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HU OSA 350-1-1
Fonds 350: Records of the International Monitor Institute
Subfonds 1: Europe
Series 1: Balkan Archive
  1. ABC Nightline: Bosnia: The Hidden Horrors - Part 1 (news)
    Correspondent Dave Marash investigates the policy of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia. Eight Bosnian Muslim refugees in Croatia, former prisoners from the Keraterm camp near Prijedor, describe events in the camp and reveal the dates when massacres were committed by the Serbs (July 24 and July 20,1992). After the Keraterm camp was closed, prisoners were transported to the Trnopolje camp. Footage from Sarajevo, Kozarac, the refugee camp in Karlovac, Keraterm, Trnopolje and Manjaca is included. An August 1992 statement by President Clinton and an interview with Elie Wiesel, human rights activist, are included.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 10-Nov-1992, Beta SP
    Nightline: Bosnia: The Hidden Horrors - Part 2 (news)
    Dave Marash continues investigating the policy of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia. Several Bosnian Muslim refugees in Croatia and former prisoners from the Trnopolje and Omarska prison camps near Prijedor, including Nedzad Jakupovic, Edin Kararic and Dr. Idriz Merdzic, describe the rape, torture, castration and killings in the two camps. Footage from Sarajevo, Trnopolje, Omarska and Manjaca is included. An interview with Elie Wiesel, human rights activist, is continued from part 1. Statements by Bosnian Serb Commanders, Momir Talic, Stojan Zuplijanin and Zeljko Mejakic (indicted for war crimes) are also featured.
    Producer: ABC English language; 11-Nov-1992, Beta SP
    BA002 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  2. The Cook Report - Arkan (report)
    Robin Cook investigates involvement of Zeljko Raznjatovic also known as Arkan and his paramilitary brigade (Serbian Volunteer Brigade often called "Arkan's Tigers") in crimes committed in Northern Croatia and Bosnia, focusing on events in Vocin and Lesevo. Graphic footage is shown, including photographs of atrocities committed by Arkan's soldiers. A broad array of interviews presented includes an interview with Arkan in Belgrade and statements by witnesses of atrocities, local government officials, survivors of massacres and Milos Vasic (Belgrade journalist). Footage from Vocin, Lesevo, Vukovar, Lastovo, Bijeljina (TV Novi Sad), Erdut, and Belgrade is included.
    Producer: ITV United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    World News Tonight (news)
    Peter Jennings gives a brief update on another incident of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia. A map is used to illustrate areas under Serbian control, including Kamenica and Cerska. "In two towns under siege by Serbian forces, several thousand Muslim men, women and children have been forced to abandon their homes and walk 20 miles to another town because they have no food left."
    Producer: ABC-TV United States/English language; 4-Feb-1993, Beta SP
    BA006 • Ethnic Cleansing
    Channel 7: Children of Croatia (six-part series) (documentary film)
    Chuck Goudie reports from Croatia on activities of Miroslav Kovacevic, a Croatian-American doctor from Chicago, during his visit to Croatia. Dr. Kovacevic runs the Save the Children of Croatia Fund that provides clothes, medical supplies and money to needy children and other victims of war. Reports from the refugee camp in Gasinci, Croatia (a home to 3,500 refugees from Bosnia), Osijek, and a visit to a Croatian family are included. Interviews with the refugees, local residents and a refugee camp doctor are included to illustrate difficulties experienced by the refugees. Destruction in Osijek, including the shelling of a hospital, is shown.
    Producer: Channel 7 News - ABC Affiliate in Chicago United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA007 • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  3. Amateur Footage: Atrocities - Travnik / Vlasici (raw footage)
    This film shows amateur video of the town of Travnik / Vlasici. A number of mutilated male corpses can be seen, as well as freshly turned fields.
    (No dialogue) language; 23-May-1993, Beta SP

  4. Bosnia: The Untold Story (documentary film)
    This film focuses on Serbian claims to the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Graphic footage is shown, including scenes from the Vase Miskina St. Massacre (Bread Line Massacre) and the Ahatovici Massacre. Imagery includes slaughtered men, injured children, and archival footage from WWII. Very little identification is provided. Footage from the Trnopolje prison camp is also included with a brief interview with a prisoner. Rape is mentioned as well.
    United States/English language; 1993, VHS

  5. OKRUG: Tuzla Hospital (report)
    This broadcast features refugees who have come to Tuzla from Srebrenica and other surrounding towns. Much of the footage shows the refugees in the hospital. Many of these refugees have wounds that have not been looked at in 2 months. As doctors remove bandages, much of the flesh has rotted away. Many amputations and other medical operations are performed without local anesthesia.
    Producer: Television Tuzla Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA009

  6. Nightline: Rape in Bosnia (news)
    Interviews of raped Serbian, Croatian, and Muslim women. One victim said that Serb soldiers raped women of all ages, from 6-year-old to 80-year-old. The women are not identified by name nor location. Karen Landgren, of the UN Refugee Commission, talks about her experience in working with these rape victims.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language, Beta SP

  7. Amateur Footage: Preliminary Archeological Survey in the Former Yugoslavia (raw footage)
    This film is amateur video footage of Dr. Clyde Snow, forensic anthropologist, taking a preliminary archeological survey of the Vukovar mass grave site. The excavation of two bodies is shown, with evidence of many more awaiting further investigation.
    (silent) language; 16-Dec-1992, Beta SP
    BA011• Military/Para-Military

  8. The MacNeil-Lehrer Newshour (news)
    Larry Hollingworth, UNHCR official in Bosnia, discusses the situation in Srebrenica. The lack of food is described and how residents are facing desperation because the UN aid supplies are expected to last only five days. Hollingworth predicts bloodshed if the UN doesn't take drastic measures to ensure the safety of people in Srebrenica. He also expresses his opinion about General Morillon's role in the situation. In the following interview, Reginald Bartholomew (US Ambassador and Special Envoy to the Former Yugoslavia) provides his perspective on the war in Bosnia.
    Producer: PBS United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA012 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  9. Bosnia: The Untold Story (documentary film)
    This film focuses on Serbian claims to the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Graphic footage is shown, including scenes from the Vase Miskina St. Massacre (Bread Line Massacre) and the Ahatovici Massacre. Imagery includes slaughtered men, injured children, and archival footage from WWII. Very little identification is provided. Footage from the Trnopolje prison camp is also included with a brief interview with a prisoner. Rape is mentioned as well.
    United States/English language; 1993, Beta SP
    B014 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  10. PBS: The MacNeil - Lehrer Newshour: February 17, 1993 (television program)
    BBC's Martin Bell reports on how people cope with harsh living conditions caused by heavy fighting and cold weather in the besieged city of Sarajevo and Serb-held Grbavica, and the failure of diplomatic measures to bring peace. Bell interviews Sarajevans in a shelter, refugees in the Hotel Europa, and anonymous rape victims from the alleged rape center in Sokolac. The interviews include a young boy who lost his entire family in a massacre near the brewery. Statements included feature David Owen, Radovan Karadzic, Alija Izetbegovic, Safet Tokaca (Bosnian Army commander) and a Bosnian Serb soldier. Serb positions along the old road to Pale are also shown.
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 17-Feb-1993, Beta SP
    BA015 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  11. NBC News Today (news)
    Margaret Larson interviewed Radovan Karadzic, the leader of the Bosnian Serbs, during his stay in New York for scheduled peace negotiations. Karadzic expresses his desire to get an autonomous region for the Bosnian Serbs, in order to "get out of any possibility for being dominated by the Muslim community." He denies all reports suggesting Bosnian Serb involvement in crimes of mass rape and ethnic cleansing. It is "a big mistake of media to buy this kind of story," says Karadzic. He characterizes the war in Bosnia as "the worst kind of inter-ethnic and inter-religious civilian war." Karadzic comments on his restricted status in the US.
    Producer: NBC United States/English language; 4-Feb-1993, Beta SP
    BA017 • Rape • Prison Camps • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    Street Stories with Ed Bradley - Cry for Help (report)
    This report focuses on the experiences of rape victims in the former Yugoslavia and activities of Judy Darnell. Darnell is a former volunteer combat nurse on the front lines in Croatia who revisited the region in order to learn about the experiences of raped women and provide them with support and help. Darnell interviews female victims of rape, most of whom are Bosnian Muslim refugees in Croatia, and the perpetrators, Bosnian Serb soldiers in a Bosnian prison. Darnell's opinion is that rape is being used by the Serb soldiers as a weapon in the Bosnian conflict, "as a part of their ethnic cleansing campaign." Forced impregnation also discussed. Scene of woman in pink scarf retelling her rape.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 4-Feb-1993, Beta SP
    BA018 •  Rape • Torture • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    CNN Newsday (news)
    Jennifer Nadel reports from Croatia on rape as a weapon of war that is being used by all sides in the war in Bosnia. Interviews with several victims of rape who fled to Croatia (some of whom were impregnated) and Marie de la Soudiere (United Nations High Commissioner for Refuges) are included. The Medical Faculty of Zagreb University, which collects evidence on war crimes for the Croatian government, issued a report indicating that the Serbs are to be held responsible for most of the rapes committed against Muslim women. Another report, issued by the UN, indicates that there has been no effort by those in authority to curb the atrocities.
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 13-Feb-1993, Beta SP
    BA019 • Rape • Torture • Ethnic Cleansing • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  12. ITN News at Ten: Report from Serb-held Detention Camps, Omarska and Trnopolje, Northern Bosnia (news)
    ITN's Penny Marshall and Ian Williams of Channel 4 News were invited by the Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, to visit Omarska and Trnopolje prison camps in Northern Bosnia. Constant images of emaciated prisoners are shown. The ITN crew was only allowed to visit a dining hall in the Omarska camp. Camp guards refused to let them see the living accommodations for prisoners there. Prisoners who were transported from Omarska to the Trnopolje prison camp give brief statements. A boy is interviewed, age 13, who came to Trnopolje voluntarily, claiming he was used as a human shield by extremist Muslims and that his mother was taken by the Serbs. Bosnian Serb administrators of the camps such as Simo Drljaca and Nada Balaban are shown.
    Producer: ITN United Kingdom/English language; 4-Oct-1993, Beta SP
    German language

  13. Commission of Experts Film: Testimonies - Part 1 (interview)
    This film features interviews with Boro Herak, Sretko Damjanovic, and Nada Tomic, all prosecuted and convicted in a Sarajevo Court.
    Serbian language; 16-Nov-1992, Beta SP
    BA020 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  14. Commission of Experts Film: Testimonies - Part 2 (interview)
    This film features interviews with Boro Herak, Sretko Damjanovic, and Nada Tomic, all prosecuted and convicted in a Sarajevo Court.
    Serbian language; 16-Nov-1992, Beta SP

  15. Rights & Wrongs: Crimes Against Humanity (documentary film)
    This program focuses on the establishment of the International War Crimes Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Cherif Bassiouni, DePaul Univ. law professor heading the UN War Crimes Commission, speaks about the character of the Tribunal. Statements by Clyde Snow (forensic anthropologist), Aryeh Neier (Executive Director, Human Rights Watch), Madeleine Albright, Elie Wiesel, Lawrence Eagleberger, Feryal Gharahi (Equality Now), Zeljko Raznjatovic "Arkan" and Radovan Karadzic are included. Brief reports on other human rights issues in the world and a video-spot by a Croatian musician, Nenad Bach, also included. Footage of prison camps, massacres, Nuremberg trials, is shown.
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 23-Apr-1993, Beta SP
    BA022 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  16. Testimonies about Abuse of Women/Svedočenja o zlostavljanju žena (documentary film)
    Two Bosnian Serb women, victims of rape, featured. J.I. (age 28, from Bosnia), describes how she had to leave Croatia and how Serb women from Kninska Krajina were tortured and raped by Croats, she calls them Ustase, and Muslims in Slavonski Brod and Odzak. J.I. was pregnant and didn't want to see her child when it was born. S.K. (age 20 from Sarajevo) describes how she was held captive in Pofalici, in a prison run by Ismet Bajramovic, "Celo," who raped her. S.K. was also pregnant and gave birth to a child. Two doctors from Belgrade hospitals speak of late pregnancies ending in abortions and the traumas endured by victims of rape.
    Producer: RTS-RTB, Belgrade Yugoslavia/English language, Beta SP
    BA024 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  17. Croatia and the Croatians (documentary film)
    This documentary provides an overview of geographic and demographic facts about Croatia, Croatian cultural achievements and the history of the region from a Croatian perspective. The history of Croatia from 1918 to the present is characterized by Serb dominance and the oppression of Croatian political freedom. Bosnia-Herzegovina is referred to as a part of Croatia. Brief history of Jewish settlement of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina is also discussed. Archival footage of Stjepan Radic, King Alexander, Ante Pavelic, Tito, and Alojzije Stepinac is included. Martin Sheen narrates at the very end.
    Producer: Croatian Information Center and Frank Kolarek Films, New York United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA025 • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  18. The Yugoslav Army is Assisting in Serbian Terrorism (documentary film)
    This film, narrated by actor Martin Sheen, attempts to show how the war in the former Yugoslavia has been waged by the former Yugoslavian Federal Army (JNA). The Yugoslav Army is accused of openly fighting for the interests of greater Serbia and supporting terrorism. The film attempts to provide a brief historical background of the region in an effort to show Serbia's domination over Croatia, especially during Tito's Yugoslavia. Atrocities committed throughout Croatia are mentioned, accompanied with graphic images of murdered persons, archival and amateur footage, and pictures from HTV, and HTV Studio Osijek.
    Producer: Croatian Information Center and Frank Kolarek Films, New York United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA026 • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  19. Massacres in Croatia and Bosnia (documentary film)
    This film attempts to show, in graphic detail, the killing and torture of Croatian civilians. Many killings are shown, but specific locations, names, witnesses, and sources are not offered. Extremely graphic footage of tortured and maimed bodies and corpses are shown. Coverage of children in hospitals, countless women behind barbed wire and roadsides littered with the bodies of people who tried to escape the camps are also featured.
    United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA028 • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  20. Tuzla (documentary film)
    This film shows several Bosnian Government Army soldiers in Tuzla and female Bosnian soldiers in training near Tesanj, located near Tuzla, struggling to defend the long tradition of multi-ethnic coexistence in this Bosnian city. In Tuzla, Muslims, Croats, Serbs, and men and women of mixed heritage are seen fighting together. Several of these men and women briefly describe their experiences, attitudes toward war and their enemy, and their reasons for fighting. The Serbian church and cemetery in Tuzla are shown preserved in perfect condition, while the Mosques are shown desecrated.
    English language, Beta SP
    BA029 • Rape • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military

  21. Borislav Herak Trial in Sarajevo, Bosnia - Part 1 (report)
    This broadcast features a war crimes trial held in Sarajevo. Borislav Herak, a Bosnian Serb soldier, Sretko Damjanovic and Nada Tomic are accused of murder, rape and theft committed against Bosnian Muslim civilians. Herak has confessed to his involvement in the killing of at least 220 Bosnian Muslims. Herak describes, in detail, how he committed murders and acts of rape. He claims to have carried out orders. A report by Kim Acker is included, which provides background on the Yugoslavian conflict and is accompanied by commentary from Catherine MacKinnon, a specialist in human rights law, and Michael Posner from the Lawyer's Committee for Human Rights.
    Producer: Court TV United States/English language; 23-Apr-1993, Beta SP
    BA030 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  22. Borislav Herak Trial in Sarajevo, Bosnia - Part 2 (report)
    This broadcast features a war crimes trial held in Sarajevo. Borislav Herak, a Bosnian Serb soldier, Sretko Damjanovic and Nada Tomic are accused of murder, rape and theft committed against Bosnian Muslim civilians. Herak has confessed to his involvement in the killing of at least 220 Bosnian Muslims. Herak describes, in detail, how he committed murders and acts of rape. He claims to have carried out orders. A report by Kim Acker is included, providing background on the Yugoslavian conflict. The broadcast is accompanied by commentary from Julie Mertus from the Center of Reproductive Law and Policy.
    Producer: Court TV United States/English language; 7-May-1993, Beta SP

  23. ABC World News Tonight with Peter Jennings (news)
    This report focuses on the rising crime and its perpetrators in Belgrade, Serbia. Zeljko Raznjatovic, aka Arkan, is cited as one of the most influential criminals, also wanted by Interpol in several European countries and accused by the West of committing war crimes in Croatia and Bosnia. The report portrays him as a hero in Serbia and a member of Serbian Parliament. Serbian TV and the Serbian Orthodox Church are shown to openly support Belgrade gangsters. Brief statements on Serbian TV by several Belgrade gangsters and a local criminologist are included. An anonymous male points to a likely involvement of higher government officials in a circle of crime and black marketeering in Belgrade.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 7-Jun-1993, Beta SP
    BA032 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military

  24. The Destruction of Croatian Churches (documentary film)
    This film seeks to emphasize how Serbs are deliberately destroying Croatian churches to eradicate Croats and destroy elements of their own history. According to the video, "Croatia is being attacked by some primeval darkness that's deeply rooted in the aggressor; they need to humiliate, to desecrate, to rape." The film also states that 350 churches have been destroyed or damaged throughout Croatia. HTV and amateur footage from 1991 show churches destroyed and damaged. Names and locations of churches are not identified. Images of Cardinal Franjo Kuharic are also included.
    Producer: Croatian Information Center United States/English language; Jan-1992, Beta SP
    BA033 • Rape • Torture • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing

  25. ITN News at Ten: Dubrovnik (news)
    Paul Davis reports from the city of Dubrovnik where battles between the Yugoslavian Federal Army (JNA) and Croatian forces are in progress on Mount Srdj, above Dubrovnik. The report shows how the JNA attacks from air, land and sea. According to the hospital reports, the victims are mostly civilians. The Old City and residential areas in Dubrovnik are shown under bombardment. Boats in the main and old ports and hotels are shown in flames. Statements by EC observers, a Franciscan monk, and Sarah Maraeka, Britain's Consul to Dubrovnik, are also included.
    Producer: ITN United Kingdom/English language; 14-Nov-1991, Beta SP
    English subtitles

  26. The Lasting Genocide (documentary film)
    This program focuses on war crimes committed against the Bosnian Muslims. The film begins with a chronology portraying a long history of genocide against the Bosnian Muslims. Many cases of atrocities committed against Bosnian Muslims in this century are mentioned, including the "great Serbian genocide over the Bosnian Muslims in 1918." The program attempts to explain a driving force in the policy of genocide, or "Cetnik ideology," that propagates the "physical extermination of Bosnian Muslims." Graphic images are shown of those murdered and massacred persons, as well as footage of the destruction of Bosnian towns. Networks such as HTV, SKY News, TV NS and TV BiH are featured, including archival stills and footage.
    Producer: Televizija Bosne i Hercegovine for the Bosnian State Commission for the Investigation of War Crimes Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language; Jun-1992, Beta SP
    BA039 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  27. Between the Lines, Tape 1 (report)
    This report features Canadians detailing the Serbian side of the war. A refugee camp is visited where Muslim women and children are treated kindly. The report seeks to show unfair coverage of Serbs during the war. A panel discussion is included.
    Producer: TVO Canada/English language, Beta SP
    fast recording

  28. Between the Lines, Tape 2 (report)
    This report features Canadians detailing the Serbian side of the war. A refugee camp is visited where Muslim women and children are treated kindly. The report seeks to show unfair coverage of Serbs during the war. A panel dicussion is included.
    Producer: TVO Canada/English language, Beta SP
    n/a

  29. Flashpoint: Inside Serbia (report)
    Steve Platter, an American reporting on the Serb side of war, interviews Metropolitan Jovan (Zagreb/ Ljubljana); Colonel Momcilo Momcilovic. German weapons are shown, allegedly seized from Croatian soldiers. Political speeches/history behind the Serbs' quest of independence.
    Producer: Incentico Communications, St. Louis, Missouri United States/English language; 1992, Beta SP
    English subtitles

  30. NBC News at Sunrise (news)
    Jeremy Bowen, a BBC correspondent, reports from the besieged city of Sarajevo on a Sunday when 20 people were killed and nearly 200 wounded as a result of heavy shelling by the Bosnian Serbs. At this time, the Serbs are on the counter-attack because of advancements by the Bosnian government forces' on Mt. Trebevic. The hospitals in Sarajevo are full, due to the many civilian and Bosnian government soldier casualties. Bowen gives brief information on the situation in Gorazde, another UN Safe Haven under siege. This report also focuses on a beauty contest held in Sarajevo during the same weekend, amid heavy pounding by Bosnian Serb artillery on the surrounding hills.
    Producer: NBC United States/English language; 1-May-1993, Beta SP
    Bad quality
    CNN Newshour (news)
    This broadcast features brief information about the UN resolution concerning Safe Havens, followed by a report from Srebrenica, one of six cities designated as a Safe Haven in Bosnia. The harsh living conditions of Muslim refugees in this town are shown, including problems caused by overpopulation, due to the influx of refugees from the surrounding areas. The report discusses how humanitarian aid is the main source of food, cigarettes have become the currency and prostitution is increasing. At the time of the report, the Serbs were within a few hundred yards of the demilitarized zone. Statements by a UNHCR official and a Bosnian Serb Army commander, Cvijetin Vuksic, are included.
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 4-Jun-1993, Beta SP
    BA043 • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military

  31. CNN News: Collage of Six Reports (news)
    These reports investigate the effectiveness of the UN operation in the former Yugoslavia, the attitude of the United States towards the conflict in Bosnia, rape and its consequences (two slightly different reports on rape by Christiane Amanpour are both featured), the progress of the war crimes trial in Sarajevo, protests organized in the US against the policy of rape in the former Yugoslavia and the conclusion of a war crimes trial in Sarajevo. The ITN report on survivors of the Omarska prison camp, Nusreta Sivac, Jadranka Cigelj, Zlata and two other men, is also included. Survivors identify individual Bosnian Serb soldiers as the perpetrators of crimes in the prison camp at Omarska.
    Producer: CNN United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA044 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  32. Commission Film (report)
    Humanitarian team "ECMY-Zagreb" (European Community Monitors - Yugoslavia, Zagreb) visits a totally destroyed church in Centigrad (near Slunj).
    Croatia/Danish language, Beta SP
    BA045 • Notes n/a

  33. Report about Raped Serb Women in Bosnia - Part 1/Izveštaj o silovanju srpskih žena u Bosni, deo 1 (report)
    Bosnian Serb women, all victims of rape, describe their experiences in brief statements. The women are from Bosanski Brod, Novi Grad near Odzak, Vrbovacki Lipik near Odzak, Derventa, and Borci near Boracko Jezero. According to the report, women of all ages were assaulted, mostly by their former neighbors. Some of the women interviewed reveal names of the men who assaulted them, citing the perpetrators as being ethnically Croatian, or they simply refer to them as the "Ustasa." The subtitles in English incorrectly refer to the rapists as "Muslim neighbors."
    Producer: RTS-RTB, International News Center (Belgrade) Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English, Beta SP
    BA046 • Rape • Torture • Military/Para-Military

  34. Amateur Video: Film Commission (home movie)
    This video features amateur video of a village as visited by civilians and paramilitary after "ethnic cleansing." Livestock running wild, many bodies of civilians, excessive destruction of civilian property.
    Croatia/Danish language; 1991, Beta SP
    BA047 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military

  35. Interviews with civilian victims of war (report)
    Belgrade Television recording: an interview with a woman in front of her house, utterly destroyed. Also interviewed other civilian victims of war. The content does not correspond to the IMI description.
    Producer: RTB (Belgrade) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP

  36. Herzegovina, juče, danas, sutra, deo 1/Herzegovina: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow, Tape 1 of 2 (television program)
    Bosnian history from the Serb perspective, testimony from soldiers concerning rape and killing, graphic footage. Severe malnutrition amongst the prisoners.
    Producer: RTB-International News Center (Belgrade) Yugoslavia/English language, Beta SP
    BA048

  37. The Year of Living Dangerously: Sarajevo '92. (documentary film)
    Discussion with doctor about various illnesses, wounds he's treated relating to the siege, his opinions. Interview with a mother and children about their fleeing Sarajevo, will they ever return?
    United States/English language; 1992, Beta SP

  38. Press Conference: Report from UN War Crimes Commission (press conference)
    This report features a discussion of projects such as the study of the rape in the former Yugoslavia, investigation and scrutiny of specific laws of war conflict and a general review of what happened during the battle of Sarajevo, with concentration of "law of arm" conflict violations. Rape victims give testimony in addition to eye witnesses, doctors and other hospital administrators, all within context of the siege of Sarajevo.
    United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA050 • Rape • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military

  39. Heart of Yugoslavia/Herz Jugoslawiens (report)
    ORF reporter Claudia Neuhauser interviews citizens in pre-war Bosnia for their opinions on an independent Bosnia. As the war in Croatia escalates and the Yugoslav federation falls apart, the Bosnian government application for international recognition and independence from Yugoslavia is pending. The report cites the extensive ethnic and cultural mix of Bosnia's 4.2 million people: 44% Muslim, 31% Serb, and 17% Croat. Ejup Ganic of the Bosnian government explains how Bosnia's mix of various cultural and ethnic heritage make it a unique area. Ganic also states that recognition of an independent Bosnia is the solution to the Yugoslav crisis. The creation of Tito's communist Yugoslavia is then detailed. Jajce is exemplified as being a model for a Yugoslavia where all nationalities enjoy the same rights. Interviewed is Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Serbian Democratic Party, who states that an independent Bosnian is unacceptable to the Bosnian Serbs. According to Karadzic's plan, Bosnian should be split up, where the 600.000 Bosnian Serbs would receive 60% of the territory which would remain under the auspices of Yugoslavia. His plan also includes the designation of a bridge in Sarajevo which would separate Serbian Bosnia from the independent Bosnia. The report explains that the war in Croatia has affected the Bosnian economy whose monthly inflation is 20%, which will not change as long as Bosnia is a part of Yugoslavia. Banja Luka, the capital of the self-proclaimed Bosnian [Serb] Krajina is then analyzed, where soldiers are a common sight on the streets, and the government receives direction from Yugoslavia. Finally, Claudia Neuhauser explains that the film crew was arrested by the Banja Luka police. At the police station the crew was interrogated, accused of Croat espionage, and their film material was confiscated by the military police. Statements are made by three unidentified Bosnian men, two unidentified Bosnian women, and Habib Hadziosmanovic, a former partisan. Footage includes: Bosnian Muslim graveyard, a Bosnian Muslim praying in a Mosque, JNA soldiers, landscapes of Bosnia, Jajce waterfall, room where Tito proclaimed Yugoslavia as a new country, a sculpture of Tito, streets of Jajce, Jajce marketplace, map of Bosnia's pre-war ethnic makeup, map of Karadzic's plan for the division of Bosnia, Sarajevo's pre-war National Library, a grocery store (in Sarajevo?), apartment buildings in Sarajevo, poster of Captain (Kapetan) Dragan, JNA soldiers in Banja Luka.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 14-Jan-1992, Beta SP
    BA051 • Military/Para-Military
    Wounds of War/Wunden des Krieges (report)
    The bombardment of a multi-ethnic Sarajevo is focused on.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 28-Jan-1992, Beta SP
    BA #?
    Negotiation and Armament/Verhandeln und Rüsten (report)
    This broadcast focuses on Bosnia-Herzegovina just before the war. Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, is interviewed and gives his psychiatric analysis of the conflict. Also interviewed are Goran Milic, Director of the independent television station Yutel in Sarajevo, Marko Orsolic, theologian and political theorist, and Muhamed Filipovic, head of the Muslim Movement. The varying opinions illustrate the dichotomy between those supporting continued integration and those for ethnic partition. The report also concentrates on pre-war tension in Sarajevo, political rhetoric and the subsequent arming of the opposing sides.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 10-Mar-1992, Beta SP
    BA054 • Military/Para-Military
    The Other Balkan/Der andere Balkan (report)
    The focus of the report is Macedonia and its newly-gained independence. The main issues covered are Greek animosity towards an independent Macedonia, and questions regarding the Serbian and Albanian minorities. Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov comments on the issue, stating that Macedonian people only want their independence. Greece opposes Macedonia's independence, contending that Macedonia is Greek territory. Gligorov further states that the economy remains unstable and that Greece's economic embargo on Macedonia conflicts with EU free-trade agreements. The report further states that after gaining independence from Yugoslavia, Gligorov's goal for Macedonia is to show that peaceful coexistence in the Balkans is possible. The difficulty for Macedonians to receive visas from Greece is also mentioned. Elizabeta Dadovska, a Macedonian born in Greece, talks about her inability to visit the Greek village where she was born and partially raised. Her mother Sofija Kuleva and Vasil Kulev, her brother, comment on Greece's frustration with Macedonia. Both Jana Popovska, a teacher, and Goko Gosevski, an Ohrid museum curator, give brief accounts of Macedonian history and independence. Gosevksi states that the worst aggression Macedonia ever suffered was from Serbs in WWII. The report claims that Serbia has always regarded Macedonia as a colony, a part of land which has to be protected. Todorska Kozewska, a Macedonian worker married to a Serb, talks about being taught that Macedonia exists only as a part of Yugoslavia. Sahade Aliv, an Albanian girl, talks about oppression Albanians endure in Macedonia. Also interviewed is Naser Zyberi, leader of the Albanian Party for Progress, who states that although Albanians are constitutionally equals to other ethnicites, they do not feel treated as equals. The report ends with a brief account of how farmers are coping with the economic crisis. In the past, they were seen as poor, but currently, villages are seen as being fully capable to fend for themselves. Other footage includes: the night of Macedonia's independence celebration, St. Clement Orthodox Monastery, antique furniture of the Urania trade family, Macedonian villagers, and Albanian houses built within Macedonia with money earned by Albanian men working in Western countries.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 24-Mar-1992, Beta SP
    BA062 • No notes available
    Sarajevo in a Chokehold/Sarajewo im Würgegriff (report)
    This broadcast focuses on problems and dilemmas faced by Sarajevo as a besieged city. The report shows empty grocery stores and how the general infrastructure has collapsed. Frustration with Europe and the US is apparent in interviews with civilians, soldiers, and businessmen. The report states that Bosnians were the strongest believer in multi-ethnic cooperation and therefore the war comes to them as a nightmare. The report gives an example of a Sarajevo building whose inhabitants decided to create a multi-ethnic self-defense system. A young Serbian man talks about the ethnically mixed makeup of the tenants. Two ethnically unidentified men exclaim that it is the war that made them aware of their neighbors' ethnicity. They consider the three ethnicities to be all the same people. An older Muslim refugee woman gives an account of having her home destroyed by the army. Interviewed is also Bozidar Matic, president of Energoinvest, the largest Bosnian company. He talks about the general disbelief that US/EU mediation between the three parties [Serbs, Croats, and Muslims] will bring about any solutions. Ejup Ganic, member of the Bosnian parliament., states that under the leadership of Milosevic, Serbia has managed to destroy the dream of Yugoslav unity by wanting too much control. Other footage includes: Bosnian soldiers trying to recapture a building in Sarajevo, pictures of Sarajevo's old town [Bascarsija], refugees cramped into a school watched by Bosnian forces, people waiting in line to get food supplies, empty Sarajevo grocery stores, and Energoinvest.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 21-Apr-1992, Beta SP
    BA064 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    The Next Crisis/Die nächste Krise (report)
    This broadcast focuses on Kosovo as an area where conflict is possible to reappear. The report details how Kosovo is revered by Serbs as the cradle of Serbian culture, featuring a brief historical account of Kosovo and the significance of the Battle of Kosovo Polje in 1389. The modern state of the economy is then focused on, showing the dire poverty of the region and how the illegal trading in foreign hard currency is some of the only work available. Having always been the poorest part of Yugoslavia, Kosovo's ethnic make-up is then examined, detailing showing how many Serbs have emigrated to cities in Serbia proper, creating an even larger ethnic Albanian majority. The report talks about the police state existing in Kosovo and the ethnic Albanians' desires to gain full independence. The report includes an interview with Ibrahim Rugova, ethnic Albanian leader of the LDK, several other ethnic Albanian leaders and Serbian officials in Kosovo. The report details how the Serbian Orthodox Church aids in the oppression of the Albanian majority, featuring interviews with Fathers Atanasije Rakita and George Trajkovic, Serbian Orthodox priests in the Prizren diocese, who state that Serbs have deeper roots in Kosovo and that it has always been Serbian territory. According to the priests, Muslims have been continuously endangering Serbian churches and its priesthood with little tolerance towards Christianity, especially, as they claim, since the 300,000 Albanian Muslims settled after WWII, offsetting the Serbs' historical ethnic majority. Alushi A. Gashi, an Albanian doctor and human rights activist, states that Serbia has created a state of apartheid in Kosovo, experiencing oppression in every aspect of daily life. A Serbian female student at the University of Pristina is also interviewed, mentioning that she feels very unsafe in Kosovo, being that she is a member of the Serbian minority. Radivoje Popovic, Serbian President of the University of Pristina, claims that demands for political secession are coming from the Albanian side, namely out of ethnic Albanian student organizations, and that there will be no negotiations over to whom Kosovo belong. Ibrahim Rugova gives his view on how Serbian propaganda has been used to skew the reality that Serbs have succeeded in controlling all public institutions in Kosovo and forbidding official use of the Albanian language. He also touches on Kosovo Albanians' desires to be an independent state and the possibility of uniting with Albania. Other footage available includes: monasteries in the Prizren area (Decani); the ruins in Kosovo Polje; street life and markets in Kosovo; Albanian writers and intellectuals meeting at the Literary Society of Kosovo; impoverished living conditions among Albanian families in their homes; and Albanian children being taught in private homes.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 19-May-1992, Beta SP
    BA065 • No notes available
    Neighbor in Need - Part 1/Nachbar in Not (report)
    Life of the Bosnian refugees in the camps in Istra, Croatia.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 2-Jun-1992, Beta SP
    BA077 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military
    Neighbor in Need - Part 2/Nachbar in Not (report)
    Produced by the Catholic relief agency Caritas, this broadcast reports on the destruction and humanitarian crisis caused by the war in the former Yugoslavia and makes an appeal for contributions. Destruction of towns and cities, refugee camps, military personnel, and dead civilians are shown throughout. The destruction from the war is focused on to garner support for Caritas' relief activities. Sarajevan civilians living under siege comment on their situation with pleas for help. The bombardment of a multi-ethnic Sarajevo is focused on as well, including brief interviews with Bosnian Serb soldiers giving justification for their siege.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 16-Jun-1992, Beta SP
    The Serbian Soul/Die serbische Seele (report)
    This broadcast features an exploration into the Serbian folk consciousness and how it has contributed to the arming of civilians and the military might of Serb forces in the war in the former Yugoslavia. The influence of political systems and history are discussed, creating what the reporter refers to as a "militaristic neurosis," said to remain embedded within the Serbian national character. Nationalist politicians such as Vuk Draskovic and Vojislav Seselj are also shown at rallies. The influential role of the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Serbian monarchy and other elements culturally relevant to the Serbs are discussed as well.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 30-Jun-1992, Beta SP
    Fight to Survive/Der Kampf ums Überleben (radio program)
    This broadcast focuses on Sarajevo during the war, and, more specifically, how one family continues to survive everyday life in the besieged city. Many key shots of war-time Sarajevo are featured as the news crew follow the mother and father of the family on their way to work and interviews them at their respective workplaces. The family's mother is also shown at the market and on her way back home. The family's older son is interviewed from his hospital bed, injured from a grenade blast. The reporter goes in-depth into what the family must endure, both emotionally and mentally, on a daily basis under siege in Sarajevo.
    Producer: ORF Germany/Georgian language; 14-Jul-1992, Beta SP
    BA080 • Military/Para-Military

  40. ABC News: While America Watched - The Bosnia Tragedy (report)
    Peter Jennings examines, in detail, the reasons why the US and European Community have been hesitant from the beginning to get involved in the war in the former Yugoslavia. A variety of opinions are expressed through commentary by Jandranka Cigelj, Roy Gutman, various State Department and military officials, UN workers, former Secretary of State Laurence Eagleburger, and former Ambassador to Yugoslavia, Warren Zimmerman among others. There is a lot of footage of civilian destruction, dead bodies, prisoners in death camps, and refugees.
    Producer: abc News special with peter Jennings United States/English language; 17-Mar-1994, VHS
    BA239 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  41. ABC-Nightline: US Bosnian Policy - Politics, Careers & Principles (news)
    This program includes a report by Dave Marash about consequences of the war in Bosnia and an interview conducted by Barbara Walters with two former US State Department officials, George Kenney and Marshall Freeman Harris, both who resigned in protest over the US policy in Bosnia. The report by Marsh includes brief interviews with the victims of rape, torture and ethnic cleansing. Most of these statements were previously featured in other ABC programs. Discussions are held with Professor Cheriff Bassiouni, UN Commission of Experts for the former Yugoslavia, Lawrence Eagleburger, US State Department, Eric Stover, Physicians for Human Rights, and Elie Wiesel, human rights activist.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 5-Aug-1993, Beta SP
    BA053 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  42. Heather Felsinger #1 - Genocide Against the Serb people in Croatia, 1941-1991/Heather Felsinger #1 - Genocid nad srpskim narodom u Hrvatskoj 1941-1991 (propaganda film)
    Tape features RTB footage of destruction of civilian property and amateur footage of murdered civilians. Archival footage of WWII victims, WWII battles, Hitler meeting Pavelic, Ante Pavelic, and concentration camps featured. Interviews with Jasenovac survivors featured. Statements by: Dr. Milan Bulajic, historian; Marijan Juric, HDZ representative in Croatian Parliament; John Paul II; Stevan Veselinovic, JNA officer from Zadar (July 21, 1991); various victims of the Ustasha terror, including small children; Zeljko Raznatovic Arkan; Serbian Orthodox priest and other officials. Footage of the Prebilovci pit (from 09/23/1991), showing the remains of the victims of the Ustasha terror; Zabreb (1990); Croats attacking JNA soldiers in Split (from May 6, 1991); massacred Serbian fighters and their grieving families.
    Producer: RTB (Belgrade) Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English, Beta SP

  43. Heather Felsinger #2 - Massacre in Divos village/Heather Felsinger #2 - Massacre in Divos village (report)
    Massacre of Serbs by Croatian army in Divos village. The tape shows many dead bodies, skeletons, fingers cut off and ustashi's graffities on walls such as "Ustashi ruling here". After it, a man gives a lengthy account from a hospital bed about an attack on his village. Then many civilians are interviewed about the impact on their lives and future. The last topics deals with Franciscan monastery in Vukovar, built in 1723, which is destroyed, but uncover a wealth of valuables in catacombs belonging to the Count Philip family and argument about who killed Varga Laszlo.
    Producer: RTB (Belgrade) Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English, Beta SP
    BA056 • Notes n/a

  44. Heather Felsinger #3 - Program on civilian casualties in Vukovar/Heather Felsinger #3 - Civilne žrtve u Vukovaru (propaganda film)
    The tape begins with a narrator proclaiming that the "one-and-a-half-year rule of HDZ (Croatian Democratic Union) over Vukovar resulted in horrific terror, such as: hundreds of dead, wounded, and maimed civilians; many destroyed families, resettled and humiliated citizens; thousands of elderly, women, and children in refuge; cruel crimes; [HDZ's] bestial free reign; countless human tragedies; destruction, and despair." The rule of the HDZ has brought on the tragic destruction of Vukovar. Narrator also provides the chronology of HDZ rule and violence in Vukovar. The footage from 15, 5, 21, 18, 19, and 22 of November 1991 featured. Croatian soldiers shown. Images of dead civilians, many of whom are disfigured, are played with somber classical music in the background. Certain streets and civilian houses identified. Statements by civilians and soldiers featured (they testify about the gruesome crimes of the Ustasha forces; no one is identified). Gruesome crimes against hundreds of Serb civilians, including young children, and members of the Yugoslav army, are enumerated over footage of dead bodies in the streets of what is presumably Vukovar. Fotage from Radio Television Belgrade (RTB) featured at 00:13:00. Branimir Aleksandric of the Medical Faculty in Belgrade testifies about the nature of the injuries inflicted on Vukovar's Serb civilians, most of whom were murdered. Jovan Stepanovic, JNA soldier, interviewed amidst the rubble and destroyed houses in Vukovar. Novi Sad footage (00:16:15) of the Center for Identificaton, Vukovar. Interview with a civilian with regards to forensic investigation. 00:16:40) Dr. Zoran Stankovic, forensic medicine specialist, featured. Graphic images of naked, dead bodies shown as Stankovic describes the origin of their injuries. (00:20:00) Member of the Council of National Guard (ZNG): on-camera statement of his experiences in Vukovar. (0:21:00) Croatian soldiers shown surrendering their weapons.
    Producer: RTB (Belgrade) Yugoslavia/Serbian language, Beta SP
    BA057

  45. Heather Felsinger #4 - Genocide Against the Serb people in Croatia, 1941-1991/Heather Felsinger #4 - Genocid nad srpskim narodom u Hrvatskoj 1941-1991 (propaganda film)
    The first 32 minutes of the tape are the same as the container No. 42, but in Latin alphabet, and with slightly different editing. In this program, Ustasa atrocities against Serbs in Croatia are shown. Archival WWII footage is used, seeking to draw a parallel between the crimes of the WWII Ustasa state under Ante Pavelic and the modern-day conflict.
    Producer: RTB (Belgrade) Yugoslavia/English language, Beta SP

  46. Heather Felsinger #5 - Various Serbian broadcasts on atrocities against the Serbs/Heather Felsinger #5 - Različiti programi o zločinima protiv Srba (report)
    The program features interview with a rape victim; a prisoner, Alija Selimagic, member of the Green Berets, discusses how he raped and killed young women (from Zip, political news magazine program produced by Serbian TV); a woman accused by the Croatian police of having ties to the chetniks discusses her imprisonment, rape, and mistreatment. Interview with an American soldier also featured.
    Producer: RTB (Belgrade) Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English, Beta SP
    BA059 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  47. A Day in the Death of Sarajevo/Eine Tag im Sterben von Sarajevo (documentary film)
    In this documentary, philosopher & filmmaker Bernard Henri Levy examines the effects of war on Sarajevo and its inhabitants. He focuses on the psychological effects as well as the physical. Daily life under siege is shown with numerous interviews with Sarajevo residents. Many physical and historical structures are shown burning as well, including the National Library. The approach of the film is to show the suffering and humiliation endured by the residents of Sarajevo. This is achieved by Levi's interviews with various Bosnian Croat, Serb, and Muslims throughout the city
    Producer: France 3 France/French language/Subtitles: English, VHS
    BA138 • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  48. Peace rally in Sarajevo/Miting za mir u Sarajevu (live broadcast)
    After first ethnic incidents in Sarajevo was organized mass rally for peace and understanding between peoples and against nationalism. One of the posters says: "Let us be students, not soldiers". News broadcasts on the peace rallies through Bosnia.
    Producer: Sa3 and omladinski program Radio Sarajevo Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 5-Mar-1992, VHS
    French language

  49. Massacre in Bosnia - Part 1 (report)
    This video focuses on the town of Turbe in the area around Mt. Vlasic, near Travnik. The town, destroyed by the Bosnian Serbs, had a pre-war population of Serbs, Croats, and Muslims. Graphic footage of dead, naked bodies is included. Amateur footage is also included of people uncovering mass graves and identifying dead bodies of massacred civilians. Mostar, Donja Mahala and the entire left bank of the Neretva River have been completely ruined.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language; 1992, VHS
    BA60 • No notes available

  50. Fascism '92/Fasizam '92 (documentary film)
    Produced in September 1992, this film begins with footage of the Berlin Wall being destroyed, combined with the images of Serb soldiers pointing their guns at Sarajevo, people running to avoid sniper fire and the general destruction of Sarajevo. Hotel Europe, Zetra stadium, the Sarajevo library and the Parliament building are shown burning. Footage from HTV, TVS and amateur video show the Ahatovici massacre on June 15, 1992, including graphic images of murdered civilians. Information from the 1991 census in Bosnia and maps of the ethnic make-up of Bosnia are also shown, as well as the Jewish community's history there. Archival footage from WWII and images from the war in Bosnia are combined, including the Bread Line Massacre.
    Producer: Radio Televizija Bosne i Hercegovine Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language; 1992, VHS
    BA61• Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  51. Report about Raped Serb Women in Bosnia - Part 1/Izveštaj o silovanju srpskih žena u Bosni, deo 1 (report)
    Bosnian Serb women, all victims of rape, describe their experiences in brief statements. The women are from Bosanski Brod, Novi Grad near Odzak, Vrbovacki Lipik near Odzak, Derventa, and Borci near Boracko Jezero. According to the report, women of all ages were assaulted, mostly by their former neighbors. Some of the women interviewed reveal names of the men who assaulted them, citing the perpetrators as being ethnically Croatian, or they simply refer to them as the "Ustasa."
    Producer: RTS-RTB, International News Center (Belgrade) Yugoslavia/Bosnian language/Voice-over: German, VHS
    BA062 • Rape • Torture • Military/Para-Military
    Notes: Same content as OSA #33 (BA046), with German voiceover instead of English subtitles
  52. 100 days of Vukovar - Part 1/100 dana Vukovara, deo 1 (documentary film)
    Shows placid pre-war Vukovar in contrast to the destruction and devastation caused by the war.
    Serbo-Croatian language, VHS
    BA063

  53. 100 days of Vukovar - Part 2/100 dana Vukovara, deo 2 (documentary film)
    Shows placid pre-war Vukovar in contrast to the destruction and devestation caused by the war.
    Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP

  54. Massacre in Croatia & Bosnia - Part 2 (report)
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/(No dialogue) language, Beta SP BA060

  55. UN Material (interview)
    Interview with Vera Sabotic and her brother Esko from Mostar, who are of mixed descent. Their parents and older brother were murdered, she was raped, therefore they hope for revenge. Second interview with a Croatian woman who was robbed, imprisoned and raped.
    English language, Beta SP
    BA066 • Rape • Torture

  56. These Are Our Children/Evo naše dece… / Ce sont nos enfants (documentary film)
    About Mostar and Medjugorje.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Voice-over: French; 1991, Beta SP
    BA067

  57. Demain est un nouveau jour (report)
    Chronology of the conflict in Croatia, with its historical background. Shots of devastation and interviews with the victims.
    Producer: HTV French language; Feb-1992, VHS
    German language

  58. Testimonies (interview)
    Mediha Bekic (her face concealed from identity), from Vogosca near Sarajevo, describes how she was raped and beaten by Bosnian Serb soldiers. Saida and Samira Ajanovic (filmed on May 22,1993) from Sljedovici, Rogatica, describe how their village was attacked. Incidents of rape, ethnic cleansing and forced conversion of Muslims to Orthodox Christian faith are discussed. Perpetrators are identified from Pale, Rogatica, Serbia and Pakrac. Other rape victims describe their experiences as well (TV BiH, SAT3). A testimony is featured by a convicted perpetrator, Borislav Herak (TV BiH), a Bosnian Serb soldier, and is accompanied by commentary from Sister Ancilla and Dr. Ante Drozanovic (TV BiH) about the traumas endured by rape victims.
    Producer: State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1-Jun-1993, Beta SP
    BA069 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  59. Sarajevo's Children/Djeca Sarajeva (documentary film)
    Shows child victims of war in crowded, inadequate hospital in Sarajevo. Much suffering seen. April 1992 to February, 1993.
    Producer: State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language, Beta SP

  60. Island to Island (documentary film)
    This tape features a short promotional video for the Global Children's Organization's Island to Island program, a self-described "place for children traumatized by war and intolerance in former Yugoslavia." Children are shown playing and interacting at the island camp. Short interviews are included with campers and counselors.
    United States/English language; 1994, Beta SP
    BA072

  61. Zlounj 4, Bosnia and Herzegovina (raw footage)
    Witness survivors from various Serb villages discuss the atrocities committed by Muslims and Croats. Graphic. Mostly amateur footage. Very graphic footage, accompanied by testimonies of survivors of massacres
    Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA073

  62. Crimes Against Himanity (report)
    Emsuda Mujagic, President of Women of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dr. Faruk Konjhodzic, chief neurosurgeon at Sarajevo Hospital, Ellie Wiesel, James O'Day, Amnesty International, Tadeusz Mazowietski, Bernard Koucher, former French Minister of Health and Humanitarian Action, Teleford Taylor, prosecutor Nuremberg Trials, Dame Ann Warburton, Professor Bassiouni, Ron Redman, Francoise Saulina, Dr. Clyde Snow, Alain Pellet.
    English language, Beta SP
    German and Hungarian language

  63. ABC Nightline: Children of Bosnia (news)
    David Marash reports on the UN bureaucratic logjam which has been preventing the evacuation of seriously ill and wounded children from Sarajevo. He cites the specific case of Irma Hadzimuratovic, a little girl suffering from shrapnel wounds and meningitis. Her doctor, Dr. Edo Jaganjovic, explains how he is unable to treat her due to a lack of basic necessities such as lab work and electricity. Marash explains that Irma's doctor would like to get her out of the Sarajevo hospital, but that a bureaucratic logjam is preventing him. Marash explains that in order for Irma to be transferred her case had to be reviewed by a UN committee who concluded that she too ill to travel, even though they never examined her. Interviewed is her father, Ramiz Hadzimuratovic, who details the extensive bureaucracy he had to go through in order to get Irma to a London hospital. Marash then details the efforts of various news organizations, such as "Oslobodjenje," a French News agency, SKY News, and the BBC in helping out in making passports and showing the world reports of Irma's suffering. The report cites UNICEF statistics, showing that since April of 1992, 13,932 children were wounded, and1450 children were killed [in Bosnia]. The second part of the report contains a Ted Koppel interview with David Marash who explains that Irma's case has changed UN regulations regarding the evacuation of children. Marash further explains that the Bosnia war is about nationalists who want to define the world according to ones religious and ethnic background. He states that Sarajevo's long history of ethnic and religious tolerance presents an [ideological] threat to the totalitarian regimes of Croatia and Serbia. Furthermore, he states, If Sarajevo manages to remain a democratic capital, it could attract intelligentsia from Serbia and Croatia to move to Sarajevo. Statements are made by Dr. Anthony McDermott, UNHCR Spokesperson Sylvana Foa, an unidentified civilian woman, and New York writer Susan Sontag.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 11-Aug-1993, VHS
    BA075 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military
    NBC News: Life on the Edge (news)
    This broadcast features a short report by Tom Brokaw on a Bosnian Serb/Muslim mixed-marriage family's struggle to survive on a daily basis in Sarajevo. The family is followed as they search for food, water and fuel for heating among other things. The latter portion of the report focuses on how public utilities such as electricity, water and gas are arbitrarily cut off as means of warfare. The second part also features interviews with Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, and Larry Hollingworth, UNHCR in Sarajevo, discussing the town of Vogosca which had its energy supply cut off because of a Bosnian Serb arms factory located there.
    Producer: NBC United States/English language; 15-Aug-1993, VHS
    BA076 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military
    PBS: The MacNeil/ Lehrer Newshour (news)
    August 19, 1993: Robert McNeil reports on the Geneva peace talks between Bosnia's warring factions. He states that even though the leaders of Croatia and Serbia, Franjo Tudjman and Slobodan Milosevic, were brought in to break a diplomatic dead lock, no progress has been made. There is also mention of the town of Mostar where Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Muslim forces have been fighting over the town. The report states that a UN truck has managed to bring in medical supplies to a Bosnian Croat-held section of Mostar, but was unable to get into the sealed off Bosnian Muslim quarter. The town has been cut off from the rest of the world for months, the report states.
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 19-Aug-1993, VHS
    BA077

  64. Headline News-- Sarajevo (news)
    Story of Serbian withdrawal from Mt. Igman and revenge of retreating soldiers. Skiing venue from 1984 Olympics burns in background while soldiers play cards. Many military personnel present.
    Producer: WTTW-TV United States/English language; 14-Aug-1993, Beta SP
    BA078 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military
    The MacNeil/ Lehrer Newshour (news)
    Robert McNeil reports on the Geneva peace talks between Bosnia's warring factions. He states that even though the leaders of Croatia and Serbia, Franjo Tudjman and Slobodan Milosevic, were brought in to break a diplomatic dead lock, no progress has been made. There is also mention of the town of Mostar where Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Muslim forces have been fighting over the town. The report states that a UN truck has managed to bring in medical supplies to a Bosnian Croat-held section of Mostar, but was unable to get into the sealed off Bosnian Muslim quarter. The town has been cut off from the rest of the world for months, the report states
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 19-Aug-1993, Beta SP
    BA079
    Help Croatia (TV spot) (television program)
    Croatian language, Beta SP

  65. A Legacy of Genocide: The Serbian Death Squads! (propaganda film)
    English language narrated by Martin Sheen. Re: Serbian terrorism in Croatia. First ten minutes is historical, WW II to present. Some very graphic and gruesome footage contained in second ten minutes.
    Producer: Frank Kolarek Films, New York United States/English language, Beta SP
    Help Croatia (TV spot) (propaganda film)
    30" spot taken from tape BA081
    Croatian language, Beta SP
    BA082

  66. Sloba & Mira (documentary film)
    Portrait of Slobodan Milosevic and Mira Markovic, Serbian leader and his powerful wife by Phil Rees, investigative journalist and narrator. The film analyzes the following:
    - their lives in Pozarevac, Serbia, where they first met
    - the character of Milosevic and Markovic, through interviews with friends and acquaintances
    - their relationship while students in Belgrade
    - Markovic's past and character
    - chronology of Milosevic's rise through the ranks of the Communist Party under the wing of his mentor and friend Ivan Stambolic.
    - Milosevic's initial trip to Kosovo Polje in April1987 and rise to power
    - Kosovo autonomy revoked in 1989
    - Markovic's political party JUL and her influence on Milosevic
    - regional elections in 1997 (?) and the months of protests in Belgrade and their effect on the Zajedno coalition.
    -how Milosevic maintains power through the continuing external crises: the wars of the former Yugoslavia, the Dayton Peace Agreement, and the NATO bombing.
    Interviews with: Dusan Mitevic, former Director of TV Belgrade, Ivan Stambolic, former President of Serbia, Slavko »uruvija, slain journalist and newspaper editor, Seska Stanojlovic, former high school colleague in Pozarevac, Nebojsa Popov, Communist Party Member and Belgrade University colleague, Miroslav Solevic, Serbian Nationalist Leader, Nebojsa »ovic, former Mayor of Belgrade, Zoran Djindzic, Opposition leader and former Mayor of Belgrade, Vuk Draskovic, Opposition leader and former Deputy Prime Minister, Milo Djukanovic, President of Montenegro, and Bishop Artemije, Serbian Orthodox Church, are featured.
    Producer: BBC2 United Kingdom/English language, VHS
    BA801

  67. Slavonski Brod (raw footage)
    Dr. Kresimir Raguz and Dr. Darko Kraljic, natives of Slavonski Brod, record the bombings and the resulting destruction of the infrastructure of Slavonski Brod. They also document various surgeries conducted on injured civilians in Bosanski Brod. This tape contains pictures of gruesome war injuries. Footage available of: patients being housed in the basement of the hospital, bodies of dead children, and extensive pictures of war surgeries.
    Croatia/Croatian language; 1992, Beta SP
    BA083

  68. ABC Good Morning America: Evening Edition (news)
    Interview with Sonia Hagel, nurse at Century City Hospital from Los Angeles re: sick in Bosnia and Croatia and her attempts to transfer the most difficult cases to USA for treatment.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 24-Aug-1993, Beta SP
    BA084 • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  69. Phil Alden Robinson: Sarajevo Diary (news)
    Phil Alden Robinson, director of "Field of Dreams" and "Sneakers," was invited to Bosnia by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. He joined a Danish convoy from Metkovic, in southern Croatia, traveled to Vitez and then to Sarajevo. He tells of the daily newspaper Oslobodjenje which has not missed a day of publishing despite the siege. He also tells of the anti-war musical "Hair," performed daily, and how the residents of Sarajevo risk their lives to attend this theater production. An interview with Phil Alden Robinson is also featured in the second half of the program.
    Producer: ABC - Nightline: United States/English language; 17-Dec-1992, Beta SP

  70. War Crimes (report)
    This report documents two war crimes which have occurred in Croatia and which are being investigated by the IWCT. So far 3500 people have been killed in 20 separate atrocities, the report states. The analysis begins with detailing a mass execution of 24 Serbs from the Gospic area by Croat soldiers. After their snow covered bodies were found near the frontlines, autopsies were done by army pathologist Dr. Zoran Stankovic. Croatia's government acknowledged the killings, but claimed it was conducted by renegade soldiers. The report shows pre-war pictures of several killed Serbs, focusing on Gospic deputy prosecutor Djordje Kalen and his wife Mirjana. Their two sons, Bosko and Drasko, are interviewed stating they cannot comprehend that fellow town folk murdered their parents. Also show is a pre-war picture of company lawyer Stank Smiljanic, whose wife Milica gives a statement. A statement is made by Dr. Zoran Stankovic. Footage of the burned bodies is available, as well as amateur footage of a Serb soldier who found the bodies near the frontline. The second part of the report details the war crime at Luvas, Croatia where 50 Croat men were forced to walk over a minefield by Serb forces (what forces?). The bodies of the18 men who were killed are presumed to be buried along with 122 other villagers, allegedly killed by the Serb, in a mass grave near the Catholic cemetery. Two men, Stefan Peulic and Ivica Filic (sp) survived. Stefan Peulic was badly wounded after stepping on a mine. Ivica Filic logged names of 67 friends and neighbors he helped bury. The report then explains that those names are all input into a UN database, where they will be used in the trials of war criminals. Ljubljana, Slovenia has been chosen as the first choice where the Tribunal trials can be conducted, but a definite date could not be set while the war is in progress.
    Producer: ITN United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA088 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  71. Victims of War (Bosnia) (report)
    Excerpts from broadcast television accounts of violations of international humanitarian law in the former Yugoslavia. Professor Bassiouni gives introduction. Excerpts from various tapes, showing excellent overview of conflict, including interviews with survivors and witnesses of massacres, camps, excavation of mass grave sites, refugees, Arkan and his troops in action.
    Producer: Diane DeRe United States/English language; 26-May-1993, Beta SP
    • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  72. Victims of War (Bosnia) (report)
    Edited version of Prof. Bassiouni's tape (OSA #71)
    Producer: Diane DeRe United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA090 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  73. Help Croatia: What is Croatia, Anyway? (documentary film)
    Somewhat historical. Short clips of devastation, refugees fleeing en masse, bodies, etc. Footage from: Dubrovnik (ITN), Vuk Draskovic, Slobodan Milosevic, Slovenian delegation leading the 14th Congress of the Communist Party,
    English language, Beta SP
    BA091

  74. Women's Commission Delegation to Croatia (interview)
    American woman visits Interview with women living in old German railway cars in Croatia. Some accounts of atrocities committed against family or friends. Potential witnesses present. People living in. Gasinci refugee camp. German and Holland Red Cross provided housing for people who used to live in tents. Interviews.
    English language, Beta SP
    German language

  75. The Statements of Daniel Shifer & Aliya Cutthroat (press conference)
    Daniel Shifer, philosopher/humanist from Milan, speaks of Serb frustrations in liberating prisoners and wanting peace, but Muslims and Croats are not cooperating. Aliya Selimagic, a Bosnian Muslim soldier, tells of slaughtering and raping many civilians under orders.
    Producer: Slobodan Stevanovic English language, Beta SP
    BA093 • Rape • Prison Camps

  76. SOS Sarajevo (documentary film)
    First 19 minutes, about the city's origin and history up to brilliance & pride of 1984 Olympics. Then the war came unexpectedly in April 1992. Footage of cultural and civil destruction.
    Bosnian language/Subtitles: English, Beta SP
    BA094 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing

  77. Destruction of Human Traces (documentary film)
    This program focuses on cultural destruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina and, in particular, the Muslim heritage, structure and monuments. Destruction of mosques and other buildings in Sarajevo is shown, as well as prewar images of Sarajevo. Footage from the town of Foca also included, showing civilian houses burning, destroyed buildings, and several mosques prior to their destruction. Footage from other Bosnian towns, such as Mostar, Zvornik and Bijeljina are also included. Images from TV BiH and HTV are used. Images of civilians fleeing are also shown. Very nice pre-war shots of Sarajevo. Shots of Sarajevo before and during the war. 00:16:30:06 - Minaret in Foca being fired at (HTV), shots after explosion; shots of burning villages
    Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language, Beta SP
    BA095 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  78. One Woman's Sarajevo (news)
    In this report, Phil Alden Robinson, an American filmmaker, tours Sarajevo with Ferida Durakovic, a children's author and a poet. Ferida talks about how the war has changed her life and reflects on her pre-war lifestyle. Ferida talks about a concert hall where a children's play, based on her story, was staged before the war, now destroyed by Serb pounding. She describes how she feels about the destruction of the National Library, how she overcame the fear of being shot, how Sarajevans gather food and water, and how she does her laundry, as well as maintaining her hygiene without electricity and water. Ferida also talks of death being so "undignified and ugly" in Sarajevo.
    Producer: ABC - Nightline United States/English language; 27-Sep-1993, Beta SP
    BA096 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military

  79. Mass Grave at Ovcara (documentary film)
    Snippet of footage taken near Vukovar and the mass grave at Ovcara. (At the beginning also contains OSA #78.)
    (No dialogue) language, Beta SP
    German language

  80. Urbicide: A Sarajevo Diary (report)
    Bill Tribe, a British professor, who taught at the University for 26 years, returns to Sarajevo after an absence of 4 months to see how its people live under the siege, meanwhile trying to rescue his family, especially his son-in-law. Tribe brings pictures of his new grandson to his son-in-law, Samir, who has not seen his wife since she was evacuated to England at the beginning of the war. Tribe tells of Nikola Koljevic, a former colleague of his who became a high-ranking Bosnian Serb nationalist, as well as how he sought out medical attention from Radovan Karadzic, a practicing psychiatrist at the time. He recalls the initial shots of the war fired on April 5 when hundreds of Sarajevans gathered to protest against the proposal by the Serbian Democratic Party to partition the country, and the Miskina Street massacre, among other events.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA098 • Destruction Civilian Property

  81. Bloody Bosnia: The Essential Guide (documentary film)
    Several scholars and experts from Britain, some of them of Yugoslavian descent, provide brief comments and opinions related to the history of the former Yugoslavia and its peoples: Serbs, Croats, and Muslims. Scholars include: Stevan Pavlowitch (University of South Hampton), Noel Malcolm (Daily Telegraph), Chris Cviic (Royal Institute of International Affairs), Zoran Pajic (Universities of Sarajevo and Essex), Mark Wheeler (School of Slavonic and East European Studies), and Bojan Bujic (University of Oxford). Archival images and footage are shown, including drawings of historical events accompanying the commentaries.
    United Kingdom/English language; 1993, Beta SP
    BA099 • Ethnic Cleansing

  82. Bloody Bosnia - Opinions: George Soros (interview)
    George Soros, President of the Open Society Foundation, speaks about the situation in Sarajevo and other so-called "Safe Areas" in Bosnia, as well as the current activities of his foundation in Sarajevo. Mr. Soros warns of a human catastrophe of devastating magnitude in Bosnia. He also explains implications of the West's failure to intervene in Bosnia, offering reasons for an intervention. Mr. Soros explains the doctrine of ethnic state, dangers associated with it and the role that "open societies" should play to prevent these dangers. He also assesses the situation of Eastern Europe after the collapse of Communism and the Soviet Empire, including his own policy recommendations.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    Partially English language

  83. Bloody Bosnia - Opinions: Dusan Makavejev (interview)
    Dusan Makavejev, a filmmaker and citizen of the "leftovers of the former Yugoslavia," provides his perspective on the war in his country. Makavejev speaks of love, life, death and the loss of a common future for people in the former Yugoslavia. Makavejev describes warlords, seen ruling regions throughout the former Yugoslavia, and compares them with Tito and his style of authority. Makavejev explains nationalist forces by using analogy of characters from "Cat People," a Hollywood film produced in the 1940s. Excerpts from patriotic video spots produced by Croatian Television and documentaries such as, "Greetings from Croatia," "Serbian Epics," and "The War" are also included.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA101• Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military

  84. True Stories: The Unforgiving (documentary film)
    This program features parents searching for their dead children, refugee camps, tales of rape and general maltreatment. The stories told are divided into four segments. Part one focuses on the story of Desa and Ilja, a middle-aged couple in search of their young son who was murdered. Part two focuses on a refugee camp in Zagreb where 600,000 Muslims and Croats have fled, interviewing them about what they endured. Muslim and Croat women tell of beatings, rape, and torture by Serbian soldiers in Bosnia. Part three features historical footage and more graphic accounts of atrocities. In Part four troops return from battle. Graphic footage is shown throughout the film.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language, VHS
    BA102 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  85. War Eats the Soul/Krieg essen Seele auf (documentary film)
    Sarajevo under siege is the central focus of this broadcast, with specific emphasis on the psychological damage caused by war. People are shown in mental hospitals and interviews are held with psychiatrists. A montage of images showing Sarajevo burning and being bombed is featured, as well as Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, filmed in the hills above Sarajevo commending soldiers with artillery and rifle scopes set on Sarajevo. Among the people shown, some suffer from severe psychological damage from the war, ranging from soldiers off the front line to working professionals and civilians of all ages. Bomb shelter footage is also shown, showing the effects of prolonged time spent there.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 6-Oct-1992, VHS
    One Hundred Days of Milan Pavic/Die hundert Tage des Milan Panic (documentary film)
    No description available.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 3-Nov-1992, VHS
    BA023
    Raped!/Vergewaltigt! (documentary film)
    This broadcast reports on rape as a strategic and methodical tactic of war in the former Yugoslavia and its effect on Muslim women, the main victims of this type of war crime in Bosnia. The gynecological clinic in Zenica is focused on, highlighting its role as a center for the termination of unwanted pregnancies due to rape in the surrounding regions. Doctors from the clinic, rape victims, and Imams are all interviewed, showing the effect of rape on the Bosnian society, and, specifically, the Bosnian Muslim views on rape and abortion. The victims featured range from young to old and are almost entirely Muslim.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 1-Dec-1992, VHS
    BA089 • Rape
    Brothers Now Enemies/Verfeindete Bruder (documentary film)
    The report focuses on a newly-independent Slovenia and its attempts to join Europe. The report analyzes the political situation of Slovenia after its independence from Yugoslavia. It particularly analyzes the numerous political parties. The question of the 60,000 refugees is addressed, as well as the fishing rights and Kopar harbor dispute between Slovenia and Croatia. Interviewed are the new leaders of Slovene public life. Bozo Kovac, chief editor of the daily "Republika", talks about freedom of the press and occasional political pressure. He further states that Slovenia must privatize herself in order to attract foreign capital. Rade Serbedzija, a Serb actor born in Croatia, chose Slovenia as his new home. He talks about being politically haunted in Serbia and Croatia to the point of his life being threatened. He explains that Slovenia successfully escaped from the Balkan hell. Zmago Jelincic, leader of the Slovenian National Party discusses the need for Slovenia to be ethnically clean. He compares Slovenia to Austria which, as he states, has had a policy of extricating foreigners. Wife of Momir Kandic, a Slovene, talks about her husband who was forced to leave Slovenia for four years because he refused to give up his Serbian citizenship. Milan Kucan, President of Slovenia, reflects on the Kucan case, stating that the law required everyone in the JNA [Yugoslav army] to leave their positions and renounce their Serbian citizenship in order to remain Slovenian citizens. Kucan gives an optimistic account about Slovenia's future. He sees the need for Slovenia's political parties to work together on taking care of solvable problems in the economy and society. He states that companies have to restructure themselves if they want to participate in the world market. The leader of the Styria Christian Democrats talks about the desire of the Styria Province to separate themselves economically from Slovenia. Remaining footage shows: Slovenia dailies and "Republika" publishing agency, refugees in Slovenia, meeting between Franjo Tudjman (Croatia's president) and Milan Kucan (Slovenia's president, people gathering in the street around the Slovenian National Party booth, Momir Kandic family, and commercials for the Liberal Democratic Party and the Slovenian National Party.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 1-Dec-1992, VHS
    BA108
    The Challenge/Die Herausforderung (documentary film)
    Report discusses upcoming elections in Serbia (1993). The focus lies on the Serbian opposition, in particular on Vuk Draskovic, leader of DEPOS (coalition of Serbian opposition parties), and his election campaign in Southern Serbia. Report shows the broad support Draskovic has throughout Serbia, even though a protest of Milosevic supporters is staged at the Grdelica [village] meeting. Several interviews are conducted with supporters of Draskovic. Dragan Stojanovic, a farmer in the impoverished Dadince village, gives an account that Milosevic made numerous promises which were not fulfilled. He states that life in Dadince has always been hard, but it has gotten worse in the post-Tito era. Stojanovic talks about the Milosevic propaganda system responsible for the spreading of rumors that Draskovic is a thief. He gives an account how teachers are distributing posters to their students in support of Milosevic which they are to hold up during a rally. He also talks about the information blockade and the Tito-era has made people very skeptic towards politicians. The report then talks about the life in Bosiljegrad, a town with a large Bulgarian minority, where unemployment in is very high, and people are generally afraid of Milosevic. An unidentified man states that there is no future for young people, even those that are educated. Another unidentified man states that the war is eating up all the money and wrecking the economy. He further says that there are generally no incentives for investment and a feeling of general hopelessness presides over the future. Vuk Draskovic is briefly interviewed towards the end of the report. He talks about his expectations for the new year, hoping it will bring about prosperity and a dialogue between Yugoslavia's former republics. Footage of Draskovic support among the people is presented, as well as Draskovic lighting candles in the Grdelica church and having a snowball fight. There is also footage of the impoverished village life in Dadince.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 15-Dec-1992, VHS
    BA109
    Survival is All/Uberleben ist alles (documentary film)
    No description available
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 2-Feb-1993, VHS
    BA125 (?)
    A New Start/Neuer Anlauf (documentary film)
    Report discusses upcoming elections in Serbia (1993). The focus lies on the Serbian opposition, in particular on Vuk Draskovic, leader of DEPOS (coalition of Serbian opposition parties), and his election campaign in Southern Serbia. Report shows the broad support Draskovic has throughout Serbia, even though a protest of Milosevic supporters is staged at the Grdelica [village] meeting. Several interviews are conducted with supporters of Draskovic. Dragan Stojanovic, a farmer in the impoverished Dadince village, gives an account that Milosevic made numerous promises which were not fulfilled. He states that life in Dadince has always been hard, but it has gotten worse in the post-Tito era. Stojanovic talks about the Milosevic propaganda system responsible for the spreading of rumors that Draskovic is a thief. He gives an account how teachers are distributing posters to their students in support of Milosevic which they are to hold up during a rally. He also talks about the information blockade and the Tito-era has made people very skeptic towards politicians. The report then talks about the life in Bosiljegrad, a town with a large Bulgarian minority, where unemployment in is very high, and people are generally afraid of Milosevic. An unidentified man states that there is no future for young people, even those that are educated. Another unidentified man states that the war is eating up all the money and wrecking the economy. He further says that there are generally no incentives for investment and a feeling of general hopelessness presides over the future. Vuk Draskovic is briefly interviewed towards the end of the report. He talks about his expectations for the new year, hoping it will bring about prosperity and a dialogue between Yugoslavia's former republics. Footage of Draskovic support among the people is presented, as well as Draskovic lighting candles in the Grdelica church and having a snowball fight. There is also footage of the impoverished village life in Dadince.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 16-Feb-1993, VHS
    BA126
    Democracy in the War/Demokratie im Krieg (documentary film)
    Report talks about the freedom of speech in Croatian media. There is plethora of newspapers which all serve various interests. Many journalists were fired after the HDZ (ruling party in Croatia) came to power; their colleagues suspect it was because they were former communists. The report also talks about the HDZ loosing power to new opposition parties which serve various interest groups. Opposition parties are very small, they generally serve various interest groups, and are in constant disagreements. Croatia is experiencing deep economic divisions and many minorities fear Croatian nationalism. The question of the personal ID and minority discrimination is also discussed. The economy is further burdened by the 700.000 Bosnian refugees. Interviews are conducted with Franjo Tudjman, Drazen Budisa, Marinko Bozic, Ruza Jokic, Milan Djukic, and several other civilians. Franjo Tudjman, Croatia's president, states that many newspapers criticize his and his party, but that nothing happens to the journalists. He states that the people who write those articles are journalists who used to work for the old communist newspapers. Marinko Bozic, a journalist, states that Croatian TV is heavily censored. Bozic also notes that TV has helped HDZ get into power and win the election. Furthermore, this TV censorship has damaged Croatia's image in the world, Bozic explains. Several passerby are interviewed, giving brief options about Croatia. Overall, they state that the political structure has changed, Croatia is working towards democracy, and on a road to success. Drazen Budisa, member of the Croat Social Liberal Party states that the HDZ is not what it used to be and that people are showing support for other parties. Ruza Jokic, a Serb by nationality, gives an account of having her Croat citizenship taken away without any explanation. She talks about the difficulty of not having ID papers. Milan Djukic, member of the Serbian Democratic Party, explains the question of minority discrimination in acquiring personal ID papers. He states that it is not the government who discriminates, but that low-ranking clerks use their position to discriminate against minorities. He believes that this must end as Croatia's goal is not creating a state of terror, but that of democracy. Footage of Bosnian refugees, streets of Zagreb, people waiting in line, Zagreb newsstands and a cabaret performance are available.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 30-Mar-1993, VHS
    BA130 • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    A Year at War/Ein Jahr im Krieg (documentary film)
    Report talks about living conditions in Sarajevo one year after the war. It contains very strong footage of human suffering endured in Sarajevo. The UN is shown to be ineffective in helping the people because they are forced to spend more time defending themselves then delivering aid. Extensive footage of the war tragedy is available. The report shows wounded and killed childredn in hospitals, people collecting branches to warm themselves, people cooking outside, Muslim women fighters, a secret amunition fabric, and individuals running through the streets.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 6-Apr-1993, VHS
    BA143
    Easter Greetings from Pakrac/Ostergrusse aus Pakrac (documentary film)
    This report outlines the efforts to rebuild the town of Pakrac after the end of the war in Croatia. Pakrac's ethnic composition of Serbs and Croats is outlined, citing how UN officials managed to establish a dialogue between both sides, allowing for some 4,000 refugees to return to their homes. UN Project Leader Dr. Michael Platzer is interviewed about the project, emphasizing that mutual distrust must be done away with. He also states the UN's readiness in assisting local people to rebuild their homes and that all that is needed is a firm political agreement allowing refugees to return. The report explains that during the war, Croat forces managed to ethnically cleanse 170 Serb villages in Western Slavonija. In his interview, Veljko Dzakula of the Serbian Regional Counsel, explains that the primary goal is for all people to be able to return to their homes. He further states that war criminals need to be removed out of Pakrac and West Slavonija in general. Finally, a political dialogue needs to be established between all the people living in Pakrac. However, he states, this dialogue must happen outside of the state because there have been no guarantees that Serbs could live safely in Croatia. The report then shows a wedding of Serbs guest workers in Pakrac. Next interviewed is Franjo Sirac , Croat vice-mayor of Pakrac, who explains that Pakrac was a cultural center before the war, and that during the war 90% of the infrastructure was destroyed. He states that it was destroyed by the Serb army who wanted Pakrac to be the capital of the Western Krajina. The report gives a detailed analysis of all the reconstruction going on in Pakrac. As stated in the report, few civilians have the finances necessary to rebuild their homes; the reconstruction of public buildings, such as the local fire station, middle school, and train station is financially backed by the UN. One of the construction foremen interviewed outlines the local's goal to rebuild every building in Pakrac, but that the priority is to rebuild schools, nurseries, and the hospital. The report states that reconstruction of the town would be significantly faster if more financial backing was available. Other footage included: destroyed houses and public buildings in Pakrac, pictures of the residents, destroyed hospital rooms, people stacking building blocks, and a destroyed apartment building.
    Producer: ORF Germany/German language; 6-Apr-1993, VHS
    BA149

  86. True Stories - The Unforgiving (report)
    This program features parents searching for their dead children, refugee camps, tales of rape and general maltreatment. The stories told are divided into four segments. Part one focuses on the story of Desa and Ilja, a middle-aged couple in search of their young son who was murdered. Part two focuses on a refugee camp in Zagreb where 600,000 Muslims and Croats have fled, interviewing them about what they endured. Muslim and Croat women tell of beatings, rape, and torture by Serbian soldiers in Bosnia. Part three features historical footage and more graphic accounts of atrocities. In Part four troops return from battle. Graphic footage is shown throughout the film.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA102

  87. A Very Rough Guide to Sarajevo (report)
    This program shows how the residents of Sarajevo survive in the besieged city without electricity, water, or food. The program features travel tips for those who might find themselves on their way to Sarajevo. The residents explain how to get around town safely, how to save water, how to do your own home brewing, how to get to the theater on time, how to profit from the war, the new cuisine of Sarajevo, how to save electricity, and alternative forms of medicine.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    Refugee Stories - Rada Kovacevic (report)
    This report focuses on the story of Rada Kovacevic, a Bosnian Serb refugee living in London. Her husband, Zoran, and she, both Serbs, were childhood sweethearts from the same village. They were married at age 18. Rada's husband and children were murdered. The murder was allegedly committed by the Muslim "black shirts" from the neighboring village. Rada Kovacevic could no longer stay in Bosnia and fled to London, hoping she'd be able to meet with her brother in New York, but could not get a visa to go to the US. Rada reflects on her life as hopeless because her husband and children were murdered.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA104

  88. Refugee Stories - Muhamed Filipovic (report)
    This tape contains two refugee stories and a WGN report. The first one is told by Muhamed, a Bosnian Muslim, who describes how the war ruptured an extensive friendship between him and his Bosnian Serb friend Vinko Kondic . Mohammed explains that both him and his Bosnian Muslim friend Omer were taken to Manjaca camp by their Bosnian Serb friend. He states his friend Omer suffered regular beatings and was eventually killed at the camp. Mohammed states that Vinko visited the camp and knew what was happening to Omer. The second refugee story is told by Veljko Gavric, a Bosnian Serb married to a Bosnian Croat woman. He talks about leaving Sarajevo with his family knowing that they will not be able to go back again. While watching the news, he saw his apartment building burn. He also talks about his daughter Ivana and her gift for music, and how the family has adjusted to life in England. Footage of a burning apartment building in Sarajevo, and photos of Gavric family. The WGN report briefly states that De Paul University students are assisting law professor Cherif Bassiouni in tracking war crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia. The evidence will be presented to the UN for the use in the Hague Tribunal.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA105 • Prison Camps • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    Refugee Stories - Veljko Gavric (report)
    This refugee story is told by Veljko Gavric, a Bosnian Serb married to a Bosnian Croat woman. He talks about leaving Sarajevo with his family and the knowledge that they will not be able to go back again. He also talks about his daughter Ivana and her gift for music, and how the family has adjusted to life in England. Footage available: a burning apartment building in Sarajevo, and family photos of Ivana's birthdays.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA106 • Destruction Civilian Property
    DePaul's Efforts (report)
    A brief discussion of De Paul's IHRLI project and its continuing efforts in dealing with the crisis in the former Yugoslavia.
    Producer: WGN-TV Chicago News United States/English language; 30-Aug-1993, Beta SP
    BA107

  89. Valley of Tears (documentary film)
    Conflict in Yugoslavia seen as a religious war, with systematic destruction of sacral objects. Catholic priests, nuns and civilian victims from Mostar surroundings interviewed. This tape is a very emotional and religious piece but with some interesting military images.
    United States/English language, Beta SP
    Latvian language

  90. Public Service Commercials for Peace in Bosnia (documentary film)
    4 Public Service Commercials for Peace in Bosnia
    Producer: Caritas of Birmingham, Alabama United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA111

  91. The Sarajevo Syndrome (news)
    The broadcast focuses on the psychological effects of war on Sarajevo's children. Through the children's drawings depicting the war, the reporter shows how the children react to the daily trauma of the war. Children are also shown playing war games and doing chores alongside their families, such as obtaining water daily. The latter portion of the broadcast discusses dissension within US State Department regarding the Balkans, showing former State Department workers criticizing their former senior officials. The report shows a contrast between the official line and actual events taking place in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 27-Sep-1993, Beta SP
    BA112 • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  92. The Atrocity Hunter (documentary film)
    Chicago TV station interviews Professor Bassiouni and how he is collecting evidence to prove war crimes were committed. War room at IHRLI seen, w/some scenes from war intercut throughout interview.
    Producer: WTTW United States/English language; 27-Jan-1994, Beta SP
    English subtitles

  93. Disappearing World: We Are All Neighbors (documentary film)
    This program explains the relationships between Muslim and Catholic/Croat families changed when war came to their village near Kiseljak, Bosnia, where they used to coexist peacefully. At first, Muslims were united with Croats in defense of their village against the Serb aggression. The program then shows how the increasing nationalism fueled Catholics/Croats to turn against Muslims. This program examines the effect of this conflict on human relationships, on families and friendships. It shows how families became divided and neighbors became enemies. Images shown include men on the frontlines, women praying in a mosque, Kiseljak under Croat control and people fleeing.
    Producer: Channel 4, Granada TV United Kingdom/English language; Jan-1993, Beta SP
    BA114 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  94. Diplomacy and Deceit (news)
    This program examines how the Western allies failed to bring an end to the war in the Balkans. Diplomatic efforts, including the London Conference, Lord Carrington's proposal and the failure of the Vance/ Owen plan, are discussed by major political figures who were involved. "The Western peace emissaries discovered that the old communist mentality and apparatus live on in the former Yugoslavia and that deception has a pivotal role, thus they misread the aims and the tactics of Balkan politicians." Images shown: Vukovar, Dubrovnik (ITN), Sarajevo, Gorazde, Trnopolje, Bosanski Brod, Mladic, destroyed mosques, Knin, Srebrenica, Ahmici, Milosevic and Tudjman having a drink together.
    Producer: ITN Channel 4 News United Kingdom/English language; 2-Aug-1993, Beta SP
    Partially bad quality recording

  95. Bloody Bosnia: The Roots of War (documentary film)
    This documentary presents an overview of events in former Yugoslavia that led to the outbreak of war. From political maneuvering by Serbian politicians within the Yugoslav federation, to the ultimate secession of Slovenia and Croatia, the steps to war are retraced. The program explores the historical events that led to the formation of Yugoslavia, including archival footage from both the pre-WW I and WW II eras (same footage is seen in tape 287). Tito's unique formation of Yugoslavia is focused on, showing how nationalism rose in the wake of his death, beginning with events in Kosovo and Slovenia. The breakdown of the Yugoslav federation is then detailed step by step, featuring interviews with the leading politicians from Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Kosovo recalling the events. The documentary shows how Milosevic revoked Kosovo's autonomy and the subsequent protests and strikes that followed. Slovenia's bid for independence shortly thereafter is then highlighted, detailing the Yugoslav federal authority's failed attempt to prevent secession by use of the JNA. Political and social conditions of the republics are chronicled from around the time war breaks.
    Director: Christophe Talczewski; Producer: Point du Jour/FR3 France/English language; 2-Aug-1993, Beta SP
    Partially bad quality recording

  96. Sarajevo Ground Zero (Part 1) (documentary film)
    This program offers insights into the different aspects of life in the besieged city of Sarajevo. Excerpts from several films produced by SAGA, a Sarajevo production company producing films about the siege of Sarajevo, are shown. Interviews with Ademir Kenovic (SAGA director), Hrvoje Batinic (Open Society Fund), John Burns (NY Times correspondent), Fred Cuny (Intertect, humanitarian aid consultant), Zdravko Grebo (Radio Zid), Tony Borden (Balkan War Report), Susan Sontag (author) and Zlatko Lavanic (film director), all provide individual perspectives on the siege of Sarajevo and the war.
    Producer: WNET, New York: Rights & Wrongs United States/English language; 3-Nov-1993, Beta SP
    BA118 • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing

  97. Sarajevo Ground Zero (Part 2) (documentary film)
    This program emphasizes the multi-ethnic and multicultural character of Sarajevo and the efforts to defend it, in spite of the war. Excerpts from documentary films, promotional videos for the city's defenders and music clips produced by SAGA are included. Excerpts from a production of "Waiting for Godot," directed by American author Susan Sontag, are shown. Statements by Nedzad Begovic (film director), Ivica Puljic (journalist), Tony Borden, Hrvoje Batinic, Fred Cuny (Intertect), Mirza Idrizovic (film director), Ademir Kenovic, Francois Luner (film director), Abdulah Sidran (Bosnian poet), John Burns and Susan Sontag are also included.
    Producer: WNET, New York: Rights & Wrongs United States/English language; 10-Nov-1993, Beta SP
    BA119 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military

  98. Vinkovci War Diary (documentary film)
    The destruction of the town of Vinkovci. A Croatian TV production tracing the history of the shelling in and around Vinkovci through fourteen cease-fires from July 1991, to New Year's 1992. Much civil and cultural destruction. Destruction of hospital shown, the pediatric ward a favorite target of snipers.
    Croatia/English language, Beta SP
    BA120 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  99. Wounded Souls: Women of Bosnia--Herzegovina (documentary film)
    This film produced by the Islamic Relief organization focuses on Bosnian Muslim women. The role and character of Muslim women in Bosnia are both explored, including the ways the war has changed their lives. The report states that the Bosnian Muslim woman became a target for abuse because to hurt a woman represents the greatest injury in Muslim culture. The emotional scarring left behind by rape is highlighted through. It is explained that Bosnia is the only place where Islam, Christianity, and Catholicism are highly intertwined. The first couple days and months of the war are described as having been the worst for the Bosnian Muslim and Croat population. The Bosnian Muslim population is explained to have suffered by being reduced to refugee camps, after living a life of wealth where they owned houses and numerous livestock. Statements are made by four women, all with their identities sealed, telling of direct rape and abuse. The first woman describes a drunk JNA commander entering her house and ordering her to go to the bedroom. The second woman tells of a young mother who was raped by four Chetniks. The third women describes the rape she and her 4-year-old daughter endured. The fourth woman describes being threatened with a knife and then being raped by four Bosnian Serb soldiers. The fifth woman tells of young girls being systematically raped by drunk Bosnian Serb soldiers, and a sixth woman talks about her inability to comprehend the ethnic hatred as well as being raped in a camp. Three young girls also give testimonies of how their relatives and parents were beaten by Bosnian Serb soldiers. The first girl tells of her house being destroyed by a grenade and being taken up by UNPROFOR soldiers. The second girls talks about her grandfather and her mother being beaten. The third girl talks about her father being beaten (at Ramiz Raganovic's house) and killed. A man is shown admitting to committing rape under the influence of alcohol. A Bosnian Muslim man explains that Bosnians will stand by their women regardless of what happened. Dr. Yusuf Al Qardawi, an Imam, offers insight into Islam's view on raped women. He also explains the role of the whole Islamic community in regard to helping raped women. Other footage includes: mosques in Bosnia, Bosnian Muslim women walking through a forest, civilians running from shelling, destroyed mosques, JNA planes dropping bombs, burning and destroyed buildings, the breadline massacre, women running with children, Bosnian Muslim funerals, refugees getting off trucks, a Bosnian Muslim refugee camp, Bosnian Muslim prayer service, Bosnian Serb soldiers singing, Bosnian Serb soldiers (cetniks) marching, and various scenes of destruction in Sarajevo.
    Producer: Islamic Relief Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language, Beta SP
    BA121 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  100. The Destruction of a Nation: Tragedy of Bosnia--Herzegovina (documentary film)
    This program opens and closes with a brief promo for the Islamic Relief/Mercy International that instructs where donations can be sent. The main thrust of the video is to examine the origins of the Islamic religion and culture in Bosnia-Herzegovina during the Ottoman Empire. This is accomplished using paintings and drawings. As the story progresses, it utilizes archival footage and photographs to illustrate attempts made to eliminate the Muslim population. There is a lot of discussion about resistance to an Islamic nation in Europe. Current footage includes discussion with Muslim rape victims including a story of forced incest, Muslim men suffering from severe malnutrition in prison camps, people fleeing their homes, homes and towns being destroyed, mothers crying. Discussion of a lack of support from other Islamic nations to help those Muslims still living in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    Producer: Islamic Relief Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language, Beta SP
    Latvian language

  101. Sarajevo Footage, Obunjan Refugee Camp (raw footage)
    Footage taken in Sarajevo on October 6, 1993 of mountains, street where breadline massacre occurred, stadium cemetery, property damage, camp at Obunjan (Mladost) Island.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA123 • Destruction Civilian Property • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  102. Break-Up in the Balkans (documentary film)
    Examination of the roots of the conflict, role of UN and NATO and possible solutions to end the war.
    Producer: WHMM, Washington, D.C. United States/English language; 29-Aug-1993, Beta SP
    BA124

  103. Madeleine Albright speech at the UN; Aerial shots of possible mass graves (political speech)
    - US Ambassador to the UN Madeleine Albright speaks in support of UN Resolution 101095.
    - Aerial photos of recently disturbed earth near Kasaba Konjevic Polje, Bosnia from July 1995.
    English language, Beta SP
    BA125

  104. The Eyes of Bosnia (February 1993) (interview)
    This program consists of testimonies by Bosnian Muslim survivors of ethnic cleansing and victims of rape, accompanied with statements by Alija Izetbegovic (President of Bosnia), Jakub Selimoski (head of the Islamic Community in the former Yugoslavia), an injured Bosnian soldier, Dr. Hukovic (an historian), and a local writer. Selimoski talks about the consequences of the conflict, a conflict that he defines as Serbian aggression and the destruction of Islamic cultural heritage in Bosnia. Dr. Hukovic attempts to explain the history of Islam in Bosnia and the genocide of Muslim people. Izetbegovic talks about the tradition of religious tolerance in Bosnia and his concerns that Muslims will vanish due to the war. Sfinga & Slovenia Television/ Bosna Studio.
    United Kingdom/English language, VHS
    BA127 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  105. Bodies and APC's. Korenica 52 Bodies (raw footage)
    Footage of UN soldiers walking around grass fields and sitting on tanks. Second section shows several corpses arranged next to one another on the ground outside a building.
    (No dialogue) language, Beta SP
    BA128

  106. Testimonials of Observers to the UN Conference on Human Rights - Part 1 (political speech)
    A delegation of women including representatives from the UN Conference on Human Rights in Vienna went to refugee camps in Zagreb. Speeches given. Tape 1 of 2.
    English language, Beta SP
    French language

  107. Testimonials of Observers to the UN Conference on Human Rights - Part 2 (political speech)
    A delegation of women including representatives from the UN Conference on Human Rights in Vienna went to refugee camps in Zagreb. Speeches given. Tape 2 of 2.
    English language, Beta SP
    BA129

  108. Database of War Criminals (report)
    German TV host talks about need of UN and the irony of the war in the former Yugoslavia. A reporter in Chicago goes to the war room at IHRLI where he talks about the database and speaks briefly with Professor Bassiouni.
    Germany/German language, Beta SP
    BA131

  109. Spansko Refugee Camp August 1993, Zagreb, Croatia (report)
    A delegation of six women, sponsored by the Foundation for Compassionate Society, is sent to the Spansko Refugee Camp, near Zagreb, on a fact-finding mission. The delegation interviewed women, Muslim refugees from Bosnia, who were expelled from their homes, primarily by Bosnian Serbs. Women talk about their losses, pain and suffering, their current situation in the refugee camp in Croatia, and their children's future. Resentment of Muslim refugees in Croatia is also discussed. Gregoria Rodriguez's speech in Texas about her trip to Croatia and situation of Bosnian women in refugee camps is detailed.
    English language; Aug-1993, Beta SP

  110. SA - Life Documentary Films and Video documents, Sarajevo, 1992/93 (documentary film)
    This material was shot in Sarajevo, throughout the war, by professional filmmakers, students of Sarajevo Academy of Film and Theater, and unknown amateurs. "Their mutual desire is to present the events they witnessed," write the SaGa authors. The material was produced under extremely difficult conditions, while the city was besieged and under continuous bombardment, without electric power, food, or water. Most of the works presented in this tape are works in progress. "These are pictures of love, courage, despair, and crime," write SaGa authors. "25 Years of Ignorance (1968-1992)" by Zdravko Grebo. By Hakija Hadzafic, Bojan Mulic, Sulejman Klokoci, Bogoljub Nikolic, Miso V. Dijak and Zdravko Grebo. Produced by Zid in 1992 (8 minutes). "Eight Years After" by Ademir Kenovic and Nino Zalica. Produced in July 1992 by TVBiH & SaGa (11 minutes). "I Burned Legs (Palio sam noge)" by Srdjan Vuletic. Produced in June 1992 and March 1993. By Almir Kenovic, Ismet Bektasevic, Emir Ferizovic, Daniela Gogic, Oliver Todorovic, Ahmed Imamovic, Nino Zalica, and Srdjan Vuletic. This film deals with the attrocities of war as portrayed by a film student who spends some time working as a medic. One of the duties he performed was to carry amputated limbs to the cremation furnace. This is a film about the collective madness that engulfed Sarajevo. A one-armed boy is troubled because he can't make big, firm snowballs; a man who lost both legs demonstrates walking on his stumps... The film and the director's story help us understand the commotion and tumult that have occurred in the minds of Sarajevans (11 minutes). "Shooting at the wounded at "Socijalno" Junction. Produced by TVBiH, 14 May 1992. Recorded by Muharem Osmanagic, Sulejman Eengic, and Tomo Maric. Music video follows this segment. "A Man Called Boat (Camac)" by Pjer Zalica. Produced by SaGa in July, 1992 (9 min). This documentary recounts a story of a young man who deserts the special unit of the JNA and walks the distance from Belgrade to Sarajevo hoping to join the resistance to the aggression of the very army he left and in whose fold he spent five years of his youth. He is apprehended with the threat of being killed. With the help of a friend "Boat" he escapes the military prison where he was held in captivity. On his way to Sarajevo he crosses a river on the Bosnian border, makes an incredible journey through the occupied territories before finally accomplishing his goal - coming to Sarajevo and joining the resistance. "Fasizam 1992 - Fascism in 1992" by Nedim Loncarevic, produced by TV BiH in September 1992. Film compares Serb aggression against Bosnia and Herzegovina with Nazi crimes during WWII through a plethora of both contemporary and historic images of destruction and crimes against humanity, which feature music, but no narration, in background. "Poljubac Smrti, BiH 1992 (Kiss of Death, BiH 1992)" - video clip features Bosnia's many political, military, and religious leaders shaking hands and kissing over a pop song about the first and the only true love. "Water and Blood Sarajevo 1993," produced by Saga in January 1993. "Message for my Friends (Mojim prijateljima)" by Zlatko Lavanic. Produced in February 1993 by Saga. This short film is some kind of "personal message" from director Zlatko Lavanic to his friends who left Sarajevo. This film, recorded in five shots, in subtle way shows state of mind of a person from Sarajevo, the destroyed city.
    Producer: SAGA/Globalvision & TVBiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    Shooting at the Wounded at Socijalno Junction (see tape BA134) (raw footage)
    The footage in this film was recorded on May 14, 1992. Produced by TV BiH. No dialogue. The footage shows the attack on a civilian truck and attempts by the occupants to escape. Parts of this footage are seen in many other tapes; this is original and complete footage. "Socijalno," Elektroprivreda and Vodoprivreda buildings shown burning. Benefit video/recording for Sarajevo by recording artist with a video clip at the end.
    (already logged in as a part of 134)
    Producer: SAGA/Globalvision & TVBiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA296

  111. SA - Life 2, collage of short documentary & video documents on Sarajevo 1992/93 (documentary film)
    - "My Mother the Shehit (Moja mama Sehit)" by Denis Tanovic and Dino Mustafic. Produced in 1992. A story about a boy whose mother was killed as a fighter defending Sarajevo. The boy takes a rose from the garden his mother worked on and brings it to her grave, but when he comes again - the rose is not there any more. Through the sad confession of the boy we meet the people of his environment; his grandfather, grandmother, aunt and his friends - his mothers collegues, fighters, people who bring warmth and love to the boy, in these cruel times.The film is followed by a video spot (music accompanies lyrics by Bosnian poet Aleksa Santic.16 minutes
    - "War Art" by Nedzad Begovic, produced in March 1993. 10 minutes
    Nedzad Begovic's exhibition entitled WAR ART was created by collecting various materials that have lost their primary function due to war operations. All exhibits have a "history" of their own and are the result of the destruction of Sarajevo. The author recognizes shapes in the destroyed objects and presents them as ARTE FACT, transforming the negative energy of crime into the positive vibrations of human spirituality.
    -Video montage featuring portraits of world renown pianist Ivo Pogorelic.
    - "Ponesi Zastavu," music clip celebrating commander of special MUP units, Dragan Vikic. Performed by Mladen Vojicic-Tifa.
    - "Wedding in Sarajevo (Vjencanje u Sarajevu)" by Milan Trivic, produced in August 1992, March 1993 by TVBiH/Video Press. Directed by Milan Trivic and Sasa Markanovic.
    - "Ivo and Mersad in Sarajevo (Ivo i Mersad u Sarajevu)"
    - "Travelling Children" by Nino Zalica, produced in February 1993.
    - Massacre in Vaso Miskin Street, produced by TVBiH, 27 May 1992.
    - Music clip.
    - "Sarajevo (1992)" by Mirza Idrizovic, produced by Saga and TVBiH in August 1992.
    Producer: SAGA/Globalvision, TVBiH, VideoPress Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA135
    Massacre in Vase Miskina Street (raw footage)
    No dialogue. Date of incident is 5/27/92. [Very Graphic Footage] Immediate aftermath of mortar attack on busy street, with many civilian victims. Wounded are loaded into autos and any other available vehicles. Parts of this footage are seen in many other tapes; this is original and complete footage.
    (already logged in as a part of 135)
    Producer: TVBiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/(No dialogue) language, Beta SP
    BA292

  112. SA - Life 3, collage of short documentary and video documents on Sarajevo, 1992/93 (documentary film)
    - Short film: "Dessine Moi..." by Francois Lunel; produced in March 1993. Scenes from a Sarajevo hospital, intertwined with images of shelling of Sarajevo. Focus on injured children. By Almir Kenovic, Pjer Zalica, Francois Lunel. (5 minutes)
    - Music video: "Vojnik Srece" (Soldier of Fortune): video about the Republic of BiH MUP (Ministry of Interior) Special forces, produced in August 1992. 5 minutes.
    - "Confessions of a Monster" by Ademir Kenovic & Ismet Arnautalic; produced in November, 1992. I“Confessions Of A Monster” is a documentary film made in the fall of 1992 in a military prison in Sarajevo, where a group of journalists, including John Barnes of the New York Times, were introduced to Borislav Herak, a young man in JNA uniform, and the first person in fifty years to be charged with the crime of genocide. His confessions, full of intricate details, are almost unfathomable to the normal human mind painting a striking picture of the atrocities committed inBosnia and usually classsified by the press using that specially coined phrase “ethnic cleansing”.
    By Pjer Zalica, Almir Kenovic, Nino Zalica, Mirsad Herovic, Ismet Arnautalic, and Ademir Kenovic. 29 minutes.
    - "When Something Terrible Happens People Don't Wake Up" by Srdjan Vuletic, produced in April 1993.
    Producer: SAGA/Globalvision & TVBiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP

  113. Getting Away With Murder (report)
    This report looks into crimes committed by Bosnian Serbs against Bosnian Muslims in Foca. Also featured, is a political discourse between the US and British governments over their involvement in bringing war criminals from the former Yugoslavia to justice. Two Muslim women describe how they were raped in Foca. Statements are also included from Dzevad Loho (former Mayor of Foca), Cherif Bassiouni (UN Commission of Experts), Slobodan Milosevic (President of Serbia), Petar Cancar (Mayor of Foca), Velibor Ostojic (Minister of Information in the Republika Srpska), Madeleine Albright (US Delegate to the UN), John Fox (US State Department), Lawrence Eagleburger (former Secretary of State), Michael Scharf, (US State Department), William Fenrick (UN Commission of Experts), and Zeljko Raznjatovic, "Arkan," (Serbian paramilitary leader).
    Producer: BBC Panorama United Kingdom/English language; 13-Dec-1993, Beta SP
    Bad quality
    Victims of War in the Former Yugoslavia (report)
    Edited version of Prof. Bassiouni's tape.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA090 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  114. Aggression on the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992-93 - Part 1/Agresija na Republiku Bosnu i Hercegovinu 1992--93, deo 1 (documentary film)
    This program gives a historical background and a visual account of the destruction of Bosnia's cities, cultural heritage and people. The ethnic make-up of Bosnia is discussed, as well as a medley of TV reports that contain graphic scenes of massacres. Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, is shown speaking in the Bosnian Parliament (October 1991). A BBC report from the Zvornik area details the expulsion of the Muslims by the Serbs. Sky News reports from Sarajevo during heavy pounding, including audio of Ratko Mladic, Bosnian Serb General, ordering the shelling of Sarajevo. Also featured are numerous massacres in Sarajevo, the physical destruction of Bosnian towns (Mostar, Foca, Gorazde), injured and murdered children, YUTEL footage of demonstrations in Sarajevo, JNA jets flying over Sarajevo, Arkan's paramilitary unit, the "Tigers," in Erdut, Karadzic on the hills above Sarajevo, movement of JNA trucks, and scenes from the Trnopolje and Manjaca prison camps.
    Producer: TV BIH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA138 • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  115. Aggression on the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992-93 - Part 2/Agresija na Republiku Bosnu i Hercegovinu 1992--93, deo 2 (documentary film)
    This program gives a historical background and a visual account of the destruction of Bosnia's cities, cultural heritage and people. The ethnic make-up of Bosnia is discussed, as well as a medley of TV reports that contain graphic scenes of massacres. Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, is shown speaking in the Bosnian Parliament (October 1991). A BBC report from the Zvornik area details the expulsion of the Muslims by the Serbs. Sky News reports from Sarajevo during heavy pounding, including audio of Ratko Mladic, Bosnian Serb General, ordering the shelling of Sarajevo. Also featured are numerous massacres in Sarajevo, the physical destruction of Bosnian towns (Mostar, Foca, Gorazde), injured and murdered children, YUTEL footage of demonstrations in Sarajevo, JNA jets flying over Sarajevo, Arkan's paramilitary unit, the "Tigers," in Erdut, Karadzic on the hills above Sarajevo, movement of JNA trucks, and scenes from the Trnopolje and Manjaca prison camps.
    Producer: TV BIH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA138 • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  116. The IHRLI/ DePaul Database Project (report)
    David Martin, reporting for CBS, interviews Professor Bassiouni, the staff and volunteers working in the war room. What IHRLI is trying to do and what is involved in its efforts.
    Producer: CBS: Eye on America United States/English language; 2-Dec-1993, Beta SP
    BA140 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  117. Tales from Sarajevo (report)
    This program begins with the statement that more correspondents and reporters have lost their lives during 18 months of covering the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, than in the whole 14 years of the Vietnam war. Journalists from BBC Radio, Reuters, The Guardian, BBC TV, The Independent, the Daily Telegraph, CNN, The Observer, El Pais, ABC TV, and ITN TV explain difficulties associated with understanding and reporting on this complex conflict, including how journalists cope with the physical danger and the fear they encounter while working on their assignments.
    Producer: BBC Late Show United Kingdom/English language; 2-Feb-1993, Beta SP
    BA141• Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military

  118. Eye on the Storm (interview)
    Martin Burke talks to men and women, war photographers, and their experiences while covering war zones. Interviewed are: Ian Pritchard, BBC News; Sebastian Rich, ITN; Mohamed Amin, Visnews; Barry Fox, ABC News; David Greene, CBS News; Nigel Thompson, ITN. Other conflicts besides the former Yugoslavia shown.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA142 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  119. Frontline: Maggie O'Kane (report)
    Irish journalist Maggie O'Kane (The Guardian) analyzes the roots of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. O'Kane examines Milosevic's rise to power, his role in the destruction of the Yugoslav federation, and his connection to paramilitary leaders Zeljko Raznjatovic, "Arkan," and Vojislav Seselj. O'Kane conducts research into the roots of the war in Bosnia and Serbia proper. Interviews are conducted with Desa Traveson (Belgrade correspondent for the London Times), Milos Vasic (journalist for the Belgrade independent "Vreme"), Bojan Stojanic (Serbian photographer), Arkan, Vojislav Seselj, Milan Panic, a Chetnik ("Duke" from Grbavica), and Slavko Lesic. Belgrade journalists describe how the Serbian media is influenced and controlled by politicians. Footage from Sarajevo, Kosovo, Serbian TV and Vukovar is also included.
    United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    French language

  120. Unfinished Business (report)
    This program tells of the destruction of Mostar and the Serb, Croat and Muslim soldiers who are fighting together in the Bosnian Army for the right to live together as they did before the war.
    Producer: BBC Assignment United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA144 • Rape • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  121. Interview with Milos Vasic on the role of Serbian state-controlled media in wars in Croatia and Bosnia (interview)
    Milos Vasic, independent journalist at a radio station in Pancevo and correspondent of a Belgrade magazine Vreme, discusses the role of Serbian state-controlled media in wars in Croatia and Bosnia. Vasic discusses how the Serbian state-controlled media covered the Serbs' attack on Vukovar, arguing that the war would not be possible without this propaganda.
    Serbian language; Aug-1992, Beta SP
    BA145 • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military

  122. The Sarajevo Point of View (documentary film)
    This video, produced by a videographer who lived in Sarajevo, documents the perpective of people in Sarajevo and their outlook while under siege. The documentary features footage recorded in Bosnia-Herzegovina between April and September 1992. It begins by giving a brief historical background of Bosnia, stressing the tradition of tolerance and peaceful coexistence over the centuries in Bosnia. The footage also includes scenes of pre-war Sarajevo in addition to those during the siege. Footage is also shown of Sarajevo monuments and mosques, the destruction in Mostar, (pictures of TVBiH, Konjic studio), and of the Sarajevo suburb Dobrinja.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language, Beta SP
    BA146 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  123. Dobrinja (report)
    Dobrinja, Sarajevo suburb, shelled by Serbian artillery. Interviews with soldiers and civilians.
    Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA147

  124. War music videos (music)
    Different music videos, interspersed with scenes of war.
    Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP

  125. Symposium: Bosnian Bill of Rights (political speech)
    Speeches on the Symposium on Bosnian Bill of Rights held at Ouachita Batist University. No additional visuals.
    United States/English language; 14-Jan-1993, Beta SP
    No sound

  126. Who Can Save Sarajevo - Part 1/Qui peut sauver Sarajevo, 1 (documentary film)
    Conversation and discussion between people in Sarajevo and in Paris giving a realistic version of life in Sarajevo today: despair, horror and the heartbreak and incompetence of Europe trying to solve this tragedy.
    Producer: France2/ France3 France/French language; 10-Jan-1994, Beta SP
    BA150

  127. Who Can Save Sarajevo - Part 2/Qui peut sauver Sarajevo, 2 (documentary film)
    Conversation and discussion between people in Sarajevo and in Paris giving a realistic version of life in Sarajevo today: despair, horror and the heartbreak and incompetence of Europe trying to solve this tragedy.
    Producer: France2/ France3 France/French language; 10-Jan-1994, Beta SP
    BA150

  128. Opfer des Krieges: Omarska, das Todeslager (documentary film)
    Funeral of Esmir Karabasic. Witness reports from the deathcamp at Omarska, Bosnia.
    Producer: Südwest 3 Germany/German language; 1991, Beta SP
    • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  129. Tuzla (interview)
    Interview with a captured Serbina soldier from Zvornik surrounding. He describes preparation for war and his involvement in the fight.
    Bosnian language; 24-Jan-1993, Beta SP

  130. Dubrovni, 1 (raw footage)
    The old city is shown under heavy shelling.
    - 00:39:50: date on footage: October 1, 1991. Dialogue in SCB. Tape recorded from someone's apartment.
    - 00:43:07 NIK TV; date on footage: November 10, 11, 1991. This segment of the tape depicts the shelling of Dubrovnik; footage from Deember 6, 1991 also inlcuded.
    Croatian language; 6-Dec-1991, Beta SP
    BA154 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage
    Notes: Tape 1 of 2
  131. Dubrovnik, 2 (raw footage)
    Cultural objects and private property damages shown once the shelling was over.
    Croatia/Croatian language; 10-Dec-1991, Beta SP

  132. Dubrovnik, 3 (report)
    TV Montenegro program related to the JNA military campaign around Dubrovnik.
    Producer: TV Crna Gora Yugoslavia/Serbian language; Dec-1991, Beta SP

  133. Dubrovnik, 4 (report)
    Program related to the JNA military campaign around Dubrovnik. Military personnel interviewed.
    Producer: RTV Crna Gora / RTB (Beograd) Yugoslavia/Serbian language, Beta SP
    Dutch and English language

  134. Dubrovnik, 5 (report)
    Program related to the JNA military campaign around Dubrovnik. Civilians from Cavtat and military personell interviewed.
    Producer: RTV Crna Gora / RTB (Beograd) / TV Novi Sad) Yugoslavia/Serbian language, Beta SP
    BA156 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  135. Massacres in Croatia and Bosnia (news)
    This broadcast focuses on Abdul Malida, a British Muslim, and his efforts to raise money, awareness, and food supplies to help the victims of war in Bosnia. He visits refugee camps in Croatia and Bosnia, managing to film part of his journey and distribute relief supplies along the way. The grim reality of the war and war crimes are displayed with very graphic images of naked corpses. Prison camps and survivors are also included in the footage. Malida goes against travel restrictions imposed on foreigners as he makes his way deep into Bosnian territory. Malida uses his experience and awareness of the humanitarian situation in Bosnia to expedite further relief and bring aid to the region.
    Producer: East Midlands Today United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    Hungarian dubbed

  136. Stupni Do (news)
    This broadcast is a brief report with breaking news on the destruction of the village of Stupni Do in central Bosnia and the subsequent attack on the civilian population threre. UN Chief of Staff for British forces, Brigadier Angus Ramsey, comments on the vicious atrocities committed by Croats against the Muslim population of the village. UN forensic experts are seen briefly surveying the area for evidence of more victims.
    Producer: Sky TV: Sky News United Kingdom/English language; 17-Dec-1993, Beta SP
    Partially the same as first part of the cassette, end of cassette

  137. Crimes of War (news)
    This broadcast reports on Vukovar and the war crimes committed there, including a mass grave site where wounded soldiers from a hospital were taken out to a field and summarily executed. Featured footage shows British UN troops in a small Muslim village where a Muslim family of 8 was burned to death. A civilian woman from the area being interviewed recalls young girls being raped. The report concludes with an interview with Cherif Bassiouni from the UN Commission of Experts on the establishment of the War Crimes Tribunal for the war in the former Yugoslavia.
    Producer: ABC News (Australia): Dateline Australia/English language; 23-Sep-1993, Beta SP, 36 min
    BA160 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  138. Macedonia / Kosovo: Drawing the Line (news)
    This broadcast features a discussion of the growing tension along Macedonia's border in Kosovo. A brief overview of the situation in Kosovo is provided by Charles Kraus using footage of country and city life in Kosovo, explaining fears that an outbreak of war could spread to Macedonia and beyond. Robert MacNeil talks with US government officials about the prospect of the war spilling into Macedonia and its neighbors Albania, Bulgaria, Serbia and 2 US NATO allies, Greece & Turkey. At the time of the report, US troops had recently been placed in Macedonia to deter further aggression and the spread of war in the Balkans. The tactical importance of the troop placement is debated by the guests including the related political implications.
    Producer: PBS: The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour United States/English language; 10-Jun-1993, Beta SP
    BA161• Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military

  139. Mostar - The Death of a City (news)
    This broadcast focuses on the fighting between Muslims and Croats in the city of Mostar, one of the most devastated cities in the former Yugoslavia, according to BBC reporter Jeremy Bowen. The footage features historic parts of the city in total destruction, injured and dying civilians, including children, and citizens forced from their homes. Many injured Muslims from Eastern Mostar shown, as well as Croatian prisoners incarcerated there. Soldiers from both sides are interviewed. The report concentrates on Mostar's prewar charm and beauty and how that has faded into one of the most devasted and desperate regions in the Bosnian conflict.
    Producer: ABC News: Nightline United States/English language; 10-Nov-1993, Beta SP
    BA163 • Rape • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  140. Truth About Croatia (propaganda film)
    This film recalls early events in the war in the former Yugoslavia. In this sometimes graphic compilation, the documentary makers allege that Serbian terrorists were responsible for the initial acts of aggression, attempting to deter a democratic Croatia from declaring independence from the Yugoslavian Communist Federation. Civilian destruction is shown in areas near the Serbian border such as Vukovar and Eastern Slavonia. Pleas are made throughout the film for peace and for the recognition of a sovereign, democratic Croatian state.

    This film has no copyright restrictions.
    United States/English language; 25-Aug-1991, Beta SP
    BA164 • Torture • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military

  141. The Today Show: Interview with Dr. Haris Silajdzic, 12/17/92 (news)
    The focus of this broadcast is Haris Silajdzic, Bosnian Foreign Minister, interviewed on the "Today" show with Bryant Gumbel and Katie Couric. Silajdzic expresses his frustration with the international community, stating that nothing has been done to stop the conflict in the former Yugoslavia with an appeal to anyone who can help stop the killing.
    Producer: NBC United States/English language; 17-Dec-1992, Beta SP
    BA162 • Rape • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    CBS News (news)
    This short report describes the situation in Bosnia when the no-fly zone was initially being enforced. Haris Silajdzic, Bosnian Foreign Minister, speaks on the suffering endured in Bosnia and pleas for further international involvement. NATO's role in the conflict is discussed throughout as well as discussion of the UN peacekeepers' role. Manfred Woerner, NATO Commander, and Pete Williams, Pentagon spokesman, both comment on the present situation of the no-fly zone.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 17-Dec-1992, Beta SP
    BA165 • Rape • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military
    NBC Nightly News: December 18, 1992 (news)
    This short report analyzes the situation in Bosnia during early phases of the war. The broadcast mentions the death toll, rape camps, and the failure of diplomacy. Enforcement of the no¤fly zone is also discussed. The vote of the UN Security Council is highlighted which unanimously approved war crimes trials and a lifting of the arms embargo. The approach towards Bosnia by outside nations is also discussed.
    Producer: NBC United States/English language; 18-Dec-1992, Beta SP
    BA166 • Rape • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military
    The MacNeil/Lehrer Newshour: December 18, 1992 (news)
    This broadcast is a very short report featuring Haris Silajdzic, Bosnian Foreign Minister, making a renewed plea for the West to intervene in the conflict at a news conference in Washington D.C. The war in Bosnia was nine months old at the time of the broadcast.
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 18-Dec-1992, Beta SP
    BA167 • Rape • Prison Camps • Ethnic Cleansing
    ABC News: This Week With David Brinkley (news)
    This broadcast features discussion and debate about US involvement in foreign conflicts, raising questions of when action should be deemed necessary. Military and human rights experts are interviewed, including an extended interview with Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic. What, if any, US involvement should occur is the primary focus of the report.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 20-Dec-1992, Beta SP
    BA168 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  142. To the Ends of the Earth - Part 2 (report)
    In this broadcast, British reporter Robert Fisk, who covers Islamic stories worldwide, returns to Novska and sees the mosque and home of an Imam he visited one year before completely destroyed. Refugees are shown boarding trains one hour after being forced from their homes. Through interviews with Bosnian Muslims and their families, Fisk attempts to show how Muslims have been systematically persecuted in the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Mustafa Ceric, head of the Muslim community in Bosnia-Herzegovina, is also interviewed, speaking of Bosnian Muslims' treatment by both their enemies in the war, and the world community.
    United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP
    BA169 • Rape • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  143. Tesanj: Women Soldiers Celic (raw footage)
    The tape shows training of female military, with insignia which appears to be Bosnian Defense Force. After training segment, we see women in trenches with male soldiers. Some destruction of civilian property.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP

  144. Gradacac, 1 (raw footage)
    Conversation with military group, including following them around and into what appears to be a former school where they re-group. They inspect some destruction of civilian property. We see a road sign which reads RESTORAN BETTER LIFE.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA171

  145. Gradacac, 2 (raw footage)
    Interview with a Serb who fought at the Muslim side and a child in the uniform and with a gun. Front at Omerbegovaca and Dizdarusa villages, near Brcko.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA171

  146. Gornja Tuzla, 1st Brigade, 1 (raw footage)
    First 42 minutes is interview with one female soldier, then they speak with others in her group. Insignia appears to be that of Bosnian Defense Force. At one point soldiers are outside inspecting some destructon of civilian property.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP

  147. Gornja Tuzla, 1st Brigade, 2 (raw footage)
    Interviews with soldiers from the BH Army, who are of different ethnic background.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA172

  148. Tuzla Church Interview (raw footage)
    Extensive tour of a Serbian Orthodox Church and cemetery in Tuzla. Church is relatively untouched by the violence. Interview with Ms. Jelena Obradov from Serbian humanitarian agency "Dobrotvor".
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    BA173 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage

  149. Special Correspondent: Shame/Envoyé Special: La Honte (television program)
    This broadcast is a special report on the subject of rape in Bosnia. Six or seven Bosnian Muslim women and one Serb woman are interviewed about their experience and the subsequent trauma they have endured. Other commentaries are provided by the ICRC's Iris Wittwer and Hafiz Halil Mehtic, a Muslim cleric from the Zenica Mosque.
    Producer: Arte, France 2, France 3 France/French language; 4-Feb-1993, VHS

  150. French News Broadcasts (television program)
    This broadcast focuses on UN activities in Bosnia. Refugees are shown, as well as bombardments, including footage of the dead and wounded in the sreets. Brief interviews are featured with two captured soldiers, Sretko Damjanovic and Herak, accused of war crimes by the Bosnian government.
    Producer: tf 1, france 2 France/French language; Jan-1993, VHS
    BA175 • Rape • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  151. France 2: News Broadcasts (television program)
    These broadcasts are a collage of reports from earlier stages of the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The segments focus, primarily, on the dialogue within France from that time debating intervention and humanitarian aid. The pervasive sexual violation of Bosnian women is also discussed, estimating that some 20,000 to 60,000 women have been victims of this war crime. Witnesses to rape are shown, coupled with the recorded confession of a Bosnian Serb detention camp guard that committed rape under orders and a brief interview with alleged war criminal Sretko Damjanovic. Footage of refugees, detention camps, Sarajevo, and Vukovar are included as well.-
    France/French language; Jan-1993, VHS

  152. Serbian Epics (documentary film)
    This documentary provides an indepth profile of Radovan Karadzic, a psychiatrist, poet, and the Bosnian Serb leader in the Bosnian war that errupted in April, 1992. By including local Bosnian Serb commanders, religious leaders, and ordinary people, this film highlights the origins and character of Serb nationalism, deeply rooted in the history and religion of this people. The views of the Christian Orthodox Church and the possible role of Serbian Monarch Prince Tomislav in the conflict are both explored. The film features Karadzic's mother, General Ratko Mladic, commander of the Bosnian Serb Army, Biljana Plavsic, Momcilo Krajisnik, and Eduard Limonov, a Russian writer visiting Karadzic. Among the footage shown, scenes of Karadzic visiting Bosnian Serb soldiers positioned in the hills above Sarajevo, as the soldiers fire on the city.
    Director: Paul Pawlikowski; Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; 1993, VHS, 90 min

  153. Music - News - Gen. Divjak (news)
    TV music spots. Ceremony on the occasion of the Jewish holiday. Alija Izetbegovic among speakers. News program, reports on shelling. Story on General Jovan Divjak, Yugoslav Army officer who joined Bosnian Army at the beginning of the war in Yugoslavia.
    Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1-Feb-1992, VHS

  154. Victims of War: Kozarac, ethnic cleansing/Opfer des Krieges: Kozarac, etnisch gesäubert (documentary film)
    This documentary is a very in-depth investigation into the ethnic cleansing of the Bosnian town of Kozarac. Gras interviews a handful of refugees from Kozarac and attempts to reconstruct the order of events that led up to the cleansing of Kozarac. Each refugee describes their experience in detail and how they escaped death. Interviews with many who describe condition in Trnopolje and Omarska detention camp. Interviews with: a Serb woman describes how the war strted in Kozarac; Imin, Omarska survivor describes how Dusko Tadic forced him to bite testicles off prisoners previously tortured; Prijedor Police Chief Simo Drljaca and Prijedor Military Commander Dr. Micko Kovacevic cite reasons for the war in Bosnia; Zeljko Mejakic leads tour of Omarska camp. Gras investigates and presents hard evidence of numerous atrocities committed during the falling of Kozarac. Included is footage of Tadic passing by a German TV camera which lead to his arrest and extradition to the Hague Tribunal.
    Director: Monika Gras; Producer: Sudwest Germany/German language; 10-Nov-1993, VHS
    BA184 Rape, Torture, Prison Camps, Destruction Civilian Property, Destruction Cultural Heritage, Ethnic Cleansing, Military/Para-Military, Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  155. The Muslim Enemy/Feindbild Moslem (television program)
    This broadcast focuses on the position of Muslims in Croatia, particularly the 200.000 Bosnian refugees. Croatia propaganda has portrayed Muslim fundamentalism a danger to the Christian world. This report includes numerous interviews with Croats and Muslims giving their opinions on the status of Muslim refugees. The first unidentified Muslim man states that Muslim men are commonly arrested and taken to camps. Many Muslims have also lost their homes and their jobs, he points out. The second unidentified Muslim man talks about being fired without an explanation from a Croat firm he worked for. An unidentified Muslim woman states that Muslims are constantly being kicked around and that Croats want them out of their country. A young Croat man states that it is not fair for Croatia to be spending millions of dollars on taking care of the Bosnian Muslim refugees when Croats themselves are experiencing economic hardship. An older Croat man explains that Muslims are taking away Croat territory in Bosnia; hence, they should not be helped. A Muslim refugee talks about the open repression where Muslim civilian men are being used for exchange for Croat war prisoners. Aziz Mikic, leader of the Croat Muslim Party talks about the mistake made by Izetbegovic in trying to make a Islamic republic in Europe. Dr. Sevko Omerbasic, Multi Slovene/Croat ( - what is this?), explains that the Bosnian army does include some fundamentalists and that they have committed crimes as well, but that they are not religiously inspired, but only a reaction to the turmoil of the Bosnian war. Zagreb University Professor Zarko Puhovski explains that the general sentiment of Croats is that of being victimized. He states that Croatia feels like the West has forgot about it. A unidentified Croat woman talks about the morality of refusing help to a people. Other footage available in this report: Bosnian Muslims waiting in front of their consulate, a camp housing Muslim refugees, a mosque in Zagreb and men praying, a street salesman selling Croat nationalist paraphernalia, and general pictures of people in the streets of Zagreb.
    Producer: ORF News Austria/German language; 24-Aug-1993, VHS
    War Within the War/Krieg im Krieg (report)
    This broadcast focuses on the infighting between rival Muslim and Croat factions in and around Mostar. Muslim civilians are interviewed in Eastern Mostar as well as soldiers from both sides, a spokesman for the Croatian HVO, and Muslim prisoners speaking about forced labor and beatings. Footage of civilian destruction is shown throughout the report. The conditions found in smaller towns such as Prozor, Vitez, Kiseljak, Vares, and Gornji Vakuf are highlighted, including interviews with Muslim and Croat city offficials and military personnel. The UN presence and the role of NATO in the region are briefly touched upon.
    Producer: ORF News Austria/German language; 7-Sep-1993, VHS
    Between the Front Lines/Zwischen den Fronten (television program)
    The report talks about daily hardships locals and refugees have to endure in the Vitez and Travnik areas of Bosnia, which lay between the frontlines. Interviewed is Viktorija Piljeka (sp), a Croat woman, who talks about the mafia plundering going on in Bosnia. Her house has been robbed by the local mafia. She explains that local authorities know about perpetrators, but are not willing to lay down the law. She also talks about food being extremely expensive, and the hardships of living without water and electricity. The report explains that since Travnik has fallen under Bosnian Muslim rule, Bosnian Croats have either left or have been driven out of the area. The animosities between the local people of Travnik and the refugees is detailed, as well the locals' efforts to gather good for the soldiers on the frontlines. The report explains that wounded Bosnian Croat soldiers are transported to Nova Bijela (sp) where a church has been turned into a hospital. Two civilian women as well as a refugee woman in Travnik give statements. Footage included: UN soldiers, a man going through thrash, a man calling out for Muslim prayer, Bosnian Croat soldiers on the frontlines, Nova Bijela (sp) hospital patients, refugees from Banja Luka arriving in Nova Bijela, Travnik's grade school children in class, two boys holding bread in their hands, a woman standing over a gravesite, and a well-dressed man in Travnik.
    Producer: ORF News Austria/German language; 12-Oct-1993, VHS
    The Weapons of the Ghosts/Mit den Waffen des Geistes (report)
    This report features an interview with Dzevad Hozo, a Bosnian painter and art historian, in his Sarajevo apartment. Hozo reflects on the ongoing siege of Sarajevo, Bosnia's historic tolerance, and discusses the war's manifestation in Bosnian art as well as his own.
    Producer: ORF News Austria/German language; 9-Nov-1993, VHS
    The Many Lives of Arkan/Die Vielen Leben des Arkan (report)
    This broadcast profiles Zeljko Raznjatovic aka Arkan, notorious leader of the Tigers, a Serbian paramilitary unit. His life is briefly chronicled from his rise as a gangster, wanted by Interpol in many Western European countries, to his activities in the war in the former Yugosavia as a top paramilitary leader. Arkan's exploits as head of Red Star's fan club are detailed, showing how he was able to recruit individuals from the fan club for his paramilitary units. Arkan's ascent into Serbian politics as a parliamentary representative of Kosovo is also explored. Professor Vladen Vasiljevic describes how Arkan represents a pattern in Serbia since the break up of the former Yugoslavia, "the criminalization of politics and the politicization of criminal activity."
    Producer: ORF News Austria/German language; 14-Dec-1993, VHS
    Life After the War/Leben Nach dem Krieg (report)
    This report focuses on reconstruction efforts in Dubrovnik, Croatia two years after the war. The intentional targetting of historical landmarks is investigated, showing structural and cultural damage throughout the city. Interviews feature artists, musicians, academics, government officials, and the general public
    Producer: ORF News Austria/German language; 14-Dec-1993, VHS
    Zenica, Point of Flight/Fluchtpunkt Zenica (report)
    This report focuses on Zenica its food shortages during the war. Food and other supplies are in high demand, creating a struggle between refugees and the native inhabitants of the city. Local protests are shown because of the disappearance of food and supplies from relief agencies, attributed to the local mafia. The program further investigates stolen supplies through interviews with the Besim Spahic, Mayor of Zenica, Larry Hollingworth, UNHCR, and Ejub Dautovic, a local Imam
    Producer: ORF News Austria/German language; 18-Jan-1994, VHS
    Croatia's Silence/Kroatisches Schweigen (television program)
    This program focuses on Croatia as a new state, examining its direction under Franjo Tudjman two years after gaining international recognition. At the time of this broadcast Croatia has begun to lose sympathy as a victim of Serbian aggression and is increasingly seen as an aggressor, reluctant to come to terms with its own fascist past. Tudjman's policy in Bosnia, the historical revisionism of his HDZ party, and the reintroduction of the fascist monetary unit of the Ustasa state all contribute to the scrutiny of the new Croatia. The silence of prominent Croatian politicians is criticized and contrasted by dissidents interviewed such as Slavko Goldstein, publisher, Ivan-Zvonimir »icak, and Mira Lujibic-Lorger, Dalmatian Action.
    Producer: ORF News Austria/German language; 25-Jan-1994, VHS

  156. Shelling of Dubrovnik; Report by ITN's Paul Davis on Dubrovnik; (raw footage)
    Heavy shelling of old Dubrovnik. Footage of Peter Mahler in Dubrovnik (no sound). Footage taken on a quiet day in the city; the montage features no sound, no date. Two men shown while repairing a boat; some rubble shown (its origin unclear); downtown Dubrovnik shown. Peter Mahler and another man tour a damaged building in downtown Dubrovnik. Some damaged on buildings shown. (22 minutes)
    - Montage of the old city; Peter Mahler takes photos; a few damaged boats shown; panorama of the city, including its forts, shown. (no sound; 7 min.)
    - Report on Dubrovnik by ITN's Paul Davis (starts at about 00:35:00; same as in 038 (report has sound; 10 min.)
    - Amateur footage showing the shelling of Dubrovnik. Date on footage: June 12, 1991 (shown in the lower right-hand corner). Boats set on fire shown, as well as visible damage on some buildings (has sound; 5 min.)
    English language; 6-Dec-1991, VHS

  157. Rat u Jugoslaviji 1991-1992/War in Yugoslavia 1991-1992 (documentary film)
    This documentary focuses on the formation of Croatia's new state and the role of the old Croatian state in WW II. Atrocities committed against Serbs in WW II are shown throughout with archival pictures of Ustasa camps. Many elderly survivors of the camps are interviewed. The film is an indictment of Franjo Tudjman and his political party HDZ's new policies, likened to the old Croatian regime through presentation of historical and modern footage. Serbian journalists also discuss restrictions imposed on them by the Croatian government.
    Producer: TV Belgrade Yugoslavia/English language, VHS

  158. Bosna: juče, danas, sutra/Bosnia: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow (documentary film)
    Darko Tanaskovic on Bosnian histoy and present conflict. Historical footage, using paintings to tell about origins of conflict as far ago as the 12th century. Also archival footage from WWII.
    Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English, VHS
    Na ruševinama Jugoslavije/On the Ruins of Yugoslavia (documentary film)
    Chronology of the dissintegration of Yugoslavia.
    Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English, VHS

  159. Good People/Dobri ljudi (documentary film)
    This broadcast focuses on the influx of Bosnian Serb refugees living with those Serbian residents in Serbia proper who have opened their homes to the refugees. The majority of the refugees are women and children who fled at the beginning of the war in Bosnia. Most of the material consists of interviews with the various refugees and with their hosts in Serbia. It explains how little food is available and the overall lack of resources for Serbian refugees in Serbia along with an international plea for aid. Many of the refugees describe their feelings of gratitude to their hosts, on whom the refugees still feel they are imposing.
    Director: Boban Skerlic; Producer: Radio-Television Serbia Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English; 1992, VHS
    Srbija i Srbi/Serbia and the Serbs (documentary film)
    Historical footage, paintings, etc. Shows tradition and beauty of the country.
    Producer: Radio-Television Serbia Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English, VHS
    BA255

  160. Plodovi Međugorja/The Fruits of Medjugorje (documentary film)
    Interviews with people visiting the site of apparitions of Virgin Mary in western Herzegovina.
    English language; 1989, VHS

  161. Mission Hope (news)
    Trauma Relief Corps. Group of 5-6 working with relief agency Nova, who visited refugees and helped them in their emotional pain. Two women from Little Rock, Arkansas are profiled.
    Producer: Channel 7, Arkansas United States/English language; Sep-1993, VHS
    Mission Hope (Mary Anne Foundation) (documentary film)
    Mary Ann Foundation video of the Trauma Relief Corps mission same as above
    United States/English language; Sep-1993, VHS
    Appointment in Ancona (documentary film)
    Medjugorje humanitarian trip and international peace march from Ljubuski to Medjugorje. 30 countries participated. Footage of destroyed Mostar.
    United States/English language; Jun-1992, VHS

  162. Bosnia's Children: Does Anyone Really Care? (documentary film)
    Larry Jones, President of Feed the Children, makes periodic pitches to raise money to aid starving children in Bosnia. Some refugees interviewed. War room from IHRLI.
    United States/English language, VHS

  163. Bosnia: Never Again? (documentary film)
    A public service solicitation to raise funds for the Feed The Children's relief operation in the Former Yugoslavia, this program shows how children have been the deliberate targets of the war. Stephen Walker, a former US State Department official, remarks that Serbs in Bosnia have purposefully targeted children with mortar and artillery fire. Also stated, in Sarajevo, 72% of children's homes have been shelled, 40% shot at by snipers, and 50% have seen someone die. Policy of children as targets discussed throughout. Larry Jones, President of Feed the Children, hosts the broadcast.
    United States/English language, VHS

  164. Bosnia: Scream for the Children (documentary film)
    Psychological effects of war on children.
    United States/English language, VHS
    BA200 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  165. War Art (documentary film)
    Nedzad Begovic's exhibition entitled "War Art" was created by collecting various materials that have lost their primary function due to war operations. All exhibits have a "history" of their own and are the result of the destruction of Sarajevo. The author recognizes shapes in the destroyed objects and presents them as artefact, transforming the negative energy of crime into the positive vibrations of human spirituality.
    Director: Nedzad Begovic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language; 1993, VHS, 10 min
    BA201
    Angels in Sarajevo/Andjeli u Sarajevu (documentary film)
    This short film is inspired by Louis Jammes' art project "Angels On the Walls." Louis Jammes created large scale black and white posters, which depict young children and a mother with her children as angels. The artist placed posters around Sarajevo, on damaged or destroyed buildings, bridges, and in the interiors of destroyed buildings or houses. Film features music by Senad Hadzimusic and SCH and has no dialogue.
    Director: Antonije Nino Zalica; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language; Sep-1993, VHS
    BA202
    School of Military Skills/Škola ratbih veština (documentary film)
    Many ex-students of law, drama, architecture and others join this school of Bosnian Defense Force, where they study combat skills, shooting, camouflage, war tactics, explosives to survive and defend their city..
    Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language; May-1993, VHS
    BA203
    Mojim prijateljima/Message to My Friends (documentary film)
    This short film is some kind of "personal message" from director Zlatko Lavanic to his friends who left Sarajevo. This film, recorded in five shots, in subtle way shows state of mind of a person from Sarajevo, the destroyed city.
    Director: Zlatko Lavanic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language, VHS
    BA204

  166. Sarajevo (documentary film)
    In this short film, images of prewar Sarajevo are intertwined with war-time images. Images of residents praying in the Serbian Orthodox church, and in the Catholic Cathedral, Jewish synagogue is also shown, mosques, shows multicultural character of Sarajevo, being. Yugoslav army forces withdrawing from the city, Yugoslav army soldier pointing a sniper at Sarajevo, combined with images of prewar Sarajevo to illustrate what was at a target, showing church towers and mosques, thus indicating that a multicultural tradition that was fostered in Sarajevo for centuries was now being destroyed. Short sequence from demonstrations in Sarajevo just before the war had started is included. Muslims are shown during a prayer, UN forces shown crusing the town, . buildings burning in Sarajevo, destruction, burned Post office buidling in Sarajevo, National library before its destruction, stills of Gavrilo Princip, Franz Ferdinand shooting in Sarajevo, shooting at the wounded at Socialno Junction, Marijin Dvor, breadline massacre.
    Director: Mirza Idrizovic; Producer: SAGA / TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language, VHS
    BA205

  167. Eight Years After (documentary film)
    In this video, images of prewar Sarajevo (from the XIV Winter Olympics, 1984) are juxtaposed with images of massacres, civilians running under sniper fire, and destroyed sports venues where the Olympics took place. Included at the end is a video clip for a song, "Help Bosnia Now" directed by Ademir Kenovic and shot in the sportshall "Zetra."
    Director: Ademir Kenovic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language, VHS
    BA206

  168. The Letter/Pismo (documentary film)
    Video essay with combined scenes of Professor Zdravko Grebo's demolished flat and of destruction of Sarajevo. Also 1968 student demonstrations and police brutality. Atrocious images of blood on the hand of a dead child.
    Director: Zdravko Grebo; Producer: Zid, Sarajevo Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language; 17-Aug-1992, VHS
    BA207

  169. A Man Called Boat/Čamac (documentary film)
    This film recounts a story of a young man who deserts the special unit of the JNA and walks the distance from Belgrade to Sarajevo hoping to join the resistance to the aggression of the very army he left and in whose fold he spent five years of his youth. He is apprehended with the threat of being killed. With the help of a friend "Boat" he escapes the military prison where he was held in captivity. On his way to Sarajevo he crosses a river on the Bosnian border, makes an incredible journey through the occupied territories before finally accomplishing his goal - coming to Sarajevo and joining the resistance. Some footage of Sarajevo and Bijeljina during initial outbreaks of the Bosnian confilict are also shown during his commentary.
    Director: Pjer Zalica; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; Jul-1992, VHS
    I Burnt Legs/Palio sam noge (documentary film)
    This film deals with the attrocities of war as portrayed by a film student who spends some time working as a medic. One of the duties he performed was to carry amputated limbs to the cremation furnace. This is a film about the collective madness that engulfed Sarajevo. A one-armed boy is troubled because he can't make big, firm snowballs; a man who lost both legs demonstrates walking on his stumps... The film and the director's story help us understand the commotion and tumult that have occurred in the minds of people from Sarajevo.
    Director: Srdjan Vuletic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; Mar-1993, VHS
    BA209
    Survival Brew/Hrana za preživljavanje (documentary film)
    How to survive in Sarajevo? What does a slowly dying man need most as he watches his city disappearing? Can anything ease the agony?
    Director: Mehmed Aksamija; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language; 1993, VHS
    BA210

  170. My Mother the Sehid (documentary film)
    A story about a boy whose mother was killed as a fighter defending Sarajevo. The boy takes a rose from the garden his mother worked on and brings it to her grave, but when he comes again - the rose is not there any more. Through the sad confession of the boy we meet the people of his environment; his grandfather, grandmother, aunt and his friends - his mothers collegues, fighters, people who bring warmth and love to the boy, in these cruel times.
    Director: Dino Mustafic / Danis Tanovic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English, VHS, 12 min
    BA211 • Military/Para-Military
    Travelling Children (documentary film)
    A short documentary shot at a car scrapyard full of vehicle shells destroyed during the war. Many children from Ciglana, a residential area in Sarajevo, play in these cars make-believe that they are travelling to far off lands.
    Director: Antonije Nino Zalica; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; Mar-1993, VHS
    BA212
    March 8th in War/8. mart u ratu (documentary film)
    This documentary was filmed on the streets of destroyed Sarajevo. March 8th was traditionally celebrated as the Women's Day and this document shows how women of Sarajevo experienced their first feast in wartime.
    Director: Srdjan Vuletic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; 8-Mar-1993, VHS
    BA213
    Desine moi…/Nacrtaj mi… (documentary film)
    Shot at the pediatric ward of the Sarajevo hospital and details the consciousness of children wounded in war.
    Director: Francois Lunel / Almir Kenovic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English, VHS
    BA214
    Blood and Water/Voda i krv (documentary film)
    This short piece includes extremely graphic footage of the Waterline Massacre at the Sarajevo Brewery. Men are seen loading disfigured corpses into a truck immediately after a tank grenade was fired at the location. This same footage is seen on other tapes as well, but none as thorough or graphic as what is seen here.
    Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; 1993, VHS
    BA215
    Amela's School Holiday (documentary film)
    The story takes place in the war torn Sarajevo. Amela and her father live in an area exposed to constant enemy attacks. The father is ill, the mother left the family taking with her the younger child. Ten-year old Amela does all the chores. She collects firewood in dangerous areas to cook and heat water to bathe her father. The school is over during the summer but Amela does not have time to play with her friends. She has to fetch water, do the laundry by the river... Amela finds her solace in her two guinea pigs, the inseparable friends for whom she always finds some time reminding us all on the fact that her childhood can't be taken away from her.
    Director: Zlatko Lavanic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA216

  171. Waiting for Packages/Čekajući paket (documentary film)
    Since November 1992 families and friends from all of ex-Yugoslavia as well as all over Europe have been sending food parcels to their families and friends in Sarajevo. Lack of food and the absence of normal routes of communication both in and out of the city meant that these shipments, though rare and small in size, provided a chance for survival as well as a voice of remembrance for the recipient.
    Director: Vuk Janic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; 1993, VHS
    Confessions of a Monster/Ispovijest monstruma (documentary film)
    Confessions of a Monster is a documentary film made in the fall of 1992 in a military prison in Sarajevo, where a group of journalists, including John Barnes of the New York Times, were introduced to Borislav Herak, a young man in JNA uniform, and the first person in fifty years to be charged with the crime of genocide. Borislav Herak, a Bosnian Serb soldier captured by the Bosnian Army and imprisoned for war crimes, speaks about looting, murder and rape of Bosnian Muslim men and women. Herak explains in detail how he joined the Serb forces; he talks about the music he likes, demonstrates how he was trained on pigs to slit victim's throats. Herak also admits to raping and killing several Muslim women and executing several men. He describes what he did to his victims in detail. He gives names of other soldiers who participated in these crimes. Herak says he committed these acts under orders.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English, VHS
    BA218

  172. Godot - Sarajevo (documentary film)
    In the summer of 1993 Susan Sontag visited the besieged and destroyed city of Sarajevo for the second time. During her stay she staged Becket's "Waiting for Godot" with a troupe of Sarajevo actors. Director P. Zalica & cameraman A. Imamovic followed her work from day one to the premiere. They also followed the daily life of the actors and theatre personnel involved in the production. This film transcends the confines of a film about the play and is rather a panoramic view of life in Sarajevo during the war.
    Director: Pjer Zalica; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; Aug-1993, VHS
    BA219
    Bums and Dogs/Skitnice i psi (documentary film)
    A hotel in the centre of town is a war-time home and refuge for many of Sarajevo’s homeless people. Every morning they leave the hotel and wander around the destroyed city gathering again at the defunct hotel in the afternoon. This film follows their separate fates through the bitter juxtapositioning of images of the bums with those of dogs abandoned by their owners and now left to the mercy of the war ravaged streets of Sarajevo.
    Director: Zlatko Lavanic; Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English, VHS
    BA220

  173. French News Broadcasts (news)
    Nine French News reports. Some civil. destruction, military. Radovan Karadzic interviewed about demilitarization of Sarajevo.
    Producer: TF1, TF2 France/French language; Feb-1994, adásnap: 7-Feb-1994, VHS
    BA222

  174. Turning Point: Mercy or Money (documentary film)
    Croatian doctor Miro Kovacevic, Chicago area resident for 22 years, fought UN redtape to get six critically ill children out of Sarajevo. California woman, Lynn Robustelli, who duped 80 Sarajevans out of thousands of dollars assuring them safe passage & US visas.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 28-Sep-1994, VHS
    BA223

  175. 60 Minutes: An Exercise in Hypocrisy (report)
    Program discusses the War Crimes Tribunal and whether or not anyone can/will ever be brought to justice. Is the Tribunal a sham? Tribunal location in old out-of-the-way building at the Hague, 10 judges collecting $140,000 each per year since 12/93 and not 1 indictment yet. Interviews with Madeleine Albright, State Department Officials.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 1994, adásnap: 2-Oct-1994, VHS
    BA224

  176. Deadline in Sarajevo (live broadcast)
    Live broadcast an hour before the expiration of the NATO ultimatum to the Bosnian Serbs. Any Serb weapons found within 12 miles of Sarajevo will be a target of NATO war planes. Live reporting from Sarajevo, the White House and the Pentagon included. Radovan Karadzic claims that the Bosnian Serbs will comply with the ultimatum. Statements by UN General Sir Michael Rose, Yasushi Akashi, UN Special Envoy, Vitaly Churkin, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, John Shalikashvili, in Aviano Italy (courtesy of NBC), Alija Izetbegovic, Bosnian president, James Blackwell, military analyst, and Alvaro de Soto, Asst. UN Sec. General. Pictures from Lukavica included. Interview with Ejup Ganic, vice president of Bosnia, featured.
    Producer: CNN This Week United States/English language; 20-Feb-1994, VHS
    BA232

  177. Archive of Horrors/Archiv des Grauens (report)
    Detailed explanation on the activities of IHRLI. How they build up their database on war crimes and what patterns are seen. Prof. Bassiouni is interviewed.
    Producer: ÖRF 2 Austria/German language; 9-Feb-1994, VHS
    BA233

  178. Speech of Dr Imtiaz Sooliman (conference)
    Dr. Sooliman addresses a group at the VI International Congress on Legal Science. His speech is about what he perceives as the failures of the UN to help the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    English language, VHS
    Attached on paper: several cases of atrocities against Roma, compiled by Phralipe legal aid office

  179. How Did the War and Hate in Bosnia-Herzegovina Come into Existence (report)
    Discussion of Serb psychiatrist, Jovan Raskovic, who claims responsibility for planting seeds of hatred, nationalism and using group psychology to manipulate the entire Serb nation into starting the war.
    English language, VHS
    BA235 • Rape • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  180. Sarajevo: A Street Under Siege (December 21-22, 1993) (documentary film)
    This is a collage of 2-minute reports from Sarajevo, beginning with the 623rd day of siege. A longer report, a Christmas special, is also featured. Each report focuses on different aspects of everyday life of the residents of one street, showing how people cope and survive in the city without electricity, water supplies, heating fuel, food, medication, all the while under heavy shelling. Stories included show how Sarajevans cope with the loss of loved ones, how children cope and survive, how the lack of food affects residents' lives, how they cope with fear of being injured or killed, and their efforts to maintain the multiethnic character of the city.
    Director: Jane Merkin; Producer: BBC United Kingdom/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; Dec-1993, VHS
    BA238

  181. Mostar Priest (report)
    John Duncanson traveled to Mostar in Bosnia-Herzegovina and various locations in Croatia. Chicago-ordained priest returns to the rubble and debris of what was his church in Mostar.
    Producer: WBBM TV, Chicago United States/English language; Oct-1993, adásnap: 18-Feb-1992, VHS
    BA240 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  182. Croatian - Serb Fighting (report)
    John Duncanson accompanies Croatian Army volunteers in 2 towns 40 miles from Zagreb. Also, life for civilians, refugees, & 2 hospitals concerned w/ the wounded.
    Producer: WBBM, Chicago United States/English language; Oct-1991, adásnap: 19-Feb-1992, VHS
    BA241 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  183. Dogs of War (Mercenaries) (documentary film)
    This tape is about mercenaries, mostly British, who are fighting in the former Yugoslavia. The program investigates the specific kinds of personalities who thrive in war zones and what has drawn them into the conflict as individuals. The location where the story takes place is the eastern town of Osjek in Croatia. Monday, 6:00 a.m.- 30 men are preparing themselves for battle in the former Yugoslavian civil war between the Serbs and the Croats. Only five of the men have ever been formally trained by any kind of professional army. The other 25 are mainly comprised of individuals who have not been able to function in civilian society well and find the challenge and danger of being a mercenary in Croatia as something rewarding and enjoyable. The first 5 minutes of the video is an introduction into surroundings and mindsets of a couple of these men. Kit is the first individual who is formally introduced and he remains one of the staple characters that is interviewed throughout the video. He is the company commander and leads the other men in the decision making process and also trains many of the men for battle. His primary philosophy in training is not to treat them to be an army, but instead train them to survive. Carl is an expert in explosives and decided to join this brigade because he thought it would be fun. He had been engaged in war efforts throughout the world, including Sudan, Sri Lanka, and West Africa. He had even been involved in hijacking a plane and kidnapping various amounts of people in Suriname, which he considered to be one of the most exciting and fulfilling phases of his life. Tuesday: There had been a ceasefire since January, but it truly does not exist because around 150 people had died since that "ceasefire" claim. The men are back at company headquarters preparing themselves for battle and also showing off the various amounts of ammunition such as grenades and automatic weapons that they have ample access to. There is a red alert but Kit and the company have to wait until they called in by the guards. This night it does not happen. Introduced to Dave: "Once you live with the people who have gone through so much of the pain and suffering all you want to do is kill for them." "I always wanted to kill someone legally." He is the craziest on of the bunch and even says that he is on the brink of insanity. Display of mutilated bodies and the various atrocities that occurred throughtout that region. Briefing of Covert Operations that will be intiated across enemy lines. Eduardo Florez is introduced. He is another one of the lead commanders who helps out Kit. Eduardo is from Spain and was a journalist before he started being a mercenary. He realized that journalism was not a career for him because could not remain neutral for more then a week. After that he clearly chose which side was right and wrong. The objectives of the covert operation were to destroy an take back prisoners. Wednesday: All of the men were gathered down by the lake to go over some practice runs in their inflatable boats. Dave mentioned that all the access to weapons, gernades, etc. made him feel as though he was in Vietnam or some area where the law was what they said was the law. Andy - Went AWOL for the British Army. Roy - Mom thinks he is working at EuroDisney. Tea time - Back to headquarters. Kit mentioned that he joined the British Army in 1978 and 30 other men were in his brigade with him. Today only 10 people remain living. Kit said that he was a vagabond and did not belong in society as a civilian. Said that seeing his wife die a year ago was the hardest thing he has every seen and anything he see's during battle is going to be easy. Thursday: Carl had a drunken exchange with the Spanish Commander Eduardo and decided to leave. There was a call from the guards for them to act as support. After they support the guards they drive through the city to see the damage caused by possible shelling. Kit is trying to figure out where Carl went. He asked everyone in the house until he eventually found out that Eduardo had made a military arrest because he felt that Carl in his druken outrage was publicly mocking him and disobeying an officer. This was a test for Kit to see if he could keep the morale of his command up and also maintain his own emotions at the same time. Eduardo and Kit meet to discuss the covert operation that is supposed to occur later on in the night. Kit's company has been setting off bombs throughout the city to make it look as though the serbs are attacking more then they really are. This action will provide justification for the eminent retaliation that is about to occur. Friday: Back to main command I. Introduced to Frenchie: He is an individual who explains the emotions and personal ties that occur when you go into battle and the struggles that manifest during and proceeding the actual events. Men are seen outside playing a strange rendition of Rugby with a soccer ball. Justin - Explains why he loves his Automatic rifle so much and explains how your whole identity is shaped by the stories and acts that you perform here in this type of environment. Saturday: Another meeting is held about the covert operation and there is detailed discussion on how they are going to capture a prisoner. The operation to get behind Serbian lines was a success. They were able to kill one of the Serbian men and take another prisoner so that they could use him for interogation. After that they were all back at the Command Center where they were able to trade war stories of the previous hours. Kit was wounded during a subsequent operation behind enemy lines. When he recovers, he plans to join the fighting in Bosnia. Carl was released from military jail and returned to England. Dave was arrested after a German journalist was stabbed in a bar-room brawl.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language, VHS

  184. Jasenovac (documentary film)
    The film on the biggest Ustasha concentration camp for Serbs, Jews, Roma and antifascist Croats during WWII. Testimonies on terror. Very brutal scenes of mutilated bodies.
    Director: Lordan Zafranovic Croatia/Croatian language, VHS

  185. Ratlines (documentary film)
    Film on Ante Pavelic, "forgotten Fuerer of the WWII", head of the Indipendent State of Croatia. How he has escaped justice after WWII thanks to secret network that implicated Vatican and Western inteligence. American code name for that network was "Ratlines".
    Producer: Arts & Entertainment Network United Kingdom/English language; 1992, VHS

  186. Sarajevo: The Living and the Dead (documentary film)
    Croatian ex-patriot filmmaker living in Paris for 27 years returns in fall of 1992 to his country to make a film; put a human face on the war, hoping it will prompt world community to act. Some civilian destruction. Senada, a Muslim whose boyfriend is a Serb of Montenegrin heritage. She thinks there is no future for them in Bosnia, because of of deep division between ethnic communities.
    Director: Radovan Tadic; Producer: Frontline United Kingdom/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; 1-Mar-1994, VHS
    BA246

  187. Reports from Bosnia - Part 1 (news)
    A compilation of separate, updated reports on the situation in Bosnia. The deteriorating condition in Sarajevo is featured in many of the segments. Reports on renewed fighting, many by Martin Bell, in areas in central Bosnia such as Vitez, Kiseljak, Zenica, and Maglaj. Jeremy Bowen reports on an injured Bosnian girl, Irma Hadzimuratovic, and the improvement of her condition since being evacuated. Interviews with all types of Bosnian civilians throughout the segments. Also included are interviews with various British government officials, as well as politicians, in the former Yugoslavia.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; Jan-1994, VHS

  188. Mustafa (documentary film)
    Film on Mustafa Ostrvica (72), partisan from WWII. He is now in the Bosnian Army from the very beginning of the war. He speaks about his motives to join the army and describes how he made it so far.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA253

  189. Dubrovnik (raw footage)
    Shots of damaged buildings after shelling of the city. Some of shelling seen from distance.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Dec-1991, VHS
    BA256

  190. Forensic exhumation in village Kusonje, near Pakrac - Part 1 (raw footage)
    January 28: A total of 20 bodies exhumed from the mass grave. Croatian army soldiers in the field; some civilians present as well. They observe a potential mass grave. Bulldozer shown exhuming a potential mass grave. Forensic expert is present, including several persons who wear white coats (some seems to be European Union observers). Forensic expert finds on object that looks like a shoe. The first body is uncovered. Experts examine of the bodies and discuss origin of injuries and cause of death; the body that is being examined seems disfigured, with a large whole in the head. Other exhumed bodies shown. January 29: vehicles driving through a village; some houses covered with shrapnel holes; Croatian flag hangs in the street; a brief close-up of a damaged civilian house with the Serb graffiti (the four-S symbol) on the wall shown; the exhumation of the mass grave continues (the seventh body found); additional bodies exhumed; one of the bodies is blind-folded. The twelfth exhumed body shown.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Jan-1992, VHS
    BA257

  191. Rape and Forced Conversion (documentary film)
    Shorter testimonies of raped Muslim women and Muslims forced to convert to the Orthodox religion. Witnesses filed in Bosnian State Commission.
    Producer: State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA258 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military

  192. Destruction of Sacral, Cultural, Civil and Economic Complexes - Part 1 (documentary film)
    Sarajevo burning. Civilian and cultural destruction. Destroyed churches and mosques.
    Producer: State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1992, VHS
    BA259 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  193. Destruction of Sacral, Cultural, Civil and Economic Complexes - Part 2 (documentary film)
    Many destroyed mosques and churches, and in some cases, we see a picture of the building as it appeared before the war with a date which is assumed to be date it was built.
    Producer: State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1992, VHS

  194. Suffering of Civilians and Children (documentary film)
    Most of the footage used in this tape is produced by Bosnian TV. The program shows how shelling affected civilians in Sarajevo, Dobrinja, and the residential areas near the airport. The first 10 minutes shows hospitalized civilians, each accompanied by his or her doctor, who explains how the patient was injured and provides details about the patient's injuries. Three adults and 4 children are shown: Mehmed Kubatin, 39 years old, craftsmen, injured on June 17; Jasmina Dzano, housewife, 28 years old, injured in front of her house; Nusret Mujic, 39 years old, injured on June 29; An 8-year-old boy, injured in a shell explosion which killed his friend, his leg was amputated bellow the knee; a 12-year-old boy, suffered multiple injuries in a shell explosion, his arm was amputated, leg broken, suffered back injuries as well; Elvedin Kurahovic, born in 1975 injured by shrapnels in his left knee, where his bones were broken; Aldin ©also, born in 1976, injured by shrapnels. Berin Lacevic, a boy whose mother (Azra Lacevic), father (Asim Lacevic), and sister were killed while fetching water near the brewery in Sarajevo. He describes the incident. His uncle describes how the incident affected him. The scenes from the Brewery Massacre are featured. The footage shows the injured civilians, many of whom are children, brought into what looks like an emergency room. Very graphic images of the injuries shown, including a dead girl, slain man, and other injuries. A scene shows a shell sticking out from the cement, including many canisters, which implies that a shell exploded while people fetched water. A brief scene shows children doing laundry. Shelling of Alipasino Polje. Scenes from the Breadline Massacre; including scenes from a hospital that are subtitled in English. A brief excerpt from a woman's testimony included, with the Miskina Street in the aftermath of the massacre. A civilian man testifies about a shell explosion near his house, which killed his wife, Mediha Kurtovic, and his daughter, Zlata Kurtovic. He mentions several other family members who were also killed in the explosion. The interior of his house and the damage caused by the explosion shown. Newspaper obituaries of the children killed in the war shown. Voice over in English featured. Footage from November 1992, children playing soccer shown. A scene featuring people, civilians running under the sniper fire. A scene depicts a woman injured by the sniper fire. Mirzeta Fejzic, testifies about losing her baby in the final stage of pregnancy as a result of injury. Her doctor, Ahmo Kapetanovic, describes the injuries she suffered and surgical procedures she underwent. A scene shows a fetus that was killed inside the mother's womb. February 1993: Scenes from Sarajevo show people fetching water, collecting fire wood, children at play, children in school. Dr. Lutvo Hodzic describes diseases which affect children the most. His testimony is subtitled in English. Chyron at the end of the tape reads the following: In 11 months of war in Sarajevo there were 1275 children killed and12750 injured.
    Producer: State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1993, VHS
    BA261

  195. Middle Bosnia 1993-1994 (documentary film)
    Various atrocities in middle Bosnia. Massacre in village Bunino Selo, January 8/9, 1994: woman murdered; prisoner executed; assassination; unidentified civilian bodies; massacre in Krisancevo Selo December 24/25, 1993: unidentified civilian bodies; Santici, August 2, 1994: two civilians killed; Vitez, June 10, 1993: dead children, killed by grenade. Col. William Duncan, civilian victims at Krisancevo Selo, December 24/25, 1994.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1994, VHS

  196. Prof. Cherif Bassiouni Interview (interview)
    Interview with Professor Bassiouni who explains work of the UN Commission of Experts and its relation to the War Crimes Tribunal.
    Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 3-Mar-1994, VHS
    Reference material

  197. War Chronicle (report)
    A report on Croatia since declaring its independence, scenes of war in Dubrovnik, Vukovar, Prijedor, Slavonski Brod are shown, as well as civilian & sacral/cultural destruction, refugees fleeing and civilian bodies. A special segment focuses on how journalists and the UN were targeted in the war with raw footage journalists being attacked. Military personnel and graphic imagery are featured throughout.
    Producer: HRT (Croatia) Croatia/Croatian language; 1992, VHS

  198. Vukovar Poste Restante, Helicopter Segment (fiction film)
    Closing sceen from the feature film "Vukovar Poste Restante", with good aerial view of destroyed Vukovar.
    Director: Boro Draskovic; Producer: Danfilm, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language; Nov-1993, VHS
    BA265

  199. Dubrovnik (raw footage)
    Stipe Mesic visits Dubrovnik. Shots of the Yugoslav Army attack on Dubrovnik.
    Croatia/Croatian language; 1991, VHS
    BA266

  200. Split: Commission of Experts (raw footage)
    1. Alice Geis (mental health), 2. Sharon Crooks (lawyer), 3. Sava Hussain (lawyer), 4. Dr. Wanda Fremont (mental health). They are talking to each other most of the time and also try to arrange some interviews with victimes of war.
    United States/English language; Mar-1994, VHS

  201. Civilians Being Evacuated from Sarajevo (documentary film)
    UNCHR evacutation of refugee women, children and injured men. Much emotion as families are separated.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA268

  202. Forensic exhumation in village Kusonje, near Pakrac - Part 2 (raw footage)
    Words "Crna Gora" (Montenegro) sprayed over the sign in Cyrillic. Soldiers inspects an abandoned and burned military truck. Vehicles drive through a village. Male voice announces that they are passing through a village of Kukunjevac, coming from the direction of Lipik. The exhumed bodies inside a morgue. January 30: Doctors examine the bodies.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Jan-1992, VHS

  203. If Swallows Come Back (documentary film)
    Antiwar art piece. Questions related to isolation in a besieged city are asked and answers appeas on screen. No scenes of war; only a female is on screen.
    English language, VHS
    BA272

  204. War in Dubrovnik - Part 1 (raw footage)
    Hospital in Dubrovnik, interviews with wounded defenders. Destruction of civilian property; boats and buildings as they are being shelled and still burning.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Oct-1991, VHS
    Missing

  205. War on Civilians (raw footage)
    Inspection of villages Vocin, Zvecevo and Cetekovac near Podravska Slatina (Croatia) after massacre by Serbian paramilitary forces. Buildings still burning or smoldering, civilians lay dead where they fell; dead, tortured & burned bodies lined up.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Sep-1991, VHS
    BA275

  206. War Atrocities Against Civilian Populations (raw footage)
    The first entry of Croatian forces into villages Vetekovac, Cojlug and Balinci after "ethnic cleansing." Many dead civilians lay where they fell; in the grass, near the road. Destruction of civil. prop. Livestock heard and seen still roaming.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Sep-1991, VHS
    BA276

  207. Cetekovac, Vocin (Abduction) Part 1 (raw footage)
    Very graphic. Dead, tortured bodies on exam tables. Close-ups of many wounds. Many bodies are still clothed in civilian atire, including many elderly. Burned bodies. Many bodies with passports placed on top.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Sep-1991, VHS
    Missing

  208. Cetekovac, Vocin (Abduction) Part 2 (raw footage)
    Very graphic. Dead, tortured bodies on exam tables. Close-ups of many wounds. Many bodies are still clothed in civilian atire, including many elderly. Burned bodies. Many bodies with passports placed on top.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Sep-1991, VHS

  209. Work at IHRL (report)
    Short news report on work at IHRLI. Professor Bassiouni is interviewed along with a few of the volunteers.
    Producer: WBBM, Chicago United States/English language, VHS
    BA279

  210. War in Dubrovnik - Part 2 (raw footage)
    Civilian property destruction. Houses and ships burning. Heavy artillery`.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Oct-1991, VHS
    BA280

  211. Romeo & Juliet in Sarajevo (report)
    Story of Boško, a Serb and Admira, a Muslim, high school sweethearts shot as they fled Sarejevo, despite being assured safe passage. They died in each others arms. Family & friends remember them fondly. Some footage of war.
    Producer: Frontline Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 10-May-1994, VHS
    BA281

  212. Mythmaking: The Balkans (report)
    This independent report looks at how the mainstream media cover the Balkan wars. To counteract the inaccurate and simplistic reporting that pervades the mainstream television networks' programming and the print, this report attempts to explain history of the region and the rise of nationalism that led to current wars. The program features examples of inaccurate TV reporting and stereotypical phrases (i.e. "ancient hatreds, ethnic rivalries frozen in time that threaten to ignite," "irresolvable, irreconcilable differences") that the media use to describe the perplexing events in the Balkans. The propaganda war is also discussed. Croatian policy against minorities discussed.

    Participants: Laura Flanders of the Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (spent a long time covering Northern Ireland); Marina Komarecki, US correspondent, "B92" Radio, opposition radio in Belgrade; Ivo Skoric, US correspondent, Arkzin, the art/newspaper for the antiwar campaign in Croatia (25 Aug. 1992); Bill Weinberg, journalist and member of Balkan War Resource Group; representatives of the Center for Anti-war Action in Belgrade, Serbia and Antiwar Campaign Council from Zagreb, Croatia also featured
    Producer: Paper Tiger Productions United States/English language, VHS
    BA282

  213. Brcko: A Postcard From Home (documentary film)
    An investigation of ethnic cleansing incidents in Brcko, an ethnically mixed town in northern Bosnia that fell under Serb control at the beginning of the conflict in Bosnia. Much of Brcko's non-Serbs, some 20,000, had to flee to different parts of Europe and thousands are believed to have been murdered by the Serbs. Survivors' give testimonies of large scale killings and torture that took place in a port "Luka," police station, Hotel Posavina, Partisan Hall, and "farma." The accounts are accompanied with photographs of an act of murder and mass graves provide evidence of the Serbian crimes. Other statements are given from: Milos Vasic (journalist for Vreme magazine, Belgrade); Milorad Ekmecic (Professor of History at the University of Belgrade), Lawrence Eagleburger (former Secretary of State) accusing Vojislav Seselj of war crimes, and Vojislav Seselj (Head of the Serbian Radical Party).
    Producer: TV Dublin: Tuesday File English language; 22-Feb-1994, VHS
    Bad quality

  214. War Crimes Commission Testimony Re: Dubrovnik (interview)
    Various people speaking at UN War Crimes Commission regarding Dubrovnik.
    Producer: UN TV, Geneve Switzerland/French language, VHS
    BA284 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage

  215. Serbia: The Dream of a Greater Serbia/Serbien: Der Traum vom Grossreich (documentary film)
    This documentary studies the rise of Serbian nationalism in the former Yugoslavia as it came to a head in early 1991, shortly before the outbreak of full-scale war. The film begins with a brief overview of the Yugoslavia, describing the historical and political background, ethnic make-up, and geography of the region. The roots of the drive for a Greater Serbia are traced back to the renowned memorandum published by the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences in Belgrade, outlining Serbian territorial aspirations in the case of a disintegrating Yugoslavia. The program then reflects on the effort to immortalize the historic battle of Kosovo Polje (Field of Blackbirds) in 1389 as a means to exploit ethnic conflict. Footage is then shown from a modern Serbian TV movie which depicts the Serbs fighting the Turks. The documentary then delves into the relationship between Albanians and Serbs in Kosovo, from the era of Tito's Yugoslavia up to the early 90s, describing how the ethnic make-up in Kosovo has changed through the years as Serbs emigrated to other areas in Yugoslavia and Kosovar Albanians continued to maintain the highest birthrate in Europe. Kosovo's relative autonomy under Tito is explained, showing how Serbian nationalists succeeded during the late 80s in revoking freedoms enjoyed by the Albanian majority. The documentary likens the plight of Kosovo's Albanians to black South Africans under Apartheid, detailing how Serbian politicians gained control of key positions of power in Kosovo, fortifying their actions by creating an oppressive police force dominated by Serbs. The University Clinic of Pristina is cited as another prime example of an overall nationalist pattern in which the Serbian-controlled government in Kosovo arbitrarily replaced Albanian doctors with Serbian doctors. Serbian civilians are filmed and interviewed about being supplied with weapons by Serbian authorities. The documentary shows how the school system in Kosovo became a quasi-Serbian institution, enforcing a Serbian learning plan and eliminating intruction in the Albanian language, resulting in a boycott of all public schools in Kosovo by ethnic Albanians. Footage is shown of classes being taught by Albanian teachers in private homes. The documentary then shifts its focus to Banja Luka, one of Bosnia's largest cities. Ethnic Muslims' representation in politics, education, and police in Banja Luka and Bosnia are contrasted with that of Kosovo's ethnic Albanians. The concentrations of ethnic Serbs along the former border of the Austro-Hugarian Empire, from the Krajina region to Vojvodina, are discussed as providing the pretext for an ethnic geography supportive of the territorial aspirations of a Greater Serbia. The documentary also claims that the half million ethnic Germans that lived in Yugoslavia between World Wars were eventually driven out by the end of World War II. It is claimed that these were some the first victims of a coming Serbian nationalism, citing numerous books from German culture that can still be found at a school in Sremski Karlovski, Vojvodina. The program then shifts its focus back to the Krajina region, showing where ethnic concentrations of Catholic Croats and Orthodox Serbs are located. The affect of World War II's Croatian Ustasa state is then explored, showing how the region's history has played into the modern conflict, especially the massacres of Serbian civilians in Glina and Jasenovac. The documentary then shifts back to modern Yugoslavia, focusing on Tito's construction of the Yugoslav state after World War II and how the economies of the different republics became specialized. The size of Serbia's economy is described as modest, stemming from problems mounting after Tito's death such as scaled-back salaries and higher unemployment. The documentary asserts that economic conditions played a major role in the outbreak of conflict, largely because Serbia would have faced certain bankruptcy without the added revenue of republics such as Croatia and Slovenia to sustain itself. Tito and his ideas of a unified, socialist Yugoslavia are discussed as a failed institution. The military is cited as being in limbo, built on the foundations of a Yugoslav state, now with an uncertain future and prone towards violent complicitity in the drive for a Greater Serbia because of the overwhelming numbers of high-ranking Serbian officers. The program then returns to the Battle of Kosovo Polje, reflecting on how ethnic conflict once again threatens the region and questioning whether Croatia and Slovenia's bids for independence will become bloody conflicts by clashing with the ideals of a Greater Serbia. Interviews featured in the documentary include: Momcilo Trajkovic, Serbian Parliament Member in Kosovo, Dr. Bujar Bukoshi, Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), Serbian Patriarch Pavle Stojcevic, Milovan Djilas, author and ex-partisan critic of the Yugoslavian state, Dr. Dejan Medakovic, Professor at the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences, Damjan Antic, Mayor of Dvor, Milos Micic, Serbian Orthodox Priest, Stanka Lakovit, former Partisan, General Mate Pehjar, Military Academy of Belgrade. Other footage shown in the documentary includes: a funeral for a slain policeman in Pakrac; the Studenica and Pec Monasteries; ethnic Albanians in markets and cafes in Pristina, panaromas of Pristina; the University Clinic hospital in Pristina; ethnic Albanian schoolchildren in class; armed Serbian civilians and police units in Kosovo; city views of Banja Luka, Vojvodina, and Karlovac; destruction of civilian property and cultural heritage in the Krajina; Jasenovac; archival footage of Tito with Churchill and Kruschev; factories in Uzice, Serbia; guards at Tito's grave and state-office-turned-museum in Dedinje; and troops training at a special officers academy in Serbia.
    Director: Erich Macho; Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1991, adásnap: 1-Jul-1991, VHS
    BA285

  216. Allah's Sons in the Balkans: The Muslims Falling in Line/Allahs Soehne am Balkan: Die Moslems Formieren Sich (documentary film)
    This documentary by for ORF, in conjunction with RIAS TV, Berlin. Study of Muslim culture and its history within the Balkan region. Interviews with Jakub Selimoski, Reis-ul-ulema (Sarajevo), Alija Izetbegovic, Radovan Karadzic and Stjepan Kljuic, head of the Bosnian Croats.
    Director: Erich Macho; Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 7-Oct-1991, VHS
    BA286

  217. War in Dubrovnik - Part 3 (documentary film)
    Evacuation of civilians from Dubrovnik. Sceens of property destruction.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Nov-1991, VHS

  218. The Soul of Sarajevo: Scenes from a Besieged City/Die Seele von Sarajevo: Szenen aus einer Belagerten Stadt (documentary film)
    This documentary profiles various people: a student, a filmmaker, an opera singer and cellist, among others.
    Director: Klaus H. Hipfel; Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 28-Jun-1993, VHS
    BA288

  219. A War Against Women/Krieg Gegen Frauen (television program)
    This documentary focuses on the specific targeting of women since the outbreak of war in the former Yugoslavia in 1991. The film begins by tracing the history of rape during warfare, first citing examples from the Bible, then likening the plight of women in the Balkans to that of women in other historic wars such as WWI and WWII, including archival footage from Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Iraq, Germany, and Korea. Many testimonies are featured with women who endured rape and other maltreatment. Different members of the Bosnian community are interviewed about the effect of the war on women there, primarily Muslims. The documentation center in Zagreb is highlighted as well for its efforts to document the experience of refugees and record war crimes. Doctors are interviewed about abortion as a potential option and its effect on the women.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 26-Jan-1993, VHS
    BA289 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  220. The Suffering of Women in Bosnia (report)
    Short news report about Crimes Commission in Geneva. Professor Bassiouni is interviewed. They visit IHRLI and discuss data base. UN Field Investigator says he hasn't seen much of a paper trail which can convict perpetrators.
    English language; 31-Mar-1994, VHS
    BA290 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  221. War Crimes Tribunal (report)
    Eight minute piece about War crimes Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia. Men in camps. Arkan seen briefly, Milosevic in brief interview denying he had anything to do with ordering of atrocities, Professor Bassiouni, Judge Goldstone interviewed. Footage included: Manjaca camp; soldiers cooking at Manjaca camp.
    Producer: BBC World Service United Kingdom/English language; 29-Aug-1994, VHS
    BA291

  222. Burning Embers/Die Lunte brennt (report)
    Mounting tension between ethnic Albanians and Serbs in the formerly autonomous region of Kosovo. The report focuses on how the Serbian central authority revoked Kosovo's autonomy and now dominates the region with violent suppression of all resistance. Footage of both a Serbian police officer's funeral and a Kosovar Albanian civilian are shown, as well as clashes between ethnic Albanians and Serbian police. Pictures and footage of abused Kosovo Albanians show severe maltreatment by the Serbian police, corroborated by Gazmed Pula, Head of the Helsinki Committee in Kosovo. The closing of Albanian schools and high unemployment are also discussed. Chatir Chatiri of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) and Zoran Gligorijevic of the Serbian Socialist Party both speak on the present situation in Kosovo. Interviews with the small Croatian minority in Janjevo, giving a broad view of the ethnic make-up within Kosovo. Amateur footage of Serbian police confiscating voting ballots after Albanians voted to set up their own government in Kosovo
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 21-Jul-1992, VHS
    BA293
    A Serbian Magician/Ein Serbischer Magier (report)
    Program about Milic od Macve, a Serbian surrealist painter and magician who calls himself prince of vampires.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language, VHS

  223. This is Croatia (propaganda film)
    Program on history, people, religion and art of the country.
    Producer: HTV, Croatia Croatia/English language, VHS
    BA294B

  224. The Secret Capital/Die Heimliche Hauptstadt (report)
    The broadcast focuses on the Bosnian city of Zenica during the war. Daily life in the besieged city is reflected on, showing destroyed buildings, the downtown market, and people waiting for food rations. The report highlights the ongoing problem of war profiteers stealing humanitarian aid and reselling it on the local market at prices few can afford. Refugees from surrounding villages are then shown giving testimonies to workers from the Zenica Documentation Center. The documentation center collects, records, and archives material evidence of war crimes in addition to the testimonies gathered, all in the hope that it will help build a case for an international tribunal. At the time of the report the ICTY had yet to be established. Ragib Hadzic, head of the Zenica Documentation Center, explains how the evidence is collected and the difficulties in working with the UN and other international organizations. Pictures and documents of accused perpetrators are shown with detail, including those of Veselin Nikolic. Prisoners are shown in the Zenica prison and some are interviewed.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1993, VHS
    BA295 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Etnbhnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    NATO - The Fleet is Prepared/NATO - Die Flotte Steht Bereit (report)
    This broadcast focuses on the role of NATO while some of the fiercest fighting was ongoing in Bosnia. American military interviewed on warships off the coast, examining the reality of NATO readiness in the case it is called into action.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1993, VHS
    Children in War/Kinder in Krieg (report)
    Children in Sarajevo and their war frustrations. How the siege changed their life and game they play. Also several children soldiers shown.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1993, VHS
    Master of Survival/Die Uberlebenskunstler (report)
    This broadcast focuses on life in Serbia under international sanctions. The opinions vary from those of the new, rich elite, and those striving not to appear affected by the sanctions, to the poor and those dependent upon the state such as pensioners. Also mentioned is the difference between the Serbs of Serbia proper and those who have come from Krajina and Bosnia. Included are statements by Stasa Zajevic, during Women in Black protest, and Vuk Bojovic of the Belgrade Zoo, among others.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1993, VHS
    Island at War/Insel im Krieg (report)
    This program depicts life in Mrkopalj village in Istra where Croats and Serbs live peacefully together despite the raging war. Also depicted is Jasenak village where the Serbian majority lives with Croatian refugees from Eastern Slavonia. Interviews with village mayors, refugees and village inhabitants.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1993, VHS
    Serbia's Other Eye/Serbiens zweites Auge (report)
    Program about Montenegro's political status while wars in Bosnia and Croatia are continuing, particularly relations between ethnic Montenegrins and Muslims.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1993, VHS
    Birthday Without Illusions/Geburtstag ohne Illusionen (report)
    Focus on Slovenia as an independent republic. Report on economy and military of the region.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1993, VHS
    Russians on the Front Line/Russen and der Front (report)
    Russian Kosak soldiers who fight as mercenaries in the war for Serbia. Historic ties explored through shared religion, Slavic language, etc. Soldiers throughout the training shown.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1993, VHS
    Survival/Überleben (report)
    Life in Srebrenica as a UN-designated "Safe Area," before the final siege by the Bosnian Serbs. Refugees who have flooded the town from the surrounding areas are shown on the brink of starvation. UN troops are seen in various parts of the report distributing food and water, as well as cordoning off areas from the civilians and monitoring weapons confiscated from the Muslim defenders. Interviews are conducted with many of the refugees, as well as with UN personnel. The program is filled with footage of destruction throughout the city, accompanied by commentary on the dire living conditions. Medicine, food, water, and shelter are all described as in extremely short supply. UN convoys are said to be blocked due to the Bosnian Serbs' encircling of the city.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language, VHS
    In-between/Eingekeilt (report)
    Political and economic situation in Macedonia, particularly focusing on: the presence of US troops. Difference in social position between Macedonian Christians and Albanians; and ethnic tensions in Supa village (near the Macedonia/Albanian border). Statements by: Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov; members of the ethnic Macedonian and Albanian Macedonian communities.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language, VHS

  225. Empty Words/Leere Worte (report)
    A short report on Milan Panic's activities as a minister in the former Yugoslavia. Panic organizes a trip to Sarajevo in a push for peace. He designates white armbands as a symbol to be worn by all those who support peace in the region. After landing in Sarajevo with the media in tow, Panic's idealism is quickly grounded by the reality of the situation in Sarajevo. Panic is shown posing for cameras with Gen. Ratko Mladic, commander of the Bosnian Serb army, while promising that the shelling from the surrounding hills will cease on the following day. He then returns to Belgrade to board his own plane for meetings with the UN in New York. In closing, the report cites how fighting resumed as soon as Panic left Sarajevo.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS
    BA293
    Children's Song/Das Leid der Kinder (report)
    This broadcast focuses on the suffering of children in the war in Bosnia, primarily in Sarajevo, and the physical and psychological injuries caused by war. Interviews are conducted with children in various places throughout the city, including the plight of children in one of Sarajevo's orphanages. The predicament of mentally retarded children is also shown. Through a study of its youngest inhabitants, the reporters seek to dramatize the deteriorated condition of the city in the broadcast.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS
    Fleeing Into the War/Flucht in den Krieg (report)
    Focus of the program is Slavonski Brod. Statements of number of refugees from Bosnia; refugee camps. Derventa and Zupanja are mentioned too
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS
    Power and Powerless/Macht und Ohnmacht (report)
    This report focuses on Kosovo, one of the poorest regions of Europe, and its ethnic Albanian majority population. Interviews are held with Zivorad Igic, Serbian Governor of Kosovo, and Ibrahim Rugova, President of LDK for ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, detailing the political tension between ethnic Serbs and Albanians. The report focuses on the suppression of the ethnic Albanian majority by the Serbian state through the use of force. A section in the report shows Serbian Police attacking Albanian demonstrators. The Serbian regime's shut down of the Albanian language school system in Kosova is also explored, including interviews with students. The closing down of other state civilian institutions such as hospitals is also focused on. Other footage includes: street life in Kosova; Albanian students receiving instruction in private homes; ethnic Albanian writers meeting in Pristina; and ethnic Albanian neighborhoods in Kosovo. Other interviews include: Dr. Sali Haxhiu, gynecologist; Agron Dida, LDK Delegate to the ethnic Albanian "shadow parliament" in Kosovo; and various Albanian civilians.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS
    Visit to Karlovac/Besuch in Karlovac (report)
    Karlovac has a historical significance for the Serbs as it was a border between the Ottoman Empire and Serbia. Since the war began the majority of the predominantly Croatian Serb population has fled to safer areas. Karlovac was also a key Yugoslav army post and ammunition storage during the old Yugoslavia. Interviews with remaining Karlovac residents.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS
    Gangleader As a Hero for Freedom/Bandenchef als Freiheitsheld (report)
    Profiles Muslim warlord Juka Prazina and his men. Focus on how Juka has organized and trained his men to defend Sarajevo.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS
    The Fear of One's Neighbors/Angst vor den Nachbarn (report)
    This broadcast focuses on Macedonia, the former republic of Yugoslavia, and its new-found independence. President Kiro Gligorov is interviewed throughout the report, discussing international recognition of Macedonia. The dispute between the Macedonian government and Greece is also highlighted, describing how each have claim laid to the title of Macedonia. The tension between ethnic Albanians and Macedonians is also discussed. The economic crisis in the region is explained, showing how Macedonia is ineligible for aid from international organizations because, as of this report, it had not yet been internationally recognized.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS
    The Power Struggle/Der Machtkampf (report)
    This report covers the political scene within Belgrade and throughout Serbia proper. The struggle for power between the government and the opposition is focused on as the election approaches. Statements and interviews are given from officials of the various political parties. Statements by Zoran Djindjic, Vuk Draskovic, Belgrade student leaders. Footage of the Yugoslav army (JNA); Serbian Radical Party members; people waiting in line for gasoline; student protesters handing out roses to Serbian police at March 8, 1992 demonstrations
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS
    Cleansed Villages/Gesäuberte Dörfer (report)
    Report on life in Hrtkovci village (renamed into Srboslavci) in the Srem area of Vojvodina, village made up of ethnic Croats and Serbs. Local residents describe how nationalists are trying to cause animosity among Serbs and Croats who have lived together for hundreds of years. Statements by Serbs and Croats who want to live together; Serb police Chief Marinko Kresoja; Yugoslav Minister for Human Rights Momcilo Grubac, and Serbian volunteer soldier. Footage: Manjaca footage with BBC, Treci kanal, and RTS logos.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS
    Fear Circulating/Angst geht um (report)
    This broadcast focuses on the ethnic Hungarian minority in Vojvodina, a formerly autonomous region now controlled by Serbia. Ethnic Hungarians from the former Yugoslavia living in Budapest and Novi Sad, capital of the region, are interviewed about the war. The plight of ethnic Hungarians in Vojvodina during the conflict is explored, showing how many face conscription to fight for a Serbian-controlled JNA, as well as their relationship to Hungary proper. Andras Agostan, leader of the ethnic Hungarians in Vojvodina, and Maja Gojkovic, representative for the Serbian Radical Party in the region, speak on the present situation there.
    Producer: ORF, Austria Austria/German language; 1992, VHS

  226. TV Bihac (television program)
    Program on Bosnian Army activities near Bihac. Some military/paramilitary, destruction of civil property. Potential witnesses? Military airport near Bihac.
    Producer: TV Bihac Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA297

  227. Gorazde 1992 (documentary film)
    Long interviews/testimonies about ethnic clansing in Gorazde area by local Serbs. Refugees in camps and under open sky. Some graphic hospital scenes near the end. Potential witnesses?
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; Sep-1992, VHS
    BA298

  228. Sarajevo: A Street Under Siege (January 4-7,10-14, 17-21, 24-28, 31 and February 1-4, 1994) (documentary film)
    This is a collage of 2-minute reports from Sarajevo, beginning with the 637th day of siege. Each report focuses on different aspects of everyday life of the residents of one street, showing how they cope and survive in the city without electricity, water supplies, heating fuel, food, medication, and under heavy shelling. Stories included show how elderly people are affected by the situation, how war has forced children to grow up early, how doctors live and work, how New Year's Eve is celebrated, how Sarajevans cope with fear, how the humanitarian aid is distributed, women speaking about having babies during the war, and their efforts to maintain a pleasant appearance.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; Jan-1994, VHS
    BA299

  229. Sarajevo: A Street Under Siege (February 7-11, 14-18, 21-24, 28, March 1- 4, 7-11, 1994) (documentary film)
    This is a collage of 2-minute reports from Sarajevo, beginning with the 671st day of siege. Each report focuses on different aspects of everyday life of the residents of one street, showing how they cope with losing loved ones in massacres, how they deal with the lack of food, how children get education during the war, how elderly people cope, how pre-natal classes are organized for pregnant women, residents awaiting NATO intervention on the Serb positions and how people's lives are improved by the NATO ultimatum that resulted in Serbs withdrawing their heavy artillery around Sarajevo.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; Feb-1994, VHS
    partially bad sound

  230. Children in War in Croatia (documentary film)
    Child victims of the war. Children in cramped living conditions, injured children in hospitals, how the children are affected by the war. Some civilian destruction, military personnel present.
    Producer: HRT Croatia/English language; 1992, VHS
    BA304
    Children Drawing the War (television program)
    Children seen drawing the war from their varying perspectives. In many cases we see the art alone. The precision and detail of their drawings is chilling.
    Producer: HRT Croatia/Danish language; 1992, VHS
    BA305

  231. Karlovac Ex-Detainees Interviewed (raw footage)
    Refugee camp in Karlovac, Croatia. UNHCR worker interviews some of 755 refugees just arrived from Manjaca camp; the second group of detainees to be released. Most still have family members in the camp.
    Croatia/Croatian language; Nov-1992, VHS
    BA306

  232. War Crimes Against Women (documentary film)
    This film features Jandranka Cigelj, a Bosnian Croat attorney from Prijedor, who was in Omarska and now gathers testimony of survivors to assist the Internation War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague. She and Nusreta Sivac, a Muslim judge also from Prijedor, work together to document what they and other women like them endured in the war. Roy Gutman, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, mentions rape incidents in Foca, where women were raped in the sports hall located right next to the police station. Interviews with many women are conducted, detailing their experiences of rape, torture, and maltreatment during the war.
    Director: Mandy Jacobson United Kingdom/English language, VHS
    BA307 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  233. TJ MIDI (news)
    French. News report. Courts & judges seen. Professor Bassiouni interviewed. No war footage.
    Producer: Television Suisse Romande Switzerland/French language; 20-Apr-1994, VHS
    BA308

  234. The Crusaders: Bosnia Segment (report)
    Profiles 3 Americans and their efforts to aid in former Yugoslavia. Diane, a wife and mother of 2 from Baltimore, gave 6 months to be a Red Cross volunteer. Toby, a 20ish male from DC drives refugees to safety for the UN. Sonjia, who has served in the US military, works as a UN Medivac coordinator, airlifting critically injured victims out of the country.
    United States/English language, VHS
    BA309 • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  235. Diplomatic License (report)
    Discussion on War Tribunals; both the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. In one part of show, Professor Bassiouni is interviewed
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 13-Aug-1994, VHS
    movie theatre version

  236. Arkan's Tigers - Serbian Volunteer Guard/Arkanovi Tigrovi - Srpska Dobrovoljacka Garda (propaganda film)
    This film is about the Serbian Volunteer Guard, formed by Arkan (Zeljko Raznjatovic) on October 11, 1990. Its tasks are to defend Serbian people and to preserve Serbian values and Serbian unity. - Arkan is shown speaking to his soldiers before a fight urging them to keep up their morale, at a funeral giving a eulogy, and planning an attack on an area near Vukovar and Borovo Naselje. - "Tigers" fighting in Luzac and Laslovo in Nov. 1992, after which the Serbs took over control of these two towns. 00:29:00 - Arkan shown strategizing an attack on Luzac (November 2, 1991) where he outlines what the army is responsible for and what his unit is expected to do. Direct reference to Arkan's units cooperation with the Yugoslav army (JNA). - Arkan's speech in Luzac in 1992 where he describes how Luzac was liberated from the Croatian army. - "Tigers" entering Laslovo on November 25, 1991. A Laslovo resident praises Arkan one year later at a ceremony. - Interview with Borislav Pelevic - Interview with Zeljko Stanvukovic - talks about why he joined the Guard, and how the Guard is trained. - Arkan in a church with his Guard soldiers being baptized; Arkan asking a little boy to sing the "Tigers" song.
    Director: Borislav Pelevic Serbian language; 1992, VHS
    BA312 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military

  237. These Are Our Children/Evo naše djece (documentary film)
    November 1990, unearthing of bones of women & children thrown into pit near Medjugorje by ustasa in August 1941.
    Producer: TV Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English; 1991, VHS
    BA313

  238. The Boulevard of the Revolution/Bulevar revolucije (fiction film)
    Policeman and his daughter live in Revolution Boulevard, which is consisted of Oriental and European elements. The girl falls in love with a young man, member of Belgrade mafia. Her father confronts him, each of them trying to win her affection. Their clash ends in tragedy.
    Director: Vladimir Blazevski Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1992, VHS
    BA314

  239. Serbian Democratic Party/Srpska demokratska stranka (documentary film)
    Program on the establishment of Serbian Democratic Party in Kninska Krajina, Croatia. Long historical digressions. A portrait of Jovan Raskovic, the first president of SDP.
    Producer: Institute for Film and Video, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language, VHS
    BA315

  240. Heroes from Semberija/Semberski junaci (television program)
    Military songs. Lot of backgroung war sceens. Vocal Rodoljub Vulovic Roki.
    Director: Dragoljub Stevanovic; Producer: Filmske novosti, Beograd Yugoslavia/Serbian language, VHS
    BA316

  241. Marijan Juric Statement (live broadcast)
    Nationalistic speach of Marijan Juric, Deputy of the Croatian Democtratic Union party in the Croatian Parliament.
    Croatia/Croatian language/Subtitles: English; 1-Aug-1991, VHS
    BA320 • Torture • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    The Great Evil Returns (documentary film)
    Serbian refugees from Vukovar, Banija, Bosnian Kostajnica, forced to leave by Croats, tell their stories.
    Producer: TV Novi Sad Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English; 4-May-1991, VHS

  242. Pictures Taken in Croatia in the Areas Inhabited by the Serbs (report)
    This tape has 3 parts: 1) Croats take over towns Kijevo and Bjelo Brdo. Refugees and witnesses tell their stories. Civilian destruction. Tortured bodies. 2) Refugees tell stories. 3) Historical review of Croatia.
    Producer: TV Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1991, VHS
    BA321

  243. The Planned Genocide of the Serbs of Bosanski ©amac (propaganda film)
    Explanation of the war in Bosnia from Serbian point of view, blaming just one side. Refugees and witnesses tell their stories. Many dead civilians.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA322 • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  244. To kad uvati ne pusta (fiction film)
    Montenigrian version of the theme of "imaginary invalid".
    Director: Zivko Nikolic Serbo-Croatian language; 1988, VHS
    partially bad quality

  245. Bosnia Concentration Camp for Serbs - Part 1 (raw footage)
    Corpses after massacre. Victims testimonies. Paramilitary and civilians are shown loading bodies of civilians on and off the trucks.
    (No dialogue) language; Aug-1992, VHS
    BA324

  246. Bosnia Concentration Camp for Serbs - Part 2 (raw footage)
    This tape features hand-held footage of Serbian troops in action, including destruction of civilian property, tortured corpses, and bodies in rivers.
    (No dialogue) language; 29-Aug-1992, VHS
    BA326

  247. Crimes and Criminals/Etats d'Urgence - Yugoslavie: Crimes et Criminels (documentary film)
    This film focuses on atrocities committed in the former Yugoslavia. Death camp footage from Bosnia is featured, including interviews with rape victim Nusreta and Jadranka from the Prijedor area. The JNA generals and forces are discussed, as well as the paramilitary units of Vojislav Seselj and Zeljko Raznatovic Arkan, the White Eagles and the Tigers, respectively. Civilian destruction is shown in Vukovar, Stupni Do and other areas. Civilians describe atrocities they witnessed, supplemented by footage of dead bodies. Additional interviews with many other experts.
    Producer: France 3 France/French language, VHS
    BA327 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  248. Resnik Refugee Camp, Croatia (raw footage)
    Betsy Dribben interviews Muslim refugees, survivors of ethnic cleansing, living in the Resnik refugee camp, Croatia. Nijaz Hadzic, survivor from Omarska prison camp, says that he witnessed murdering of other inmates. He mentions Dusko Tadic. An incident when one inmate was forced to bite off testicles of another inmate described. A woman tells she was forced to leave her home. The rest of her testimony is incoherent. Footage of Resnik refugee camp, children playing. There are about 60 women, refugees from Bosnia who volunteer in a kitchen within the refugee camp. One of them briefly speaks about their work.
    Croatia/Croatian language/Voice-over: English, VHS
    BA329 • Prison Camps • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  249. Tuzla - Various Interviews (interview)
    First part are interviews with prisoners of war forcefully mobilized by Yugoslav Army near Tuzla. Refugee photos and interviews; an Arabic language narrative of the first months of the war.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA330

  250. Zehra Turijacanin Testimony (interview)
    Zehra Turijacanin, a Bosnian Muslim female from Visegrad, tells how she was burned by the Serbs.
    Producer: State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA331 • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  251. Doctors Without Borders Bosnia PSAs (interview)
    Two males and one female, survivors of Omarska, Keraterm and Trnopolje prison camps, give brief testimony of atrocities they witnessed.
    United States/Bosnian language/Voice-over: English, VHS
    BA332 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  252. The Bosnian Holocausts (propaganda film)
    From a Muslim viewpoint, an appeal to Muslims worldwide to help through various relief agencies. Much suffering seen. Refugees, military personnel present, civilian and cultural destruction. Bodies, mass graves.
    Producer: Human Relief Agency Egypt Arabic language, VHS
    BA333

  253. Mostar (raw footage)
    First few minutes are of a deserted Mostar. Civilian destruction. Most of the tape is soldiers in woods, rigging explosive devices.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language, VHS
    BA334

  254. Bodariste (mortars) 6/24/94/ martin s. cemetery (1st anniversary) June 25, 1994 (raw footage)
    Soldiers involved in various activities, at graveside service, talking, sitting around table.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language; 24-Jun-1994, VHS
    No language

  255. Witness Statements - Part 1 (interview)
    Sarajevo's burned out national library; burned out and destroyed trams and trains; two men in black uniforms trying to explain why the Olympic stadium was shelled; destroyed Olympic skating ring; Olympic stadium - a woman living across the stadium describes in the background how the stadium was shelled and how it burned; 00:18:00 - destroyed Kosevo hospital from outside with Red Cross flag on top; 00:26:00 - inside of bombed out Kosevo hospital; 00:33:00 - man describes how Hotel Evropa was shelled when it was found out it was housing around 700 refugees; inside of destroyed Hotel Evropa; 00:39:00 - village Orahovci (Visegrad area) where Muslim houses are being burned down; damaged minaret; 00:44:58 - woman, then a man, from Rozaci village talks about Muslim houses deliberately destroyed by Bosnian Serb army - names former Serb neighbors who participated in the raids; 00:56:00 - medical worker from Visegrad (Mikavac) talks about Bosnian Serb attacks and the taking away of Bosnian Muslim men; identifies Milan Lukic as the commander of Bosnian Serb forces and several of his soldiers; talks about being interrogated by Lukic; describes how he survived execution by Lukic's men; 01:17:29 - statement by an elderly man from Cajnice county how the Bosnian Serb army destroyed and burned his village; identifies Dusko Kornjaca (former mayor of Cajnice), White Eagle commanders Novak Todorovic and Srbo Stanic as leaders of soldiers; lists all Muslim villages burned; 01:19:50 - Visegrad woman having her burned hands cleaned and bandaged; describes how she was taken from her home to Bajina Basta; she was the only one out of 70 people who survived being burned alive in a house by Bosnian Serb forces.
    Producer: SAGA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA336

  256. Witness Statements - Part 2 (interview)
    Continuation of the interview with badly burned woman (same person as cassette #250) and 5-6 others from Višegrad who give testimony (among them Aziz Beširović, Dejan Čolić, and Fahrudin Bećirović).
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA337

  257. Witness Statements - Part 3 (interview)
    Interview with Hasan Meseldžić, dentist in Višegrad health center. He witnessed Serb military forces' atrocities committed between April 4 and June 18, 1992, among them hundreds of murders at the Drina bridge. He describes cases of Hasan Brko on June 12, his own on June 16, and Dr Derviš Barjakarević. Mass murderer Milan Lukić mentioned and General Dragoljub Ojdanić as allowing soldiers to loot the houses. A Serb from the village near Ilidža, a captive, tells about weapons delivered and organization of the local military unit.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS

  258. Witness Statements - Part 4 (interview)
    Continuation of tape #257, interviews with captives, the older man and than Šurlanovac Bogdan, from Kakanj, middle-aged man in uniform. The next is Avdić Hakija, youth in a leather jacket, and older blond woman from Vogošća.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS

  259. Witness Statements - Part 5 (interview)
    Testimony of Slavko Jovanović about looting TAS car factory in Vogošća and morale on the line. First 10 minutes is audio only. Continuation of the interview with last woman from tape #258. Than Sretko Damjanović from Vogošće, captured in November 1992. Children from Sarajevo talk on their own war experiences.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1992, VHS
    BA340

  260. Witness Statements - Part 6 (interview)
    Continuation of tape #259. A boy describes how he and his mother were forced bt Serb military forces to collect dead bodies at the front. Various other children are interviewed.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1992, VHS
    BA341

  261. Women's Commission Trip - Part 1 (raw footage)
    Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children delegation arrival in Sarajevo.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language; Oct-1993, VHS

  262. Women's Commission Trip - Part 2 (raw footage)
    Shoots of devastated Sarajevo made during Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children visit.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language; Oct-1993, VHS
    BA350

  263. Women's Commission Trip - Part 3 (raw footage)
    Shoots made during Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children visit to Zagreb, Slavonski Brod and refugee camp Gasinci, near Đakovo.
    English language; Oct-1993, VHS

  264. Commission of Experts trip (edited version) (documentary film)
    Commission of Experts tour of Sarajevo and Central Bosnia, including visits to Dobrinja, Oslobođenje, Koševo hospital, Old Town, Zenica, Tuzla and a brief look at Ahmići.
    Producer: BiH TV English language; Mar-1994, VHS
    BA352

  265. Ahmići/Women's Commission Trip (raw footage)
    Shot made during Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children visit to village Ahmići, near Zenica, place of a massacre of the civilians.
    Producer: Linden Productions Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language; Mar-1993, VHS
    BA353

  266. Death in Sarajevo (documentary film)
    Tvrtko Kulenović, Bosnian writer, contemplates the theme of death, combined with shots of destructed Sarajevo (The National Library burning), Mladić, Karadžić, Milošević, Borislav Herak. Interviews with victims of war.
    Director: Haris Prolić; Producer: Filmski arhiv - FAOS; RTV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Voice-over: English; Feb-1994, VHS
    BA354 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military

  267. British News Broadcasts - Part 1 (news)
    Western journalists, Ejup Ganić, Haris Silajdžić, Warren Christopher, General Lewis MacKenzie talk about the lack of involvement of the West in Bosnian conflict and the lack of force/action taken by the UN against the Serbs. Talk about attempts to make the world believe the Muslims were committing atrocities just as bad as the Serbs, but no evidence was found.
    Producer: Twenty Twenty Television United Kingdom/English language; 1994, VHS
    BA355 • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  268. British News Broadcasts - Part 2 (news)
    Former US President Jimmy Carter flies to Sarajevo to negotiate a 4 month cease fire with the warring parties.
    United Kingdom/English language, VHS
    BA356 • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military
    A Soldier's Peace - Part 1 (documentary film)
    Major-General Lewis MacKenzie's personal account of his peacekeeping experiences, including Bosnia. The film is based on his book "Peacekeeper- The Road to Sarajevo".
    Director: David Kirk; Producer: Screenlife Incorporated Canada/English language; 1994, VHS

  269. BBC News Broadcasts (news)
    News focusing mainly on the winter conditions in Sarajevo during a temporary cease-fire.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA357 • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military
    Rose's War (documentary film)
    BBC's Foreign Affairs Editor John Simpson critically examines the controversial peacekeeping mission of General Sir Michael Rose, commander of UN troops in Bosnia. The question of UN Safe Areas is posed and how the UN dealt with situation in Bihać and Goražde under General Rose's command. General Rose interviewed extensively, as to the Safe Areas, the role of UN Peacekeepers, and the future implications for the UN.
    United Kingdom/English language; 1995, VHS

  270. ARD Kulturreport (documentary film)
    Story on production group SAGA and their films on everyday life in besieged Sarajevo. Soros activities to help the people in Sarajevo. Ademir Kenović and George Soros interviewed
    Germany/German language; 16-Jan-1994, VHS
    BA358 • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military

  271. ABC World News Tonight (news)
    Short clip about CIA report which confirms that 90% of atrocities in former Yugoslavia were committed by Serbs. Quick footage of camps, military. Asst. Sec. of State, Richard Holbrook presents report. Segment of speech by Defense Secretary Perry. Bob Dole interviewed.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 9-Mar-1995, VHS
    BA359 • Prison Camps • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military

  272. A Sign of Hope/Un Brote de Esperanza (report)
    The report focuses on areas of ongoing fighting, showing civilian victims and destroyed towns. UN soldiers are interviewed as well as numerous politicians involved with the conflict. An update on peace negotiations for Bosnia in London.
    Spain/Spanish language; 1995, VHS
    Serb language, English subtitles
    The Reasonable Doubt/La Duda Razonable (report)
    Investigation into the mysterious death of the Swiss journalist Christian Wurtenberg and how it related to his work in exposing covert backers of the war in Croatia. Julio Cesar Alonzo, another Spanish journalist, alleges and attempts to reconstruct how the Croatian International Brigade Commander, Eduardo Rosa Flores, killed Wurtenberg.
    Producer: TV Espanola Spain/Spanish language; 1995, VHS
    BA360 • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  273. Below the Fire of Mostar/Bajo el Fuego de Mostar (report)
    This report deals with UN soldiers from Spain, in and around Mostar, and their experiences and understanding of the conflict between the Bosnians and the Croatians.
    Spain/Spanish language, VHS
    A Conundrum of the Balkans/El Rompecabezas de los Balcanes (report)
    On Vance-Owen peace plan and ethnic cleansing in Bosnia.
    Spain/Spanish language; 1993, VHS

  274. Croations & Serbians: A Thousand Years of Hate/Croatas y Serbios, Mil Anos de Odio (report)
    A quick overview of the historical roots of tension between the two communities. Short segment with Franjo Tuđman.
    Spain/Spanish language, VHS
    BA362 • Military/Para-Military

  275. Sarajevo, the City Where Journalists Don't Want to Shut up/Sarajevo: La ville ou les journalistes ne veulent pas se taire (report)
    Panel discussion on the media situation in Sarajevo. Interviews with journalists from printed and electronic media in Sarajevo on their work and reporting in war conditions. Guests in the studio: Predrag Matvejević, Zlatko Dizdarević, and Mirsada Šakić-Hatibović.
    Germany/German language; 10-Feb-1993, VHS
    Why Sarajevo?/Pourquoi Sarajevo? (documentary film)
    On historical background of the conflict in Bosnia.
    Producer: Arte France/French language; 11-Feb-1993, VHS
    BA364 • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  276. Expelled: The Children of Foča/Vertrieben: Die Kinder aus Foča (documentary film)
    This broadcast focuses on children from Bosnia and the effect that war has had on them. Refugee children are filmed and interviewed from various regions in Bosnia. The mothers and children interviewed give testimony of rape, torture, and murder. Malnourished, abused, sick and diseased children are discussed and shown throughout the report.
    Germany/German language; 11-Feb-1993, VHS
    SVHS Video cassette

  277. Start of War in Croatia/Bosnia - Part 1 (news)
    Report on shelling of villages and towns in Western Slavonia. Report on fighting around Okučani and Trnava village between JNA and Croatian forces. Found weapons and packages with narcotics. Miodrag Popov reports from Mirkovci on Croatian paramilitary forces attacks from Pakrac and Lipik. TVNS: cut off beginning. Report on fighting in Krajina. Serbian Volunteer Guard soldiers, Dragan Petrović, Nenad Marković, and Sava Stanković, receive award from Arkan. RTB: Nikola Deretić reports on heavy fighting in the Lipik and Western Slavonia area between JNA and Croatian forces. 00:08:10 RTB: Interview with JNA soldier nicknamed "Okac." Interview with Serbian soldier named Dejan. 00:09:10 Croatian forces desecrate "their own" graveyard in Bogićevci village (near Okučani). TVSA: Serbian police confiscate ammunition and military supplies from Albanian extremists in Kosovo. 00:10:14 RTB: Cut off interview with JNA Commander Ljubivoje Pantelić-Grom. 00:10:26
    3KTVB: JNA forces seize Seovice and Skenderovci villages in Western Slavonia. Report from Banija frontlines. Interview with tank commander Miroslav Simić. 00:12:06 Brief, cut off interview with JNA Captain Anton Gustović. 00:12:16 Report on fighting in Western Slavonia where Banja Luka corps and Territorial Defense Forces-Okučani have put themselves under JNA command. BBC (broadcast on 3K): Report on heavy fighting in Turanj area; a Croatian cameraman is killed by mortar shell. 00:13:45
    3SAT (broadcast on TVNS): Brief, cut-off report on Albanian military training tank personnel on model tanks and planes. 00;16:20 Cut off report on JNA forces entering Toranjci village. TVSA (broadcast on TV Politika): Report on vandalized police station in Sarajevo, TV crew travelling towards Sarajevo airport. 00:20:40 Cut off report on Holiday Inn shooting in Sarajevo. 00:21:00 TVNS, RTB: Reports on Novi Sad Corps on frontlines in Slavonia. 00:2:27 RTB: Bosnian Serb government splits with Bosnian Croat/Muslim government. Armed men patrolling Sarajevo streets. 00:24:47 TVNS: Report on fighting in Mostar. 00:26:00 RTB: JNA commander shows mutilated bodies of 28 Serbs in Kupres. Interview with captured soldiers of the Territorial Defense Forces-Tomislavgrad (former Duvno). 00:28:12 RTB: Cut off report on tense situation of Sarajevo; snipers active. TVNS: Interview with JNA soldier on enemy forces in Mostar area. 00:31:32 RTB: Use amateur footage shot April 4, 1992. Croatian forces attack JNA positions from Hungary proper. Croatian snipers use Eperješ border crossing in Hungary to shoot at JNA guards at Đuro Salaj border crossing. TVNS: Croatian forces leave behind mangled bodies of Serbian civilians in Gornji and Donji Malovan. BBC (broadcast on 3K): Report on Arkan's forces in Zvornik. Bosnian Muslim refugees fleeing Zvornik area. RTS: Report on Zvornik, Arkan's forces escorting Muslim families out of town. Commentator talks about how Western media presented all the civilian casualties as Muslims, but who later turned out to be Serbs. 00:37:00 RTB/TV POLITIKA: Report on fighting around Gornji i Donji Malovan. RTB: Sniper shoots a "Večernje novosti" reporter in Vukovar; two reporters from the newspaper die in short period of time. Arkan filmed during military operations in Slavonia in 1991.
    Producer: TV Belgrade, TV Novi Sad Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1992, VHS
    BA367 • Torture • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  278. Start of War in Croatia/Bosnia - Part 2 (political program)
    Film on Arkan leading military operations in Slavonia continues from the previous cassette (# 277).
    Producer: 3K, Studio B Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1993, Archival boxes
    Fear and Hope/Strah i nada (interview)
    Program, presenter Zoran Ostojić talks with Radovan Bigović, theologian.
    Producer: Studio B, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language, Archival boxes

  279. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 1 (report)
    Youth club in Pakrac built by international aid. UN troops secure supply and safety for Maglaj. Truce in Lašva Valley between Muslims and Croats. "Ask UNPROFOR" program. UN Special Representative Yasushi Akashi answers the questions on the future of UN mission in Bosnia and Croatia. After Serb army attack on UN protected area of Goražde UN convoy led by Sergio de Mello managed to achieve cease-fire. De Mello interviewed on safe areas in Bosnia. On Dutch battalion stationed in Metković, which provides supply delivery to people in Bosnia. "UN Fire Brigade" operations in Sarajevo. "Video Letters", program aimed to reestablish contacts between people from different sides of the front. "Sisters of Mostar", on divided city and reestablished possibility to cross from one part of the other. "Refugee Crisis Update", on refugees in the area of Velika Kladuša. "European Union under Attack", attack on the appartment of Hans Koschnick, UN administrator for Mostar on September 11. "Aim for Peace", an antisniping agreement in Sarajevo, signed on August 21, made one step forward toward normal life possible. “Ethnic Cleansing”, on mass expulsion of people from Bosnian Serb controlled areas of Bijeljina and Banjaluka in August and September 1994. They were pushed out into Tuzla region.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1994, VHS
    BA368 - 15 reports on the tape.

  280. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 1a (report)
    Sequence to the previous tape. "West Mostar", on disastrous consequences of the war in the divided Mostar. "Video Letters", child from a refugee camp in Macedonia writes a letter to her father who stayed in Bosnia.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1994, VHS
    2 reports

  281. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 2 (report)
    "A Closer Look: Turkbat", on Turkish Battalion in Zenica. "UN Day", celebration of October 24, the Day of UN in its headquarters in Zagreb. "Turanj Update", on refugees from the Bosnian enclave of Bihac at the camp of Turanj, near Kalovac, Croatia. "Video Letters", Belgrade actor Janez Vrhovec writes to friends in Rovinj. "The Re-opening of Dubrovnik Port". "Colorful Wall", on the program of Sarajevo Radio "Zid" created by children. "Najnovije iz Turnja", one of the previous reports in Croatian. "Observation", on observation post "Tango", near Tuzla, one of 230 such monitoring post throughout the Former Yugoslavia. "Lašva Valley: Beyond Cease-fire", May visit of UNTV crew to the region of cease-fire between Bosnians and Croats. "Video Letter", Academy of Dramatic Art student from Zagreb writes to his colleagues in Sarajevo. "Crisis Talks", after NATO air strikes at Udbina airfield on November 20 Yasushi Akashi comes to Belgrade for emergency talks with Slobodan Milošević and Milan Martić about the crisis in Bihać area. "Video Letter", Julijana, a refugee living in Gaza camp in Karlovac writes to a friend in Slunj. "UNPROFOR in Crisis", interview with Michael Williams, spokesman for Yasushi Akashi on situation in crisis areas. "Boutros-Ghali in Sarajevo". "Returning to Fojnica", on refugees divided by the separation line after cease-fire agreement. "Signing", agreement between Croatian government and local Serbs in Knin on water and electricity supply. "Video Letters", from Gornji Vakuf. "Bugojno Agri-Business", on agencies providing aid in central Bosnia, among them Action International Contre la Faim, USA. "Video Letter", from Bugojno to Banja Luka.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1994, VHS
    BA369 - 19 reports

  282. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 3 (report)
    "War Crime Tribunal", ICTY Chief Prosecutor Richard Goldston on October 3 visits the region. "Video Letter", Antonija is now living in Međugorje and writes to her friends in Sarajevo. "Protected Village", UN protected area near Benkovac, Croatia. "Video Letter", Danijela from Zagreb writes to her uncle and aunt in Brčko. "Macedonian Elections", on the first presidential and parliamentary elections in Macedonia on October 16. "A Marriage made in Heaven", on the alliance between UNPROFOR and NATO in the no-fly zone. "Assistance Misused", on fights between Fikret Abdić forces and central government troops in Velika Kladuša area. "Video Letters", Salko is a refugee from Bosnia, living in Hvar. "Sarajevo Air Strike" against Serb forces surrounding Sarajevo who haven't comply to artillery removal agreement. "Video Letters", Ivan is a theatre director from Mostar. He is living in Belgrade and is writing to a friend who is refugee in England. “Novska”, on August 1, 1994, 250 refugees from Banja Luka arrived to a camp near Novska, Croatia. They are protected by Jordanian battalion. "Video Letters", Kole Jordanovski is a former resident of Sarajevo, now living in Macedonia. He is writing to his sister to Sarajevo. "RUSBAT-2", Russian parachute battalion assigned to patrol in Grbavica, one of the most dangerous areas in Sarajevo. They monitor two heavy weapons collection points.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1994, VHS
    BA370 - 13 reports

  283. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 4 (report)
    "Preventative Peacekeeping", UN peace mission in Macedonia. "Security in Sarajevo", civilians terrorized by Serb forces surrounding the city (silent). "Video Letters", Bill Tribe from the UK worked as an English teacher in Sarajevo and writes to his former students.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1994, VHS
    Hungarian and German language

  284. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 5 (report)
    Row material on UN monitoring mission on the border between Serbia and Macedonia, location Čupino brdo, which both sides claimed it is on their own territory. As a result of a mission, after few weeks of tensions a one kilometer buffer zone was established.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; Jun-1994, VHS
    BA372

  285. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 6 (report)
    Raw materials for "Rusbat-2" program on Russian battalion assigned to monitor two heavy weapons collection points near Sarajevo, according to the cease-fire agreement.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/Russian language; 1994, VHS
    BA373

  286. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 7 (report)
    Row materials on refugees from Bijeljina accommodated in Tuzla collection centers. They were forced to leave by Serb paramilitary forces, often robbed before that. Shoots of Tuzla airport. Representatives of the Read Cross interviewed about their activities in Tuzla region.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1994, VHS
    BA374

  287. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 8 (report)
    Interviews with passersby, possible in Skopje, on ethnic tensions in Macedonia and Albanian-language university being established in Tetovo. Row materials for "Macedonian Elections" and "Let there be Light" programs.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/Macedonian language; 1994, VHS
    BA375

  288. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 9 (report)
    "Preventative Peacekeeping", UN peace mission in Macedonia. "Census", between June 21 and July 11 a comprehensive census was conducted in Macedonia. This has to provide exact information about the actual ethnic figures and in advance it provoked lot of political dispute and interpretations. “Novska”, on August 1, 1994, 250 refugees from Banja Luka arrived to a camp near Novska, Croatia. They are protected by Jordanian battalion. "Rusbat-2", Russian parachute battalion stations in Rusbat-2 army base assigned to patrol in Grbavica, one of the most dangerous areas in Sarajevo. They monitor two heavy weapons collection points and also perform antisniping duties. "Ethnic Cleansing", on mass expulsion of people from Bosnian Serb controlled areas of Bijeljina and Banjaluka in August and September 1994. They were pushed out into Tuzla region. "Let there be Light", in September 1994 Sarajavo suffered from complete breakdown of utilities. It was left without electricity, gas and water supplies for 14 days in a row. Also William Eagleton, UN Special Coordinator for Sarajevo, speaks about restoration of communal services and freedom of movement in Sarajevo after cease-fire agreement. "Macedonian Elections", on October 16 in Macedonia were organized first round of presidential and parliamentary elections. 38 parties stood for election and the main issue was security of the country. "Video Letter" written by Boža Luković, leader of Serbian brass orchestra "Dragačevo", and Srđan Gojković Gile, frontman of the Belgrade-based rock band "Electric orgasm". "Video Letters", from Devla Rustem, a 62 year old Bosnian living in a Red Cross Refugee center in Macedonia. "UN Day", celebration of October 24, the Day of UN in its headquarters in Zagreb.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1994, VHS
    BA376 - 10 reports

  289. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 10 (report)
    Row materials from the opening of Tuzla airport. Opened by Yasushi Akashi, who also visits the hospital. "The Fall of Abdić", rebel Muslim leader Fikret Abdić proclaimed independence of Velika Kladuša region in Northwest Bosnia. On August 31 Bosnian army took control of the whole Bihać pocket, which resulted in the exodus of about 25.000 people. "Special Report from Velika Kladuša", on situation after Bosnian army took control of the area. "Plitvice Lakes", national park in Croatia is being revitalized by UN units. "Ask UNPROFOR", Yasushi Akashi answers to the questions of common people. "Census", between June 21 and July 11 a comprehensive census was conducted in Macedonia. This has to provide exact information about the actual ethnic figures and in advance it provoked lot of political dispute and interpretations.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; Mar-1994, VHS
    BA377 - 6 reports

  290. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 11 (report)
    "The Good Hosts", more than half a million displaced persons found their new home in Serbia and Montenegro from 1991. 95% of refugees are lodged with a host families. "Video Letter" written by Boža Luković, leader of Serbian brass orchestra "Dragačevo". "Mount Igman", now part of UN demilitarized zone, as a buffer between Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian government armies. The area is monitored bz French battalion. "Video Letters", written by Svetlana, a refugee from Kakanj now living in a refugee camp in Serbia, to her friend back in Kakanj. "Igalo", on rehabilitation project for children injured during the war in Bosnia. They are treated in the Igalo hospital, Montenegro. "Video Letters": Jelena left Sarajevo two years ago and now lives in Zagreb. She writes to her family and friends in Sarajevo. "Let there be Light", in September 1994 Sarajavo suffered from complete breakdown of utilities. It was left without electricity, gas and water supplies for 14 days in a row. Also William Eagleton, UN Special Coordinator for Sarajevo, speaks about restoration of communal services and freedom of movement in Sarajevo after cease-fire agreement. "Video Letter", children from Sarajevo write to her former schoolmate Sanela, who in 1992 left for Australia. "The work of the French Battalion in Bihać". "Video Letters", Martina a schoolchild from Zagreb writes to her grandfather in Hrvatska Kostajnica. "Female Patrol", Corporal Caroline Burgess, from Royal Military Police, describes her daily routine while being on duty in Prozor, Bosnia. "Video Letters", Ferid lives in Zenica and is writing to his brother in Croatia.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1994, VHS
    BA378

  291. Yugoslavia Rushes Roll - Part 12 (report)
    "Assistance Misused", refugee camp in Velika Kladuša after the fall of autonomous area proclaimed by Fikret Abdić. "Video Letters", Salko is a refugee from Bosnia living in Hvar, Croatia. "Crisis Talks", after NATO air strikes at Udbina airfield on November 20 Yasushi Akashi comes to Belgrade for emergency talks with Slobodan Milošević and Milan Martić about the crisis in Bihać area. "Video Letters", Julijana, a refugee living in Gaza camp in Karlovac writes to a friend in Slunj. "Signing", agreement between Croatian government and local Serbs in Knin on water and electricity supply. "Video Letters", from Gornji Vakuf. "Endless Aid", on November 9 UN humanitarian agencies launched an appeal to international community asking for money to finance the humanitarian operation in the Former Yugoslavia. "Video Letters", from Devla Rustem, a 62 year old Bosnian living in a Red Cross Refugee center in Macedonia. "Highway Reopens", for the first time in the last three years a road that connects Zagreb and Belgrade is open. "Video Letters" from Srđan Gojković Gile, frontman of the Belgrade-based rock band "Electric orgasm". "Rusbat-2", Russian parachute battalion assigned to patrol in Grbavica, one of the most dangerous areas in Sarajevo. They monitor two heavy weapons collection points and also perform antisniping duties. "Video Letters", a message recorded on November 1, 1994, during an All Saints ceremony in a Catholic graveyard in Ilok. Reactions of people in Knin on Tuđman's decision to terminate the mandate of UNPROFOR in Croatia. Interviews with Yugoslav foreign minister Vladislav Jovanović, Zoran Đinđić i Milan Božić on the reactions to this issue. "Video Letters", Gordana, an actress, now refugee located in Zagreb writes to her friends.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1995, Archival boxes
    BA379

  292. Kosova ndergjegje e vrare e Europes (documentary film)
    Albanian miners strike against Serbian repression in 1989. Kosovo Albaninas demonstrate for civil rights and against Serbian repression. Speech by Milošević on Kosovo ("can't hear what you're saying, but let me answer your question") to Kosovo Serbs. Serbian police beating up Albanian protesters in the streets. Injured civilians in the hospital. Funerals of Albanian civilians killed in skirmishes with police. Serbian police throwing tear gas on protesters, chasing them along the streets. Serbian police taking over the Albanian language TV station in Priština, and the "Ilirija" newspaper.
    Yugoslavia/Albanian language; 1989, VHS
    very bad sound quality

  293. Blood and Belonging: The Road to Nowhere (documentary film)
    In this documentary Canadian writer Michael Ignatieff travels to Croatia and Serbia to define the meaning of nationalism in the former Yugoslavia. Nationalism is a dream to be a master in one's own house, but it brings out the worst in people. He visits the highway of Brotherhood and Unity connecting Croatia and Serbia, Jasenovac (concentration camp during WWII held by fascist Croatia), Serbian enclaves in Croatia, destroyed Vukovar, and Belgrade. Archival footage used. Also, civilians and soldiers from both sides interviewed.
    Canada/English language; 1993, adásnap: 18-Apr-1995, VHS

  294. The Peacekeepers - How the UN Failed in Bosnia (report)
    This special report by Peter Jennings focuses on how the UN failed in Bosnia, both diplomatically and militarily. Bihać, Goražde, and Sarajevo are focused upon, as well as Mostar. Civilian destruction is displayed throughout the documentary. UNHCR officials interviewed, showing a gap between their observations and that of the military wing of the UN. History of the how and when the UN got involved in the Balkans. NATO's relationship during the conflict is explored as well. Extensive interviews with Sir Michael Rose, NATO Admiral Leighton Smith, Senator Bob Dole, UN Ambassador Madeleine Albright, UN employee Ed Joseph, Larry Hollingworth, Aryeh Neier, Peter Deck, among others.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 1994, adásnap: 24-Apr-1995, VHS
    bad quality

  295. Bosna! Part 1 (documentary film)
    A documentary on the war and destruction in Bosnia?Herzegovina by Bernard Henri-Levy with an in-depth study on the cause and effects of the war in Bosnia up to 1994. Very close detail of the first days of the siege in Sarajevo are reconstructed, including telephone conversations of Bosnian Serb General Mladić telling his personnel to fire on various targets in and around the city. Soldiers and civilians interviewed, attempting to show the psyche of a war-torn people. Victims of prison camps and ethnic cleansing are filmed and interviewed. The Bread Line and Water Line Massacres are also featured.
    Director: Bernard Henri-Levy; Producer: TV BiH, France 2 Cinema France/French language/Subtitles: English; 1994, VHS

  296. Bosna! Part 2 (documentary film)
    A documentary on the war and destruction in Bosnia?Herzegovina by Bernard Henri-Levy with an in-depth study on the cause and effects of the war in Bosnia up to 1994. Very close detail of the first days of the siege in Sarajevo are reconstructed, including telephone conversations of Bosnian Serb General Mladić telling his personnel to fire on various targets in and around the city. Soldiers and civilians interviewed, attempting to show the psyche of a war-torn people. Victims of prison camps and ethnic cleansing are filmed and interviewed. The Bread Line and Water Line Massacres are also featured.
    Director: Bernard Henri-Levy; Producer: TV BiH, France 2 Cinema France/French language; 1994, Archival boxes

  297. Arkan in Action (news)
    News reports on military operations in Croatia and Bosnia. Rare footage of Arkan in the field fighting with his members of volunteer guard at beginning of war in areas of Croatia.
    Producer: RTV Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1991, VHS

  298. Testimonies on Abuse of Women/Aussagen über Vergen an Frauen (report)
    Two Bosnian Serb women, victims of rape, featured. J.I. (age 28, from Bosnia), describes how she had to leave Croatia and how Serb women from Kninska Krajina were tortured and raped by Croats, she calls them Ustashi, and Muslims in Slavonski Brod and Odžak. J.I. was pregnant and didn't want to see her child when it was born. S. K. (age 20 from Sarajevo) describes how she was held captive in Pofalići, in a prison run by Ismet Bajramović, "Ćelo," who raped her. S. K. was also pregnant and gave birth to a child. Two doctors from Belgrade hospitals speak of late pregnancies ending in abortions and the traumas endured by victims of rape.
    Producer: RTV Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: German, VHS
    BA385 * Rape *Torture *Prison Camps *Destruction Civilian Property *Military/Para-Military *Refugee/Ex-POW ID

  299. UNPROFOR reports (report)
    "Security in Sarajevo", civilians terrorized by Serb forces surrounding the city. "Video Letters", Bill Tribe from the UK worked as an English teacher in Sarajevo and writes to his former students. "A Woman's Place", women's centers in divided Mostar provide support for women through group therapies or workshops. "War Trauma", Rijeka Clinical Hospital conducts therapy program for people traumatized by the war. "Živili", Baranja as a home for multiethnic and multicultural community. "ECM Monitors", one of the first reactions of the international community to the war in former Yugoslavia was to sent an unarmed contingent of observers. That was in Slovenia in July 1991. Two and a half years later there are more than 300 European monitors in the region. "Video Letters", Ivan is a schoolchild in Zagreb. He writes to an unknown friend. "Embargo", more than 3 years of international community sanctions towards Yugoslavia had a devastating effect. In attempt to bring Bosnian Serbs to negotiating table embargo is imposed to Bosnian Serbs too. "Mine Awareness", educational film on the land mines treat to civilian population. "War Crimes Tribunal", Richard Goldstone, Prosecutor, interviewed on the cases led by the Tribunal. As illustration mentioned cases of Bosnian Serbs Dušan Tadić, charged with involvement in ethnic cleansing in Prijedor and several murders in Omarska detention camp in 1992, and Dragan Nikolić, charged with torture and killing of prisoners of war in the detention camp near Vlasenica. "Building on Peace", a comprehensive cease-fire agreement concluded on December 23, 1994, brought long awaited, but fragile peace in Bosnia. Opening Sarajevo airport and roads will enable for food shortages to be eliminated.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1994, VHS
    English subtitles

  300. UNPROFOR reports (report)
    "Peace Plan on the Table", international community proposal for political solution in Croatia refused by Serbs in Knin. "Video Letters", Mirjana Bobić-Mojsilović, journalist from Belgrade, writes what Serbs miss from Croatia. "On Igman", French battalion monitors the demilitarized zone on mountains around Sarajevo. "Across the Barricade", divided Pakrac, in West Slavonija, few months before Croatian military intervention began (operations "Bljesak / Flash" and "Oluja / Storm"). "Tešanj", town in Central Bosnia, where after heavy conflicts aid convoys are being escorted by British soldiers. "Video Letters", Dobrivoje is living in Mostar. He writes to his parents in Belgrade. "Vitez De-mining", hundreds civilians killed and thousands injured by mines. Milions of mines still remain in the ground. UNPROFOR tries to lift mines in Vitez area. "Keeping the Lights on", Breza mine is opened again (silent). "Mr. Akashi in Knin", talks about relationship between Zagreb and Knin. Milan Martić's and Milan Babić's statements. "Separation Zone", after signing agreement on March 29, 1994, separation zones were established in troubled areas in Croatia. Sisters of Mostar", on divided city and reestablished possibility to cross from one part of the other. "Video Letters", Tanja lives in west Mostar. She is writing a letter to her sister Dubravka who lives in Žepče. "UNPROFOR ide kući?", Croatian President Franjo Tuđman forwarded a letter to UN Secretary General, Boutros Boutros Ghali, informing him of Croatia's decision to terminate the UNPROFOR mandate on March 31, 1995.
    Producer: UNTV (n/a)/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA387

  301. Mostar - Civilian Destruction (news)
    Lokal television from Zenica, Zetel, reports on the war in Bosnia, predominantly on Mostar. Its bridges were all destroyed so far except the Old bridge.
    Producer: TV Zetel Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1992, VHS

  302. Travnik Center - Refugee Testimonies (interview)
    A Muslim refugee from village near Bosanski Petrovac testifies on persecution by Serb forces in mid June. Lists names of civilians executed and describe how other civilians suffered. Also mentions names of perpetrators, his neighbors, like Mirko Kerkez, Zdravko Srećo and his brother Nina, Rade Latinović, Čedo Pećanac, Željko Ćosić, Veselka Kecman and others. Other refugees are Derviša Kananović iz Velečevo village, near Ključ, Fata Šabaz from Kamičani, Husnija Vukić from Bosanski Petrovac and Asmir Ajupović iz Prijedora also testify on robberies and killings.
    Bosnian language; 1992, VHS
    BA389

  303. Bosnia-Guns and Ballots (report)
    A collage of reports, including a report from Pale, is focused on the Bosnian Serb referendum on the Vance/Owen peace plan. This plan proposes a division of Bosnia into 10 semi-autonomous provinces along ethnic lines, with a difficult mechanism for the return of two million displaced people. Bosnian Serbs refused to sign the plan and Serbia, in turn, sealed its border with Bosnia. Reactions to the peace plan and the Bosnian Serb referendum, and Croat-Muslim conflict in Herzegovina discussed. Statements include: Slaviša Raković (advisor to Karadžić), David Owen (EC Envoy), Radovan Karadžić (Bosnian Serb leader), Haris Silajdžić, (Bosnian Foreign Minister), President Bill Clinton, and Senator Joseph Biden (Foreign Rel. Comm.).
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA394

  304. Europe: A Continent Divided (report)
    A study of Serbian and Croatian nationalism by Jackie Shymanski of CNN and how it has fueled the war. Interviews with individuals and professionals from all three ethnic groups. History of the Croatian Ustashi discussed briefly. Michael Ingatieff interviewed on ethic identities. Bosnian conflict focused upon, and how it was fueled by nationalism spilling over from the war between Croatia and Serbia. Vukovar, Sarajevo, and Mostar highlighted with much civilian destruction shown.
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA396

  305. Bosnia - A Crippled Mission (report)
    CNN correspondents reporting at the time of Bihać offensive and possible withdrawal of the UN troops from Bosnia. UNPROFOR mission is reexamined. Interviews: Michael Rose, UN Commander; Ejup Ganić, Bosnian Vice President; Boutros Boutros-Ghali at the press conference in Sarajevo. Thant Myint-U, UNPROFOR, spokesman. Statements by Radovan Karadžić, Haris Silajdžić, Bosnian Prime Minister, Laurence Martin, Royal Institute of International Affairs, John Major, British Prime Minister, David Owen, Warren Christopher, Secretary of State, Shashi Tharoor, UN official, Ed Luck, UN Assn. of USA; Jeanne Kirkpatrick, Former US ambassador to the United Nations
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA397

  306. Nightline (report)
    As crisis in former Yugoslavia deepens, Ted Koppel interviews various experts to get their opinion of recent escalation of war.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 30-May-1995, VHS
    BA398
    World News Tonight (report)
    Program profiles UN Navy special submarine "James Polk".
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA398

  307. KCAL News: Interview with Panić (interview)
    Milan Panić is interviewed by KCAL News anchor about the situation in Bosnia [during 1992]. The interview starts off with a brief history of Bosnia's ethnic and religious history, as well as an explanation about the most recent conflict. Panić discusses the possible American involvement in Bosnia and the consequences it might have. He states that President Clinton is the only person who can bring the warlords to a negotiation table. Panić explains why he believes the solution to the conflict to be economic, not military. He also gives an account about Serbia's 1992 false election, and the need of people who would teach Yugoslavs about the concept democracy. Images of UN soldiers held hostage shot by amateur camera are available, as well as Sarajevo being bombed.
    Producer: Kcal United States/English language; 1-Jun-1995, VHS
    BA400

  308. Crimes committed by Croatian Ustashi state in 1991/Zločini hrvatske ustaške države 1991. (documentary film)
    Graphic shots of dead bodies, crushed skulls, corpses with ears, eyes, toes cut off, all acts committed against Yugoslav Army soldiers and civilians by the Croatian nationalists at the beginning of the conflict in Croatia. Discussion of torture, life in the refugee camps, the selling of body parts for weapons, the murder of journalists.
    Yugoslavia/English language, VHS

  309. 60 Minutes: Interview with Christianne Amanpour (interview)
    Interview with CNN correspondent Christianne Amanpour, who speaks of her passion for Sarajevo and conflict in former Yugoslavia.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 14-May-1994, VHS
    BA402

  310. Larry King Live with Slobodan Milošević (interview)
    CNN's Larry King interviews Serbian President Slobodan Milosević two years into the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The interview begins with combat footage from Bosnia of soldiers and heavy artillery. The current cease-fire brokered by former President and special envoy Jimmy Carter is highlighted, including details of talks in Belgrade with Milošević and representatives from France, Britain, Germany, the United States, and Russia. After the interview, diplomatic correspondents from all the major TV networks comment on the situation.
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 21-Dec-1994, VHS
    BA403

  311. World News Tonight (news)
    French UNPROFOR soldier killed by sniper caught on film. Coverage of ensuing controversy and French threats to remove all their troops from former Yugoslavia.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 18-Apr-1995, VHS
    BA404 • Military/Para-Military

  312. Yellow Wasps - Part 1 (report)
    The story of "Yellow Wasps", Serbian paramilitary unit which operated in eastern Bosnia from 1992 on. Shots from the trial to its commander Dušan Vučković and his brother Vojin, accused of war crimes in the Zvornik area. The main storyteller is a journalist Jovan Dulović. Testimonies by several individuals, both survivors and perpetrators. Vojin Vučković in the interview denies any killing of civilians. Vojislav Šešelj confirms that 30.000 volunteers were sent to Bosnia and they were supplied with arms and ammunition by the Serbian authorities. Roy Gutman, Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter of genocide in Bosnia, describes deportation of Muslim civilians he witnessed. Former secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger interviewed on what US Government knew about mass deportations in Bosnia and what was its response.
    Producer: Rights & Wrongs; Copyright holder: International Center for Global Communications Fou United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA405 • Rape • Torture • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    Yellow Wasps - Part 2 (report)
    Former secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger interviewed on what US Government knew about mass deportations in Bosnia and what was its response.
    Producer: Rights & Wrongs; Copyright holder: International Center for Global Communications Fou United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA405

  313. World News Tonight (news)
    Weekly person of the week honor to Judge Richard Goldstone; short profile including interview; his background explained and some footage of war in Yugoslavia included.
    Producer: World News Tonight United States/English language; 28-Jul-1995, VHS
    bad quality, fast recording

  314. ABC news (news)
    This Late Edition examines what the US role in Bosnia conflict should be when the Bosnian Serbs are overrunning the safe haven of Srebrenica and are on the verge of overrunning another safe haven, Žepa. A report from Sarajevo on the military situation on the ground by Brent Sadler featured. Richard Holbrooke, US Assistant Secretary of State, joins a discussion on the nature of the involvement of US troops in Bosnia. Three retired generals, Gen. Mackenzie, former UN commander in Bosnia, Crosbie Saint, former NATO commander, and William Odom, US Army, discuss what the US troops would face if sent to Bosnia. Statements by William Perry (courtesy of ABC) on the importance of sustaining neutrality in the peacekeeping missions, Alexander Ivanko, UN Spokesman, who speaks on the situation in Žepa, are featured. Pictures of Bosnian Muslim refugees from Srebrenica are shown. A discussion on this topic with a panel of journalists, Tony Snow (Detroit News), Eleanor Clift (Newsweek), Alan Murray (Wall Street Journal), is also featured.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 28-Jun-1995, VHS
    CNN Late Edition (news)
    Nightly news coverage of bombing of TV building in Sarajevo.
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 16-Jul-1995, VHS
    BA408

  315. Two Hours from London (documentary film)
    Chronology of the conflict in former Yugoslavia, narrated by Michael Foot, former Labour Party leader. He is especially critical of the British failure to intervene as Yugoslavia was consumed by war.
    Director: Jill Craigie; Copyright holder: Open Eye Production United Kingdom/English language; 1995, VHS
    BBC News (news)
    Report from Sarajevo and the rising tensions between Serbian and UN forces in Bosnia.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; 1995, VHS
    Romeo and Juliet in Sarajevo (documentary film)
    Story of Boško, a Serb and Admira, a Moslim, high school sweethearts shot as they fled from Sarajevo, despite being assured safe passage. They died in each others arms at no mans land. Family and friends remember them fondly. Some footage of war.
    Director: John Zaritsky; Producer: National Film Board of Canada Canada/English language; 1994, adásnap: 10-May-1994, VHS
    Continues at the cassette No. 316.

  316. Romeo and Juliet in Sarajevo (documentary film)
    Story of Boško, a Serb and Admira, a Moslim, high school sweethearts shot as they fled from Sarajevo, despite being assured safe passage. They died in each others arms at no mans land. Family and friends remember them fondly. Some footage of war.
    Producer: National Film Board of Canada Canada/English language, VHS
    BBC News (news)
    Report on the latest development on the fronts in Croatia and Bosnia. Paddy Ashdown interviewed.
    United Kingdom/English language; 1995, VHS

  317. The Crime That Changed Serbia/Vidimo se u čitulji (documentary film)
    Documentary film about the rise of crime in Serbia - a result of the war and dismal economic conditions. The film depicts Serbia as a frustrated nation whose youth and talent left at the outbreak of war, forcing those that remained to cope with continuing violence and staggering inflation. The result, as the film suggests, has been the rise of gangs and intergang violence. Unable to find suitable work, many of the remaining Serbian youth have taken to robbery, drug dealing, and various forms of smuggling. Also addressed is how this violence, which is carried out by gangs with only marginal levels of organization, has spilled over into the streets, thus affecting many innocent Serbian citizens. The film includes interviews with numerous gang members, police officials, and war veterans.
    Director: Janko Baljak; Producer: B 92 Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English, VHS
    BA411

  318. The Truth is the Victim in Bosnia (documentary film)
    A film that attempts to show how media distorts images of the war, namely the misrepresentation of the Serbs by Western media.
    Producer: Truth in Journalism Project United States/English language/Subtitles: Serbian; 1994, VHS
    BA412
    Yugoslavia - The Hidden War (documentary film)
    The film traces evidences of the crimes committed against Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia, but which were neglected by international media and organizations.
    Producer: Close Up Television United Kingdom/English language; 1993, VHS

  319. The Republic of Serbian Krajina (documentary film)
    Documentary discusses the Serbian Krajina region from the Serb perspective. It traces the history of Serb settlement in that area, as well as the Serb-Croat relations throughout history. The documentary gives an extensive explanation of the WWII Nazi-backed Independent State of Croatia, and its genocide perpetrated against the Serb people. A link between the Independent State of Croatia and present day Croatia is established in this piece. Much focus is given to Ante Starčević's "Croat Statehood Program," and his theory of Serb inferiority and an ethnically clean Croatia. Documentary follows the systematic buildup of tension among the Croat and Serb people in Croatia, this tensions eventually turning into an armed conflict. There is also an extensive discussion about Serb genocide, the destruction of property, anti-Serb propaganda, the raiding of Serb towns and villages, the attempts by the Krajina Serbs to use democratic means of achieving autonomy, and the systematic expulsion of Serb people from Croatia. Sound bites of Franjo Tuđman and Stipe Mesić proclaiming Croatia's independence from Yugoslavia appear throughout the documentary. Numerous sound bites of Croatian Democratic Union members organizing and supporting the armament of Croatian people. Interview with Jovan Rasković, leader of the Serbian Democratic Party, talks about the inability to express Serb ideas in the Croat parliament. Several Krajina Serb people talk about their family members being killed and their property destroyed. Dave, and several other foreign mercenaries serving in the Croat army, discuss the abundance of arms and the freedom to do what they want. Mijo Krajinović, a Serb man, describes the torture suffered at a Croat camp. Simo Brdar, curator of the Jasenovac camp, states that may WWII documents showing Serb genocide in Croatia have disappeared. Neven Mešanović, a Serb boy, describes loosing his leg to a grenade. Other extensive footage of the following is available: corpses found in Krajina by UN soldiers, Krajina Serbs staging a referendum as well as proclaiming independence from Croatia, two Serb men showing their wounds from being beaten by Croat militia, Serb mobilization, Croat soldiers taking oath to defend Croatia, and numerous footage of Serb refugees leaving Croatia.
    Director: Goran Kostić; Producer: VFC "Zastava film" Yugoslavia/English language; 1994, VHS
    BA413

  320. UN Sanctions against Yugoslavia (documentary film)
    The tape consists of different programs on the suffering of people affected by UN sanctions imposed in May 1992. Children, elder and sick are the most vulnerable categories because of the shortage in medical supply and a strict trade embargo.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA414

  321. Sanctions - The Suffering of People (documentary film)
    Film on UN sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia and how its citizens are trzing to make ends under trade embargo and travel and transport ban. Many pasers-by interviewed.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English; 1994, VHS

  322. Jasenovac (documentary film)
    Concentration camp Jasenovac was established during World War II in Croatia. Ustashi persecution over Serbs, Jews and Gypsies.
    Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English; 1995, VHS
    BA415

  323. The Children of Krajina: Between Earth and Heaven/Deca Krajine: Između zemlje i neba (documentary film)
    Children of Serbian Krajina speak about the war and their everyday life. Many of them lost their parents.
    Director: Ilja Slani; Producer: Ministry of Republic of Serbian Krajina Yugoslavia/Serbian language, VHS
    BA416

  324. Anniversary edition of Filmske novosti: 1944-1994/Jubilarni žurnal Filmskih novosti: 1944-1994 (documentary film)
    Film on the anniversary of the Yugoslav official news agency "Filmske novosti", with many historic shoots.
    Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1994, VHS
    BA417

  325. Darkness, Mallet, Hunger/Mrak, malj, glad (report)
    Report on concentration camps in Bosnia and Croatia during conflict in the former Yugoslavia, made mostly on the ground of the findings of the Serbian Refugee Commissariat's Documentation Center. Many witness testimonies.
    Producer: TV Novi Sad Yugoslavia/Serbian language; Aug-1994, VHS

  326. Serbs, Croats and the Destiny of Yugoslavia (documentary film)
    Historical analysis of the animosities between different nation on the Balkan peninsula, starting with arrival of the South Slav tribes to this area up to the present.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/English language; 1991, VHS
    only on side A

  327. Notes from the Croatian Past/Replike iz hrvatskog slikopisa (propaganda film)
    Combining old and new film sequences, the author tries to draw the parallel between Independent State of Croatia during WW II and the proclamation of independence of Croatia on June 25, 1991.
    Producer: TV Belgrade Yugoslavia/Croatian language/Subtitles: English; 1991, VHS
    bad quality

  328. The Next 50 Years: The UN at War and Peace (report)
    UN missions in Bosnia, Somalia, Rwanda and other troubled regions throughout the world, with daily images of failure and success. What will be the UN role in the future?
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 1994, VHS
    BA421

  329. One of the Vukovar Butchers/Jedan od vukovarskih koljača (propaganda film)
    Interrogation of the captured Coatian soldier.
    Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English; 10-Oct-1991, VHS
    bad quality

  330. Crimes Committed Against Cultural Heritage/Nasilje nad kulturnom baštinom (report)
    Report on destruction of orthodox churches in Slavonija. Archbishop Lukijan interviewed. Shots of devastated historical monuments.
    Producer: TV Novi Sad Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English, VHS
    partially inaudible

  331. War in Yugoslavia, 1991-1992/Rat u Jugoslaviji, 1991-1992 (propaganda film)
    Political situation in Croatia in the 1990s compared to the period of Independent State of Croatia, 1941-1945. Archival footage of the Croatian Ustashi government, including Ante Pavelić, as well as Serbian victims and their remains from World War II, is featured. Jasenovac, the largest concentration in Croatia, is shown. Graphic footage related to contemporary conflict in Croatia included, showing refugee fleeing across a river, celebration of Tuđman's election victory in Zagreb, proclamation on independence by the Croatian Parliament, Croatian Army parading, destruction of civilian property in Croatia, procession of Orthodox priests and Serbs carrying bones, Orthodox priest giving a speech, Jovan Rašković (SDS leader in Serb-held part of Croatia) rallying in Knin, Slobodan Milošević, Tuđman with Helmut Kohl, destruction in Vukovar, refugees fleeing from Vukovar. Segments from the testimonies by Jasenovac survivors and by survivors of the contemporary conflict in Croatia also included.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/English language; 1992, VHS
    BA424

  332. The Truth About the War in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1992: War Crimes of the Muslim-Croat Armed Formations Against Serbs (propaganda film)
    The program shows the persecution of the Serbs by the Muslim and Croat forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The "Muslim" government of Bosnia is described as an extreme Islamic government on the rise. Incidents involving withdrawal of the Yugoslav People's Army from Sarajevo in 1992 are shown. Footage of JNA positions in Sarajevo, residents leaving the city at the city airport, destruction of the city, graphic images of soldiers murdered in Sarajevo, JNA barracks, included. Incidents of JNA withdrawal from Tuzla, on May 15, 1992 and from Trebinje in July 1992 also featured. Captions with names of victims that died featured throughout the film. Interviews with Serbian survivors, both soldiers and civilians. Some footage of British mercenaries from a BBC documentary included.
    Yugoslavia/English language; 1992, VHS
    BA425

  333. ABC World News Tonight (news)
    This report focuses on rape, which is recognized as a war crime by War Crimes Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. A UN commission has collected information on over 4500 cases of rape in the former Yugoslavia. UN investigators estimate more than 20,000 rapes have been carried out. Women on all sides, Muslim, Croat, and Serb, have been raped, but the pattern of reported rapes “strongly suggest that a systematic rape policy existed in certain areas” controlled by Serbs. Statements provided by Samra Gluhić (Women's Support Group), Cherif Bassiouni (headed the UN commission investigating war crimes in Bosnia), victims of rape, and Borislav Herak, captured Serb soldier who describes rapes he committed. Images of women refugees included.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 6-Sep-1995, VHS
    bad quality

  334. To the Order of Muhammad: Or Sacrificing of One's Own People (propaganda film)
    Croats and Muslims in Bosnia are accused of arranging bloodshed of their own civilians to win the international community over on their side. As a result of that tactics international sanctions were imposed on Yugoslavia in May 1992.
    Director: Miodrag Ilić; Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English; 1994, VHS
    bad quality

  335. VIN Video Weekly, No. 11/VIN Video nedeljnik, broj 11 (report)
    This edition features: 1. "Rizik istine" by Milica Kovačić - Accreditations revoked to CNN and AFP correspondents in Yugoslavia. Vojislav Šešelj and Zoran Đinđić interviewed on that. 2. "Između egzila i azila" by Gordana Suša - On 350.000 mostly young emigrants from Yugoslavia, who left it since the war begun. Lordan Zafranović, Vidosav Stevanović, Predrag Matvejević, Ivan Đurić interviewed. 3. "Metla po čistačima" by Jelena Grujić - Attacks on Gypsies and Albanians, workers of the garbage collection service in Belgrade, while on duty in the night shift. 4. "Argumentom protiv utiska" by Isidora Sekulić - Attacks on Serbian Soros Foundation are contrasted with facts on its humanitarian aid, particularly to the medical institutions. Prof. Dr Dušan Vranješević, Head of the Youth Psychiatric Clinic in Belgrade, and Dr Dragan Lukić from Center for hendicapped children interviewed. 5. "Udruženje oštećenih" by Dušan Gajić - Various protests because there is no money for pensions, health, children’s allowances and covering other social needs. 6. "Novac I politika" by Mihailo Kovač - Serbian politics being governed more and more by strong financial circles and not by political parties. 7. "Iza fasade" by Ljubiša Stavrić - Video essay on Belgrade and its transformation from a European city into provincial center. 8. "Bombe" by Filip Švarm - Analysis of the political consequences of the first NATO air strikes in Bosnia. "Junaci rata i mira" by Radivoj Cvetićanin - Portrait of Vitaly Churkin, Russian envoy to the former Yugoslavia. 9. "Stereotip fašizma" by Marina Grihović - On anti-Semitism in Serbia. Filip David and Aljoša Mimica interviewed. 10. "Između zločina I kazne" by Boris Gajić - on ecological accidents in Serbia and lack of control over imported food, which sometimes is contaminated. 11. "Corax" - Portrait of a popular Yugoslav cartoonist.
    Producer: VIN Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 16-Apr-1994, VHS
    bad quality

  336. VIN Video Weekly, No. 62/VIN Video nedeljnik, broj 62 (report)
    This edition features: "Lista nad listama" by Vojislav Donić; "Figure za žrtvovanje" by Aleksandar Životić and Božo Knežević; "Tonči i batine" by Isidora Sekulić; "Dogovor (Milošević and Tuđman)"; "Palicom do priznanja" by Nebojša Redžić; "Opstanak kao izumiranje" by Zlatko Paković; "Tuđini kod kuće" by Gordana Suša and Rade Radovanović; "Jugo-san" by Nenad Stefanović; "Kum VIII" by Filip Mladenović.
    Producer: VIN Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 20-May-1995, VHS
    partially bad quality, only side A

  337. Farewell Bosnia (documentary film)
    The film follows the lives of two young Bosnian refugee women. Alma Kuduzović and Biba Hadžiavdić talk about coming to the United States in order to complete their education. Alma shares her memory and the emotions felt during the first days of war, and describe the way her family fled to Croatia. She also compares the school system in the US to that in Bosnia. Biba talks about the impression of America and how she felt when she came to the US. The girls are shown hanging out with other young Bosnian friends, as well as going shopping for a Bosnian flag. Both of them talk about the things they miss from Bosnia. They are shown talking about food they miss, as well as showing each other pictures of their friends and family they left behind.
    Director: Beth Cohen; Producer: Department of Communication, Stanford University United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    only on side A

  338. Testimonies: Crimes in Kupres/Svedočenja: Zločini na Kupresu (documentary film)
    On the massacre of civilian Serb population in Kupres done by Bosnian Croat forces. Captured Croat soldiers and survivors interviewed. Very brutal shots of massacred bodies.
    Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1992, VHS
    bad quality

  339. Genocide Committed on the Serbian People in Croatia 1941-1991 - Part 1-2 (documentary film)
    Documentary made up of two parts. Talks about the history of genocide perpetrated by Croat paramilitary forces upon the Serbian people. Film gives a detailed history of the philosophy behind genocide against the Serbs people. The history of WWII Nazi-backed Croatia and its concentration camps where mostly Serbs were exterminated is presented in great detail. Furthermore, a doctrine of Croatia's WWII ideological leader, Ante Starčević is also examined in great detail. Authors make an attempt to show that present-day genocide against the Serb people was to be expected, as many paramilitary groups called upon the beliefs of WWII Nazi Croatia. Extensive footage of WWII Croatia and concentration cam victims is available in this film.
    Producer: TV Beograd Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Voice-over: English; 1991, VHS
    partially English and German

  340. 60 Minutes: Interview with Radovan Karadžić (interview)
    Short interview by Mike Wallace. Karadžic denies participation in any war atrocities, and supports all actions of Bosnian Serbs. Footage of his wife and family, at daughter's wedding. Footage of atrocities shown.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 17-Sep-1995, VHS
    Partially German

  341. The Point Man - Coverage of Richard Holbrook & Peace Negotiations (report)
    Nightline program. Richard Holbrook is followed around for several days of peace negotiations with Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian leaders. Insight into the whole process, with very American perspective. Short interview with him at end of broadcast.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 15-Sep-1995, VHS
    BA448

  342. Talking with David Frost: Dr. Radovan Karadzic (interview)
    Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadžić, answers questions pertaining to the events in Srebrenica, declaring that Srebrenica was not a safe area, but a Muslim stronghold. International community discriminates against the Serbs and is in favor of Muslims.
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA449

  343. Killing Memory: Bosnia's Cultural Heritage and Its Destruction (documentary film)
    Andras Riedlmayer presents a lucid introduction to the cultural history of Bosnia-Herzegovina from pre-Ottoman times to the present, as well as a devastating expose of the systematic destruction of Bosnian heritage in its cities and towns (Sarajevo, Mostar, Banja Luka, Višegrad, Foča, Stolac). A wealth of photographs and slides are used in this presentation.
    Director: Andras Riedlmayer United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA450

  344. Vukovar - Parts 1 & 2 (raw footage)
    Press conference of Veselin Šlivančanin, Yugoslav Army commander in Vukovar on November 18 and 19, 1991, immediately before the fall. Many people who were in the basement during the fight now released. UN mediator Cyrus Vance visits collection camp for civilians.
    Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1991, VHS
    BA451

  345. Reports From the Battlefield, Nov-Dec 1991 - Part 2 (television program)
    Interviews of the Serb refugees from Western Slavonia (Podravska Slatina) collected in a center in Banja Luka.
    Soldiers and civilians from the front near Daruvar interviewed, also from villages Gređani, Čovac, Okučani, Bogićevci, Kosovac, Jasenovac
    Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1991, VHS
    BA452

  346. Reports From the Battlefield, Nov-Dec 1991 - Part 2 (television program)
    Sequence to the previous cassette. Serb soldiers at the front. The footage includes reports from Jasenovac, Glina, Kordun, Slunj, Cetingrad, Knin, and Drniš.
    Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1991, VHS
    BA453

  347. From the Front, 1992 (television program)
    Footage includes reports from Drniš (headquarters), Obrovac, Benkovac, Novigrad. Some parts shot on January 15, 1992. Interviews with local residents in Drniš. Lengthy interviews with Yugoslav People's Army officers featured.
    Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1992, VHS
    BA454

  348. Knin - Part 1 (television program)
    Includes: 1. Serbian Renewal Movement rally in Belgrade in support of Serbian Krajina and its president Milan Babić (2/07/92). Milan Paroški, Žarko Gavrilović, Dragoslav Bokan among speakers. 2. Press conference of Dr. Milan Babić; 3. Interview Dr. Milan Babić; 4. Blue Helmets - Knin (2/08/92); 5. Survey in Knin (2/10/92); 6. Inhabitants from Knin interviewed; 7. Parliament session of the Republic of Serbian Krajina on Cyrus Vance’s peace plan.
    Producer: Filmske novosti: Yugoslavia/Serbian language; Feb-1992, VHS
    BA455

  349. Knin - Part 2 (television program)
    The footage includes: 1. Knin – Parliament session (sequence from the previous cassette), Milan Babić speaks; 2. Front line Novigrad - Knin; 3. Survey Knin; 4. Refugees from Glamoč (4/10/92); 5. Front line Glamoč-Livno (4/10/92); 6. Kupres (4/09/92); 7. Glamoč (4/10/92).
    Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1992, VHS
    BA456

  350. Refugees from Livno (television program)
    1. Interviews with refugee women and men from Livno area, now situated in Glamoč (4/10/92). 2. Interviews with captured Croatian soldiers from Travnik collected at Manjača camp. 3. Refugees from Travnik; 4. Momir Talić, Bosnian Serb Army officer and two other commanders at a press conference at the Manjača prison camp (6/11/93).
    Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1992, VHS
    BA457

  351. Footage Taken After the Fall of Srebrenica (television program)
    This footage is taken on July, 13 and 14, 1995, two days after Serbs took control of Srebrenica, showing Muslim refugees fleeing with very little property, women and children refugees about to be evacuated by buses, UN soldiers negotiating with Serb soldiers. Muslim men being separated from women, men separated into a remote field, brief statements by the UN soldiers. Serbs firing tanks and heavy artillery at the hills where the Muslims are hiding. Civilians came down from the hills accompanied by the Serb soldiers. Statements by Serb civilians and soldiers, and destruction of a mosque and other buildings in Srebrenica.
    Director: Zoran Petrović - Piroćanac Yugoslavia/Bosnian language; 1995, adásnap: 13-Apr-1995, VHS
    BA458 • Destruction Civilian Property • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  352. My Guest - My Truth/Moj gost - moja istina (interview)
    Bosnian Serb TV interview with Milutin Kukanjac, retired general of JNA, former commander of the Second Military District, Sarajevo.
    Director: Risto Đogo; Producer: Kanal S Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1993, VHS
    BA459 • Military/Para-Military

  353. The Spin - Report about the Fall of Srebrenica (documentary film)
    John Sweeney (The Observer) looks at the circumstances of the fall of UN-designated safe haven of Srebrenica. Sweeney reveals how various governmental and UN officials disseminated misinformation and hid the truth about the enclave's fall. Thousands of Muslim men have gone missing after the Bosnian Serb soldiers took control over Srebrenica. Bosnian Serbs banned journalists from Srebrenica, so the UN became the only source of information. The Dutch troops destroyed their video material before they left the enclave, because the video incriminated them for not helping the civilians. The British Ministry of Defense talked down the evidence of massacre, while the US released their evidence too late. Interviews with journalists and UN officials featured.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; 1995, adásnap: 13-Sep-1995, VHS
    BA460 • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  354. Do Not Close Your Eyes to the Truth (propaganda film)
    Yugoslav Red Cross’ appeal for humanitarian help after ethnic cleansing of Serbs in Croatia during military operations „Bljesak" (Lightning) and „Oluja" (Storm).
    Director: Lidija Veljanova; Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English; 1995, VHS
    BA461

  355. World News Tonight (news)
    Report by Sheila MacVicker on village in Krajina region, Serb territory in Croatia, where elderly Serbian civilians were reportedly slaughtered and then buried by Croatian troops.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 4-Oct-1995, VHS
    bad quality

  356. Nightline: US/NATO as Peacekeepers in the Balkans (report)
    An analysis of the future for US/NATO as peacekeepers in the former Yugoslavia. Interviews with Serbian civilians and Radovan Karadžić who see US/NATO as enemies. Also interviews with UN Commanders and US Special envoy Richard Holbrook.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 10-Oct-1995, VHS
    BA463

  357. Šaban Kurtović - Testimony (interview)
    A Muslim soldier Šaban Kurtović, arrested by the Serbs describes how he raped, tortured, and killed Serbian civilians from Crkvine, under the command of Mehmed Vukara.
    Producer: Fimske novosti Yugoslavia/Bosnian language, VHS

  358. Testimonies - Escape from the Largest Concentration Camp/Svedočenja - Bekstvo iz najvećeg konclogora (documentary film)
    This program shows a convoy of 13 buses with 721 civilians, mostly women, children and elderly, departing Sarajevo on their way to Serbia and Belgrade. Statements by women, children, and elderly refugees of different ethnic origin included. The main reason for leaving Sarajevo is the lack of food, electricity, water and constant fear of being shot. Many say humanitarian aid was scarce. Most refugees are very emotional when talking about the destruction and suffering in Sarajevo. Footage of convoy on the road, refugees in a bus, refugees meeting with their relatives in a sport hall in Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia.
    Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 16-Nov-1993, VHS
    BA465
    Refugees from Travnik - Part 1/Travničke izbjeglice, deo 1 (report)
    Serbian refugees fleeing from Travnik after killing and slaughtering by Muslim forces started. Interview with Colonel Janko Trivić, comander of the Serbian troops at Mt. Vlašić.
    Producer: Information Services of the Serbian Krajina Army Bosnia and Hercegovina/Belarusian language; Jun-1993, VHS

  359. Refugees from Travnik - Part 2/Travničke izbjeglice, deo 2 (report)
    Interviews with Croat refugees from Travnik and the Lašva valley passing through Serb held territory on their way to Croatia. Muslims and Mujahideens expelled many of them from their villages. Their homes burned and many people slaughtered. Shots from concentration camp Manjača and some detainees interviewed.
    Director: Milorad Bajić; Producer: Information Services of the Serbian Krajina Army Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; Jun-1993, VHS
    BA466 • Prison Camps • Destruction Civilian Property • Ethnic Cleansing • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  360. Mostar Serbs/Mostarski Srbi (interview)
    Confession of Petar Sudar, a Serb from Mostar, who was arrested by the Bosnian Croats forces. Talks about the repression against Mostar Serbs and tortures in the concentration camp done by Dr. Zoran Hranilović, surgeon from Zagreb. Mentions other names of perpetrators, like Josip Ambruž, Sabrina Elezović, Ivan Zelenika, Vinko Martinović called Štela, Ahmet Makitan, Ivan Perunčić, Sergej Belović, Ivan Kozir and others.
    Director: Vesna Jugović; Producer: Centar za informisanje inostrane javnosti Yugoslavia/English language/Subtitles: English; Jan-1993, VHS

  361. Crime and Expulsion/Zločin i progonstvo (documentary film)
    This film concentrates on a massive expulsion of Serb civilians from Kninska Krajina, Croatia, where the Serbs were the majority of population. Serb civilians fled the region without any resistance, when the Croatian forces, referred in the video as "Croatian aggressors," launched their offensive in August 1995. Footage shown of long caravan of refugees traveling to Serbia in their cars, buses, tractors, or trucks, destruction of houses, property, dead civilians, and consequences of attacks on refugees, is also included. Many refugees talk about their individual experiences.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English; Aug-1995, VHS
    BA469 • Torture • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  362. NATO Bombs Civil Targets in Republika Srpska (documentary film)
    This video shows the results of the NATO air strikes in the Bosnian Serb areas from August 30 to September13, 1995. The text at the beginning of the video says: "For two weeks, Serbian civilians and military objects were targeted 863 times. NATO Air Forces bombed hospitals, houses, farms, and schools. Over 5000 tons of explosive materials were used." Residents of Pale (Bosnian Serb stronghold near Sarajevo), Pavlovac, a village near Nevesinje, and representatives from the hospital and University in the Serbian part of Sarajevo, describe their experiences. Graphic footage of injured and dead people is included.
    Producer: Serbian TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; 1995, VHS
    BA470

  363. Tragic Consequences of the Croatian Aggression on the Republic of Serbian Krajina (documentary film)
    This program partially consists of the material included in the program, "Crime and Expulsion." More graphic images of dead civilians and soldiers breaking into houses are included. In addition, E. J. Flynn (UN Human Rights Officer) assesses human rights abuses in Plavno Valley, Krajina. His delegation found a small town nearby, where almost every structure was on fire. The villagers were called away to a meeting in a nearby village. Elderly women describe how they found their husbands dead when they came back. Croatian Military Governor in Knin, General Čermak, comments on such incidents.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English; 1995, VHS
    BA471 • Torture • Destruction Civilian Property • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID

  364. Royal Visit, Octber 5-7, 1991/Kraljevska poseta, 5-7. 10. 1991 (documentary film)
    His Royal Highness Prince Alexander visiting Serbia, Belgrade, for the first time.
    Yugoslavia/English language; 1991, VHS
    BA472
    Crown Prince among His People (documentary film)
    His Royal Highness Prince Alexander on the streets of Belgrade and during the rallz against Milošević.
    Yugoslavia/English language; 1993, VHS
    BA473

  365. Children Under Siege: Sarajevo 1992-93 (documentary film)
    About Emina and Adis children injured by a shell. An UNICEF worker explains how his organization helps children in Sarajevo and in Bosnia.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/English language; 1993, VHS

  366. Don't Shoot the Children/Ne pucajte u djecu (documentary film)
    Portraits of the injured children in Sarajevo.
    Director: Milan Trivić Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English; Oct-1992, VHS
    editor in chief Ákos Mester, the voice weekly,
    Vjenčanje u Sarajevu (documentary film)
    Tragic love story in Sarajevo.
    Director: Milan Trivić, Saša Markanović; Producer: Studio 99 Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS

  367. The Four Seasons: Winter, Winter, Winter (documentary film)
    A glimpse of how children and their parents cope with the cold winter in Sarajevo. A child chops up a chair for firewood, mother feeds a dying stove with a plastic toy plane and a sneaker. Children collect water, learn English on the radio and attend classes by candlelight with their Unicef textbooks. And a boy bakes bread for his family with the flour he earns working for the local baker.
    Producer: Videopress Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; Dec-1993, VHS
    editor in chief Ákos Mester, the voice weekly,

  368. Massacre in Dobrinja/Masakr u Dobrinji (television program)
    The massacre in Dobrinja, when mortar shells fell upon the soccer field while a match was being held. Wounded being taken to the hospital.
    Producer: Videopress Bosnia and Hercegovina/Belarusian language; 31-Aug-1992, VHS

  369. A Day in the Life of Lazarela (documentary film)
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language, VHS
    Girl and Father (documentary film)
    Sad story about a two year old girl whose father was killed.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    BA478
    Milan for ABC (raw footage)
    Unedited shots of Sarajevo during the siege.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS

  370. The Boy and the Bridge/Dečak i most - Various Programs (documentary film)
    About a Mostar boy and his first jump from the Old Bridge into the Neretva river.
    Director: Dragoslav Dragan Mitrović; Producer: Filmske novosti Yugoslavia/Spanish language; 1971, VHS
    editor in chief Ákos Mester, the voice weekly,
    Nine Circles of Mostar's Hell/Devet krugova mostarskog pakla (documentary film)
    The footage shows the physical destruction of Mostar. The old bridge shot by a shell on August 11, 1993
    Producer: RTV Mostar Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language, VHS
    Unfinished Business (report)
    The report depicts the shelling of the old bridge, civilians being shot down, and doctors trying to save the wounded.
    United States/English language; 1993, VHS
    Mostar (report)
    Report about the destruction of Mostar caused by the Bosnian Serb forces after 75 days of siege.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1992, VHS

  371. Mostar - Old Bridge/Mostar - Stari most (documentary film)
    Footage of damage caused to Mostar and destruction of the Mostar's Old bridge.
    Director: Emir Saltagić; Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    Sarajevo gradovima BiH ratne '95 (entertainment program)
    Film about Mostar's history; followed by discussion with Mostar's cultural and military leaders: Gradimir Gojer, Safer Oručević, Mostar's Major, military commander Emir Humo, Emir Balić, painter Afan Ramić, Abdulah Sidran.
    Director: Emir Saltagić; Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1995, VHS
    Let There be Light/Neka bude svjetlosti (documentary film)
    A Mostar Radio anchorwoman describing how she lost her husband. Interviews with Mostar men who were held in Croatian run prison camps. They describe tortures they endured while imprisoned.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS

  372. 48 Hours: America's Mission (report)
    Dan Rather reports from Bosnia on eve of deployment of US troops. He visits US soldiers in Germany as they prepare for mission, debates wisdom of US presence through interviews with fathers and wives of soldiers killed in Somalia, visit to refugee camps, brief history of conflict, attitudes and feelings of Croatians & Serbs in US, brief Arkan segment.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 14-Dec-1995, VHS

  373. The Death of Yugoslavia - Part 1 - Enter Nationalism (documentary film)
    This is the first of a definitive five-part series that combine to form a definitive history of the break up of Yugoslavia. Part one begins with the period immediately following Tito's death in 1980, focusing on the reshuffling of power and economic problems within the Yugoslav federation at that time. Slobodan Milošević's steps to broader power are retraced closely, specifically his historic trip to Kosovo in April 1987, that brought him the support of Serbian nationalists. The documentary shows how Milošević used the local Serbian nationalists in Kosovo as a power base, orchestrating protests throughout the Yugoslavian republics that created a wave of Serbian nationalism. The Communist Party meeting that enabled Milošević to replace Ivan Stambolić as President of Serbia in a power grab is also covered. The documentary shows how Milošević then stripped Kosovo of its autonomy, which triggered a nervous reaction in Slovenia and other republics. Slovenia's move to secede from the Yugoslav federation is highlighted, including the role played by Mladina magazine. In concluding part one, the implications of an independent Slovenia are examined, relating to the looming domino-effect of secession by individual republics within the Yugoslav federation, as Milan Kučan and his delegation are shown walking out on the Communist Party congress. The key politicians are interviewed throughout the documentary, including: Slobodan Milošević, Ivan Stambolić, Milan Kučan, Borisav Jović, Petar Gračanin, Miroslav Šolević, Azem Vllasi, Mira Marković, Dušan Mitević, Dragiša Pavlović, Dušan Čkrebić, Raif Dizdarević, Momir Bulatović, JNA Admiral Branko Mamula, Franci Zavrl, Janez Janša, JNA Colonel Aleksandar Vasiljević, Vasil Tuporkovski, Ivica Račan, and Ciril Ribičič.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; 26-Dec-1995, VHS

  374. The Death of Yugoslavia - Part 2 - The Road to War (documentary film)
    Part two covers the period of political maneuvering following Slovenia's successful bid for independence, beginning by interviewing Head of Yugoslav Intelligence General Vasiljević about an alleged secret meeting between Croatian Defense Minister Martin Špegelj and Hungarian arm dealers. The documentary details the high tensions between Serb and Croat officials as Croatia strives for independence, featuring a play-by-play account of how Slobodan Milošević, President of Serbia, Borisav Jović, Serbian delegate to the Yugoslav State Council, and other Serbian military and government officials orchestrated a plan to prevent Croatia from seceding from the Yugoslav Federation. Vasil Tupurkovski, Macedonian delegate to the Yugoslav State Council, is interviewed extensively, describing how Milošević and Jović devised a plan to gain control over the JNA. Actual sessions of the Yugoslav State Council meetings show Council delegates splitting as a showdown between Stipe Mesić, Croatian delegate to the Yugoslav State Council, and Jović develops. As Croatia struggles to gain independence on a federal level, the Serbian minority in the Krajina region begins to revolt under the leadership of Milan Babić, Mayor of Knin, and Milan Martić, Police Chief in Knin. The underlying power struggle between Franjo Tuđman, President of Croatia, and Slobodan Milošević is described, including footage of their meeting. Part two ends with the beginning of an all-out war in Vukovar, showing footage of refugees and the destruction. Other key politicians and military figures interviewed include: Petar Gračanin, Žarko Jokanović, Slavko Degoricija, Warren Zimmerman, Perica Jurić, and JNA Generals Života Panić, Branko Mamula, Veljko Kadijević, Blagoje Adžić, and Andrija Rašeta.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; 27-Dec-1995, Archival boxes
    BA483

  375. The Death of Yugoslavia - Part 3 - Wars of Independence (documentary film)
    This is the third of six separate films that combine to form a definitive history of the break up of Yugoslavia. In the third segment, the details of how Croatia and Slovenia gained independence from Yugoslavia are provided, as well as how the Serbian and Yugoslav federation authorities and the Yugoslav Army responded to the situation. Involvement of the EC leaders and their attempts to prevent the outbreak of war are discussed. Events in Borovo selo, Kijevo, and Vukovar, which led to bloodshed and ethnic cleansing, are explained in detail. Interviews with all key politicians and players included, accompanied with footage of events.
    United Kingdom/English language; 28-Dec-1995, VHS
    BA485

  376. The Death of Yugoslavia - Part 4 - The Gates of Hell (documentary film)
    Part four focuses on specific events and political maneuverings in Bosnia-Herzegovina that led to the outbreak of war. The ethnic make-up and history of Bosnia are detailed briefly for context. The tense situation in Sarajevo during late 1991 and early 1992 is in focus, including footage from the Bosnian parliament showing the heightened political rhetoric and ultimate showdown between the party of Radovan Karadžić, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, and Alija Izetbegović, President of Bosnia-Herzegovina, accompanied by interviews with both politicians. Protestors promoting peace and tolerance are shown being fired on by Karadžić's snipers shortly before the all-out war. Initial outbreaks of the war in the northern cities of Bijeljina and Zvornik are chronicled, pointing out the effects of ethnic cleansing and how it played into the Bosnian Serb agenda. Vojislav Šešelj, paramilitary leader, and other Serbian politicians point to the involvement of the central Serbian government in the Bosnian conflict through paramilitary, military and logistical support for the Bosnian Serbs. Later events that led to all-out war are also featured, including detailed accounts of events in Sarajevo which led to the Bosnian Serbs' siege of the city, accompanied by interviews with politicians and key players involved, as well as footage from local TV stations.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; 29-Dec-1995, VHS
    visual

  377. The Death of Yugoslavia - Part 5 - A Safe Area (documentary film)
    The fifth part covers the progress of war in Bosnia, focusing on the "safe area" of Srebrenica that was besieged and eventually taken by the Serbs. A detailed analysis of the involvement of the international community is provided, accompanied by a discussion of the Vance-Owen plan, American and Russian influence, and the use of NATO. Events in Sarajevo, Goražde and other "safe areas" also discussed, with highlights on relations between the Bosnian Serbs and Milošević, Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats, and the Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats. Bosnian Muslim Commander Naser Orić meeting with General Morillon. Statement by Bosnian government official Murat Efendić. Footage includes the "Chess scene" where Mladić and Karadžić play chess and General Milenko Živanović is looking on the game. UN soldier covering his face (in shame) with Mladić sitting next to him after Žepa takeover.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; 30-Dec-1995, VHS
    pdf documents and video

  378. The Death of Yugoslavia - Part 6 - Pax Americana (documentary film)
    This is the sixth of six separate films that combine to form a definitive history of the break up of Yugoslavia. In this last segment, the Bosnian Serbs' final assault and massacre of Muslims in Srebrenica is detailed, as well as Croatia's invasion and subsequent ousting of Serbs in the Krajina. American and NATO involvement are shown and discussed, including interviews with numerous US State Department officials. Events that led up to the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995 are covered with great detail. The various stages of the agreement are shown, including commentary by Richard Holbrooke, as well as the final divisions of territory in Bosnia.
    United Kingdom/English language; 31-Dec-1995, Archival boxes
    data CD

  379. Piece of Bread and Drop of Water (report)
    After Bosnian Government military offensive, desperate refugees from Sanski Most, Ključ, Krupa, and the rest of Western Bosnia flee towards Banjaluka. Vice-president of Serb organization from Krajina, Dragan Divjak, included.
    Producer: Studio B, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language; Sep-1995, VHS
    BA494
    Interview with Željko Ražnjatović Arkan (interview)
    Arkan talks about the beginning of his engagement in the war in Croatia. Despite a lack of prior military experience, Arkan describes how he formed the Serbian Volunteer Guard, also known as the Tigers, relying on strict discipline and the help of Serbs from foreign mercenary brigades, such as the Legion of Foreigners. Arkan criticizes the Yugoslav National Army (JNA), calling its soldiers a "bunch of scum." Arkan discusses his post-war role as a parliamentary representative in Kosovo, which he refers to as Kosmet, including his motives to enter politics. Arkan stresses that serving the Serbian nation has been his driving force and emphasizes the importance of the Serbian tradition and nationhood to Serbs. He briefly describes his political campaign, securing him 5 seats in parliament, as well as divisions among the Serbs in Kosovo. Arkan also details his vision of the "United Serbian States," which would encompass all Serb lands and be governed by an "all-Serb assembly." Arkan further talks about his connection with the Belgrade soccer team, the Red Star, outlining his plans for future involvement in the team's affairs. He talks about the Tigers' backgrounds, their initial motivation to join him, and their post-war whereabouts. According to Arkan, men of all social backgrounds joined the Guard when a "drop of Obilić's blood boiled within them," a statement implying that modern-day Serb defenders are descendants of a Serbian hero who took the life of Sultan Murat in the battle of Kosovo polje in 1389. Arkan proudly details his business ventures which enable him to continually provide financial support to the families of the 28 fallen and over a hundred injured Tigers. Arkan also talks about his family, especially his 4 small children.
    Producer: Studio B, Belgrade Yugoslavia/English language; 1995, VHS
    BA495
    Serb Refugees from Kninska Krajina in Serbia/Srpske Izbjeglice iz Kninske krajine u Srbiji (report)
    Refugees from Knin trying to move into Croatian houses in villages near Belgrade. Croats and Serbs interviewed. Milan Vranješ, president of the local community Novi Banovci. Bosiljka Pek, Croat, resident of Novi Banovci, Đorđe Dragac, Serb refugee from Knin, Zoran Preočanin, Serb, refugee from Knin.
    Producer: Studio B, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1995, VHS
    BA496

  380. Nightline: Can There Be Peace Without Justice? (report)
    Report on the massacres and mass grave sites in Bosnia. US forces' dilemma on whether to expand the definition of mission to deal with crimes against humanity. Interview with survivors from various massacres, Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights John Shattuck, Roy Gutman and ICTY Judge Richard Goldstone.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 25-Jan-1996, VHS
    visual

  381. End of Yugoslavia - Part 1 (report)
    This report gives a detailed insight into the Bosnian conflict outlining the events leading to the war and the future siege of Sarajevo. Europe's response to the conflict is also detailed, particularly in the second part of the report. The report begins by focusing on how pre-war Bosnia, and Sarajevo in particular, had symbolized the spirit of Yugoslavia, describing how Bosnian Muslims, Croat, and Serbs lived side by side. The referendum for secession held in Bosnia as Yugoslavia was disintegrating is then detailed. Right after the results went public, where Bosnian Muslims and Croats voted for independence from Yugoslavia and most of the Serbs boycotted the ballot, the report explains that armed men with masked faces set up barricades around in the predominantly Serb areas of Sarajevo. It is further explained that the pathological nationalism of their leaders radicalized Bosnian Serbs to take up the call to arms to prevent Bosnia from succeeding from Yugoslavia. The report then explains that by April 1992, Sarajevo, a former Olympic City, and the rest of Bosnia were at war. As the report points out, Bosnian Serbs enjoyed an arms superiority for several weeks through the control of the JNA, but were then forced to withdraw from all the city's barracks, leaving Sarajevo to various paramilitary groups, all with the goal to prevent Bosnian Serb domination. The report shows Bosnian Serb bunkers, stating that Bosnian Serb fighters managed to secure their positions in the hills above Sarajevo, which allowed them to have every street in full view. The Markale marketplace bombing of civilians waiting in line for bread in May of1992 is pointed out as having shocked the world. It is still not clear who fired the mortar shell. Details are given how Sarajevo became a dangerous place where snipers aimed at children, where funerals could not be conducted in peace, and where any venture outside could mean death. The damages that can result from being at the frontline are exemplified by what happened to Dobrinja, the Western suburb of Sarajevo, where the frontline ran right through and left its 40.000 inhabitants cut off from the world or months. Dobrinja's maternity hospital, which lay right on the frontline, is shown as having been one of the first targets of Bosnian Serb attacks. The report states that the Bosnian government made several unsuccessful attempts to break the siege so children could be evacuated, as endless streams of casualties left many hospitals in agony. The report then goes into a discussion regarding the detention camps found in Bosnia in August of 1992, which caused pictures of Manjača (and Omarska) camp to circulate around the globe. The reports states that Bosnian Serbs committed most of the atrocities, but their enemies were not blameless either. The report explains that the loosing of their land and cities did not prevent Bosnian Muslims to strike back lethally by giving the example of the early morning attack of Bosnian Muslim forces where 28 Bosnian Serb soldiers were brutally murdered. Two of the soldiers were roasted on a spit. Mass graves and appalling pictures of starved prisoners got the world to take action, according to the report. The UN acted by setting up a war crimes tribunal along the lines of the Nuremberg trials. The report explains that in the countryside, the Bosnian Serb desire to create a ethnically pure enclave, was expressed through ethnic cleansing where anyone of a different ethnic or religious background was disposed of life or property. As the report states, there are no exact numbers on how many people got displaced, died, or were in prison camps and survived, but there are countless villages which lay empty. According to the report, the estimated 2.5 million Bosnian refugees have created the worst refugee crisis since WWII. Germany, it is detailed, was most responsive to the crisis by taking up half a million refugees. The report ends by stating that most of Bosnia's refugees remain homeless and friendless, with their lives in ruins. Footage shown also includes: Sarajevo being bombed at night, men sitting in a cafe, people voting at the polls, masked Bosnian Serbs behind barricades, demonstration and later shooting at Marijin dvor Square, dead JNA soldiers laying in the street, JNA trucks moving out of Sarajevo, Croat paramilitary soldiers (HOS), marketplace bombing victims, babies strapped to bus seats, bodies of two dead children, an old woman being hit at a funeral service, destroyed apartments in Dobrinja, doctors working on a wounded, graves on the roadside, destroyed maternity hospital in Dobrinja, Koševo maternity ward, wounded being brought into Koševo, tall buildings being hit, destroyed houses, funeral of the 28 Bosnian Serb soldiers, body bags, Bosnian Serb soldiers driving through the countryside, refugees fleeing, refugee camps, refugees arriving at a German train station.
    Producer: Sky News United Kingdom/English language; 28-Nov-1992, VHS
    data CD
    End of Yugoslavia - Part 2 (report)
    The report continues by outlining Europe's direct response to the war in Bosnia. It is explained how by April of 1992, frustration with the inability to understand the conflict caused mediators, peacekeepers, aid workers, and journalists to leave Sarajevo. General helplessness of the European Community to solve the Bosnia conflict is then outlined by stating that the organization which holds itself responsible for European stability was the first to leave Bosnia, immediately followed by UN forces whose headquarters for Croatia were set up in Sarajevo. It is then explained that the Red Cross left after one of their convoys was ambushed, killing their new Sarajevo representative. The report states that more journalists and cameramen were killed or wounded in Croatia and Bosnia than in any other war. According to the report, the leaving of international monitors resulted in the worst shelling of Sarajevo (which was captured only by SKY News) shocked the world. The report then outlines Western efforts to find a solution for the Bosnia crisis, beginning with an act of political showmanship where French President Francois Mitterand toured the streets of Sarajevo with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegović. The report states that instead of ending the war, the world chose to send in peacekeeping troops to support the humanitarian aid effort, which the international community decided to make in Bosnia. UN soldiers were to control the Sarajevo airport, and escort the food, medicine, and clothing shipped into Sarajevo. The presence of UN soldiers is explained as not resulting in the end of the siege, but rather a blaze of publicity as politicians, such as British parliament member Douglas Heard, when flew into Sarajevo and then disappeared into armored vehicles for talks with warring leaders. According to the report, these talks went nowhere and no cease-fire was ever held. The report then details the London Conference, which was organized by Britain’s Prime Minister John Major who organized the UN and most of Europe for a two-day conference dealing with Bosnia. The only results of the conference were that one mediator, Lord Carrington, was replaced by two new ones, Cyrus Vance for the UN, and Lord David Owen for the EU. The report then gives an outline of the trouble humanitarian aid distributors have experienced in Bosnia. At the end of summer an incident where an Italian cargo flight was shot down while leaving Sarajevo is given as example of how susceptible to attack the lightly armed UN troops are. The report explains that inside Sarajevo, people have been given aid roughly once every two weeks, even though both the queue and the bureaucratic procedures are lengthy. It is further noted that even though not enough food is given out, Sarajevo is comparatively lucky to other areas of Bosnia where many of the UN aid convoys were halted by Bosnian Serb who would not let the UN feed Bosnian Serb enemies. According to the report, some of the walls were created by Bosnian Serb commanders, other by widows, mothers, and sisters who’ve lost husbands, sons, and brothers. Srebrenica is given as example of being hit the hardest because it was cut off for seven months. It is explained that even after an agreement was reached with the Bosnian Serb military and political leadership, it proved worthless for three days as local Bosnian Serb commanders refused to let the trucks go through and organized another wailing barricade dressed in black. The report concludes that the insistence of Western leaders on a policy based only on talks and delivery of humanitarian aid resolved nothing, as food aid was always too little and too late, and the case fire was never adhered to. The reports shows Sarajevo's firemen turn up regardless of the shelling and the sniper; but even as they overcome a fire on one side of a building, another fire starts at the other side (?). The report finalizes by stating that the world keeps looking on as Sarajevo and its most prized treasures disappear in flames. Statements by Britain’s Prime Minister John Major, Lord David Owen, a female civilian, UN aid worker Larry Hollingworth, and UN Commander in Bosnia General Philip Morrillon. Other footage available: landscapes of Sarajevo, UN vehicles with bullet holes in their windshield, destroyed UN headquarters in Sarajevo, destroyed UN trucks, Sarajevo being bombed at dusk, UN trucks entering Sarajevo, UN soldiers unloading a cargo plane, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević at the London Conference, UN cargo plane landing in Sarajevo, the remains of the Italian plane that was shut down, Bosnian Serb women wailing at a gravesite, UN trucks lined up in front of Srebrenica, residents looking on as their apartment building is burning, the body of a dead child, and Bosnian TV footage of the National Library up in flames.
    Producer: Sky News United Kingdom/English language; 28-Nov-1992, VHS
    Colonel Bob's Boys - Six Months in Bosnia - Part 1 (report)
    This film focuses on the British UN Commander Colonel Robert "Bosnia Bob" Stewart. Colonel Stewart is interviewed extensively throughout this broadcast. The region of central Bosnia that Stewart controlled for the UN in and around Vitez is highlighted. Particular detail is given to the massacre in the village of Ahmići. Colonel Stewart gained international recognition for speaking out against the Bosnian Croat HVO contingent for grave atrocities committed in the small village of Ahmići. The question of whether the West will send more troops is posed throughout as well. Told through the eyes of the colonel, this film shows the difficult position of the UN in Bosnia.
    Producer: Sky News United Kingdom/English language; 17-May-1993, VHS
    Colonel Bob's Boys - Six Months in Bosnia - Part 2 (report)
    Producer: Sky News United Kingdom/English language; 17-May-1993, VHS
    Bosnia - The Tragic Divide. Part 1 (report)
    This program analyzes Bosnia's history and relates it to the current conflict, featuring archival footage of events from both World Wars, including images of King Alexandar, Jasenovac, Hitler with Ante Pavelić, Marshall Tito. Historians Dr. Niall Ferguson and Mark Almond offer historical analyses. Statements and images included: journalist Miloš Vasić, Sarajevo under shelling, injured and dead civilians, Bosnian Serb soldiers, refugees, Bill Clinton, Franjo Tuđman, Radovan Karadžić, Slobodan Milošević, Mate Boban, General Lewis MacKenzie testifying before a Congressional panel, Judith Kumin (UNHCR) analyses "safe havens" Srebrenica, Žepa, and Goražde.
    United Kingdom/English language; 31-May-1993, VHS
    Bosnia - The Tragic Divide. Part 2 (report)
    United Kingdom/English language; 31-May-1993, VHS

  382. The Southern Balkans on the Edge - Part 1 (report)
    This report focuses on the southern territories of the former Yugoslavia - Macedonia and Kosovo. Historical background information, ethnic make-up, and current attitudes are all detailed, leading in to the present-day political situation. The plight of ethnic Albanians is focused on in both regions, revealing fears that the conflict in Bosnia could spread to Kosovo and Macedonia. Footage includes city and country life from both areas, including interviews with ethnic Albanians, Macedonians, and Serbs from both Macedonia and Kosovo. At the time of the report, tensions between ethnic groups are running high because of the ensuing war in other parts of the former Yugoslavia (Bosnia and Croatia). Statements included feature: Ibrahim Rugova, President of LDK for ethnic Albanians in Kosovo; Kiro Gligorov, President of Macedonia; Mahi Nisimi, Speaker for the Party of Democratic Prosperity in Kosovo; Captain Naum Businovski, Macedonian Army; Major Radomir Popović, Yugoslav Army (JNA); and Risto Nikovski, Deputy Foreign Minister, and local people.
    Producer: Sky News United Kingdom/English language; 20-Jun-1993, VHS
    no moving pictures
    The Southern Balkans on the Edge - Part 2 (report)
    United Kingdom/English language; 20-Jun-1993, VHS
    Bihać - The Inside Story - Part 1 (propaganda film)
    Aernout Van Lynden reports on the fights at Western Bosnia front between the Fifth Corps of Bosnian Army, allied with Bosnian Croats, and Bosnian Serbs forces. Towns of Bihać, Cazin and Velika Kladuša mentioned.
    Producer: Sky News United Kingdom/English language; 11-Jan-1995, VHS
    BA504
    Bihać - The Inside Story - Part 2 (propaganda film)
    Producer: Sky News United Kingdom/English language, VHS

  383. A Peace without Honor (report)
    Panorama program on Lord David Owen, European Community peace envoy in the Former Yugoslavia.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language; 30-Sep-1995, VHS
    BA505

  384. Dnevnik (news)
    Short news report about promotion of Bosnian Serb generals, Milenko Živanović and Radislav Krstić "after brilliant victories in Srebrenica and Žepa".
    Producer: Republika srpska TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Serbian language; 1993, VHS
    BA506
    Nazi Connection (documentary film)
    A focus is on the biological studies of race and genes, and how it supported American racism and Nazi fascism. An analysis of how biased science is used to support rhetoric of right-wing radicals.
    Producer: WDR Germany/German language; 1995, VHS

  385. Gorazde (raw footage)
    Amateur footage of Goražde.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/(silent) language; 12-Jul-1990, VHS
    access path denied
    Do you remember Goražde?/Pamtiš li Goražde? (documentary film)
    Video essay on brutality and war crimes against civilians in the Goražde area.
    Director: Šemsudin Gegić; Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1993, VHS

  386. The Cowards' War (documentary film)
    Australian news reporter Chris Masters investigates the crimes against humanity in Bosnia and Herzegovina after four years of fighting. Interviews with survivors from Bosanska Krupa featured. Since the conflict began, Australia has received over 12,000 refugees.
    Producer: Australian Broadcasting Corporation Australia/English language; 1995, VHS
    visual

  387. Bosnia 101 - Who Lives There, Who Died There, Why Are We There? (educational program)
    This ABC News special hosted by Peter Jennings was meant to serve as a primer to many Americans and their children on the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. The program was used to promote dialogue between children of Bosnia's different ethnic groups. Throughout the program Jennings calls on both military and political experts to gain a better understanding of pre and post Dayton Bosnia.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 13-Jan-1996, VHS

  388. The World in Action: The Unseen Enemy (documentary film)
    Investigation on chemical weapons production in pre-war Yugoslavia. Deserted plant in Mostar thought to be used by the Yugoslav People's Army to produce nerve gas, sarin. Author speculates that the production was now moved to Serbia.
    Producer: Granada Television United Kingdom/English language; 27-Nov-1995, VHS
    BA511 • Destruction Cultural Heritage • Military/Para-Military

  389. Crime in Paraćin/Zločin u Paraćinu (television program)
    On September 3, 1987, Aziz Keljmendi, the soldier of Albanian origin, killed several of his colleagues in the military unit in Paraćin. Military intelligence footage on the crime scene and the organization of the trial for others involved in the massacre.
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 1987, VHS
    BA518
    Janez Janša in prison - Part 1 (television program)
    Military intelligence footage of interrogation.
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 1988, VHS

  390. Janez Janša in prison - Part 2 (television program)
    Military intelligence footage of interrogation.
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 1988, VHS
    BA512B

  391. Janez Janša in prison - Part 3 (television program)
    Military intelligence footage of interrogation.
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 1988, Archival boxes
    HDZ Rally in Osijek (television program)
    Rally of Hrvatska demokratska zajednica (Croatian Democratic Union) in Osijek. Franjo Tuđman and Vladimir Šeks among speakers. Tuđman speaks about "Croatian rifle on Croatian shoulder" as a guarantee for the free Croatia.
    Croatia/Croatian language; 1-Apr-1990, Archival boxes

  392. Tensions between Pale and Banjaluka (television program)
    Tensions within the Bosnian Serb leadership. President Biljana Plavšić has demonstrated their capability - though with SFOR's assistance - to retain control in the western part of Republika Srpska, to prevent the radical supporters of the Pale faction from entering Banjaluka and to avoid major incidents.
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; Sep-1997, Archival boxes
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  393. Report on Srebrenica (includes interview with General Ratko Mladić) (television program)
    This footage, taken in Srebrenica after the Serbs took control of Srebrenica, shows armed Bosnian Serb soldiers, damaged or destroyed buildings, and the UN Dutch battallion's building, Muslim refugees (mostly women with children and almost no property) arriving in Srebrenica, refugees gathered in an enclosed area guarded by Serb soldiers, UN soldier speaking to refugees, refugees waiting to board the buses, Bosnian Serb soldiers giving candy to the children refugees, General Ratko Mladić speaking with UN soldiers and addressing the refugees (men, women, children), a brief interview with Gen. Mladić, women and children about to be evacuated by buses.
    Producer: Serbian TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 12-Jul-1995, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music
    Interview with Radovan Karadžić (interview)
    Talking about the Bosnian Serb Army taking UN soldiers hostage.
    Producer: Bosnian Serb TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1-Jun-1995, Beta SP
    BA513
    John Shattuck Press Statement (television program)
    John Shattuck is a Secretary for human rights for the US State Department. Gives a statement in the Srebrenica region, about the mass sites Kravica, Glogova, and others.
    English language; 1995, Beta SP
    The War - One Story - Part 1/Rat - jedna priča, deo 1 (interview)
    Colonel Zoran Stanković, pathologist at a Medical Military Center in Belgrade and a member of the State Commission for gathering evidence of war crimes committed in the territory of Yugoslavia, is interviewed. Colonel Stanković compiled a database of about 4,500 persons who were killed in the war. According to him, about 1,400 officers and soldiers of the former Yugoslav People's Army died in the Yugoslav conflict. Further he describes his work on mass graves in Croatia (Vukovar, Gospić, Tenje, Mirkovci, Artunovac), and in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, in Dobrovoljacka Street, Tuzla, Bijeljina, Kravica, Zvornik, Milići, Vlasenica, Brčko, and other places).
    Producer: NTV Studio B Serbia and Montenegro/Serbian language; Dec-1994, Beta SP
    BA517

  394. The War - One Story - Part 2/Rat - jedna priča, deo 2 (documentary film)
    Colonel Zoran Stanković, pathologist at a Medical Military Center in Belgrade and a member of the State Commission for gathering evidence of war crimes committed in the territory of Yugoslavia, is interviewed. Colonel Stanković compiled a database of about 4,500 persons who were killed in the war. According to him, about 1,400 officers and soldiers of the former Yugoslav People's Army died in the Yugoslav conflict. Further he describes his work on mass graves in Croatia (Vukovar, Gospić, Tenje, Mirkovci, Artunovac), and in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, in Dobrovoljacka Street, Tuzla, Bijeljina, Kravica, Zvornik, Milići, Vlasenica, Brčko, and other places).
    Producer: NTV Studio B Yugoslavia/Serbian language; Dec-1994, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  395. Interview with Biljana Plavšić (interview)
    Biljana Plavšić talks about preparations for Dayton peace conference and the future of Sarajevo.
    Producer: Studio B, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language; Dec-1995, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music
    Sarajevo: From Peace to War and vice versa/Sarajevo: Od mira do rata i obratno (report)
    Documentary on Serbian part of Sarajevo. People start crossing the border in the divided city to meet their relatives and friends.
    Director: Tanja Jordović; Producer: Studio B, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1995, VHS
    BA492
    Višegrad (report)
    Life in Višegrad, controlled by the Bosnian Serbs. Local Serb residents and refugees talk about their war experiences.
    Producer: Studio B, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language, VHS
    BA489
    Dubrovnik in a Hand/Dubrovnik na dlanu (documentary film)
    A short video clip about Dubrovnik.
    Director: Suzana Vasiljević; Producer: ORF Austria/German language, VHS
    The First Day of the United Nations in Sarajevo (report)
    United Nations mission established in Sarajevo.
    Producer: ORF Austria/Serbian language, VHS

  396. What's Going to Happen to Them?/Šta će s njima biti? (documentary film)
    Video essay on refugees. Children as the main victims of the war in former Yugoslavia.
    Director: Suzana Vasiljević; Producer: ORF Austria/Serbian language; 1992, Archival boxes
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music
    Between Barricades and Fields (report)
    Republika Srpska krajina during peace agreement with Croatia. Statements by Milan Babić and Borislav Mikelić.
    Director: Tanja Jordović; Producer: Studio B, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 1994, Archival boxes

  397. Jon Duncanson Reporting from Sarajevo, Bosnia and Serbia (report)
    Several reports from Bosnia by Jon Duncanson for local Fox affiliate in Chicago featured. Jon Duncanson shows sniper posts and land mines in Grbavica, the Serb-held part of Sarajevo. Interviews with the Bosnian Serbs about their experience in Bosnia during the war. Rape victims and injured civilians are featured, as well as numerous military personnel giving their opinion. A report from Serbia featured about John Tica, a Serbian American who came to Serbia to look for his relatives, who were expelled from Croatia and are refugees in Serbia.
    Producer: Fox TV United States/English language; 1995, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  398. The Dictionary of Life: Theater and Freedom in War (documentary film)
    Zarina Khan, French writer and theater director, in October 1993 visits Sarajevo to "build space of freedom and share it with the young people in the besieged city." Zarina created acting and writing workshop for teenagers to produce their own show about the meaning of human existence and freedom. Zerina meets Timur, 8-year-old refugee in Sarajevo; he has to search for food and water. Readings and performance by the teenagers intertwined with the pictures of Sarajevo and Zarina's narration.
    Director: Francois Stuck; Copyright holder: Cie Zarina Khan France/English language; 1994, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  399. What's in the News: Background to the Balkans (educational program)
    An attempt to explain the driving forces behind the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. The program gives a historical background of the region. The war's young victims, refugees from Croatia (most probably Vukovar) describe their experiences and suffering caused by the war.
    Director: Kimberlie Kranich; Producer: What's in the News English language; 16-Jan-1995, VHS
    Sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens". Arrogant, provocative, quality pop music.

  400. A Wound to the Soul: Work in Progress (documentary film)
    A documentary in progress about the land mines problem in the former Yugoslavia. Victims are the children (Elvis, Nedim). It begins with images of children accompanied by music in the second part Elvis and Nedim describe how they were injured by the mine explosion. Victims are the children (Elvis, Nedim). IFOR officers explain how the land mines work.
    Director: Cynthia Lee; Producer: Cloverleaf Productions United States/English language; 1996, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  401. The Front Line at Home (documentary film)
    Documentary about the life in Grbavica, urban part of Sarajevo controlled by the Bosnian Serbs from 1992 to March 1996.
    Director: Karl Haupt; Producer: News Film Media Canada/Bosnian language; 1994, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  402. Jon Duncanson on the Frontline (television program)
    Footage take on the front lines of Croatia and Mostar in 1992, for CBS News.
    Producer: CBS United States/Croatian language; 1992, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  403. Nightline: Life Inside Sarajevo - Life Under Siege (news)
    In this report, the latest massacre in Sarajevo and the Croatian offensive against the Serbs in Croatia are discussed. ABC's Garrick Utley reports on the massacre near the main market in Sarajevo. The UN believes the shells came from the south of the city, where the Bosnian Serbs are positioned, but hasn’t officially confirmed that. Karadžic says that whenever the three parties come to a juncture in peace talks, the Muslim government stages a massacre of its own people to sabotage the talks and blame the Serbs. The funeral of the three US diplomats killed in an auto accident in Bosnia is shown. BBC's Mark Urban looks into a supply route to Sarajevo via Mt. Igman, living conditions in Bosnia and the black market in petrol oil in the Bosnian capital. The reporter visits the family of Almir Pašić, who explains how he collects water. The peace process is discussed. Statements by Haris Silajdžić, Radovan Karadžić, Richard Holbrooke, Susan Woodward of the Brookings Institution, Mohammed Šaćirbey, Kris Jankowski of UNHCR, Fadil Jako, a Bosnian civilian, Jadranko Katina, a local journalist, Almir Pašić, a Bosnian civilian, Sabina Sejović, a civilian convoy control, as well as interviews with journalists, Tony Birtley of ABC, who has been reporting from former Yugoslavia for the past three and a half years, and Roger Cohen of the NY Times. Footage included: the main market massacre in Sarajevo, the main hospital receiving the injured, Hoolbroke and Izetbegović going to a meeting in Paris, the Croatian Army, Milošević, Serb refugees from Krajina, UN forces convoy, funeral of the three American diplomats and the wreckage of the APC in which they were killed.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 28-Aug-1995, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  404. The Album of Sarajevo/Sarajevski spomenar (documentary film)
    This program includes interviews with children of Sarajevo and Srebrenica. Children talk about their experiences, how they became aware of the war, and loses they suffered in the war. Children and their teacher visit refugees from Srebrenica. Their accounts of the war seem to be a therapeutic process to assist the children in coping with their experiences. Scene of little girl telling her doll to beware of snipers.
    Director: Ivo Lukas, Naša Mehmedbašić; Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language/Subtitles: English, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  405. Tango of Slaves - Part 1 (documentary film)
    "Tango of Slaves", named after a popular tune from the Warsaw Ghetto, was produced by Ilan Ziv for his two daughters, in an effort to give them their own images of the Holocaust and their family history. Frustrated by popular Holocaust imagery, Ziv decided to take his father back to Warsaw, his former home. Tango of Slaves is the story of that return, a physical journey that became a meditative essay about history, memory, and their preservation in imagery; a meditation which has been made more pressing as the Holocaust is being inevitably transformed from a living experience into motion picture drama.
    Director: Ilan Ziv United States/English language; 1994, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  406. Tango of Slaves - Part 2 (documentary film)
    "Tango of Slaves", named after a popular tune from the Warsaw Ghetto, was produced by Ilan Ziv for his two daughters, in an effort to give them their own images of the Holocaust and their family history. Frustrated by popular Holocaust imagery, Ziv decided to take his father back to Warsaw, his former home. Tango of Slaves is the story of that return, a physical journey that became a meditative essay about history, memory, and their preservation in imagery; a meditation which has been made more pressing as the Holocaust is being inevitably transformed from a living experience into motion picture drama.
    Director: Ilan Ziv United States/English language; 1994, VHS
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  407. Survivors of the Holocaust (documentary film)
    Documents personal accounts of the Holocaust before and during WWII.
    Producer: Steven Spielberg and the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation; Copyright holder: TBS United States/English language, Beta SP, 60 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  408. KMVT, Mountain View Community Television: Current Affairs - Press Conference on Bosnia (press conference)
    This recorded question and answer session between Peter Maher, professor and former US counter-intelligence agent in Yugoslavia, Ronald Hatchett, professor and Director of the Center for International Studies in Houston Texas, and Richard Felman, retired US Air Force, along with a group of journalists, opens with Suzanne Jenkins introducing the guests. In their assessment of the situation in the former Yugoslavia, the speakers assert that the Serbs have been wrongly accused throughout the war of incitement from the beginning on. They provide examples, both modern and historical, of ways the Serbs have been misrepresented in Western media.
    Producer: Mountain View Community Television Channel 6; Copyright holder: KMVT United States/English language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  409. Nightline: Witness to a Massacre (report)
    A broadcast on the Bosnian Serbs' toppling of the UN Safe Haven Srebrenica in July, 1995, this report uses the small village of Lehovici as a window into the slaughter. This rare footage taken by a cameraman permitted inside the Srebrenica area during the cleansing campaign shows Muslim men scrambling through the woods on the "March of Death" to Tuzla. Mladic is seen driving through the streets after the siege and at the UN site of Potocari, where Dutch UN troops were stationed and men were seperated from women and children. Survivors tell of escaping death narrowly and of thousands of Muslim men still missing or presumed dead. Krstic is seen behind men in black who are taking down the Bosnian Muslim flag. Footage: Mladic saying "On to Potocari..."
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 8-Apr-1996, Beta SP, 21 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  410. Dispatches: Srebrenica - A Bosnian Betrayal. Parts 1-2 (documentary film)
    This is an in-depth investigation of events leading to the Srebrenica massacre. This Dispatch investigates "the massacre that should never have been, how the United Nations' high command failed the very people it had pledged to protect, and why the United Nations allowed one of its safe areas to be overrun." Dispatch presents the exclusive inside story of the fall of Srebrenica, the access to confidential UN documents, and the secret minutes of the key meetings. Dispatch asks: with two Bosnian Serb leaders indicted for war crimes, is it only they who should take the blame for Srebrenica's dreadful end. Also discussed is Serbia's arming of the Bosnian Serb army, particularly the involvement of Mom?ilo Kraje?nik's brother. Interviews with Srebrenica survivors Sidik Ademovic and Askim Haskic, as well as with Bosnian Army personnel, Major ©emsudin Muminovic, Midhat Salihovic, and Ramiz Becirevic, included. Interviews with Yasushi Akashi, former UN special envoy; General Phillipe Morillon, former UN commander in Bosnia; Momcilo Krajisnik, Speaker of the Bosnian Serb Parliament (Krajisnik discusses Serbia's illegal arms supplies to Bosnia); Hasan Muratovic, Bosnian Prime Minister; Madeleine Albright; General Cees Nicolai, General Smith's Chief of Staff; Fred Echcart, UN Spokesperson; Srebrenica Lt. Col. Harmen De Jonge, UN Military Aide to General Janvier; Osman Suljic, leader of Srebrenica town council; Captain Jelte Groen, Dutch Battalion - Srebrenica; and Jose-Maria Mendiluce, former special envoy for UNHCR, featured. UN Military Observer Report of 13th, 14th, and 16th July 1995 and other confidential UN documents shown and cited. Footage of the war crimes investigators examining mass graves, UN soldiers taken hostage by the Bosnian Serbs, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, among other, included.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language; 29-May-1996, Beta SP, 41 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  411. Various News Broadcasts Focusing on Zeljko Raznjatovic, also known as Arkan (interview)
    This is a compilation of excerpts from 17 different programs focusing on Zeljko Raznjatovic Arkan, produced by Serbian TV (studios in Belgrade and Sarajevo) and TV Novi Sad during 1993 and beginning of 1994. Arkan is shown at press conferences, in combat situations, and speaking at numerous election rallies throughout Serbia. A half-hour interview for an "S" Channel show, "My Guest His Truth" (Moj gost njegova istina), is also featured.
    Producer: Serbian TV (studios in Belgrade and Sarajevo) and TV Novi Sad Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 94 min
    BA539

  412. General Ratko Mladic - Part 1 Compilation of Various Interviews (interview)
    n/a
    Yugoslavia/Serbian language, Beta SP, 114 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  413. General Ratko Mladic - Part 1 Compilation of Various Interviews (interview)
    n/a
    Yugoslavia/Serbian language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  414. General Ratko Mladic - Part 1I Compilation of Various Interviews (interview)
    n/a
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 66 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", quality pop music

  415. Interview with Radovan Karadzic and Momcilo Krajisnik, Krajisnik meeting with Cetnik WW2 veterans (interview)
    Serbian Television interview with Republika Srpska leader Radovan Karadzic and President of Republika Srpska National Assembly Momcilo Krajisnik before the Geneva Conference on the Vance-Owen plan. Karadzic states proposed document "ignores the Serbian right to self-determination" and that the Croats have a legitimate right to Herceg-Bosna. He briefly discusses his relations with Herceg-Bosna and Boban; states he has "made most concessions on the humanitarian level". Krajisnik discusses a privatization proposal in Republika Srpska where property would go to participants of the war; comments on the Declaration of Reconciliation - i.e. reconciliation of Cetniks and Partisans. Serbian Television program on Krajisnik meeting with Cetnik WW2 veterans. Krajisnik stresses importance of Serbian national reconciliation and unity in fight for the "preservation of the Serbian nation and creation of the Serbian state". Those who "commited crimes against their own people" won't be given amnesty.
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 20 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  416. Interview with Velibor Ostojic (interview)
    n/a
    Producer: TV Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 6 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  417. Interview with Biljana Plavsic (interview)
    n/a
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 12 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  418. Compilation of Programs Focusing on Vojislav Seselj (interview)
    This is a compilation of excerpts from 22 programs focusing on Vojislav Seselj, produced by Serbian TV (studios in Belgrade, Pale, and Banja Luka) in 1993 and the beginning of 1994. Seselj, leader of the Serbian Radical Party and the paramilitary brigade "White Eagles," comments on the Republika Srpska's relationship with the international community, the Vance/Owen plan, the importance of the Semberija-Bosanska Krajina corridor, and the murder of a Bosnian deputy Prime Minister among other issues. Seselj is shown visiting front lines near Zvornik, swearing in new Cetnik "dukes" at Romanija, speaking to the Serbs about possible NATO intervention at Sokolac, meeting with Radovan Karadzic in Pale, at a rally in Loznica, and meeting with Russian ultranationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbian language, Beta SP, 110 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  419. Compilation of Programs Focusing on Vojislav Seselj (interview)
    This is a compilation of excerpts from 22 programs focusing on Vojislav Seselj, produced by Serbian TV (studios in Belgrade, Pale, and Banja Luka) in 1993 and the beginning of 1994. Seselj, leader of the Serbian Radical Party and the paramilitary brigade "White Eagles," comments on the Republika Srpska's relationship with the international community, the Vance/Owen plan, the importance of the Semberija-Bosanska Krajina corridor, and the murder of a Bosnian deputy Prime Minister among other issues. Seselj is shown visiting front lines near Zvornik, swearing in new Cetnik "dukes" at Romanija, speaking to the Serbs about possible NATO intervention at Sokolac, meeting with Radovan Karadzic in Pale, at a rally in Loznica, and meeting with Russian ultranationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbian language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  420. Interview with Jovan Tintor-Joja/Moj Gost-Njegova Istina: Jovan Tintor-Joja (interview)
    n/a
    Producer: RTRS (Bosnian Serb TV) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 55 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  421. Various programs on Radovan Karadzic (interview)
    Karadzic discusses freedom of movement of Bosnian Government officials, such as Silajdzic, results of the London talks, the agreement with Bosnian Croats to release POWs and ceasefire. In an interview with Sky News, Karadzic denies that the Serbs have snipers around Sarajevo.
    Producer: Bosnian Serb TV, SKY NEWS Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 115 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  422. Various programs on Radovan Karadzic (television program)
    Karadzic discusses freedom of movement of Bosnian Government officials, such as Silajdzic, results of the London talks, the agreement with Bosnian Croats to release POWs and ceasefire. In an interview with Sky News, Karadzic denies that the Serbs have snipers around Sarajevo.
    Producer: Bosnian Serb TV, SKY NEWS Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 115 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  423. Celebrating Vidovdan (Serbian Holiday) on Romanija (raw footage)
    Seselj and Karadzic on Romanija.
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 15 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  424. State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Ahatovici/ Testimonies (interview)
    This program includes images from the Omarska prison camp (ITN), Manjaca camp (SKY). Testimonies by survivors of the Ahatovici massacre included. Emir Mujkic, Osman Novalija, and the man whose name is not revealed describe the details of the massacre and how they survived.
    Producer: State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 30 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  425. Zvornik (documentary film)
    Has burned in TC. Taken off of VHS Original
    Producer: State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 17 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  426. Ethnic Cleansing in Sarajevo (documentary film)
    n/a
    Producer: Bosnian TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 41 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  427. Confrontation Celikovic-Berbic Jasminka (raw footage)
    n/a
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 28 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  428. Intellectuals Who Support Republic Srpska (interview)
    n/a
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 59 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  429. Fatima from Vlasenica (Part One) (interview)
    n/a
    Producer: Bosnian TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 34 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  430. Fatima from Vlasenica (Part Two) (interview)
    n/a
    Producer: Bosnian TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 36 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  431. Fatima from Vlasenica (Part Three) (interview)
    n/a
    Producer: Bosnian TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 14 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  432. Football Match (January 6, 1993) (raw footage)
    n/a
    Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 15 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  433. The Works: Judging Vermeer (documentary film)
    n/a
    Director: Chris Granlund; Producer: BBC Television United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP, 30 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  434. [Speech of Todorovic] Republika Srpska] (television program)
    Todorovic is an American, with the background in Republika Srspska (Bosnian Serb part of Bosnia and Herzegovina). He went back to the Republika Srpska, where his family is from. He wears fatigues. This speech is addressed to the President Clinton. His message to the President is not to send the troops against the Serbs in the Republika Srpska.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/English language, Beta SP, 5 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative
    Report about Raped Bosnian Serb Women (television program)
    Six Bosnian Serb women, all victims of rape, describe their experiences in brief statements. The women are from Bosanski Brod, Novi Grad near Odzak, Vrbovacki Lipik near Odzak, Derventa, and Borci near Boracko Jezero. According to the report, women of all ages were assaulted, mostly by their former neighbors. Some of the women interviewed reveal names of the men who assaulted them, citing the perpetrators as being ethnically Croatian, or they simply refer to them as the "Ustasa." The subtitles in English incorrectly refer to the rapists as "Muslim neighbors."
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 3 min
    BA046; COPY OF OSA # 33
    Mass Funeral of a Bosnian Serb Family (newsreels)
    This short clip features footage from the funeral of thirteen members of Branko Visnjic's family, murdered in Josanica, near Foca (Eastern Bosnia). A shorter portrait of Asim Hajdarevic, a Muslim, is also featured. Hajkarevic is referred to by the reporter as "the murderer of the Serbs."
    Producer: Serbian Radio-Television, Channel One Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 2 min
    BA556 • Military/Para-Military • Refugee/Ex-Pow ID
    The Status of the Albanian Ethnic Minority in Serbia (television program)
    Program presented by Dr. Budimir Kosutic.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 16 min
    BA557
    Kosovo and the Ethnic Awareness of the Serbian Nation (television program)
    Presented by Dr. Milos Blagojevic
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP
    BA558

  435. BBC Witness: Trying Tadic (documentary film)
    This program explores how Dusko Tadic's (Bosnian Serb from Kozarac) past led him to become the first suspect to be tried for war crimes after Nuremberg trials. Prosecutors and defense team in the case talk about the trial and Chief Prosecutor Richard Goldstone and Presiding Judge Gabrielle McDonald discuss the purpose and role of the Tribunal for Yugoslavia. Statements by Tadic's family, former neighbors, Andre Kaiser (photographer) are accompanied with images from the prewar Kozarac, Tadic's family and former friends, prison camps in Bosnia, and destruction of Kozarac.
    Producer: BBC United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP, 56 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  436. A Wound to the Soul: Segment 7. A Survivor's Nightmare (documentary film)
    Work in progress by Cynthia Lee. Documentary about a young woman from Tuzla, survivor of the Tuzla massacre in which most of her friends were killed.
    Director: Cynthia Lee; Copyright holder: 1996 Cloverleaf Productions United States/English language, Beta SP, 7 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  437. ABC News Clip; A Wound to the Soul: Segment Land Mines (documentary film)
    ABC News report about Elvis' departure of Bosnia and arrival to the US to undergo the surgery that will enable him to walk again. After that, ďndependent filmmaker Cythia Lee's work in progress about landmines and the effect they have on children in Bosnia.
    Producer: ABC News; Cloverleaf Productions United States/English language; 7-Jul-1996, Beta SP, 12 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  438. Zuhra Muhic: A Mother's Story (interview)
    Elvis' mother, Zuhra Muhic, tells how her two sons were the victims of the mine explosion. Elvis was badly injured and Edis, at the time 11, died.
    Producer: Bosnian TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 30 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, music

  439. Calling the Ghosts/Prozivanje duhova (documentary film)
    This film, shown at the Human Rights Watch Film Festival in 1996, follows Jadranka Cigelj and Nusreta Sivac. The women are childhood friends and successful attorneys from Prijedor. They speak about their lives before the war. The women describe how their lives and living circumstances change. They describe in detail how they enter the Omarska camp, their imprisonment, and subsequent abuse and rape. Each describes the emotions and sensations they experience as a result of the torture and cruelty that they are exposed to, illustrating how their internment changed their lives. The documentary also follows their lives after Omarska. As both became active in helping war victims and collecting their stories, they talk about the need for the world to start listening to cries of people living in a war situation. Footage includes images of prewar Yugoslavia, war-time Prijedor, various refugees, murdered civilians, the Omarska camp, Serbian soldiers, and the International War Crimes Tribunal at the Hague. Statements are given by officials of the War Crimes Tribunal, journalists, and the families and friends of the two women.
    Director: Mandy Jacobson and Karmen Jelencic; Producer: Bowery Productions in association with Julia Ormond and Twende Productions United States/Bosnian language; 1996, Beta SP, 62 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  440. Nightline: Portrait of a War Criminal (documentary film)
    This program is about Drazen Erdemovic (Bosnian Croat), a former soldier in the Bosnian Serb army who turned himself into the war Crimes Tribunal in the Hague and has pleaded guilty to crimes against humanity perpetrated in Srebrenica. A report by Sheila MacVicar investigating Erdemovic's past is included. Erdemovic was a smuggler, who later joined the Bosnian Serb Army. Statements by Erdemovic's friend, former girlfriend, wife, and women refugees from Srebrenica give a perspective on Erdemovic's life and provide insights on his motives. Footage from Srebrenica in July 1995 and War Crimes Tribunal is included.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 4-Aug-1996, Beta SP, 30 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  441. Heute Journal: Interview with Radovan Karadzic (interview)
    Christian Dezer explores how Radovan Karadzic handles increasing international pressure. Karadzic explains his plans for a new Sarajevo, a "Serbian Sarajevo," that would be erected in the middle of Pale. Karadzic admits he will remain involved in political affairs because of the overwhelming support of his people and political party. Karadzic deems the International War Crimes Tribunal as illegal and discriminatory against the Serbs. According to Karadzic, the entire "Serb" population would react and thousands of soldiers would rise up against NATO if it were to arrest him or Mladic, a terrorist act in his estimation. Karadzic also justifies firing of premier Kasagic.
    Producer: ZDF Germany/German language; 17-May-1996, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", provocative

  442. Nightline: All That Remains (report)
    This report by Dave Marash focuses on the efforts of the Boston-based Physicians for Human Rights to excavate and investigate a mass grave found in Serb-controlled village of Lazeta, near Srebrenica. The mass grave is a likely repository for the corpses of murdered men and boys captured by the Bosnian Serb Army after the fall of Srebrenica. Forensic Investigator Bill Haglund heads the Physicians group of international volunteers in an excavation project. Haglund describes the motivation behind his commitment to this type of work in Bosnia and elsewhere. He also outlines the main goals of the Physicians' mission: to collect evidence and facilitate prosecution of war crimes, to identify bodies, to create and preserve historical evidence and thus prevent the occurrence of similar crimes in future, and to ensure that the victims won't have died in vain. One of the survivors featured in the program, Mevludin Oric, links the Bosnian Serb Commanding General Ratko Mladic to the Srebrenica massacre. Oric claims that Mladic was seen in the Lazeta school and its gymnasium before the massacre in Lazeta. Additional statements by two forensic investigators, David Del Pino and Jose Pablo Baraybar highlight the nature of the Physicians' work. The collected evidence is analyzed with modern technology in a laboratory set in the bombed-out clothing factory in the former frontline village of Kalesija. Morgue crew consisting of Dr. Robert Kirchner, Physicians For Human Rigths International Director of Forensic Projects, his assistant Fiona Rainforth, and Mike Warren, graduate assistant at the University of Florida, highlight the details of their work in the morgue. Kirchner explains how forensic experts piece all available evidence together and draw conclusions about the likely cause of death of the people whose bodies are found in mass graves. Kirchner points that in Lazeta the exhumed evidence indicated that the victims were systematically exterminated. Pressured by the need of victims' families and relatives, the investigators expanded the scope of their mission hoping to facilitate the identification of the remains. The details of this effort presented through interviews with Laurie Vollen of the Physicians for Human Rigths, Munira Hadzic, organizer of protest demonstrations of Srebrenica women and director of programs for refugee women (one such project , the weaving project, is featured in the tape), and Suada Omerovic, a Bosnian Muslim who lost her family in Srebrenica. Footage included: Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac's footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, Ratko Mladic in the Srebrenica or Zepa area (?) greeting Bosnian Serb soldiers, forensic investigators in the field trying to uncover the mass grave in Lazeta, John Shatuck (sp) in press conference during his visit to Srebrenica and the neighboring areas, forensic investigators' computer database that contains the findings and information concerning the victims, women of Srebrenica holding a placard that reads: "Where are our sons, fathers, and brothers?," Srebrenica women weaving, Srebrenica women refugees with small children, forensic experts working on special machines such as the fluoroscope (sp).
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 21-Sep-1996, Beta SP, 23 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  443. The Selina Scott Show: Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia (report)
    This report talks about Prince Alexander - throne follower of Serbia's Karadjordjevic monarchy. He talks about the history of the monarchy, the Karadjordjevic and Obranovic rivalry, the civial war that happened during WWII. Prince Alexander also gives a biographical account on his growing up in England, and his schooling throughout the world. Prince Alexander talks about the situation in the former Yugoslavia, stating there needs to be more democracy and free media. He explains the media is used to spread nationalist propaganda. He is further worried about the ghosts of the nationalist past which were called up in all parts of Yugoslavia. He states there needs to be reconcilliation among all nationalities. He also talks about his goal for ensuring democracy and ways he would like to improve the life of his people if he was to back and serve as king of Yugoslavia.
    Producer: ITN United Kingdom/English language; 8-Jan-1996, Beta SP, 26 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  444. Serbian National Guard (report)
    Serb officer talks about how the Serbs organized and prepared themselves for the war. Serbian Fond of Solidarity in Semberija, Bosnia. Illegally mobilizing people for military; 3?4 months later, paramilitary brigade was organized. As the war was about to begin, the leaders of the brigade had to undergo training. Formed a training camp near the Drina river. Training footage. Planning for the defense of Semberija. Serbian National Guard officially formed on May 2,1992. Footage includes tank movement, fighting, soldiers running in action, Serbian flag, tanks. Some taken from the Bosnian Television, some Bosnian Serb Television.
    Producer: SRNA, Pale Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 56 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  445. News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive (news)
    Features "Operation Lightning" i.e. the Krajina offensive. Press conference with Croatian Minister of Defense, Gen. Ivan Tolj. Broadcast of Franjo Tudjman's message to the "Croatian citizens of Serb nationality living in the occupied territories of Knin, Gracac, Lapac, Korenica, Slunj, Glina, Dvor, and Petrinja" to turn in their weapons, guaranteeing them amnesty and civil rights. Reports of foreign media comments: SKY, BBC, Reuters, and CNN. Reports of damage of shelling by Bosnian and Krajina Serbs on Croatian cities close to "Krajina": Sisak, Karlovac, ©ibenik, Dubrovnik. Report from Ogulin on Polish UN soldiers wounded during the offensive. Street interviews in cities around Croatia. Letters and telegramms of support to President Franjo Tudjman. Report from Croatian government session regarding the offensive. Statements by various Croatian government officials. Press conference with Special Envoy to the Secretary General of the UN, Yasushi Akashi and President of the Croatian Government, Hrvoje ©arinic. Report from Knin. Reports from various lines of offense and Croatian military positions. Letter to President Tudjman from Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic. Interview with Serb prisoners of war. Statement by Cardinal Franjo Kuharic, Archbishop of Zagreb, urging forgiveness and peace. Croatian correspondents reporting from the UN and from the Vatican. Footage includes: archival footage from 1991 and the beginning of the Serb rebellion in Krajina, people celebrating the fall of Knin in the cities around Croatia, the Croatian flag on the Knin fortress, Croatian soldiers entering Knin, Benkovac, and Drnis.
    Producer: Croatian Television Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 93 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  446. News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive (news)
    n/a
    Producer: Croatian Television Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  447. News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive (news)
    n/a
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  448. News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive (news)
    n/a
    Producer: Croatian Television Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, good quality pop music

  449. News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive (news)
    n/a
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  450. News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive (news)
    n/a
    Producer: Croatian Television Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, good quality pop music

  451. News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive (news)
    n/a
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  452. Five Years of Croatian Independence: Celebration of the Day of Statehood 1995 (political program)
    Croatian Television program about five years of Croatian independence. The Croatian Parliament thanks President Tudjman for the "decisive actions in creating a sovereign Croatian and an exceptional contribution to its international good renown and reputation." Tudjman awards medals and advancements to Army officers, officials in the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of the Interior, the Office for National Security, and the Office of the President. Inauguration of the first Croatian Officer's Ball. President Tudjman opens new building of the National and University Library in Zagreb. Cardinal Franjo Kuharic, the Archbishop of Zagreb, officiates Mass for the Homeland in the Zagreb Cathedral. President Tudjman lights a candle. The first Croatian Armed Forces Parade at lake Jarun near Zagreb. Footage of President Tudjman in ceremonial uniform, inspecting formations of the Croatian Army, Navy, and Air-force. Footage of various Croatian Armed Forces weaponry, airplanes, helicopters, as well as a submarine.
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language; 30-May-1995, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  453. Five Years of Croatian Independence: Celebration of the Day of Statehood 1995 (political program)
    Croatian Television program about five years of Croatian independence. The Croatian Parliament thanks President Tudjman for the "decisive actions in creating a sovereign Croatian and an exceptional contribution to its international good renown and reputation." Tudjman awards medals and advancements to Army officers, officials in the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of the Interior, the Office for National Security, and the Office of the President. Inauguration of the first Croatian Officer's Ball. President Tudjman opens new building of the National and University Library in Zagreb. Cardinal Franjo Kuharic, the Archbishop of Zagreb, officiates Mass for the Homeland in the Zagreb Cathedral. President Tudjman lights a candle. The first Croatian Armed Forces Parade at lake Jarun near Zagreb. Footage of President Tudjman in ceremonial uniform, inspecting formations of the Croatian Army, Navy, and Air-force. Footage of various Croatian Armed Forces weaponry, airplanes, helicopters, as well as a submarine.
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  454. 60 minutes: About Dusko Tadic (documentary film)
    This documentary depicts Dusko Tadic's hometown of Kozarac by using home videos that show the level of ethnic harmony which existed before the war. Interviewed are Tadic's former Bosnian Muslim frie Bosnian Muslims in pre-war Kozarac. Hamdija Demrovic, Omarska camp snds who paint the picture of the interconnectedness of Bosnian Serbs andurvivor, explains that the Bosnian Muslims in Kozarac did not expect to be killed by their Bosnian Serb neighbors. He also compares Omarska camp to Auschwitz. Eden Kararic, Omarska camp survivor, explains the difficulty to understand the ethnic hatred that ensued the war. He notes that the story in the Omarska camp was that Tadic forced Jasmin Haranic, Emir Karabasic, and Neno Alic (sp) to mutilate each others genitals. Dzemal Paratusic, Omarska camp survivor, describes how Dusko Tadic called out Emir Karabasic by name, and how he later found out that Emir was still alive when his body was loaded onto a truck that took dead to an unidentified dump. Mira Tadic, Dusko Tadic's wife explains that her husband is only a small fish. She notes that people who would testify on behalf of Tadic are afraid to do so out of fear of being arrested in the Hague. Interviewed are also several of Tadic's family members. Tadic's two brothers Ljubomir and Mladen claim that Misa Danicic admitted publicly to having perpetrated the crimes Tadic is accused of, but that Danicic also enjoys protection by the local authorities. Other statements are made by Michael Wladimiroff, Tadic's defense lawyer. Home video footage includes: the building of Tadic's house, funeral of Tadic's father Ostoja, a pre-war cafe in Kozarac (Tadic's cafe?), Tadic sitting with Emir Karabasic (who was later killed in Omarska) at a celebration. Other footage: Tadic in trial, soldiers shooting and throwing grenades, a woman carrying two children, destroyed buildings in Kozarac, massacred bodies, Manjaca camp, Omarska camp, outside of the camp, photograph of Misa Danicic, and ICTV footage of Omarska camp survivors testimonies.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 29-Sep-1996, Beta SP, 12 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, music

  455. My Guest His Truth with Risto Djogo, featuring Arkan/Moj Gost Njegova Istina: Zeljko Raznjatovic Arkan o ucescu u agresiji (interview)
    Risto Djogo interviews Arkan, who describes in detail how the war in Croatia began, how he was arrested and imprisoned by Croatian authorities; he also discusses his efforts to organize the Serbian Volunteer Guard and their activities.
    Producer: Bosnian Serb TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 23-Aug-1994, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", provocative, music

  456. The Young View (English version) (documentary film)
    n/a
    Serbia and Montenegro/English language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens",

  457. The Young View (Albanian version) (documentary film)
    n/a
    Serbia and Montenegro/English language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  458. Exchange of Prisoners (Karlovac, Lipovac, Dragalic, Memetin) (raw footage)
    n/a
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 86 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens"

  459. BiH TV News: Indictment of Dragan Nikolic, Interview with Richard Goldstone (news)
    n/a
    Producer: BiH TV Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 23 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  460. An ABC News clip followed by A Miracle in Danville (documentary film)
    n/a
    Director: Cynthia Lee; Producer: Cloverleaf Productions United States/English language, Beta SP, 25 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens"

  461. Prime Time Justice: Reports about the Tadic Trial (documentary film)
    Includes excerpts from trials, from a BBC documentary, Death of a Nation; witness James Gow, Professor of Slavic Sfudies at the University of London, UK, testified.
    Producer: Court TV United States/English language, Beta SP, 74 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  462. Impact: Report About Arkan (report)
    This short documentary focuses on Zeljko Raznjatovic, otherwise known as Arkan, and his Serbian paramiltary group, the Serbian Volunteer Guard, also referred to as the Tigers. Arkan's life is chronicled, showing a criminal record that began during his youth and spans his entire career. The report details how he was hired at an early age by the Yugoslav Intererior Ministry's State Intelligence after being arrested repeatedly. The many crimes Arkan committed in Western European countries while working as an intelligence officer and hitman are recounted, explaining why he is wanted by Interpol for crimes throughout the continent, even mentioning an escape from prison. Arkan's transition to paramilitary commander is also covered, focusing on the formation of his Serbian Volunteer Guard. Training footage of the Tigers is combined with photographs of murdered, unarmed civilians in the Bosnian town of Bijeljina. The relationship of support between Arkan and Slobodan Milosevic's central Belgrade government is also discussed, focusing in particular, on the role the Tigers played during initial outbreaks of the wars in Croatia and Bosnia. The uneasy relationship between Arkan's special forces and Serbian Yugoslav Army (YA) generals is also highlighted. Atrocities committed by Arkan's Tigers are cited, including civilian witness testimony. Witness testimonies from Bijeljina are used to contrast the new image Arkan has pursued through a current seat in Parliament and as public hero. Richard Holbrooke, US Peace Envoy to the Balkans, Cherif Bassiouni, UN Commission of Experts, Milos Vasic, Belgrade Journalist, and others comment on Arkan's impunity. The program concludes by posing the question of why Arkan has yet to be indicted by the UN War Crimes Tribunal in the Hague.
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 1-Jun-1997, Beta SP, 24 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  463. Compilation of Various Programs Focusing on Radovan Karadzic (documentary film)
    Radovan Karadzic's speech in Parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina (October 14, 1991), in which he issued a threat to Muslims of Bosnia and said that Bosnia does not have the right to secede from Yugoslavia. CNN report from the Kula prison (outside of Sarajevo) on the day of Paddy Ashdown's (British) visit also included. Radovan Karadzic also visited the Kula prison on the same day and issued a statement to CNN's reporter. Footage of Karadzic on the front lines above Sarajevo included, which shows Karadzic shaking hands with soldiers and saying that the Serbs can take Sarajevo any time they want. Two other brief statements by Karadzic included.
    Producer: TV BiH, CNN Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 20 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  464. True Stories: The Unforgiving (documentary film)
    This program features parents searching for their dead children, refugee camps, tales of rape and general maltreatment. The stories told are divided into four segments. Part one focuses on the story of Desa and Ilja, a middle-aged couple in search of their young son who was murdered. Part two focuses on a refugee camp in Zagreb where 600,000 Muslims and Croats have fled, interviewing them about what they endured. Muslim and Croat women tell of beatings, rape, and torture by Serbian soldiers in Bosnia. Part three features historical foootage and more graphic accounts of atrocities. In Part four troops return from battle. Graphic footage is shown throughout the film.
    Producer: Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language; 1993, Beta SP, 81 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  465. World News Tonight with Peter Jennings: November 29, 1996 (news)
    November 29, 1996: The first war criminal has been sent to prison. The Tribunal has sentenced Drazen Erdemovic, a Bosnian Croat, to 10 years in prison for crimes against humanity. In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, more than 100.000 people gathered in the largest protest since the fall of communism. Sheila MacVicar reports on the twelfth day of citizen protests demanding the resignation of President Slobodan Milosevic. Milosevic used the courts he controls to annul the local elections won by opposition parties. Statements are made by two protesters. Footage includes: people throwing eggs at the state controlled media building, and Milosevic and his wife casting their votes.
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 29-Nov-1996, Beta SP, 2 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, quality pop music

  466. Opposition Demonstrations in Belgrade (news)
    Kate Adie is reporting on opposition demonstrations in Belgrade. Serbian authorities blocked the signal of the independent radio B-92, while the state-run media is ignoring the two week long protest. Away from the big cities, people ignore and are indifferent toward Milosevic's manipulation of recent elections. Interview with Stankovic family reveals that they don't care about demonstrations and arguments for democratic change. Pictures from the streets of Belgrade, showing demonstrators throwing eggs at buildings are included. A statement by Vuk Draskovic, opposition leader, is included.
    Producer: BBC World United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP, 2 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,
    Protests in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (news)
    Brent Sadler reports on the phone from Belgrade about continuing protests organized by Serbian opposition. Sadler says that a small number of opposition activists are arrested. The state-run TV, which broadcasted images of people throwing stones on buildings, called the act "the work of a pro-fascist conspiracy" and compared it to "Hitler's rise to power." People outside Belgrade are poorly informed about protests, because of virtual news blackout. Student protesters handed out flowers to riot police stationed in front of the US Embassy. Footage shows students protesting during heavy snow fall. Reuters footage is included in this report.
    Producer: CNN International: United States/English language, Beta SP, 2 min
    BA589
    Demonstrations in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (news)
    Three brief reports comment on the latest developments in opposition demonstrations in Belgrade. The new Parliament will not meet as scheduled, although demonstrations have been going on for two weeks. Serbian regime is largely ignoring the protests, while the number of demonstrators is growing. Brief statements by demonstrators are included. Paul Wood reports about the opposition's intent to continue demonstrating and the attitude of Serbian authorities towards demonstrations. Second report has Nicholas Burns, State Department spokesman, at a press conference warning Milosevic against use of power against the demonstrators. He also states that the demonstrations are indeed peaceful. Third report interviews Vuk Draskovic (opposition leader) on opposition's commitment to non-violence, are included. AP footage is included.
    Producer: BBC World United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP, 6 min
    BA590
    Serbia, Challenge from the Streets (news)
    Gaby Rado and Brent Sadler report from Belgrade. The first report discusses the possibility of police crackdown on demonstrators and the position of the Serbian government and media. Statements by Vuk Draskovic, leader of the Serbian Renewal Movement: "Milosevic started the war [in Bosnia] in order to keep his communist dictatorship alive in Yugoslavia, and is now ready to start another civil war for the sake of staying in power." The report gives a brief account of the coalition formed by Serbian opposition parties. Miodrag Perisic, leader of Democratic Party, states that young and old generations are joining in against Milosevic. the report shows Dragan Tomic, Speaker of the Serbian Parliament, giving the first reaction from the Serbian Socialist Party calling the demonstrators "fascists." The second report discusses the possible crackdown as police buses are arriving into the center of Belgrade. Sadler says the Serbian government declared the protests illegal. Vuk Draskovic, leader of the Serbian Renewal Movement, exclaims that his hopes are that policemen will not be sent out to hurt unarmed civilians. Demonstrations in Kragujevac are mentioned with Radoje Prica, Serbian Opposition Candidate, calling upon the West to help the opposition's democratic movement. A unidentified union leader states that people fear retaliation from the factory bosses and city officials if they decide to go out to the streets. Footage includes people demonstrating amidst heavy snow fall, Milosevic and his wife casting their votes, and buss loads of policemen being hauled into the center of Belgrade.
    Producer: CNN International United States/English language, Beta SP, 8 min
    BA591

  467. Reports about Demonstrations in Belgrade (report)
    BBC World: Brian Hanrahan reports from the OSCE Summit in Lisbon on progress of demonstrations against the cancellation of local election results in Serbia and increasing international pressure on Milosevic. The international community has warned Milosevic not to use force on the people's attempts to bring about democracy. The US threatens to renew economic sanctions if it does. A statement is made by Carl Bildt, European Mediator for Yugoslavia. Footage includes: EC Summit in Lisbon, students throwing rocks at a government building, and police men lined up at the side of a street. BBC World: The Serbian government ordered the closure of the only two independent stations, accusing them of operating illegally. Five judges of the Supreme Court (which ruled the elections as fraudulent) have accused their colleagues of election fraud. Paul Wood reports live from Belgrade about closure of Serbia's only two independent radio stations by Serbian authorities and the consequences of such act.
    Producer: BBC World United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP, 4 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, music
    Reports from Serbia and Montenegro (report)
    CNN: Brent Sandler reports on the progress of student protests in Belgrade. Serbian government ordered the closing of independent radio B-92, stating it was operating illegally. The interior ministry mobilized more police officers, as the protesters continue to ignore government warnings. Even though the protesters remain defiant, the political opposition is struggling to transform the protests into a more credible movement. Statements are made by Director of B-92, Sasa Mirkovic; Opposition leader Miodrag Perisic, and Milan St. Protic, Center for Serbian Studies representative.
    CNN: Brent Sandler reports that the Yugoslav Federal Supreme Court rejected and appeal to reinstate opposition victories from the last municipal elections. The Belgrade electoral commission confirmed the case regarding elections was closed, and Federal Parliament opened a new session, dominated by parties loyal to Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. Even though the protests are gaining in strength, the Opposition is aware that Milosevic can only be influenced through international pressure. Statements are made by: Opposition Leaders Zoran Djindjic, US Secretary of State Warren Christopher. Report is cut off.
    CNN: This report is related to demonstration in Burma.
    CNN: This broadcast contains an interview with Kati Marton from the Committee to Protect Journalists. She discusses her meeting with Milosevic, where she discussed freedom of the press in Yugoslavia.
    CNN: Bruce Kennedy reports on a letter written to US Secretary of State, Warren Christopher, by Slobodan Milosevic. In the letter Milosevic stated that charges of voter fraud have created a distorted picture internationally. Footage included: Milosevic casting his vote, and protesters in the streets of Belgrade. Report is cut off.
    CNN: Report is missing first part. Western diplomats proposed that should Milosevic allow an international commission into Serbia, they would propose to serve as observers if elections are to be rerun. A statement is made by Vuk Draskovic. Footage includes protesters in the streets of Belgrade.
    CNN: Olivera Djukanovic of TV Montenegro reports on how Montenegro promotes tourism by using Claudia Schiffer as a spokesperson for the republic.
    CNN: Protesters demonstrated for the fourth day against Milosevic's annulment of local elections in Serbia, where the opposition won 15, out of the 18, largest towns. This is first time in 50 years that a pro-democracy opposition won elections in Serbia. Footage includes protesters.
    CNN: This broadcast reports on continuing protests. The offices of a party in Milosevic's coalition were bombed, after it issued a statements supporting the Opposition.
    CNN: The Opposition continues in their attempts to get Milosevic to accept local election results. Report is cut off.
    CNN: This report is cut off.
    Producer: CNN International United States/English language, Beta SP, 18 min
    BA593

  468. Crown Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia CNN Interview with Ralph Begleiter, Global View, December 1996 (interview)
    Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic talks about the monarchy in the former Yugoslavia, his family, and his perspective on current demonstrations in Serbia and his role in the future of Serbia.
    Producer: CNN International United States/English language; 13-Dec-1996, VHS, 21 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  469. The War Criminals -On the trails of Dule Tadic and other war criminals/Die Kriegsverbraecher - Auf den Spuren von Dule Tadic und anderen Taetern (documentary film)
    Program about Bosnian war criminals living in Gemany as refugees, alongside other Bosnians whom they victimized during the Bosnian conflict. The program also focuses on how justice can be achieved and implemented through the International War Crimes Tribunal in the Hague, the first such court since the end of WWII. Many countries, including Germany, have to decide how to arrest war criminals and what constitutes evidence against them. Much of the report profiles Dusko Tadic, Bosnian Serb indicted for crimes in Omarska prison camp. Interviews with: Husein Bezic, Bosnian Muslim refugee and former neighbor of Tadic (talks about war criminals residing in Munich, Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Braunschweig, Hannover, Hamburg, and Berlin); Fatima, who was imprisoned in a camp for women (identifies her Serbian neighbor, whom she encountered in Germany, as the rapist and murderer of a little girl); anonymous Hamburg lawyer; UN investigator of war crimes; Imin, Bosnian Muslim who witnessed Tadic's crimes (recounts the 17 June 1992 torture incident when Tadic ordered him to castrate his fellow inmate, and other incidents of beatings and torture); Alija Kadenovic, former friend of Tadic and psychology professor (talks about Tadic's character and his involvement in the Serbian Democratic Party-SDS); Nusret, Muslim policeman (indicates that Tadic helped Serbian soldiers to round up Muslims); Zeljko Mejakic, Omarska camp commander and acquaintance of Tadic; Cherif Bassiouni, UN Commission on War Crimes (discusses Germany's willingness to assist the arrests of war criminals residing in Germany). Footage included: Dusko Tadic's arrest in Munich, Germany; Omarska camp and the garage where the June 17, 1992 incident occurred; Serb camp guards, Tadic in Kozarac; Manjaca camp; destruction in Kozarac; photos of young Tadic with Muslim friends (including Emir Karabasic, a Muslim friend later murdered in Omarska); Omarska camp after closing; and the Hague tribunal.
    Producer: ARD News Germany/German language, Beta SP, 30 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,

  470. The Time of Settlement/Zeit der Abrechnung (documentary film)
    This broadcast focuses on Jasenovac and the atrocities committed there during World War Two and recent Serb emigration due to Croatian independence. Interview with the director of the Jasenovac museum as well as citizens of the town, young and old. The number of deaths discussed, with Tudjman's and other historians' figures being questioned by the musuem's director. Croatian National Guard also featured as well as civilians interviewed about the Ustasa.
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 3-Sep-1991, Beta SP, 12 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,
    The Army, a Power Factor/Machtfaktor Armee (documentary film)
    This broadcast gives a detailed analysis of the JNA, its history, weaponry, and the role it played in the break-up of the former Yugoslavia. Most of the report's images come from archival military and documentary films featuring JNA weaponry and arms factories, mixed in with more recent combat footage from Croatia and Slovenia. The report begins by stating that despite that the JNA has always been the pride and joy of Yugoslavia's multi-ethnic federation, it turned on it's own people when Yugoslavia began to break up. As HTV footage of destruction in Croatia and Slovenia shows, the predominantly-Serbian generals are described as having their own agenda, irrespective of what Stipe Mesic, rotating chair of the Yugoslav Federal Council, or any other politicians had to say. The report's narrator then poses questions regarding the intentions of the JNA and its agenda while showing archival footage of JNA weaponry and modern footage of tanks driving through civilian areas. The report states that some 100,000 people are employed by Yugoslavia's defense industry, concentrated in Serbia. Tito is said to have asserted his role in the non-alligned bloc by selling his state's weapons to other member nations in the third world. The report states that the terrain of Croatia and Slovenia is ideal for the 700 JNA tanks stationed there (of an overall 2,200). The reports continues describing the JNA arsenal while showing archival footage cataloging the many types of JNA weapons. Footage of damaged houses and other civilian destruction caused by JNA artillery divisions in Petrinje, Croatia is shown. The report states that the JNA maintained an overall 60 multiple rocket launchers at that time. The JNA's larger missile arsenals are detailed as well, including the R 60, described as having a target range of 60 to 70 kilometers, and the R 300, shown mounted on militarty trucks with launching devices and described as an improved version of the Soviet SCUD missile. The report then shows archival clips of a promotional film from the JNA's Air Force while detailing the different jets such as the Yugoslavian-made Galeb and Eagle, and the Russian-made MIG 21. The report states that the JNA maintains approximately 150 MIGs, yet only half are ready for combat, and even fewer of that total could be manned because of the Slovenian and Croatian officers that deserted in opposition to bombing their own people. Some 150 to 200 armed helicopters are also shown and described as ready for placement by the JNA, but pilots for these aircraft are in dwindling numbers as well. The bombs and rockets of the aircrafts are featured, combined with scenes of destruction showing the aftermath of attacks using such weapons. Russian Defense Minister Yasov's relationship with Serbian JNA generals Kadijevic and Adzic is then focused on, showing how Russia supplied military support for Serbia's aggression. The report shows the link between the military and nationalist ideologues in the former Yugoslavia, briefly mentioning the renowned memorandum from the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences. Territorial ambitions of a "Greater Serbia" are outlined amid footage of Vojislav Seselj and Slobodan Milosevic speaking at nationalist rallies. The report states that the reorganization of the JNA in 1985 shifted further authority to Belgrade, allowing for greater complicity with the agenda of a "Greater Serbia" by making light to middle-weight weaponry readily available to Serbian civilians and bands of Cetniks in border regions, including footage of specific types of arms and Cetnik paraphernalia. The effect of the JNA's reduction in overall numbers from 1.1 million down to 230,000 is also analyzed, mainly due to the loss of its multiethnic reserves. This, according to the report, fits perfectly within the goals of a "Greater Serbia" because it creates an ethnically-pure Serbian army out of the JNA, with poorly-paid reservists available for placement to key areas such as Sandzak, Vojvodina, and Kosovo, often against the wishes of their own wives. Many non-Serbian soldiers are said to have deserted. The report states that due to losses in Slovenia, a new plan was developed under the title " BDM 2." The plan called for rolling over Croatia and recapturing Slovenia. A plan, consequently, that was never carried out due to only 2 tank brigades remaining in Slovenia at the time of the broadcast, and, according to military experts, a general lack of tactical positioning and absence of the "Partisan Brigades" and other special forces. The report cites the JNA as always having been a symbol of pride for the Partisans' defeat of the Third Reich, but that the Croatian National Guard has come to better represent the needs of its own people. Footage from the short film "Brothers in Arms" is featured, showing scenes of the Croatian National Guard in combat. The short film was shot by Gordan Lederer, a journalist who was killed by a JNA tank on the front. The report states that the Croatian National Guard has combined with police units from the Croatian Interior Ministry, building makeshift armored personnel carriers to raise moral, but remains outfinanced, outgunned, and outmanned by JNA forces. Estimates on the total number in the Croatian National Guard are unavailable because of the rapid enlistment at the time of the broadcast. Most are only armed with Kalashnikovs, some only with World War I-era Carbines.
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 10-Sep-1991, Beta SP, 10 min
    BA597
    Embers Taking Flight/Der Funke fliegt (documentary film)
    Focus on pre-war Bosnia-Herzegovina as the war began to spread from Croatia. Interviews with Alija Izetbegovic and Serbian politicians. Interview with two JNA soldiers as they begin to occupy parts of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Shows the aftermath of houses being shot at in a Mostar suburb by JNA soldiers stationed nearby. Shows the reactions of local people to JNA reserve being mobilized in Bosnia. Two politicians are interviewed. Alija Izetbegovic, Bosnian Muslim leader, talks about the Muslims' attempts to create a cooperative environment with the Serbs and Croats, while Professor Aleksa Buha, talking about Greater Serbia. Report contains pre-war pictures of the cultural plethora characteristic for Bosnia (includes a map of ethnic makeup of pre-war Bosnia).
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 24-Sep-1991, Beta SP, 9 min
    BA598
    The Opposition/Die Opposition (documentary film)
    This broadcast focuses on the Serbian Opposition, in particular Vuk Draskovic, leader of the Serbian Democratic Party. Extensive footage of him included. He gives his beliefs about the Milosevic government and Serbian nationalism. Talks about the opposition's inability to have their voice heard in Yugoslav politics. Reports also interviews several young people on the street of Belgrade on their attitudes about Vuk Draskovic.
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 22-Oct-1991, Beta SP, 8 min
    BA599
    Pressure from the Right/Drueck von Rechts (documentary film)
    Focus lies on the Croatian right-wing and their role in an independent Croatia. Interview with Dobrosav Paraga, leader of the Croatian Party of the Right (HSP), and the founder of the paramilitary Croatian Armed Forces (HOS). He talks about his goals for Croatia and his Party, and Croatia's desire to become completely independent of Yugoslavia. Also points out that the war is financed by everyone who wants to see Yugoslavia dissapear. Alija ©iljak, leader of the HOS is also interviewed; warning of the conflict that is about to happen in Bosnia. Exclaims that Europe is going to see such bloodshed as they have not seen before. Interviewed is also an 8-year-old boy who serves as a courier for the Ustasha guards. The last interview is with an Ustasha soldier talking about his view on Tudjman.
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 5-Nov-1991, Beta SP, 5 min
    BA600
    Tudjman Under Pressure/Tudjman in Bedraengnis (documentary film)
    The focus of this broadcast is FranjoTudjman, President of Croatia, and controversial historian. ORF reporter Erich Macho interviews Tudjman in the midst of war with Serbia. Confident of winning his war against the JNA and rump Yugoslavia, Tudjman foresees international recognition of Croatia by both the European Union and the world community, while accusing Serbia of imperialistic intentions and attempting to keep Croatia from becoming free and democratic. Interviews with Bozo Kovacevic of the Social Liberal Party, Miko Tripalo of the Croatian People's Party, and Dobroslav Paraga of the Croatian Party of the Right, as well as people on the street in Croatia.
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 12-Nov-1991, Beta SP, 11 min
    BA601
    Istria - The Italian Question/Istrien - Die italienische Frage (documentary film)
    This broadcast focuses on the ethnic Italian element in Istria and the northern region of Slovenia. Manilo Vidovic, director of Radio Capodistria, is interviewed on the role his station plays for the ethnic Italian minority in the Istrian peninsula. The report details the pre-WW II population of ethnic Italians as over 80% and that the current levels are down to about 3%. Italian schools are still funded by the Italian government in the Istrian region. Interviews with ethnic Italian civilians, local officials, and businessmen are provided throughout. They all primarily discuss the various ways life on Istra has been changed by the new border between Croatia and Slovenia.The question of the Istrian population is discussed vigorously, in regards to the social and political future of the ethnic Italians there.
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 19-Nov-1991, Beta SP, 8 min
    BA602
    Cetniks - Spearheads of Serbia/Cetniks - Speerspitze Serbiens (documentary film)
    This broadcast focuses on Cetniks, Serbian paramilitary irregulars and volunteers, in the region in and around East Slavonia at the begginning of the war between Croatia and the Serbian-controlled Yugoslav central government and JNA. The history of the Cetniks and their loyalty to the Serbian monarchy are described briefly from modern to present times. An interview is featured with Maja Gojkovic, Vice-President of the Serbian Radical Party in Novi Sad, about nationalist intentions in Serbia. The Serbian Radical Party is pictured as a political wing of sorts for the Cetniks, providing them with ideological support within the political system of the former Yugoslavia. Footage of Vukovar is shown throughout the report, as well as scenes from the smaller town of Tenja. Cetnik commanders and soldiers are interviewed from their command post in the cellar of a house in Tenja. Ljuban Macakanja, the Cetnik commander in Osijek, and Sava Gruhic, a Cetnik in Tenja, are both interviewed. The Cetniks explain why they can no longer live with the Croats and why Serb-inhabited areas of East Slavonia must come under a Serbian government.
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 26-Nov-1991, Beta SP, 10 min
    BA603

  471. Fear and Hope/Angst und Hoffnung (documentary film)
    This broadcast focuses on Croatia during its war with Serbia in East Slavonia and the Krajina. Cease-fire implementation is discussed, featuring interviews with Zdravko Tomac of the Croatian government and General Martin ©pegelj, Inspector of General Troops. Tomac excalims that there would never have been a war if the West was more swift in recognizing Croatia as an independent country. He puts the responsibilty to end the war on the US. ©pegelj ensures the world that Croatia will fight for every piese of land that has belonged to them since 1945. The broadcast also reports on the economic impact of the war, including an interview with Ante »icin-©ain, President of the National Bank of Croatia. »icin-©ain points out that Croatian economy is in dire need of economic help. Printing of the Croatian dinar is shown, while explaining the currency's virtual worthlessness due to hyper-inflation. Foreign credits can come about only if Croatia's independence if recognized. The hospital in Karlovac is also featured, including the interview with an injured soldier. Contains pictures of wounded civilians and soldiers.
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 7-Jan-1992, Beta SP, 9 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative,
    The New Neighbor/Der neue Nachbar (documentary film)
    This broadcast focuses on Slovenia as a newly-independent republic. The defeat of the JNA in 1991 is discussed with footage showing combat between the Slovenian defense forces and the JNA, as well as footage from the JNA troop withdrawl. The new constitution and the middle-right political coalition DEMOS are both discussed, including an interview with Joze Pucnik, former head of DEMOS. Political figures such as Lojze Peterle, Joze Smole, and Janez Jansa are discussed. The author Zarko Petan is also interviewed. In discussion of the economy, poor migrant workers outside of Ljubljana are featured as well as Janez Kociancic, Director of Adria Airlines.
    Producer: ORF News Germany/German language; 7-Jan-1992, Beta SP, 10 min
    BA605

  472. Interview with Mladic and Karadzic (documentary film)
    This program includes interviews with General Mladic and Bos. Serb president, Radovan Karadzic. Karadzic explains, among other things, why he doesn't recognize the Court in the Hague, denies that the Serbs committed ethnic cleansing and rape, talks about relations with Serbia. The prospects for long-term peace are weak, according to Karadzic. Footage from Paris Conference and the Dayton Peace negotiations, Sarajevo and Serb-held part of Sarajevo, refugees from Srebrenica, Bosnian Serb army in Srebrenica, refugees from Serbian Krajina in Croatia, is included.
    Producer: Mega Channel Greece/Serbian language/Subtitles: English, Beta SP, 54 min
    Sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", quality pop music.

  473. Tudjman, Karadzic, Milosevic, Cosic, Boban, Izetbegovic (conference)
    n/a
    Producer: United Nations Television English language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens"

  474. Tudjman, Karadzic, Milosevic, Cosic, Boban, Izetbegovic (conference)
    n/a
    Producer: UNTV English language, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative

  475. Compilation of different reports on rape of Bosnian women (mostly excerpts from reports) (report)
    This tape contains a medley of news report on rape of the Bosnian Muslim women; none of the reports are featured in their entirety.
    - (1) BBC (in English W/SCB subtitles, beginning cut off): Allan Little reports from Bihac on an unidentified 16-year-old girl who was raped repeatedly by Serbian irregular forces and became pregnant as a consequence. Although her story is not corroborated by other testimonies, it is supported by her internal and other injuries. She lives in Zagreb and will not be allowed to have an abortion because the Croatian law prohibits it.
    - (2) TVBiH (in SCB): This report includes a brief interview with a 12-year-old girl from Foca who was raped repeatedly by Bosnian Serb soldiers. She mentions that she was in Kalinovik and that she was jailed; two-to-three soldiers would usually come to take her out of jail and rape her. She also mentions that a soldier tried to protect her. If it wasn't for the war, she would now attend sixth grade in elementary school.
    - (3) TVBiH (in FRENCH W/SCB VO & English subtitles): Originally produced by a French network TV5, this report features an interview with Slobodan Panic, a Serb soldier and former detention camp guard who admitted to raping five women. Panic explains how his commanders forced him to commit the rapes.
    - (4) BBC (?) (in English W/SCB subtitles): This report shows an unidentified Bosnian Muslim woman with her three children. The woman was raped and shot three times in the leg by Bosnian Serb soldiers. Two of her children died, while the third one was injured in the leg.
    - (5) TVBiH (in SCB): Arijana Saracevic interviews several rape victims, an unidentified Bosnian Muslim woman and three teenage girls who were all held together at a camp in Rogatica. The first woman describes in detail the torture, rape, and severe beatings which she and other women endured at the hands of the Bosnian Serb soldiers; according to her, women between the ages of 14 and 45 were raped and beaten. She knew each one of the perpetrators. One of the teenage girls explains how hard it was to face the fact that her former friends and neighbors were now their assailants.
    - (5) TVBiH (in German W/SCB subtitles): Originally produced by ORF2, this report features a testimony by the Bosnian Serb soldier Borislav Herak, who admitted that Bosnian Serb commanders turned the Vogosca motel complex "Sonja" into a bordello. He states that Bosnian women held there were raped en masse and then killed in the nearby forest.
    - (6) TVBiH (in FRENCH W/SCB VO & English subtitles): Originally produced by French TV5, this broadcast shows an anonymous woman describing how she was raped by four Cetniks.
    - (7) HTV (in German W/SCB subtitles): (a brief segment) Originally produced by ORF (?), this report shows Fata Zahbac (sp), a Kozarac woman who lost her mind after being tortured. (segments 1-7 end at 00:08:30)
    - (8) TVBiH: A longer program entitled "The Story of Rape" features a Bosnian TV reporter Haris Kulenovic interviewing an anonymous woman who was raped by the Bosnian Serb soldiers. According to Kulenovic, 30,000 women war raped during the Bosnian war. The woman and her three children lived near the airport in the suburbs of Sarajevo, from where they were taken to the nearby Kula prison in June (1992 ?). Their house was destroyed in a shell explosion. The woman describes how she was captured, how she and her daughter were raped, and how they eventually escaped from the prison. She explains that soldiers who imprisoned her were all former neighbors, and that even some of the Muslim neighbors also participated in rounding up the women. She describes the living conditions in the prison, and mentions a man named Trapara who raped and beat her. Women were called out by name, then taken to rooms where numbers of soldiers, who were often drunk, would beat, torture, and rape them. The woman explains how she and her eldest daughter deal with their experiences. She believes that the victims of rape have to talk about their experiences because that is the only way the three ethnic groups can live together again. (segment ends at 00:25:36)
    - (9) HTV (SCB W/German VO & SCB subtitles; poor quality). Originally produced by a German TV station, the report contains an interview with Asja Kesma, a 22-year-old Visegrad native raped by the Bosnian Serb soldiers. She alleges that seventeen men raped her, four to five each night. During the last evening of her detention, she was raped by twelve men. According to Kesma, many women who had become pregnant went to Visegrad to get abortions. She thinks she would have killed her baby if she was pregnant as a result of rape.
    - (10) HTV (in SCB): A segment of a report mentions ITN's efforts to document on-camera statements by rape victims. A report by European Community estimates that about 20,000 Bosnian women were raped from May to September, (1992). Brief statements by a former Bosnian Serb detention camp guard, Slobodan Panic; an anonymous victim of rape, and Nusreta Sivac, are featured.
    - (11) TVBiH (in SCB)): Reporter Arijana Saracevic interviews an unidentified woman who became pregnant after she was raped by Bosnian Serb soldiers, who her neighbors in the past. She recalls being taken to a room with thirteen other women, then being raped twice a night. Late into her pregnancy the soldiers took her to Hres, near Sarajevo, and told her to "feed the Chetniks," a statement that refers to a forced pregnancy. She says that she was afraid to tell her brothers that she was pregnant, and that she does not care what happens to the child. Portions of a Borislav Herak confession are intertwined with her story. Herak, a Bosnian Serb soldier who admitted to raping and killing Muslim women and other civilians, reveals that his commander Boro ordered him and his fellow soldiers to rape the Muslim women detained in "Sonja" restaurant. He describes in detail how he treated a 20-year-old Amela, whom he later killed.
    - (12) TVBiH (in English w/ SCB VO) ABC Nightline: Rape in Bosnia (same as tape 010).
    English language, Serbo-Croatian, French, Beta SP, 31 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens"

  476. Market Massacre in Sarajevo (live broadcast)
    This special live broadcast by Serbian TV, channel Belgrade 1, in cooperation with Pale TV, focuses on the Marketplace Massacre in Sarajevo on February 5, 1994. Officers of the Yugoslav Army give statements, including Zoran Stankovic in the Belgrade studio and Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb President, with Milan Gvero, Colonel in the Bosnian Serb Army in the Pale studio. Karadzic's comment on the event is that the Muslims once again staged a massacre in order to provoke international military intervention against the Serbs. He states that Muslims have planted bloodstained dummies in the market place. Short reports from CNN are shown along with the commentary by the guests in the studio. Statements from Lord David Owen, peace negotiator, Warren Christopher, former Secretary of State, US President Clinton, and Andrei Kozyrev, Russian Foreign Minister, are also featured.
    Producer: RTS, Bosnian Serb TV Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 5-Feb-1994, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", arrogant, provocative, good music

  477. Market Massacre in Sarajevo (live broadcast)
    This special live broadcast by Serbian TV, channel Belgrade 1, in cooperation with Pale TV, focuses on the Marketplace Massacre in Sarajevo on February 5, 1994. Officers of the Yugoslav Army give statements, including Zoran Stankovic in the Belgrade studio and Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb President, with Milan Gvero, Colonel in the Bosnian Serb Army in the Pale studio. Karadzic's comment on the event is that the Muslims once again staged a massacre in order to provoke international military intervention against the Serbs. He states that Muslims have planted bloodstained dummies in the market place. Short reports from CNN are shown along with the commentary by the guests in the studio. Statements from Lord David Owen, peace negotiator, Warren Christopher, former Secretary of State, US President Clinton, and Andrei Kozyrev, Russian Foreign Minister, are also featured.
    Producer: RTS, Bosnian Serb TV Yugoslavia/Serbian language; 5-Feb-1994, Beta SP
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens", provocative, good music

  478. Various News Reports (news)
    Croatian Television program compiles news reports from various local and international TV stations. Reports from TV5, SRT-Serbian TV, Slovenian TV, RAI-Italian channel, BBC, SKY, F3, TF2, Euronews; Karadzic (8/8/95)
    Producer: Croatian Television Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 60 min
    sponsored by Soros program "How to be citizens",

  479. Various News Reports - Part 1 (television program)
    HRT documentary on Tudjman and HDZ's role in the last days of Yugoslavia and early years of the war on Croatia. Documentary employs nationalist political rhetoric and praises Tudjman and HDZ's "diplomatic wisdom". Footage includes: 1990 - early days of Krajina Serb rebellion, SDS president Jovan raskovic, Vojislav Seselj, Milan Babic, meeting of Raskovic and Tudjman, the Yugoslav National Army, Veljko Kadijevic, JNA officers, Knin leader Dusan Zelembaba, proclamation of the new Croatian constitution, Slovenia's bid for independence, Alija Izetbegovic' reaction to JNA in Croatia, Ante Markovic and his Reform Alliance campaign ad. 1991 - political talks in Belgrade, Yugoslav Presidency's extension of the deadline for disarmament of the Croatian Police, the Spegelj Affair video, the Pope praying for Croatia, JNA General Adzic, Slobodan Milosevic, Yugoslav Presidency rejects Stjepan Mesic, swearing-in of the Croatian National Guard, Referendum for Croatian independence, James Baker supporting unity of Yugoslavia, Croatian Parliament proclaims Croatian independence, JNA attack on Slovenia, army barracks situation in Croatian cities, radio conversation between two Yugoslav Army officers planning to "catch the leaders: Tudjman, Spegelj, etc. ", JNA attack on Croatia, Croatian war song, JNA bombing of the Ducal Palace in Zagreb, Republic of Croatia breaks all ties with Yugoslavia, Vukovar and massacres, Serbian song about "slaughtering the Croats", Dubrovnik under attack, international recognition of Croatia, Tudjman speech in the U.N. HRT "Picture on Picture" program mainly on IFOR in Eastern Slavonia (many breaks on tape), and indictment of Dario Kordic, Tihomir Vlaskic, Mario Cerkez, Ivan Santic, Pero Skopljak, and Zlatko Aleksovski for the persecution of Bosnian Muslims in Central Bosnia. Related SKY television and TV 5 stories. CNN interview with unrecognized Republic of Kosovo Prime Minister in exile Bujar Bukoshi.
    Producer: HRT, Euronews, Arte, Sky, TV5, CNN, BBC, HRT-SRT, HRT-CNN Croatian language, English, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA 612 Documentary and various news. Available on VHS and Beta.

  480. Various News Reports- Part 2 (television program)
    Programs from HRT, CNN, EURONews, SKY, HRT-BBC, BTV, HRT-SLO, HRT-SRT, HRT-ZDF, HRT-SKY, TV5. Programs aired in mid-November 1995. HRT reports on the Dayton Agreement, promotion of indicted General Tihomir Blaskic, formerly head of HVO, to the function of the main inspector of the Croatian Army; Christian Chartier comments on indictments of Karadzic and Mladic; Herceg-Bosna reactions to the Dayton Agreement which is "in their opinion to the detriment of croats of BiH"; Herceg-Bosna reactions to indictments of Blaskic and ©antic; signing of the Dayton Agreement in Paris and grenade explosions in Sarajevo on the same day - reaction of Haris Silajdzic; Bosnian Posavina hostilities; short statements by privates in Bosnian Army, Bosnian Serb Army, and possibly HVO. HRT special on events of December 14 in 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995. Footage includes: 1991 bombing of Zadar, 1992 release of imprisoned Croats and Muslims from the Manjaca concentration camp, Radovan Karadcic stating war would end by end of 1992, Americans dropping food to Muslims in the eastern enclaves. HRT "Picture on Picture" program on the Day of BiH Statehood: includes brief history of the Republic, new BiH national anthem, footage of Sarajevo on the day. SKY report on Izetbegovic' and Karadzic public reaction concerning the Dayton Agreement; Bosnian Serb dissatisfaction and protest of students in Serb-held Sarajevo suburb of Ilidza concerning the return of the suburbs to the Federation - students accuse Milosevic of "abandoning them to get the sanctions against Belgrade lifted"; footage of UN soldiers arriving to Mostar; return of Zenica refugees. Serbian Television report on Yugoslav Federal government judging the Dayton Agreement as a "basis for the full preservation and protection of the rights of Serbian people in the region"; Krajina Serb negotiator Milan Milanovic states "international forces would guarantee there won't be any Croatian police, Croatian customs, or any kind of Croatian institutions" in the Baranja-Srijem region. HRT footage of Krajina Serbs celebrating four years from the "liberation" of Vukovar; interviews with international reporters on war in Bosnia who will stop their work after signing of the Dayton Agreement: Dan Damon (SKY), Christiane Amanpour (CNN), Roger Cohen (NY Times), and Martin Bell (BBC). HRT report on bombing of Zagreb; footage of primaballerina Almira Osmanovic who was wounded during the attack; reactions of Croatian Parliament representatives to signing of Dayton Agreement. Slovenian Television report on Biljana Plavsic promises to build new Serbian Sarajevo in the Lukavica suburb. ZDF report on Serb-held part of Sarajevo reaction to the Dayton Agreement. HRT report on Peter Galbraith's reaction to bombing of Zagreb; footage of Pakrac and UN soldiers and Serbian civilians there... [rest of tape in French]
    Producer: HRT, Euronews, Sky, TV5, CNN, BBC, HRT-SRT, HRT-Sky, HRT-ZDF, HRT-SLO Croatian language, English, Beta SP, 60 min
    visual, English and Hungarian versions

  481. Bosnian Muslims - History of a Struggle for Survival/Bosanski Muslimani - Historija jedne borbe za opstanak (documentary film)
    Program aired on television in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Producer: TVBiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 52 min
    visual

  482. Bosnian Muslims/Bosanski Muslimani (documentary film)
    Program aired on television in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Producer: TV BiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, VHS
    visual, English and Hungarian versions

  483. Various News Reports - Part 3 (television program)
    The following reports produced by various international media are all broadcast on HRT as a part of the "Slikom Na Sliku" program. October 10, 1995: The announcer cites a statement made by Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic where he asked Serbia and Croatia for an official declaration stating they do not have territorial aspirations in Bosnia and that they will not stir up separatist and nationalist intentions. The reports reflects speculation that Sarajevo might begin asking for uncomfortable demands which could cause negative reactions in the US and among Bosnian Croats. SKY News (English W/SCB subtitles): Robin Marriage (sp) reports on the normalization of life in Sarajevo, where water and public transportation are available throughout the city. According to UN sources Bosnian Serb forces are on the attack against the Bosnian Army around Sanski Most. US negotiators are cited as stating that despite the fighting, peace negotiations set for October 31, 1995 in Dayton, OH will proceed as scheduled. There is also brief mention that UN Commander General Rupert Smith is returning to head British troops in Northern Ireland. Smith will be replaced by General Michael Jackson. Footage available: US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke in a meeting with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, heavy artillery being fired, and soldiers shooting at sunset. HRT (?) (English W/SCB subtitles): This report was originally done by CNN. According to the report, 6,000 Bosnian Muslim refugees have arrived in the Bosnian government-held area of Zenica. The Bosnian army offensive [in Western Bosnia] caused the expulsion of Bosnian Serbs which are now headed towards Banja Luka; in return, the Bosnian Serb army in the Banja Luka area has been expelling Bosnian Muslims and Croats. UN sources cite that10,000 Bosnian Muslims have been ejected by the Bosnian Serb army, and at least 5,000 men were forced to stay behind. Statements are made by: David Robinson of the International Rescue Committee; and Merima, who was forced to leave her mother, husband, and children behind in Banja Luka. The report cites statements made by: an unidentified woman who states that she was raped by three Bosnian Serb soldiers; a woman whose husband was taken away; Hussein, an elderly man. Footage available: Bosnian Muslim refugees in Zenica, and Bosnian Serb refugees in Omarska. October 22,1995 ORF2 (German W/SCB voiceover): Friedrich Orter reports from the Bosnia-Croatia border on the 25,000 Bosnian Muslim refugees who are supporters of Fikret Abdic. Abdic is the self-proclaimed leader of Bosnian Muslims who helped both Croats and Serbs during the war. Orter explains that Abdic's headquarters were at a castle in Velika Kladusa and that many of the men who fought in Abdic's army are still armed. As a result, Croatia has been threatening with de-militarization and deportation. The Bosnian government is now asking Croatia to extradite Abdic so he could be tried for alleged war crimes. A statement made by a Bosnian army soldier from the 5th Corps is cited. Footage of street life in Velika Kladusa is available. The Hague War Crimes Tribunal has officially begun an investigation into the disappearance of 3,000 civilians in the Bosnian Serb-held area of Srebrenica. Photographs taken by US intelligence have become part of the evidence in the investigation. The Tribunal is seeking evidence which would point to Bosnian Serb Commander General Ratko Mladic, and the connection the Belgrade government has had with the disappearances. TV5 (FRENCH W/SCB subtitles):This broadcast reports that 2,800 Bosnian Muslim men went missing after Srebrenica fell to the Bosnian Serb army. An investigation by the Hague Tribunal found that crimes were committed; hence, the charges against General Ratko Mladic are becoming more heavy. There have also been speculations over the question why the US did not publish all aerial photos taken of the mass graves, particularly as these photos will be used as evidence. Statements are made by: Head Representative for Europe Christopher Girod, and Tageszeitung reporter Andreas Zumach. Footage available: people looking at lists with names of those missing, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, Ratko Mladic greeting his soldier, and soldiers (Bosnian Serb/Serbian irregulars/Bosnian Croat?) discarding a Bosnian Muslim flag. TV VUKOVAR: This broadcast contains an interview with Zeljko Raznjatovic-Arkan where he explains the reasons behind his presence in the Srem and Baranja regions. EURONews: Two reports in French without captions (need translation). HTV: Zeljko Valcic reports on a meeting of representatives from the World Bank, IMF, EU, and USAID whose goal is to determine the level of Bosnia's financial need. One thousand refugees from Sanski Most and Kljuc, who were housed in Zenica and Travnik during the Bosnian Serb occupation of Sanski Most and Kljuc, are now on their way home. The road leading from Sarajevo to Gorazde has been reopened. So far, only humanitarian trucks are permitted to use this road in order to deliver aid to Gorazde's 50.000 citizens. A statement made by World Bank representative Kemal Dervis is cited. Footage available: meeting between Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic and financial leaders, and pictures of refugee boarding buses. October 23, 1995: HTV: Vlado Slijepcevic reports from Bijeljina on the 55th parliament meeting of the Bosnian Serb Republic (Republika Srpska). The report states that representatives from the parliament met with Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic in order to discuss results and plans for the ongoing peace negotiations. The report then outlines the various issues regarding the territory of Republika Srpska which Milosevic will push for, as well as other topics which will be discussed at the meeting. Cited is a statement made by Bosnian Serb Parliament representative Momcilo Krajisnik. SLO1 (Slovenian W/SCB voiceover & English W/SCB voiceover & Slovenian subtitles): This report outlines plans for the Dayton peace negotiations. As a result of Holbrooke's shuttle diplomacy, the leaders of Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia will meet in Dayton, OH to discuss the future of Bosnia. Brief statements are made by US Assistant Secretary Richard Holbrooke, and US Secretary of State Warren Christopher. Footage includes: Richard Holbrooke meeting with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, Richard Holbrooke meeting with Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, and soldiers cleaning a cannon. HRT: Zeljko Valcic reports on the Bosnian Serb parliament meeting where the main guidelines for the Dayton negotiations have been adopted. Valcic then outlines the guidelines made by the parliament. Also, several thousand US soldiers in Germany are training for a possible deployment in Bosnia and two British UN soldiers were wounded after a mine exploded in the Jajce area. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic giving a brief statement on his way out of the Bosnian Serb parliament. HRT: Matej Surc gives a detailed explanation of the Bosnian Serbs' political and territorial demands for the Dayton negotiations. Footage includes: Radovan Karadzic and Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic in a meeting, and the Bosnian Serb parliament (politicians featured in the parliament are Nikola Koljevic, Momcilo Krajisnik, and Alexa Buha). EURO News (October 25, 1995): This is a "No Comment report." Footage includes: Karadzic and Arkan marching together in a military ceremony in Bjeljina, a body being dragged out of a (mass?) grave, several soldiers singing a song, a man without a leg and a woman at an inside shooting range, a man with a prosthetic leg running on a track field. HRT: Elizabeta Gojan reports on the renewed shelling of Sarajevo, the refusal of the Bosnian Serb army to open the water supply, the regrouping on the Bosnian Serb soldiers, and the 300 UN soldiers held hostage by Bosnian Serb soldiers. Footage included: a building being shelled, Red Cross vehicles, a UN helicopter, and a meeting between UN officials. Inserted is a brief report which is hard to make out due to bad audio/visual quality. Gojan also briefly analyzes the redefined role of the UN. HRT (Italian W/SCB subtitles): This RAIUNO report analyzes the continued Bosnian Serb attacks on Sarajevo, particularly around Debelo Brdo. One member of the French UN was wounded during the attacks. The report further states that 3500 Bosnian Serb civilians had to be evacuated from the Tuzla area as Bosnian Muslim forces continue attacks around Ozren. Footage includes: infrared pictures of shooting in Sarajevo at night, refugees fleeing at night, destroyed houses, and UN soldiers in bunkers. SRT: Ljubomir Ljubojevic reports on a meeting between Radovan Karadzic and Krajina Serb leader Milan Martic. The goal of the meeting is to draw up a plan for the unification of Serbian Krajina and Republika Srpska. Other politicians present are: President of the Bosnian Serb parliament Momcilo Krajisnik, Vice Presidents Dr. Biljana Plavsic and Nikola Koljevic, President of the Serbian Krajina parliament Rajko Lezajic, and Serbian Krajina Foreign Minister Milan Babic. SRT: Interviewed is the Foreign Minister of Republika Srpska Aleksa Buha. He discusses issues surrounding UN's arrest of six Bosnian Serbs soldiers. He states that UNPROFOR needs to clarify its position regarding the arrests, as this sheds a new light on the situation. Predrag Koroman reports on the living conditions of the UN soldiers detained by the Bosnian Serb soldiers. Soldiers are shown cooking, and playing darts, and being lectured to by their commander. A statement is made by French UN Captain Zoanik (French sp?). HRT: Report outlines the continued fighting in Sarajevo, particularly the area of Debelo Brdo. According to the report, five children were killed in the fighting around Mostar. The report further details the situation with the UN is Bosnia, noting that a Ukrainian soldier was taken hostage by Bosnian government forces. In Gorazde, Bosnian government soldiers are preparing for an upcoming attack by Bosnian Serb forces by taking all weapons from the Ukrainian UN soldiers stationed in this safe haven. A statement regarding Western politics is made by UN Undersecretary Manfred Eisele. Bosnian Foreign Minister Muhamed Sacirbey gives a brief speech regarding the future of the UN in Bosnia. Footage includes: body of a dead man, civilians running in the street, infrared pictures of a bombs exploding, and Bosnian government fighters preparing for an attack. HRT: Ranko Mavrak gives a report via telephone regarding the evacuation of the 15.000 civilians from the Zepa safe haven. According to Mavrak, the Bosnian army will not be in the position to defend Zepa without the help of the international community. He states that the situation has significantly worsened and that the majority of the population do not have adequate weapons to defend themselves. He also explains that Ukrainian UN soldiers stationed in Zepa are not clear on their next actions, which is actually the case with the UN itself. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb soldiers (?), UN soldiers in a bunker, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, UN soldiers in Sarajevo, and UN spokesman Aleksander Ivanko.
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 36 min
    visual, Hungarian

  484. HRT: JNA Occupation of the Plitvice Region (television program)
    This documentary details how the JNA occupied the towns and villages in Plitivice region of Croatia. The report begins by highlighting a meeting of the "Plitvice" organization workers which was obstructed by the JNA. The narrator points out that a later meeting of ethnic Serbs where Vojislav Seselj and Milan Babic were the guest speakers was not forced to disperse. The report further explains that all of the Croat villages in the Plitvice area have been occupied by the JNA, and that people are being taken to Korenica and Knin for interrogations. The report shows Tomislav Strk, the mayor of Slunj, asking for help in stopping the JNA occupation. The issue of many residents setting up defense groups is discussed by explaining that they are not strong enough to fight against the well-equipped JNA, and that many civilians are forced to become refugees. One of the refugee camps, Grabovac, is pointed out a having suffered an attack by the JNA, resulting in the death of 3 children. The report cites the numbers of people killed in the first couple of months of the blockade of the Plitvice villages: Rastovaca-2, Poljanak-17, Smoljanac-14, Catrna-7, Korana-3 children, Dreznicko Seliste-15, Drezni Grad-9, Irinovac-4, Lipovaca-14, Vaganac-8, and Saborski-48. Further highlighted are the various air attacks on Cetingrad and Slunj areas, which produced the following casualties: Rakovica-21, Slunj-20, Cvitovic-15, Ladjevac-47, and Cetinjgrad-31. Throughout the report Major Vladimir Katic, of the Croatian Home Defense Guards, gives a detailed description of how the JNA established a blockade of the Plitvice region, and what roads were taken by refugees trying to get away from the fighting. The report closes with Reverend Mile Pecic who briefly explains the role of the priesthood in supporting the people. Statements are made by JNA Deputy Commander Andrija Raseta, (?), a local unidentified man and woman, Mayor of Saborski village, local resident defender Ivica Kukuruzovic, and Halil Dzubran reading a patriotic poem. Other footage includes: soldiers shooting in the winter, Croatian soldiers arresting several men who are referred to as "terrorists," JNA equipment and soldiers in the Plitvice region, children helping in the making of sand bags, JNA tanks driving at night, landscapes of the Plitivice region, shot out vehicles, dead body wrapped in a blanket, soldiers carrying a wounded man, Croatian police officers in the Yugoslav police uniforms, body of Rade Keca, refugees arriving at the Grabovac camp, destroyed catholic churches, destroyed houses, Croatian home defense guards getting organized, doctor Krusic taking care of a wounded person, landscapes of Slunj, and people sitting at a Catholic mass.
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 31 min
    BA617; Beta and VHS

  485. HRT: Various News Reports - Part 5 (television program)
    - HRT Evening News (Dnevnik): Damir Matkovic reports on the latest in Bosnian safe haven, Zepa. UNPROFOR confirms the fall of the enclave. Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic cited. ICTY's indictment of Martic, Karadzic, and Mladic also discussed. - (b
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA618; Beta and VHS

  486. HRT: Slikom na Sliku - Medley of international reports on Bosnia and Croatia - Part 6 (television program)
    ORF2 (SCB voiceover): This report is about a meeting between UN Envoy Pere (sp) and Radovan Karadzic. Karadzic denied rumors of a coup attempt, and asked the UN Envoy for control over the Bosnian Muslim enclave of Gorazde in return for access to Sarajevo. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic sitting in a meeting with Pere (sp), and Bosnian Serb Parliament President Momcilo Krajisnik. HRT: This is a clip from an interview in which Karadzic gives his view regarding the peace negotiations. He outlines how Western nations are trying to undermine the Bosnian Serb negotiators and their demands. UNTV: Martina Balazova reports how the Serbian government is forcibly sending Krajina Serb refugee men to the Bosnia front. She reports that Serbian police came into the Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia) refugee camp, gathered all the men of fighting age, and sent them to the Bosnian front. The following witnesses give statements: an unidentified young man, three unidentified women, and Slobodan Jarcevic, Counselor to Krajina Serb leader Milan Martic. SLO1 (SCB voiceover): Matej Surc reports how the Yugoslav government-controlled media manipulate the question of Krajina refugees seeking shelter in Serbia. He also explains that forcible mobilization of Krajina Serb men was halted due to protests by the Serbian public, but that the fate of Krajina refugee men sent to Bosnia to fight is still unknown. According to a Belgrade newspaper article, Krajina Serb leader Milan Martic moved into an apartment in Banja Luka where a refugee family used to live. Footage includes: a refugee camp in Serbia, refugees standing in line in front of a truck, Serbian refugee cars lined up on a road, and Milan Martic in Banja Luka at night. RTS1: This broadcast cites an interview with Goran Hadzic, an aspiring Krajina Serb leader. In an interview he gave to "Borba," a Serbian newspaper, Goran Hadzic addressed questions regarding the Krajina Serb leadership. CNN (SCB subtitles): This is a brief report on a hemoraghic fever outbreak in Kosovo thathreatens to spread among Krajina refugees pouring into Kosovo. Poor sanitary conditions in Kosovo are a large contributing factor to the outbreak of this and other diseases. The report is cut off. Footage includes: children laying in a hospital. HRT: This broadcast reports on an estimated 1,000 Krajina Serb men who were forcibly sent to the Bosnia frontlines. The men have escaped from the Bosnian frontlines and are awaiting permission to enter Serbia and join their families. A statement is made by an unidentified woman (who appeared in the previous UNTV report). Footage includes: an aerial shot of Krajina Serb refugees crossing a bridge. HRT: Sanja Vranjes reports that the renewed shelling of Sarajevo left 6 people dead and 38 wounded. Among the wounded were six Egyptian UN soldiers. One apartment building was destroyed, and a building next to the television building caught on fire. Other footage includes: two wounded civilians being brought out form a car and put onto a stretcher, a wounded child crying, burning buildings, and the interior of a destroyed building. HRT: This is a very brief report from Sarajevo regarding the arrival of humanitarian aid sent in by the Saudi government. Sarajevans received flour, cooking oil, and sugar. HRT: This broadcast reports that 90 Ukraine UN soldiers from Gorazde arrived in Sarajevo, because their positions in Gorazde became militarily unbearable. The next is about the funeral of three US diplomats who died in an accident on Mount Igman. (cut off) BBC World (SCB voiceover): (cut off) EURONews: Report in French. (cut off) 00:10:20-00:37:55 This is part of a British documentary detailing "Operation Phoenix," an effort to bring together British and local Sarajevo doctors, primarily surgeons and anaesthetists. The teams of surgeons are gathered to perform many surgeries that could not have been done during the war due to lack of means, or time. Two surgeries are shown: one of them performed by Dr. John Stuart (plastic surgeon) on patient Nedjad Mahmutovic, and the other performed by Dr. Mike Ward and Dr. Persival (orthopaedic surgeon) on patient Hajrudin Bijelic (sp). Both the local and British doctors describe in interviews life under siege and constant shelling, working conditions during war, how they were affected by the war, and living under the cease-fire. Statements by Marijana Serdarevic, Croat anaesthetist in Kosevo hospital; Dr. Tony Redman and Dr. John Navein, international team of doctors working in Sarajevo's hospitals; Nedjad Mahmutovic and two unidentified women from his family (sp); Dr. Mike Ward, anaesthetist; Zdenka Straus, aenesthecist, Dr. Nik Persival, orthopaedic (?) surgeon, Zeljka Knezovic, anaesthetist; and Jasmina Alibegovic, junior doctor at the children's ward at Kosevo. HRT: This broadcast reports on the Bosnian government forces takeover of Sanski Most, and their continuing territorial advances towards Prijedor. The report notes that these advances are endangering the Bosnian Serb stronghold of Banja Luka where around 100.000 Bosnian Serb civilians are seeking refuge. In Sarajevo, humanitarian trucks brought in 165 tons of food aid. The trucks passed through the town of Hadzici for the first time after local [Bosnian Serb] residents decided to open the roads. Footage includes: French NATO soldiers and local men unloading flour sacks from trucks. HRT: This is a three-minute segment of what appears to be a longer documentary, but it is missing the beginning and end. Statements are made by: two older unidentified men, and Father Ivan Savic. Footage includes: video footage of elderly civilians and soldiers going over the Velebit mountain on September 26, 1991, RTB footage of tanks and burning houses. HRT: This report discusses the possibility of NATO air-strikes against the Bosnian Serb military positions. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic threatened to ask for a discontinuation of Paris negotiations if Bosnian Serb positions around Sarajevo were not destroyed. As more evidence points to Bosnian Serbs as the perpetrators, there is a wider call for NATO air-strikes. Footage includes: Blood-stained steps, carpet with a large pool of blood stain, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic giving a statement at a meeting in Paris, smiling child laying on a stretcher, a Bosnian Muslim funeral, extensive graves sites, and different men covering graves with earth. CNN (SCB voiceover): Wolf Blitzer reports on the ongoing debate between the US and its allies regarding the possibility of bombing Bosnian Serb military positions around Sarajevo. He outlines the US position regarding the effectiveness of NATO air-strikes as opposed to direct land attacks. CNN (SCB subtitles): Steve Hurst reports from the US State Department on the newest developments regarding the possible bombing of Bosnian Serb military targets, and the ongoing peace negotiations. The US is still pushing for diplomatic negotiations, a part of that being Alija Izetbegovic's meeting with French President Jacques Chirac. The differing views between the US and Russia regarding the Bosnian conflict are presented. He also outlines what the US-brokered peace plan would call for. Footage includes: Alija Izetbegovic with Jacques Chirac. TF1 (SCB voiceover): This broadcast cites statements made by Alija Izetbegovic. He stated he would be leaving the peace negotiations Western allies continue to allow Bosnian Serb forces to kill civilians in Sarajevo. France gave their guarantees they wold participate in any attack. Footage includes: Alija Izetbegovic at a meeting in Paris. French TV5 (W/ FRENCH voiceover/SCB subtitles): The report describes the aftermath of the market place massacre, explaining that Sarajevans feel angry and desperate. Local merchants are shown repairing their shops which were destroyed by the mortar shell. The report also briefly mentions that one grenade fell on Kosevo hospital. Statements are made by: an unidentified young man, and an unidentified young woman. Footage includes: flowers places at the spot where the shell hit, people passing by the site, and merchants repairing their stores. BBC (SCB voiceover): This report also appears on tape 530. SRT: This broadcast states that the Bosnian government staged the marketplace massacre by bringing wounded soldiers from the frontlines. Footage included: wounded civilians being brought into a hospital after the explosion, soldiers loading wounded men onto trucks, and a woman hosing down blood stains. EURONews: The following three reports need French translation. HRT: This report contains footage of Mladic refusing to let reporters in to Saint Ante, a catholic church which was bombed down by Bosnian Serb forces(?).Visual is very bad. (cut off)
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA619; Beta and VHS

  487. Various News Reports - Part 7 (report)
    ARD: This report analyzes the situation of the Bosnian Muslim refugees living in Miholjsko, Croatia. These refugees are followers of Fikret Abdic who sided with the Bosnian Serbs during the war. The report states that these people are not wanted by the Croatian government, but are also afraid to return to Bosnia for fear of retaliation from the Bosnian government. The report states that the refugees are living in catastrophic sanitary conditions. Statements are made by two refugee women. EURONews: This report is in French. It needs translation. SKY News (SCB subtitles): Michael Sullivan reports on the Bosnia Serb retreat resulting from the Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government offensive in the Banja Luka area. He states that the Bosnian Serb retreat is so swift that much of the artillery left behind is being made use of by the Bosnian government and Bosnian Croat army. A statement is made by Bosnian Foreign Minister Muhamed Sacirbey. Footage included: Bosnian government troops taking over tanks, Bosnian government troops entering a village, British Foreign Secretary Malcolm Rifkind meeting with Croatian President Franjo Tudjman and Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, and Richard Holbrooke meeting with Franjo Tudjman and Alija Izetbegovic. HRT: This broadcast cites a statement by Bosnian Serb Parliament President Momcilo Krajisnik. In his view, the Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government offensive was a result of the NATO bombings. He was also surprised that Malcolm Rifkind accepted to be an observer in the negotiation between the Bosnian government and the Bosnian Serbs in Banja Luka. He further states that the UN and NATO support of the Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government offensive has forced the Bosnian Serbs to continue in their attempts to hold on to the territories gained during the war. The next report cites a statement by Predrag Radic, President of the Banja Luka War Council is cited. He refused Muhamed Sacirbey's offer for negotiations regarding the future of Banja Luka, calling it ridiculous. A SRT picture of Radic is included. HRT: Originally produced by SRT, the report states that a special (propaganda) war has been waged from the Bosnian Croats against the Bosnian Serbs. Furthermore, the [Bosnian Serb] population has been called upon to give names of people who have been spreading misinformation regarding the situation in Banja Luka. Individuals accused of spreading false information will be subject to a criminal trial. CNN (SCB voiceover): Peter Arnett reports from Bijeljina. He cites statements made by Nikola Koljevic in regard to the Bosnian Croat/government offensive. Koljevic stated that if the [Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government] offensive does not stop he will be forced to ask Serbia for military support. There are 80.000 Bosnian Serb refugees in the Banja Luka area, which will all be housed on Bosnian Serb territory in Bosnia. Koljevic is further cited as stating that the constant grenades falling around Banja Luka are unbearable and have caused numerous civilian deaths. Bosnian Serb positions were attacked after the signing of the Geneva peace treaty. Arnett also states that the Bosnian Croat and Bosnian government officials stated the shelling to be in retaliation to what the Bosnian Serbs have done throughout the war. HRT: Originally produced by STV (Serbian TV), this is a brief clip citing a statement made by the Bosnian Serb General Milovanovic. RAIUNO (SCB subtitles): The report cites the results reported by Pentagon after the bombing of Bosnian Serb military targets. From the thousand of "intelligent bombs" dropped in Bosnia, 70% hit their target. In comparison, less than 50% of the guided missiles hit their targets in the Gulf War. The report then gives a brief insight into how guided missiles operate. Footage available: aerial shots of Bosnian Serb military targets before and after the NATO bombing. HRT: The announcer states that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic has been held responsible for the fate of two French airmen whose plane has been shot down. TV5 (SCB subtitles): The report states that the Red Cross in Sarajevo has been negotiating with the Bosnian Serb army to gain access to the two French airmen. A statement is made by Red Cross Spokesperson Lise Boudreault. EURONews: The first "No Comment" broadcast was done on September 19, 1995 and shows pictures on life in Bosanska Krupa. Footage included: armed civilians and soldiers walking through the streets, an Orthodox church, civilians standing on a bridge, two boys climbing up a destroyed bridge, a soldier sitting on a doorstep, destroyed buildings, a destroyed bridge, and people in the streets. The second "No Comment" broadcast was done on September 18, 1995 in Sanski Most. Footage included: a woman driving by on a bicycle, civilians and soldiers walking in the streets, soldiers doing road patrols and sitting on a tank called "Sveti Nikola," and a man and a boy pulling a cart. The third "No Comment" broadcast was recorded on September 18, 1995 near Banja Luka. Footage included: an older woman crying, refugees sitting in trucks, refugees tractors and trucks lined up on the road, and refugees moving on horse-drawn trailers. The fourth "No Comment" was recorded near Kalosevici (sp) on September 19, 1995. Footage included: Red Cross buses parked, soldiers walking on a dirt road, and refugees boarding a bus. RAIUNO (SCB subtitles): The report analyzes the situation around Drvar and Dubrovnik. According to the report, Serbian President Milosevic is playing the peacemaker as sanctions imposed against Yugoslavia are close to being removed. Furthermore, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic has abandoned Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, and the UN will be leaving the safe haven of Gorazde. Footage included: Bosnian Croat (?) and Bosnia government (?) soldiers walking through a forest, Dalmatian coastline, a square in old-town Dubrovnik, Milosevic and US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke, Radovan Karadzic greeting a civilian man, and NATO tanks and trucks lined up on a road. HRT: This broadcast shows a brief interview with Radovan Karadzic where discusses the peace negotiations and the territorial division of Bosnia. RTS: The broadcast states that Ratko Mladic's refusal to serve as the Presidential advisor of Republika Srpska resulted in broad support among military and public circles in Republika Srpska and Serbia. Also cited is a telegram sent by a military unit in support of Mladic. CNN (SCB voiceover): "Doctors Without Borders" Representative Jacques de Milliano reports on the expulsion of Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Muslim civilians from the Banja Luka area by Bosnian Serb soldiers. He states that Bosnian Serb authorities are not meeting the basic humanitarian standards, and that in some parts of town (Banja Luka?) leaflets encouraging the expulsion of Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats are distributed. BBC World (SCB voiceover): Martin Bell reports on the withdrawal of Ukrainian and British UN soldiers from the UN safe haven of Gorazde. Statements are made by UN Spokesman Phil Arnold and UN Spokesman Alexander Ivanko. BBC World (SCB voiceover): The broadcast reports that around 6000 Bosnian Muslim men have been missing since Srebrenica was overrun by Bosnian Serb soldiers. Both the UN and the Red Cross are not allowed to enter the area where US aerial photos point to a possible mass grave. An interview with Christian Science Monitor correspondent David Rohde, who managed to visit the area, is included. The report states that Bosnian Serb authorities continue to deny charges that mass executions took place in Srebrenica. CNN (SCB subtitles): Bill Delaney highlights the situation in Srebrenica after the Bosnian Serb army takeover. Savka Ilic, a Bosnian Serb woman, is shown returning to her destroyed home. She states that she and her husband were forced to leave in 1992 after the Bosnian army took over Srebrenica. The report explains that at least 30.000 people fled Srebrenica, and that the Bosnian Serb army takeover in July of 1995 left thousands of Bosnian Muslim men missing. Also highlighted is the Bosnian Serb authority response to the accusations. Bosnian Serb authorities state that many of the men fled into the hills and died in battle, and that some of them are in Batkovic prison, near Bijeljina. A statement is made by Miroslav Deronic, Mayor of Srebrenica. Footage included: destroyed houses in Srebrenica, and Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage of women and children sitting in a field after the fall of Srebrenica, aerial photos of alleged mass graves, Dutch UN compound, and street life in Srebrenica. EURONews: The first "No Comment" broadcast recorded on August 8, 1995 shows doctors and nurses taking care of wounded in a Sarajevo hospital. The second "No Comment" broadcast was recorded in Miholjsko village in Croatia on August 8, 1995. Footage includes: Red Cross trucks arriving in the village, a man and a boy fixing their tent, civilians standing in line for water, a woman cooking outside, people sitting in front of their tents, [civilian] trucks lined up along the road, a masked man arranging things in a truck, a Red Cross building, wounded men laying on the floor, people standing in front of the Red Cross building, a woman carrying wood into her tent, a man sleeping on the ground, and two men carrying bails of hay. The third "No Comment" broadcast shows Srebrenica on August 17, 1995.Footage included: a woman walking past a destroyed building, destroyed buildings and houses, an entrance with the inscription "Skloniste" (shelter), and the burned down "Energoinvest" building in Srebrenica. The fourth "No Comment" broadcast was recorded on August 17, 1995 in the town of Turbe. The broadcast shows refugees being arriving and getting settled in a gym in Turbe. The fifth "No Comment" was recorded in Belgrade on August 17, 1995. This broadcast shows life in Belgrade, Serbia. Footage includes black market dealers selling gasoline and goods on the streets. CNN (SCB subtitles): This broadcast is a brief report on the death of US diplomat Robert Frasure (sp) on Mount Igman in Bosnia. HRT: Goran Rotim reports on the Mount Igman accident where a UN vehicle carrying three US diplomats slid off the road and landed 100 meters into a minefield. The following three reports are in regard to the accident. Cited are statements made by US Spokesperson Christopher Guinness, Reuters News agency, UN Spokesman Jim Lanedale (sp), UN Spokesperson Alexander Ivanko. A statement Muhamed Sacirbey and US President Clinton is included Footage includes: UN armored vehicles with Red Cross signs, picture of Richard Holbrooke, picture of General Wesley Clark with Tudjman in the background, and UN soldiers inspecting the exploded vehicle. CNN (SCB voiceover): Jackie Shymanski interviews Franjo Tudjman about the Croatian offensive in the Krajina region of Croatia. The interview is cut off. RAIUNO (SCB subtitles): This is phone report from Pale regarding rumors of a military coup. Footage includes: Karadzic and his soldiers inspecting damaged buildings in NAME?, Mladic greeting soldiers and civilians, Karadzic shaking hands with Mladic, and Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica. SLO1 (SCB voiceover): Matej Surc gives a phone report on responses to the rumors of a possible coup. He cites Krajisnik’s statement regarding the rumors. Surc explains that General Mladic has broken his ties to Karadzic and joined Milosevic. Footage included: Nikola Koljevic in a press conference, General Mladic giving a statement, and Richard Holbrooke in a meeting with Slobodan Milosevic. RTS: This broadcast cites a statement given by the Ivica Dacic, member of the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS) and Parliament member. His statement is in regard to the issues surrounding the loss of the [Serbian] Krajina region in Croatia.
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA620; Beta and VHS; various languages, mostly voiced over or subtitled in Croatian; the first segment is in German

  488. Various News Reports - Part 8 (report)
    This report describes the atmosphere in Sarajevo the day after a peace treaty was signed. A half hour after the signing, a grenade hit an apartment building. For the first time in three years, Sarajevans were able to receive packages which arrived from relatives in Germany. Gorazde remains inaccessible for humanitarian trucks as the road is littered with mines. Footage includes: Sarajevans reading list of people who received packages from Germany, people walking through a former sniper alley in the shadows of a tank, people in the streets of Sarajevo, a Bosnian Serb commander telling the cameraman to quit filming, UN convoys lined up on the road to Gorazde. Statements are made by: an unidentified young woman, an unidentified young man, an unidentified French UN soldier, and an unidentified Bosnian Serb officer. --HRT (SCB): This report is on a meeting between Bosnian Serb leaders, Bosnian government leaders, and UN negotiators whose goal is to draw out a plan for the peace implementation. Even though a peace agreement was signed, the road to Gorazde is still not opened. Cited is a statement made by UN Spokeswoman Miriam Sohazky (sp). Footage includes: a soldier cleaning his gun, and UN trucks lined up on the road. --HRT (SCB subtitles): Originally done by French TV5, this report outlines the retaking of Sanski Most by Bosnian government soldiers. As a result of the offense, 49.000 people [Bosnian Serbs] have been fleeing towards Banja Luka. In Sarajevo, water and electricity have become available again. During the nighttime, one grenade hit an apartment building. Footage includes: Bosnian government soldiers marching into Sanski Most, Bosnian government Commander Atif Dudakovic redrawing the map of Bosnia, and refugees fleeing Sanski Most. --SLO1 (Slovenian W/SCB voiceover): Matej ©urc reports on developments in relations between Yugoslav Serbs and Bosnian Serbs. Bosnian Serbs asked Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic for help, to which he replied that no help would come until Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his men are in power. The Milosevic opposition has accused him of sending Serbian police force to halt Bosnian Serbs from entering Yugoslavia. Bosnian Serb General Milan Gvero is cited as stating that Bosnian Serbs would not be satisfied with losing territories if the Bosnian Croat/Muslim federation does not return previous Bosnian Serb territories. Other footage includes: Milosevic getting off airplane, Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb Parliament President Momcilo Krajisnik, and Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic at a meeting, soldiers standing around a tank, soldiers cleaning their guns. - HRT (English W/SCBsubtitles): Originally done by CNN Newsroom, Jackie Shymanski details issues surrounding the peace agreement. While Bosnian Serb authorities agreed to the cease-fire, Bosnian Croat forces managed to capture Mrkonjic Grad, and a key road which links them to the Bosnian government army. As a result of the Bosnian Croat/Muslim offensive, thousands of Bosnian Serb refugees are fleeing towards Banja Luka. Bosnian Serb para-military troops have expelled around 10.000 Bosnian Muslims, most of whom are women, children, and the elderly from Bosnian Serb territory. Footage includes: Republika Srpska Foreign Minister Aleksa Buha in a meeting with the Head of the UN Mission Antonio Pedauye (sp), Sarajevan men celebrating the functioning of the utilities, Bosnian Muslim refugees in Northern Bosnia, and Bosnian Croat forces in Mrkonjic Grad. Statements are made by: Antonio Pedauye (sp), and UN High Commissioner for Refugees Kris Janowski. - HRT (English W/SCB subtitles): This broadcast was originally produced by SKY News. Peter Sharp reports on the failed attempt of UNHCR trucks to enter Gorazde due to mines on the road. In the same night the peace agreement went into effect, a grenade hit an apartment building. There is growing concern among humanitarian organizations regarding the hundreds of thousands of refugees which have been driven from their homes. A statement is made by UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Kris Janowski, and International Red Cross Representative John Sparrow. Footage includes: trucks moving through Sarajevo, UN soldiers inspecting the bombed apartment, refugees in a gym hall, and refugees fleeing on an unidentified road. - HRT (SCB): This broadcast was produced by TV VUKOVAR. The broadcast states that the October 16, 1995 negotiation meeting between delegations from Croatia, Republika Srpska, and international mediators will be rescheduled. - HRT (German W/SCB voiceover): Originally produced by ZDF HEUTE. Ariane Vuckovic reports on the aftermath of the self-defense NATO bombing of Bosnian Serb targets. She then outlines the peace prospects for Bosnia. HRT (SCB): Originally produced by RTS, this broadcast shows a statement by Serbian opposition leader Vuk Draskovic regarding the actions all Serb republics should take in order to eventually unite. - EURONews: This "No Comment" broadcast was recorded near Krasulje (sp) on October 3, 1995. Footage includes: soldiers running through fields and firing heavy artillery. The second "No Comment" was recorded in Kiseljac (sp), road to Sarajevo on October 4, 1995. This broadcast shows UN soldiers building a makeshift bridge. - HRT (SCB voiceover): Originally made by France's TF1, this report discusses the upcoming peace negotiations. The main concern for Sarajevo is the re-installment of gas and water power, and the reopening of the road to Gorazde. The fighting has continued in the countryside, with Arkan and his para-military units having been seen in Western Bosnia. President of the Bosnian government, Alija Izetbegovic, is cited as stating that the fighting will continue until October 9, 1995. British and Canadian UN troops will also be replaced by a 5000 strong multinational force. Statements are made by two Sarajevo women. Footage includes: Sarajevans watching a Clinton speech, a man in a wheelchair, people walking in Sarajevo streets, people filling up water jugs, children carrying jugs of water, Arkan directing his tanks, and UN soldiers loading their trucks. - HRT (English W/SCB voiceover): Originally produced by BBC World, this report discusses increased fighting where each side it trying to grab as much territory as possible before the cease-fire. Diplomatic Correspondent Brian Hanrahan explains that while the Bosnian Serbs are advancing towards the Kljuc area, Croatian forces have been crossing the Bosnian border in order to help out their Bosnian Croat allies. Statements are made by Radovan Karadzic and Zeljko Raznjatovic-Arkan. Footage includes: Bosnian soldiers fighting in a forested area, and Bosnian soldiers riding on tanks. - HRT: This brief report states that Karadzic has been visiting Bosnian Serb troops in order to reaffirm his leadership. In a brief interview clip he is shown stating that accusations of him being a war criminal are laughable. Footage includes Karadzic looking over maps with Bosnian Serb military commanders. - HRT (October 8, 1995): Elizabeta Gojan reports on the increased fighting going on before a cease-fire comes into effect. The most intense fighting has been around Kljuc and Mrkonjic Grad. Two Bosnian Serb attacks on an area near the Zivinice refugee camp resulted in the death of11 people. Sarajevo is still lacking water, gas, and electricity. Footage includes workers trying to rebuild the electric and water power, and wounded civilians being taken care of after the shelling. - CNN: Jackie Shymanski reports on incidents of Bosnian Serb shelling of refugee camps. Ten civilians were killed and 34 wounded after Zivinice refugee camp was shelled. At a nearby refugee collection point one person was killed and six people were wounded. The UN called in for close air support by NATO warplanes to target for Bosnian Serb heavy weaponry. She also reports on the shelling of Tesanjka, where two children were killed and 50 civilians wounded. Around 35.000 Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Muslims were expelled from Bosnian Serb territories. Statements are made by: UN Spokesman Jim Landale, and UNHCR Spokesman Chris Janowski. - HRT (FRENCH W/SCB subtitles): Originally produced by French TV5, this broadcast reports on the shelling of the Bosnian Muslim refugee camps in Zivinice and Tesanjka, and the increased fighting among all three sides. A statement made by Alija Izetbegovic is cited. Other footage includes Bosnian soldiers firing artillery shells. - HRT (English W/SCB subtitles): This report was originally produced by SKY News. Brian Thompson reports on the escalation of fighting as all three sides are trying to grab more land before the cease-fire. One refugee camp near Tuzla was shelled, resulting in the death of six people, and the wounding of ten. A NATO mission to destroy Bosnian Serb heavy artillery was aborted due to bad weather. In a brief statement, Karadzic states that he hopes America will be able to bring about peace and stop the Bosnian Muslim sabotage of the peace process. Other footage includes: Karadzic toasting his troops, heavy artillery being fired, a man trying to get his gas burner to work, and civilians pumping water. - HRT: Ante Ivankovic reports on the Bosnian Croat takeover of Mrkonjic Grad from Bosnian Serb forces. Bosnian Serb forces left much heavy artillery behind and suffered many casualties while withdrawing. A statement is made by an unidentified Bosnian Muslim Mrkonjic Grad native. Footage includes: Bosnian Croat forces firing heavy artillery, Bosnian Croat forces riding on tanks and marching into the city. - HRT: Goran Rotim reports that life in Sarajevo is getting back to normal. Electricity, gas, and water installations are functioning again. The city also received a shipment of gas from Russia. In the area of Kljuc, fighting between Bosnian Serb and Bosnian government forces increased. According to an anonymous source, the whole area of the Una-Sana district will be liberated by Bosnian government forces. A Norwegian UN soldier died, and several other were wounded, after two grenades hit the UN base near Tuzla. According to UNHCR reports, around 4000 Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Muslim were driven out from the Banja Luka area, and arrived in Bistricak, near Zenica.10.000 more refugees are expected in the following days. Cited is a statement made by Hans Karsing, Norwegian UN Deputy Commander. Footage includes: Sarajevo citizens lighting their stoves with the newly-arrived gas, an older woman walking with the help of two soldiers, a soldier carrying an older man on his back, and refugees getting on a truck. - HRT (October 10, 1995): The report shows the unearthing of a mass grave found near the former JNA base in Petrinje, Croatia. According to the report, the 40 massacred Petrinja civilians were Croats who stayed behind after the area fell under control of the Krajina Serb forces. Statements are made by: Forensic Expert Dr. Henry Lee, and Croatia's Vice-President Dr. Ivica Kostovic. - HRT: Marija Dumic reports on the unearthing of a three person grave in the Kupres area. It is assumed these bodies are of Croat soldiers shot in 1992. She then reports on another mass grave in the Kupres area, where another 34 bodies were found. A statement is made by Michael Badel, Director of Forensic Science for the state of New York. - HRT (English W/SCB voiceover): This report was originally done by BBC World. Jonathan Birchall reports on the large extent of ethnic cleansing in Bosnian Serb held territories in Northern Bosnia. The report states that around half a million Bosnian Muslims lived in Northern Bosnia, but that only 30.000 remain. According to refugee statements, Bosnian Muslims from the Sanski Most area were driven out after the arrival of Zeljko Raznjatovic-Arkan and his forces (Arkan's Tigers). A statement regarding the expulsion of non-Serb Bosnians is made by Ron Redmond, UNHCR Spokesman in Geneva. Other footage includes: Bosnian Muslim refugees arriving and getting settled in a field near Zenica, and BBC Library footage of Arkan giving a statement and his forces in action. - HRT: Zdravko Strizic reports on the unearthing of a mass grave found near the former JNA base in Petrinje. According to the report, the victims were killed between September 22 and September 28, 1991. The report also shows Michael Badel and Dr. Henry Lee at work. Statements are made by: Mijo Mladjenovic, survivor of the Petrinja massacre; Davor Strinovic, Forensic Expert; Colonel Mladen Pezelj, Head of the Department for deceased soldiers of the Croatian Army; and Ivan Grujic, President of the Government Commission for imprisoned and disappeared persons. - HRT (October 11,1995): Ante Ivankovic reports on the activities taking place the second day after the Bosnian Croat forces took over Mrkonjic Grad. The report shows a congratulatory speech made by Vladimir ©oljic, defense minister for Croatia and Herceg-Bosna. Other statements are made by: Operation "Juzni Potez" Spokesperson Colonel Josko Bonacin. Footage included: Croatian forces in Mrkonjic Grad. - HRT: Goran Rotim reports that the Bosnian government army and Bosnian Croat forces (HVO) recaptured the areas of Sanski Most and Trnovo. Aside from Arkan's forces fighting around Kljuc, Bosnian Serb forces were inactive during the day. Arkan gives a statement regarding battles around Kljuc. Footage includes: Bosnian government and Bosnian Croat soldiers in action, a soldier cleaning his gun. - HRT (October 11, 1995): This broadcast was originally produced by SRT. The city of Banja Luka war council ordered all schools to be closed, and prohibited all public functions due to increased fighting around the area. Bosnian Serb and Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government forces in the Manjaca and Sanski Most region have increased their fighting. All Bosnian Serb forces were put under alert by their military headquarters, particularly in the regions of Banja Luka, Prijedor, Novi Grad, and Sanski Most. The report is cut off. Footage includes Bosnian Serb soldiers in a field. - SRT: This broadcast reports on the fifth-year anniversary commemoration of the Serbian Volunteer Guard (Srpska Dobrovoljacka Garda). The report gives a brief history how the guard was formed. The Guard's leader was not present as he was on the Bosnian frontlines. - HRT: This broadcast contains Bosnian Serb Commander General Ratko Mladic giving a short interview regarding the presence of UN Rapid Reaction Forces in the area of Sarajevo. - HRT (FRENCH W/SCB subtitles): Originally produced by TV5, this report discusses the role of NATO and the international community, and its future in Bosnia. Footage includes: UN soldiers taken as hostages by Bosnian Serb forces, US Congress voting a measure, British UN soldiers leaving Gorazde, refugees in flight on tractors, Alija Izetbegovic in a meeting, and Radovan Karadzic walking into a building. Report is cut off. - HRT: This broadcast was originally produced by RTS. It contains a phone interview with Ratko Mladic who discusses issues surrounding his meeting with NATO General Jeanvieux (sp). - HRT: This broadcast was originally produced by RTS. Miroslav Lazanski, Political Commentator for "Politika," comments on the NATO bombing of Bosnian Serb military targets. - ARD (German): This broadcast reports o
    Bosnian language, English, Beta SP, 60 min
    visual, Hungarian

  489. Various News Reports: Primarily from Bosnian Serb TV (report)
    This tape contains various reports done by RTSB2. RTSB2: Sanja Eric reports on the continued fighting in Western Bosnia between the 5th corps of the BiH Army and supporters of Fikret Abdic (leader of the autonomous province of Western Bosnia). Abdic's forces defeated the BiH army by Todorovo village (near Cazine). Both sides suffered casualties. The first newspaper of Western Bosnia printed the proclamation of the official province. Interviewed is Fikret Abdic, President of Western Bosnia, who details the plans for creating the autonomous province of Western Bosnia. The division between the supporters and opponents of Izetbegovic is growing, particularly because increasing numbers of soldiers are deserting Bosnian government forces. Alija Izetbegovic toured the Zenica region, but this only widened the gap between his and Fikret Abdic's supporters. In Zenica, thousands of Bosnian Muslim refugees (supporters of Alija Izetbegovic) are trying to introduce a lifestyle according to the Shariat (sp, refers to strict Islamic laws), which goes against beliefs of the local population.. A statement is made by Dubravko Derk. Other footage included: HTV- statement by Dubravko Derk, SKY News-Soldiers rolling down a hill (Bosnia government forces ?), a Bosnian Muslim funeral, street merchants in Velika Kladusa, the inside of a destroyed apartment, and Izetbegovic in camouflage visiting Tuzla. RTS2: Miroslav Gligorevic reports on the fighting in the Gornji Vakuf area between Bosnian Croats and Bosnian government forces. Included is a HTV segment where a Bosnian Croat soldier makes a brief statement. Also included is a Bosnian TV segment where it is stated that Croatian Defense Council and Croatian army forces have been bombing Bosnian government forces. Gligorevic further states that Bosnian government forces are held responsible for killing two Catholic priests (Friar Nikica Milisevic and Friar Joza Mihic) in Fojnica after Bosnian Croat forces launched an offensive on Bosnian government soldiers. Smiljko ©agolj highlights the condition of a hospital for the mentally retarded in Fojnica. It was the pictures from this hospital that forced UN's General Secretary Butros Gali to reinstate humanitarian aid to this region. In Zagreb, Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic met with Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, Mato Granic, and Mato Boban. A brief statement is made by a Bosnian Croat soldier, a UN tank, and Red Cross trucks. Footage includes: blood on the streets in Gornji Vakuf (?), destroyed houses, soldiers firing a machine gun, people in empty streets of Fojnica, trenches dug by the Bosnian government forces, Franjo Tudjman shaking hands with Haris Silajdzic; TV BiH footage-report on Bosnian Croat attacks upon Bosnian government positions, destruction of the old bridge in Mostar. RTS2: This report discusses the failed alliance between Alija Izetbegovic's Bosnian government forces and Bosnian Croat Ustasha formations. The report shows numerous graffiti's pointing to a Bosnian Croat-Bosnian Muslim alliance. A brief history is given of Alija Izetbegovic's sympathizing of the Ustasha ideology. While Bosnian Muslims identified with the Ustasha at first, they eventually became targets of Ustasha attacks. Other footage includes TVBiH footage: Alija Izetbegovic and his men standing in front of a gravestone;: destroyed old houses, burned down cars, burned up bodies (?), HTV footage: Bosnian Muslim (?) soldiers, many of them wearing green head scarves HRT: Originally produced by RTSNS, this broadcast contains an interview with Dr. Radovan Karadzic. Karadzic discusses the politics of Germany within the Bosnian war.
    Producer: RTSB2 (Bosnian Serb TV) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 12 min
    no disc in container
    TV BiH: A Year After-Special about BiH Army (report)
    n/a
    Producer: TVBiH Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP
    same ad several times

  490. Various News Reports - Part 9 (report)
    Mostly in German. Programs from the German TV station VOX, ARD1, N-TV, 3SAT, and other stations: SKY, TF1, HTV, HTV-TV5.
    Germany/German language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA 624; Beta and VHS

  491. Fleeing from Sarajevo/Der Fluch von Sarajevo (documentary film)
    A comprehensive historical account of the federation of the former Yugoslavia and its begginings. Tito's rise to power focused upon in extreme detail and the aftermath of World War II: trials, political restructuring, etc.
    Director: Thomas Hausner; Producer: Bavarian TV Germany/German language; 1993, Beta SP, 56 min
    BA625; Beta and VHS

  492. Various News Reports - Part 10 (report)
    War news.
    Germany/French language, German, Beta SP, 62 min
    BA626; Beta and VHS

  493. Insanity. Yugoslavia: The Prisoners, the Children, the Women/Der Wahnsinn. Jugoslawien: Die Gefangenen, die Kinder, die Frauen (documentary film)
    Producer: Christoph von Hennet, ZDF Germany/German language; 1993, Beta SP, 28 min BA627; Beta and VHS; begins 4 minutes into the tape
    Various News Reports - Part 11 (report)
    German TV (ARD or ZDF?): This report details the skepticism for the possibility of Bosnian Serbs, Bosnian Muslims, and Bosnian Croats living together in peace in Sarajevo. A brief statement is made by a young man. Footage includes: a long pool of blood on a street, and a young woman laying in a hospital bed. This report is cut off. Needs German translation.
    HRT (?): This report details life in Sarajevo by focusing on the Bosnian Muslim Filipovic family, whose father is one of the Bosnian negotiators in Genf. Several family members describe their living conditions and how the war has affected them. Statements are made by: Nada Filipovic, the mother who gives a brief description of her WWII experience; Dr. Amir Filipovic, a philosopher who explains how he and his family find strength to go on; Dr. Ifet Filipovic, cardiologist at a Sarajevo hospital; Dr. Dragan Stefanovic, a Bosnian Serb cardiologist working with Ifet Filipovic: and Gordana Laketa, a Filipovic family neighbor. Footage includes: Amir, Gordana and another neighbor fixing a window, Nada Filipovic making bread, Amir collecting snow for water, Amir chopping wood, Ifet checking up on his patients, Gordana and Amir visiting a friend’s gravesite, and an empty graves site.
    HRT (?): This report details the efforts of the Croatian Police to halt the smuggling of weapons occurring in Croatia. The report focuses on a particular incident in Josipdol, where Vinko Mareskovic, commander of the Josipdol police station, and Damir Galic, a Jospidol policeman were caught with loading illegal weapons onto a truck. Statements are made by: Marijan Benko, Head of the Criminal Division of the Croatian Ministry of Internal Affairs; Zdravko Zidovec, Assistant to the Criminal Division of the Croatian Ministry of Internal Affairs; and Smiljan Reljic, Assistant to the Criminal Division of the Croatian Ministry of Internal Affairs.
    German TV (ARD or ZDF?): This report focuses on the results of ethnic cleansing, which are large numbers of refugees, and men and women being held in camps. A statement regarding the abuse she suffered is made by an unidentified rape victim. Footage includes: refugees housed in a former gym, Manjaca (?) camp, photos of crying women, an empty house. The report is cut off.
    German TV (ARD or ZDF): The following report is in German, but it is cut off. It shows Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic giving a statement into a UN microphone.
    German TV (ARD or ZDF)?: This report gives an insight into the conflict in Kosovo. Albanians have been fired from government positions, and their standard of living has dropped sharply; hence, Kosovo could easily explode, the report notes. The report then goes into explaining the conflict between Macedonia and Greece regarding Greece's desire for Macedonia to change her name. The report also briefly mentions that young nationalists, such as Giorgievski (sp), could pose possible trouble. The report is then cut off. Footage includes: a Kosovo Albanian being kicked and beaten by Serbian policemen,1981 Kosovo protests for autonomy, 1989 protests by Kosovo Albanians, policemen throwing tear gas (?), Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov at the independence celebration from September 18, 1991, a demonstration against the EU in Macedonia, and Giorgievski giving a speech.
    TVE (Spanish TV): Needs Spanish translation. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb Commander Ratko Mladic walking up the stairs of a Pale building with several of his soldiers, Radovan Karadzic giving a statement to TV5, and a January 19, 1993 meeting of the Republika Srpska Parliament, Radovan Karadzic speaking in front of the parliament.
    ARD-January 20, 1993: Friedhelm Brebeck reports from the January 19, 1993 Republika Srpska meeting where the Bosnian Serb parliament voted for measures proposed in the Genf plan. Cited is a statement made by Radovan Karadzic during the Parliament session. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb Parliament President Momcilo Krajisnik addressing the Parliament.
    ARD (January 20, 1993): The announcer gives a brief report regarding the military advances of the Bosnian government army in the area of Srebrenica.
    TF1: Needs French translation.
    HRT (?): Vlado Konstantinovic reports on the "Dortmund Initiative," a group made up of Muslims, Serbs, and Croats who are residing in Dortmund, Germany. The report outlines the group's plans for trying to find a solution together, and their attempts of trying to break through media propaganda. The report also mentions the difficulties the group is experiencing as ethnic hatreds have been transferred from the territories of the former Yugoslavia, into the minds of Serbs, Croats, and Muslims living in Germany. The report is cut off. Statements are made by two unidentified former Yugoslavs, one of them Muslim, who are now living in Germany. Footage includes: Croats and Serbs demonstrating against each other in the streets of Germany, and an unsuccessful meeting between the three ethnic groups living in Germany.
    HRT (?): This report begins by giving a description of the tragedy the war brought along for Sarajevo, also noting that despite the tragedy Sarajevans remain hopeful. The report then shows how a Sarajevo family made up of grandparents and their grandchild feed themselves by eating pigeons. Footage includes: soldiers firing heavy artillery, a cameraman getting shot in the hand, a burning building in Sarajevo, a Bosnian Muslim funeral with several caskets lined up, a group of civilians running through the streets, a street corner getting hit by a shell, a picture of a white dove with "Peace" written on it, and an empty store.
    HTV: This report contains an interview with reporter Tony Birtley who describes a UN evacuation of civilians. He describes the desperation of mothers who were lifting their children in the hope that someone in the trucks would take them. Birtley notes that the evacuation was left over to the local authorities, and that only 17 UN soldiers were there. The interview is cut off. A statement is made by an unidentified woman. Footage includes: an older woman clinging onto a UN truck, and a soldier around the civilians shooting into the air.
    RTS (B1): This report includes answers given by Belgrade citizens regarding the Vance-Owen peace plan, and the sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia . Statements are made by: five unidentified women, and three men.
    RTS (B1): This is a brief broadcast which reports on the UN finding of burned (Bosnian ?) bodies of Muslims, killed by Croat forces in the town of Vitez. This report is cut off.
    ARD: Peter Dudzik begins his broadcast by reporting on an overnight protest held by monarchy loyalists in Serbia. He points out that even though it was expected that this movement would bring about an all out-Serb rebellion, the opposition was not strong enough. Cited is a statement made by opposition leader Vuk Draskovic. The report then shifts to Sarajevo where the discussion includes French President Francois Mitterand's visit to Sarajevo, the opening of the airport for that event, and a brief historic background into Milosevic's nationalism. Footage includes: protesters sleeping in a Belgrade street, an empty Sarajevo outdoor market, Radovan Karadzic looking over Sarajevo, a mosque being shot at, a cameraman at the Sarajevo airport being told to stop filming, and UN soldiers taking care of wounded.
    German TV: Pit Schnitzler reports from Belgrade about ongoing demonstrations for Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic to step down. He states that a combination of the Bosnian Croat offensive in Bosnia, and the inflationary economy could contribute to Milosevic stepping down from power. He briefly details the economic situation in Yugoslavia. Footage includes: Opposition leader Vuk Draskovic with other protest leaders, people laying on the streets, and an open market in Belgrade.
    3SAT: This report is in regard to the Belgrade protests against Milosevic, although it is hard to make out the context because the report is missing the beginning and the end.
    Germany/German language, Beta SP
    BA628; Beta and VHS
    BA629; end of report; the first part is on OSA # 486; languages German and French (report)
    Refugees and the war in Bosnia-Hercegovina: Sarajevo, Zvornik, Foca; shelling and sniper activity.
    Massacre in the Tuzla area.
    French language, German, Beta SP
    BA629; end of report; the first part is on OSA # 486; languages German and French

  494. Report from Dobrinja by Milan Trivic (report)
    Report tells the story of two families and how they are affected by the war. The first family lost the father to a sharpshooter, leaving the mother to fend for herself with her young daughter. This family was previously filmed, with the father still alive, after the daughter was wounded by a sharpshooter (what's the # of that tape?). The second story is a of bride whose groom was shot just before the wedding. The footage is of the family's grim reality of having to turn a wedding into a funeral. Most of the footage was shot with a home camera by Milan Trivic, a journalist.
    Producer: 3Sat Germany/German language, Beta SP
    BA630; Beta and VHS; 2nd Part only
    Various News Reports - Part 12 (report)
    Refugees and the war in Bosnia-Hercegovina: Sarajevo, Zvornik, Foca; shelling and sniper activity.
    Massacre in the Tuzla area.
    German language, French, Beta SP, 35 min
    BA629; beginning of report; the secondt part is on OSA # 485.

  495. Various News Reports - Part 13 (report)
    ARD: Thomas Reimer reports on a peace agreement signed between Bosnia's three warring factions in Genf, Switzerland. Bosnian Serb forces are to remove their heavy weapons and Bosnian government forces are to put their heavy weapons under UN control. Karadzic refused to negotiate until an investigation of the marketplace massacre was officially conducted. Cited are statements made by: Bosnian Parliament President Haris Silajdzic, Croatian Delegation Representative Mile Akmadzic, and Serbian leader Radovan Karadzic. ARD: "Five Rings Around Sarajevo - 10 Years After The Olympic Games" is a documentary done by Friedhelm Brebeck. Brebeck compares the Olympic Sarajevo of 1984 to the war-torn Sarajevo of 1994. He interviews Sarajevans about their memories of the Olympic Sarajevo and what it all meant to them. Interviews are conducted with former Olympic Committee members, the contestants during the 1984 games, two Olympic athletes nominated to compete in the Littlehammer games, and several Sarajevo citizens. Interviewed are the following people: Ahmet Jazic, 70 years old, carried the Olympic baton in 1984; Ibrahim Zildzo, tourist guide; Ugljesa Uzelac, Vice-President of the Olympic Organization Committee and mayor of Sarajevo during the Olympics; Ahmed Karabegovic, General Secretary of the Olympic Organizational Committee; Zijad Mehic, TV editor; Bosnian Serb Commander Kojic; Jure Franko, Slovene national who won a silver medal for Yugoslavia in the 1984 games; a Serbian ski instructor; Suad Karajic, former Olympic tobbogan team member; Slavenko Likic, speed skater, nominated to represent Bosnian in the Littlehammer games; Igor Boras, bobcat runner, nominated to compete in Littlehammer (the UN was unable to get him and Slavenko Likic out of Sarajevo in order to compete in Littlehammer); Dalida and Bojan Hadzihalovic, computer designers; Juan Antonio Samaranch, and five unidentified Sarajevo men. Footage includes: 45.000 people standing in the Olympic stadium commemorating the death of Tito (?), entrance of the Yugoslav Olympic team in 1984, the Olympic stadium in 1994 (turned into the largest graveyard with 10.000 graves), the destroyed Zetra Ice skating ring (turned into a garage for French foreign legion vehicles), destroyed Skenderija building with a "Sniper Beware" sign in front of it, 1984 Plympic hockey game, an Iman calling out for prayer, old-town Sarajevo in winter time, people standing around puddles of blood at the beginning of the armed conflict, a truck being shot at and setting fire, policemen carrying a wounded person in a blanket, a wounded man dragging himself to cover, destroyed Opympic museum, destroyed Holiday Inn hotel, "Evropa" hotel, Sarajevo outdoor market in winter time. Included are two ARD reports done in 1984 prior to the Olympics. One broadcast reported how other Yugoslav republics and businesses have not been helping out financially in organizing the Sarajevo games. The other reports gives an outline of why the Serbian people are not too involved in organization of the games, particularly focusing on the economic crisis in the whole of Yugoslavia. ZDF: Bernhard Richte reports on weapons deals being struck between Yugoslavia and Russia. Russia is reported to have sent $360 million worth of weapons to Krajina Serb forces. Secret negotiations between Russian and Krajina Serb representatives were conducted in Bulgaria and Romania. Russia is also to aid with the education of Bosnian Serb forces, some of which have Kozacks in their lines. ZDF: The following broadcast reports that Croatia has blocked a weapons delivery to Bosnian Muslim forces in Bosnia. Report is cut off. ZDF: Ulrich Friedler reports on the general depression in Belgrade, caused by the war, the failed economy, and high unemployment. The focus lies on Belgrade University students and the "Women in Black Against War." After the unsuccessful student protests in 1992, the opposition has been silenced and the Women in Black remain the only visible opposition the Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. Statements are made by: three unidentified Belgrade men, two unidentified University students, film director Irfan Mensur, and an unidentified "Woman in Black" representative. Footage inlcudes: Belgrade University, and lines in front of a Belgrade bank; RTS/B1 footage of soldiers raising the Serbian flag. German TV: Report is cut off. It details the Bosnian Serb response to the Bosnian Croat/Muslim offensive. Footage included: grenades hitting buildings, Bosnian Serb tanks, and Bosnian Serb soldiers getting into a tank. ARD: This reports is cut off. It contains an interview with a Bosnian Serb commander. RTSNS footage: soldiers walking past a house in winter time. ARD: This report is cut off. This broadcast is an interview with Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic where he addresses the peace negotiations. FRANCE2: This report needs French translation. Footage includes: Vojislav Seselj in the Yugoslav parliament, Zeljko Raznjatovic-Arkan and his soldiers cleaning their weapons, Slobodan Milosevic shaking hands with Cyrus Vance, Radovan Karadzic getting off a plane and TVBiH footage of JNA army trucks. 3SAT (00:55:00-to end of tape): The last part of the tape conainst part of the "Wedding in Sarajevo" documentary done by Milan Trivic. The full report is on tape 630.
    Producer: ARD1, ZDF, B1, ARD, F2, 3SAT German language, French, Beta SP
    BA631;on Beta and VHS.
    Report from Dobrinja by Milan Trivic (report)
    Report tells the story of two families and how they are affected by the war. The first family lost the father to a sharpshooter, leaving the mother to fend for herself with her young daughter. This family was previously filmed, with the father still alive, after the daughter was wounded by a sharpshooter (what's the # of that tape?).
    The second story is a of bride whose groom was shot just before the wedding. The footage is of the family's grim reality of having to turn a wedding into a funeral. Most of the footage was shot with a home camera by Milan Trivic, a journalist.
    Germany/German language, Beta SP, 10 min
    BA630; Beta and VHS; 2nd pt. also on OSA 486.

  496. Various News Reports - Part 14 (report)
    ZDF: Sarajevo - Die Blockade Brockelt German-language documentary about life in Sarajevo under the Bosnian Serb blockade. Interviews with Sarajevan civilians. HTV: Actors of the "Nadrealisti" troup act out a peace signing. HTV: Parliament ARD: Report from Mostar. RTBF: War school in Sarajevo. ARD: The Sarajevo cathedral. Bosnian Serb soldiers prevent a UN convoy from delivering aid. HRT: Report on ethnic cleansing in Prijedor and Banja Luka. RTL: Statements by Sarajevo's children about the war. ARD: Report from Mostar. ZDF: Program about the Olympic city of Sarajevo from 1984-1994. TV5: Killings of Sarajevo civilians.
    Producer: Various German language, French, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA632; Beta and VHS.

  497. Various News Reports - Part 15 (report)
    Amateur footage from Gorazde, TV reports by SRT, HRT, B1.
    Producer: Various Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP
    BA633; Beta and VHS

  498. Nightline: Catch 22 - The Dilemma of Capturing Bosnia's War Criminals (news)
    n/a
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 13-Aug-1997, Beta SP, 21 min
    BA634; Beta and VHS

  499. Various News Reports from August 1995 (news)
    Report One-Outlines the results of negotiations between Krajina Serbs and Croatian government leaders in Geneva lead by UN envoy Thorvald Stoltenberg. While Krajina Serbs accepted it, Croatia is reported as having refused the proposed peace plan. Report Two-Milan Babic, President of Serbian Krajina, stated that Serbian Krajina is ready to begin negotiations with Croatia regarding a political solution. He stated that only a political solution can lead to lasting peace. He also noted that Croatia must demilitarize in the separation zone between Serbian Krajina and Croatia. Second part of the broadcast reports on the beginning of talks between Carl Bildt, EU envoy for the former Yugoslavia, and representatives of the Contact Group at the US State Department. Report Three-The report cites UN envoy Phillip Arnold, who reported that Knin has suffered great damage. Arnold's colleague, Susan Engel, has confirmed the destruction by stating that Croatian artillery has been firing at Knin. One of the grenades fell close to UN headquarters, killing seven civilians. UN Commander Andrew Lesley (sp) is also quoted as stating that the situation in Knin is very discouraging. The report further states TANJUG reported of a joint offensive between Croatian and Bosnian Muslim forces which have attacked the town of Gracac. Report Four-Report shows UN Spokesperson, Christopher Guinness confirming that Knin has been taken over by Croatian forces. The report also shows UN representative Atsushi Akashi explaining that the UN in Banja Luka, Bosnia is getting ready to intercept large numbers of Krajina Serb refugees. Akashi also states that Osijek was attacked by Croatian forces and that the possibility exists that NATO planes would come to protect UN forces. Report Five-The Serb Republic of Krajina is reported to have sent a letter to UN representative Yuri Yakutnik (sp) asking for help in the evacuation of 20.000 women, children, and the elderly from the region of Serbian Krajina to the Bosnian Serb Republic. The letter also asked for a guarantee that the refugees would have safe passage to Serbia. Report Six-Report briefly shows footage taken by WTN on the aftermath of the Croatian attack in Glina. According to TANJUG, Serbian forces managed to keep their positions on the Banija and Kordun front, the report states. Serbian military sources are cited as stating that fighting equipment from the Udbina area have been removed due to the danger of an attack. The report further states that Kozarska Dubica is under constant attack by Croatian forces. Report Seven-This report states that Serbian forces conducted a counter-attack on Croatian government forces in Osijek and Vinkovci after Croatian forces shelled the cities of Vukovar, Borovo Naselje, Darda, Beli Manastir, Tenje, Markusica, Pacetina, and Mirkovci. Report Eight- Zoran Brkic reports on 5000 Krajina Serb refugees who entered Serbia at the Pavloviceva ?uprija border crossing near ©abac. The report states that medical personnel is present, and that local businesses and people are helping with food and medicines. According to this report, six-hundred refugees were housed among families in ©abac. Report Nine-Tomislav Rakic reports on the arrival of 5000 Krajina Serb refugees in Loznica, Serbia. This report is similar to report eight. Statements are made by two women. Report Ten-Milovan Gacina reports on the several thousand refugees waiting the Sremska Raca border crossing. He states that approximately sixty vehicle cross the border in one hour. Statements are made by Vera Marinovic from the State Commission for Refugees, and Borisa Vukoje from the Vojvodina Red Cross. Report Eleven-Goran ?iric reports on the first group of refugees who arrived in Nis. The 45 women and children came from the Vukovar and Krajina areas. Report Twelve-According to the report, UNHCR has asked Croatian President Franjo Tudjman to provide a safe passage for10.000 Krajina Serbs and to halt the attacks on the refugees. The report states that the International Red Cross hopes that an air connection would be established between Krajina and Banja Luka. The reports also states that an estimated 150.000 Serb refugees are passing through Bosnia. Around 30.000 Krajina Serbs, and around 10.000 Bosnian Muslims found refuge near the UN headquarters in Topusko, Croatia (?). UN sources confirmed that Croat and Bosnian Muslim forces did stage attacks on the refugees, the report states. UNHCR sent 90.000 liters of gasoline to Northern Bosnia whose landscapes are dominated by long lines of refugee vehicles which often run out of gas. Report Twelve-This report cites a statement made by Milan Gvero, Commander of the Krajina Serb army, regarding the readiness of the Krajina Serbs to defend the Krajina area. Gvero is cited as stating that the decision of Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to replace Bosnian Serb Commander Ratko Mladic was an unreasonable decision and came out to Mladic's defense. Report Thirteen-Milan Markovic reports on the commemoration of the battle of Ivankovac in 1805 when Serb resistance fighters waged a battle and won against the Turkish army. Yugoslav President Zoran Lilic is shown making a statement regarding the situation of Serbian Krajina, particularly regarding Yugoslavia’s role in the conflict. Report Fourteen-A meeting between Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic and Spanish, Greek, and US diplomats took place in Belgrade. The report also states that three US envoys lost their lives after a helicopter crash on Mount Igman in Bosnia. Report Fifteen- US Senator Robert Carrey and JNA General Momcilo Perisic met in Belgrade to discuss military aspects on the territories of the former Yugoslavia. Report Sixteen-Aleksandar ?etkovic reports on the meeting between US Assistant Secretary Richard Holbrooke and Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic in Belgrade. Along with Secretary Holbrooke, representatives from the White House, the Pentagon, Chief of Staffs, and the State Department. Discussed were questions regarding the peace process, and the necessity for its continuation. Present were also Milan Milutinovic Yugoslavia Minister for Foreign Affairs, and Rudolf Perina, staff member of the US Embassy in Yugoslavia. A statements is made by Richard Holbrooke. Report Seventeen-This report is on NATO bombings of Bosnian Serb targets in Bosnia. The following areas were bombed: Sarajevo, Mostar, Srbinje, »ajnice, Pale, and Gorazde. The report also states that 10 civilians were wounded. TANJUG is also cited as reporting that 5 EU observers were killed in the attacks. Cited are statements by: NATO Commander in Naples Nino Pagietta(sp), NATO Spokesperson Jamie Shea (sp), and UN Spokesperson Chris Vernon. Footage available: NATO planes in the air, USS Roosevelt, NATO planes landing. EuroNews-infrared images of Sarajevo being bombed at night. Report Eighteen- The report is partially cut off. Discussed is the second day of the meeting between Milosevic and Holbrooke.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; Aug-1995, Beta SP
    BA635; NTSC master and PAL duplicate

  500. Tet-A-Tet: Nikola Barovic-Vojislav Seselj Debate (television program)
    n/a
    Producer: BK Television (Serbia) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 17-Jul-1997, Beta SP, 43 min
    BA636; NTSC master and PAL duplicate

  501. UNHCR In Ex-Yugoslavia (documentary film)
    Produced in October 1993 in Croatia and Bosnia. Osman Djipa and other Bosnian refugees in the island of Korcula, formerly held in Bosnian Croat-run detention camps, describes their experiences. About 511 ex-detainees in Korcula await resettlemnt in third countries. Pavo Kalauz (UNHCR field officer), assisting Bosnian refugees in Korcula, and Gerry Hulme (head of the UNHCR office in Medjugorje), describe UNHCR's operations in Bosnia and form. Yugoslavia. Footage included: refugee camp in Gasinci, various shots of refugees, refugee center in Split, medical center in Virovitica, where ECHO and Medicins du Monde provided a dialysis unit for for locals and refugees.
    Producer: UNHCR English language; 1993, Beta SP, 14 min
    BA637

  502. Glass Project, Sarajevo (documentary film)
    Shot in Slovakia and Bosnia (Maglaj, Tuzla and Sarajevo) in March 21-26, 1996. A UNHCR-sponsored glass project should provide windows for 36,000 families in Sarajevo. The first organized repatriation of Bosnian refugees also featured. Bosnian refugees who lived in Gabcikovo, Southern Slovakia, return back to Bosnia. Ifa Ibisevic returned to Maglaj and Sadika Hrnic to Tuzla. Sadika's family reunion in Tuzla is shown. Huso Hrnic, Sadika's husband, describes his feelings during the period of separation from his family. Footage includes: warehouse in Sarajevo, various shots of UNHCR glass project in Sarajevo, Bosnians returning home from Slovakia, Hrnic family in their home.
    Producer: UNHCR English language; 1996, Beta SP, 9 min
    BA638

  503. In Bosnia, One Year after Dayton, Spanish Interview (report)
    Shot in Sarajevo, Tuzla, Zenica and Banja Luka, in Nov. 25-30, 1996. Bosnian refugees from Macedonia are shown returning to Sarajevo. Among them is the Velagic family, reunited for the first time in 4 years; they speak about their experiences. Statements by UNHCR staff, Randolph Ryan, spokesman, Carrol Faubert, Special Envoy, Joaquin Gonzalez-Aleman, Spokesman in Zenica, and Sadako Ogata, High Commissioner for Ref. included. Footage featured shows: Sarajevo, destroyed villages in Bosnia, the IFOR base in Brcko, Tuzla, a frontline village near Brcko, refugees arriving to Sarajevo airport, reconstruction in Seljubise, Godina and Sarajevo, a UNHCR bus leaving Zenica and arriving in Banja Luka.
    Producer: UNHCR English language, Spanish; 1996, VHS, 9 min
    [Restricted] BA639.

  504. The Slavonia Saga (report)
    Shot in E. and W. Slavonia, in Nov. 25-30,1996. E. Slavonia fell under the Serb control in 1991, an occassion which caused about 80,000 residents of Croatian nationality to flee to Croatia proper. Sixty thousand Serbs ran in other direction and settled in E. Slavonia side by side with the original Serb residents. Four women, from each of the ethnic groups in the region--some of whom are refugees and other are original residents--explain their experiences. UNHCR employees, Jim Worrall and Larry Fioretta, explain how they assist in facilitating a peaceful transition of power in the region. Footage included: UNTAES, Antunovac (E. Slavonia), Serb-marked house in Antunovac, Kusonje village in W. Slavonia, a mine field.
    Producer: UNHCR English language; 1996, Beta SP, 6 min
    BA640

  505. The Onset of Winter in Former Yugoslavia, November 1992 (report)
    Footage of destruction and market life in Sarajevo, Bosnian Red Cross center, people hoping to leave the city, plastic sheets to winterize houses loaded at the Sarajevo airport, Larry Hollingsworth (UNHCR logistics officer) travelling from the airport to Butmir to deliver aid to people who live close to frontlines, life in Butmir, Posusje in Bosnia on Croatian border, center where people who are evacuated from Sarajevo await entry permits, stadium in Posusje, food handout at refugee center, refugee camp Resnik (15 km from Zagreb) where 3,000 moslty Muslim refugees reside, ex-prisoners awaiting resettlement in a center in Karlovac. Statements by refugees from Sarajevo and Douglas Stafford, Deputy High Commissioner, featured .
    Producer: UNHCR English language; 1992, Beta SP, 9 min
    BA641

  506. Sarajevo Airlift (report)
    An interview with a C-130 pilot is featured who is about to take passengers to Sarajevo. UNHCR field officer provides information on the frequency of UNHCR flights into Sarajevo, how much food has been distributed to residents of the city, the vital importance of the airlift and the need to open land supply routes as well. Sadako Ogata and a delegation arrived in Sarajevo, greeted by Gen. Mackenzie. The footage includes: a meeting in the UNHCR office, Ogata's departure from Sarajevo, destruction of the residential areas near Sarajevo airport and UN soldiers at the Sarajevo airport. Captain Douglas Martin, PR Officer for the Canadian Batallion, discusses some of the problems (i.e. sniper, mortar, and artillery fire) that his soldiers face in a mission in Bosnia. A press statement by Sadako Ogata featured.
    Producer: UNHCR English language, VHS, 30 min
    BA642

  507. Children of War (report)
    Colin Finlay, California photographer, visited Sarajevo. Finlay delivered rolls of films and cameras, which were donated by Kodak and Canon, to the children of Sarajevo. Through the photography, Sarajevo children were asked to express how they were affected by the war in Bosnia and how their lives were changed as a consequence of the war. Finlay says that his goal is for the children to tell their story, of what they feel and what they went through. Lela, a teenage girl, takes the film crew to what used to be her school, showing them demolished rooms where classes are still being held. She and her girlfirends take the crew through the Sarajevo library and the cemetery. Alma, teenage girl, talks briefly about the Sarajevo library, stating that once it is reconstructed it will be beautiful again. Hamed, a teenage boy explains that the reason he returned to his destroyed city is becuase he believes in peace. An unidentified man and his wife are shown coming back to their destroyed apartment, and his frustration with not knowing where to begin their life. Other footage includes children walking through rubble and debree taking pictures, people running from sniper fire, and young boys playing war with toy guns.
    Producer: Fox News United States/English language; 29-May-1997, Beta SP, 7 min
    BA643; Beta and VHS

  508. The Killing Zone Report (incomplete) (documentary film)
    Produced in September 1997. NBC news team goes into Bosnia to look for the Bosnian Serbs who were accused for war crimes that they committed against the Bosnian Muslims in the Prijedor area. The report shows that the whole community and neighbors are protective of the indicted war criminals. A family member of an indicted war criminal says he didn't have anything to do with massacres committed. Other citizens claim that "Mirjan the Grocer" is not capable of committing massacres and similar crimes. Residents characterize indictments as unjust. The town helps the indictees to hide, with no intention of betraying them.
    Producer: NBC News United States/English language; 1997, Beta SP, 106 min
    BA644; on Beta and VHS

  509. Various Reports Focusing on Dario Kordic (report)
    n/a
    Producer: Croatian TV Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA645

  510. Celebrating 600 Years of the Kosovo Battle (political speech)
    Compilation of speeches and celebrations marking six hundred years of the Kosovo battle. An excerpt from Milosevic's speech at the Field of the Black Birds included. Other reports and speeches pertain to Knin, Sokolac-Knezina (08/13/89), Sarajevo (10/07/89; report on JNA training around Sarajevo), Kosovo (01/28/90; report on movement of JNA tanks throughout Kosovo), ©ipovo and Sarajevo (06/05/90), Srb and Banja Luka. Included are speeches by Radovan Karadzic, Jovan Raskovic's (at the time a member of the Socialist Party of Serbia).
    Producer: Serbian TV, BiH TV Yugoslavia/Serbian language/Subtitles: English, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA646

  511. Public Eye: Report about Janko Janjic, aka Tuta (report)
    This report follows a film crew with a hidden camera in their search for the indicted war criminals residing in Foca, East Bosnia. Led by a journalist from Belgrade, Gordana Egric, the group finds the criminals, Janko Janjic-Tuta, sitting at a cafe a few feet away from NATO soldiers. Melva Barlov, a Bosnian Muslim woman, talks about the numerous rapes and humiliation she and other Muslim women were subjected to. An anonymous Muslim woman describes Serb soldiers rampaging through Foca. A French NATO soldier explains in an interview that NATO is allowed to arrest war ciminals, but it does not look for them. Hrair Balian of the International Crisis Group explains the reasons for NATO's reluctance to arrest war criminals and the possible consequences of such inaction.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 15-Oct-1997, Beta SP, 10 min
    BA647; Beta and VHS

  512. Hidden Killers: The Menace of Landmines (documentary film)
    n/a
    Producer: Cloverleaf Productions United States/English language; 17-Sep-1997, Beta SP, 8 min
    BA648; Beta and VHS

  513. Frontline: The Lost American (documentary film)
    Biography of Fred Cuny, a disaster relief specialist, who has disappeared in Chechnya.
    Director: Foster Wiley; Producer: Sherry Jones for PBS United States/English language, Beta SP, 90 min
    BA649; Beta and VHS

  514. Trial Story: The Bosnia War Crimes Trial (documentary film)
    Court TV reporter Terry Moran focuses on the Hague Tribunal and the importance of prosecuting war criminals from the Bosnian war. A brief history of the conflict is given by explaining that ethnic hatreds were subdued under communism, and were then revived by ultra-nationalists in the late 1980's. According to the report, the war ended up costing 250,000 people their lives, and forced 2 million people to become refugees. The report explains that the Bosnian war coined the phrase "ethnic cleansing," which is most closely associated with the Bosnian Serb campaign in Northern Bosnia. It further states that in1993, after war crimes investigators returned from Bosnian with knowledge of nearly 400 camps (ran by all three factions) and with five volumes of alleged crimes, the UN set up the first War Crimes Tribunal - nearly fifty years after the Nuremberg Trials. The report explains that even though Dusko Tadic is the first war criminal to be tried in the Hague, the prosecution of the two leading Bosnian Serb men, Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic, both charged with genocide, will be crucial to the healing process in Bosnia. Tadic's biographical background is highlighted, explaining that before the war he was a cafe owner who welcomed Bosnian Muslim guests. As stated by the prosecution, it is then explained that in late May of 1992, Tadic helped in the rounding up of the Bosnian Muslims living in Kozarac when Bosnian Serbs took over. The report gives a chronology how Kozarac was taken over by the Bosnian Serb army. Hanna Greva, a Norwegian war crimes investigator, is shown stating that 43.000 Bosnian Muslims and 3000 Bosnian Croats were killed or forced to flee the Omarska area. Her statement is further detailed by saying that Bosnian Serbs launched an open anti-Bosnian Muslim/Croat propaganda campaign. Greva explains that the campaign was launched in such a way as to evoke past fears of concentration camps, such as Jasenovac, where half a million or more Serbs were slaughtered. Following Greva's testimony is a detailed analysis of the camp survivors' statements which have linked Tadic to the Omarska camp and the crimes that followed; 75 witnesses have placed Tadic at the scene of the crimes and a dozen of them testified to being tortured by him personally. Statements are given by the following victims: Mevludin Semenovic, Omarska survivor; Azra Blagovic, Bosnian Muslim doctor in Trnopolje; Nasija Klipic, resident of Kozarac; Nihad Seferovic, former friend of Tadic; Sanko (sp) Karabasic, saw his son being taken away by Tadic; Edin Merkal, Omarska survivor tortured by Tadic; Emir Begamovic, Omarska survivor tortured by Tadic; Mehmed Alic, survived WWII camps, Tadic took his son in away Omarska; Husein Hodzic, Omarska survivor; Halid Mujkanovic, Omarska survivor; and anonymous witnesses "H" and "L." The report then shows Tadic's testimony and the cross examination. Following Tadic's testimony and cross examination, the report explains the issues the prosecution will have to deal with which are to prove that persecution is a crime against humanity and that the Bosnian war was an international conflict. The report then shows the judges giving their verdict and conclusion. Tadic was found guilty of ethnic cleansing, of persecuting non-Serbs which includes beatings, torture, and killings, including the killings of two Bosnian Muslims in Kozarac. However, Tadic was found not guilty for the death of nine prisoners, including the death of a prisoner who was sexually mutillated in Omarska, and the death of his friend Emir Karabasic, the report states. Finally, the report analyzes the issues surrounding the appeal, the level of fairness of the trial, and the need to establish a permanent war crimes tribunal. Statements are made by: an unidentified refugee woman, three unidentified Omarska camp survivors, Nuremberg Trial Prosecutor Robert Jackson, IWCT Prosecutor Grant Niemann, Tadic's defense lawyer Michail Wladimiroff; Omarska survivors Dragan Lukic, Isak Gari, and Sujejman Tijic (sp); news reporter Edward Vulliamy, ICWT Prosecutor Alan Tieger, ICWT Prosecutor Brenda Hollis, Tadic’s Defense Attorney Steve Kay, ICWT Judge Gabrielle Mac Donald, Tadic's wife Mira Tadic, Tadic's co-workers Miroslav Brdar and Zeljko Maric, unidentified expert (?), media expert Thomas Dikeman (sp), IWCT Investigator Robert Reed, Tadic's former sister-in-law Sofija Tadic, and IWCT Chief Prosecutor Louise Arbour. Other footage includes: two wounded children being taken care of, Bosnian Muslim prayer being sung in Sarajevo (?), a burning house, people running away during a shooting, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic giving a speech, two wounded children being taken care of, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, Omarska camp, half-decomposed corpses lined up, Nuremberg trial footage, Auschwitz (?) footage, Trnopolje camp, Dusko Tadic and his brother in Germany, Hague Tribunal in session, Tadic standing trial in court, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic walking with Momcilo Krajisnik, Karadzic with Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic, Dayton Accords signing, pictures of Kozarac, Tadic's destroyed cafe, Soldiers firing shells, Bosnian Serb soldiers getting their weapons ready, masked Bosnian Serb (?) soldiers, footage of the para-military troop "Wolves" taking over a TV transmitter (also shown is Miro Mladenovic, executive editor of "Serbian Voice"), Jasenovac pictures and footage, a torture cable in Omarska, video footage of Tadic and Emir Karabasic at a party, room where Karabasic and Hodzic were held, the hangar where a man was sexually mutilated, streets of Banja Luka, photographs of Tadic and his family, refugees leaving, a soldier shooting form a bunker, Yugoslav President speaking at a SDS (Serbian Democratic Party) rally, destroyed houses in Kozarac, Tadic's mug shot after being arrested in Germany, cars lined up in front of a traffic checkpoint, marketplace massacre, Sarajevo being shelled, refugee women and children, Bosnian Muslim graveyard, Bosnian Muslim funeral, US forces in Bosnia, an Manjaca camp. NOTE: The Omarska and Trnopolje camp footage is scattered throughout the report.
    Producer: Court TV United States/English language, Beta SP, 46 min
    BA650; Beta and VHS

  515. News reports on the SDS Election Rallies in Banja Luka and other towns, 09/09/1996 (news)
    - An SRT broadcast of SDS rally held in Banja Luka on September 11, 1996. Featured are speeches by: Momcilo Krajisnik, President of the Parliament of Republika Srpska and Prof. Dr. Biljana Plavsic, Vice-President of the Parliament of Republika Srpska (45
    Producer: Bosnian Serb TV (SRT) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 11-Sep-1996, Beta SP
    BA 651; 2 Beta copies and 1 VHS copy

  516. Various News Reports - Part 16 (report)
    n/a
    Producer: HRT Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA652

  517. Various News Reports - Part 17 (report)
    This tape contains reports done by various news organizations. The majority of the reports has extremely bad audio quality.--SKY News: This ABC "Nightline" program was aired on January 26, 1996. Dave Marash explores mass graves found in the areas of Vozuca, Liubija, and Brcko, and the impact these have had on the local and international community. Marash points to the village of Cerna as an example of ethnic cleansing where the houses were left almost untouched, but whose population has been driven away or killed. Four graves were unearth near Cerna, in the area of Vozuca. As pathologist Dr. Izet Hodzic points out, thirteen cadaveours were found and seven other individuals are still missing. One of the local grave diggers, Sahbaz Abdamovic explains that half of the bodies were burned and beyond recognition. The bodies were found on property belonging to Safet Grzalic who explains that out of the 5000 people who lived in the Vozuca valley before the war, only 200 or 300 are left. The next grave Marash focuses on lies in the Liubija (sp) mine pits, where thousands of bodies are suspected to have been buried. This grave, Marash states, is believed to have been tied to the Keraterm temporary concentration camp. The report contains excerpts from interviews done by "Nightline" in November of1992 with three unidentified, and an anonymous Keraterm camp survivor. One of the unidentified survivors states that 122 men were killed in one single night. Near the town of Brcko another mass grave was found. Marash interviews Roy Gutman, a "Newsday" reporter, who explains that around 3000 Bosnian Muslim men were killed in a row of warehouses at the port of the river Sava. These warehouses served as a concentration camp. Gutman further notes that corpses taken to a local cattle feeding company were either ground up or burned. Marash finally focuses on the mass graves found near Srebrenica. He interviews US Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights John Shattuck on the scene of where around 2000 Bosnian Muslim men were killed after the Bosnian Serb takeover of Srebrenica. Marash finally gives a brief examination of NATO's response to the finding of mass graves throughout Bosnia.--Statements are made by: Allied Rapid Reaction Force Corps General Sir Michael Walker, Commander UK IFOR Brigade Brigadier Richard Dannatt, IFOR Spokesman Colonel Robert Gaylord, and Tribunal Prosecutor Justice Richard Goldstone. Other footage available: Bosnian Serb soldiers rolling into Srebrenica, Zoran Pertovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, UN Dutch headquarters in Potocari, destroyed houses and villages, TVBiH footage-General Leighton Smith appealing to NATO troops to help war crimes investigators and men digging up a mass grave, SRT footage-Admiral Smith appealing to NATO troops for help in the investigations. In the second part of the program Forrest Sawyer interviews War Crimes Tribunal Prosecutor Justice Richard Goldstone. Goldstone discusses the following issues: NATO's role in the investigations, the differences in mission of NATO and the Tribunal, the 56 indictments issued for alleged war criminals, and the accusations made against Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic. SKY News: Christopher Terry reports on a meeting between all Serbian leaders in the hopes of exchanging war criminals in return for the lifting of sanctions against Serbia. Red Cross records show that only 300 of the 900 POW's were released following the signing of the Dayton peace agreement. According to the report, the Bosnian government holds over 300, the Bosnian Serbs hold 180, and the Bosnian Croats hold 177 POW's. The report also touches upon the issue of war crimes by pointing out that many are believed to have been massacred after the fall of Srebrenica, and that many more thousand are buried in the Lubiza (sp) mine near Prijedor. The report also cites a statement made by Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic who stated that war criminals should not be extradited to the Hague, but tried in the Bosnian Serb Republic. A statement is made by Bosnian Foreign Minister Muhamed Sacirbey. Footage included: Karadzic greeting several men at a Christmas pork roasting in Belgrade, POW's lined up for release, and Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic greeting Karadzic in Pale. The report is followed by a phone interview of Jaksa Skekic who reports from Belgrade. He addresses the following issues: the meeting between Milosevic, Karadzic, and Mladic in Belgrade; mass graves; expected cooperation of the Serbian leaders with the International War Crimes Tribunal investigations. HRT: A very brief report showing Mr. Vladimir Soljic, Minister of Defense of HR Herceg-Bosna gives a statement regarding the recognition of the Croatian Defense Council fighters. HRT: This piece, originally done by BBC World, contains an interview with US Human Rights Envoy John Shattuck. Shattuck addresses the following issues: strength of the war crimes evidence, satellite pictures, cooperation of Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and local Bosnian Serb authorities in visiting the sites, the guarding of the sites, and cooperation of NATO forces stationed in Bosnia. HRT: This broadcast, originally produced by BBC World, is an interview conducted with Zoran Pajic, Professor of International Law at London University's Kings College, who discusses the following issues surrounding the War Crimes Tribunal: disagreements regarding war crimes, the role of IFOR forces in guarding mass grave sites, and the establishment of legitimacy of the Tribunal. BBC World: This broadcast analyzes the post-war situation in Mostar, which is divided into Eastern Mostar, populated by Bosnian Muslims, and West Mostar, populated by Bosnian Croats. The report gives a brief history of the animosities which existed between the two fractions and the later alliance against the Bosnian Serbs. Even though the population is working on rebuilding the city, deep animosities remain prevalent as each ethnic group works on rebuilding only their parts of town, and the population generally does not show a desire to unite Mostar again. Statement are made by Bosnian Croat Mayor Mjio Brajovic and Mufti of Mostar Hadzismail Smajkic. Footage includes: the destruction of Mostar's "Stari Most" bridge by Bosnian Croat forces, Bosnian Muslim men going into a Mostar mosque, outdoor market in Mostar, and TV MOSTAR footage: a Bosnian Croat parade on the Mostar stadium, including a Bosnian commander calling out to his "Ustasha" brothers. EURONews: This broadcast begins by stating that more evidence is found to explain the disappearance of 8000 Bosnian Muslim men after the fall of Srebrenica. The report gives a very brief history of the Tribunal, and then explains that of the 52 indicted men only a few are in the Tribunal's custody as NATO forces refuse to hunt down the accused war criminals. Footage included: Dusko Tadic entering the Hague courtroom, Manjaca camp, and Radovan Karadzic getting into a car in the States (New York perhaps?). EURONews: This short broadcast was originally produced by TVE (Spanish TV Channel). All the report state is that 30 mass graves were found around Bosnia and that investigators are given physical protection by the NATO peacekeepers. Footage included: one of the warehouses where the Srebrenica victims were killed, snow-covered fields where bodies are suspected to be laying, investigators collecting and sorting through remains of victims. EURONews: This broadcast was originally done by FRANCE2. This report is in reference to mass graves found around Srebrenica, but large parts of the report are inaudible. John Shattuck is shown giving a statement regarding to what is suspected to have happened to the Bosnian Serb men of Srebrenica. According to the report, the men who are suspected of having committed the killings, belong to the Drina Corps unit of the Bosnian Serb Army. An unidentified survivor of Srebrenica gives an inaudible statement. The report shows statements made by: IFOR Lieutenant Colonel Raymer, Sarajevo Envoy Laurent Boussie. Footage includes: a destroyed building in Srebrenica, snow-covered fields where bodies are suspected to be laying, and war crimes investigators looking at the snow-covered site. EURONews: This broadcast was produced by Portugal's RTP. The audio is very bad on this report. This report is in relation to a suspected mass grave in Liubija and the War Crimes Tribunal. It is stated that Karadzic and Mladic are the only known names of the 52 indicted war criminals. Footage includes: Ratko Mladic walking up the stairs, a former mine pit near Liubije where a mass grave is suspected, Mladic greeting Karadzic in Pale, and US Admiral Leighton Smith appearing on Bosnian Serb TV. EURONews: Originally produced by the Finnish YLE, this broadcast interviews War Crimes Investigator Elizabeth Grant. Grant discusses her upcoming trip to Bosnia where she is to gather evidence of mass executions. The report also gives an outline of the places she will investigate and what other investigators have found evidence of mass graves throughout Bosnia. Footage includes: Grant meeting with Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, aerial photos of suspected mass graves near Srebrenica, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, John Shattuck visiting a snow-covered suspected mass grave near Srebrenica, a suspected mass grave near Brcko, and a NATO (?) soldier digging through earth. EURONews: This broadcast was originally done by the Swiss SSR. The report discusses the issues regarding NATO's request for Switzerland to send troops to help out in Bosnia. Footage included: a UN soldier unloading a box from a truck, IFOR tanks rolling into a town, the document where the request was made, an unidentified Swiss (?) official, and Swiss UN Blue Berets in Bosnia. EURONews: Originally produced by FRANCE3, this broadcast interviews Sadika Hajruli whose husband and daughter disappeared after they were captured by Bosnian Serb soldiers. She tells her story of how she was held prisoner in the basement of an old Serbian woman's house. Footage available: picture of the house where Sadika was held and family photos. HRT: This broadcast is a CNN interview with Justice Richard Goldstone. He discusses the following issues: where some of the known war criminals are hiding, ways in which the Tribunal plans to bring these people to trial, cooperation of Slobodan Milosevic in extraditing war criminals, and IFOR's role in aiding the arresting of indicted war criminals. RTS: This broadcast focuses on Bosnian government soldiers who escaped to Yugoslavia. The report states that until international refugee organizations arrived, the deserters were taken care of by the Yugoslav government. Statements are made by the following Bosnian government soldiers: Mevludin ?esko, a medial technician; Mustafa ?etic, a teacher, and Andrija Kurtic. HRT: Broadcast contains an interview conducted with Berislav Pusic, Director of Croatia's Office for the Exchange of Prisoners. The interview is a response to a report aired on Serbian television and one aired by CNN. The RTS (Belgrade television) report stated that Bosnian Serbs have released all their POW's, but that 200 Bosnian Serb POW's are held in Tuzla. The second report concluded in the broadcast is one produced by CNN. Jackie Shymanski reports on the exchange of POW's between the three Bosnian fractions. The report shows the release of 200 Bosnian Serb POW's by the Bosnian government and Bosnian Croat forces. Bosnian Serbs were not able to release Bosnian Croat and Bosnian government forces right away due to logistical problems. The report also shows an incident where a Bosnian Croat soldier was caught with a weapon prohibited by the Geneva Convention. Statements are made by: an unidentified Bosnian Serb representative, and IFOR Spokesman Pierre Gauthier. The interview is cut off.
    Producer: Various English language, Bosnian, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA653;

  518. Various News Reports - Part 18 (report)
    Reporter Godel Rosenberg interviews Hanz Koschnick who serves as the EU Administrator in Mostar. Koschnick gives his insight into the following issues: the extent to which both the Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Muslims in Mostar break the Peace Accord through various shooting incidents; the fact that EU and American politicians need to be aware that the Islamic world is watching how Europe is handling Bosnian Muslims; the difficulty of trying to open a dialogue between two fractions that have deep resentment for each other; his plans for dividing Mostar into six municipalities; the issue of war crimes; need for NATO forces to aid the Tribunal; reasons laying behind EU’s inability to solve the Bosnia conflict early on; demilitarization in Bosnia; and the need to use Mostar as a learning example. In the middle of the interview a 3R report regarding Koschnick’s meeting with EU Foreign Ministers in Brussels is shown. Koschnick met with the ministers in order to gather support for his plans to rebuild unity in Mostar. The report states that, according to World Bank figures, 7 billion German Marks will be needed by 1999 for the rebuilding of Bosnia. *** Report NOT FINISHED ***
    Producer: 3RUNDFUNK (3R) Germany/German language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA654

  519. Various News Reports - Part 19 (report)
    Producer: BBC World, HRT, N-TV English language, Croatian, Beta SP, 55 min BA655

  520. Various News Reports - Part 20 (report)
    Tape includes programs from the following television networks: Croatian Television (Picture on Picture News Program), CNN, Heute, Serbian Television Belgrade, Serbian Television, Slovenian Television, RAI. The programs are from March 1996, after the Dayton Agreement and the Roman Summit. The subjects include: the support of Serbs on Romanija for Karadzic and Mladic; the Croatian defense minister Gojko ©usak on a state visit to Washington discussing tensions in Mostar, the Muslim-Croat Federation, the persecution of war criminals, and Eastern Slavonia; terrorist attack on first bus connecting Sarajevo and Serb-controlled suburb of Ilidza; two Bosnian Serbs suspected of war crimes turned over to the Hague International War Crimes Tribunal; the Bosnian refugee situation in Germany; the Serbian government takes over independent Belgrade television station Studio B; Mostar franciscans object to unification of Mostar; Radovan Karadzic blames the international community for "exodus" of Serb residents from serb-controlled part of Sarajevo at the point it is to passs under the jurisdiction of the Federation; IFOR in Bosnia; representatives of Bosnian serb Army fail to appear at meeting with IFOR, HVO, and Bosnian and Herzegovinian Army, where implementation of the military aspect of the Dayton Agreement was to be discussed; problems of the UN transitional govt. in Eastern Slavonia and Serbian refusal to demilitarize; Serbian television reports evidence of "Muslim terrorist-training camps"; draft-dodging laws in Yugoslavia; Bosnian Serbs leaving Sarajevo suburbs of Ilidza and Vogosca; Italian IFOR members showdown with Radovan Karadzic' body guards. Interviews include: two CNN interviews with Croatian defense minister Gojko ©usak, various street interviews with Bosnian Serbs. Footage of American IFOR officer "ready to use force if necessary" in order to inspect Bosnian Serb weaponry warehouse.
    Producer: HRT, CNN English language, Croatian, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA656

  521. Various News Reports - Part 21 (report)
    n/a
    Producer: TV BiH, HRT, BHT Croatian language, Bosnian, Beta SP, 62 min
    BA657

  522. Various News Reports - Part 22 (report)
    n/a
    Producer: BHT, Euronews, HRT English language, Bosnian, Croatian, Beta SP, 58 min
    BA658

  523. Various News Reports - Part 23 (documentary film)
    Bosnian TV special: a documentary film, Let iznad Bosne (Flight Over Bosnia), directed by Nedim Duheric and Nedim Loncarevic, followed by amateur footage (interviews with witnessessurvivors of war crimes).
    Producer: BHT (Bosnian TV) Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA659

  524. Various News Reports - Part 24 (report)
    n/a
    Producer: BHT Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA660

  525. Various News Reports - Part 25 (report)
    - Croatian TV report on Russian boycott of March 23 Geneva meeting on indictment of war criminals. TV BiH report on Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, reintegration of Serb-held parts of Sarajevo: footage of Serb destruction of Grbavica and harassment
    Producer: Croatian TV, BiHTV, Slovenia TV, German TV Croatian language, Bosnian, German, Slovenian, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA661

  526. Various News Reports - Part 26 (report)
    War coverage.
    Producer: BHT, HRT, TV5 Bosnian language, Croatian, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA662

  527. Various News Reports - Part 27 (report)
    War coverage.
    Producer: HRT, BHT Croatian language, Bosnian, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA663

  528. Various News Reports - Part 28 (report)
    n/a
    Producer: HRT, BHT Croatian language, Bosnian, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA664

  529. Various News Reports - Part 29 (report)
    A short report (in English) recorded from Croatian TV, followed by BBC Panorama: Srebrenica.
    Producer: HRT, BBC English language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA665

  530. Various News Reports - Part 30 (report)
    War coverage.
    Producer: HRT, BHT Croatian language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA666

  531. Various News Reports - Part 31 (report)
    War coverage.
    Producer: BBC World, Euronews, various unidentified TV reports, amateur footage English language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA667

  532. Various News Reports - Part 32 (report)
    War coverage
    Producer: Euronews, MBC English language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA668

  533. Various News Reports - Part 33 (report)
    War coverage.
    English language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA669

  534. Various News Reports - Part 34 (documentary film)
    Lengthy interview with a survivor of a mass execution, whose testimony is then followed by a documentary ("Agression on Bihac") which is cut off. The rest of the tape contains various news reports. Witness Of Genocide (00:00:00-00:32:40).
    Producer: TVBiH: Witness of Genocide (Svjedok Genocida) HRT: Agression on Bihac (Agresija Na Bihac) Bosnian language, Serbo-Croatian, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA670

  535. Various News Reports - Part 35 (report)
    War coverage
    Producer: Super Channel, EuroNews, Dutch TV English language, Dutch, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA671

  536. Various News Reports - Part 36 (report)
    War coverage
    Producer: Dutch TV, EuroNews, Dutch language, English, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA672

  537. Various News Reports - Part 37 (report)
    War coverage.
    Producer: Euronews, Dutch TV English language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA673

  538. Various News Reports - Part 38 (report)
    War coverage.
    Producer: Dutch TV, ICTY Dutch language, English, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA674

  539. Various News Reports - Part 39 (report)
    War coverage
    Producer: ICTY, Internews English language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA675

  540. Various News Reports - Part 40 (report)
    n/a
    Producer: Internews English language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA676

  541. Various News Reports - Part 41/Nihad u paklu logora (documentary film)
    n/a
    Producer: BHT Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1997, Beta SP, 54 min
    BA677

  542. Various News Reports - Part 42 (report)
    n/a
    Producer: BHT Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language; 1996, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA678

  543. Security Council Mtg 10 Aug 1995. Speech by Amb. Madeleine Albright (conference)
    UN speech by Madeleine Albright; aerial shots of the Srebrenica massacre area
    Producer: United Nations TV English language, Beta SP, 10 min
    BA679

  544. The Eagleberger speech-naming 10 Serbs as War Criminals (political speech)
    n/a
    English language, VHS
    BA680

  545. UN General Assembly 46th Session-December 16, 1991 (conference)
    n/a
    Producer: UNTV English language, Beta SP, 9 min
    BA681

  546. Raw Footage of preparations for the 1984 Sarajevo Olympics (television program)
    Images of the Winter Olympics opening ceremony in Sarajevo, February 1984. Footage shows reporter interviewing participating athletes from various countries as they are waiting to enter the Olympic stadium for the opening ceremony; shots of Olympic workers measuirng density of ice on the bobsled track; Sarajevo children learning to ski in the hills over Sarajevo; JNA conscripts marching past the Olympic ski areas singing old communist chant; shots of Sarajevo from the hills; interviews with Americans about the event
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 1984, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA682; 690; Beta and VHS
    Tito's funeral procession (television program)
    Footage of Tito's funeral procession leading to the "House of Flowers" (Kuca Cveca); speech from unidentified man; the military orchestra and choir sing the "International"; Tito's body being carried into the "House of Flowers."
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 1980, Beta SP, 23 min
    BA682; 690

  547. Interviews with Karadzic and Plavsic (interview)
    n/a
    Producer: Studio B Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 59 min
    BA683, 685 (copy); the copy is missing the first 80 seconds and named "Karadzic with Maps"

  548. Interview with Radovan Karadzic (interview)
    n/a
    Producer: Studio B Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 57 min
    BA684

  549. Interviews with a Bosnian Serb Military Commander, Momcilo Krajisnik, and Nikola Koljevic (interview)
    In this interview a Bosnian Serb general gives his view on the disintegration of the Yugoslav People's Army and the creation of the military forces in the Republic of Srpska Krajina. He also gives opinions about the effects the war has had on him, and the population in general. The interview was conducted in 1992.
    Producer: Studio B Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 1992, Beta SP, 70 min
    BA686

  550. Reports from Bosnia (report)
    A report on SFOR protest in Bosnia (1:56), 1 September 1997. A group of Bosnian Serb men carrying flags and banners confronts the SFOR tanks; no dialogue. A story on Banja Luka Media (3:33) filed on 24 August 1997. A large gathering of Bosnian Serbs cheers to their new president, Biljana Plavsic, while they dismiss the old leadership, calling them thieves and demanding their departure. An excerpt from Plavsic's speech underscores her opposition to propaganda and lies broadcast on the Bosnian Serb state TV. Two report on the Bosnian Serb TV closure by SFOR forces (1:58 and 1:16), filed on 1 October 1997, also included. Reports from 1992 also included: Casualties (1:24) Bosnia (7/10/92) (1:24). Latest from Bosnia (8/10/92) (1:28) includes statements by Yugoslav Prime Minister, Milan Panic, and UN General Morillon; civilians shown fetching water. Graphic image of a Bosnian Serb military casualty. Referendum (1:15), filed on 11/10/92, includes images of civilians voting, inlcuding Milan Panic. (report in SC.), Dobrica ?osic and his wife. Orphanage in Sarajevo (10/10/92) (1:08). SC. Prisoners, Sarajevo. 21 October 1995 (1:06). Prisoners of war brought back to Sarajevo in UN personel carriers. Prisoners, including Vladimir Srebrov, were greated by their friends and family. Bosnian President, Alija Izetbegovic, received prisoners in his office. Rally/ Arrest Various, 10 July 1997 (1:36). Ross Cameron reporter. Statements by Sandy Berger, Muhamed Sacirbey, Haris Silajdzic about the arrest of war criminals by British troops.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 17 min
    BA687

  551. Press Statements by Ejup Ganic, Radovan Karadzic, and Milan Martic (press conference)
    This program consists of press statements by representatives of the parties to the conflict involved in peace negotiations. On 5 June 1994, Bosnian Vice President, Ejup Ganic, and Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, brief the journalists on the progress of the talks. On 6 June 1994, Ejup Ganic briefs the press. On 8 June 1994, Milan Martic, the leader of the Serbs from Krajina in Croatia, Radovan Karadzic and Ejup Ganic brief the press on their individual views of the progress of peace talks and the situation in Bosnia and Croatia on the ground.
    Producer: UNTV English language, Beta SP, 20 min
    BA610

  552. The News Hour with Jim Lehrer: Report about events in Kosovo (report)
    ITN's Gaby Rado's report provides a short history of the conflict between the Kosovar Serbs and ethnic Albanians. As the reporters film Kosovar Albanian demonstrations in Pristina, cameraman Chris Warren is attacked for taking pictures of a Serb man who
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 9-Mar-1998, Beta SP, 23 min
    BA688; Beta and VHS

  553. Evening News (news)
    Unknown date: Richard Threlkeld reports on the Suljic family and how they escaped from the Bosnian village of Kuge to the US. Radjo and Jasmina Suljic's son Jasmin was diagnosed with leukemia and was allowed to come to the US for treatment. Statements are made by: Dr. Michael Harris, Hackensack Medical Center, and Estelle Strizhak, International Rescue Committee. Footage available: bombing of Kuge village and destroyed buildings.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language, Beta SP, 3 min
    BA691

  554. Broadcast from Tuzla (report)
    First Report - Dan Rather reports from the US military headquarters in Bosnia on bad weather conditions which have been delaying the deployment of NATO troops. Footage of the following included: US cargo planes attempting to land in dense fog. Second Report - Dan Rather reports on the release of two French airmen whose plane was shot down over Bosnian Serb territory during NATO airstrikes. Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic is shown bidding the farewell just before their release.The two French NATO soldiers give a brief account of their treatment while in captivity. Rumors regarding their release are also briefly mentioned. The issue of sending US troops to directly arm and train Bosnian Muslims is discussed, as well as the influence US Congress has over President Clinton's deployment of US troops. Rather also reports on the bad weather, as well as the bureaucracy, which have been halting US cargo trains destined to Hungary. Footage includes amateur video footage of the pilots in captivity and family reunion of the soldiers and their families, and US military equipment in Germany. Allen Pizzey reports from Taszar, Hungary on the expanding air lift of US soldiers and cargo from Germany to Bosnia, via Hungary. The trains that were planned to transport the equipment ended up being in short supply. Short statements regarding the airlifts and delpoymentin Bosnia are made by US Air Force Captian Dennis Shumaker and 5th Signal Command Colonel Dale Teyton. Footage of US soldiers saying goodbye to their families and being loaded into buses. Third Report - Dan Rather reports from Tuzla, Bosnia on the preparation for the arrival of NATO troops which will take over the peacekeeping from the UN. Brief statements regarding the arrival of NATO forces and their expectations are made by Major Sonny Jensen, Norwegian Brigadier General Helgup Haukland, and First Lieutenant Karstensen, and US Major General William Nash. Footages includes: a Danish tank division and US troops unloading equipment. Fourth Report - Dan Rather reports from Tuzla, Bosnia on the goals of President Clinton trip to the Paris peace negotiations. Bob Schieffer gives an in-depth analysis on the split between Congress members created by Clinton's decision to deploy US troops in Bosnian. Sound bites of President Clinton, Newt Gingrich, Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, Rep. Robert Dornan, Sen. Bob Dole, and Sen. Trent Lott are included. Dan Rather also given insight into public opinion polls on the question of US involvement in Bosnia, as well as the continuing trouble created by bad weather conditions. Footage includes: President Clinton boarding a helicopter en route to Paris, US troops clearing snow off the runway, and a US fighter plane landing in dense fog. Bob Simon reports from Sarajevo on the Serb referendum not to accept the Paris Peace Treaty. Once Sarajevo is united under the Bosnian government, the fear is that there could be a mass exodus of Bosnian Serbs from Sarajevo. Alexander Ivanko, UN Spokesperson, comments on people leaving Sarajevo. The ingrained fear of the other nationality among Sarajevo's inhabitants is shown by interviewing a Bosnian Serb boy and a Muslim family, both living in opposite sectors of where the lived before the war. Ennes Bajdamovic, a Bosnian Muslim, and his wife Ifeta, give a brief account for their fear of going back to their old apartment on the Bosnian Serb side of Sarajevo. Ennes was a prisoner in a Bosnian Serb camp. Footage shows Sarajevo during winter, banners saying: "America, Thank You for the peace, but where should we go now? (hung in the Serb quarter of Sarajevo) and "142, 700 Serbs will die for Serb Sarajevo," and Sarajevo's ravaged apartment houses. Dan Rather reports on the front lines which are going to be patrolled by US troops once they arrive in Bosnia. Zoran Stanojevic, a Bosnian Serb fighting with Bosnian government forces at the front line, explains he is fighting with the other side. Footage of snowcovered landscape, and front line trenches in included. David Martin reports from Vicenza, Italy. US paratroopers are shown training for their deployment in Tuzla, Bosnia. Lt. Joel Krauss and Lt. Col. Mike Scaparotti, Col. James McDonough, and US Brigade Commander briefly talk about what they expect in Bosnia. Footage includes US paratroopers in training and the paratrooper's Christmas ball. Report Four - Rita Braver reports from Paris on the signing of the Paris treaty. The report is cutoff in the middle of the speech.
    Producer: CBS Evening News United States/English language, Beta SP, 21 min
    BA692

  555. Nightline: The Echoes of Ethnic Cleansing and the New Challenge for the United States (report)
    Dave Marash reports from Kosovo on renewed fighting between ethnic Serbs and Albanians, which has the potential to spill over to Bosnia, Macedonia, Greece, Albania and Turkey. - Part 1: Marash briefly reviews the history of the conflicta and social division of Kosovo (8 % of Serbs dominate the government, whereas the Albanians organize shadow schools, hospitals, and even the government through non-violent resistance). Marash also analyzes American diplomatic efforts in regard to Kosovo. The Serbs are now faced with a deadline imposed by the US and its western allies: unless they work towards peace, they'll be punished. Statement by Madeleine Albright featured. Recent crimes are traced: the murder of seven Serb policemen; the murder of 80 Albanian civilians by the Serb police and paramilitaries in Drenica; murders in Western Kosovo's village of Glodjan, Interviews with: an Albanian woman, a young Albanian girl, a 70-year-old man who was beaten and his house trashed, and a local counsel on human rights and freedom, featured. - Part 2: Marash analyzes the roots of Serbian intransigence and nationalism and the significance of Kosovo to ethnic Serbs. Interviews with: Father Sava (refers to Kosovo as Serbian Jerusalem) of the Visoki Decani Monastery, built in the14th century; Kosovar Serb, whose family has lived in Kosovo for 1,200 years and who now plans to flee Kosovo; and several Kosovar Albanians who use satellite TV to get informed on events in Kosovo. - Ted Kopple interviews Dave Marash in studio on the Kosovo crisis. Marash compares and contrasts events in Kosovo with the Bosnian war, projecting that Kosovo will see more violence in spring. - Footage includes: Bosnian civilians and western journalists under fire at a Sarajevo cemetery; the Breadline massacre in Sarajevo; soldiers (JA?) firing from heavy artillery weapons; the Markale Market massacre in Sarajevo; ITN's pictures of Omarska prison camp; the Vukovar refugees; funeral for Serb policemen in Kosovo; Slobodan Milosevic at a political rally; corpses of the murdered Drenica Albanians; scenes from everyday life in Kosovo schools; Ibrahim Rugova; the Kosovar Albanian demonstrations in Kosovo; houses burning in Kosovo villages; Robert Gelbard meeting with Rugova; Serbian police forces (MUP) in Kosovo; funeral for Albanian civilians in Glodjan. Statements by Madeleine Albright at a Contact Group Meeting (March 26), President Clinton (during his visit to Rwanda), and Robert Gelbard featured.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 9-Apr-1998, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA693

  556. Frontline: The World's Most Wanted Man (documentary film)
    The documentary chronicles the life of Radovan Karadzic prior to the Bosnian war as well as his Post-Dayton indictment by the ICTY and subsequent move into hiding.
    Director: Kevin Sim; Producer: Pippa Scott for PBS United States/English language; 26-May-1998, Beta SP, 87 min
    BA694

  557. Speech by Vojislav Seselj, September 4, 1989. (political speech)
    Vojislav Seselj gave this speech on September 4, 1989 in the Serbian Orthodox Church of Saint Nicholas in Hamilton, Canada.
    Producer: Magic Moment Movies Canada/Serbian language; 4-Sep-1989, Beta SP
    BA695; continued on no. 558

  558. Speech by Vojislav Seselj, September 4, 1989. (political speech)
    Vojislav Seselj gave this speech on September 4, 1989 in the Serbian Orthodox Church of Saint Nicholas in Hamilton, Canada.
    Producer: Magic Moment Movies Canada/Serbian language; 4-Sep-1989, Beta SP
    BA695, continued from no. 557

  559. Report from Zvornik by Martin Bell (report)
    The report follows the flight of Bosnian Muslim civilians out of Zvornik, where Zeljko Raznjatovic - Arkan's paramilitary forces have taken over. Bosnian government officials, mainly Bosnian Muslim, have been driven out and have counted 300 of their soldiers dead. According to the report, it is estimated that around 2000 people have left Zvornik on foot. The report interviews two men and a woman refugee, who have been walking for two days, and are asking the West for help. Footage of refugees walking through the countryside, and Arkan's soldiers taking over Zvornik is included.
    Producer: BBC News United Kingdom/English language; 9-Apr-1992, VHS, 2 min
    BA696
    Martin Bell Report from the Frontlines above Sarajevo (report)
    Martin Bell reports from the frontlines above Sarajevo on the morning of Orthodox Easter celebration. Three weeks into the bloodshed of civil war, it is evident that all the communities near Sarajevo have suffered, the Muslims perhaps most of all. The Bosnian Serbs and the Federal army attacked a village near the airport, hitting a mosque and killing eight of its residents. The leader of the Bosnian Serbs, Radovan Karadzic, embarked on a peace offensive before leaving for a peace conference in Lisbon. Karadzic states that Bosnian Serbs would have taken Sarajevo if they did not believe in a diplomatic solution. To make his point, Radovan Karadzic took the BBC crew on a tour of the Serbs' frontline positions overlooking Sarajevo. The purpose of this his visibility exercise was to show that the Serbs were observing the cease fire in the region and that they intend to go on doing so. "We don't shoot. We try just to keep peace and not to control the surrounding of Sarajevo," said Karadzic while paying a visit to the Bosnian Serb military position overlooking Sarajevo. Asked by a reporter if the Bosnian Serbs could take the city the next day, he replied: "Any time." The Serbs say they are willing to negotiate about anything, but if the Muslims want war, they can have the war, and the city is indefensible. Other footage includes: Easter morning liturgy in a Orthodox Christian church near Sarajevo, grave site adjacent to a mosque in a village near the airport in Sarajevo, panorama of the city of Sarajevo as seen from the Bosnian Serb military position on hills above the city.
    Producer: BBC News United Kingdom/English language; 25-Apr-1992, VHS, 2 min
    BA697

  560. World News Tonight, July 24 to 27, 1995 (news)
    7/24/95: Ron Allen reports on the arrival of the UN Rapid Reaction Force on Mount Igman overlooking Sarajevo, with a mission to protect the UNPROFOR trying to deliver humanitarian aid. Despite the incessant Serb shelling of Sarajevo-more than a 100 people were killed and 700 injured in the past 3 weeks-the UN Rapid Reaction Force will not retaliate against the Serbs for attacks against civilians. Colonel Dick Applegate, UN British forces, and Lt. Col. Chris Vernon, UN Spokesman, explain the Reaction Force mission and its limitations. Haris Silajdzic, Bosnian Prime Minister, expresses that the Serbs will continue on killing because the West allows them to do so. Footage of UN Reaction Forces, rubble remains of a house, infra red images of Sarajevo being shelled at night, dead civilians, a Sarajevo family mourning over the loss of a 3-month old baby and other relatives, and UN soldiers patrolling Sarajevo, is included. David Ensor reports on the likelihood of the allied intervention to curb the Serb aggression in the so-called safe haven. The Western allies issued an ultimatum to Ratko Mladic, threatening to bomb his forces if they attack Gorazde, one of the safe haven areas. The fate of the remaining five of the so-called safe havens was not discussed despite the increased combat activity there: Bihac is under heavy attack by both Serb and Muslim forces, the shelling of Sarajevo has increased, and the Serb burned 2 Muslim villages in Zepa. Comments by Bob Dole, Senate Majority Leader, Mike McCurry, White House Spokesman, and William Perry, US Secretary of Defense, included. Perry indicated that the existing UN and NATO resolution gives the NATO the authority to attack Serb heavy weapons in safe haven zones. Footage includes: Serb General Ratko Mladic surrounded by the UN soldiers and refugee women, men, and children (Serbian TV footage taken shortly after the fall of Srebrenica), and NATO bombers, UNHCR truck and refugees in Zepa. Tadeusz Mazowiecky, the former Prime Minister of Poland and UN's Envoy for Human Rights, conducted an investigation of how the Bosnian Serb forces treated the people of Srebrenica after they conquered the town. Mazowiecky declared that there had been extremely serious violations of human rights on an enormous scale. 7/25/95: Ron Allen reports on the aftermath of the fall of Zepa, one of the UN-declared safe havens, to Bosnian Serb forces. The Serb allowed the first refugees to leave from Zepa on a bus convoy. Even though the Bosnian Serb General Mladic has been boasting for more than a week that the Bosnian government forces retreated, the UN first announced today that Zepa fell under Serb control. The Bosnian Serbs have said that women and children can go free, but men of fighting age must be interrogated about war crimes. Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic states that any evacuation of refugee done without the presence of UNPROFOR means sure death for the refugees. Aid workers are shown getting ready for the arrival of Zepa refugees. A doctor in Sarajevo, Bacir Helic, anxiously awaits buses from Zepa, expecting his mother and other relatives to arrive with the refugees. Statements by Lt. Col. Chris Vernon, UN Spokesman, and Tamsin Leakey, member of the Overseas Development Fund, included. Footage included: buses packed with refugees leaving Zepa, the following is from the Bosnian Serb TV: Mladic toasting in Zepa, Bosnian Serb forces overseeing the shelling of Zepa; UN tank driving through Sarajevo, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, aid workers packing bags of food. John Cochran reports on the US Senate debate to lift the arms embargo against the Bosnian government. Provisions for lifting the embargo are outlined by its supporters. Europeans allies say that if the embargo is lifted, then they will withdraw their troops from Bosnia. Statements by Bob Dole, the Senate Majority Leader, Warren Christopher, Secretary of State, Newt Gingrich, House Speaker, and Herve de Charrette, the French Foreign Affairs Minister, included. Footage of UN soldiers in Bosnia is included. Peter Jennings reports on the indictment of the Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and General Ratko Mladic by the International War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague. Christian Chartier, War Crimes Tribunal Spokesman, highlights the charges against the two leaders: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and violations of Geneva Conventions. Footage includes: images of Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic together, sniper shooting from within an apartment in Sarajevo, Mladic, and Milan Gvero playing chess. SAP footage of a group of civilians under sniper fire in Sarajevo, woman crying in a hospital, Karadzic, Mladic, and Yasushi Akashi together, Omarska Camp prisoners, Karadzic, 7/26/95: John Cochran reports on the Senate's historical decision of ordering the President to lift the arms embargo. Senators from both sides of the argument are presented. European allies have threatened to remove their troops if the embargo is lifted. The arms embargo bill requires the President to lift the embargo twelve weeks after the Bosnians ask the UN peacekeepers to withdraw. Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic stated that had the embargo been lifted two years ago, there would have been peace in Bosnian a long time ago. Brief statements are made by Senator Frank Lauthnberg, Senator Dirk Kempthorne, Senator Newt Gingrich, Senator Bob Kerney, Senator Sam Nunn, Senator Bob Dole, and President Clinton. Footage of UN peacekeepers in Bosnia is included. Ron Allen reports on the arrival of the first refugees from Zepa, some of them wounded from the Bosnian Serb offensive, and some of them feeling resentment for not having been helped. Several of the reguees describe their flight. An unidentified elderly woman states that Bosnian Serbs had entirely surrounded Zepa. Benka Mujkic, a 73 year old woman, lost part of her leg to a grenade that fell near her home. She states that grenades were falling like rain. Fourteen-year-old Edan Pojdzic suffered a broken leg after hiding in the woods with his family for fourteen days. The family ended up being separated during the confusion of the offensive. The UN commander in Bosnia has been negotiating with Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic to guarantee a safe passage of the refugees. So far, the UN managed to get permission to monitor the forced removal of the refugees from Zepa. Officials stated that the exodus from Zepa was much less brutal that what the refugees from Srebrenica had to endure. As in Srebrenica, the whereabouts of the men are not known. A brief statement by UN Refugee Official Kris Janowski is included. Footage: Zepa refugees in Sarajevo hospital, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic and UN Commander in Bosnia (?) negotiating, Zepa refugees walking through a town with Mladic and UN soldiers present, a man and an elderly woman refugee stepping of a bus in Sarajevo, an elderly woman refugee took shaken to get off a bus. Peter Jennings, reports on the Senate's vote to unilaterally lift the arms embargo against Bosnia, and the support for Bosnian Muslims which has been growing in the Muslim world. Prayers, telethons, demonstrations against the Serbs are being organized throughout the Muslim world. Professor Mary-Jane Deeb from the American University explains that many Muslims believe the West does not care [about Bosnian Muslims]. Their argument is that had the Bosnian Muslims been Christians or Jews, the whole world would have come to their rescue. It is unclear how many arms were supplied from Muslim countries to the Bosnian Muslim-led government, but some weapons have been supplied most likely. Visits by high-profile Muslim leaders, such as King Hassan of Jordan, shows that there is growing solidarity among Muslims around the world. What many analysts find ominous is that among Bosnian Muslim men and boys there is growing antagonism to Europeans and Americans. Footage includes: prayer session in Cairo, a telethon on Jordanian television, King Hassan of Jordan giving a personal donation to the telethon, street demonstrations in the Sudan, Bosnian Muslim soldiers, Bosnian Muslim refugee camps.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 20 min
    BA698
    World News Tonight, July 27, 31, August 1, 3, 4, 1995 (news)
    July 27, 1995: Reactions from the British and French, including President Clinton, with regards to the Senate decision to unilaterally lift the international arms embargo against Bosnia. Brit Hume reports on President Clinton's commentary featured in a news conference with visiting President Kim. President Clinton commented that the Senate vote is not a defeat of his policy; he made clear that UNPROFOR can still succeed in Bosnia, and discussed the lessons that the UN should draw from Bosnia. Tadeusz Mazowiecki, the UN human rights envoy to the former Yugoslavia, has quit in protest of the United Nations and the Western Allies hypocrisy.

    Ron Allen's report features Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic addressing the Bosnian Muslim refugees on their way out of Zepa. Mladic states in a press conference that all parties to the Bosnia conflict does more common sense, instead of weaponry. It is only women and children that are granted a safe passage out of Zepa. Mladic dismissed the charges that his men have raped and executed fleeing refugees as propaganda, adding that he is the man who defends his people. With a few exceptions, only women and children are granted safe passage out of Zepa. The talks about the Muslim men of fighting age, who are still hiding in the hills surrounding Zepa, are at an impasse, with the Serbs still insisting those men should surrender. A few of the wounded men, two of whom give statements, have been taken to a hospital in Sarajevo. A statement by a wounded Bosnina man is included. Footage of Zepa refugees traveling towards Sarajevo, refugees women and children, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic and his soldiers, and two wounded young men fom Zepa are included.

    "Person of the Week" features Justice Richard Goldstone, UN Chief Prosecutor, War Crimes Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. The report details Goldstone's accomplishments in his native South Africa, and his current efforts in the Yugoslav and Rwandan Tribunal. An excerpt from an interview with Radovan Karadzic by David Frost featured. Other footage includes archival footage of WWII concentration camps and the Nuremberg trials, Sarajevo, Manjaca camp, Radovan Karadzic and General Ratko Mladic together, the Tribunal investigators in Sarajevo, the Tribunal courtroom in the Hague, residents in Sarajevo running under sniper fire, several Rwanda massacres, and South African soldiers.

    July 31, 1995: Ron Allen reports on Croatian forces, well-equipped with man power of 50-60,000, preparing to regain Knin. Lt. Col. Andrew Lesli, UN Military Spokesman comments on the mood among the civlians in the region. Alexander Ivanko, UN spokesman comments on the possibility of a Croatian attack. Bosnian Serbs have warned that Croats will pay for their assault. Footage includes: Croatian troops backed by tanks and artillery, Serb refugees fleeing ahead of Croatian troops, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic in the field, Franjo Tudjman attending a Croatian military parade in May, destroyed civlian houses (?).
    A coalition of 27 human rights, humanitarian and religious organizations declared that the Western powers must use force to stop the genocide because, in their words, nothing else has worked.

    August 1, 1995: John Cochran reports on the implications of the House vote to lift the arms embargo against the Bosnian Muslims government. Excerpts from the debate in the House, featuring Representative Ike Skelton, Representative Larry Combest, Minority Leader Richard Gephart, and Representative Gerald Solomon are included. Other footage includes Bosnian government soldiers and UN forces in Bosnia. The NATO military alliance has issued a broader threat to the Bosnian Serbs, which applies not only to Gorazde, but also to Sarajevo, Tuzla, and Bihac.

    August 3, 1995: Ron Allen reports from the Croatian town of Gospic, located a few miles from the frontline, as the Croatian offensive to regain the Serbian Krajina develops. Gospic is the target of the Serb retaliation for the offensive. Brief statements by two civilians from Gospic, Mile Damjanovic and Jasna Malinkovic, and a soldier and civilian from Knin, featured. Footage includes: a Croat military parade, street life in Gospic and Knin.

    August 4, 1995: Two American navy planes launched missiles at a Serbian missile site near Knin, after a Serbian radar locked onto them. A Ron Allen report from Split, Croatia, discusses the progress of the Croatian offensive in Knin. A statement by a Serb leader from Knin featured. Croatian President Tudjman broadcast a message saying he was forced to attack what he called Croatia's occupied territories because 4 years of talks have failed. A brief statement by Yasushi Akashi, UN Envoy, featured. Footage: bombardment of Knin, houses and cars aflame; Serbian TV: wounded children in a hospital, tank aflame, Croatian fighter plane allegedly shot down; panorama of Zagreb during air raid sirens, Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic.

    August 5, 1995:Ron Allen reports from Zagreb, Croatia, on the fall of Petrinja, an industrial center in the North, to Croatian forces. The UN was frustrated at its efforts to monitor the expulsion of tens of thousands of the Serb refugees. The UN troops have not only been held back by Croat forces, but many have been endangered and used as human shields. A brief statement by UN Spokesperson Chris Guinness included. In Bosnia, infighting among the Bosnian Serbs continued, resulting with Karadzic taking command of the Army. Mladic claimed the move was illegal. Brief statement by Karadzic featured. Footage includes: Croatian army entering Petrinja, the Serbs fleeing Croatia, UN soldiers in Croatia, Mladic surrounded by his soldiers, Croatia's President Franjo Tudjman raising Croatia's flag.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 21 min
    BA699
    World News Tonight, August 8-11, 18, 22, 23, 28, 29, 1995 (news)
    August 8,1995: This report discusses the flight of Serbian refugees from the Krajina region after the offensive by Croatian Army. The possibility of a conflict between Croats and Serbs over Eastern Slavonia is briefly discussed as well. The report mentions a U-2 spy airplane discovering what might be mass graves around Srebrenica. Statements regarding the mass exodus of Serbs from Krajina are made by UN Envoy Yasushi Akashi and UN Spokesperson Christopher Guinness.
    - Bosnia: US spy plane takes pictures of large area iwht overturned earth near Srebrenica.
    Other footage includes: Krajina Serb refugees fleeing Croatia, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic after capturing Srebrenica, Bosnian Muslim women being loaded into trucks, and Bosnian Muslim men being taken to a stadium near Srebrenica.
    August 9, 1995: This report focuses on the mass expulsion of Serbian civilians from the Krajina region in Croatia. Sheila McVicker reports on Serbian refugee cars being attacked by Croats, as well other attacks on civilians. Possible attrocities committed by the Croatian Army are discussed by UN Spokesman Phil Arnold. The report also shows protests in Belgrade against Croatia's expulsion of Krajina Serbs. Statements by two Krajina Serb civilians are included.

    August 10, 1995: Bob Jamison reports on CIA aerial photos of possible mass graves around Serb-held Srebrenica. US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright states that there is a compelling case that attrocities were committed in and around Srebrenica, citing that Mladic was identified by eyewitnesses as being present in the said massacre areas. John Cochran discusses questions raised by US Congressmen and Senators regarding the arms embargo imposed on the Bosnian government and President Clinton's veto. The report also briefly touches on Krajina Serb refugees arriving in Serbia, as well as Croats expelled from Serbia arriving in Croatia. A statement is featured by Bob Dole, Senate Majority Leader, explaining that the arms embargo has placed an enormous handicap on the Bosnian Government. Other footage includes: Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic with his soldiers handing candy to children of detained Muslims in Srebrenica, Serbian and Croatian refugees, and Bosnian and Croatian forces with their weapons.

    August 18, 1995: This report features a short piece on the UN withdrawal from the Gorazde Safe Haven including footage of the Gorazde area.

    August 22, 1995: This report focuses on the Ubanjan (sp) island, off the coast of Croatia, home to Serbian, Bosnian, and Croatian refugees. Sheila MacVikar explains that the island acts as a transit point for many Bosnian and Croatian refugees. Macvikar states that the Serbian refugees are mostly from the Krajina, elderly and weak with no place to go to. Some of the refugees are interviewed. A Bosnian Muslim man explains that he is glad to see Serbs experience being the victims of ethnic cleansing. Mark Cutts, UN Spokesman, says that the longer the war goes on, the lesser of a chance for people to return to their homes. Footage of Serbian refugees fleeing Krajina is also included.

    August 23, 1995: John McWethy covers the memorial service for US diplomats Robert Frazier, Joseph Kruzel, and Nelson Drew. The report then details the new members of the US diplomatic team for Bosnia. Mike McCurry, White House Press Secretary, and Thorvald Stoltenberg, UN Special Envoy to Bosnia, each give statements on the new US's replacement peace envoys NAME, NAME, and NAME. Footage of a Sarajevo hospital is also included.

    August 28, 1995: This report focuses on a mortar shell hitting a Sarajevo marketplace. Haris Silajdzic, Bosnian Prime Minister, is interviewed, stating that air raids and force are the only thing which will prevent another massacre. Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb leader, is also interviewed, claiming that NATO lacks justification for bombing. Other politicians giving statements about the massacre include: Nicholas Burns, US State Department Spokesman, Muhamed Sacirbey, Bosnian Foreign Minister, and Richard Holbrooke, US Asst. Secretary of State. Other footage includes: shelling victims on a Sarajevo street, a Sarajevo hospital admitting injured civilians, UN soldiers and Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA700
    World News Tonight, August 29 to September 1, 1995 (news)
    August 29, 1995: A report by John McWethy that deals with the consequences of the Sarajevo marketplace bombing and the potential impact of the peace process. Brief statements by Muhamed Sacirbey, Bosnian Foreign Minister, and Nicolas Burns, US State Department Spokesman featured, including a summary of statements by Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and the Bosnian Serb parliament.
    Footage includes Alija Izetbegovic, Bosnian President, Radovan Karadzic with Jimmy Carter in Pale, and i l plot by the Muslims who brought wounded Bosnian fighter from the front lines to the scene. Footage included: from Sarajevo - workers repairing shell damage, flowers marking a spot where the shell exploded, cemetery; Bosnian Serb TV nightly news, the massacre in Sarajevo, corpses in a morgue, injured children.

    August 30, 1995: This day's coverage focuses on the NATO military intervention against the Bosnian Serbs, the largest assault in the history of the NATO alliance. A map of Bosnia with the main bombing targets- Tuzla, Pale, Gorazde, Mortar, and Sarajevo are highlighted. A report by John McWethy from Aviano, Italy focuses on the NATO air strike on the Bosnian Serb positions triggered by the marketplace massacre on Monday. US pilots carried out Ninety percent of the three hundred missions that were flown. The UN demands that the Bosnian Serbs withdraw from a 12-mile zone around Sarajevo, stop the shelling of other safe haven areas, and accept the cease-fire. Brief statements by William Clanes, NATO Secretary General, John White, US Deputy Secretary of Defense, Lt. Gen. Bernard Janvier, UN Force Commander, and Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb Leader, Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke. Footage included: infrared shots of the outskirts of Sarajevo being bombed by the NATO forces, NATO fighter planes, computer generated simulation of NATO air strikes by Spot Satellite/Defense Mapping Agency highlighted the main targets, French and British rapid reaction force in Bosnia, a French fighter plane being shut down, marketplace massacre in Sarajevo.
    Tony Birtley reports from Sarajevo about how the people in the city responded to the air strikes. Bosnian Serb TV claimed that NATO jets had struck hospitals, schools, and residential areas causing casualties. Brief statements are made by a male civilian, a female civilian from Sarajevo. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic stated that the Bosnian Serbs would emerge victorious. The Bosnian Serbs retaliated by shelling Sarajevo which killed at least one civilian. Footage included: infrared shots of the outskirts of Sarajevo being bombed by the NATO forces, panorama of Sarajevo; from the Bosnian Serb TV - images of civilians in a shelter, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic shown visiting injured people in a hospital, the shot down French NATO jet, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic in Pale
    Russian President Boris Yeltsin accused the West of being cruel for attacking only one side.
    A David Ensor report on Richard Holbrooke's meetingnssiylng dropped, and Bosnian Serb TV footage of Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic.

    August 31, 1995: The impact and purpose of the NATO attacks on the Bosnian Serb territories discussed. John McWethy reports on how the second day of air strikes is affected by bad weather conditions, and discusses the results of the air strikes. Brief statements by the Allied Forces Commander Admiral Leighton Smith, NATO Southern Command Gen. Mike Scott, and a US Navy pilot included. UN Spokesman Collum Murphy threatened the Bosnian Serbs with further bombing unless they agree to accept the NATO demands. Bosnian Serbs claim that the bombing has left 300 dead. Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic stated on the Bosnian Serb TV that his army will respond when attacked. Serbian hl de targets exploding, EU diplomats, and General Ratko Mladic shown on Bosnian Serb TV visiting the wounded in a hospital.
    Tony Birtley reports on the employment of the UN Rapid Reaction Force situated on Mount Igman, overlooking Sarajevo. While the air strikes were going on, the Rapid Reaction Force was pounding Bosnian Serb military positions surrounding Sarajevo. The UN has managed to halt shelling and give Sarajevo the feeling that peace is possible. A French Commander, a Dutch and a British soldier give brief statements about their mission. Footage includes: heavy weapons of the UN Reaction Force, Sarajevo street-life, and UN tanks in Sarajevo, a woman carrying water canisters.

    September 1, 1995: David Ensore reports on the breakthrough announcement that the bombing has stopped and peace negotiations will begin in Geneva. President Clinton comments on the cease-fire and the upcoming Geneva peace talks, warning the Bosnian Serbs of more attacks. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic states in an interview done by Bosnian Serb TV that the situation has changed and Bosnian Serbs are adjusting accordingly. NATO halted the bombing in the hope that their demands will be met. US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke explains the possible land division of Bosnia. Footage includes: President Clinton in Hawaii, Serb sniping in Sarajevo, NATO fighter planes on a carrier; Bosnian TV footage of the impact of the bombing and a studio interview with Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic dressed in military gear.
    Tony Birtley interviews a father, Ferhet Ibrahimagic, who lost his teenage son Adnan in the marketplace massacre. Ferhet Ibrahimagic, states that he hopes for peace. Ibrahimagi's belief is that the only way the war will stop is by destroying all the weapons. Adnan was a refugee in Austria, but could not bear leaving his father behind. Adnan's mother was injured twice by Serb shelling. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic giving interviewed on Bosnian Serb TV, sniper fire in Sarajevo, a US fighter ship, President Clinton in Hawaii, Adnan's funeral, amateur footage of Adnan, as well as a family photo of the Ibrahimagic family before the war.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 19 min
    BA701
    World News Tonight, September 5 to 8, September 12-13, 1995 (news)
    September 5, 1995: McWethy reports on the Bosnian Serb military failure to comply to NATO demands which led to renewed air attacks. In an interview on Bosnian Serb TV, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic, stated that he refuses to pull back his heavy weapons and will fight back when attacked. NATO's goal is to create a military balance between the Bosnian Serb army and the Bosnian government army. Footage includes: NATO fighter planes taking off, U2 plane pictures of exploding targets, a demolished army barrack near Pale, Serb heavy weapons being moved, Serb General Ratko Mladic directing his troops, Bosnian Serb TV interview with Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic, and soldiers marching (? What side). Additional statements are made by John White, US Deputy Secretary of Defense and Rear Admiral William Fallon, Commander US Carrier Group.

    September 6, 1995: Mike Lee reports on the continued bombing of Serb military targets. According to NATO officials, many vital military sites were destroyed, which greatly limits the warring capabilities of the Bosnian Serb army. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic asked NATO officials to halt the raids since the siege of Sarajevo has been lifted, and the air strikes have caused civilian casualties. Bosnian Serb TV has been broadcasting withdrawal of troops, even though UN and NATO lack the evidence of such. Included is footage of: U2 airplanes showing exploding targets (including a communication center, ammunition storage cites, and the Lukovica barracks), Bosnian Serb military withdrawing heavy weapons, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic dressed in military gear with Bosnian Serb soldiers, and Bosnian Serb civilians protesting the withdrawal of the military.

    Sheila MacVicar reports on the issue of systematic rape of women of all ethnic backgrounds. Samra Gluhic of the Women's Support Group explains that rape was committed in order to destroy the family structure [of Bosnia]. According to a UN Commission investigating rape allegations, it was only the Bosnian Serbs who organized systematic rape as part of ethnic cleansing. A UN Commission has documented 4500 cases of rape in Bosnia. Interviewed is Borislav Herak, a captured Bosnian Serb soldier, who gives an account how certain rapes were carried out. Both Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb leader, and Ratko Mladi , Bosnian Serb General have been indicted for knowingly allowing their men to rape. Brief interviews are done with an unidentified Muslim woman, and Professor of Law Cherif Bassiouni. Footage includes: Bosnian Muslim women and children refugee camp, Bosnian refugees, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic shaking hands with Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Muslim refugees and soldiers.


    September 7, 1995: Mike Lee reports from Pale on the continuing NATO raids.
    Alexander Ivanko, UN Spokesperson states that the bombing will continue until Bosnian Serb military fulfills NATO's demands. Bosnian Serb television broadcast civilians running away from an area where a NATO bomb struck, stating that the bombing killed fifteen civilians. Serb officials could offer no proof of the casualties, but stated that NATO is as guilty as the Nazis were in WWII, and that Serbs would never give in. There is also brief mention of Russia's readiness to lift the economic embargo against Serbia.
    Footage includes: NATO plane taking and flying over Bosnia, wounded in a hospital, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic and Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic together; Bosnian Serb TV - civilians running for cover, buring houses, TV announcer, and three wounded patients laying in a hospital.

    September 8, 1995: Garrick Utley reports from Geneva on the beginning of the Geneva meeting between the Bosnian Serb and Bosnian government leaders. The report also explains the provisions of the agreement. Sound bites regarding the negotiations from US Ass't Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke are included. Footage of the three Bosnian leaders meeting in Geneva, as well as Bosnian refugees in included.

    Tony Birtley reports from Sarajevo on the issue of Muslim refugees coming from the Serb territory is also addressed, as well as the Serb refusal to withdraw heavy weapons from Sarajevo. In a interview on Bosnian government television, Alija Izetbegovic, the president of Bosnian, stated tha the hopes all Bosnian Serbs and Muslims will be able to live together, but that the Bosnian government would not surrender any territory. The continued refusal of Bosnian Serbs to withdraw their weapons form Sarajevo was answered with renewed NATO bombing of Serb-held territory. Footage includes: Bosnian Muslim refugees, a wounded boy, and wounded patients in a Serb hospital; Bosnian government TV- interview with Bosnian leader Alija Izetbegovic, Bosnian Serb TV - a NATO jet almost being hit by a Bosnian Serb missile.

    Mike Lee reports from Pale, on the aftermath of NATO bombings and the Geneva agreement. While interviewed by the Bosnian Serb television, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic (wearing military uniform) stated that the peace agreement shoudl be celebrated, as the Bosnian Serbs are finally getting their states and are recognized by America. He further stated that Bosnia Serb will not surrender any more territory. Bosnian Serb TV also broadcast vicitms of a hospital that was allegedly hit by a NATO bomb. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb TV - opening credits for the Bosnian Serb television news, interview with Karadzic, and a Bosnian Serb hospital.


    September 12, 1995: David Ensor reports about Russian President Boris Yeltsin accusing the US of genocide, and sending a threat to send military aid to Bosnian Serbs unless the bombing stops. In response to the accusation, the State Department is sending Strobe Talbot to Russian. The report also discusses the refusal of Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic to remove heavy weapons from the Sarajevo area. Brief statements are made by State Department Spokesman Nicholas Burns, President Clinton, and Secretary of State Warren Christopher. Footage includes: NATO planes, Russian President Boris Yeltsin, Bosnian Foreign Minister Muhamed Sacirbey at the Geneva peace negotiations, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic greeting his soldiers.

    John McWethy reports from Aviano, Italy reports on the military experiment of having families of US airmen who run airstrikes over Bosnia live with them on the airbase. Historically, when the military goes to war, the familiy would stay behind. "Flip," "Boss," "Cinde," and "Robie" give brief statements about how they cope with the possible dangers they face when going on bombing raids. Footage included: NATO planes, and family life of the interviewed US F-16 pilots.

    September 13, 1995: Peter Jennings reports briefly on five members of the Russian Parliament leaving for the Bosnian Serb military headquarters in Pale, in order to serve as human shields.

    John McWethy reports from the NATO command center in Vincenza, Italy. Interviewed is Air Force General Mike Ryan, coordinator of the raids, discussing the charges that NATO is escalating the fight. Footage includes computer generated animation of targets exploding, cruise missiles flying in Western Bosnina, and a Stealth F-117. The report is cut off halfway.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA702

  561. World News Tonight, September 14,15, 20, 21, 28, and October 4, 1995 (news)
    September 13, 1995 (?): Peter Jennings reports on the offensive launched by the Bosnian government. With the help of Bosnian Croat forces, Bosnian government forces are advancing towards towns held by Bosnian Serb forces. In Moscow, a grenade was fired on the American embassy. Russian officials state that the attack was not connected with Russia's official anger at the continuing NATO air strikes in Bosnia. September 14, 1995: David Ensor reports on a major development in the Bosnian peace negotiations. An agreement was reached between the Bosnian government and the Bosnian Serb leadership, including General Ratko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic. Bosnian Serbs promised immediate cessation of hostilities and withdrawal of heavy weapons from around Sarajevo; NATO agreed to halt the bombing for 72 hours so the Serbs can begin withdrawing; the Bosnian government agreed to stop any offensive actions and put its heavy weapons under UN control. US officials say that NATO will resume the air strikes if the Serbs do not withdraw a substantial number of weapons. Footage includes: NATO bomber taking off, Bosnian Serb positions and weapons around Sarajevo, US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke shaking hands and meeting in Belgrade with Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic in camouflage, and Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic greeting his soldiers. Tony Birtley reports on the mass flight of Bosnian Serb civilians to the Serb-stronghold of Banja Luka. More that 40.000 Bosnian Serb civilians have fled areas taken over by Bosnian Muslim -Croat forces. As UN Spokesman Christopher Guinness points out, this population movement would eventually happen either way, as the West's plan for the division of Bosnia goes along ethnic lines. The Bosnian Serb army has lost 800 square miles to the Bosnian government offensive, leaving 61% in its control. The destruction of military targets by NATO air strikes has only emboldened the Bosnian Serb army. Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic states that the government's offensive is justified because it is a response to Bosnian Serb aggression on Bosnian government territory. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb refugees fleeing on tractors, Bosnian Muslim and Bosnian Croat forces, damaged Bosnian Serb military facilities, Bosnian television - Bosnian Muslim and Bosnian Croat forces carrying flags at night and shooting up in the air (?). September 15, 1995: Garrick Utley reports on the Bosnian Serb army withdrawal from the Sarajevo area. Even though Bosnian Serbs lifted the siege from Sarajevo, two shoulder-launched missiles were fired at a NATO reconnaissance plane, near Gorazde. According to the reached peace agreement, the Bosnian Serb army is expected to withdraw all heavy weapons [some 300 of them] out of a 12 mile radius surrounding Sarajevo. President Clinton gave a warning to the Serbs, stating that NATO will resume air strikes if the Bosnian Serbs break the agreement. In Geneva, US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke met with European representatives to to find solutions for the Bosnian conflict. Russia has been openly angered by the NATO air strikes. The main obstacle to ending the war has been the division of land and political power. A brief statement is made by US Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke. Footage includes numerous pictures of Bosnian Serb, tanks, artillery and heavy weapons, and Holbrooke meeting with Russia's representatives. Tony Birtley reports on the lifting of the siege over Sarajevo. The UN opened two roads leading to Sarajevo on the Serb-held territory, which have enabled trucks carrying food to enter the city. Since the shelling of Sarajevo halted, commercial trucks have been bringing food into Sarajevo. A unidentified Sarajevo woman states it is because America that the siege has been lifted. Fuad ©isic, a Sarajevo doctor, states that the chances for peace are good as long as the shelling and shooting is discontinued. Hasana, a Sarajevo woman wounded in the marketplace massacre, states that she does not think she will be able to accept peace, but it is good to try to protect future generations from all her generation went through. Footage includes the landing of the first NATO cargo plane, UN food convoy passing through a Bosnian Serb checkpoint, people in the streets of Sarajevo, a Sarajevo indoor market place, and a Sarajevo hospital. John McWethy reports from the USS America on the readiness of US bombers to respond to any Serb aggression. An incident where two shoulder launched missiles were fired on Bosnian Serb territory on a NATO air patrol is mentioned. US airplanes have been dropping practice bombs around their aircraft carrier and keep on drawing out plans for more bombing mission in cases that Sarajevo is shelled again or Bosnian Serb radars are turned on. If the Bosnian Serbs do withdraw and stay away, limited air strikes will prove a successful tool of diplomacy. A brief treatment is made by Admiral Leighton Smith. Footage includes US fighter planes on the USS America, US planes dropping practice bombs in the sea, and US planes taking off and landing on the carrier. Peter Jennings briefly reports on US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke's efforts to convince the Bosnian government and Croat forces to discontinue their offensive on the Bosnian Serb territory. Footage includes US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke's meeting with Bosnian government and Bosnian Croat leaders. September 20, 1995: Peter Jennings briefly reports that the Bosnian Serb army has withdrawn enough weapons to satisfy the peace agreement provisions. Mike Lee reports from Banja Luka. Bosnian government and Bosnian Croat assault has resulted in many Bosnian Serb refugees fleeing the countryside towards Banja Luka [Northwest Bosnia]. Serb officials stated that the lined up bodies shown in the report are that of civilians who were ambushed in trying to flee the Bosnian government offensive. The Bosnian Serb refugees are now seeking shelter in Serb-held Banja Luka, which used to have a large Bosnian Muslim population. The flight of thousands of Bosnian Serb civilians from the countryside raises the danger that Serbia itself could get involved in the conflict. Footage of the following is available: teenagers in a dance club Bosnian Serb army firing shells, a village burning in the hills, Bosnian Serb civilian corpses, cars with numerous bullet holes, and Bosnian Serb refugees fleeing Bosnian government forces on horse-drawn carriages. September 21, 1995: Mike Lee reports on Bosnia Serb refugees passing through Omarska on their way to Banja Luka. There are 5000 Bosnian Serb refugees in Omarska jostling for blankets and supplies. Many of the refugees, mostly farming families, are unaware that the town was once used as a torture center for Bosnian Muslims. Footage includes Bosnian Serb refugees receiving blankets in Omarska and fixing their vehicles, and Omarska detention camp prisoners. Peter Jennings briefly reports on two US pilots who were wounded while on mission to find two missing French airmen, whose plane was shot down during on of the bombing raids over Bosnia. September 28, 1995: Peter Jennings reports that the Clinton administration's goal in Bosnia remains a multi-ethnic, multi-religious country. Sheila MacVicar reports on the town of Kljuc and village of Ramici which is now held by Bosnian government forces. Kljuc used to be one of the town where people of different religions and ethnicities lived together. There used to be 25.000 people living before the war, but now most of the Serb have fled when the Bosnian government army took over. The report describes the enormous fear among the Bosnian Serbs who fled Kljuc and Ramici. Interviewed is Mizra Sacik, a15-year-old Muslim boy, who describes the massive fleeing of Bosnian Serbs. The destitution of the Ramici village, in the hills above Kljuc, documents the haste in which Bosnian Serb left the area. Meals were left half-eaten and family treasure and photos were not packed. As the Bosnian government forces advanced to the area, alleged mass graves of Bosnian Muslims who were killed at the beginning of the war [1992] were found. Asim Egrlic, the mayor of Kljuc, states that there is strong evidence that all the 570 people on the missing list are buried in the mass grave found near Ramici. Local people claim to know of two other mass graves in the area. Footage includes: houses abandoned by Bosnian Serbs, an alleged mass grave, the inside of an abandoned house in Ramici, destroyed and burned houses October 4, 1995: Peter Jennings reports on the continuous NATO air strikes, this time in self-defense after a missile radar locked on the NATO aircraft. UN reports that Croatian forces have committed atrocities against Serbian civilians in the Krajina region. Sheila MacVicar reports from the Varivode village on the systematic murders of elderly Serb civilians in the Krajina region. Fourteen elderly Serbs stayed behind after Croatian offensive, nine of them were killed. Interviewed is Branka Kovic, a Serb woman, whose parents, both over 70 years, were gunned down on their porch by Croatian forces. UN officials describe such incidents as a systematic campaign to drive the few remaining Serbs out of Krajina. The UN has recorded 125 murders of Serb civilians, most of them over 60 years of age, in the two months since Croatian forces gained control over Krajina. In August the UN recorded what happened in Grubari, where houses were set on fire and residents were murdered. Outside of the village, the UN found a long line of Croatian police vehicles. A brief statement is made by UN Spokesman Alun Roberts. Croatian government officials promised Serbs who decided to stay that they would be safe. Footage of burning houses, Croatian police cars, and numerous pools of blood are available, the building where the Croatian police force in Zadar is located, and Branka Kovic lighting candles on her parent's porch.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 20 min
    BA703
    World News Tonight, October 5, 12, 13, 17, 18, 20, 27, 31, 1995 (news)
    October 5, 1995: Brit Hume reports on the cease-fire agreement to terminate all military activities beginning October 10, 1995, if certain conditions are met. The conditions are the restoration of gas and electricity in Sarajevo and the opening of the Sarajevo-Gorazde road. After the cease-fire goes into effect, peace talks are scheduled to begin in the US on October 25, 1995. The talks will be in the form of proximity talks, led by US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke. There is also a report on the withdrawal of UN troops from Bosnia. Statements are made by President Clinton and US Secretary of State Warren Christopher. Footage of US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke shaking hands with Croatia's President Franjo Tudjman, heavy guns being fired, and US troops is included. John McWethy reports on the meeting of NATO defense ministers in Williamsburg, Virginia where the deployment of NATO troops in Bosnia is discussed. US's pledge to send 25.000 troops to Bosnia for a year could cost up to $2 billion. The UN announced the withdrawal of one third of its forces. Bosnia would eventually be separated into peacekeeping areas. US forces would include thousands of special operations troops. Statements are made by US Secretary of State William Perry and US General Anthony Zinny. Footage includes: US ground-troops in getting on helicopters, US troops on practice fields, and Bosnian government soldiers (?). October 12, 1995: Peter Jennings reports on Bosnian government troops trying to capture Sanski Most, despite the cease-fire agreement. Situated near a highway, capturing this town would allow Bosnian government forces to keep tabs on Bosnian Serb troop movement.
    October 13, 1995: Peter Jennings reports on the State Departments claim that Bosnian Serb troops have continued have continued to expel Bosnian Muslim civilians from the Banja Luka area. Many of the men from Banja Luka have disappeared.
    October 17, 1995: John McWethy reports on Congress' hearings regarding the deployment of US troops in Bosnia. Congressmen are shown addressing various concerns in regard to sending US troops to Bosnia. Secretary of State Warren Christopher argued that there will be no peace without US participation in the peacekeeping force. With a cost of up to $1.5 billion for one year, the responsibility of these troops still remains unclear. Sound bites of the following politicians are included: Senator Craig Thomas, Senator Dianne Feinstein, Senator John Warner, Joint Chairman John Shalikashvili, and Senator William Cohen.
    October 18, 1995: John McWethy is reporting again from Capitol Hill, on the ongoing debate between Congressmen regarding the possible human and financial costs of sending US troops to Bosnia. Though the President does not need formal approval from Congress, he needs general support from Congress and the American people. Congress does have to vote, though, on the approval of the $1.5 needed for the troops. Statements are made by Rep. Randy Cunningham, Secretary of Defense William Perry, Rep. Joel Hefley, Secretary of Defense William Perry, and Rep. John Kasich.
    Mike Lee reports on life in the town of Gorazde, a predominantly Bosnian Muslim town of 60.000, but which is surrounded by Bosnian Serb forces. The Bosnian Serb army allows the UN to bring in limited supplies only because NATO threatened with renewed air strikes if the army would try to starve or attack Gorazde.The report documents how Gorazde's citizens are coping with the lack of basic living supplies. IIjija, a young boy, states that there is no school and no soap. A statement is made by Jean Luc Joliat of the International Red Cross.There is also brief mention of the two French NATO airmen whose plane was shot down. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic is shown stating that the Frenchmen were kidnapped from the hospital where they were treated. Footage includes: children in Gorazde waving to UN trucks, people in the street of Gorazde, UN trucks passing through Bosnian Serb military checkpoints around the city, empty butcher shop, empty cafe, Gorazde hospital, makeshift generators, and children getting candy from UN soldiers.

    October 20, 1995: John McWethy reports on new ethnic cleansing which has been going on around Northwestern Bosnian. Muslim women and children are arriving in refugee camps with more accounts of men and boys being separated from their families. Nicolas Burns, White House Spokesman, state that around 6,200 refugees have fled from Banja Luka, and an estimated 2000 to 3000 of these people are missing. Officials fear that these men and boys are victims of mass murder, as in the case of the mass grave near Sanski Most. Many Bosnian Muslims living around Banja Luka were forced to wear white arm bands and their homes had white lines painted on them. The following footage is available: Bosnian Muslim women and children arriving in refugee camps, refugees getting of trucks, bodies of executed men, and an alleged mass grave near Sanski Most.

    October 27, 1995: John McWethy reports on the agreement between Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev and US Secretary of Defense William Perry to have their troops serve together in Bosnia. The troops will be member of a special operations unit which will perform special engineering, transport and construction activities. This unit will not be a part of the NATO forces, as required by Russia. US and Russian governments still have reserves towards each other. Footage of US and Russian troops practicing in Fort Riley, Kansas, teaching each other to dance, and Russian UN troops are included. Sound bites of US Secretary of Defense, William Perry, and Russian Defense Minister, Pavel Grachev are includes, as well.

    October 31, 1995: Brit Hume is reporting the day before the beginning of the Dayton Peace negotiations. President Clinton's speech directed at Congress in the hope to gain support for his mission in Bosnia is highlighted. Administration official believe that if the Dayton talks produce an agreement, that in itself will change the political atmosphere in Congress.
    David Ensor reports on the influence Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic has over Bosnian Serbs in the upcoming Dayton peace talks. Senior American officials asked for Milosevic to be investigated for charges of war crimes. Reports have also come about linking Milosevic's top military commander to the mass killings in the Srebrenica area. Statements are made by Senate Majority Leader Robert Dole and White House Spokesman Nicholas Burns. Footage includes Milosevic meeting the press at the Belgrade (?) airport, Milosevic visiting JNA troops, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac's footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, and Milosevic boarding a plane.
    Jack Greenfield gives insight into why the Wright-Patterson Air Base in Dayton, Ohio was chosen as the place for the Bosnia peace negotiations. A brief statement is made by a Dayton native. Footage of the air force base, the town, and President Clinton getting off a helicopter is included.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA704
    World News Tonight, November 1, 3, 10, 15, 16, 17, 21, 1995 (news)
    November 1, 1995: In Philadelphia, Peter Jennings reports on the Dayton Peace Accords. David Ensor gives an account of the Dayton (Ohio) Peace Negotiations between Slobodan Milosevic, President of Yugoslavia, Franjo Tudjman, President of Croatia, Bosnian Muslim President Alija Izetbegovic, and US Secretary of State Warren Christopher. Christopher states that he holds those present accountable in either promoting or preventing a peace treaty. Report also gives a brief explanation of the main issues expected to be agreed upon. Footage included of refugees on trucks, and Muhamed ©acirbej, Bosnia's Foreign Minister talking to reporters (even though Warren Christopher asked the leaders not to give statements to reporters).
    November 3, 1995: Peter Jennings reports on Milosevic's shopping excursion in one of Dayton, OH's malls.
    November 10, 1995: Peter Jennings reports on the peace talks in Dayton. Hillary Brown reports on the most pressing issue in the peace talks - the future of Sarajevo. Zlatko Lagumdzija, a Muslims economics professor, Dr. Bakir Nakac (sp), a Muslim, Silvana Maric, a Croat, Mira Skert, a Serb, and Plamenka Mikulic (Serb?) give their opinions on the idea of splitting Sarajevo along ethnic lines. The following footage is included: Sarajevo churches representing the three main religions, destroyed National Library in Sarajevo, pedestrians on the streets of Sarajevo, and barricades set up to divide the city along ethnic lines.
    The second part of the newsreport is the "Person of the Week" focusing on the slain Nigerian peace activist, Ken Saro-Wiwa. Discussed are the Ogoni people whose inhabitat sits on extensive oil fields, the Shell Oil support of Nigeria's military regime, the environmental damage caused by oil companies, as well as military suppression of freedom and independence fighters.
    November 15, 1995: Peter Jennings briefly reports that the talks in Dayton reached a critical point; hence, Secretary of State Warren Christopher is planning on returning from his Japan trip and remaining for the duration of the talks.
    November 16, 1995: Peter Jennings reports on the Tribunal's indictiments of Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his militray commander Ratko Mladic. Both are chraged with directing the massare of Bosnian Muslim civilians after the fall of Srebrenica.
    November 17, 1995: Peter Jennings gives a brief update on the Dayton Peace talks. The main report deals with the legal issue of the US President putting US troops under the command of a foreign government, in this case the UN. The case of Mike New, a US army medic, who refused to place himself under the UN command is discussed. Ron Ray, his defense attorney in the court marshal, gives a brief statement regarding New's legal rights. Footage of US soldiers in Bosnia is included.
    November 21, 1995: Peter Jennings reports from Phoenix on the signed peace treaty. In Ohio, David Ensor reports on the time it took to get an agreement that each party could agree to. There is also discussion on the Bosnian special request for US troops, the refugee issue, the Congress debate surrounding deployment of US troops, and US troops training in Gemany. Statements regarding the signed Treaty and its provisions are made by President Clinton, Richard Holbrooke, Assistant Secretary of State, Muhamed ©acirbej, Bosnian Foreign Minister, and Rep. Newt Ginrich, Speaker of the House. Futher statements regarding the training of US troops and what they should expect in Bosnia are made by US soldiers Col. Dean Cash, Sgt. William Howell, Lt. Col. William Blankmeyer, Sgt. Bradley, 1st Lt. Thomas Trinter, and Master Col. Bob McCann of the Canadian army.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA705

  562. World News Tonight, November 21, 22, 23, 25, 29, 1995, and an additional unidentified day (news)
    November 22, 1995: President Clinton does not need Congress' approval to send US troops to Bosnia, but the stakes are high if he does not have any public support. Jim Whooten reports from D.C. about President Clinton's immediate task to explain and defend his decision for the deployment of 20,000 US troops in Bosnia. The report outlines President Clinton's strategy for winning the approval of the American people, beginning with a national radio address and ending with the signing of the Peace Treaty in Paris. 60,000 NATO troops, 20,000 will move into Bosnia with or without the support of republican leaders. Statements are made by President Clinton, Senator Bob Dole and Senator Phil Gramm. Footage includes: President Clinton serving food at a homeless shelter, US Army Survey Team soldiers and President Clinton and Secretary of State Madeleine Albright getting off a plane. Ron Allen reports from Sarajevo on the return of the Bosnian government delegation from Paris. Stating that negotiators have done the best they could President Alija Izetbegovic returned from the Paris Peace signing. His Prime Minister, Haris Silajdzic, stresses the importance of the implementation, which follows the signing of the treaty. Discussed are some of the provisions of the peace agreement which many Bosnians feel very skeptic about. Indicted war criminals, particularly indicted Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadzic and his General Ratko Mladic are to be banned from power. Nikola Koljevic, Karadzic's deputy, called the plan a big mistake and that no one had the right to sign it on the Bosnian Serb behalf . The general feeling among Bosnian Serbs is that of betrayal. Sarajevo is to be an open and unified city. Both sides will have to remove barricades and troops situated along the front lines. The 1 million refugees will have the right to reclaim their homes or receive compensation. To many Bosnian Muslim refugees it seems impossible to live on Bosnian Serb territory. A Bosnian Serb and a Bosnian Muslim refugee woman comment on the peace treaty. Footage features crowds welcoming the Bosnian government delegation in Sarajevo, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic greeting General Ratko Mladic, Serb civilians walking around Ilidza, barriers around the city of Sarajevo, a barricade being removed in Sarajevo, images of Sarajevo's suburb Grbavica, Bosnian Muslim refugee women, a Bosnian Muslim woman carrying a blanket during winter time, and Bosnian Serb TV footage of a Bosnian Serb woman in Ilidza commenting on the peace agreement. In return for Bosnian Serb signing of the treaty, the UN voted to suspend economic sanctions against Serbia, and to ease the arms embargo of the Bosnian government. November 23, 1995: The leader of the Bosnian Serbs has accepted the US-brokered peace agreement to end the four-year long war in Bosnia, despite the opposition by some Bosnian Serb officials. Jim Bidderman reports from Bad Kreuznach in Germany where US troops are stationed. Several US soldiers comment about their possible deployment in Bosnia. Statements are made by 1st Armored Division Specialist Anthony Mitchell, 1st Brigade Commander Colonel Gregory Fontenot, Communications Officer Mike Pedrosa (sp.?), and his wife Debbie. Footage includes a US soldier and his family praying over a thanksgiving dinner, a thanksgiving church service, and the Pedrosa family thanksgiving dinner. Tony Birtley reports from Tuzla air base in northeast Bosnia, future air base for the American troops in Bosnia. The airbase has been a target of Bosnian government soldiers frequently raiding the place for food and equipment and Bosnian Serb shelling which it used to be subjected to before the cease-fire. There is also an abundance of abandoned land mines and unexploded bombs which are strewn all over the area. Aside from the Tuzla airport, US troops will be covering a mountainous area of around 2,000 square miles where the front line between the Bosnian Serb and Bosnian government forces lies. Anti-American sentiments are high among Bosnian Serbs in Tuzla. Tuzla is also the home to 60,000 Bosnian Muslim refugees who fled Srebrenica after it was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces. Two Bosnian Serb young men comment on the arrival of US troops. UN spokesman Lt. Col. Chris Vernon and Sead Avdic, Deputy Mayor of Tuzla make a brief statement. Footage includes: a helicopter landing in Tuzla air base, Bosnian Serb tank fire, an unexploded bomb, UN checkpoint at Tuzla airport, and soldiers (which army?) along the front line in Northern Bosnia, Bosnian Muslim refugees. Ron Allen reports from Sarajevo on the results of the peace negotiations in Serbia. Serbian television reported that Serbian president Milosevic convinced Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to implement the peace plan in its entirety. This means that Karadzic and General Ratko Mladic would have to step down from their positions because they have been indicted for crimes against humanity. According to Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic, this move is important, as it will help to implement peace in Bosnia. There is concern that the Bosnian Serbs and their army would attempt to destroy the deal. Statements are made by former European Union Mediator Lord Owen, and a Bosnian Serb soldier. Footage includes: Serbian TV footage of their opening credits, Karadzic speaking at a Bosnian Serb parliament meeting, General Mladic greeting UN soldiers, Bosnian Serb soldiers, Bosnian Serb TV interviewing a Bosnian Serb soldier, street life in the Serb enclave of Sarajevo. November 28, 1995: The issue of the deployment of US troops in Bosnia has now come to question US credibility in international affairs. John McWethy reports on President Clinton's efforts to gather support for his Bosnia policy. President Clinton lobbied in Congress and then brought both party leaders for a question-answer session at the White House. He emphasized that the values, the interest of the American people, the leadership of the country, and the partnership with US allies is at stake. Highlighted is also the split between Republican party members, particularly Senator Bob Dole and Senator Phil Gramm. The Senate Arms Committee condluded that the President must be supported on this issue. Statements are made by Senator Bob Dole, Senator Phil Gramm, Senator Mitch McConnell, former National Security Advisor Brent Scowcroft, and former Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger. Footage includes US soldiers in training, US soldiers boarding a helicopter, UN helicopter taking off Tuzla airport. President Clinton is determined to send troops to Bosnia with or without the approval of Congress. According to a survey, the majority of the American public opposes the sending of US troops to Bosnia. Some Republicans claim that President Clinton is more likely to gain support for his Bosnia policy if he is flexible regarding the budget negotiations. Brit Hume reports on President Clinton's visit to Britain where he is to participate in the Ireland peace talks. In regards to the Bosnia peace agreement, British Prime Minister John Major hailed the brokered peace agreement as a breakthrough deserving the military support of both countries. President Clinton later addressed both houses of Parliament in Westminster Hall. Footage includes President Clinton shaking hands with Prime Minister John Major, President Clinton speaking in Westminster Hall, President Clinton and Hillary Clinton greeting Queen Elizabeth and Prince Phillip. The first American soldiers whose duty is to prepare the air base arrived in Tuzla. Thousands of Serbs demonstrated in Iladja (suburb of Sarajevo) against loosing three Sarajevo suburbs to the Bosnian government. Unidentified day: Ever since the plan for sending US troops to Bosnia has been announced, many Republicans in Congress have been critical. John McWethy reports on the congressional turnaround in supporting the President's decision to send troops to Bosnia. Report is cut off.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 13 min
    BA706
    World News Tonight, unidentified day from tape 706, December 1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 1995 (news)
    This report is missing the beginning part. John McWethy reports on Congress' discussion over US troops being sent to Bosnia. Brief statements are made by Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison, Representative Jim Leach, Representative Toby Roth, and Secretary of Defense William Perry. Sheila MacVicar reports from Tuzla airport where US engineers are underway in checking-out the airport infrastructure. The possibility of widening the ramps is looked into with great care as the fields surrounding the runways are heavily mined. UN troops are also looking into widening the roads leading away from the airport, but there are mines there, as well. Brief statements are made by US Air Force Colonel Neal Patton, and Captain Thomas Stenberg of the Swedish De-Mining Force. Footage includes US soldiers measuring the runway and checking the ground for mines, UN soldiers checking for mines, UN trucks on the roads leading to the airport.

    December 1, 1995: Peter Jennings reports on the NATO alliance's formal approval for an international troop deployment in Bosnia. John McWethy reports on the largest the deployment of NATO forces in Europe since WWII. Most of the US troops will go to Bosnia by road through Hungary; the British and French forces will go in by sea. Bosnia will be carved in four operating zones. Around 30 nations will participate. US General John Shalikashvili, Chairman of Joint Chief of Staff, explains that NATO forces will not be a police force, will not conduct nation building, will not have the mission of disarming individuals, and will not move civilians. The NATO deployment will be accompanied by a civilian force that will work on nation building, feeding the people, resettling the refugees, and set up elections. Footage includes NATO troops getting ready to leave for Bosnia, a map outlining the divisions of unidentified NATO generals, Russian troops marching under a US commander, UN soldiers, NATO plane taking off, US troops marching, Bosnian children. Sheila MacVicar reports from the front line on the Serb-held town of Brcko where fighting over the town continues. Brcko's future has not been determined as Bosnian government soldiers refuse to give up the town to the Bosnian Serb army. A village hospital hidden behind the front lines is shown, it's doctors discussing the latest peace agreement. They say that America should make it possible for them to go back home. Statements are made by Defense Secretary William Perry, Ahmed Sulimanovic (sp), and Dr. Samir Sadic, a Muslim doctor are included. Footage includes Bosnian government frontline, Brcko suburb visible through fog, village hospital operating rooms, and hospital patients.

    INCLUDE CLINTON'S BRIEF SPEECH?

    December 5, 1995:
    While the debate in Congress continues, President Clinton has won important political support for his mission in Bosnia. Former Presidents Bush and Ford, and General Colin Powell have all stated that US prestige is on the line and the time for debate is over. Sheila MacVicar reports on the US reconnaissance team in Tuzla, whose duty is to get the area ready for the arrival of US troops. The team's mission is to find locations for helicopter landing pads and tent cities. The team also sought advice from UN peacekeepers who have been in the area since the war began. The reconnaissance team's orders are to keep a low profile and to negotiate their way out of trouble. US Gen. Stan Cherry, 1st Armored Division, gives an insight into the some of the rules and concerns of the IFOR. Footage features: US soldiers checking out a bridge, UN cars and tanks driving through a street, and numerous reporters surrounding a UN tank.
    John Cochran reports on the Republican party split between Majority Leader Bob Dole and his deputy Trent Lott and his supporters regarding a bill drafted in support of the President sending US troops to Bosnia. The reason for the split is that the bill comes off a backing President Clinton's plan. President Clinton met with three Bosnian refugee families who told him Americans are essential for peace. Statements are made by Senator Bob Dole, Senator Jesse Helms, and President Clinton. Peter Jennings briefly reports on US troops in Mannheim, Germany loading up their gear on trains destined to Kaposvar, Hungary. Footage of US troops loading cargo trains is available.

    December 6, 1995: John McWethy reports on the continuing debate between President Clinton's foreign policy team and US Congressmen regarding the expected length of stay. The whole world is watching the congressional debate regarding US involvement in Bosnia, which is making some Congressmen uncomfortable. The main reason for debate is the length of stay as some Senators feel that one year is not long enough to bring about peace. Footage includes US soldiers caught in Bosnia's early snow. The German parliament vote overwhelmingly to send 4,000 German soldiers to Bosnia. Around 3800 US reserve members will serve alongside their 16,000 active duty fellow soldiers. Aaron Brown reports on US troops around the country's military bases working on updating their wills, and getting refresher courses before leaving for Bosnia. Sound bites are available of the following politicians and soldiers: Assistant Secretary of State, Richard Holbrooke, Sen. James Inhofe, Defense Secretary William Perry, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. John Shalikashvili, and Senior Airmen Renelle Sym and Butch Gooden. Footage of US troops arriving in snowy Bosnia is available, as well as US troops boarding planes headed for Bosnia.

    December 7, 1995: John McWethy reports on demonstrations among Bosnian Serbs whose Sarajevo neighborhood fell under the control of the Bosnian government, as a result of the peace treaty. While more peacekeepers are arriving to Sarajevo, Bosnian Serb demonstrators state there will be no peace in Sarajevo until the treaty is renegotiated. President Clinton is still alone in his determination to send troops to Bosnia. One hundred eighty-three senators signed a letter urging him not to send troops overseas. Statements are made by the following politicians: Nicholas Burns, White House Spokesperson, Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke, Rep. David Funderburk, and Rep. Jack Metcalf.

    December 8, 1995:
    President Clinton officially put out the order for 3800 reserves to report for duty in Bosnia. John McWethy reports on the change in tactics by President Clinton in his effort to win Congress' approval for sending US troops to Bosnia. Clinton states that US-European relations would be damaged if the US backed out of Bosnia. On Capitol Hill, half a dozen veterans came out against sending troops to Bosnia. In Bosnia, UN peace keepers are working on knocking down destroyed houses, and in London 43 nations met to set up the civilians force which will do everything else the military cannot do. The US is providing $600 million, a fraction of the $10-$20 billion needed to rebuild Bosnia. Footage included: a UN bulldozer knocking out a house, and refugees cooking outside.
    Sheila MacVicar's report from the Posavina corridor is cut off. Sound bites from Secretary of State Warren Christopher, and Ken Wolford of the AMVETS are available.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA707, Date ?:
    ABC World News Tonight, December 8, continued from tape 707 and December 14, 15, 19, 1995, and CBS Evening News with Dan Rather, unidentified days, may be December 14, 19, 1995 (news)

    Report is cut off. Sheila MacVicar reports on the Swedish UN peace keepers in the Posavina Corridor. This force will join the incoming NATO forces. Several soldiers, including Captain Carl Tiselius, Major Jonas Frobert, speak and give advice for the American troops.
    December 12: A major obstacle has been overcome at the peace conference. John McWethy reports from Tuzla on the release of the two French pilots who were shot down and held prisoner by the Bosnian Serbs. The pilots were released only after Milosevic threatened to arrest Mladic if he does not release them. The Bosnian Serb army released a video shot after the French pilots were captured in the summer during a bombing raid on Bosnian Serb territory. In Tuzla, American troops were having difficulty landing cargo planes because of inclement weather. Bosnian Serbs refused to cooperate with an American patrol team in central Bosnia saying that Americans will not be welcome even when a peace agreement is signed. The UN base in Tuzla is still within range of Bosnian Serb artillery in nearby hills. However, UN peacekeepers who have been in Bosnia since the war started say the Americans are overreacting the threats they will face in Bosnia. Statements are made by US Army Lieutenant Colonel Sid Kooyman, UN peacekeeper Seargent Major Harries, and Mark Bartolini, International Rescue Committee.
    Footage includes: Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic saying "bon voyage" to the French soldiers while handing them over to the French Chief of Staff, Mladic at a press conference after the hand-over of the pilots, video footage of the shot down French plane and the French soldiers being held up by Bosnian Serb soldiers, US cargo planes landing on Tuzla airport in dense fog.

    Sheila MacVicar reports from Sarajevo on the referendum where Bosnian Serbs were asked whether they were willing to live under Bosnian government rule. Even though they came out to the referendum, most feel their opinion will not change the peace agreement. Several Bosnian Serb Sarajevans are interviewed and the general consensus is that the Serbs fear the Muslims will kill them in retaliation for the war. Since almost any family has a male member serving in the Bosnian Serb army, and they say that without an amnesty they will not be safe. The Bosnian government has given assurances that Serbs not accused of war crimes will be well treated, but many Bosnian Serbs distrust this assurance. Footage includes pictures of Bosnian Serb-held Sarajevo suburbs in the winter, and Bosnian Serbs standing in line to cast their ballots
    Peter Jennings reports on how in Germany the thousands of land mines that were placed around the border along East and West Germany had been cleared. In Bosnia, there are an estimated two to three million mines left to be cleared.

    December 13: Forest Sawyer reports on President Clinton's trip to Paris for the signing of the peace treaty, while Congress continues to debate President Clinton's decision to send troops to Bosnia. Although Senate decided not to cut the funds, but continued to debate if they should condemn Clinton's Bosnia policy anyway.

    John Cochran reports on the House vote regarding the Senate debate whether to cut off the funding for the Bosnia plan. President Clinton did his lobbying from the White House with holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel who has always supported US involvement in Bosnia. House Republicans are more in favor of completely cutting off the funding of the troops than the Senate. Congress’ mixed message regarding Bosnia has made it a peripheral player in the Bosnian conflict.
    Statements are made by Senator Phil Gramm, Senator Bob Dole, Senator Dianne Feinstein, Vice President Al Gore, and President Clinton, and Representative Joe Scaraborough. Footage includes President Clinton boarding a plane to Paris, Congress members debating, and President Clinton with Elie Wisel.

    John McWethy reports from Tuzla on the poor weather conditions which are causing delays in the initial American troop preparations for the Bosnian peace mission. There are fewer US troops then were expected, and the ones that are in Tuzla are scouting for living quarters at a UN base occupied by Pakistani soldiers. Only half the planes scheduled to land actually did so. In the upcoming months, small teams of US soldiers will be placed with each non-NATO contingent of troops, making sure they understand the orders given by American commanders. More than 10,000 non-American soldiers will be operating under US command. Statements are made by US Air Force M/Sergeant Edward McDonald, US Army Major Joe Ciampini, and US Army Major Taylor Beittie. Other footage included: snowed out US satellite, planes trying to land in dense fog, US soldiers being snowed at in Tuzla airport, and a US commander shaking hands with a Pakistani soldier.

    A labor strike going on in Paris has been making the Bosnian peace treaty signing a traffic and logistics nightmare. Under the peace agreement all 3.5 million refugees have the right to return home.
    Jim Whooten reports on refugee children in Tuzla who will continue to remain displaced despite the treaty's promise of repatriation. Housed in an old school building, many of these children saw their mothers die and do not know if their fathers are alive. The reality of the promise of repatriation for Bosnia refugees is an illusion. Due to circumstances these children cannot go home. Statements are made by several refugees. Footage is available of refugee children having a snowball fight, refugees housed in the school building, and children dancing at the orphanage.

    CBS News, Date ?:
    In Tuzla, Dan Rather reports on Bosnian Muslim refugees living in refugee camps and villages. A refugee camp is shown where homes were built by a Swedish humanitarian organization. Most of the refugees are women and children, whose husbands and fathers stayed at the front. All of the refugees hope they will be able to go home one day, but realize that is not possible.
    Interviewed is Sevala Abdic, a Bosnian Muslim refugee woman, whose husband stayed behind to defend Srebrenica after it was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces. Other footage includes: pictures of Bosnian women and children separated from their men after Srebrenica was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic and UN observers standing by as Bosnian Muslims are separated, life in the refugee camp.

    December 14, 1998:
    Peter Jennings reports form Paris on the signing of the Paris Peace Treaty. This peace would have not been possible without President Clinton leading the way in negotiations. Even though the treaty was signed there still were three minor rocket attacks in Sarajevo. Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic signed for the Bosnian Serbs, and Bosnian government President Alija Izetbegovic stated that signing the treaty was like taking a bitter pill. Footage of a young woman crying, a body being carried in a blanket, and a building hit by a rocket.
    President Clinton was happy that Congress failed to undermine his Bosnia plan. Resolutions to cut off funding for US troops in Bosnia were defeated in Congress.
    Brit Hume reports on President Clinton’s meeting in Paris with Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, and Bosnian government President Alija Izetbegovic. President Clinton stated that all three leaders are aware of what the problems are and confident they can be overcome. He announced an $85 million economic aid package for Bosnia, adding that no outside force can guarantee a lasting peace in Bosnia. He also appealed to all Bosnians to make the beast of the peace agreement in the name of the generations to come.
    The agreement signed in Paris sets off the large scale deployment of American and other troops.
    John McWethy reports on the deployment of US troops in Bosnia and the continuing weather problems. While dense fog has caused a major setback for the moving of troops and equipment [from Italy], US troops in Germany and Hungary continue with their move towards Bosnia. With the peace agreement now signed, serious deadlines will have to be met some of which might need American firepower. In the following days, the treaty calls for all Bosnian Serb radar’s to be shut down, all prisoners of war are to be released, civilians must give up their weapons, and foreign troops have to leave the country. The report is cut off. A statement is made by US Air Force Colonel Neal Patton. Footage includes US troops in Bosnia and Germany, a Bosnian Serb antiaircraft radar, prisoners of war, civilians carrying rifles, and the mujahedin.
    Producer: ABC News; CBS United States/English language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA708, Date ?:
    ABC News: World News Tonight, December 14, December 15, 19, 1995; CBS Evening News with Dan Rather, 2 reports (news)
    December 12, 1995
    This report is a continuation of the John McWethy tape 708 report regarding the peace agreement provisions.Timeline the surrender of weaponry and territories presented. Footage included: a map detailing the divisions of Bosnia, US tanks in camouflage, and Bosnian civilians at voting polls.
    Jim Wooten reports from the village of Vide Zvaha (sp?) where the American troops will be stationed. Throughout the war the village was successfully defended by the Bosnian Muslim and Croat fighters. A brief statement by a local Bosnian commander, Izudan Lipovac, and a few other soldiers included. Other footage includes destroyed houses covered by snow, the devastated village school, Bosnian Serb frontlines near the village, Bosnian soldiers drinking coffee in their bunkroom.
    Sheila MacVikar reports on an incident of random violence in Sarajevo on the day of the signing of the Dayton peace agreement in Paris. Four rocket-propelled grenades were fired on Sarajevo. A French helicopter was hit as it flew over Bosnian government army positions. The pediatric ward at Sarajevo's Kosevo hospital now has only one child recovering from war wounds. Two Sarajevans express their hopes for the peace agreement. Statement by UN Spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Chris Vernon included. Footage includes: UN inspectors checking out damages from a grenade, a French helicopter, Sarajevans boarding a bus, Kosevo's pediatric staff, two pediatric patients, and people in the streets of Sarajevo.
    Peter Jennings interviews President Clinton on the way to Paris on Air Force. President Clinton left the country without the significant public support for the military mission he has committed to. President Clinton comments on the peace agreement, on his motivation to commit the US troos the Bosnian conflict, on the final outcome of the peace agreement, on the position the US should take as the worlds only superpower, timeframe of the US mission in, on facing up to the first casualty in Bosnia, the political ramifications for him of the first casualty.
    CBS News with Dan Rather: December 18, 1995,
    An indicident involving the UN and US patrol near the town of Brcko mentioned. The status of Brcko remains unsettled by the peace accords. David Martin reports from Vicenza, Italy on the first US compat unit of 850 para-troopers, the Charlie Company, headed for Bosnia. Details of setting up the US base near Tuzla and the rules of engagement presented. Statements by Army Lieutenant Kenneth Simurdiak, Army Lieutenant Colonel Mike Scaparrotti, Company Commander Captain Malcolm Frost, Army Sniper Shooter SPC Bob Wojciechowicz, included. Footage includes US paratroopers, a scale model of Tuzla airport, US soldiers saying goodbye to their families.
    Dan Rather reports from Tuzla on the reaction of the local residents to the arrival of the US troops. Life in Tuzla is described through the look at the level of production in the local salt factory, city market, and the elementary school. Residents comment on the living conditions. Footage includes workers in the Tuzla salt factory, the farmer's market in Tuzla, a man loading coal into a building basement, refugees selling their possessions, and school children in a class.
    Dan Rather reports on the first week of US deployment ending in frustration due to the bad weather. Bosnian expect the US troops to bring lasting peace, to stimulate the wrecked economy, and fix the road to the airport. The US troops can provide some breathing space, but only the people of Bosnia can bring their nation peace.
    ABC World News Tonight, December 15, 1995:
    The Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic proclaimed the war in Bosnia over everywhere except in Sarajevo, where he still refuses to hand over the Serb-controlled parts of Sarajevo.
    John McWethy reports from Rammstein, Germany where a cargo plane has been trying for the sixth time to reach the US air base in Tuzla. Frustration due to the bad weather has been growing among the troops. Statements by Army Seargent Pennington, Air Force Colonel Neal Patton, and Air Force Pilot Captain Byron Holman. Footage includes a US cargo plane trying to land in Tuzla, cargo plane cockpit, US soldiers in dense fog on Tuzla airport, and the office of US Army communications (?).
    December 19, 1995:
    John McWethy reports from Tuzla on hand-over of authority from UNPROFOR to IFOR. Statements by UN Spokesperson Alexander Ivanko, Private Jannie Vessells, and Seargent Javier Montanez, included. Other footage includes: US soldiers looking for land mines, US soldiers carrying sacks, the hangar in Tuzla housing the US platoon.
    CBS News:
    A few US military planes landed in Bosnia to unload troops and equipment. In Sarajevo a sniper was active, injuring a woman. Footage included: a tram hit by the sniper fire, the injured woman being examined by a doctor (report cut off).
    Producer: ABC News; CBS United States/English language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA709
    ABC News: World News Tonight, December 21, 1995, January 15, 16, 17, 1996 and CBS Evening News with Dan Rather, December 18, 19, 1995 (news)
    December 18, 1995 - CBS News
    Report continued from tape 709. A woman was hit in the arm by sniper fire and took shattered glass in the eye. She was the first casualty after the peace treaty was signed in Paris.
    David Martin reports on the first 70 airborne combat troops landing in Tuzla. The landing in nighttime left many soldiers confused. Darkness threw a hitch in plans for taking over the airport. The soldiers will have to spend their first night in Bosnia sleeping out in the open. Statements are made by US Army Captain Scott Morrison and US Army Major Richard Hooker. Footage of the following is available: the wounded woman being examined by an eye doctor, US soldiers getting on the plane to Tuzla, US getting off the plane in Tuzla at nighttime, and confused US soldiers walking around the airport.
    Allen Pizzey reports from the Bosnia/Croatia border where the first armored division ran into trouble with Croatian railways and bridges not strong enough to carry US tanks. The mission of the division is to throw a pontoon bridge across the Sava river and open the way for the main force. A statement is made by Mato Ilak, a Zupanje local. Footage available: US tanks getting off the train-tracks, US soldiers taking train wagons (sp) apart, children sitting on a US tank, and a US tank convoy being led by Croatian police cars.
    December 19, 1995 - CBS News:
    More US equipment has been arriving in Bosnia, along with 1500 Russian soldiers who will be based in the American sector. On December 20, 1995, UN forces will hand over command to NATO forces.
    Bob Simon reports from Tuzla. Mine-clearing in front of the air base gate was the order of the day. On the edge of the front line Bosnian Muslim soldiers were clearing a minefield. Michael Steiner, TITLE, met with the mayor in the Serb-held suburb of Tuzla. Steiner pointed out the need for more tolerance in Bosnian Serb media broadcasting. Many Bosnian Serbs are distrustful of the Muslim authorities and see it as impossible to live with them. Two Bosnian Serb men give brief statements. Footage available: planes landing, US soldiers and equipment bring unloaded from a cargo plane, a Bosnian man jumping around a suspected mine area, a cemetery in the fog, and silhouettes of people walking in the fog.
    Allen Pizzey reports from Croatia where US troops are passing through on their way to Bosnia. Because army contractors did not come in before hand to rent the space, there is no place to put the troops and the equipment. Because the last station before entering Bosnia also serves the local people, several trains carrying US troops were stopped. A closed factory which was supposed to serve as a base for the troops went back into business, so the soldiers ended up having to spend the night in tanks and fighting vehicles. Brief statements are made by Petro Peric (sp), the Zupanje train-station master, and a US soldier. Other footage available: US engineers unloading containers with gear in them, backed-up trains loaded with military trucks, a closed factory, US soldiers being served breakfast at a local restaurant, and cars being transported on a ferry boat.

    December 21, 1995:
    Peter Jennings reports on the meeting between the American NATO Implementation Force commander Admiral Leighton Smith and the commanders of the three fractions in Bosnia. The reason for the briefing was to make sure all the commanders are on the same page.

    January 3, 1996:
    The State Department has asked for the release of civilians who have either been arrested or abducted by Bosnian Serbs near Sarajevo.
    Aaron Brown reports on US Secretary of State William Perry’s visit to US troops stationed in Tuzla, Bosnia. Even though the peace agreement guarantees the free movement around Bosnia, many Bosnians are still afraid. More than a dozen non-Serb taken by Bosnian Serb forces are still missing. In his statement, Perry points out that NATO is aware of this fear, but that it is not their duty [to build confidence among people]. Nura Ahmadinovic (sp), and1st Cavalry Squadron Lieutenant Charles Li make statements. Footage available: Secretary Perry taking a walk over the Sava bridge, civilians looking at a US tank pass by, streets of Sarajevo, and a US tank parked next to a "Mines" sign.
    Producer: ABC News; CBS United States/English language, Beta SP, 13 min
    BA710

  563. World News Tonight, January 17, 18, 19, 22, 24, 25, 1996 (news)
    NOTE: Other material on the tape briefly talks about Palestine, Haiti, and in large part about Chechnya. January 19, 1996: Peter Jennings gives an outline of what was required to happen during the first 30 days at the signing of the peace agreement. All the factions were required to pull back their troops one mile from the lines they were at before the peace agreement was signed. They all have done so, which enables NATO to patrol the zone of separation. All sides were required to provide NATO forces with plans for minefields. In many areas the parties have cooperated which allowed for 1400 minefields to be identified. The exchange of prisoners is proving to be difficult as only 225 prisoners of war have been exchanged. The Bosnian government still demands to know the fate of 25,000 Muslims, who, as they insist, the Bosnian Serbs have not accounted for. Many of the missing Muslims are presumed to be dead. US Secretary of State for Human Rights, John Shattuck, will travel to Bosnia to investigate alleged mass executions perpetrated by the Bosnian Serbs. David Ensor reports from Tuzla on surfacing evidence regarding alleged mass executions. Many NATO commanders believe it is not their duty to look into the allegations. Bosnian government television reported findings of a mass grave. More survivors are willing to speak out, as well. While pressures are rising to have NATO forces investigate the sites, they agreed to provide armed escorts to war crimes investigators, but refuse to guard them. Some Bosnian fear that without NATO's protection, crucial evidence of war crimes may be destroyed. Statements are made by NATO Ground Commander General Sir Michael Walter, Mevludin Orlic, a Srebrenica survivor, and Commander of the First Armored Division Colonel John Batiste. Footage included: an abandoned iron mine, British tank patrolling the mine, Bosnian government TV - a man going through human bones, Christian Science Monitor - human bones scattered in the soil near Srebrenica. January 22, 1996: David Ensor reports from Tuzla, on dozens of alleged mass graves throughout Bosnia which remain unguarded. Human rights activists are worried that NATO’s refusal to guard the sites will send the message that further killing will not be punished. The US has promised the war crimes court to guard the sites from the air. Statements are made by NATO commander Admiral Leighton Smith, Ivan Lupis of Human Rights Watch, NY, and US Assistant Secretary of State John Shattuck. Footage included: Judge Richard Goldstone on his trip to Bosnia, John Shattuck touring Srebrenica January 24, 1996: John McWethy reports that American troops in Bosnia have been on high alert because of a possible terrorist attack against American troops in Bosnia. Aisa Abdullah Ali, an American sympathizer of Islamic fundamentalism, who is suspected in the 1983 bombing of a US military base in Saudi Arabia, was sighted in Bosnia. US government worries were heightened by the sentencing of Sheik Omar Abdullah Rahman in New York for conspiracy to blow buildings such as the UN headquarters. Statements are made by US Secretary of State William Perry. Other footage available: US troops in Bosnia, para-military mujahedin soldiers, mug shots of Aisa Abdullah Ali, footage of the 1983 bombing of the US base of Saudi Arabia. In Sarajevo, the NATO Implementation Force suffered its first casualties. Two Portuguese and one Italian were killed when apparently some explosives at their base went off. January 25, 1996: The International War Crimes Tribunal will be taking a close look at a warehouse near Srebrenica where the walls are splattered with bullet holes and blood. Investigators suspect that Bosnian Muslim men were rounded up and killed in this ware house.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA711
    World News Tonight, January 25, 31, February 5, 6, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 1996 (news)
    January 31, 1996
    The commander of US forces in Europe, General George Joulwan, has said that he lacks forces to guard the 180 sites in Bosnia. Sheila MacVikar reports from the village of Ljolici where five Bosnian men are searching for remains of their relatives and neighbors. Farija Mucic (sp), one of the five survivors of the massacre explains what happened on September 19, 1992. Twenty-three men, women, and children were taken out of their homes during the night and were shot at a nearby hillside. Mucic named all the Bosnian Serb who participated in the massacres. He says they were his neighbors and co-workers. British forces patrol this area, but will not guard the site. Local Bosnian Muslims fear that the evidence might be destroyed by the time war crimes investigators arrive, as this area is scheduled to be returned to Bosnian Serb control.
    Footage included: pictures of the destroyed village, British NATO troops.
    February 5, 1996:
    John McWethy reports from Tuzla on the death of US First Sergeant Dugan. Pentagon officials say privately that Sergeant Dugan broke some cardinal rules and paid for it with his life. An eyewitness, Hajrudin Vukovic, states that Sergeant Dugan and another soldier were looking for mines in an area which was know to be a minefield. His death follows that of two Portuguese and one Italian soldier who died in Sarajevo as a result of a souvenir bomb exploding in the army barracks. Footage included: a US tank at a checkpoint, NATO soldiers carrying caskets of the soldiers who died in Sarajevo, and Sergeant Dugan’s body being carried to a plane.

    February 6, 1996:
    Peter Jennings reports that the Bosnian Serb have suspended contacts with the Bosnian government because after government officials caught eight Bosnian Serb soldiers and charged them with war crimes. Bosnian Serb officials believe it should be up to the International War Crimes Tribunal to decide.

    February 7, 1996:
    Peter Jennings reports on two disputes threatening the peace process. In Mostar, Bosnian Croats protesting against European officials who want to unify the Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Muslim section of Mostar. In Sarajevo, the Bosnian government refuses to release two Bosnian Serb officers who are suspected to have killed civilians. Bosnian Serbs are threatening with retaliation.

    February 8, 1996:
    US Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke will travel to Bosnia due to recent threats by Bosnian Serbs to retaliate against the Bosnian government. The Bosnian government has captured and accused two Bosnian Serb officers of war crimes.
    Linda Pattillo (sp) reports that much of the evidence of war crimes was not collected by Tribunal investigators, but by the Bosnian government. Bosnian Serb TV reported that Djordje Djukic, one of the accused Bosnian Serb army generals, was only in charge of logistics. War crimes investigators claim that by keeping the Bosnian Serb army supplied, he might serve as a key witnesses for the indictment of key generals in the Bosnian Serb army. The dispute is likely to continue as Bosnian government officials are determined to catch all the war criminals, regardless of what the Bosnian Serbs say. Statements are made by Mirsad Tokaca of the Bosnia War Crimes Committee, and Tom Warrick of the Coalition for International Justice. Footage available: Bosnian Serb TV Dj an Bosnian Serb army spokesman and General Djordje Djukic giving statements, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, and a mass grave (Srebrenica?).

    February 9, 1996:
    US officials have warned the Bosnian Serbs of serious consequences if they continue to defy the Dayton Peace Accord.
    John McWethy reports that Serb defiance is unsettling US forces. Unspecified threats to kill NATO soldiers were made by Bosnian Serbs. Many of the threats came from Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic who himself is an indicted war criminal. The dispute arose after two Bosnian Serb generals were arrested by the Bosnian government and charged with war crimes. Richard Goldstone, the chief prosecutor of the War Crimes Tribunal is being urged to either indict the two Serb officers or to force the Bosnian government to let them go quickly. Statements are made by US Army Lieutenant Colonel Randy Anderson and US General John Shalikashvili. Other footage available: US tanks driving around in snow, a US checkpoint, Richard Goldstone in a meeting, Mladic at a military parade, and Bosnian Serb TV footage of Bosnian Serb General Djordje Djukic giving a statement.

    January 12, 1996:
    Two Bosnian Serb generals may have been sacrificed in order to keep the peace in Bosnia.
    Linda Patillo reports that the two officer were taken away from the Sarajevo jail and were flown to the Hague. The Bosnian government believes that their testimony could link high Bosnian Serb officials to war crimes. Another controversy which erupted was after Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, also indicted for war crimes, was travelling through Bosnia, his official motorcade passing two US checkpoints. Statements are made by Muhammed Sacirbey, Bosnian Special Envoy, International Forces Spokesman Major Tom Moyer. Footage available: the two Bosnian Serb generals being taken out of jail, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic giving a speech, US Envoy Richard Holbrooke with Muhammed Sacirbey. Report is cut off.

    January 14, 1996:
    Two American soldiers serving in Bosnia got married. They are both lieutenants and met while on duty in the former Yugoslavia.
    John McWethy reports on some of the ways US soldiers serving in Bosnia hold on to their family. Each US Army soldiers shows the little things they have that remind them of home. Statements are made by US Army Sergeant Patrick Craditt (sp), US Army Corporal Patrick Vinton, US Army PFC Phillip Peterson, US Army Sergeant Bill Dean, US Army Sergeant Tamarillo Wheaton. US Army PFC Katherine Faisal, and US Army Sergeant Rodrigo Arreloa.

    January 15, 1996:
    In Bosnia, the IFOR has arrested 11 people for the alleged planning of attacks against NATO. According to US officials, there were several foreign soldiers among the arrested, some of them Iranian nationals. In the house they were found, there were weapons and materials for making bombs. NATO officials have long feared that some of the para-military mujahedin troops who fought in Bosnia stayed behind, even though the Bosnian government was ordered to dismiss all foreign soldiers. Footage included: French NATO troops in Bosnia and para-military mujahedin soldiers.

    January 16, 1996:
    The Clinton administration has threatened the Bosnian government to cancel its plans to equip and train the Bosnian government army. While raiding a former ski chalet in Fojnica, the NATO Implementation Force found what looked like a terrorist school. There were weapons and children's toys wired with explosives. The Bosnian government, on whose territory the raid took place, claims that it was a anti-war crime school. US officials stated there was no specific evidence suggesting plans for the attack of NATO forces.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 20 min
    BA712
    World News Tonight, February 21, 23, 27, March 1, 5, 7, 1996 (news)
    February 21, 1996
    Upon the urging of their government leaders, hundreds of Bosnian Serbs are fleeing Sarajevo suburbs which are scheduled to fall under Bosnian government control. Linda Patillo reports out of Vogosca, a Sarajevo suburb, on the flight of Bosnian Serbs out of Sarajevo. Playing upon the fear of retaliation by the Bosnian government, Bosnian Serb television has been urging Bosnian Serb families to leave Sarajevo. The families were told to move towards Serb-held territory. Vogosca is supposed to be monitored by a 300-men strong international police force, but eve that is not enough to subside the fear among Bosnian Serbs. The Dayton Accords envisioned people living where they want to, even in town controlled by former enemies, but the reality is quite different. Statements are made by UN Spokesman Kris Janowski and an unidentified Bosnian Serb man. Other footage included: Bosnian Serb TV news clip, Bosnian Serb families moving their belongings, and a town hall meeting with UN representatives and Bosnian government police(?).
    January 25, 1996:
    The last Bosnian Serb civilians left Vogosca today. Some fled on foot, others in buses. The first police force composed of Bosnian Muslims, Bosnian Croats, and some Bosnian Serb moved into the suburb and set up checkpoints.

    January 27, 1996:
    Hundreds of Bosnia Muslim families have returned to a Sarajevo suburb, which was held by Bosnian Serb forces.
    Linda Patillo reports on the return of a Bosnian Muslim family to their home on Sefika Doric street in a Sarajevo suburb. The Bosnian Serb soldier who lived there fled several days before. Alma Djaka (sp), a Bosnia Muslim woman, returned four years after she fled Sarajevo. On May 5, 1992, Bosnian Serb soldiers came to this street, arrested all the men of fighting age, and forced women and children to flee. There are no more Bosnian Serbs living there, except an elderly couple which believes they can still get along with their Bosnian Muslim neighbors. However, many of their Bosnian Muslim neighbors are not so sure they will be able to get along again. Statements are made by several residents of Sefika Doric street.
    Footage available: empty apartments, ravaged apartments, and people walking in the street.

    March 1, 1996:
    Richard Ginzbert reports on the trial of the first Bosnian Serb General. The International War Crimes Tribunal has charged General Djordje Djukic with crimes against humanity. General Djukic was the head of logistics under Bosnian Serb Commander General Ratko Mladic. He was responsible for keeping the Bosnian Serb army supplied. Milan Vujin, defense attorney for General Djukic, states that the Tribunal has no facts regarding possible crimes. The General’s indictment is important because it is believed that the war crimes prosecutors are willing to drop the charges against him in return for testimony against Ratko Mladic or Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic.
    Statements are made by an unidentified man and a civilian woman.
    Footage included: Ratko Mladic greeting his soldiers, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac taken after the fall of Srebrenica, an injured man being carried away, Ratko Mladic kissing his soldiers, Karadzic and Mladic shaking hands, and a Sarajevo family visiting a grave.

    March 5, 1996:
    In Bosnia, an American servicewoman reports that she was raped by two soldiers from the Czech republic. Czech investigator said she consented to having sex with the men.

    March 7, 1996:
    Garrick Utley conducts an investigation of war crimes committed in the Srebrenica region. Drazen Erdemovic, one of the Bosnian Serb soldiers who participated in the killing of Bosnian Muslim men in Srebrenica has agreed to disclose what happened. Vanessa Vasic-Janekovic, on assignment for ABC, conducted an interview with him in Serbia. The tapes were seized by Serb authorities in Belgrade. She describes what Erdemovic told her about the executions, giving her details about the plans and means for the executions. Erdemovic agreed to testify in the Hague, but both his friend and Erdemovic were arrested by Serb police. The War Crimes Tribunal has issued a formal order to the Serb government for access to these men. The testimonies of these two men could establish the chain of command for ordering the executions in Srebrenica which could incriminate the highest Bosnian Serb military and political leaders. A statement is made by Judge Richard Goldstone of the International War Crimes Tribunal. Footage includes: Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, Serbian TV news clip, a mass grave, a photo of Erdemovic, a map drawn out by Erdemovic detailing where the men and boys would be arriving, buildings were the men were killed, and the Tribunal building in the Hague.
    John McWethy reports on the Tribunal’s efforts to get Serbia’s President Slobodan Milosevic to cooperate. Milosevic has continuously refused to allow the War Crimes Tribunal access to witnesses or suspects. If the two Bosnian Serb soldiers get a chance to testify, this would open the doors for possible convictions of Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic and Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic. If Milosevic refuses to cooperate, Yugoslavia could face sanctions again. A Bosnian Muslim man from Srebrenica stated that Muslims and Serbs will not be able to live together again, unless someone is made accountable for the crimes. A statement is made by Thomas Warrick of the Coalition for International Justice. Other footage: Milosevic at the Dayton peace negotiations, the Tribunal in session, General Mladic greeting Karadzic, people in Belgrade standing in line, a woman handing out bread in Belgrade, and two Bosnian government soldiers.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 12 min
    BA713

  564. World News Tonight, March 8, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26, And April 1, 1996 (news)
    March 8, 1996: A holiday of women turned into an angry demand to know what happened to their sons and husbands. Mike Lee reports from Tuzla. A crowd of several thousand women marched to the Red Cross headquarters demanding to know what happened to their husbands and sons who stayed behind in Srebrenica after the town was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces. Among the refugees, some of the villages surrounding Tuzla are known as "women's towns." In the village of Rosulje, there are only 15 men and 500 women and children. Some of the children have shown signs of mental trauma. Three refugee women give statements about having to fend for their family without their husbands. Other footage includes refugee women and children in Rosulje village. March 18, 1996: Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic has agreed to day to hand over two Bosnian Serb soldiers who had made admissions to participating in the mass executions of Bosnian Muslim men in Srebrenica. Garrick Utley reports on Milosevic's promise to extradite the two soldiers by the end of the month. Erdemovic stated that after Bosnian Muslim were taken out of Srebrenica, got orders from this superiors to shot around 1200 of them. The Tribunal hopes to learn from how high up the orders came. Both the Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic and Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic have been indicted for war crimes. A statement is made by US Secretary of State Warren Christopher. Footage includes: Milosevic shaking hands with Christopher, a picture of Drazen Erdemovic, and Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica. Linda Patillo reports from Grbavica where the last stage of the peace process was met with violence. On March 19, the last Serb-held suburb falls into Bosnian government control. NATO forces intervened as Bosnian Serb arsonists and looters went on a rampage to destroy as much property as they could. Apartments and houses were set on fire with the goal to leave as little as possible for the former enemies and to intimidate other Bosnian Serbs to flee. Statements are made by Bosnian Serb woman and an unidentified man. UN refugee officials opened a safe house for people too afraid to stay in their houses. Other footage available: NATO soldiers detaining arsonists at gunpoint, burning apartment buildings, women trying to stop the fire, a NATO soldier carrying a child out of a burning building, and two women guarding their home. March 19, 1996: Linda Patillo reports on the reopening of Sarajevo. After four years of being trapped in the center of Sarajevo, Bosnian Muslims, Croats, and Serb were finally able to return to their homes. Grbavica, the suburb many Sarajevans returned to still smoldered from the fire set by Bosnian Serbs as they fled. Some buildings have been booby trapped, and the frontlines which ran through Grbavica are still heavily mined. US soldiers greeted the returning people with leaflets warning them not to enter buildings before they were checked for traps. Other footage included: people crossing the bridge of "Brotherhood and Unity," women crying, people looking at their destroyed apartments, a man breaking into his apartment, and people going through family photographs. The major military goals of the peace agreement have been realized. However, there are still more than 200 Iranian soldiers supporting the Bosnian government have not yet left, and US Aid is withholding $200 million of reconstruction money until they do. Civilian life is dangerous and the small international police force is not enough. The level of mistrust between Bosnian Muslims, Croats, and Serbs is so high that long term cooperation on many issues presents nothing but problems. This includes POW’s to be exchange, civilians who want to go home, an acceptable central government, and free elections. Other footage: mujahedin para-military soldiers, a destroyed bridge, Bosnian government police, Omarska detention camp, and civilians hurdled in a field (Srebrenica ?). March 20, 1996: John MCWethy reports on the life of 1200 American soldiers in the area of Olovo, Bosnia. As time goes by, they get to feel the effects the war has had upon the local people. Statements are made by: US Army Sergeant Charles Nichols, US Army Sergeant Kelly Endsley, and Battalion Commander Lieutenant Colonel Randy Anderson. Footage included: US soldiers detaining a Bosnian soldier at a checkpoint, US soldiers in their tent, two US soldiers watching TV in a warehouse, Olovo locals, a Bosnian Muslim graveyard, and children playing soccer. March 21, 1996: Madeleine Albright, US Ambassador to the UN, was driven out of Vukovar, Croatia. Vukovar was Serb-held during the war, but under the Bosnia peace accords, the Serbs has to surrender control to the Croatian government. Her convoy was stoned on the way out of town. March 22, 1996: On her way through Bosnia, Madeleine Albright, US Ambassador to the UN, has seen first-hand evidence of mass murder. The UN says that at least 3000 people, perhaps as many as 8000 were killed were massacred by the Bosnian Serbs. Garrick Utley reports on the UN findings of one mass grave behind a farm in Branjevo village, where at least 1000 Bosnian Muslim men were executed. Ambassador Albright stated that the sight of human bones and an actual decomposing body is disgusting and horrifying. US aerial reconnaissance photos provide further confirmation to the full extend of the graves. The photos show bodies and earth-moving equipment for burying the bodies. Investigators determined the location of the farm from a drawing done by Drazen Erdemovic, a Bosnian Serb soldier who participated in the 51/2 hour long executions. NATO Commander for Bosnia Admiral Leighton Smith issued a warning to the Serbs by stating that they (?) know that atrocities took place. Footage includes: mass graves, human bones, aerial photos, Erdemovic's map, and a picture of Erdemovic. The Tribunal issued indictments for atrocities committed against Bosnian Serb civilians. Three Bosnian Muslims and one Bosnian Croat have been charged for their involvement in the torture and murder of inmates, men and women, at a prison camp in Central Bosnia. One US soldiers was killed and one injured after their truck slid of a portable military bridge. March 26, 1996: For months NATO commanders said they would only conduct military operations because of the fear of "mission creep." This refers to the shift in focus of the mission, which can prove dangerous. John McWethy reports on NATO's new work in Bosnian. The US military and its allies are expanding efforts to repair roads and bridges, to fix hospitals and power plants, and to clear minefields. The change is due, in part, to growing worry regarding the slowness with which the civilians agencies are approaching the rebuilding of infrastructure that are considered crucial for the success of the peace agreement. Statements are made by NATO Spokesman Major Simon Haselock, Pentagon Spokesman Ken Bacon, and US Secretary of Defense William Perry. Footage includes: US soldiers clearing land mines, patients in a hospital, destroyed buildings, and US soldiers building housing (?) infrastructure. April 1, 1996: Tihomir Blakcic (sp), a Bosnian Croat commander, turned himself in to face charges of crimes against humanity. He is accused of leading his soldier through Bosnian villages, killing hundreds of Bosnian Muslim civilians. Three of the 57 indicted men are in custody in the Hague. A couple was buried today. Admira Ismic, a Bosian Muslim, and Bosko Brkic, a Bosnian Serb, were murdered by a sniper. This report continues on tape 715.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA714
    World News Tonight, April 1, 11, 24, May 7, 21, 23, June 4, 24, July 8, 11, 15, 16, 17, and 3 add'l days, 1996 (news)
    April 24, 1996
    The International War Crimes Tribunal has decided to release Djordje Djukic, a Bosnian Serb general. Djukic helped orchestrate the shelling of Sarajevo, and is now dying of cancer.
    May 7, 1996:
    Fifty people in the former Yugoslavia have been indicted by the Tribunal; so far only three are in custody. Linda Patillo reports on the first war crimes trial since the Nuremberg trials. Dusan Tadic is accused of carrying out "unspeakable acts of horror," in the words of the Tribunal prosecutor. Virtually all of those indicted by the Tribunal are still free, including Bosnian Serb Commander General Ratko Mladic, and Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic who stated on Bosnian Serb Television that he does not recognize the authority of the Tribunal. The report states that many criminals are at large because NATO troops show no interest in apprehending them. A statements is made by Tribunal Prosecutor Grant Neimann, the father of one of Tadic's victims, and a civilian man. Footage includes: a picture of Tadic and a friend before the war (later on Tadic killed his friend), Mladic skiing, Bosnian Serb television-Karadzic giving a statement, Sarajevo residents watching the trial via satellite, and NATO forces in Bosnia.
    May 21, 1996:
    In Belgrade, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic participates in the funeral of a fellow officer.
    May 23, 1996:
    Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic pledges to the US that within one week, Radovan Karadzic will be removed from power.
    June 4, 1996:
    John McWethy reports on the upcoming elections in Bosnia. Bosnian Serbs rally in two cities in support of Radovan Karadzic, whom many still consider their leader. As a result of pressures, NATO will increase patrols in Bosnian Serb territory. There will be no manhunt, however. The peace agreement will be in jeopardy as long as they are at large. Inspired by Karadzic, Bosnian Serbs are violently preventing Bosnian Muslims to return to their homes on Bosnian Serb territory. Many Bosnians say that if they are not allowed to return to their homes and rebuild, the war will likely start again. Statements are made by: State Department Spokesman Glyn Davies, Sir Terence Clark, International Crisis Group; Randolph Ryan, UN High Commissioner for Refugees; Mark Bartolini, International Rescue Committee. Other footage included: Karadzic appearing in public, NATO troops, Mladic shaking hands with Karadzic, refugees crossing a road, Bosnian Serb throwing rocks at Bosnian Muslim refugees, Karadzic and Mladic talking to a civilian woman, and two women weeping at a grave site.
    June 24, 1996:
    In Srednje, Bosnia, war crimes investigators dig up bodies from 47 Bosnian Muslim men from one village. In June of 1992, Bosnian Serb soldiers allegedly put the men on a bus and told them they would be exchange for Bosnian Serb prisoners.
    July 8, 1996:
    Sheila MacVicar reports on new findings of mass graves. Bosnian authorities did the digging with the hope of finding the bodies of missing family members.
    International war crimes investigators used earth movers and metal detectors near Srebrenica. Their goal is to provide evidence against those charges with war crimes. Indictments have been issued both for Radovan Karadzic and General Ratko Mladic. Outside of Mladic's headquarters, US soldiers were met with stones and an angry Bosnian Serb crowd who thought the soldiers were there to arrest Mladic. A statement is made by Hamid Music who saw the killings at the first grave site. Footage includes Karadzic giving a speech, and Mladic at a church service.
    July 11, 1996:
    The International War Crimes Tribunal has issued arrest warrants for Karadzic and Mladic, which makes subjects to arrest if they leave the Bosnian Serb territory. Sheila MacVicar reports on a gathering of thousands of Srebrenica women demanding to know what happened to their men who were kept behind after Srebrenica was overrun by the Bosnian Serb army. Wearing buttons saying "We are not alone," American female soldiers came to support the cause. The women of Srebrenica want to know the fate of their men. Srebrenica is now under Bosnian Serb control. Momcilo Svetinovic, a Srebrenica town official stated that the graves were of Muslim men they found dead and buried to prevent diseases. Other statements are made by US Army 1st Lieutenant Samantha Brown, a civilian woman, and War Crimes Investigator William Haglund. Footage included: Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, women holding up banners of names with the names of the missing, and investigators digging around Srebrenica.
    July 15, 1996:
    Richard Holbrooke has been called back into government service. He will fly to Bosnia and seek a way to get Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic out resign from their offices. Elections will not take place while they are in office.
    July 16, 1996:
    Richard Holbrooke is in Bosnian making the rounds in the hope to remove Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic. Bosnian Serb have threatened to take UN policemen hostage if their leaders are captured. Footage included: Holbrooke shaking hands with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic.
    July 19, 1996:
    After two days of negotiation, US envoy Richard Holbrooke got a signed agreement from Radovan Karadzic that he will step down as president and head of his political party. Sheila MacVicar reports on Washington's unhappiness with the agreement. US officials stated that Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic was persuaded to intervene at the threat of renewed sanctions against Yugoslavia. The agreement makes no provisions to bring Karadzic to justice in the Hague. A statement is made by Richard Holbrooke, Christian Chartier from the War Crimes Tribunal. Footage includes: Karadzic handing over the Serbian flag to a soldier, Holbrooke meeting with Milosevic in Belgrade, and Karadzic and Arkan marching together at a military parade.
    July ?, 1996:
    NATO troops in Margetici have spent two days already blowing up contraband ammunition belonging to the Bosnian Serbs. War Crimes Investigator Bill Haglund is the "Person of the Week." Haglund is an American forensic anthropologist, and under NATO protection he is sifting through evidence of a war crimes perpetrated against the men and boys of Srebrenica. After the UN safe-haven of Srebrenica was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces, the women were exiled, and the men disappeared. He leads a six-member team sponsored by the Boston-based Physicians for Human Rights. The evidence found here will go to the Hague. A mass grave in the village of Cerska has unearthed 1544 bodies and the forensics team was able to piece together what happened. His goal is to find answers so the women of Srebrenica can move on with their lives.
    July ?, 1996:
    Sheila MacVicar reports from Bosnia where election are about to take place. Leading Bosnian Serb presidential candidates speak of brotherhood only with their respective nations. The same applies to Bosnian Muslim and Croat parties. Radovan Karadzic is barred from elections, even though there is strong support for him. Haris Silajdzic after being , Bosnia's Prime Minister and Muslim presidential candidate, was attacked by fellow Muslims for preaching tolerance and a multi-ethnic state. Footage includes: Arkan giving a campaign speech, Alija Izetbegovic at a rally, Biljana Plavsic giving a speech, and Nikola Koljevic (?) giving a speech.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 21 min
    BA715
    World News Tonight, 11 various reports from 1996 (news)
    n/a
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA716
    World News Tonight, 4 various reports from 1996 (news)
    Unknown Date:
    The US will send another 7500 troops to Bosnia because no real peace has been established yet. US troops in Bosnia seized and blew up hundreds of automatic weapons found at a government army depot in one of the de-militarized zones.
    Unknown Date:
    President Clinton and his supporters have been moving towards keeping half of the troops in Bosnian for another year. This extension has caused much criticism from his opponents. Statements are made by President Bill Clinton, Secretary of State William Perry, and Senator Dan Coats.
    Unknown Date:
    Garrick Utley reports on the first year after the signing of the Dayton agreement. Drazen Erdemovic is the only war criminal to face sentencing in the Tribunal. Out of the 74 indicted criminals, only 8 have been arrested. The International Peacekeeping Force in Bosnia knows who the indicted criminals are, but continues to refuse to arrest them out of fear of an armed conflict. People in Bosnia are unhappy with the lack of progress of the Tribunal. They feel there is no justice done for the crimes committed.
    Former War Crimes Prosecutor Richard Goldstone, and two Bosnians give statements. Footage included: Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage of killed men taken after the fall of Srebrenica, empty jail cells in the Hague, a mass grave being dugout.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP
    BA717

  565. World News Tonight, November 28, 29, December 4 to 6, 12 to 14, 23, 27, 1996, January 3, 6, 9, 13, 14, 17, February 3, April 1, May 7, 1997 (news)
    November 26, 1996: Defense Secretary William Perry spent his Thanksgiving dinner with American troops in Bosnia. Instead of leaving Bosnia, 8500 of the troops will remain in Bosnia well into the next year. Unknown Date: The first war criminal has been sent to prison. The Tribunal has sentenced Drazen Erdemovic, a Bosnian Croat, to 10 years in prison for crimes against humanity. In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, more than 100.000 people gathered in the largest protest since the fall of communism. Sheila MacVicar reports on the twelfth day of citizen protests demanding the resignation of President Slobodan Milosevic. Milosevic used the courts he controls to annul the local elections won by opposition parties. Statements are made by two protesters. Footage includes: people throwing eggs at the state controlled media building, and Milosevic and his wife casting their votes. Unknown Date: President Clinton has accused the Serbian government behaving like thugs during the cold war. There have been 150.000 people calling for Slobodan Milosevic to step down. A senior Serbian official stated there will be no crackdown at the demonstrators. Unknown Date: Two independent radio station shut down earlier were back on the air again. Unknown Date: The Clinton administration demanded of Milosevic's government to open a dialogue with the demonstrators. Demonstrators were back on the streets again demanding the recognition of local elections. Unknown Date: Anti-riot police turned up in the streets for the first time in three weeks of anti-government demonstrations. Franklin Graham is the "Person of the Week." As the founder of Operation Christmas Child, he will be flying to 25 countries delivering shoeboxes with gifts for kids. Unknown Date: Extremely short report on Yugoslavia, stating that it is the 28th day of protests in Belgrade. Unknown Date: The government organized a counter-demonstration in the same area where opposition demonstrators are. Richard Ginsburg reports on violence which ensued when opposition and Milosevic supporters clashed. A pro-government protester shot in the crowd wounding one man in the head. Opposition leaders stated the conflict was orchestrated by Milosevic. Many pro-Milosevic demonstrators were bused into Belgrade by the government. The State Department holds Milosevic responsible for the violence. The Serbian government flagrantly increased tensions by bringing pro-government demonstrators to the capital. Unknown Date: European investigators have concluded that the opposition did win the local elections, and the State department demanded the Serbian government to respect the results. Richard Ginsburg reports on newest developments where plain clothed police have been cracking down on demonstrators. Milos Vasic, a Serbian journalist, and a student demonstrator make statements. *** The following three short clips are all in regard to the demonstrations in Belgrade. Unknown Date: Canada charged 47 of its soldiers with sexual misconduct, drunkenness, and abuse of patients at a mental hospital in Bosnia three years ago. In Bosnia, Nikola Koljevic, one of the Bosnian Serb leaders, attempted suicide. Koljevic was an advisor to Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic. Unknown Date: Jim Wooten reports on the Belgrade demonstrations which have continued into their 66th day. The demonstrators and opposition leaders have begun calling upon help from America. Statements are made by a two student protester, opposition leader Vesna Pesic, and two elderly men. Unknown Date: Police have begun arresting protesters in Belgrade. Unknown Date: 31 Bosnian children have arrived in Bosnia from Germany. These children were taken out of an orphanage by German military police and the UN. Many Germans wanted the children to stay, but the German government has been encouraging all the 340.000 refugees to return home. Unknown Date: In the Hague, the first war crimes trial since WWII, Dusan Tadic was found guilty of crimes against humanity for the torture and killing of Bosnian Muslims during the war. He may be sentenced to life in prison.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA718

  566. Perspectives: Exile in Sarajevo (documentary film)
    n/a
    Producer: CNN United States/English language, Beta SP, 92 min
    BA719

  567. The Reckoning (documentary film)
    n/a
    Producer: Chameleon TV for Channel 4 United Kingdom/English language; Jul-1998, Beta SP, 91 min
    BA720; several episodes of a documentary series; 3 Beta copies-NTSC and PAL

  568. The Jim Lehrer News Hour: Report About Kosovo (report)
    - Robert Moore reports on NATO's efforts to find a political solution to the Kosovo crisis, and what could happen if no political solution is found. Statement by British Prime Minister Tony Blair included. - Interview with Vladislav Jovanovic, Yugoslav am
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 7-Oct-1998, Beta SP, 18 min
    BA721

  569. Kosovo Dialogue 1998 (oral history interview)
    Pristina University students Goran and Vladimir (Serbian students) and Jeta and Fisi (Albanian students) sit in a cafe and talk about the Kosovo crisis. They discuss: political leaders on the Serb and Albanian side; how they individually feel about the state police, and being with people of a different nationality; how the crisis should resolved; the reopening of the Pristina University for Albanian student and how they perceived the expulsion of Albanian students out of state schools; experiences of Serbs being persecuted by the Albanians; influence of the media in provoking Balkan conflicts; use of the word ©iptar vs. Albanian. Their discussion is intersected with statements by Albanian student leader Ajbin Kurti, Serbian student leader Zivojin Rakocevic, and unidentified Pristina residents.
    Producer: TV B-92, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language/Subtitles: English, Beta SP, 42 min
    BA722

  570. The Parallel Worlds of Kosovo (documentary film)
    Produced in 1995. Provides a detailed analysis on how the government, education, and health care institutions in Kosovo are almost entirely segragated along the ethnic lines. Analysis presented through numerous interviews with Serbian and Albanian officials, education and health care workers, and civilians. Fehmi Agani, an ideolog of the Kosovo Albanians Radivoj Popovic, head of University. Interviews with seven Albanians, fifth year medical students who are meeting in the attic of someone's home in order to finish their studies; illegal Albanian medical school. Albanian professors replaced by the Serb professors from elsewhere. Selami Recica, history teacher for 25 years says when the teachers of Albanian ethnicity were dismissed, they were forced to organize classes in private homes, which were turned into schools. These schools organized by Albanian teachers are ubiquitous, epecially in Vranjevac, a poor suburb of Pristina. With no Serb residents, this suburb is known as the starting point of the Albanian protests and rallies. One of the many schools organized in this suburb, Secondary school for postal workers, had to change its location 34 times in 1991. 570 students in 18 classes, which meet in three shifts. Bajram Gashi, chemistry teacher. Have no teaching supplies except a blackboard. Students must relly for studying on their notes exclusively. Marinko Bozovic, Secretary for Education and Culture, Kosovo. Private institution "Mother Teresa" providing free health care and medical supplies.
    Producer: TV B-92, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language/Subtitles: English, Beta SP, 31 min
    BA723

  571. Nobody's People/Niciji ljudi (documentary film)
    - Serbian refugees from Krajina, Eastern Slavonija, and Bosnia describe their experiences of becoming refugees, the loss of their homes, and the harsh living conditions in Serbia. Several Croatian Serbs also explain why they are moving to Serbia.
    Producer: TV B-92, Belgrade Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 30 min
    BA724

  572. Compilation of short reports from Kosova (Kosovo) (report)
    The following reports are included: October 1, 1998 Village massacres; October 1, 1998 Update on Kosova Crisis; August 28, 1998 Troops roll in following Albanian defeat; September 26, 1998 Ogata visits victims; September 23, 1998 Destroyed villages; September 17, 1998 Fortification of corpses in massacre (?); August 30, 1998 Women of the KLA; August 25, 1998 Shift in emphasis as Serbs ranks head south; August 23, 1998 Fighthing aftermath; August 22, 1998 Funerals; August 18, 1998 Situation update; August 18, 1998 Albania NATO exercises. August 16, 1998, Serbs seize control of Junik; August 5, 1998 Mass graves under investigation; July 29, 1998 Serb forces seize Malisevo; July 21, 1998 Latest scenes of fighting in Kosova; July 6, 1998 Villages destroyed oafter territory fights; June 11, 1998 Belgium-Press Conference regarding Nato action;
    Producer: WTN United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP, 55 min
    BA725

  573. Donji Prekaz, Kosova, November 8, 1998 (raw footage)
    Women of the Jasiri (Jashari) clan come back to their ravaged house after fleeing from the Serb police and para-militaries. Sixty-two men from the Jasari family were killed in the attack. Two of the women describe in great detail how the attack was executed, the soldiers' uniforms, and how the men were killed. The women are shown visiting the grave site at the end.
    Producer: Refugees International Yugoslavia/Albanian language/Voice-over: English, Beta SP, 33 min
    BA726

  574. News Hour with Jim Lehrer - Bosnia Votes (report)
    Margaret Warner reports on Presidential and Parliamentary elections in Bosnia; OSCE monitored the elections. - US Special Envoy Robert Gelbard, and Christopher Bennett of the International Crisis Group discuss: Krajisnik's role in blocking attempts to create a democratic state; Bosnian constitution regarding Presidency; Biljana Plavsic's presidency; what to expect from Poplasen; the future of NATO forces stationed in Bosnia.
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 25-Sep-1998, Beta SP, 16 min
    BA727

  575. The Jim Lehrer News Hour: December 3, 1998 (television program)
    This report includes a Paul Davis (ITN) report and live discussion in studio featuring Ivo Daadler of Brookings Institution and Roy Gutman, Newsday journalist. Paul Davis reports on the arrest of Radislav Krstic, the highest ranking Bosnian Serb Army officer next to General Ratko Mladic. His December 2 arrest followed the sealed indictment issued on 30 October 1998 by the International War Crimes Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia in the Hague. Krstic was arrested on charges of genocide in Srebrenica between July 11 and 1 November 1995. The footage features photos of Krstic, including one with Karadzic, Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica. The Davis's report is followed by Daadler's and Gutman's comments on the arrest and their projections of how this event will reflect on the Bosnian peacekeeping mission. The two guests also comment on the statement issued by the State Department taking a clear stand on Milosevic's role in the Bosnian conflict. The State Department states that "Milosevic is the problem" as confrontation between Serbia and Montenegro is also discussed.
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 3-Dec-1998, Beta SP
    BA728

  576. various news reports (news)
    a medley of various news reports
    Producer: TVSA, Croatian TV, Yutel English language, French, Serbo-Croatian, Beta SP
    marked as BA730; on 2 tapes, each running 90 minutes; does not correspond to the IMI description; continued on no. 577

  577. [News Reports] (news)
    a medley of various news reports
    Producer: TVSA, Yutel, Croatian TV English language, French, Serbo-Croatian, Beta SP
    marked as BA730, but does not correspond IMI description; continued from no. 576

  578. Today Show: Matt Lauer Interviews Zeljko Raznjatovic, a.k.a. Arkan (interview)
    In this interview, Arkan denies his soldiers commited war crimes; Volunteer Guard troops ready to fight NATO troops; captured US soldiers trespassed into Yugoslav territory; Kosovo civilians fleeing NATO bombs; US POW treated according to the Geneva Convention; will fight with NATO, if they enter Kosovo.
    Producer: NBC United States/English language; 1-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 10 min
    BA732; Beta and VHS

  579. Serbian TV News (RTS) (news)
    n/a
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) recorded by C-SPAN Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language/Voice-over: English; 6-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 39 min
    BA734

  580. Serbian TV (RTS) News (news)
    - Yugoslav defense forces shoot down an F-117 airplane over Serbia. - Zagreb radio 101 confirms another F-117 was forced to land at Zagreb airport after being shot at by Yugoslav defense forces. - Varadin bridge surrounding streets, area school, and the P
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) recorded by C-SPAN Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language/Voice-over: English; 1-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA735
    Russian TV News (news)
    - Russian President Boris Yeltsin calls for G-8 foreign minister's meeting to discuss peace for Kosovo.
    - Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic meets with Albanian leader Ibrahim Rugova.
    - Statement by Ibrahim Rugova.
    - Report on the capture of the three US soldiers by Yugoslav forces; one missile lands near a Bulgarian village.
    - Report on the bombing of Novi Sad's Varadin bridge.
    - Russian TV correspondent in Belgrade describes the meeting between Milosevic and Rugova; report of a second downed F-117; the downing of two NATO helicopters.
    - Clinton refuses to grant Pope John Paul's wished to halt the bombing during Easter holidays.
    - Report from Brussels: bombing damages Yugoslav forces; reactions by Solana and Wesley Clark to the latest events.
    - Reactions from the White House on Boris Yeltsin's attempts to reestablish negotiations, Rugova meeting Milosevic, and the capture of US soldiers.
    - Russian Ministry for Emergency Situations continues to evacuate Russian citizens from Yugoslavia.
    - Delegation of the Russian Duma arrives in Belgrade.
    - Report on the deployment of Russian battle ships to the Adriatic.
    - Russian military conducts training exercises.
    - Presidents of Russia and the Ukraine sign friendship and cooperation. agreement.
    - Commonwealth of Independent States to meet.
    Producer: Russian TV, recorded by C-SPAN Russia/Russian language/Voice-over: English; 1-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 27 min
    BA736
    Pentagon press briefing (press conference)
    Live broadcast. Spokesman Kenneth Bacon answers reporter's questions regarding the capture of the three US soldiers by Yugoslav army forces; expected treatment of the POW's; NATO's mandate in Macedonia; NATO attacks on Yugoslav army units; the downing of the F-117.
    Producer: C-SPAN 2 United States/English language; 1-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 28 min
    BA737
    Washington Journal interview with Karen Koning Abuzayd of the UNHCR (interview)
    interview with Karen Koning Abuzayd, US representative to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. Abuzayd discusses the Kosovo crisis in detail.
    Producer: C-SPAN United States/English language; 1-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 13 min
    BA738

  581. The News Hour with Jim Lehrer (news)
    Jim Lehrer reads headlines: NATO attacks on Yugoslavia continue. Statements by NATO Commander General Wesley Clark. - Julian Mannon reports from Belgrade on the Serbian reaction to NATO bombings (report shown later by ITN News). - Bill Neely reports f
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 25-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 54 min
    BA739

  582. Various news reports on Kosovo, March 25 & 26, 1999 (news)
    ABC World News Tonight: - Jim Wooten reports from Szeged, Hungary on the arrest of twenty Western journalists in Belgrade (cut off). - Daljit Dhaliwal reads latest news related to the expulsion of Western journalists out of Yugoslavia. ITN News: - Julian Mannon reports from Belgrade on the Serbian reaction to NATO's bombing (report shown earlier during Jim Lehrer Newshour). - Bill Neely reports from Pristina on NATO bombing and Yugoslav defense forces responding (report shown earlier during Jim Lehrer Newshour). - Paul Davis reports from the USS Phillippine Sea on Russia's opposition to NATO's attacks on Yugoslavia. Statements by NATO Secretary-General Xavier Solana and British Foreign Secretary Robin Cook. - Helen Wright's report highlights statements by British Defense Secretary George Robertson and British Chief of Defense Staff General Sir Charles Guthrie. - Colin Baker reports from the Kosovo/Macedonia on growing resentment against NATO in Macedonia. - Adrien Britten (sp) reports from an RAF base on US bombing pilots. Statements by Major Dave Conley and 1st Lieutenant Jarred Evans. KCAL9 News: - Skip Loescher reports from Washington D.C. on reactions to NATO's second night of bombing. Statement by Defense Secretary William Cohen and Russian President Boris Yeltsin. - Dave Bryant (sp) reports on the expulsion of Western journalists from Yugoslavia and NATO's second day of bombing. Statements by NATO Supreme Allied Commander General Wesley Clark, President Clinton, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, and Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister Vuk Draskovic. - Terry Pfeffer reports on anti-NATO protests around the world. Statements by Xavier Solana and Madeleine Albright. - Anchorman interviews Whittier College Professor Joyce Kaufman on NATO's involvement in Yugoslavia. - Report on Iraq. NBC Today: - Jim Maceda reports from Belgrade on targets hit in the previous night. - Jim Miklaszewski reports from the Pentagon on reports that Yugoslav forces are expelling Kosovo Albanians and US military efforts to jam Yugoslavia's air defense missiles. - Unrelated report.
    Producer: ABC, ITN, KCAL 9, NBC United States/English language; 25-Mar-1999, Beta SP
    BA740

  583. NATO Strikes on Yugoslavia, March 25, 1999-various reports (Clinton, Russia, NATO, Albright) (FROM TAPE I) (report)
    CNN Live: Jamie McIntyre reports on round two of NATO air-strikes. - Wolf Blitzer reports from the White House: Clinton meets with his security advisors. Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, Jesse Helms, cited. - Interview with George Kenney, fo
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 25-Mar-1999, VHS, 66 min
    BA741
    Press Conference by Sec. of State Madeleine Albright, March 25, 1999 (FROM TAPE I) (press conference)
    Live broadcast from the State Department, press conference: Secretary of State Madeleine Albright briefs the press on the latest in Kosovo. News reports on the latest from the Balkans follow.
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 25-Mar-1999, VHS, 30 min
    BA742
    Press conference by Samuel Berger (press conference)
    National Security Adviser Samuel Berger briefs the press regarding the second day of NATO air strikes against Yugoslavia.
    Producer: CNN United States/English language; 25-Mar-1999, VHS, 98 min
    BA743

  584. A&E Biography: Josip Broz Tito (documentary film)
    This documentary film traces the life of Josip Broz Tito, the founder and leader of the former Federal Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1980. During World War Two, Tito and his Partisans resisted the Nazi occupation of Yugoslavia. Tito became the most important and prominent leader of post-war Yugoslavia. His legacy is not clear of controversy-he was a Communist leader who ruled his country by dictatorship, but also a figure who stood against Stalin's expansion in the East. Biography presents Tito's life and legacy through archival footage and testimonials by many experts, including Franklin Lindsay, author of the Beacons in the Night, Stevan K. Pavlowitz, historian, Jasper Ridley, biographer, Lorraine M. Lees, author of Keeping Tito Afloat, James Raymond, former New York Times correspondent, Richard West, biographer, and Lawrence Eagleberger, former Secretary of State.
    Producer: Noah Morowitz for Actuality Productions, Inc.; Copyright holder: A&E Television Networks United States/English language; 1998, Beta SP, 45 min
    BA744

  585. War Crimes: Coalition for International Justice Washington, D.C. (political program)
    Discussion of global policy toward war criminals and prospects for bringing them to justice. Participants: Loung Ung, Cambodian human rights activist; Floyd Abrams, attorney and event moderator; Roy Guttman, Newsday correspondent from Bosnia; Ruth Wedgwood, Council on Foreign Relations and international law scholar; Sven Alkalaj, Bosnian Ambassador to the US; Ted Meron, New York University international law scholar; Paul Wolfowitz, John Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies; Allan Gerson, International law Specialist; Gabrielle Kirk McDonald, President of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia; Richard Goldstone, former Chief Prosecutor for Rwanda and Yugoslavia War Crimes Tribunal; Kingsley Moghalu, spokesman the International Criminal Tribunal; Theogene Rudasingwa, Rwandan Ambassador to the US; and Aryeh Neier, President of the Open Society Institute. - Panelists then answer audience questions.
    Producer: C-SPAN United States/English language; 5-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 117 min
    BA745, continued on no. 586

  586. War Crimes: Coalition for International Justice Washington, D.C. (political program)
    Discussion of global policy toward war criminals and prospects for bringing them to justice. Participants: Loung Ung, Cambodian human rights activist; Floyd Abrams, attorney and event moderator; Roy Guttman, Newsday correspondent from Bosnia; Ruth Wedgwood, Council on Foreign Relations and international law scholar; Sven Alkalaj, Bosnian Ambassador to the US; Ted Meron, New York University international law scholar; Paul Wolfowitz, John Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies; Allan Gerson, International law Specialist; Gabrielle Kirk McDonald, President of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia; Richard Goldstone, former Chief Prosecutor for Rwanda and Yugoslavia War Crimes Tribunal; Kingsley Moghalu, spokesman the International Criminal Tribunal; Theogene Rudasingwa, Rwandan Ambassador to the US; and Aryeh Neier, President of the Open Society Institute. - Panelists then answer audience questions.
    Producer: C-SPAN United States/English language; 5-Apr-1999, Beta SP
    BA745; continued from no. 585

  587. 20/20 - Journey of Tears (news)
    This programs consists of several reports on Kosovar Albanian refugees and the situation in Kosovo: - Charles Gibson's report features the story of three Kosovo Albanian families who ended up as refugees in the Brazda, Macedonia camp in tent 719. Members of each family talk about their experiences as refugees and how they had to leave their homes in Pristina and their life. Brief statements by other unidentified refugees are also featured. - Barbara Walters reports looks at the historical roots of the conflict, including the Kosovo battle of 1389, Kosovo's status under communism, Serb persecution under the hand of Albanians, and Milosevic's policies in Kosovo. - Sheila MacVicar reports from Kukes, Albania. Several refugees describe their expulsion from Kosovo and the torture they endured by Serbian policemen. Statement by French doctor Anne-Marie Guillot (sp) featured, as well as amateur footage of a massacre in a Kosovo village. - Dr. Nancy Snyderman reports from Skopje, Macedonia on efforts by international aid agencies to reunite refugee children with their parents. The story of two girls, thirteen-year-old Lindita and ten-year-old Adelina, who lost their parents on the way from Kosovo to Macedonia, featured. Statements by Diana Barisha-Mahmoody (sp) of UNICEF and Trauma Psychologist Runis Stubeland (sp) also featured. - John Quinones interviews Kosovar refugees in a make-shift camp near Kukes. Interviewed refugees describe atrocities committed by Serbian forces, how men were separated from their families; international efforts to help the refugees and NATO bombing of Kosovo also discussed. Kosovar Albanian Ahmed Tachi (sp) and his family tell their experiences. UNHCR Spokeswoman Laura Baldrini also featured. - ABC's reporter Jim Wooten describes his thoughts and emotions experienced while covering the arrival of Kosovar refugees in Albania.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 9-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA747

  588. Breathe As We Do (documentary film)
    Tape primarily contains footage of a peaceful Albanian student demonstrations in September and October 1997, and a protest performance by the students. Statements in English and Albanian are made by Albin Kurti, member of the ISU Pristina University Presidency; Muhamet Mavraj, president of the ISU UP parliament; Bujar Dugolli, president of ISU UP. Kurti describe how the Serb police cracked down on the students. Also included are reports on the violent breakup of the protest by BBC World, EURO News, TVE (Spanish TV), and N-TV (German TV).
    Producer: UPS UP, ISU UP Yugoslavia/Albanian language; 1997, Beta SP, 26 min
    BA748; Beta and VHS; in Albanian and English

  589. Kosova and the Death of Yugoslavia (political program)
    Described is the repression suffered by ethnic Albanians at the hand of Serbian police. The program outlines characteristics of the Albanian culture; Albanian parallel schools; Milosevic's rise to power; Kosovo loosing its autonomy; Trepca miners protest; human rights violations; Ibrahim Rugova's attempts to find a peaceful solution; and the future of Kosovo. Included is amateur footage dating to December 24, 1993 of an unidentified woman describing a random police search.
    Producer: Alice Mead for Loose Cannon Productions United States/English language, Beta SP, 16 min
    BA749

  590. Nightline: Crisis in Kosovo (news)
    Tonight's Nightline features a report and live discussion on whether NATO should introduce ground troops in Kosovo. NATO's air strikes have failed to produce tangible results. Will the bombing alone induce the Serbs to reduce atrocities? Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov met with Serbian President Milosevic, who might be willing to withdraw some of his troops from Kosovo if NATO stops bombing. - Michel McQueen reports on NATO's reluctance to introduce ground troops in Kosovo. Experts think the ground troops might be necessary for the success of NATO's operation. Discussion of pro and cons for the ground troop involvement in Kosovo. Soundbites by ethnic Albanian refugees, Michael O'Hanlin of the Brookings Institution, Pentagon Spokesman Ken Bacon, Madeleine Albright, William Cohen, Former Army Intelligence Officer Ralph Peters, Henry Kissinger, Bill Taylor of the Center for International and Strategic Studies, Military Analyst Anthony Cordesman, ABC News Analyst Charles Horner, and President Clinton. Footage of the Kosovar Albanian refugees shown. - Ted Koppel asks his guests whether the option of ground troops in Kosovo the only option for NATO and the US. Participant in live discussion: General Terry Scott, director of the National Security Center at the Harvard University and Robert Pape, assistant professor at Dartmouth College, Massachusetts. Pape authored a book on the use of air power.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 30-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA750
    Nightline: Crisis in Kosovo (news)
    - Kevin Newman and an unidentified reporter analyze the difference between the US and Yugoslav media reporting of NATO's bombing campaign. Events exemplified: the capture of the three US soldiers, and human casualties. Included are clips from Yugoslav TV broadcasts in English. Statements are made by Defense Secretary William Cohen, Chiefs of State General Hugh Shelton, President Clinton, Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister Vuk Draskovic, NATO General Wesley Clark, and State Department Spokesman James Rubin.
    - Ted Koppel interviews KLA Senior Official Jakup Krasniqi. Discusses: NATO bombing campaign and the capture of three US soldiers.
    - Kevin Newman analyzes how the Yugoslav media is reporting the refugee exodus, Albanian leader Ibrahim Rugova. Included are statements made by refugees and Ibrahim Rugova for Serbian TV, Defense Secretary William Cohen, and President Clinton.
    - Ted Koppel interviews KLA Senior Official Jakup Krasniqi on the KLA's ability to defend itself from Serbian forces and NATO's role in Kosovo
    - Ted Koppel interviews Tim Baker, photo editor of Stars & Stripes, who was the last one to see the captured US soldiers.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language, Beta SP, 22 min
    BA751

  591. The Jim Lehrer News Hour, May 4, 1999 (television program)
    - Brief mention that Russian envoy Chernomyrdin meets with Clinton's foreign policy advisors and UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. Statement by State Department James Rubin. - Tom Bierden reports (sp) on the latest developments in the bombing campaign, inc
    Producer: PBS United States/English language; 4-May-1999, Beta SP
    BA752

  592. A&E Biography-Slobodan Milosevic (documentary film)
    Milosevic biography features the following experts: Univeristy of Maryland' John Lampe; Laura Silber, co-author of Death of Yugoslavia; Roy Gutman; Richard Holbroke; Kenneth Deklava, forensic psychiatrist, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center; Jerrold M. Post, political psychologist, George Washington University; Hajrudin Cengic, former friend and colleague; Columbia University's David Phillips, professor, Conflict Resolution Program; Janine DiGiovanni of the Times of London; Sheila MacVicar of ABC News; Elisabeth Neuffer of the Council on Foreign Relations; Steven Hedges of the Chicago Tribune ; and Lally Weymouth of Newsweek (Weymouth interviewed Milosevic in 1998). - Live studio discussion with Richard Holbrooke on Milosevic follows.
    Producer: Actuality Productions; Copyright holder: A&E Television Networks United States/English language; 9-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA753

  593. 60 Minutes: Interview with Mira Markovic, MRS. Slobodan Milosevic (interview)
    Dan Rather interviews Mira Markovic about her feelings over the NATO bombing campaign, ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, the US getting involved in conflict with underdeveloped countries, comparison of President Milosevic to Adolf Hitler; and claims she exerts political influence over Milosevic. Rather gives a commentary on the interview.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 2-May-1999, Beta SP, 13 min
    BA754

  594. 60 Minutes: War Crimes (report)
    Christiane Amanpour reports on war crimes investigators and their efforts to gather evidence to be used in the War Crimes Tribunal in the Hague. Statements by Izbica massacre witness UN war crimes investigator Clint Williamson, Lutvi Tachi (sp), State Department war crimes expert David Schaeffer, Shpetim (recorded a family mourning over his dead cousins), Misa Gavrilovic of the Serbian Information Center, 10-year-old Dren and his father, Lili (sp) (his wife was killed by Serb police), ICTY Prosecutor Louise Arbour, and ICTY Judge Gabrielle Kirk McDonald.
    Producer: CBS United States/English language; 16-May-1999, Beta SP, 13 min
    BA755

  595. News, January 23, 24 and 25, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News - Report on meeting of Yugoslav ambassador to Greece Dragomir Vucicevic, and the Greek Parliament President Karolos Papuljos (sp) -- main points of discussion regarding Kosovo: Greece supports peaceful solution rather than military intervention. CUT OFF. - BEGINNING CUT OFF. Report on the forensic investigation of 40 (?) bodies found in the village of Racak: Prof. Dr. Slavisa Dobricanin, director of the Institute for Forensic Medicine at the Medical College in Pristina, states Racak incident was staged by the media and compares it to the Markale bombing in Sarajevo; footage of medical investigators working on the corpses. - OSCE's Willi Wiemer (sp) states: the KLA (is) known for its underground tactics of dressing soldiers like civilians; Albania (is) involved with the KLA in weapons smuggling; the incident at Racak was created to damage Serbia's credibility (cited). - Report on foreign media coverage: British press: Kosovo-related articles primarily focused on key issues addressed by the Contact Group (at their) meeting in London -- the group's discussion (was) related to the Kosovo crisis, possible solutions. - European diplomats comment to the handling of the Kosovo crisis: Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Aleksandar Abdeev (sp), Italian Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini (sp), Greek Foreign Minister Teodoros Pangalos (sp), Macedonian Prime Minister Ljupco Georgijevski (sp), and Yugoslav Ambassador to Bulgaria Dr. Rado Smiljkovic. - Report on the meeting between the Delegation of the Yugoslav Federal Assembly (consisting of Tomislav Nikolic and Milutin Stojkovic), and Sergei Baburin, Vice-President of the Russian Duma -- discussion focused on the alleged massacre in Racak, which Baburin noted to be another fabrication designed to show Serbia in a negative light. 00:06:04 News in English - First report was shown earlier in Serbian (check where). - OSCE's Willi Wiemer states (sp): KLA known for its underground tactics of dressing soldiers like civilians, Albania involved with the KLA in weapons smuggling; Racak incident created to damage Serbia's credibility (cited). - Slobodan Daknic, mayor of Vucitrn's statement: he is in contact with OSCE after finding out that five previously abducted Serbs might be released -- the five Serbs were abducted by the KLA in the village of Nevoljani; Daknic: Walker and the Western media are not completely objective (cited). - The Russian representative at Contact Group's London meeting states: the West needs to deepen its understanding of the Kosovo conflict; small steps towards peace need to be taken into consideration (cited). 09:02:02 - Reports from the village of Nevolje where five Serbian residents had been abducted by the KLA in the night of 21-22 January: residents were then returned yesterday; OSCE representatives visited kidnapped residents; statements by the abducted Serbian civilians; statement by Zoran An?elkovi?, President of the Provisional Executive Council of Kosovo; states: OSCE's role should be to protect Serbs and Albanians against any potential danger -- OSCE and international community need to condemn such actions if they want to fight terrorism. - Reaction of Kosovo Serbs in Pristina upon the release of five Serbs from Nevolje; 150 people are still unaccounted for within Kosovo; Head of the Yugoslav medical forensic team finishes the examination of 24 bodies -- there are no signs of a m assacre: Racak was another example of Albanian separatist scenarios designed to manipulate the Albanian image in the West; reporter quotes Albanian and French newspapers: Koha Ditore and Kosovo Sot: criticize French and other journalists doubting the Albanian version of Racak; French Le Mond and Figaro: what happened in Ra?ak was a clash between terrorists and the local police forces. - The Serbian Radical Party meets: Serbian Radical Party representatives and Yugoslav Minister from Family Welfare discuss Kosovo conflict (cited). - Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister Vuk Draskovi? states in Swedish news paper Daagen Smiheter (sp): Kosovo crisis could be solved in twenty days if the world community is willing to do so; the UN Security Council needs to pass a resolution denying Kosovo any type of independence of statehood within Yugoslavia (cited). 00:17:02 - Anchorman outlines upcoming reports. - Report on the activities of the Prizren Yugoslav Army border guard battalion stationed at the Kosovo-Albanian border (near the Gorucup and Vrbnica watchtowers); several incidents of illegal crossing by terrorist gangs were reported and efficiently halted; several soldiers interviewed. - Discussion panel "On a Direct Line" with Serbian Minister and Deputy Minister of Information: discussion of foreign media coverage of the Kosovo crisis -- Racak staged by KLA, compared to Markala and Vase Miskina; bodies were physically manipulated.
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 92 min
    BA756

  596. News, January 25 ,1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Special Program On A Direct Line (continued from 756) Serbian Information Minister: Serbian people should try harder to defend Yugoslavia and should be more politically active; use the internet to spread information; occasional problems with the Ministry of Information website blamed on influential Western European leaders, not just hackers; BBC and CNN main spin doctors; Western media and politicians completely one-sided. - Report on Belgian press coverage: history of Kosovo conflict similar to that of Croatia; Drenica reminds of fate of Vukovar, Racak incident reminds of Vase Miskina; Serbs demonized systematically; refugees always staged, numbers exaggerated; CNN is the anti-Serb bastion. - Serbian Information Minister: children and elderly are used to soften hearts of Western public. - Serbian author reads his essay "Why One Should Love His Country:" appeals to the Serbian diaspora to support their country -- Kosovo and Serbs attacked once again, Kosovo is the root of Serbian culture. - Serbian Information Minister: BBC shows KLA women to create image of a serious army; KLA a lawless gang; US sector of OSCE mission the worst; US cooperates with KLA; Serbia the bad guy -- Deputy Information Minister: Walker covered up death of eight civilians [in El Salvador]; Walker sent on mission to discredit Serbia; Western media uses corpses, children, make-up to dramatize the situation; Western media gives more importance to Lewinsky case than civilians killed by US missiles. - Information Minister: account of Madeleine Albrights' representative visit. - Serbian, resident of Vienna, Austria describes Serbian activities in Austria to help clear the image of Serbia: young people involved, need closer relationship with Serbian Ministry of Information, RTS weekend programming for outside world needs more cultural shows. - Information Minister: Serbians living abroad have more influence than the officials at the Information Ministry - 90% of Information Ministry website visited by individuals in other countries (including State Department). - Serbian resident of Frankfurt, Germany, highlights German press coverage of Kosovo crisis: press could not ignore statements by OSCE's Willie Wiemer; Willie Wiemer cited: media issues pressure for action; NATO success depends on OSCE success (cited); Johann Dietrich, editor of Die Woche: warns Germany of US's unilateral politics; UN impotence suits aggressive politicians; US Congress owes $1.5 billion to the UN (cited). - Closing remarks: [Serbs] living abroad very patriotic; unity necessary to clear Serbia's image 01:58:00 Special Program "WHY WON'T WALKER SEE?" - US policy in Kosovo: policy two-sided; US OSCE observers protect KLA headquarters and radio station by living right next to them; OSCE protects terrorists from Yugoslav police; US observers smuggle weapons to KLA.
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 25-Jan-1999, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA757
    News, January 26 and 27 ,1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Commentary on American policy in Kosovo and Yugoslavia. American policy termed twofold: publically for a political solution, but secretly works to reorganize terrorists and equip them (KLA) with weapons. Foreign forces in Kosovo work to help Albanian separatists and terrorists. Americans want to stop the arrival of independent UN observers, who had termed Albanians responsible for the conflict. Arms for terrorists can be found in humanitarian aid packages. William Walker and John Dresenkiewicz attempt to aggressively enter military objects and provoke Yugoslav military staff. William Walker's bio. USA protects "terrorists" and enables them to kill and persecute Serbian civilians. Walker undermines OSCE's peace plan.

    Serbian Television Evening News
    02:07.39.20
    - Zoran Babovic reports from Pristina on team of pathologists from Serbia and Belorus who found that "no massacre was committed on the bodies" found at Racak. ("Bodies" not identified.) Minister of health states at press conference wounds to bodies were mainly inflicted by firearms from a distance.

    02:09.29.28
    - News report on two Muslim men found wounded in a car near Pec, Kosovo.
    - Report on terrorist attack on house in Istok village.
    - Murder of ten Albanians in Rakovina is a retribution committed by Albanian terrorist gangs on those who did not want to be in the service of criminals.
    02:10.47.11 - News in English
    - Incident on Kosmet-Albanian border.
    - Five bodies found in Rakovina - a team of experts visited the scene: results show that all five victims were dead.
    - Greek Foreign Minister criticizes US.
    - Former US presidential candidate Buchanan asks Clinton for explanation to his policy in the Balkans.

    02:13.44.15
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Petritsch meets with Ibrahim Rugoba and states Kosovo dialogue has to begin as soon as possible.
    - Report on foreign media coverage:
    - Russian media: express Americanized opinion -- murders in Racak condemned, enquiry demanded. Unrealistic demands are said to be set on Yugoslavia and Serbia; American media: condemn incident at Racak, and call the showdown with terrorists a massacre on civilians in order to use the incident to put more pressure on Yugoslavia; Ukraine's President condemns Albanian separatism and states Ukraine is against independence of the region; Leading Chinese daily: NATO should force Albanian separatists to give up idea of independent Kosovo - talks can have no effect as long as separatists aggressive; Slovak magazine Praca: interview with Yugoslav ambassador to Slovakia who points out the bias of world media when reporting news in Kosovo, for example the incident in Racak.

    CUT OFF.

    02:17.21.13
    - Ninoslav Vojnovic reports from Nevoljane near Vucitrn: Serbian police prevented terrorist attack on Milickovic (Serbian) family -- terrorists were killed and arms found on them.
    - Mirjana Nedeljkovic reports from Orahovac: terrorist gangs in the region of Kosovo and Metohija kidnapped more than 200 citizens of Kosovo in the past 8 months. Families of the kidnapped people protested and warned embassies of foreign govt's, William Walker, and OSCE representatives. Serbian civilians speak of their family members and tell of meeting with OSCE representatives. Reporter names Albanian terrorists who kidnapped Orahovac citizens.
    02:21.34.00
    News in English
    - Yugoslav Minister of Labor, Welfare, and Social Policy visits institute of forensic medicine which found no traces of a massacre on the bodies from Racak. Autopsies deemed professional.
    - Forensic Institute director states Finnish experts had credibility to investigate bodies of those killed at Racak.
    - The policy of the American administration encounters more and more criticism in American press because it supports terrorism in Kosmet.


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    - Commentary on American policy in Kosovo and Yugoslavia. American policy termed twofold: publically for a political solution, but secretly works to reorganize terrorists and equip them (KLA) with weapons. Foreign forces in Kosovo work to help Albanian separatists and terrorists. Americans want to stop the arrival of independent UN observers, who had termed Albanians responsible for the conflict. Arms for terrorists can be found in humanitarian aid packages. William Walker and John Dresenkiewicz attempt to aggressively enter military objects and provoke Yugoslav military staff. William Walker's bio. USA protects "terrorists" and enables them to kill and persecute Serbian civilians. Walker undermines OSCE's peace plan.

    Serbian Television Evening News
    02:07.39.20
    - Zoran Babovic reports from Pristina on team of pathologists from Serbia and Belorus who found that "no massacre was committed on the bodies" found at Racak. ("Bodies" not identified.) Minister of health states at press conference wounds to bodies were mainly inflicted by firearms from a distance.

    02:09.29.28
    - News report on two Muslim men found wounded in a car near Pec, Kosovo.
    - Report on terrorist attack on house in Istok village.
    - Murder of ten Albanians in Rakovina is a retribution committed by Albanian terrorist gangs on those who did not want to be in the service of criminals.
    02:10.47.11 - News in English
    - Incident on Kosmet-Albanian border.
    - Five bodies found in Rakovina - a team of experts visited the scene: results show that all five victims were dead.
    - Greek Foreign Minister criticizes US.
    - Former US presidential candidate Buchanan asks Clinton for explanation to his policy in the Balkans.

    02:13.44.15
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Petritsch meets with Ibrahim Rugoba and states Kosovo dialogue has to begin as soon as possible.
    - Report on foreign media coverage:
    - Russian media: express Americanized opinion -- murders in Racak condemned, enquiry demanded. Unrealistic demands are said to be set on Yugoslavia and Serbia; American media: condemn incident at Racak, and call the showdown with terrorists a massacre on civilians in order to use the incident to put more pressure on Yugoslavia; Ukraine's President condemns Albanian separatism and states Ukraine is against independence of the region; Leading Chinese daily: NATO should force Albanian separatists to give up idea of independent Kosovo - talks can have no effect as long as separatists aggressive; Slovak magazine Praca: interview with Yugoslav ambassador to Slovakia who points out the bias of world media when reporting news in Kosovo, for example the incident in Racak.

    CUT OFF.

    02:17.21.13
    - Ninoslav Vojnovic reports from Nevoljane near Vucitrn: Serbian police prevented terrorist attack on Milickovic (Serbian) family -- terrorists were killed and arms found on them.
    - Mirjana Nedeljkovic reports from Orahovac: terrorist gangs in the region of Kosovo and Metohija kidnapped more than 200 citizens of Kosovo in the past 8 months. Families of the kidnapped people protested and warned embassies of foreign govt's, William Walker, and OSCE representatives. Serbian civilians speak of their family members and tell of meeting with OSCE representatives. Reporter names Albanian terrorists who kidnapped Orahovac citizens.
    02:21.34.00 - News in English
    - Yugoslav Minister of Labor, Welfare, and Social Policy visits institute of forensic medicine which found no traces of a massacre on the bodies from Racak. Autopsies deemed professional.
    - Forensic Institute director states Finnish experts had credibility to investigate bodies of those killed at Racak.
    - The policy of the American administration encounters more and more criticism in American press because it supports terrorism in Kosmet.


    Search Site

    All Articles Events Photos Videos

    Search Video Archives








    - Commentary on American policy in Kosovo and Yugoslavia. American policy termed twofold: publically for a political solution, but secretly works to reorganize terrorists and equip them (KLA) with weapons. Foreign forces in Kosovo work to help Albanian separatists and terrorists. Americans want to stop the arrival of independent UN observers, who had termed Albanians responsible for the conflict. Arms for terrorists can be found in humanitarian aid packages. William Walker and John Dresenkiewicz attempt to aggressively enter military objects and provoke Yugoslav military staff. William Walker's bio. USA protects "terrorists" and enables them to kill and persecute Serbian civilians. Walker undermines OSCE's peace plan.

    Serbian Television Evening News
    02:07.39.20
    - Zoran Babovic reports from Pristina on team of pathologists from Serbia and Belorus who found that "no massacre was committed on the bodies" found at Racak. ("Bodies" not identified.) Minister of health states at press conference wounds to bodies were mainly inflicted by firearms from a distance.

    02:09.29.28
    - News report on two Muslim men found wounded in a car near Pec, Kosovo.
    - Report on terrorist attack on house in Istok village.
    - Murder of ten Albanians in Rakovina is a retribution committed by Albanian terrorist gangs on those who did not want to be in the service of criminals.
    02:10.47.11 - News in English
    - Incident on Kosmet-Albanian border.
    - Five bodies found in Rakovina - a team of experts visited the scene: results show that all five victims were dead.
    - Greek Foreign Minister criticizes US.
    - Former US presidential candidate Buchanan asks Clinton for explanation to his policy in the Balkans.

    02:13.44.15
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Petritsch meets with Ibrahim Rugoba and states Kosovo dialogue has to begin as soon as possible.
    - Report on foreign media coverage:
    - Russian media: express Americanized opinion -- murders in Racak condemned, enquiry demanded. Unrealistic demands are said to be set on Yugoslavia and Serbia; American media: condemn incident at Racak, and call the showdown with terrorists a massacre on civilians in order to use the incident to put more pressure on Yugoslavia; Ukraine's President condemns Albanian separatism and states Ukraine is against independence of the region; Leading Chinese daily: NATO should force Albanian separatists to give up idea of independent Kosovo - talks can have no effect as long as separatists aggressive; Slovak magazine Praca: interview with Yugoslav ambassador to Slovakia who points out the bias of world media when reporting news in Kosovo, for example the incident in Racak.

    CUT OFF.

    02:17.21.13
    - Ninoslav Vojnovic reports from Nevoljane near Vucitrn: Serbian police prevented terrorist attack on Milickovic (Serbian) family -- terrorists were killed and arms found on them.
    - Mirjana Nedeljkovic reports from Orahovac: terrorist gangs in the region of Kosovo and Metohija kidnapped more than 200 citizens of Kosovo in the past 8 months. Families of the kidnapped people protested and warned embassies of foreign govt's, William Walker, and OSCE representatives. Serbian civilians speak of their family members and tell of meeting with OSCE representatives. Reporter names Albanian terrorists who kidnapped Orahovac citizens.

    02:21.34.00
    News in English
    - Yugoslav Minister of Labor, Welfare, and Social Policy visits institute of forensic medicine which found no traces of a massacre on the bodies from Racak. Autopsies deemed professional.
    - Forensic Institute director states Finnish experts had credibility to investigate bodies of those killed at Racak.
    - The policy of the American administration encounters more and more criticism in American press because it supports terrorism in Kosmet.


    Search Site

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    - Commentary on American policy in Kosovo and Yugoslavia. American policy termed twofold: publically for a political solution, but secretly works to reorganize terrorists and equip them (KLA) with weapons. Foreign forces in Kosovo work to help Albanian separatists and terrorists. Americans want to stop the arrival of independent UN observers, who had termed Albanians responsible for the conflict. Arms for terrorists can be found in humanitarian aid packages. William Walker and John Dresenkiewicz attempt to aggressively enter military objects and provoke Yugoslav military staff. William Walker's bio. USA protects "terrorists" and enables them to kill and persecute Serbian civilians. Walker undermines OSCE's peace plan.

    Serbian Television Evening News
    02:07.39.20
    - Zoran Babovic reports from Pristina on team of pathologists from Serbia and Belorus who found that "no massacre was committed on the bodies" found at Racak. ("Bodies" not identified.) Minister of health states at press conference wounds to bodies were mainly inflicted by firearms from a distance.

    02:09.29.28
    - News report on two Muslim men found wounded in a car near Pec, Kosovo.
    - Report on terrorist attack on house in Istok village.
    - Murder of ten Albanians in Rakovina is a retribution committed by Albanian terrorist gangs on those who did not want to be in the service of criminals.

    02:10.47.11
    News in English
    - Incident on Kosmet-Albanian border.
    - Five bodies found in Rakovina - a team of experts visited the scene: results show that all five victims were dead.
    - Greek Foreign Minister criticizes US.
    - Former US presidential candidate Buchanan asks Clinton for explanation to his policy in the Balkans.

    02:13.44.15
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Petritsch meets with Ibrahim Rugoba and states Kosovo dialogue has to begin as soon as possible.
    - Report on foreign media coverage:
    - Russian media: express Americanized opinion -- murders in Racak condemned, enquiry demanded. Unrealistic demands are said to be set on Yugoslavia and Serbia; American media: condemn incident at Racak, and call the showdown with terrorists a massacre on civilians in order to use the incident to put more pressure on Yugoslavia; Ukraine's President condemns Albanian separatism and states Ukraine is against independence of the region; Leading Chinese daily: NATO should force Albanian separatists to give up idea of independent Kosovo - talks can have no effect as long as separatists aggressive; Slovak magazine Praca: interview with Yugoslav ambassador to Slovakia who points out the bias of world media when reporting news in Kosovo, for example the incident in Racak.

    CUT OFF.

    02:17.21.13
    - Ninoslav Vojnovic reports from Nevoljane near Vucitrn: Serbian police prevented terrorist attack on Milickovic (Serbian) family -- terrorists were killed and arms found on them.
    - Mirjana Nedeljkovic reports from Orahovac: terrorist gangs in the region of Kosovo and Metohija kidnapped more than 200 citizens of Kosovo in the past 8 months. Families of the kidnapped people protested and warned embassies of foreign govt's, William Walker, and OSCE representatives. Serbian civilians speak of their family members and tell of meeting with OSCE representatives. Reporter names Albanian terrorists who kidnapped Orahovac citizens.

    02:21.34.00
    News in English
    - Yugoslav Minister of Labor, Welfare, and Social Policy visits institute of forensic medicine which found no traces of a massacre on the bodies from Racak. Autopsies deemed professional.
    - Forensic Institute director states Finnish experts had credibility to investigate bodies of those killed at Racak.
    - The policy of the American administration encounters more and more criticism in American press because it supports terrorism in Kosmet.


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    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 25 min
    BA758
    News, January 28, 29, 30 and 31, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Borivoje Urginovic reports from Kosovo: border incident on Kosovo-Albanian border. Fifty Albanian terrorists attempted to enter Kosovo, three were liquidated. Footage of arms found on terrorists. Two terrorists liquidated as they attacked Yugoslav police in village of Racin. Yugoslav Army members discovered a large amount of weapons and hand grenades (footage). OSCE representatives were informed.
    02:26.03.27-02:27.53.07
    English language report: Albanian terrorists have completely destroyed records in community offices of Junik and Trznic, while records in Strelce were salvaged, but in poor condition.

    Kosovo and Metohija information secretary says ethnic Albanian terrorists attacked police station in Luzane, no lives lost.

    Albanian terrorists opened fire on Serbian houses in village of Nevoljane, police responded and rejected attack, arrested a KLA member.

    Ukrainian president condemns Albanian separatism in Kosovo.

    02:27.53.07-02:31.48.16
    Tatjana Jovic reports from London: Contact group mets in London, asks two parties to start talks. Contact group did not consider the military solution, and stated it will not let terrorist to disrupt talks.

    Snezana Rodic reports on Russian Diplomacy Chief Ivanov's press conference: all members of contact group decided on political dialogue - force was not mentioned.

    Russian Exterior Ministry opposes and condemns Javier Solana's threats of using force.

    Madeleine Albright stated it was important to motivate Kosmet negotiations. Dialogue should result in concrete results.

    Joschka Fischer rejects speculation on NATO military intervention.

    Official Peking holds no force should be used for finding solution in Kosmet.

    02:31.48.16-02:34.19.23
    Yugoslav border patrolmen stopped the attempt of armed ethnic Albanians to illegaly enter Yugoslavia. Three of the group's members were killed. A large array of weapons was confiscated.

    Policeman Predrag Rakovic was killed in terrorist attack on a police patrol in the village of Rogovo. 24 attackers died in the showdown. Automatic guns and other weapons were found on the terrorists. Terrorists supposed to be part of group that attempted to illegaly enter Yugoslavia yesterday. Footage of weapons - some are from Croatia. Photos show some terrorists foreign mercenaries from Muslim countries.

    02:34.19.23-02:35.44.08
    English language report: Predrag Rakovic and about twenty terrorists killed in Rogovo. Clash ocurred when group of Yu policement went to arrest terrorists hiding in house.

    In villages of Decani municipality terrorists are burning all records and citizenship books.

    02:35.44.08-02:38.32.22
    ... Milosevic comments on contact group statements given earlier.

    Report on UN General Secretary Anan and Russian Premier Primakov talk on Kosovo.

    World news agencies react to contact group meeting - agencies stress integrity of Yugoslavia is not under question.

    Leading Moscow journals carry Primakov's message that contact group did not consider using force or ultimatum - pressure needs to be put on Albanians.

    Peking stresses that the international community is turning to a political way of solving the Kosovo and Metohija problem.

    German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer is satisfied with contact group meeting.

    Italian media reports on contact group meeting.

    02:38.32.22-02:40.48.07
    Report on Rogovo incident; comment on Greenit's findings and his mistakes and confusion as he reported on Rogovo incident. "Confused as a child caught lying".

    (Should be translated!)

    02:40.48.07-02:42.31.18
    Report from Pristina on seven young people who were wounded during an attack on Cafe Galleria - their medical condition. Commentary on attack - another Albanian separatist attempt to kill innocent young men and women in Southern Serbia as well as to slow down solution to crisis.

    Serbian police official states police respects all decisions made by international community, but Albanian terrorists are intensifying attacks.

    CUT OFF

    02:42.33.17-02:44.14.05
    Serbian Television Evening News

    Serbian Radical Party commentary on events in Kosmet.

    Report on Albanian terrorist attack on a Serbian house in Kosmet.

    Head of Pristina Institute for Court Medicine states all wounds on bodies from Rasak were inflicted by firearms - Finnish representative of group of forensic experts states he won't comment the obduction findings unti analysis is finished.

    02:44.14.05-02:49.16.11
    Report on a loyal citizen of Serbia, and sixth Albanian this year found in Kosovo killed by one bullet fired in his head.

    Milovan Drecin reports from Podujevo and increased presence of terrorists who attack Serbian and Montenegrin civilians and Yugoslav police and Army forces. Footage of terrorists building bunker. Police action succeeds in breaking up terrorist gangs. Footage of freed bunkers and trenches. Terrorists used trench diggers (footage).

    Report on Igor Ivanov's (Russian Minister of the Interior) statement that the possible use of force would only worsen the situation in the Balkans.

    Al Gore gives interview to SKY television - the US still hasn't decided whether to send ground troops to Kosovo in order to oversee the peace agreement between the Serbian government and the separatist guerillas. Tony Blair states there is possibility of military solution.

    Chinese press minister states China for political solution and against foreign forces meddling to solve the crisis.

    Yugoslav ambassador to Greece gives statement on Kosmet to Greek daily - Yugoslavia is suppressing terrorism.

    02:49.16.11-02:55.18.24 (END OF TAPE)
    English language news: Chairman of National Patriotic Alliance of Russia meets with Milosevic.

    Slobodan Milosevic receives Robin Cook and emphasized need for peaceful solution in Kosmet and Metohija.

    The Serbian government states that signing the agreement for a peaceful solution shows readiness for dialogue and adds Albanian representatives only disrupt peaceful negotiations. Key to solution equality for all ethnic groups.

    Yugoslav Army spokesman states Army is professionally carrying out its tasks and protecting the Constitution.

    Since the arrival of OSCE verifiers, more than 500 terrorist attacks were committed by Albanian separatists. Attempt of illegal crossing, confiscation of weapons. Incidents confirmed by OSCE.
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 31 min
    BA759

  597. News, February 1, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    02:45.00 Serbian Television Evening News - Brief reports from Kosovo, London 02:59.39.09 Special Program (to be shown on satellite): On a Direct Line, Kosovo and the Army - Program on Kosovo`s defense and special war waged against Serbia -- military analyst retired Colonel Jovic guest of show. Report from Kosovo as introduction: Serbian soldiers voice opinion on defense of Kosovo. Reports on soldiers eliminating Albanian terrorists and attempts of more than a thousand Albanian terrorists to cross the border into Kosovo. Jovic comments on the incidents, denies there is any uneccessary use of force, international community turns a blind eye to what the terrorists are doing, American political goals of creating a Greater Albania, America`s special war waged through espionage and media warfare. - Report on Yugoslav Airforce: footage of warplanes accompanied by patriotic song `We love you, fatherland`. - Jovic describes strength of airforce, air defense, the radar system. Footage of radar systems accompanied by patriotic song `We love you, fatherland`; army for the 21st century, Yugoslav defense industry; footage of border patrol soldiers accompanied by patriotic song; military threats to Yugoslavia; appeal to Serbs living outside the country to fight satanization of Yugoslavia. END CUT OFF 03:50.00 END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 1-Feb-1999, Beta SP, 62 min
    BA760
    News, February 2, 3, and 5, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    News in English
    - Report on incidents in Kosovo, terrorists intensifying attacks on civilians, police, and army since OSCE's deployment.
    - Yugoslav ambassador to UN, Jovanovic, speaks about alleged massacre in Racak.
    03:56.55
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Yugoslav ambassador to UN, Jovanovic, speaks at the UN (cited).
    - 24 bodies autopsied by experts - Finnish experts issued no statements. Bodies autopsied at the Institute for Forensic Medicine - Walker's media hoax has not been successful.
    -Short news on new Kosovo incidents - confiscation of weapons manufactured in Western countries, a truckload came from Croatia and BiH.
    04:00.00
    News in English
    - Yugoslav govt. holds session: NATO authorization of strikes are an open threat and violation of UN regulations, other Serbian govt. statements pertaining to NATO threat.
    - Jovanovic states Yugoslavia wants peaceful solution to Kosovo crisis.
    - Vuk Draskovic meets with chief of OSCE.
    - Russian Duma voices opposition to NATO threats.
    - Expert teams from Belarus and Yugoslavia find there was no massacre in Racak -- mutilation caused by animal bites.
    04:05.15
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Zoran Andjelkovic meets with OSCE's head Wiemer, who also met with representatives of other ethnic minorities.
    - Confiscation of weapons in Kosovo (footage): weapons' manufacturing origin, documents show weapons from Croatia and BiH, weapons are for terrorist needs.
    - Report on Yugoslav delegation in France: Markovic states negotiations must begin, expects other side wants a peaceful solution too.
    04:11.43
    - Yugoslav press conference at Yugoslav Cultural Center in Paris: Markovic states he came to Paris to negotiate, not win, because it is important that peace wins.
    - France will do all in its power to get results at Ramboillet.
    - Russian Duma delegation arrives to Belgrade, hands over resolution which supports the Yugoslav govt.
    - Expert teams from Belarus and Yugoslavia find there was no massacre in Racak.
    - Report from Paris: Markovic arrives to Paris in the interest of peace and peaceful solution (Markovic gives statement).
    04:14.45
    - Yugoslav press conference at Yugoslav Cultural Center in Paris: Markovic states he came to Paris to negotiate, not win, because it is important that peace wins (same report as above). Markovic and other representatives issue statements: 208 civilians have been killed (no Albanian civilians mentioned), representatives of Kosovo minorities (Albanian, Turkish, the Gora villagers, Muslims, Romani, Egyptians) issue statements.
    - French govt. states it will do all in its power to get results at Ramboillet.
    04:20.30
    - Ibrahim Rugoba's delegation of Kosmet Albanians did not leave for Paris today, there was no official explanation.
    - Serbian Renewal Movement states crimes committed in Kosovo prove KLA is a group of murderers and thugs.
    Report on foreign media coverage:
    - Russian media: supports Serbian parliament's decision to negotiate; French officials: stress they want political solution; British media: decision to negotiate was almost unanimous, Blair expects success at Rambouillet; Italian govt.: there will be no troops deployed until political solution found; Germany: Joschka Fischer approves Serbian government's decision to negotiate; Greek media's reaction; Bulgarian reaction; German media: warns of Great Albanian terrorism; Macedonian media: hail Yugoslav decision to negotiate.
    04:25.09
    - Albanian terrorists throw another bomb at Pristina cafe.
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 31 min
    BA761

  598. News, February 6, 7, 8, and 10, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    News in English. Report on Serbian government meeting: who will be sent to Rambouillet to negotiate. Serbian Television Evening News. Report on the beginning of the Rambouillet conference - Jacques Chirac: peace of Kosovo depends on the negotiators (cited); Robin Cook: there needs to be human and civil rights respect (cited); Hebert Vedrin: goal of Contact Group to aid the negotiations (cited). - Report on disagreement among Albanians on who should represent them in Rambouillet -- Belgian press cited: speculation regarding Albanian representatives (cited). News in English - Albanians threw bomb on Pristina's street; Jacques Chirac speaks at Rambouillet (cited); Russians warn US could jeopardize upcoming talks; Veljko Odalovic states: Albanians' late arrival proves their inability to solve problem through negotiation; Radosav Radicic accused Albanian attack on Devic monastery, hopes OSCE will not turn its head to this KLA attack. Serbian Television Evening News - Report on Rambouillet talks: Ratko Markovic asks for a joint statement on Pristina street bombing; Ratko Markovic: talks are not a peace conference, but a meeting (cited); Yugoslavia's territorial integrity must be respected; French government announces temporary suspension of flights around Rambouillet - Serb demonstrations in Paris against NATO and Albanian separatists; two speakers: Kosovo integral part of Yugoslavia, no Albanian independence - Report on ongoing Rambouillet talks: one of the ten principles is respect for Yugoslavia's sovereignty. 03:11:50 News in English - Report on Rambouillet talks; Serbian Assembly reaction to peace talks: Assembly condemns NATO's bombing threats; Serbian parliament reaction to Rambouillet: Yugoslavia wants a peaceful solution; pro-Yugoslavia demonstrations held on Parisian Republic Square; Duma passes resolution opposing NATO threats to Yugoslavia; Willy Wiemer meets with Yugoslav officials and representatives of Kosovo's minorities; Yugoslav Foreign Minister Zivadin Jovanovic meets his Bulgarian counterpart; three people killed in Pristina street bombing; Serbian police seize a truck loaded with weapons -- OSCE present during police investigation. Serbian Television Evening News - Beginning cut off. - Reporter cites statements by Hebert Vedrin (Chief of French diplomacy): warned on the complexity of peace talks, France will do anything possible to further the talks, and French media reaction to peace talks; French Foreign Ministry denounced Pristina street bombing. - Report on the latest conclusions of the peace talks: Vedrin met with Serbian and Albanian delegation; Igor Ivanov and Madeleine Albright arrive in Rambouillet tomorrow. - Report on foreign media coverage: Chinese press: Kosovo is part of Serbia, cradle of Serbian culture; Russian press: praise Albanian and Serbian delegation success in overcoming beginning difficulties; German media: optimism present in Rambouillet; Belgian media: published joint statement of delegations condemning bombing attack in Pristina.
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 32 min
    BA762
    News, February 11 and 12, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Rambouillet talks: Hill, Petritsch and Majorski will talk to both delegations, Yugoslav delegation's request to meet with the Albanian delegation was refused.
    - Coverage of French media: Majorski, Hill, and Petritsch refuted speculation that Rambouillet is for motives other than peace in Kosovo; French press publishes statement that Rambouillet is only to find a peaceful solution to Kosovo crisis
    - Vuk Draskovic to be interviewed by French TV; Serbian Patriarch Pavle arrive in Paris tomorrow. (translate)
    - Report on foreign media coverage:
    Russian media: Madeleine Albright and US incompetent in handling the crisis; Belgian: Serbian delegation has more than one ethnic representative, disprove Western media’s assumption of Kosovo being 90% Albanian; London Times: England continues to fail in disarming the IRA, maybe England should threaten Northern Ireland with bombing; Yugoslav Ambassador to Austria: terrorist attacks are deliberately against civilians, against Rambouillet (cited). (translate)
    - News in brief: Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister Vuk Draskovic and Greek Foreign Minister Teodoros Pangalos (sp) speak to the French media; Vuk Draskovic: problems in Kosovo to be resolved under laws of UN Convention, Yugoslavia victim of Albanian terrorism and open threats from Albania (cited); Teodoros Pangalos (sp): international community will not tolerate change of Yugoslavia’s borders (cited); Willi Wiemer criticizes NATO’s obvious intention to ignore UN: example of going against international law, the US uses NATO and UN to further own interests (cited).
    05:13:00 - News in English
    BEGINNING CUT OFF
    One Serb from Vucitrn, and one from Zvecan disappeared on Saturday (cut off).

    Serbian Television Evening News
    Rambouillet talks: President of Serbia Milan Milutinovic meets with Hebert Vedrin, Robin Cook, Hill, and Mayorski; talks were behind closed doors - Serbian delegation accepted Contact Group's general elements; State Department Spokesman James Rubin arrives in Rambouillet; Serb organizations in France organize meeting for tomorrow in Rambouillet.
    - Vuk Draskovic held press conference in Paris' Yugoslav Cultural Center; Vuk Draskovic: Serbian delegation in Rambouillet supports concept of multiethnic and multi-religious society, Albanian delegation wants ethnically pure Greater Albania, there will be no independent Kosovo (part is cited, part is translated with VO). (translate?)
    - Milan Milutinovic gives talks to Serbian daily Politika after his talks with the Serbian delegation and Contact Group representatives: Yugoslavia stands for peaceful solution (cited).
    - Serbian public reaction to ongoing Rambouillet talks.

    News in Serbian
    - Serbian President Milan Milutinovic meets with Christopher and Hebert Vedrin; Serbia accepts points drawn up in Rambouillet; Serbs living in Paris will hold a meeting in Rambouillet; two Serbian policemen abducted in Kosovo.

    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Milan Milutinovic states at a press conference: Serbian and Albanian delegations have not met together yet; shuttle diplomacy ineffective, by not signing the ten principles the Albanian delegation is halting the talks, why have there not been any direct meetings of the 2 delegations? (part cited, part translated with VO)
    - Serbian protests in Rambouillet in support of the Yugoslav delegation.
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 27 min
    BA763
    News, February 13, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News
    -Report on Serbian protests in Rambouillet: support for Serbs in Yugoslavia, Serbia cannot be without Kosovo, must defend Kosovo.
    - Press conference with Hill, Majorski, and Petritsch: Rambouillet talks moving in positive direction
    - Serbian public reaction to Kosovo crisis.
    - Report on the kidnapping of an Albanian family by the KLA -- Albanian policeman in Kosovo Isem Ouri: his family is a KLA target because of his loyalty to Serbia (cited); KLA hardcore criminals.
    News in English
    - Milan Milutinovic: Serbian delegation signed ten key points; asked to meet and talk directly to Albanian representatives (cited).
    - Teodoros Pangalous (sp.): KLA nothing else but terrorists (cited).
    - News brief: KLA killings and abductions continue -- up until this date 17 people were killed and three abducted; Russia: condemns NATO threats to Yugoslavia (cited).

    Serbian Television Evening News
    Report on foreign media coverage:
    - French media: problems in talks caused by Albanian insistence upon independence; Liberation: Albanian delegation unrealistic about independence --Hebert Vedrin: no country would support an independent Kosovo after considering the effects it would have on surrounding countries, success of talks depends upon Albanian capability to find solution other than independence (cited); Liberation: everything depends on Contact Group and their protection of Kosovo Albanians; Madeleine Albright arriving tomorrow for upcoming Contact Group meeting.
    - Serb protests in Lyon, France; unidentified speakers: French people misled in real truth about Balkans, US has no right to meddle, find solution peacefully (translated, VO)
    - Kosovo Albanian protests in Rambouillet: asking for independence; two US Congressmen support protesters: Serbian side to blame for delay in talks (cited); US Congressman Engel (sp.) chief lobbyist for Albanian interests.
    - Citation of upcoming Politika editorial "What is the goal in the magnification of the Kosovo question?" Albanian delegation persistent in refusal to sign ten principles of Contact Group -- why is Albanian delegation in Rambouillet?, all Albanian counselors are from US, their mission is to destabilize the region and convince world community that NATO presence in Kosovo is necessary, US directs [diplomatic] game in Rambouillet, moderate Albanian leader Ibrahim Rugova used to fool regular Kosovo Albanians, US supports terrorists.
    - Report on explosion in Urosevac. (inaudible)
    - Serbian public reaction to Kosovo crisis
    Zoran Andjelkovic statement. (inaudible)
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 28 min
    BA764

  599. News, March 2 and 3, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News. Report on Christopher Hill and Milan Milutinovic meeting -- Milutinovic: Rambouillet achieved initial degree of success, hopes to continue negotiations, US needs to take stand against Kosovo independence referendum and for KLA disarmament, expects next talks to allow for direct negotiations between Serbian and Albanian delegations, all elements of Kosovo autonomy must be clearly defined before next signing (cited). - Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minster Vuk Draskovic talks with US Ambassador Christopher Hill -- Vuk Draskovic: political agreement to be based on UN and international law, ten principles of Contact Group (cited); Christopher Hill: political proposal does not contain possibility of Kosovo independence. (cited) - Christopher Hill: points drawn up in Rambouillet are good starting point, peace agreement without implementation plan is useless, implementation to be done through NATO forces (cited). - Vuk Draskovic meets Special EU Envoy to Kosovo Bogdanko Petric; Petric: text of political agreement contains specific Kosovo autonomy within Yugoslav borders. - Yugoslav Foreign Minister Zivadin Jovanovic to meet Byelorussian counterpart Ural Latipov. 00:06:57 - Knut Vollebeck (OSCE) meets with Zoran Andjelkovic: peace proposal for Kosovo respects Yugoslav sovereignty and borders; Andjelkovic gave examples of KLA attacks against civilians, the Serbian Police, and Yugoslav Army. - Vollebeck holds a press conference: confirmed Yugoslav border cannot be changed, question of referendum not mentioned in Contact Group peace proposal, certain KLA groups insist on independence and are like IRA (cited). - Serbian Radical Party: US supports terrorist plans for independence; invite them to Washington, DC to give pointers how to achieve common goal of separating Kosovo from Yugoslavia; Serbian people will not allow Kosovo independence (cited). - Vuk Draskovic holds press conference: Yugoslavia not to accept political agreement which does not guarantee complete territorial sovereignty of Serbia and Yugoslavia, equal rights for all minorities. - News in brief: KLA attacks Serbian police and Yugoslav military forces near Kosovo/Macedonian Djeneral Jankovic border crossing; KLA attacks military patrol near Volujak. - Individuals in KLA uniformed civilian dress kill one person and wound another (near Velika Hoca) -- wounded man was handed over to OSCE observers -- wounded man and his doctor give statements; Albanian Kosovo Democratic Initiative (Kosovska Demokratska Inicijativa) strongly condemns latest KLA attacks on [non-separatist] Albanian leaders; Adem Demaci resigned as leader of KLA because Rambouillet would not guarantee Kosovo independence -- circumstances changed with arrival of KLA members ready to sign Rambouillet peace agreement (cited). -Report on foreign media coverage: Austria's Der Standard: KLA responsible for heightened tensions; Die Presse and Der Standard: US cynicism evident after US invites KLA leaders to Washington, DC; Vienna Kourier: KLA attack on Serbian police on Sunday left two dead and four wounded policemen; Libyan Al-Jamahiria (sp): NATO intentions unclear after breakup of USSR, hence the inconsistency in handling of Kosovo crisis -- KLA uses Islam for political purposes; Mexican Uno Masuno (sp): US endangers world peace, Kosovo is a geo-strategic goal for drug trafficking, KLA's training camps in Albania, refusal to accept Yugoslavia's territorial sovereignty and KLA disarmament key problem for Albanians, refusal to allow NATO troops on Kosovo territory key problem for Belgrade. - Madeleine Albright meets with Chinese President Zeming (sp): US-China relations should focus on constructive cooperation in 21st century, questions over human rights and Taiwan are an internal problem (cited); also discuss China's veto on UN troops in Macedonia. - US continues bombardment of Iraq; US bombs oil refinery designated for the oil-for-food program; Iraq officials: to continue defense against US/British aggression (cited). News in English: Hill meets with Milutinovic; KLA attacks Serbian police and Yugoslav army at Djeneral Jankovic border point; KLA attacks Yugoslav Army near Volujak; KLA attack near Velika Hoca left one man dead and another wounded; Adem Demaci resigns from the KLA -- Demaci: Albanian fight for independence will never cease (cited); heating and cooling fair opened in Belgrade. Serbian Television Evening News 00:22:08 - General Dragoljub Ojdanic visits Yugoslav army Pristina corps stationed in Kosovo: talks to General- Lieutenant Colonel Nebojsa Pavkovic, Air Force Commander General-Lieutenant Colonel Spasoje Smiljkovic, General-Lieutenant Colonel Branislav Petrovic, and Major General Vladmimir Lazarevic; Ojdanic: NATO troops not allowed to enter Kosovo, Yugoslav Army soldiers will not spare lives for defense of country and freedom (cited); high-ranking officers continue visitation of Yugoslav Army units in Kosovo. - General Ojdanic meets President of Temporary Executive Council of Kosovo (Predsednik Privremenog Izvrsnog Veca) Zoran Andjelkovic; the country's readiness to defend territorial sovereignty of Yugoslavia discussed, Yugoslav Army and Serbian Police are professional in execution of their duties (cited). - Tony Blair states at press conference: Rambouillet set precedent for continuation of March 15 talks in Paris; no talks about Kosovo independence (cited); British diplomatic circles: push for talks European initiative, questions US role, certain KLA members travelling to US should be tried for crimes committed in Kosovo (cited). - Report on foreign media coverage: Italian Ansa press: cites Milan Milutinovic statement that US cannot support Kosovo independence and peace talks at same time; Suddeutsche Zeitung: US sent Bob Dole to talks with Albanian leaders, promises them independence without consideration that West does not support separation of Kosovo from Yugoslavia; US Foreign Services Committee sharply criticizes US and Madeleine Albright's policy towards Kosovo crisis; Bulgarian Trud: Bulgarian government decision to allow foreign troops to enter Bulgaria is political cynicism (all cited). News in English CUT OFF.
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 2-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 28 min
    BA765
    Evening News, March 4 and 5, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    News in English
    - Report cut off. - Evening News in Serbian: General Dragoljub Ojdanic visits the Pristina Corps and Yugoslav Army troops near Djakovica, Pec and Prizren. Ojdanic: has faith in soldiers and commander border guards in Kosovo, mission is to defend country; Yugoslav Army welcomes peaceful resolution of the Kosovo-Metohija problem; Srbija and Yugoslavia can survive only by keeping Kosmet (cited).
    - Dr. Vojislav Seselj at a meeting: Serbian people want no foreign troops in Yugoslavia; no autonomy for Kosovo-Metohija.
    - Serbian Renewal Movement: terrorists continue attacks against Yugoslav government forces, police and civilians; more on illegal activities by Albanian terrorists (cited).
    - (00:30:35-00:31:50) Serbian public reaction to foreign troops' involvement in Kosovo
    - News brief (BEGINNING CUT OFF): On OSCE: spokesperson for verifying mission, Beatrice Lacoste (sp): cannot confirm burning of houses in Iglarevo, a predominantly Albanian village. Spokesman for Prizren mission, Simon Gary (sp): no Kosovo Albanian refugees in Prizren area. Regional director, General Michele Mison-Knepf (sp): Yugoslav Army treats local population legitimately; Yugoslav army and Serbian police cooperate with OSCE. Siptars' intentions to use the period until 15 March to create the so-called humanitarian catastrophe is discovered. OSCE's representatives to [Kosovar] Albanian reporters: avoid use of unchecked and unbalanced information that put OSCE's missions in great danger (all cited).
    - (00:32:59) Russian Foreign Minster Igor Ivanov meets British Foreign Minister Robin Cook in Moscow. Ivanov: Yugoslavia is a sovereign state, no foreign troops there without Belgrade's approval; Contact Group's main task: resume negotiations on 15 March and sign an agreement with Russians ending the crisis in Kosovo; UK intends to cooperate in finding resolution for the crisis (all cited); Cook: comments on meeting with Ivanov.
    - Dutch government on trial for its support of NATO's threats against Serbia and the Serbs.
    ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERAGE:
    - Macedonian magazine Puls cites Jan Oberg of the Foundation for Peace Movements: superpowers use small conflicts to reassert their world power.
    - Berliner Zeitung : Kosovo-Metohija terrorists funded through drug smuggling, KLA's income is 900 million DM; financial support and weapons illegally funneled to Kosovo-Metohija; war taxes imposed on all Albanians living abroad are another source of income for terrorists (cited).
    World News:
    -US bombardment of Iraqi oil pipeline (footage provided); China concerned over US-UK attack on Iraq; Turkish president disapproves of US strike against Iraq; China Daily: US should worry about human rights abuses at home instead of interfering in other countries' internal affairs.
    00:37:30-43:22 - Traditional Serbian song (starogradska).
    00:43:22 - News in English
    - Federal government meeting: establish tighter border controls to protect against illegal insertion of terrorist groups into Kosovo-Metohija; Byelorussian Vice President Ural Latipov meets Yugoslav Minister of Foreign Affairs Zivadin Jovanovic--condemns terrorism and separatism in Kosovo-Metohija and NATO's threats against Yugoslavia; agreement abolishing visas signed.
    - (00:44:16) General Dragoljub Ojdanic visits Yugoslav Army units in Pec, Djakovica and Prizren (same as in 00:27:39)
    - Igor Ivanov meets Robin Cook (same as in 00:32:59 ).
    - Ethnic Albanian terrorists kill two Serbs, brothers in Milic, near Vucitern [north of Pristina].

    00:46:23
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Serbian public reactions to Kosovo crisis.
    - Serbian Socialist Party rally, various speakers: The Serbs will defend Serbia and Yugoslavia.
    - (00:48:51) Priboj: rally of support for Federal government and Milosevic's policy, various speakers: want to live in peace and find peaceful solution to crisis in Kosovo; Serbs do not accept Holy Serbian land's secession and NATO's aggression; no Kosovo without Serbia.
    - (00:51:46) Serbian Radical Party: OSCE observers's arrogance reached a peak when they joined the terrorists in burning [Kosovar] Albanian houses to entice western journalists into believing the Serbs are to blame for the exodus of the Albanian ethnic minority from Kosovo-Metohija, an action their American leaders see as a warrant to deploy NATO troops in the region. Serbia will never accept foreign occupation. (cited)
    - Serbian Renewal Movement: on the Serbian attitude toward the Rambouillet peace talks--Kosovo must be kept through political settlement; the loss of Kosovo would become a national tragedy and unforgivable treason.
    - British Foreign Secretary Robin Cook meets Russian Foreign Minister Evgeny Primakov: comments on the meeting.
    - Russian Foreign Ministry representative Vladimir Rahmanjin: foreign troops in Yugoslavia only if Yugoslav government agrees.
    - Reactions of Russian Duma to Kosovo crisis: Genady Zhuganov (sp) pointed to similarities between NATO actions, that breach all international conventions, and those of the pre-WWII Nazi Germany under Hitler (cited); other comments on NATO's intentions featured.

    00:55:58
    ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERAGE:
    - German magazine Konkret: the West, including Germany, aids terrorists with money and weapons; KLA and Albanian drug traffickers are synonymous; Germany responsible for the rise of terrorists in Kosmet, as well as funding and supplying them with equipment and establishing KLA's command structure (all cited).
    - The Jordan Times: US applies double-standards towards the Kurds and Albanians from Kosmet; The Al Asvah (sp): Rambouillet showed that the Serbs obey international law and respect the international community; The Al Arabal Al?: KLA members are terrorists recruited from mafia.
    - (00:57:14) Serbian Radical Party: bashing of Carlos Westendorp for dismissing President of Republika Srpska Nikola Poplasen (cited).
    00:58:30 - News in English--News brief
    - Serbian government meets to prepare for Paris negotiations: Rambouillet peace proposal contradictory to Contact Group's ten points. Russian Foreign Ministry meets to discuss Kosovo crisis. Ethnic Albanian terrorists attacked Serbian police food transport near Magura village: six policemen seriously injured; OSCE present at the scene.

    01:00:56
    Serbian Television Evening News (BEGINNING CUT OFF)
    - Discussion of Roberts Owen's decision regarding Brcko
    - Yugoslav Defense Minister meets Russian counterpart to discuss NATO policy in Yugoslavia and bilateral cooperation.
    - (01:02:12-01:05:59) Serbian public reaction to Kosovo crisis; statements in support of Yugoslavia by Russian filmmakers; Vladimir Meshnyov, Vadim Abdrashitov, and Valerij Prijemihov.
    - Zitogradja: rally in support of Yugoslav government policies; excerpts from speeches: Kosovo is Serbia, no foreign troops on Yugoslavia's soil.
    - Serbian Renewal Movement: basis for peaceful solution achieved in Contact Group's Ten Principles; Kosovo is foundation of Serbian statehood and spriritiuality, hence cannot accept agreements which separate Kosovo from Serbia (cited).
    - Kosmet's People's Party (NPK), a predominantly Albanian party: as negotiations between Serbian government and Kosmet Albanians draw nearer, Siptar terrorist increase attacks against Yugoslav army, police, and civilians to undermine peaceful resolution of the Kosmet crisis; call to Albanians from Kosmet and abroad to rise against terrorism and change of borders and support the official Federal government line; NPK supports Yugoslav efforts in Rambouillet (cited).
    - Russian Foreign Ministry: Yugoslavia a sovereign state, foreign troops in Kosovo only with Belgrade's approval (cited).
    - Albright-Cook London meeting: discussion of Kosovo crisis and Cook-Ivanov Moscow meeting.
    ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERAGE
    - Spanish news agency: Kosovo Albanians want to gain independence with NATO's help. Bulgarian daily Monitor: US and western powers' involvement in Kosovo crisis criticized; Kosovo crisis is internal problem; Instead of condemning terrorism, the international community puts pressure on legitimate authorities; KLA-typical terrorist organization that wants Kosmet's secession from Yugoslavia and its affiliation with Greater Albania. Yugoslav daily Politika cites The Washington Post article criticizing Albright's policy (cited). (TRANSLATE--unlikely language in American press: gomile naoruzanih Albanaca koji su takav olos da naspram njih irska rep. Armija deluje velicanstveno. Ovo je verzija filma "Ratom protiv istine" koji mi gubimo od Albanaca...)
    - (01:13:00) On RS: Owen Roberts' decision to change the status of Brcko and Westendorp's to replace RS president Nikola Poplasen heighten political tensions in RS. Zivko Radisic resigns: decisions undermine RS and BH constitution and violate Dayton agreement. Petar Djokic: the Brcko decision unacceptable; the West favors Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats. Brcko is besieged by SFOR; Serbian Radical Party organizes protest in the city;
    - Reactions to events in Brcko -- Russia: will evaluate the decision. Britain: decision violates Dayton agreement; US imposed its will upon Europe; legal aspect of replacing Nikola Poplasen unclear. Spanish daily El Pais: the West wants to show Serbia it is still in charge; Spanish daily Diario 16: printed Poplasen's letter to Carl Westendorp; The New York Times and The Washington Post: decision on Brcko caused political crisis in RS; two decisions coincide strangely; US stands behind everything (all cited).
    Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 50 min
    BA766

  600. News, March 6, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    News in English - Serbian President Milan Milutinovic and Serbian Vice President Ratko Markovic address letters to Contact Group asking for negotiation conditions without threats; Yugoslav Defense Minister Pavle Bulatovic meets Russian Defense Minister Igor Sergeiev: NATO troops in Kosovo unacceptable; Serbian government meets to review Rambouillet and upcoming March 15 talks: US media and certain Contact Group nation's media report inaccurately on what has been achieved, wide Kosovo self-rule must respect territorial sovereignty of Yugoslavia (cited); Zoran Lilic, Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister, states: US not concerned about ethnic Albanian rights, but only in deployment of NATO troops (cited); Yugoslav government and officials' responses to Brcko being declared a district against Dayton agreement (cited); Albanian terrorist bombing of Serb restaurant in Pec leaves six wounded; Albanian terrorist drive-by shooting of a diner in Vranjevac leaves one person dead. Serbian Television Evening News - Serbian Renewal Movement: Kosovo self-rule must be clear cut and without detriment to Serbia and Yugoslavia, and to the benefit of all Kosovo citizens (cited). - Reaction of Serbian public and intellectuals to bombing threats by Western alliance. Report on reactions among diplomatic circles and Western media to peace talks: - London diplomatic circles: US ignores real Albanian goals, skeptical that Albanians will accept political agreement; BBC: Albanians once again failed to follow through with peace agreement; British commentators: unlike US expects, solution cannot be found right away; foreign press agencies report statement by KLA leaders that only independence for Kosovo is acceptable; French press: such statements by KLA negate all peace efforts so far; US media: Bob Dole mission to talk to KLA turns into fiasco, State Department admits it miscalculated Kosovo Albanian [leaders]; New York Times: Europe increasingly skeptical over US desire to bomb Yugoslavia (all cited). - Chinese Foreign Minister Tak Ji-Aswang (sp.): China to continue discussing Kosovo crisis with Russia, China continues to oppose the hegemony of one superpower (cited). - Segment of reports related to Brcko and Republika Sprska: Republika Srpska Parliament meeting: discuss Carlos Westendorp's decision to unseat Republika Srpska President Nikola Poplasen and resignation of Republic's Prime Minister; Carlos Westendorp's decision in contradiction with Dayton agreement and Republika Srpska constitution; Republika Srpska representatives not to participate in Bosnian Federation parliament until Brcko situation resolved; two Bosnian Serb representatives to boycott European Council Parliament meeting in Strasbourg; Russia calls for emergency meeting of Bosnian peace implementation committee. - Serbian police attacked while trying to apprehend two criminals: attack left two policemen dead and one wounded; OSCE present during investigation. News in English - Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic meets with OSCE director Knut Vollebeck: OSCE mission outlined. - Serbian government delegation holds meeting to discuss results of Rambouillet; Yugoslav delegation: US and other Contact Group members deliberately cause confusion over Rambouillet, Albanians have still not signed anything, Contact Group to organize next round of talks, Kosovo not to secede under any circumstance (cited). - Rallies in Backa Palanka, Podgorica, and Brussels in support of Yugoslav government. - Yugoslav Defense Minister Pavle Bulatovic meets Russian Defense Minister Igor Sergeiev: NATO troops in Kosovo unacceptable. - Yugoslav Foreign Minsister Zivadin Jovanovic meets Belorus leaders: Belrussia supports Yugoslavia, work to improve cooperation, signed agreement abolishing visas (cited). - Yugoslav General Dragoljub Ojdanic: no foreign troops in Kosovo, will defend it if necessary (cited).
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 6-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 29 min
    BA767
    News, March 7, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    News in English - Belgrade Evening Report:
    - Serbian Prime Minister Mirko Marjanovic publishes book about economic reform and life under sanctions; Milosevic wrote preface.
    - Military Medical Academy celebrates155th anniversary.
    -Announcer: Nikola Poplasen dismissal is an illegal act, its against Dayton, could jeopardize stability in region.

    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Slobodan Milosevic meets German and Austrian ambassadors in Belgrade: discussion of Kosovo crisis and cooperation between Yugoslavia and EU; EU should not threaten with bombs but aid Yugoslavia in fighting terrorism.
    - Serbian Radical Party: ancestors paid with blood for Serbia, no foreign troops on Serbian soil, Kosovo must be defended (cited).
    - Albanian Democratic Reform Party (Demokratska Reformska Partija Albanaca) speaks out against KLA: KLA only hurts Albanian people by giving them false hopes (cited).

    MARCH 8
    - Kosovska Mitrovica women protest to OSCE to regain the freedom of a kidnapped Serbian soldier; soldier's father and uncle killed on March 3.
    - Serbs and Macedonians in Vrbenica, Macedonia rally in support of Milosevic and his policy.
    - CNN interviews Yugoslav ambassador to US Nebojsa Vujovic : Serbia to seek peace through Ten Principles of Contact Group -- amendments added to Rambouillet agreement which could qualify Kosovo as independent republic (cited).
    - Report on foreign media coverage:
    Hungarian Magyar Hirlap: publish letter by Milan Milutinovic and Ratko Markovic -- Milutinovic asks Contact Group to prevent US manipulation; Hungarian Nepszabadsag: Belgrade opposes option of Kosovo citizen's referendum after three year moratorium.
    - French President Jacques Chirac meets NATO Secretary-General Javier Solana to discuss Kosovo situation.
    - Bosnian Serb parliament votes to refuse Robert Owen's and Carlos Westendorp decision regarding the status of Brcko.
    - Journalists within Republika Srpska and outside its borders gave international representatives a protest letter against the Brcko situation - status unjust and against Dayton agreement.

    Special Program On A Direct Line
    - Yugoslav citizens rallied in Malme, Sweden in support of Yugoslavia and its fight against terrorism.
    - Political activism of Yugoslav citizens living in Germany: Yugoslav clubs organize rallies and protests in support of Yugoslavia's policy in Kosovo and against NATO threats.
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 18 min
    BA768
    News, March 8, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Special Program On A Direct Line (continued from 768):
    - Upcoming rallies by in support of Yugoslav policies by Yugoslav citizens living in: Switzerland, Northern France, and Denmark.
    - Reports from Vienna and Stuttgart on Serbs' view of Kosovo crisis.
    - Short documentary on new role of NATO: US uses NATO to create New World Order, to realize hegemonistic ideas, provoke crisis to show problem-solving capabilities, US openly dismisses OSCE and UN authority -- what is NATO's role in post-Cold War period?
    - Serbian public reaction to NATO bombing threats
    - Serbian Renewal Movement: US goes against principles of its founding fathers by supporting terrorists.
    Serbian Television Evening News News (1):
    - Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic meets Balkan Envoy Richard Holbrooke; Milosevic: Yugoslavia fighting terrorism not war in Kosovo, Brcko situation threatens Dayton agreement (cited).
    - Serbian Radical Party: US wants to accuse Serbia of hindering peace process and aid Kosovo Albanians in creating greater Albania (cited).
    Report on Foreign Media Coverage:
    - Bulgarian parliament to meet and decide on aiding NATO; German newspaper Neues Deutschland: KLA persistent in desire to separate Kosovo from Yugoslavia, US unsuccessfull at getting KLA to sign Contact Group's Ten Principles; Wallstreet Journal: NATO lacks legal right to deploy troops in Yugoslavia, no US interests in Kosovo, too much money already spent in Bosnia (all cited).
    - Bulgarian/Yugoslavia Friendship organization meets in Sofia, Bulgaria to discuss Kosovo crisis: US flaring up ethnic conflicts in Europe to prevent a united Europe, why does not NATO bomb KLA training camps in Albania? (cited).
    - Serbian police found weapons in the village of Gaire along with 4 Albanian men held by the KLA.
    - Radisic (a Republika Srpska official): Brcko's new status endangers stability and peace in the region (cited).
    END CUT OFF

    STUDIO B:
    - Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov to meet Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic in Belgrade tomorrow: discussion of Kosovo situation and peace solution; Ivanov meeting today with Albanian political leaders in Tirana, Albania.
    - Greek Foreign Minister Jorgos Papandreu (sp.) to meet Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, Yugoslav Deputy Minister Vuk Draskovic, and President of Serbia Milan Milutinovic.
    - KLA attacks Yugoslav army forces near the villages of Zur and Brez; OSCE reports that a shootout around Jeskovo has stopped -- one policeman was wounded (part of report inaudible).
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 40 min
    BA769
    News, March 10, 1999 (news)
    Studio B Evening News. Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov to meet Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic in Belgrade tomorrow: discussion of Kosovo situation and peace solution; Ivanov meeting today with Albanian political leaders in Tirana, Albania.
    - Greek Foreign Minister Jorgos Papandreu (sp.) to meet Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, Yugoslav Deputy Minister Vuk Draskovic, and President of Serbia Milan Milutinovic.
    - KLA attacks Yugoslav army forces near the villages of Zur and Brez; OSCE reported that a shootout around Jeskovo has stopped -- one policeman was wounded (part of report inaudible).
    (NOTE: these reports also appear in the last ten minutes of tape 769)
    - Announcer: Yugoslav Ministry of Information refutes accusations that human abuses rights occur on territory of Kosovo and Raska.
    - Report inaudible.
    - Vuk Draskovic meets Norwegian representative Artur Frederick (sp.): discussion of Kosovo crisis. (parts of report inaudible)
    - Announcer: the Gora Villagers Homeland Association ( Zavicajno Udruzenje Goranaca) calls on the Gora villagers men over 18 to prepare to fight, if needed: Yugoslavia their only country, for 50 years Albanian officials forced Gora villagers to change their Serbian names; Bob Dole disappointed KLA refused to sign Ten Principles of Contact Group: blames KLA leader Hasim Taci (all cited).
    - Henry Kissinger testifies before Congress against US involvement in Kosovo (part of report inaudible).

    RTS 1
    - Announcer: Yugoslav government reaction to Brcko status: arbitrary Commission has jurisdiction only in areas around Brcko, change of status direct violation of Dayton agreement and of Constitution of Bosnia and Hercegovina (cited).
    - Federal parliament meets: denounces UN human rights envoy Irizi Disbir's report on human rights violations in Kosovo province and Raska area, Yugoslav government will gather information for report at upcoming UN human rights commission meeting in Geneva; parliament discusses economic plans, support for developing small business.
    Producer: Serbian TV (Studio B, RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 15 min
    BA770

  601. News, March 11, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News (RTS 1) - Dr. Vojislav Seselj on NATO involvement in the Kosovo crisis: no foreign troops in Yugoslavia, Kosovo can not secede from Serbia, against Arbitrary Commission decision to change status of Brcko. - News brief: KLA attacks policemen and border patrol in area of Zur, Brezna and Dragas -- OSCE was informed of the attack; Bulgarian Charge d'Affaires Todor Kavaldziev (sp.) meets Yugoslav ambassador to Bulgaria Srecko Djukic to discuss Kosovo crisis; Henry Kissinger testifies before Congress: US involvement in Kosovo bad idea, deployment of NATO troops an invasion of sovereign state. Report on foreign media coverage: - French Liberation publishes commentary from Defense editor where he sharply criticizes use of force, NATO threats to Yugoslavia are illegal and absurd; Russian press: Richard Holbrooke fails to impose wish of his employers on to Yugoslavia, Milosevic reiterated Yugoslavia's position regarding Kosovo; - Chinese press: Milosevic/Holbrooke meeting -- Milosevic refused foreign troops, Yugoslavia fighting terrorism, not war in Kosovo; British Daily Telegraph: unacceptable to influence political solution with force; British Guardian: Kosovo Albanians should not be allowed to rule over Kosovo's other minorities; Spanish El Pais: Holbrooke always arrives to Belgrade with empty threats (all cited). STUDIO B (Report inaudible. Rest of tape has extremely bad audio.)
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 11-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 10 min
    BA771
    News, March 12, 1999 (news)
    STUDIO B: audio bad in some parts - makes it hard to understand
    RTS 1:- Yugoslav Foreign Minister meets Greek and Russian minister.
    - Serbian police liquidate seven terrorists in Leskovo.
    - KLA members who attacked Yugoslav army border patrol the day before where killed between Zagradska Hoca and Leskovo - OSCE representatives confirmed they were KLA.

    RTS SAT:
    - Representatives of Serbia and Kosovo's ethnic minorities arrive in Paris to continue peace talks: plans for talks similar to those of Rambouillet; no press briefings allowed. (lengthy report)
    - Head of Serbian delegation Ratko Markovic: all Serbs agree no decisions can be made on account of Yugoslavia's sovereignty; Kosovo must have autonomy with regard to people living in Kosovo; Kosovars as people do not exist -- Kosovo comprised of various ethnic minorities; Kosovo religious and cultural symbol of Serbs; if political compromise signed by all parties, Serbia does not need foreign troops to implement it; NATO forces seen as aggressor if they come in uninvited.
    - Yugoslav Vice President Nikola ©ainovic: terrorist actions continue despite talks; 2300 terrorist attacks and 400 victims of attacks since 1998; 150 individuals kidnapped, 31 dead; [Podujevo] café attack deliberately on civilians; have duty to fight terrorism.
    - Serbian Renewal Movement: bombs explode as Albanian delegation leaves for peace negotiations (cited).
    - Serbian Radical Party hosts three Skopje bar owners who had to fight off drunken British NATO soldiers who were causing havoc.
    - People's Party of Kosmet (Narodna Partija Kosmeta): Albanian faith in Yugoslav government grows, separatists destroy ethnic unity for personal interests, Party gives full support to Yugoslav government (cited).
    - Gora Villagers Homeland Association (Zavicajno Udruzenje Goranaca): against the kidnapping of an Albanian woman, Serbia is their country, will defend if necessary (cited).
    - KLA attacked Yugoslav army and Serbian Police: four KLA members killed; KLA then attacked incident investigators.
    - Pristina Corps Commander Yugoslav Major General Vladimir Lazarevic: KLA attacks in Macedonian border area of Kacanik, and areas of Kosovska Mitrovica and Vucitrn; attacks Serbian civilians and Albanians refusing to fight with KLA; army ready to defend Kosovo and Serbia.
    - Russia and Byelorussia meet: full support for Yugoslav delegation at Paris talks; President of Russian Duma Genadij Seleznjov: Yugoslavia capable of finding peaceful solution, disagree with NATO ignoring Security Council resolutions, KLA a Western creation, KLA receives weapons through Albania (translated, VO); Moscow Mayor Yury Lushkov: support Yugoslavian delegation, against NATO bombing non-member countries into compliance (translated, VO).

    03:35:31
    - Yugoslav Foreign Minister Zivadin Jovanovic states to French Allemand: certain groups in US support terrorism and separatism in Kosovo, KLA serves US interests (cited).
    - Report on conclusion of EU foreign ministers meeting: EU not to set deadlines for Paris talks.
    - Russian media response to Kosovo crisis: Yugoslavia not to accept foreign troops on its soil, threats of force designed to bring about peace are unacceptable, full backing of Yugoslavia (cited).
    - OSCE President Knut Vollebeck: condemns KLA attacks in Podujevo and Kosovska Mitrovica; attacks should inspire delegations in Paris to find a solution to Kosovo crisis (cited).
    - Roman daily La Repubblica: KLA attacks in Kosovo and Metohija remind of terrorist attacks in Sarajevo; Serbs blamed for attacks to provoke NATO intervention (cited).
    - Robin Cooke: Contact Group cannot guarantee successful outcome of Paris talks; British media: Yugoslavia not to accept foreign troops under any circumstances; British Sunday Times: Contact Group divided over possible bombing of Yugoslavia (all cited).
    - Jordanian daily Al-Arab Al-Jahim (sp.): scenarios similar to Kosovo can also happen in Arab world, Arabs and Muslims should not easily fall for Western propaganda traps.
    - Yugoslav ambassador to Macedonia after talks with Macedonian foreign minister: Yugoslavia to continue cooperation with Macedonia; concerned over increasing NATO presence in Macedonia (cited).
    - Anti-NATO demonstrations in Salzburg: against [NATO] threats to Yugoslavia; condemn [particularly US] politics of double standards.
    - Anti-NATO demonstrations in Hamburg: around 600 demonstrators; will fight for peace.
    - Anti-NATO demonstrations in Paris: no foreign troops necessary; [foreign troops] used to occupy sovereign state; condemn Albanian's request for independence.
    Producer: Serbian TV (Studio B, RTS1, RTS SAT) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 38 min
    BA772
    News, March 14, 1999 (news)
    (03:44:10) News in English: Belgrade Evening Report -- News For Foreigners
    - Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov and Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic meet to discuss Serbian participation at Rambouillet peace negotiations, potential agreement between the Serbs and Albanian, and foreign military presence in Kosovo. Both Russia and Serbia oppose foreign troops presence in Yugoslavia.
    - (03:44:00) Milosevic meets US Envoy Richard Holbrooke. Milosevic: Yugoslavia stands for peaceful solution and equality of all ethnic groups in Kosovo and autonomy of Kosovo within Yugoslavia; Contact Group's solution acceptable; events in Kosovo represent struggle against terrorism, not war; criticizes Westendorp's decisions regarding Republika Srpska and calls for their annulment.
    - (03:47:28) Milosevic meets German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer and EU Foreign Policy Commissioner Hans Van Der Brook (sp): cooperation between Yugoslavia, Germany, and EU discussed. Milosevic: Yugoslavia determined to solve Kosovo-Metohija problem by reaching a political solution that is consistent with the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia and Yugoslavia; equality of all ethnic groups in Serbian province crucial for agreement; instead of their hegemonistic threats and pressure against Yugoslavia, European countries should support its struggle against terrorism - the universal evil (cited).
    - (03:48:00) Milosevic meets with Greek Foreign Minister Jorgos Papandreu (sp.): autonomy of Kosovo-Metohija possible only within Serbia and Yugoslavia; the use of force against Yugoslavia violates international conventions; Serbia and Yugoslavia will guarantee implementation of any political agreement; Yugoslav-Greek cooperation reaffirmed.
    - (03:49:34) Serbian President Milan Milutinovic arrives in Paris for Kosovo peace talks.
    - Serbian State Delegation arrives in Paris. Head of Delegation, Serbian Deputy Prime Minister Ratko Markovic, holds press conference at Yugoslav embassy: Serbs ready to resolve Kosovo crisis by peaceful means; no deals to compromise sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia and Yugoslavia; Serbia won't give up Kosovo-Metohija; if NATO troops come, they will be treated as aggressors (cited).
    - (03:50:29) Rallies in support of Yugoslav authorities and Milosevic's policy held in Negotin and Vrbas (Serbia) and Golubac near Podgorica, Montenegro.
    - (03:51:00) Yugoslav United Left (JUL) headed by Mira Markovic meets in Belgrade's Sava Centar. Markovic: Serbs are one of the most advanced Slav nations and among the oldest European nations; won't be treated like [American] Indians and become the Kurds or new Jews without offering resistance (cited).
    - A group of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo-Metohija sends a letter of support to Milosevic: not all Albanians in the province agree with separatists; ethnic Albanians' future is in peaceful coexistence with other ethnic groups; encourage Milosevic to withstand outside pressure; this country will prevail despite outside threats.
    - (03:52:44) Yugoslavs living and working abroad hold rallies throughout the world (footage from Bregenz, Austria, Copenhagen, and Stockholm shown), condemning international threats and separatism and terrorism in Kosovo-Metohija.
    - Yugoslav Assembly delegation headed by Tomislav Nikolic takes part in Byelorussian-Russian assembly session: adopt statement of support for Yugoslavia. Russian Duma President Genady Seleznov (sp.): condemns threats against Yugoslavia; foreign troops entering Yugoslavia without UN Security Council's authorization is an act of aggression (cited).
    - (03:54:22) Albanian terrorists commit new premeditated crimes in Kosovo-Metohija in order to prevent peaceful solution to the crisis; OSCE officials fear new terrorist attacks.
    - Two explosions kill 2 and injured 21 in Podujevo; an explosion kills three and injures over 40 in Kosovska Mitrovica; special Serbian police units dispatched from Belgrade to determine circumstances of the terrorist attacks.
    - Yugoslav Minister of Foreign Affairs Zivadin Jovanovic sends a letter to supervisory committee of the council for implementing peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina protesting dismissal of Poplasen and change of Brcko's status. The two decisions violate Dayton Agreement and destabilize Bosnia (cited).
    - Serbian government passes measures against creating artificial shortages of cooking oil and sugar to profit illegally.
    - Sports: Yugoslavia to defend European Soccer Championship title in game against Israel.

    (03:57:10) Serbian Television Evening News
    - Milutinovic answers reporters' questions in Paris: day productive; Serbian delegation came to find fair agreement over Kosovo autonomy; NATO strikes are not discussed-Yugoslavia not afraid of NATO as the agreement does not consider its involvement; despite rumors, no such agreement reached yet.
    - (04:00:24) Serbian President Milan Milutinovic visits Yugoslav delegation in Paris. Yugoslav delegation meets with Contact Group mediators: reiterated its goal to reach political agreement; confirmed its intention to support peaceful solution, autonomy (whose autonomy?) within Serbia and Yugoslavia and equality of all ethnic groups in Kosovo-Metohija; ready to rework currently proposed solution which differs from Contact Groups' Ten Points. Hubert Vedrin and Robin Cook arrive at the meeting and inform reporters that Albanians intend to sign agreement (all cited). Serbian delegation emphasizes the agreement is not finalized.
    - (04:02:37) Albanian delegation leaders arrive in Paris unexpectedly: Albanian leaders Ibrahim Rugova and Hasim Taci decide to accept peace agreement but do not sign it yet; ask for more EU and particularly US involvement (cited).
    - (04:03:03) Cook and Hubert Vedrin hold press conference: no agreement signed (inaudible in some parts).
    Report ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERAGE:
    - French dailies Le Figaro and La Croix: Paris meeting begins with uncertainty, not much progress between Rambouillet and Paris talks; armed Albanian separatists intensify attacks in Kosovo; Kosovo Albanians break promise to sign the agreement before Paris talks.
    - La Croix: rift between Ibrahim Rugova and Hasim Taci and disagreements between KLA's political and military leadership present handicap for Kosovo Albanians.
    - Le Figaro: three international intellectuals plead with international community to give up their plans to bomb Serbia. Kosovo-Metohija has abundance of medieval monuments of Serbian culture; remind readers of 1982 burning of Pec patriarchate and destruction of other churches and monasteries; plead with UNESCO General Secretary to use his authority and persuade western leaders to avoid armed conflict in Kosovo.
    - Pro-Yugoslav, pro-Milosevic demonstrations in Skopje, Macedonia: Serbs and Macedonians show support for peace, cooperation in the Balkans and for Kosmet as integral part of Serbia, and Serb-Macedonian friendship; denounce terrorism, military threats, and NATO presence in Macedonia (cited). Speakers condemn terrorism and separatism in Kosmet and from abroad; Macedonia should reevaluate its relationship with NATO.
    - (04:10:13) Anti-American and anti-British demonstrations in Moscow: Kosovo integral part of Serbia, Russia against NATO aggression (cited).
    - (04:12:18) Serbs in Stuttgart protest against NATO's policy.
    - (04:14:36) Serbian public reaction to Kosovo crisis.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 31 min
    BA773

  602. News, March 15, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Serbian television evening news. Yugoslav army Pristina Corps Information Center: Albanian terrorists attack Yugoslav army vehicles in Central Kosovo region on two occasions; OSCE observers document incidents; attacks designed to provoke Yugoslav army and Serbian police, hence give creators of the New World Order reason to use force. - Announcer: corpses of two Albanian farmers found in Zac village; the men were abducted and liquidated by masked terrorists wearing KLA insignia on their uniforms; terrorists have so far liquidated four townsmen (sugradjana) from the Istok municipality. (translate) - Report outlining how terrorist activities around Kacanik increased after NATO's arrival in Macedonia; terrorists' plans included mobilizing the local population and securing a corridor for more terrorists, and eventually NATO troops, to enter through Macedonia; in a clash with the terrorists, Yugoslav army found document outlining financial help the terrorists received from Macedonia and a university in Istanbul (hard to understand this); TV crew recorded footage of a terrorist standing in the distance; TV crew found terrorist trenches, their belongings, and US humanitarian aid; propaganda war is waged by lighting fires next to private homes to give appearance that houses burning; this is done for OSCE observer William Walker and foreign media. (translate) - Russian President meets Primakov. (BEGINNING CUT OFF) ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERAGE: - ( 04:20:30) Chinese media: warn of Albanian terrorist attacks on Serbian police and Yugoslav army, Yugoslavia protests foreign troops with reason; Western media, in particular BBC/CNN, launched an anti-Serb campaign claiming that Serbs are committing ethnic cleansing and suppressing peaceful Albanians (cited). -The Washington Times: criticize US media, particularly CNN, demonizing Serbs, lack of clear definition regarding US interests in Kosovo; Christiane Amanpour charged for [directing] an unseen campaign against Serbia and Yugoslavia; criticize Wesley Clark and Madeleine Albright for supporting terrorists (cited). - Skopje daily Nova Makedonija: Albanian Science Academy publishes platform for solving Albanian national question which includes border changes on the Balkans, Albanian President Redjep Mejdani (sp.) behind the platform; according to this plan Kosovo would become the third Yugoslav republic, the Montenegro Albanians would get territorial and cultural autonomy, and in Macedonia Albanians would have their own state; Albanian delegation referred to this platform during Rambouillet negotiations (cited). - Greece: two protests against Greece aiding NATO forces; Bulgarian daily Duma: Kosmet question is Yugoslavia's internal matter, world powers are getting ready to establish a permanent US and NATO presence in the Balkans (cited); Serbian Patriarch Pavle meets Slovenia's leaders: need peaceful solution, Kosmet is Serbia's cradle (cited). 04:23:34 News in English - Ratko Markovic and the Yugoslav delegation arrive to Paris peace talks; Serbian President Milan Milutinovic meets with Yugoslav delegation and Contact Group mediators (cited). - Head of Yugoslav delegation Ratko Markovic: Serbia will never give up Kosovo voluntarily, autonomy only within the State (Serbia), foreign troops by invitation only -- otherwise considered aggressor, NATO serve purpose of Kosovo independence (cited). - British Foreign Minister Robin Cooke and French Foreign Minister Hebert Vedrin receive letter from Kosmet Albanian delegation announcing their readiness to sign Rambouillet agreement; Yugoslav Deupty Prime Minister Zoran Lilic: expects serious and responsible talks [in Paris] (cited); Yugoslav Foreign Minister Zivadin Jovanovic in statement to French weekly Le Vaman (sp): Madeleine Albright implicitly admits to supporting KLA (cited). News brief: - Yugoslav army soldiers to be kept 30 days longer after their term is up; ethnic Albanian terrorists attack Yugoslav forces on two separate occasions in area north of Pristina: terrorists attack to stage catastrophe and provoke reaction of international community; ethnic Albanian terrorist groups attack Luzane police station and Yugoslav army; two dead bodies found in Zak village: killed because of their loyalty to Yugoslavia; Information Service of Yugoslav Army Corps (Yugoslav Army Information Service?): ethnic Albanian terrorists attack Yugoslav army camp near Drvare village on March 14 -- Pristina Media Center: one army lieutenant killed; Information Service of Yugoslav army Corps: ethnic Albanian terrorists attack Yugoslav army units near Hercegovo village on March 13; three Serbian police officers wounded during Albanian terrorist attack in Podujevo on March 12. 04:29:54 News in Serbian - Milan Milutinovic surrounded by reporters when attempting to walk down to L'Arc de Triomphe: answers reporter's questions regarding Paris talks. - Yugoslav delegation sends letter to Hubert Vedrin and Robin Cooke: express intentions to find political agreement; Yugoslav delegation submits proposals for final points regarding Kosovo self-government (letter details cited -translate?); Yugoslav delegation criticizes part of Rambouillet agreement referring to constitutional and legal aspects: insist on respect for Yugoslavia's territorial sovereignty . - Diplomatic circles in Paris: question why Contact Group mediators did not inform Kosmet Albanian delegation of Yugoslav delegation's proposal?; various Contact Group members apply pressure to speed-up talks; Russian Contact Groups member Borislav Mayorski (sp.): changes to Rambouillet agreement regarding foreign troops were added behind Russia's back, Russia never accepted document of military implementation (cited); State Department Spokesman James Rubin: uncertain when they [US?] could sign nonexistent document, no signing ceremony planned (cited); NATO delegation arrives in Paris to clarify points of non-existent agreement -- also to arrive OSCE and UN delegations: meeting with Kosmet Albanian delegation to discuss implementing local political power. - (04:40:53) Serbian Prime Minister (Republicki Premijer) Mirko Marjanovic: must continue [economic] reforms despite pressures on country [Yugoslavia] (cited). - Protests in Banja Luka: citizens speak out against NATO threats to Yugoslavia, Brcko's change of status, and the unseating of Nikola Poplasen -- speeches by RS political leaders.
    Producer: Serbian TV Serbian language; 15-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 28 min
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    News, March 16 and 17, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Evening news program.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 29 min
    BA775
    News, March 17, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Evening news program.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 60 min
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  603. News, March 18, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    - Serbian President holds press conference at Rambouilett on the reasons for Serbia's refusal to sign the Rambouillet peace agreement. - Announcer reads letter about the Rambouillett peace agreement written by the Yugoslav delegation in Rambouillet. - Mil
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 18-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 63 min
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    News, March 19. 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Reports on Rambouillett talks; statement by Russian mediator Boris Mayorski (sp).
    - Yugoslav federal government meets in Belgrade; reactions to Rambouillet.
    - Statement by Yugoslav Foreign Minister Zivadin Jovanovic.
    - OSCE observers leave kosovo.
    - Statement by the Serbian Socialist Party.
    - The Serbian Socialist Party's Cultural committee meets to discuss situation in Serbia.
    - Serbian Radical Party meets in Boljevac; various speakers.
    - Yugoslav United Left holds meeting in Zlatibor, Knic, and ©avnik.
    - Announcer reads statement by State Department Spokesman James Foley.
    - Montenegro's Military Prosecutor accuses Montenegro's vice-president for sabotaging the Yugoslav military.
    - Statements by Genadij Osilov, president of the Russian Academy of Social Sciences.
    - Moscow residents protest against NATO in front of the US embassy.
    - UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan warns NATO that it lacks authority for taking military actions against Yugoslavia.
    - Russian Defense Minister Valentin Bogdanchikov (sp) speaks out against the use of military force in Yugoslavia.
    - British NATO soldiers get into a brawl with local young men in Prilep.
    - Serbian President Milan Milutinovic holds press conference in Paris.

    News in English
    - Milan Milutnovic holds press conference; representatives of Kosovo's national communities send letter to the coordinators of the talks.
    - Serbian government meets in Belgrade; reactions to Rambouillet talks.
    - OSCE verifiers leave Kosovo.
    - Statement by Russian mediator Boris Mayorski (sp).
    - [KLA] terrorists attack Yugoslav border guards and police patrol in the Kacanik region.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 19-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 29 min
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  604. News, March 20, 1999 /Dnevnik (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News- Serbian delegation offers autonomy to Kosovo in negotiations with Contact Group (Markovic statement): Albanians are "separatists and terrorists". - Parliament reaction to Rambouillet negotiations, parliament to meet. - Public reaction: Kosovo is ours, we are not afraid. 00:05.32 - Yugoslav Information Minister visits Kosovo and issues statement: occupation of Kosovo is unacceptable; comments on Kosovo media: certain Albanian newspapers have been fined for spreading dissent and encouraging terrorism. 00:07.22. - Govt. delegation reports to the government: Rambouillet agreement is a document without any legal basis, an international scandal; statements by individual delegation members. - Kureish states: there is no humanitarian catastrophe in Kosmet -- all a fabrication of Albanian terrorists and American administration. - Serbian Radical Party: American administration greatest initiator of terrorist activity. - Yugoslav Left Party: Kosovo: Kosovo and Metohija not just territory, a cradle of our culture, if we give up Kosovo and Metohija, Sandzak to follow. - OSCE verifiers leave Kosovo. - Situation in Kosovo peaceful. - Momir Bulatovic states, "we won't let NATO troops into our country." - Report from Dijon: pro-Yugoslav protests; "our people clearly show readiness to fight and defend themselves," signs read, "we are going to Kosovo". Report on foreign media coverage: -Russian daily Duma: outraged at NATO threats; French Liberation: the West needs to stop meddling; Italian Communist Party supports Yugoslavia; Makedonija Denes analyst supports Milosevic. 00:18.00 - Clinton holds press conference and talks only about Kosovo and Metohija, "stating a slew of untruths". (translate) - Political commentary on Clinton's statement. (translate) Report on foreign media coverage: -Belgian media News in English - Milutinovic comments on meeting in Paris: "we are always for equality and peace". - President of Serbian National Assembly sets meeting to discuss Rambouillet talks. 00:21.47 - OSCE verifiers leave Kosovo. - Albanian terrorists open fire on police station in Luzane. 00:26.00 END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 20-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 26 min
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    News, March 21, 1999/Dnevnik (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Serbian Information Minister Vucic holds press conference on problems in South Serbian province: Republic of Serbia will defend itself in case of attack or occupation, stresses importance of unity, reacts strongly to concentration of security forces in Kosovo -- tells reporter she could not have seen it, calls CNN reporters liars.
    - Milovan Drecin reports from Kosovo: Yugoslav army General Pavkovic inspects troops on Macedonian border, footage of Yugoslav army troops and artillery, Pavkovic comments on possible NATO invasion, on army readiness, Pavkovic talks to border soldiers. (translate)
    00:31.04
    - Public reaction to Western Alliance threat.
    00:32.43
    - Report on meeting of Macedonian community in Jabuka: messages are "All for one, one for all" and "Long live Slobodan Milosevic".
    - Socialist Party of Serbia holds press conference: NATO threat, support for Milosevic and his policies for saving national identity.
    - Serbian Radical Party statement on NATO threat: a proof of American administration`s political breakdown; Walker misused his welcome and helped terrorists massacre Serbian children.
    - Socialist National Party of Montenegro meets in Berane and supports Serbian and Yugoslav government, NATO threats condemned; Bulatovic voices support for Yugoslav government.
    00:37.30
    - Report on pro-Yugoslav protest in Paris: "We won't give up Kosovo"; support for Serbian delegation at talks and for Slobodan Milosevic; readiness to defend Kosovo by all means. (translate)
    00:41.58
    - Pro-Yugoslav and anti-NATO protests in Australia.
    Report on foreign media coverage:
    -Germany: Well*** Sontag criticizes the US; Italian Communist Party supports Yugoslavia at meeting in Rimini, Fetinolli states American imperialism should be fought against; Great Britain: the Times states Serbia is not endangering any other country, the Independence warns conflict might spread if NATO attacks; Macedonia: Yugoslav ambassador to Skopje visits Macedonia's Ministry of Exterior and is handed letter protesting the alleged incident on Yugoslav-Macedonian border -- Yugoslav ambassador terms protest unsubstantiated.
    - Albanian terrorists opened fire on police vehicles on Pristina-Podujevo road.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 21-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 23 min
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  605. News, March 21, 1999 (news)
    Milosevic meets with Serbian delegation to Rambouillet, Milutinovic, and Foreign Minister Jovanovic, and supports their decisions stating that the organizers should take greatest responsibility for failure of real debate (cited). - Robin Cook and Hubert Vedrin's message to Serbian delegation: accept agreement. - Milosevic appears on TV and responds to Cook's and Vedrin's statement: the Rambouillet agreement is not the real Rambouillet agreement, what you call the agreement has been published in an Albanian paper on Kosovo before talks began, as far as NATO threats are concerned, you should be ashamed, you have no right to threaten another country. (translated) - (00:51.52) Milutin Milutinovic states for French La Croix: Serbia and Yugoslavia for peace, but will defend themselves if need be - no agreement was rejected, because there was no agreement to begin with. - Report on Greek media: Milutinovic warns of danger that NATO might start meddling in other countries besides Serbia. - Serbian delegation meets in Belgrade and reports on its activities in Rambouillet and Paris to Serbian government. - Jovanovic and Markovic meet with representatives of foreign governments in Belgrade. Markovic: invitation to talks was accepted, but there were no real talks because there was no discussion - there is a false assumption that there had been an agreement. Jovanovic: Serbian agreement is a true reflection of wish for ethnic equality on Kosovo, individual countries have no right to make threats or put pressure on Yugoslavia; Jovanovic informs foreign govt. representatives of numerous terrorist attacks. - Report on Jovanovic's CNN interview-comments on NATO threats. (CNN interview footage, only Jovanovic shown, no mention of refugees). 01:02.00 - (01:02.00) The Yugoslav army Headquarters issues statement on Yugoslavia's readiness to defend itself: the Intelligence Service of the Army Headquarters reports on threat of military intervention and existence of10-20,000 NATO soldiers in Macedonia; the foreign media wrongfully speculates on inappropriate use of force by Yugoslav forces and is fabricating a skewed picture of the so-called humanitarian crisis and civilian victims. - (01:04.32) Footage of Svrljig protests "For Serbia". - Public opinion on NATO threats. - Albanian terrorists shoot at police station in Malisevo - no policemen hurt. - Serbian Radical Party: demands merciless and aggressive action against Albanian terrorist gangs who kill Serbian police and soldiers. - The Yugoslav United Left party: condemns NATO threats and supports Milosevic, the greatest national goal should be Kosovo's defense. Report on foreign media coverage: - Moscow: Primakov states Russia against threats of military intervention, Contact Group should be instrument of political solution. Duma's president: NATO attack on Yugoslavia is undermining UN's Security Council's authority. Russian foreign minister states talks are the only way of finding a peaceful solution for Kosovo. - The Belarus Communist Party appeals to people around the world to protest against NATO threats to Yugoslavia. - Vietnam believes Kosovo is Yugoslavia's internal problem. - Jimmy Carter is against NATO air strikes. 01:11.58 - Report from US Congress: Senator Nichols against NATO air strikes. - Slovak government warns military intervention won't solve anything. -Most influential Chinese daily: no sovereign country could have accepted Paris agreement; Peking Youth Magazine blames Americans for Paris agreement talks failure; the British press questions military intervention; Bulgarian press, Portuguese press condemn NATO. - Macedonian foreign minister states territory of Macedonia won't be used for attacks on Yugoslavia. 01:14.55 Special Program: Top Stories - Theme of the Day: Zivadin Jovanovic and Ratko Markovic with Foreign Diplomats - Jovanovic and Markovic report to foreign diplomats on Paris talks; (speeches transmitted in entirety, mostly about putting blame for failure of Serbian side to sign on the bad organization of the talks); Brian Donnelly, Great Britain's Ambassador, states Markovic's speech does not reflect true nature of events as they happened in Paris, Donnelly is interrupted by Jovanovic. Donnelly continues to say agreement a compromise, and guarantees Yugoslavia's sovereignty -- British govt. thinks agreement fair, and is sorry Yugoslav delegation did not give its approval. 01:48.42 END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 22-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 60 min
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    News, March 22, 1999 (news)
    01:49.01 - Special program: Top Stories -- Theme of the Day: Zivadin Jovanovic and Ratko Markovic with Foreign Diplomats, ctd.
    - Brian Donnelly, Great Britain's Ambassador: Great Britain wants to see a clear sygnal from Yugoslavia that it is ready to join in negotiations.
    - Markovic: two negotiating sides were unequal -- one a legitimate country, another terrorists. No compromise could be made because sovereignty was endangered; Jovanovic: the agreement drawn up by Serbian delegation really is the only legitimate agreement. Pressures and threats cannot change Serbia's policy.
    (02:04.25) Serbian Television Evening News
    - Albanian terrorists killed a policemand during a rocket attack on a police convoy.
    - Albanian terrorists threw a bomb on a cafe in Pristina, the police has blocked a part of the city.
    - Milosevic meets with British, French and American ambassadors -- will not give up on Serbia's policy, the faked negotiations need to be put behind us.
    News in English
    - Milosevic responds to Cook's and Vedrin's statement: the Rambouillet agreement is not the Rambouillet agreement, what you call the agreement has been published in an Albanian paper on Kosovo before talks even began -- as far as NATO threats are concerned, you should be ashamed, you have no right to threathen another country. (see previous tape)
    - Milosevic meets with Holbrooke -- will not give up on Serbia's policy, the faked negotiations need to be put behind us.
    - Milutin Milutinovic states in interview given to French La Croix : Serbia and Yugoslavia are for peace, but will defend themselves if need be -- no agreement was rejected, because there had been no agreement.
    - Milutinovic and Jovanovic meet with foreign ambassadors in Belgrade.
    - The Army Headquarters issues statement: Yugoslavia is ready to defend itself, the foreign media wrongfully speculates on inappropriate use of force by Yugoslav forces and is fabricating a skewed picture of the so-called humanitarian crisis and civilian victims.
    02:12.11
    - Albanian terrorists attack a police station in Malisevo.
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Milosevic appoints General Geza Farkes as the Yugoslav Army Headquarters Head of Security.
    - Serbian Parliament representatives unanimously vote against presence of foreign troops in Kosovo.
    - Milutinovic talks to Serbian Parliament: the delegation did all it could under given circumstances and was put under enormous pressure -- agreement was not the goal -- only troops, troops, and nothing but troops. Tempting offers were made under condition troops were accepted. This would have meant a new verification mission, and there would have been no more Serbia. Holbrooke can not give a reason for airstrikes. "We are the moral victors of the battle we have led so far."
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) English language, Serbian; 22-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 38 min
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  606. News, March 23, 1999 (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News - 02:23.53 Markovic reports to Serbian Parliament on Rambouillet: a great hoax directed by the USA is under way. Other delegation members speak: the agreement signed at Rambouillet is a terrorist and separatist document. 02:27.00 - Representatives of various Yugoslav political parties comment on situation in Kosovo: the Western powers are openly on the side of Albanian terrorists and separatists; NATO machinery has fascist strategy of new world order -- the world must know air strikes can only make the situation in Kosovo more difficult; Hungarians from Vojvodina against air strikes and Kosovo's separation -- Serbia must be united at one of the most difficult times in its history. 02:35.00 NOT FINISHED
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 23-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 57 min
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    News, March 24, 1999 (news)
    03:11:10
    Serbian Television Evening News
    - Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic addresses the nation in the wake of the NATO bombing; translation available.
    - Milosevic talks with Russia Prime Minister Evgeny Primakov.
    - Russian President Boris Yeltsin asks the international public to stop Clinton.
    - Government of Serbia asks all governmental agencies to put themselves to the public
    - Yugoslav army Lieutenant General Nebojsa Pavkovic and Major General Vladimir Lazarevic: Yugoslav army has duty to protect country from attacks by [NATO] aggressors and terrorists.
    - Russian Defense Ministry in state of alert for possible bombing of Yugoslavia; Byelorussian President: NATO attack on Yugoslavia a sign of aggression.
    - Moscow Patriarch Aleksej II appeals for peace.
    - China asked NATO to reverse decision over military attacks against Yugoslavia.
    - Kissinger and Oven: any bombing of Yugoslavia is a declaration of war on a sovereign country, Kissinger: Rambouillet agreement recipe for permanent confrontation.
    - European Soccer Union postponed the Croatia-Yugoslavia and Macedonia-Yugoslavia soccer matches.
    - (03:18:04) Milosevic talks with Primakov. Primakov: Russia gives support (cited); Milosevic: Yugoslavia for peace and equality for all ethnic communities, as well as an autonomy respective of Yugoslavia's sovereignty (cited).
    - Russian President Boris Yeltsin outlines points discussed with French Presdient Jacques Chirac and President Bill Clinton regarding the upcoming bombing of Kosovo: the bombing is a strike against the international community, calling on all citizens who survived [WWII] directly or indirectly to persuade Clinton to prevent the bombign, European security comes into question, unreasonable to [begin bombing] without the approval of the UN Security Council, for negotiations with Milosevic (translated, subtitles).
    - (03:22:18) Report on Serbian government announcement in response to the immediate threat of war: public agencies and companies are expected put themselves into a state of readiness for the defense of the people are country; the government guarantees the supply of food; the media are responsible for contributing to the strengthening of patriotism and the defense of the country; health care providers and pharmacies are expected to provide the necessary care and medication; every organization and citizen are responsible to carry out duties in accordance with a state of immediate threat of war (cited).
    - Yugoslav Defense Minister Pavle Bulatovic announcement in regard to the state of immediate threat of war: it is expected the aim will be on military and police targets; this is another way that NATO and the US want to defend terrorists on Kosovo and Metohija; [by bombing us, the US and NATO] want to prevent a political solution; Yugoslav army and Serbian police forces have been scattered around the country to prevent potential losses; civilians and civilian objects are not expected to be targeted; forces must be answered with force, if necessary.
    - (03:25:08) Yugoslav 3rd Army chief General Nebojsa Pavkovic interview: NATO attacks are real and unprovoked; 3rd Army soldiers' duty is to defend the country, to settle accounts with ©iptar terrorists, and to prevent entrance of NATO forces into Kosovo and Metohija; YA units are closing all roads leading into Kosovo and Metohija and Serbia; if any of the attacks come from neighboring countries we will consider them enemies (?)--Pristina Corps General Vladimir Lazarevic: the Pristina corps are successfully guarding border posts and defending military and strategic objects; [they] are ready to close all posts leading to neighboring countries; the army is ready to settle accounts with ©iptar terrorists and to defend the fatherland.
    - ( 03:28:44) Report on Dragan Tomic receiving group of Russian students who protested in the Russian Duma against the military threats of certain international community members, and the endangerment of the integrity, independence, and territorial intactness of Yugoslavia.
    - Russian Patriarch Aleksei II: the bombing of Kosovo will expand the conflict, create possible civilian deaths, the destruction of Serbian churches; the Patriarch asks NATO leaders to reverse their decision, WWI began in the Balkans, use of violence leads to more violence, Russian Church supports Serbian Orthodox Church which asked for a diplomatic solution (translated, VO).
    - Report from Moscow, Russia: Yeltsin spoke to French President Jacques Chirac: Yeltsin urged Chirac to work on lessening the tensions over Kosovo, Yeltsin warned of dangerous consequences stemming from [NATO] decision [to bomb Yugoslavia]. Primakov holds emergency government session to discuss Russia's response to NATO's decision to use force against Yugoslavia. Russian Foreign Affairs Minister Igor Ivanov: every effort should be make to renew the diplomatic process; provocations by Albanian separatists and terrorists, used to incite NATO to act, should be prevented; the military leadership is considering ceasing the "Partnership For Peace," giving military aid [to Yugoslavia], and readying nuclear weapons in Byelorussia. Russian deputies unanimously denounce NATO's decision to bomb Yugoslavia: the deputies ask for the removal of weapons-exporting sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia, for sending military aid, and closer cooperation with Belgrade (all cited)
    - (03:35:10) From Moscow, Russia: President of Russian Federation Council Yegor Stroev (sp.) and Russian Duma President Genady Seleznov (sp.) condemn NATO's decision to begin military operations against Yugoslavia; Seleznov (sp.): hopes reason will prevail and [NATO] will not begin a new European war; thinking about aggression is very shortsighted; Russia will supply Yugoslavia with weapons and the Duma will insist on breaking relations with NATO in case of a military attack (cited).
    - Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma (sp.) disapproves of NATO air attacks against Yugoslavia, wants continuation of political negotiations (cited).
    - Byelorussia President Aleksandar Lukashenko (sp.) denounces NATO decision to bomb; agrees with Russia's opposition to any military action; attack on a sovereign territory represent aggression (cited).
    - India opposed to NATO decision, crisis can be solved peacefully through UN Charter which states NATO cannot come to a decision without approval of the UN Security Council (cited).
    - Chinese ambassador to the UN, Chin Xua-Sun clarified that every military action would be a violation of the UN Charter.
    - Chinese Deputy Foreign Minister Jan Dgi-Edgi (sp.): China asked NATO to revoke their decision to militarily attack Yugoslavia right away, China oppose foreign interference into internal matters, opposes any action which circumvents the Security Council (cited).
    - French Interior Minister Jean Pierre Cheverman opposes the potential bombing; everything can be solved through peaceful talks (cited).
    - Labor Party member Alex Falconer: NATO air attacks on Yugoslavia would be an international war crime; shocked his Labor Party supports [the bombing] (cited).
    - Austria will prohibit NATO planes from using its airspace for potential attacks on Yugoslavia; Austrian Defense Minister Werner Fesslabend (sp.): Austrian government has no legal grounds for issuing air space permits to NATO, no UN mandate for NATO attacks (all cited).
    - (03:38:05) Henry Kissinger criticizes US decision to bomb Yugoslavia: bombing Yugoslavia for not accepting the [Rambouillet] agreement creates grounds for permanent confrontations; US cannot be world policeman; US military actions have to be clearly justified; is US ready to create US or NATO protectorates in the Balkans? (cited).
    - Lord David Owen during SKY News interview: every attack on Yugoslavia means a declaration of war, those who order such actions are unaware of the consequences (cited).
    - The Washington Post: what is the US trying to achieve with such a policy?, growing skepticism in Germany and Italy [over NATO policy towards Yugoslavia];
    - Anger among citizens of Russia, Byelorussia, and other Independent States members towards NATO policy is growing; thousands of Russians ready to voluntarily defend Serbia and Yugoslavia.
    - The Hungarian Worker's Party calls for all forms of aggression against Yugoslavia to stop; NATO is starting a war to destroy Yugoslavia (cited).
    - Head of the Russia/Byelorussia Federation Parliament, Aleksandar Rudakov: Yugoslavia should become member of the Federation; this would [create grounds] for Russia and Byelorussia to help each other out militarily in its fight against American imperialists (cited).
    - (03:41:05) Report from Athens, Greece: protests against military threats directed at Serbia and Yugoslavia and the increasing aggressive presence of NATO and US forces in the Balkans.
    - Special Program "TV Dossier" about Carlos Westendorp. The program analyzes Westendorp's mission and responsibilities over the Bosnian Federation.
    - Yugoslav Army Headquarters Information Service announces the first bombs fall on Yugoslav territory.
    - Special Program "TV Dossier" about Felipe Gonzales. Program analyzes his rise to power and relationship with the former Yugoslavia.
    - Special Program "General Walker's Mission" outlines the history of Walker's OSCE mission in Kosovo. Included is interview with Danica Marinkovic Pristina's pre-trial judge. Walker ended work with UN in Slavonija and Baranja before coming to Kosovo; his mission contributed to Serbs leaving Kosovo in massive numbers; Yugoslav government expelled him after creating media spectacle of Racak incident; Walker turns his eye to victims of KLA, but is adamant about exposing victims of Serbian police; Walker promotes desires of US and multinational corporations; end of OSCE mission put a dent in Walker's plans. (TRANSLATED)

    Serbian Television Evening News
    -(04:03:03) Listed are the areas attacked by NATO; UN Security Council to hold meeting upon request by Russia; Kofi Annan to hold press conference before Security Council meeting; NATO criminals can create material destruction, but they cannot defeat us.
    - Milovan Drecun report on the bombing of the Pristina corps; bombing conducted by 24 NATO planes who entered from Albania; fires were lit in Albania to confirm to the pilots that they entered Kosovo.
    - Phone report same as previous one.
    - Report from Novi Sad: three missiles destroyed the Police training facilities in Klisa suburb; no victims, but extensive infrastructure damage; no panic among Novi Sad residents.
    - Report from Pancevo: two missiles fell in the area of the city; three missiles hit "Lola Utva" plant.
    - Targets in Montenegro were hit; UN Security Council to hold meeting regarding the aggression of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; Kofi Annan to hold press conference in New York; Russian ambassador to UN, Sergei Lavrov (sp.): the Security Council must respond to [NATO's] use of force (cited).
    - Report from Moscow: Russian President Boris Yeltsin: bombing of Yugoslavia represents open aggression, NATO violates all rules of international law; Russia to take measures for the protection of Russia's and European security; announced the withdrawal from the "Partnership for Peace" (cited); Marshal Sergev (sp.) calls emergency meeting with chiefs of Russian army.
    - (04:10:06) Announcer: Center for Information and Alarm: state of air-raid danger is still on.
    Producer: Serbian TV (RTS) Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 24-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 60 min
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  607. News, March 24, 1999 (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News 04:10.28 - Public announcement: instructions for following danger signals (air raid, biological-chemical warfare, fire). - News on NATO attacks: Federal Government President Momir Bulatovic issues statement; Yugoslav army Headquarters reports on NATO attacks (see 784); Information Ministry condemns NATO attacks -- the US has neo-Nazi policies - Reports of NATO attacks on Pancevo and Kraljevo. - News of NATO attacks on Montenegro. - Russia sets up Security Council meeting (see 784). - Kofi Anaan holds press conference in New York and shows confusion. 04:19.14 - Bill Clinton appears on American television and lists reasons for air strikes. - Yugoslav Ambassador to UN, Jovanovic, holds press conference in New York. - China against use of force against Yugoslavia. - Iraq condemnds NATO attacks. - The Mexican government criticizes NATO. - Protest against NATO aggression in Paris. - Serbian Ministry of the Interior reports country in good shape. - Federal Information Center announces air raid danger signal still valid. - Yugoslav army Commander reports on NATO attacks on Kosovo, KLA attacks intensify. - Report on terrorists on Macedonian border, terrorists in downtown Pristina shot at Serbian Television crew. 04:24.53 - Vojvodina government condemns NATO attacks as well as strikes of Vojvodina towns. - NATO attack on Kraljevo. - Yugoslav army Headquarters reports on NATO attacks in past three hours (40 objects, 5 airports, etc. have been hit), losses are minimal, morale high, two enemy airplanes taken down. - No losses during NATO attack on Belgrade, air raid signal in Belgrade. - UN Security Council meets. - Yugoslav Ambassador to UN, Jovanovic, holds press conference in New York. - Austrian political institute: NATO air strikes counterproductive. - Interview with Yugoslav army General Pavkovic, who reports on NATO attacks on Kosovo, civilian objects hit, civilian losses. 04:30.13 - Explosions heard in Belgrade. - NATO hits shed in Kragujevac. - Belgrade: public opinion on NATO air strikes. - Report on NATO attack on Kraljevo. - NATO attack on Montenegro, Golubovci airport hit, army barrack in Danilovgrad hit. - Two professional soldiers hurt in NATO attack on Herceg Novi. 04:33.20 German Television (unrelated to Serbian Television) - Discussion in German Parliament. (in German) 04:41.57 Serbian Television Evening News - Serbian peasants comment on NATO attacks: civilian homes destroyed. - Serb Kosovo government condemns the criminal fascist NATO aggression. - Yugoslav army Headquarters announces ©iptar terrorists intensified attacks just as NATO began air strikes. - Report from Prizren and Pec districts: terrorists attacked several buildings, citizens are not showing signs of panic. - Serbian Orthodox Church appeals to the international community to stop air strikes. - All Yugoslav airports closed because of danger of NATO attacks. - Ministry of Education announces all elementary and high school students in Serbia to go on spring break today and not return to schools until April 2. All university faculties and higher education institutions also to go on spring break in same period: the decision made because country has been attacked. - The Bulgarian left leaves parliament session in support of Serbia. - Italian parliamentary representatives ask UN to intervene and stop NATO attacks. - India condemns NATO action. - NATO Commanders in Brussels lie, manipulate, and hoax public to justify attacks (translate). - Greek Ambassador to Yugoslavia expresses deep regret for NATO attacks on Yugoslavia. - Three captains of the Soccer Association of Yugoslavia ask all Yugoslav sportsmen not to participate in any matches while aggression underway; Serbian soccer players who live outside the country comment on situation. 04:52.20 - Larry King interviews basketball player Vlade Divac on his opinion on the airstrikes: American people are misled, NATO is wrong and supports KLA, Kosmet is soul of Serbia. (VO, translation) 04:56.34 - Air strike danger in Belgrade and Nis. - Federal leadership reviews aggressors' actions so far, further measures decided on. - President Milosevic commends various Yugoslav army units for successful defense of country. - Federal government declares state of war in country, breaks off diplomatic relations with the US, England (sic), France, and Germany. - Ministry of Information banishes reporters from countries whose territory was used for NATO aggression: the reporters encouraged NATO attacks and misinformed the international public about the actual situation in Yugoslavia. - Federal Minister Jovanovic meets Russian Federation ambassador Kotov who in message from Yeltsin expresses denouncement of NATO. - Yugoslav army Headquarters Information Service announces several massive NATO air strikes hit military targets throughout the country, 10 Yugoslav army soldiers killed, 38 wounded, and 1 disappeared, while 2 enemy airplanes and several missiles were brought down. - Federal Ministry of Defense is taking all measures to defend country, praises soldiers and civilians, volunteers thanked for patriotism. - Yugoslav army Headquarters Information Service announces civilians are massively reporting for voluntary military duty. 05:03.07 - Milovan Drecun reports on NATO forces' arrival to Macedonian airport Petrovac on Serbian-Macedonian border -- NATO plans to use its forces to cause border incidents as an excuse for entering the country; local Macedonian populace against NATO forces, stoning them. Report on NATO missile hitting Serb civilian house and village - Serbian woman interviewed. Radio locator found at OSCE station was left by verifiers who undertook illegal espionage activities and prepared the ground for NATO attack: Yugoslav army General interviewed, NATO wants to commit genocide against Serbian people, Serbian people genetically have military capabilities, Yugoslav army doing everything to defeat Albanian terrorist forces and stop NATO from coming to Kosovo. (translate) 05:11.10 END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 24-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA785
    News, March 25, 1999 (news)
    Serbian Television News
    - Announcer comments on NATO air strikes.
    - Report from Pristina and NATO attack on Gracanica monastery: Serbian peasants interviewed: Clinton wants to take over the world just like Hitler had before him; Siptar terrorists open fire on Serbian houses.
    - Richard Holbrooke had seen Gracanica, upon his return sent projectiles to destroy pearl of Serbian culture.
    - Report on NATO attack on Serbian police Training Center in Novi Sad, Vojvodina.
    - NATO air strikes on Katrga village destroyed civilian houses, Serbian peasants interviewed: a new Hitler has appeared.
    - Tony Blair states there were no civilian victims in Yugoslavia, saying television shots are produced by Serbian television (cited).
    - Siptar terrorists, coordinated with NATO air strikes, have begun a thorough attack on Yugoslav army and Serbian police forces in Kosovo and Metohija.
    - Report from Prizren and Pec district: Siptar terrorists burn and shoot at buildings in order to scare populace, there is no panic, the city is well supplied.
    05:18.32
    - Temporary Executive Council of Kosovo and Metohija denounces the brutal, fascist, bandit, and unprovoked NATO aggression on the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the goal of which is to overtake the province and turn it over to the terrorists. (translate)
    - Report from Federal Government meeting: diplomatic relations with US, British, French, and German governments broken off; the Federal Government will reexamine its relations with countries helping the aggression; no expense to be spared for defense of country - taxes raised.
    - Air strike danger in Belgrade and Pristina.
    - Two Serbian policemen killed by Siptar terrorists in Pristina.
    - Yugoslav Red Cross delivers 130 tons of humanitarian aid to various Kosovo districts.
    - Federal Ministry of Justice describes NATO attack as the grimmest and most dishonorable event since WW2, as well as a show of disrespect for the UN Charter and International law, NATO protects terrorists. (translate)
    05:23.45
    - Belgrade public reaction to NATO air strikes and feelings for Yugoslav army. (translate)
    - Federal Government holds press conference Serbia's Vice President, Dragan Tomic: most important that citizens continue going to their workplace and defend the economical sovereignty of the country, there is enough food, at the first appearance of black marketeering there will be measures.
    - Yugoslav ambassadors throughout the world demand a stop to NATO air strikes.
    - Report from Moscow: Yeltsin terms NATO attacks a great mistake perpetrated by Americans and Clinton (subtitles, translated); Russian Foreign Minister Ivanov meets with Yeltsin; Duma calls emergency session to discuss NATO attacks on Yugoslavia; Russian Military states it is still not late to stop strikes; Russian citizens and Yugoslavs who work in Russia protest against strikes in front of American Embassy in Moscow -- American Embassy hit with paint and eggs; Comsomol Youth representatives meet with Yugoslav ambassador to Russia; political parties throughout Russia are organizing volunteers; German consulate set on fire in Novosibirsk -- a short message left: "For Serbia".
    05:31.30
    - Report from Beijing: Chinese president warns use of force complicates matters in Kosovo, demands immediate stop to NATO air strikes; Chinese Minister of Defense demands stop to NATO aggression.
    - India denounces NATO's action.
    - Commanders of NATO in Brussels are giving contradictory statements about the goals and results of the cowardly action, Javier Solana lies -- nothing else can be expected from this garden variety American pawn and an all around wretch of a human being. (translate -- this also on 785)
    Report on foreign media coverage:
    - Portuguese daily "Diario de Noticias" calls Solana a one-time demonstrator against American imperialism and now an American pawn; protests against NATO in front of American embassy Skopje, Macedonia -- Macedonians call NATO and foreign reporters murderers and liars, protesters say CNN cannot lie to Macedonians, American flag burned; Libyan president denounces NATO attacks and appeals to Nelson Mandela; Paris: several politicians speak against NATO air strikes, French media against attacks; Italy: ruling parties sign petition to UN to put a stop to NATO attacks, Italian Foreign Minister demands new action for political solution to Kosmet problem; London: British citizens accuse Blair's government of shameful support of Albanian terrorists in their letters to the press, the Parliament not united in the decision to attack, Serbian Unity Congress in Europe states Blaire, Cooke, and Robertson are war criminals; Algerian Foreign Ministry against NATO attacks on Yugoslavia; South African Foreign Ministry denounces NATO attacks; Byelorussia might use nuclear weapons; Frankfurt, Germany: Yugoslavs in Germany support Milosevic, Gregor Gisi (sp), a political party president, and other politicians denounce German policy; Bonn: OSCE's Wiemer denounces NATO attacks and accuses Washington and London politicians of hypocrisy; Belgian university professors denounce NATO aggression; Paris: Peter Handke, Austrian writer, calls the entire globe Yugoslavia, uses Mars-Earth metaphor to show his support for Serbia. (all cited)
    05:42.51
    - Announcer reports country has never been as politically united as it is now: reports and speeches from various protest meetings around Serbia. (translate, much inflammatory speech against NATO and Clinton, support for Milosevic)
    05:46.28
    - Report from Serbian Socialist Party press conference: denouncement of NATO attacks, praise for citizens' patriotism.
    - Serbian Radical Party press conference: Vojislav Seselj states Serbia will win because Serbs are more united than ever, thanks the Yugoslav army for defense of country, a war crimes court will have to be established to try Javier Solana and other NATO leaders, citizens asked to volunteer for the army.
    - Yugoslav Left Party has Italian Communist Party support.
    - Vuk Draskovic holds press conference: we will not accept blackmail, truth is on Serbia's and Yugoslavia's side (cited), nation is united, soon there will be reaction from Russia, public opinion will turn in NATO member countries. (translate)
    - Bosnia and Herzegovina Council President Zivko Ratisic denounces NATO aggression.
    - Youth in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, protest against the NATO aggression.
    - Council of Independent Unions of Yugoslavia and Serbia demands other Unions throughout the world to put a stop to the aggression on Yugoslavia.
    - The Belgrade Patriotic Council denounces with disgust the barbarous aggression on Yugoslavia and supports heroic fight of Yugoslav army and Serbian police.
    05:55.55
    - Serbian patriotic song: "We love you, our homeland." (footage of Yugoslav army, airforce, and navy)
    -Belgrade Muslim religious official denounces NATO attacks and pleads for end of attacks, in order to help Albanian brethren and stop sending them in front of gun barrels, Americans are not friends to Muslims. (translate - very strange speech!)
    - Economic Council of Yugoslavia holds press conference: smuggling and inflation must not be allowed, there is no fear for the economy if everyone keeps working.
    - Ministry of Education announces elementary and secondary schools will go on temporary break.
    - The 38th international car expo will take place in Belgrade.
    - Moscow: Yugoslav Tourism delegation will remain in Moscow for the Tourism expo because of great love for the Russian people.
    06:00.19
    - Minister Cerovic holds press conference in Moscow: a sovereign and independent people is being in front of a fire squadron and raped (cited) (translate).
    - Yugoslav Charge D'Affaires, Vladislav Jovanovic, speaks to CNN on strikes against Yugoslavia: Yugoslavia subjected to brutal aggression, perpetrators are responsible for deterioration of situation in the region, Yugoslavia has never been opposed to any peace process (CNN, untranslated). (unclear whether this is part of Serbian Television programming or mistakenly recorded CNN program)
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 25-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA786

  608. News, March 25, 1999 (news)
    06:08.00 - Serbian television news: Report from Pristina: air strikes continue on Kosovo, one NATO airplane taken down, mostly military and police objects, but also television, post office, and radio stations attacked, airplanes arrive from Bulgaria, Macedonia, and Albania, losses are minimal, 100 projectiles fired. - Report from Kraljevo: NATO attacks continue, anti-air defense shot down missiles, no panic within populace. - Nis attacked for first time since strikes began, two army barracks hit. - NATO attack on Podgorica, Montenegro: strike of airport, Podgorica in darkness. - Prizren army barrack hit with 3 projectiles. - TANJUG reports explosions and fire rounds in Kosovska Mitrovica. - Projectiles fell on Leskovac. - NATO projectiles fell on Bukulje: post office, telecommunications center, anti-hail center and radio station antenna destroyed. - Serbian public reaction to NATO attacks. (translate) 06:13.05 News in English - Report on UN Security Council Session: China, Russia, Brazil ask for stop to NATO aggression, Russian President Yeltsin terms NATO attacks grave American mistake. (cited) - German general against NATO strikes. (cited) - Macedonian Prime Minister states NATO never asked permission to use territory of Macedonia for attack on Yugoslavia. (cited) - Macedonia: anti-NATO protest in front of American Embassy. - Russian patriotic organization voices support for Yugoslavia and Serbia. 06:15.25 Serbian Television News - Reporter, while standing in front of destroyed civilian homes, compares Tony Blair with Goebbels; footage of destroyed Pristina downtown; buildings hit had housed Serbian refugees, why does the Hague Tribunal not react, NATO air force is committing crimes against civilian populace, terrorist Albanian gangs are amassing at the border, terrorists arrive to Macedonia daily -- NATO plans to smuggle them over the border, Yugoslav army ready to defend border (footage of Yugoslav army anti-tank weaponry). (translated) 06:19.24 - Report from Prizren: NATO shot at Prizren, after the NATO attack the KLA attacks intensified, the citizens are not in a state of panic, there are enough supplies. - Two Tomahawk rockets hit Nis hospital: footage, crime against humanity has been committed, two secondary schools in Nis were hit during air strikes. (translated) - Report from Leskovac after NATO air strikes: civilian houses hit, Serbian peasants interviewed, a high school was hit, its principal interviewed. (translated) 06:23.47 - Federal Minister of Education announces Western alliance aggression has so far damaged 30 schools throughout Yugoslavia -- greatest damage in Kosovo, Minister expressed hope Western leaders will be punished for such barbarous acts. - Report from Urosevac: army barrack and police barrack hit, Serbian police building destroyed, Yugoslav army cleaning up. - Nis: Serbian civilian hurt in NATO air strikes shown, his physician interviewed. - Twelve people required medical attention due to air strikes on Pristina -- both Serbs and Albanians were hurt, children were hurt as well. - Yugoslav army generals visit wounded soldiers in Montenegro. - Forest near Djakovica destroyed by NATO air strike, damage to civilian houses shown; industrial area near Rakovica damaged, elementary school damaged: Italian parliament members tour area and express sentiments against NATO air strikes. (translated) 06:30.00 - NATO airplanes strike Serbian Orthodox Monastery Gracanica: commentary by reporter, footage of May 1998 visit by Holbrooke and Gelberdt, footage of damaged facade. (translated) - Report from Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina: citizens of Republika Srpska and college and high school students protest against NATO air strikes in front of British and American consulates, another protest to take place in the evening. - Yugoslav army takes down NATO airplane on Republika Srpska territory. - Macedonians keep protesting in Skopje against NATO aggression on Yugoslavia, NATO troops guard foreign embassies. (translated) - Macedonians and Banat residents speak up for Yugoslavia and denounce NATO aggression: interview with Macedonian civilians. - Report on Javier Solana: protesters against NATO strikes in Spain have called Solana by his real name -- American garbage (cited). (translated) 06:37.35 - Report from Germany: Yugoslav and Serbian organizations and German unions that sympathize Yugoslavia protest against Clinton and NATO in Frankfurt -- a group of ©iptar scum attempted to clash with protesters; similar demonstrations held in Hamburg and to be held in Stuttgart; Yugoslav Ambassador Zoran Jerenic interviewed on German television. (translated) - Prague, Czech Republic: Yugoslav and Czech citizens express solidarity with Yugoslavia in front of its embassy in Prague -- Czech Patriotic Front and Czech and Moravian Communist Party denounce President Havel's silence. - Stockholm, Sweden: Yugoslavs living in Sweden hold protest meetings against NATO air strikes. - New Zealand: in protest march going from American to German Embassies in Wellington, Clinton and NATO compared to Adolf Hitler. - Toronto, Canada: anti-American protest held in front of US Embassy, embassy hit with Molotov cocktails which set inside of building on fire, two Canadian policemen hurt. 06:40.40 Report on foreign media coverage: - London Times publishes what is well known but kept quiet: Albanian terrorists financed by drug smuggling, the Times reporter wanders whether Albanian terrorism and separatism stem from the Mafia or the Mafia from terrorism and separatism, and what is NATO's function in the Kosovo problem; the article was kept in the drawer for a month before publishing; Serbian daily Politika editorial commenting on London Times article. (translate) 06:42.40 - Communist parties throughout the world denounce NATO air strikes on Yugoslavia: Balkan Communist Parties (Bulgarian, Rumanian, Greek, and Albanian) issue joint statement condemning the brutal NATO and American attack on Yugoslavia, NATO and Western leaders have for decades enflamed conflicts in the Balkans to further their own imperialist aims; New Bulgarian Communist Internationale demands immediate stop to aggression against Yugoslavia; Austrian Communist Party issues manifesto stating NATO instrument of American intervention; Italian Communists demand Italian government refuse usage of Italian territory for NATO attacks and work on peaceful solution; Greek Youth Communist Party organizes demonstrations and states murderous NATO troops want to mark new Yugoslav borders with blood of Yugoslav people. 06:44.50 - Report from Belgrade: Serbia's Independent Worker's Union states workers' unions throughout the world sympathize with Yugoslav workers and nations, telegraphs of support arrive from Greece, Byelorussia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Russia, Italy, France, and Cyprus. 06:45.32 END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV Serbo-Croatian language; 25-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 37 min
    BA787
    News, March 26, 1999 (news)
    Report from Athens, Greece: Greek Minister of Information holds press conference and demands return to political negotiations as only way to find peaceful solution for Kosovo; there are massive protests against the agression on Yugoslavia throughout Greece.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 26-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 35 min
    BA788
    News, March 27, 1999 (news)
    Serbian Television News
    - Novi Sad: Vojvodina Executive Council tours industrial zone damaged by NATO air strikes - losses total 25 million German Marks.
    - Nis citizens protest on main square just as air raid signals go on -- protest organized by Yugoslav Socialist Party, singers, actors, and writers present.
    - A NATO rocket hits Vrbas surroundings, political commentary by reporter disparaging NATO. (translated)
    - Report from Pristina: another aggressor airplane taken down, falls on Macedonian territory; TV crew records crimes against humanity; minimal losses to police and army - significant civilian objects losses; KLA leaflet signed by Ibrahim Rugoba instructs Albanian populace to amass on the Macedonian border, political commentary on Albanian terrorist ploy to use so-called refugees to hide terrorists breaking into Kosovo; NATO criminals planned to bomb Kosovo dam and destroy surrounding Serbian villages: bomb missed; Pristina in darkness awaiting another NATO air raid. (translated)
    00:06.58
    - Report from Belgrade bomb shelter: civilians interviewed, footage of children in shelter.
    - Report from ©abac bomb shelter: civilians interviewed.
    - Report from Zrenjanin bomb shelter: civilians interviewed.
    07:38.30 - Report from Smederevo bomb shelter: civilians interviewed.
    - Serbian Ministry for Defense of the Environment warns international public NATO air strikes may damage the environment: if hit, chemical industry could cause loss of lives and an ecological catastrophe.
    - Serbian Artists Association: Gracanica Monastery is not a military object and can in no way be a threat, cultural monuments have become a target of destructive projectiles.
    - The Yugoslav Red Cross: non-military objects were targeted during NATO attacks; international humanitarian law has been broken.
    - Serbian Medical Association: appeals to doctors throughout the world to ask the world "why?" -- were the medical buildings and schools in Nis and Leskovac military objects and so dangerous as to be targeted?
    - Serbian Radical Party: only goal of systematic bombardment total destruction of Serbian people and state, call Americans Wild West barbarians and Satanists. (translated)
    07:42.30
    - Serbian Left: Serbia in almost identical situation as 58 years ago when Adolf Hitler attacked. (translated)
    - Serbian Renewal Movement: UN Security Council has turned into a White House servant by refusing to denounce NATO attacks on Yugoslavia.
    - Montenegrin Socialist People's Party: civilians, women, children, hospitals, schools and cultural monuments hurt in the criminal NATO attacks on Yugoslavia -- message to Clinton the murderer: Kosovo is priceless to us and we are united.
    - People's Party of Kosovo consisting of Albanians loyal to Yugoslavia denounces the fascist NATO powers.
    07:44.24
    - A report on a British SKY News program on NATO air strikes, during which viewers put the British reporter in an uncomfortable situation: viewers attack CNN, SKY news and other Western stations of German-style propaganda and say NATO attacks wrong (VO, translation). (translated)
    07:48.25
    - Various reports from Moscow state Americans have sent the International Monetary Fund CEO to pay the Russian government to say it won't support Serbia anymore, a sum of 6 billion dollars was mentioned.
    - Duma passes resolution denouncing NATO attacks and supporting Yugoslavia -- Duma demands an immediate stop to attacks on Yugoslavia, support from other international parliaments, and bringing a case to the Hague because of war crimes committed by NATO during aggression.
    06:15.49 (CHANGE OF TIME CODE)
    - Russian military official Igor Sergeev states Russia will do everything in its power to stop air strikes against Yugoslavia.
    - Greek president expresses Greek solidarity with the Yugoslav nations.
    - The US has expressed dissatisfaction with Greek support of Yugoslavia: Madeleine Albright telephoned the Greek president and stated NATO should be united against Serbia, Greek president answered he was for a diplomatic solution.
    06:17.06
    - Bulgarian Parliament Vice President states for the Bulgarian daily Monitor that NATO was wrong in thinking strikes would bring disunity to Yugoslavia.
    - Rome: Italian Parliament passes resolution asking for end of NATO action for the first time in 50 years -- a Balkan conference should be set up instead of military action.
    - Indonesian government appeals that brutal use of force against Yugoslavia be stopped.
    - Chinese media express opinion NATO would never succeed in making Yugoslav nation bow down.
    - Leading Western countries did all in their power to stop OSCE from passing resolution against air strikes which was proposed by the Russian delegation.
    06:19.53
    - A BBC reporter denied there was any truth to the British Defense Minister's report on the Yugoslav army offensive against Albanians in Kosovo. (translated)
    - French military officials denied there was truth to NATO leaders that Yugoslav army forces are on the offensive against Albanian terrorist forces in Kosmet -- French officials state there is no proof to NATO's statement. (translated)
    - British analysts announce the British government and Tony Blair have not succeeded in having the public on their side; a great majority of Britain against NATO air strikes; Blair appeared on British television last night and lied. (translated)
    06:22.38
    Protests against NATO air strikes around the world:
    - Moscow: anti-American protest in front of American embassy.
    - Minsk: anti-American and anti-NATO protests, demand for having Russian nuclear weapons in Byelorussia once more.
    - Greece: pro-Yugoslav protests in Solin, Athens, Corfu; a small war was waged in front of US embassy in Athens when Greek students and 15,000 Athenian citizens clashed with police, tear gas was used, Athens city center was blocked off; Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis supports Yugoslavia as it is once more attacked by fascist forces.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 27-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 36 min
    BA789; copy on a separate Beta cassette

  609. News, March 27, 1999 (news)
    - Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov send letter to President Clinton: resolving Kosovo crisis is in vital interest of Macedonia; SDSM for end to [NATO] military action; Macedonian Foreign Minister reaffirmed need for peaceful solution to [Kosovo] crisis;
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 27-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA790

  610. News, March 28, 1999 (news)
    01:00:10 - Announcer: Pentagon confirms the downing of a F-117 fighter plane; [Yugoslav] experts disassembled the plane's most important systems for firing and controls before the plane burned down. - Report on downed F-117: Yugoslav air defense greatly damages the enemy's criminal air force; Tony Blair, a pathetic clone of Washington's confirmed murderer, their bloodthirsty generals, and American thrash Xavier Solana continue to hide these losses from their public; F-117 only one of the numerous planes shot down by Yugoslav air defense; interesting that Lockheed made plane in complete secrecy. Report on Foreign Media Coverage: - New York: CNN interrupts regular program to announce downing of F-117; recounts Brent Sadler's report given to CNN; cites Sadler as stating that there have been earlier NATO losses, but that this the first downed plane recorded on film/video; the F-117 downing shows the high capabilities Yugoslav aid defense. - Pentagon Spokesman Ken Bacon, in a very ill-disposed manner, confirms downing of F-117 in press conference; pilot safe at an Allied air base; Bacon added that NATO's aggressive actions will continue (cited). - London: London in shock over downing of F-117; major blow to NATO military; Yugoslav army to be remembered in history for downing most sophisticated plane; NATO will be forced to admit downing of other NATO planes; Italian and Dutch governments announce downing of a Canadian plane near the Macedonian border; one German plane was shot down near Cacak according to CNN research (cited). - Beijing: Chinese news agency Sin-Xua (sp.) announces downing of F-117, downing of most sophisticated, radar-evading plane shows high skill of Yugoslav air defense (cited). - France: all media announce downing of F-117 plane, RTS footage shows all markers of plane; Russia: F-117 pride of US air force, Russians tired of looking at footage of a downed Yugoslav MIG 29 (cited). CUT OFF. - (01: 39:55) One NATO missile falls near Konjusa village: three farmers detail the explosion. - NATO missiles fall on military air fields in Golubovci and Radovce, both near Podgorica in Montenegro, and the head of the Zeta river; State headquarters for emergency (Republicki Stab za uzbunjivanje) announced that cluster bombs also used in attack. - Announcer: Phase II of NATO bombing begins with downing of the F-117; this news has dominated all world news, thus shadowing all other crimes committed by the US and its allies in the aggression on Yugoslavia. - Report on downing of F-117 similar to first report at 01:02:10. - Domestic and foreign journalists visit the remains of the F-117 plane; [Yugoslav] experts disassembled the plane's most important systems for firing and controls. - From Bonn, Germany BEGINNING CUT OFF: certain Green Party members and mothers of soldiers stationed in Germany call for the cessation of NATO aggression on Yugoslavia. FOREIGN MEDIA COVERAGE: - London media still shocked by F-117 downing, British government attempts to put press and media under control; French media reports on F-117 downing; Greek media: F-117 downing major blow to US and NATO forces, inspires Yugoslav defenders in fight against more powerful aggressor; Rome: plane not completely invisible, images of burning plane dominate Italian media (all cited). - (01:47:52) Yugoslav air defense shot down another NATO plane near Sapne (a Serbia/Bosnia border crossing); the plane crashed in Teocak municipality; SFOR working to find the pilot; NATO helicopter disappears near Krstac village during pilot search-and-rescue mission, 12 commandos died in helicopter crash; Bosnia and Hercegovina air space used to attack Yugoslavia. - Report from Nis bomb shelter: civilians interviewed. - Report from Belgrade shelter: civilians interviewed. - "Zastava" car factory workers position themselves as human shields against neo-nazism which escalated to aggression on a sovereign country; shown is night between March 27 and 28, 1999: factory workers interviewed. - Concert "With Culture and Love against Crime" held at the National Museum (Mira Markovic present); a similar concert was held in Stalingrad while fascist aggressors were surrounding the city during WWII; speech by conductor Aleksandar Pavlovic. - Yugoslav government decides to use all financial and material resources towards defending the country; government passed laws referring to the Yugoslav National Bank in accordance with war-time conditions. - (02:00:00) Announcer: Moscow residents shoot from various weapons at the US embassy in Moscow in protest of US's and NATO's criminal policies towards freedom-loving Yugoslavia; US embassy in Moscow has experienced protests where Russian's are asking their government to help the Serbs. - An unidentified gunman attempted to launch a grenade at the US embassy in Moscow; after the failed attempt, he shot a the building from a machine gun leaving bullet holes in the embassy walls. - Announcer: CNN, the aggressor's propaganda machine, broadcast an edited statement by Yugoslav Colonel Milivoje Novkovic, head of the Yugoslav army Headquarters Information Services, explaining that RTS left out parts of the statement which did not agree with Yugoslav policy -- Novkovic: air attacks came from Albanian, Croatian, and Hungarian air space; aggression began with cruise missiles fired from US's Sixth Fleet ships stationed in the Adriatic and Ionic sea -- all RTS left out were direct English translations. - Announcer: Yugoslav diplomatic representatives receive numerous letters of support, calling for immediate cessation of [NATO] bombing. - Madrid, Spain: protests in front of the US embassy in support of the Yugoslav people and against NATO bombing; present were several Yugoslav athletes. - Bonn, Germany: anti-bombing protests in center of city. - Paris, France: anti-bombing protests. - Vienna, Austria: protests in front of OSCE headquarters. - Russia: anti-NATO protests in front of US consulates held in Vladivostok (sp.), St. Petersburg, Tiumen (sp.), Novosibirsk, and Tula (sp.). - Vicenca, Italy: anti-bombing protests in front of NATO base in Vicenca and Aviano. - Sydney, Australia: protests in front of US embassy against NATO bombing. - New York, US: anti-bombing protests. Report on reactions among diplomats: - Announcer: Jacques Chirac talks to Evgeny Primakov; Primakov: NATO's barbaric bombing must stop immediately (cited). - Moscow: Genady Zhuganov (sp.): attack on Yugoslavia a lesson for Russia, condemns US and NATO aggression as war for extermination of a people (cited). - New Delhi: Indian Prime Minister Atal Beharivachpay (sp.) calls for cessation of NATO air attacks; Kosovo crisis should the solved by UN, Kosovo crisis cannot be example for Kashmir (cited). - Moscow: Russian Orthodox Patriarch Aleksey II -- need to show Serbian people they are not alone, Russian people support them (cited). 02:12:21 FOREIGN MEDIA COVERAGE - London's The Independent: no legal grounds for bombing of Yugoslavia, Yugoslavia no threat to of Western countries, NATO ignorant about history of Kosovo crisis; British Observer: its risky and humiliating that Great Britain takes orders from US, do you [British government] not know US's hypocrisy and that Ambassador [William] Walker financed the Contras in Latin America?; The Independent: a behind-the-scenes war is waged for EU leadership, US used its Trojan horse [Great Britain] to promote Anglo/American/French alliance as world political leaders (cited). - Spanish El Pais: criticizes NATO Secretary-General Xavier Solana for double standard regarding Spain's involvement with NATO (cited). - Beijing: China calls for cessation of air attacks on Yugoslavia, military intervention on a sovereign state unacceptable and threatening to world peace; Bulgarian generals condemn NATO criminal aggression on sovereign state, US and other countries participating in the aggression should answer to the International Court of Justice; Prague, Czech Republic: International Slovenic Council states that NATO's military destroys holy sites and cities because [Yugoslavia] refuses to submit itself to demands by Western countries; British Sunday Telegraph: British intelligence began investigating and following Serbs living in England, a particular target are universities (all cited). - (02:17:00) Report on a private suit against Madeleine Albright's father Josef Korbel for the possession of goods stolen from the Karl Neubricht family; Albright's father received the goods from Czechoslovakia's communist government after WWII. - Announcer: Serbian Commissioner for Refugees (iz Republicki Komesari za Izbeglice) Bratislava Bugomorina (sp.), gives a statement in response to UNHCR Sadako Ogata's claims that a humanitarian catastrophe is occurring in Kosovo -- Bugomorina: the West manipulates refugee numbers with goal of intensifying NATO aggression on Yugoslavia, a number of Kosovo Albanians are leaving areas of NATO attacks on civilians targets, NATO must stop bombing if they want refugees to return home (cited). - Djafer Djuka, member of the Temporary Executive Council on Kosovo and Metohija: NATO attacks Yugoslavia to defend its strategic and material interests, we don't need NATO, Albanians must carry responsibility for Kosovo, best solution for Albanians is to live peacefully with other minorities, Kosovo should be an autonomous province of Serbia, Clinton is doing what Hitler wanted to do: be the world's policeman, enemy of Albanians and Kosovo is Bill Clinton, Albanians need financial and humanitarian help not bombs (translated from Albanian, VO). - Yugoslav army cracks down on KLA Drenica headquarters: terrorists frequently attacked Serbian police and Yugoslav army from this area, and along with its ally NATO, attempted to create a terrain where NATO troops from Macedonia could be possibly taken on; indication of a civilian mass grave in the area is being investigated; OSCE observers and criminals from the US protected KLA by repeating that their hideouts were peaceful villages; terrorists had medicines from Western European countries; terrorists had humanitarian aid designated for civilians; a NATO search-and-rescue mission helicopter shot down; Albanian civilians fleeing towards Macedonia and Albania from NATO bombs intentionally thrown on civilian targets; NATO Generals use this to help terrorists through Kosovo/Macedonian border; these terrorists would then attack the Macedonian border creating the illusion that Yugoslavia attacked Macedonia; Siptar separatists gangs unhappy with NATO's failure to damage Yugoslav army and Serbian police. - (02:25:42) Jela Veselic: [NATO] did not study Serbian history, [Serbs] say 'no' to American fascist diplomacy. - Podgorica: anti-NATO protests in front of the US Information Service Office. - Banja Luka: anti-NATO protesters wanted to demonstrate in front of SFOR base in Ramici near Banja Luka but were halted by Republika Srpska police due to danger from potential unwanted incidents. - Serbian Radical Party recognizes Yugoslav army and Serbian police for their defense against NATO which is commanded by the world's most ruthless murderers Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, Jacques Chirac, Gerhardt Schr?der, and their court jester Xavier Solana (cited). - Jul Party Information Secretary Ivan Markovic: the best nation in the world [Serbs] is attacked by the worst president the world [Clinton] has even seen, media manipulators [make up stories] about massacred Albanians; Albanians die from NATO bombs, not from Yugoslav army or Serbian police. - Serbian Renewal Movement: in its brutal attacks, NATO sends bombs on cultural and religious monuments in Kosmet, schools, refugee camps, companies, civilian airports, and targets which could cause ecological (cited). - Yugoslav army Commander General Dragoljub Ojdanic meets a group of academicians and scientists: academicians and scientists praise Yugoslav army for decisive and heroic defense of the country; will put their knowledge to use for the army. - Serbia Writer's Association meets: Slobodan Rakitic, President of the Association responds to letter by G?nter Grass where Grass defended NATO's policy towards Yugoslavia; author Radomir Andric, writer Professor Dr. Kosta Cavoski, writer Matija Beckovic, writer Miodrag Pavlovic. - Singer Zdravko Colic, actress Ruzica Cokic, actor Sergej Trifunovic, actor Tihomir Stanic, actor Bata Paskaljevic, actor Branislav Lecic, "Galija" lead singer Nenad Milosavljevic give statements regarding NATO bombing.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 28-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 30 min
    BA791

  611. ARD: Panel Discussion on Kosovo (political program)
    02:37:52-03:05:00 Special Program "Sabine Christiansen" - Discussion over Germany's participation in the possible deployment of a NATO ground force in Kosovo. Present are: German Defense Minister Rudolf Scharping (SPD), Bavarian Interior Minister G?nter Beckstein (CSU), Ilona Rothe (her son is stationed with UN Peacekeepers in Tetovo, Macedonia), Commander of the Germany Contingent [in Macedonia] Brigadier General Helmut Harif, former NATO General Gerd Schm?ckle, PDS Party leader Gregor Gysi, and an unidentified panelist.
    Producer: ARD Germany/German language; 28-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 90 min
    BA792
    News, March 28, 1999 (news)
    Serbian Television Evening News:
    - Vicenza, Italy: anti-NATO protests in front of US (?) military base. BEGINNING CUT OFF.
    - Brussels, Belgium: protests against NATO's criminal aggression held in front of NATO headquarters.
    - Russia: anti-NATO protests held in front of US consulates in Vladivostok, St. Petersburg, Tjumen, Novosibirsk (protesters lit US consulate on fire), and Tula.
    - Salzburg, Germany: protests against NATO policy in Yugoslavia.
    - Sidney, Australia: protests against NATO's criminal bombing of Yugoslavia.
    - New York, US: protests against NATO's criminal aggression on Yugoslavia; New York University Professor John Rans (sp.): President Clinton and Secretary of State Madeleine Albright should be tried at the Hague Tribunals.
    - Ottawa, Canada: CUT OFF.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 28-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 3 min
    BA793

  612. News, March 29, 1999 (news)
    03:11:18 - NATO soldiers stationed in Macedonia continue to desert and flee to Bulgaria due to physical threats by the local population; residents of Stari Glagorican, a village near Kumanovo, protest in front of NATO headquarters: ask NATO command to leave Kumanovo as their physical safety could not be guaranteed. - Russian fleet to conduct training exercises in air and underwater defense. BEGINNING CUT OFF. - Former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark visits Belgrade and Novi Sad surveying the impact of NATO bombs on the infrastructure and population. In Belgrade, he visits Surcin airport. In Novi Sad, he visits the "Tehnogas," "Novograd," and "Izolacija" companies, the junior high school "Svetozar Markovic," and a clinic. - The heaviest bombing wave of Pristina since the beginning of NATO's air campaign results in: one NATO plane was downed and at least one was hit; five Serb villages around Pristina and five Serb villages around Gnjilane were hit, Serbian police headquarters were destroyed -- the building was used for issuance of civilian ID's and travel documents, barracks where refugees were housed, also damaged were a health facility and "Boro i Ramiz" shopping center -- terrorist have been synchronizing their attacks with those of NATO. - There has been an obvious correlation between terrorists and NATO attacks on Yugoslavia; Yugoslav army liquidated 13 terrorists during a clash at the "Mitar Voinovic" border crossing: all terrorists wore NATO uniforms or uniforms with German flags; under NATO command, the terrorists were to mobilize all Kosovo Albanians in Albania and conduct attacks which would provoke the Yugoslav army to respond -- Yugoslavia would then be blamed for aggression on Albania thus prompting more threats and pressures by NATO; interviewed are Yugoslav army soldiers and a commander. 03:23:23 - NATO criminals continue to bomb civilians buildings, hospitals, and schools. - Report on the bombing of health care facilities in Pristina: many civilians wounded during NATO bombing, bombs fall close to OB/GYN clinic in Pristina; interviews with two Pristina doctors. - NATO bombs hit a barrack of "Termokos" company: refugees were housed in the barrack; interviews with a survivor and "Termokos" assistant manager. 03:30:18 - NATO criminals do not shy away from hitting civilian targets, health facilities, and humanitarian organizations. - World criminals (svetski zlikovci) commit violations against basic human rights; in the barbarian attacks on a sovereign and democratic Yugoslavia, which is only defending its existence, 50 schools, kindergartens, and health facilities have been destroyed; NATO bombs destroyed a public health facility; interviews with doctors. - One NATO missile hits a barrack used to house refugees; the barrack was situated next to the "Termokos" company: interview with "Termokos" assistant manager. - Report from Pristina bomb shelter: civilians interviewed. 03:33:55 - NATO bombs hit towns and villages surrounding Prizren, Orahovac, and Djakovica: results in the damage of many residential buildings and a Catholic church in Djakovica; one [NATO] plane shot down near the Zrza village. - Two tomahawk missiles and bombs fell on a Gracanica farm; Yugoslav air defense eliminated several missiles, and shot down one NATO plane. - ©iptar terrorist bands attack state security, Yugoslav army, and Serbian police forces in districts of Pec, Klina, and Decani; the attacks were successfully blocked. - Report on CNN's and SKY's reporting on a presumed humanitarian crisis; both stations show refugees in snow which melted a month ago, or refugees sitting on grass that is green as if it was summer. - Leskovac was once again subjected to genocidal attacks by NATO bombers; local residents help each other out while NATO is attacking civilian buildings, houses, farmsteads, and farms. - Brief footage of damaged residential buildings in the Kraljevo area. 03:38:33 - Dr. Ivica Milovanovic: two civilians women wounded during NATO attack. - Kraljevo hospital (klinicki centar) began operating under war time conditions and is ready to take in any potential victims of the insensitive and unscrupulous NATO barbarians. - SPS's (Socialist Party of Serbia) General Secretary Gorica Gajevic visits the Clinical Centar of Serbia (Klinicki Centar Srbije) and asses the clinic's readiness to care for the injured and wounded. - A NATO pilot was forced to land in the Loznica area after being hit [by Yugoslav air defense?]. - "Zastava" auto factory continues production under war time conditions; interviews with "Zastava" workers; production was interrupted for a rally in support of Yugoslav government policies; speeches by various company representatives associated with "Zastava." 03:45:44 - Workers of "Zastava Specijalni Automobili" and "Zastava Promet" in Sombor hold rally against the terrorist organization of international and fascist proportions, a.k.a. NATO; workers will pose as human shields as long as the brutal and violent attacks [on Yugoslavia] continue. - Podgorica, Montenegro: protests against NATO's brutal aggression on Yugoslavia. 03:47:33 - Yugoslav Army Headquarters Information Service: radio locators have been destroyed in several areas of Serbia. - Serbian Minister of Transportation Dragan Todorovic visits Surcin airport which was bombed by NATO during the previous night. - More than Serbian 100 schools have been destroyed by NATO bombs; interviewed are Serbian Minister of Education Jovo Todorovic and a Belgrade junior high school student. - In Pristina: the building of the Agricultural College was damaged during a NATO attack. CUT OFF. - BEGINNING CUT OFF. Under the auspices of bloodthirsty Madeleine Albright, Russian representatives arrive to Belgrade; before their arrival, the representatives stopped in Budapest to receive their lesson and instructions of the criminal Richard Holbrooke. - Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Igor Ivanov comments that Russian representatives have not been sent by the Russian government. - Russian Communist Party leader Genady Zhuganov: does not believe the Russian representatives' visit to Belgrade will be successful. 03:55:45 - Residents of Kumanovo, Macedonia, block the way for NATO forces in the Zebrnjak hill area for several hours; around one hundred NATO soldiers ran away due to the threat of being lynched by Kumanovo residents; the whereabouts of the frightened NATO soldiers are unknown. - Bucharest, Rumania: protesters against NATO bombing egg the US embassy building in Bucharest. - Beijing: Chinese Premiere Ju Jun-Chi (sp.) tells US Trade Minister William Daly that NATO aggression on Yugoslavia must stop immediately - Athens: Greek Minister of Information Dimitris Srepas (sp.) Greek government will not allow the use of its territory for aggression on Yugoslavia; protests against NATO aggression continue. - Tel Aviv: protests in front of US embassy against NATO policies in Yugoslavia. - Pittsburgh, PA (?): anti-NATO protests. - Bonn, Germany: doubts over US's plan for solution of Kosovo crisis increasing. - London, England: NATO's leading countries began propaganda war to cover up its mistakes and evade all political responsibility for the criminal aggression against Yugoslavia. - Ottawa, Canada: former UN Commander in Bosnia MacKenzie spoke out against the dangerous precedent set by [NATO's] aggression on Yugoslavia; the same policy should be set for Turkey and its [oppression] of the Kurds, and against Indonesia against its [oppression] against the East Timorese; one year ago, the KLA was on CIA's list of world terrorists. 04:02:06 ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERAGE - British daily The Independent: lists points of international law which have been violated by NATO's bombing of Yugoslavia. - British dailyThe Times: Kosovo conflict is Yugoslavia's internal affair. - British Daily Telegraph: downing of the F-117 stealth fighter worries US leaders. - Washington, DC: The Washington Post: Clinton policy for Kosovo produced many unexpected and negative consequences. 04:04:50 - Russian Federation embassy proclaims that all diplomatic representatives are working as usual. - SPS General Secretary Gorica Gajevic meets leader of the Political Spring Party (Partija Politickog Proleca - don't know how to translate) Antonios Dudos; Dudos: solution possible only through political means. - Yugoslav Left meeting. - Serbian Radical Party: BEGINNING CUT OFF: Washington's mentally retarded (maloumni) leaders unsuccessfully try to cover up an obvious debacle [in Kosovo policy]; NATO's criminal missiles intentionally hit civilian along with military buildings; provoke humanitarian catastrophe as alibi to occupy Serbia and Yugoslavia. - Serbian Movement of Renewal: NATO bombs cause humanitarian catastrophe; no mention of suffering experienced by other ethnic communities. - Letter of Republika Srpska SPS in support of Serbs in Yugoslavia. - Belgrade University Professor Milos Aleksic: US uses NATO as tool to create a technologically totalitarian New World Order. 04:15:40 - Serbian Patriarch Pavle: from the religious aspect, only defensive war can be just. - Second rock concert held in downtown Belgrade: interviews with Belgrade citizens. - Sydney, Australia: pro-Yugoslavia protests around the world shown with song "Ko Ne Slusa Pesmu" in the background.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 29-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 80 min
    BA794
    News, March 29, 1999 (news)
    - Panel of Serbian intellectuals against NATO, i.e. American aggression. Speeches by: Serbian academician Dobrica ­osic, painter Milos ©obajic, academician Tanasije Mladenovic, author »edomir Mirkovic, painter and author Momo Kapor, author Adam Puslojic, poet Rajko Nogo, poet Dragomir Brajkovic, author Radoslav Bratic, literary critic Branko Popovic, author Srba Ignjatovic, academician Matija Beckovic, professor Kosta »avoski compares Adolf Hitler and Bill Clinton, poet Alek Vukadinovic says NATO bombs are bombs of Greater Albania and Kosovo the holy mount where Serbs received their Ten Commandments, poet Radomir Andric, poet Duska Vrhovac -Pantovic, academician Miodrag Pavlovic, author and literary translator Dragan Mraovic, and poet Nikola Cincar Poposki. Throughout program, announcements of Serbian anti-NATO protests scheduled around Europe flash on screen.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 29-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 30 min
    BA795; copy on a separate Beta cassette

  613. News, March 30, 1999 (news)
    05:04:46-06:26:27 - (05:05.00) Russian delegation headed by Evgeny Primakov visits Yugoslavia, meets with Slobodan Milosevic in Belgrade. Russian delegation condemns NATO aggression, states peace needs to return to Yugoslav territory and greatest threat to European security needs to be removed (cited). President Milosevic: Yugoslavia ready to fight in defense of country; problem in Kosovo-Metohija needs to be solved but only through political, not military action; aggression on Yugoslavia must be stopped; when NATO aggression ceases, Yugoslavia's leadership will accept Russia's suggestion and begin decreasing size of its force present there to deter aggression; message to Albanian refugees who need to return to their homes; Russian, Indian, and Chinese support means a lot; Yugoslavia will never give up its freedom and will always have Russia's support for that (cited) (TRANSLATE) - (05:09.35) Russian Prime Minister Evgeny Primakov arrives to Belgrade: the Russian delegation will attempt to move matters towards political talks. - In his yearly address to Duma, Yeltsin condemns NATO's attempt to solve matters through force. Yeltsin: Russia will not let world-wide conflicts be resolved by force and aggression, a violation of the UN and international conventions; Russia's main task to prevent escalation of violence, to stop bombardment, and to find a way for political resolution of the crisis in Yugoslavia; no support for NATO's policy of aggression -Russia will not tolerate it (all cited). - (05: 11:05) Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Igor Ivanov, holds a press conference in Moscow: denies Yugoslav security forces are causing a humanitarian catastrophe in Kosovo; people of all ethnicities are dying in Serbia; number of refugees grows rapidly; American leadership attempts to make it look like Yugoslav security forces' action against the Siptars is causing the refugee crisis when, in fact, NATO is responsible for it (voice over, translation). - (05:12:25) Yugoslav government passes resolution that gasoline can be bought only with coupons issued by the government. - Serbs around the country gather at protest meetings against NATO's criminal aggression. Smederevo: footage of concert, short statements by local officials, public reaction. (TRANSLATE) - (05:17.39) Report on anti-NATO protest in Uzice: statements by local leaders, intellectuals, and athletes. - Anti-NATO concert in Belgrade. Protesters shout: "Sex maniac: keep away from Serbia," "Serbia all the way to Tokyo," "Serbs write their history--none are illiterate." - (05:22:25) Report on anti-NATO protest in Novi Sad: thousands of Novi Sad residents condemn NATO's evil force. While NATO is killing Europe, our song, pride and unbreakable spirit speak out (need a better word); Serbs live in the heart of Europe, the international community is glutted with American disgrace of cosmic proportions (cited). - (05:23:46) Report on anti-NATO protest in Valjevo. Public opinion included. - Report on anti-NATO protest in Zrenjanin. Public opinion: Serbian youth will prove NATO cannot defeat Serbia despite its military superiority. (TRANSLATE) - (05:26:03) Report on anti-NATO protest in Pusta Reka (Bojnik): people will defend Serbia, Kosovo-Metohija, Serbian centuries-old homeland. Public opinion included. - (05:27:41) General-lieutenant Spasoje Smiljanic, air force commander, says seven NATO planes gunned down, including an F-117; footage from Podgorica. - Report from Pale, Bosnia-Herzegovina: a NATO plane fell down near Pale; a villager interviewed about the incident; another NATO plane shot down near Aleksinac. - French daily Le Parisien confirms the RTS information on NATO losses: Le Parisien published a photo showing another F-117A shot down by Serb pilots near Teocak, Bosnia. A photo shows an American soldier guarding the debris (real photo and newspaper front page shown); Serbs gunned down the plane while it attempted an emergency landing at the Tuzla airport, it never arrived there (cited). - (05:30:05) NATO press conference in Brussels: British air force officer Wilby (sp.): NATO forces encounter Yugoslav anti-aircraft defense's well-organized and dynamic response. - (05:30:26) Home appliance plant "Sloboda" bombed earlier in the morning in Cacak. NATO aggressors indiscriminate in their targets: NATO experts declared the Cacak-made vacuum cleaners a military target [sic] (cited). - (05:31:08) Milovan Drecun reports on an American spy group operating within OSCE in Pristina. Security forces and the Yugoslav Army Pristina Corps military police uncovered the spy network. Besim Kastrati (sp), Kosovar Albanian from Pristina and chief of the spy network, interviewed. Formerly with the Yugoslav Army, now a security guard for OSCE, Kastrati says Lance Johnston ordered all OSCE's local employees to spy. Lance Johnston, US army mayor and State Department representative who worked with OSCE in Bosnia, instructed the local staff to gather information on the size and number of [Yugoslav Army] patrols in Pristina, number of soldiers in each patrol and direction of their movement, number of vehicles passing through Pristina, and on murders, activities and explosions throughout the city. The spy network, which consisted of four Albanians, continued to operate even after OSCE left Kosovo. American officials supplied Albanian spies with a satellite telephone for communication; passwords were used to establish contact. Kastrati admits the spy network contributed to the aggression and admits this was a big mistake; Pristina is populated with Albanians too; [NATO] indiscriminate in its targets. - (05:37:06) Report on NATO strikes on Pristina: four missiles hit the city. Siptar terrorist gangs were active on the periphery of Kosovo Mitrovica. Terrorist attacks especially intensive in Sipolje; Yugoslav forces adequately responded to and neutralized terrorist attacks. Yugoslav anti-aircraft defense forces struck down aggressor's plane two nights ago southeast of Pristina; the pilot still alive; security forces search for him intensively. Another plane struck down probably on Macedonian territory. - (05:38:34) Prizren, Djakovica and Orahovac: at least three NATO tomahawk cruise missiles and an aircraft destroyed; an aircraft was hit in Zrze. Yugoslav Army Major Zoran Djukic and Ivan Stankovic, soldier from Leskovac, interviewed about the incident. (translate?) - (05:40:36) Cacak: criminal NATO aviation hit several commercial sites early this morning, causing damage to residential buildings. - (05:41:37) NATO bombed the outskirts of Novi Sad early this morning, although there are no military targets in the area. Miomir Dutina, engineer with "Elektroistok": on damage of power lines and necessary reparations. A shell explosion created a 12-meter wide crater while shrapnel dispersed 150 to 200 meters from the center of explosion. - (05:43:02) Milovan Drecun reports from Pristina: NATO criminals raided two Serb villages, Vrbovac and Mogela, with four cluster bombs, although there are no military targets in or outside these villages. This grave crime parallels the fascist extermination. The use of cluster bombs banned by international conventions. Yellow mines from cluster bombs rained on the two villages. A few mines fell near a village school and injured and killed a civilian. Cluster bomb debris contains a message from Albanians to Serbs: "It`s payback time." Local Serbs interviewed: express fear of mines. Bombardment of Serb-populated areas, where Albanians are not in majority, with cluster bombs shows that, through its criminal aggression against Yugoslavia, NATO aims to scare Kosovo Serbs, drive them out from their centuries-old homeland, and create an ethically cleansed Kosovo-Metohija. (TRANSLATE). - (05:45:57) Report from Yugoslav-Macedonian border which intends to uncover manipulations and lies that foreign media propagate about Albanian refugees (cited). Albanian civilians interviewed: express fear of bombs (all speak Serbian; one person speaks Albanian) (TRANSLATE) - NATO fires missiles on Vranje: aggressor's attack neutralized; all missiles, as well as one NATO aircraft, shot down. - Report from Belgrade on the most seriously injured civilians, including Albanians, who are treated at the Military Medical Academy. Albanian woman from Gnjilane interviewed. (this report shows up on 797 or 798) (TRANSLATE) - (05:51:32) Report on two Yugoslav Army officers' funerals: Major Radisavljevic, a pilot, died while combating NATO aviation; another officer died while aggressor bombed Belgrade's military sites. (TRANSLATE) - (05:52:44) Report on Ramsey Clark's visit to Yugoslavia. After seeing ravaged factories, a Novi Sad school, and the Surcin airport, he tours a hospital (KBC-Serbia) in Belgrade to witness firsthand the consequences of NATO's aggression; asks whether the hospital has enough medication, humanitarian aid; compares horrific scenes here with the suffering in Vietnam; tours motor engine and agricultural machinery factory in Rakovica damaged by detonations caused by NATO missiles that were fired near the factory, where community cultural club is located (all cited). Local Serbs to Clark: Serbs are friends with the American people, who must influence their leadership to stop their barbarian attack on our country. Clark tours elementary school damaged by detonations. Clark: bombardment caused more damage to American people than to Serbs; becomes aware of the absurdity of the US leadership's decisions. - (05:54:57) Council of University of Belgrade awards Clark honorary doctorate for his life's work and exceptional contribution to human rights. - (05:55:21) An excerpt from Clark's interview with RTS. Clark disagrees with NATO's action; thinks NATO should have been abolished ten years ago. NATO violates the UN Charter, international humanitarian law, and other conventions on human rights. NATO should be outlawed, that will be a difficult struggle. We [West] must gain a greater understanding of Slavs; Slavs are the largest ethnic group in Europe, but have been impoverished and under attack for years. Yugoslavia--one of the strongest and proudest in the Slavic family. NATO is committing crimes against humanity all over the world under the excuse of intervening in humanitarian catastrophes (i.e. use of Tomahawk cruise missiles, strike against pharmaceutical factories in Sudan) which have to be stopped. (Voice over translation not in accordance with original in English). - The authorities wish to inform the public not to discuss any information pertaining to aggression on our country, its resulting effect, and position of defense forces, over their mobile phones. - (05:59:40) Report on anti-NATO protest in Kumanovo, Macedonia: 30,000 participants. Protesters shout: "NATO-killers," "Fascists, fascists, "Clinton is Hitler." Protesters block roads into the city; NATO soldiers leave the city in panic and move to Tabanovci, Macedonia, where police throws tear gas among the protesters and beats them to protect NATO soldiers who hide in the nearby forest. Albanian women and children leave the villages in this area -- Vojinovic, Lojane, Sopot, Maksinje-- registering as refugees from Kosmet to augment the supposed humanitarian catastrophe. (TRANSLATE ??); Anti-NATO protests in Stip, Gostivar, and Strug. - (06:01:42) Report on anti-NATO protests in freedom-loving Salonica, Greece (March 29): protesters throw gas at US Consulate; burn US flags. - Report on anti-NATO student protests in Nicosia, Cyprus: protesters throw oranges, lemon, tomato, eggs, and firecrackers at US Embassy, demanding the end of NATO air strikes. Government approves student protests in support of Yugoslavia. - Report on anti-NATO protests in Lisbon, Portugal. - Anti-NATO protests in Salzburg, Austria. Protesters burn US flag; Protests in Germany, Canada. - (06:06:33) Yugoslav Ambassador to Austria, Rados Miljkovic, meets with Cardinal Franz Koning(sp) to discuss aggression (cited). - Egyptian foreign minister Amer Musa states: solution for Kosovo-Metohija problem must be found through UN and Security Council. - French daily La Croix: NATO commandos operate within KLA to gather intelligence on Yugoslav forces; equipped with the most advanced communication tools, arrive from eastern Macedonia. - (06:07:33) Criminals from the White House do not hide their alliance with the terrorist KLA: on Albright's conversation with Taci. According to Reuters, Taci praises NATO for its strikes against Yugoslavia and spreads outrageous lies via CNN: Serbs set up concentration camps for men, kill Albanian intellectuals in Kosmet. Criminal aggressors clearly cannot function without the media. (TRANSLATE!!) - (06:09:43) Socialists and United Left criticize Spanish government for supporting NATO, blindly obeying American imperial orders, and harming the country's interests; ask their parliament to revise its position; Spain blackmailed: given financial aid in exchange for support of air-strikes. - Beijing officials state the most important thing to stop NATO aggressors; Ministry of foreign affairs dismissed aggressors' propagandistic claims that they bomb civilian sites for humanitarian reasons and to achieve peace. Assessing western officials' claims about a large number of Albanian refugees, Beijing officials state that the refugee crisis was created by NATO's aggression. A prestigious Chinese daily declares there is no difference between NATO's and Hitler's Nazi policy. (cited) - Germany: Former Deputy of the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces for Europe, General Gerd Schmickler states for a German magazine: NATO's brutal aggression on Yugoslavia will in the end affect NATO itself; the longer the aggression lasts, the more inevitable is NATO's collapse (cited). - London: compliance with American fascism has adverse effect on economy. - Skopje, Macedonia: Minister of Interior mobilized reserve police troops to protect embassies of NATO-member countries. American ambassador to Macedonia, Christopher Hill: hopeful that Macedonians will support America despite current events. - (06:12:23) Report on the workers of the "Zastava" factory in Kragujevac: will work while the NATO bombardment lasts to protect the plant from NATO's bombs. The Yugoslav Left toured the factory, spoke to its workers, and brought them humanitarian aid. - Report on Serbian Radical Party press conference: party members actively defend the country, its sovereignty and territorial integrity; the party praises the Yugoslav Army command staff, soldiers, and policemen for their heroic resistance to Hitler's heirs-NATO; calls the public to resist NATO's criminal aggression and defend the national pride, honor and dignity. Regardless of the criminals' strength and technological superiority, Serbia must win, will not be conquered (all cited). - (06:16:32) Report on Yugoslav United Left (JUL) press conference: Serbs will defend their country persistently and decisively; the international community must realize it must defend itself from aggression; Clinton's three reasons for aggression expose his lies. Separatist Albanian leaders initiated the conflict, made all ethnic communities -- Albanians, Serbs, Montenegrins, Turks, Roma Gypsies, and others - suffer unnecessarily, and then they escaped abroad. - (06:19:23) Report on Se
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 30-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 80 min
    BA796
    News, March 30, 1999 (news)
    - Belgrade: Serbian Ministry of Information gives statement to in support of journalists protesting NATO's criminal aggression [on Yugoslavia]: we call upon journalists of the world to speak the language of truth; stop the lies about the supposed Albanian humanitarian catastrophe; write about the barbaric bombing of not only military, but also commercial and civilian buildings, including schools and kindergartens; do not ignore the civilian deaths or the anti-war demonstrations around the world; let the Serbian side be heard; do not become the criminal's [NATO's] puppets (all cited).
    - (06:27:52) Pristina journalists gather to protest the constant bombing by NATO barbarians; give support to President Milosevic, the [Yugoslav] government, the Yugoslav army, and Serbian police; journalists who forgot about ethics were asked to step out of the fascist hordes, headed by Clinton, who want to enter the new millenium with bombs, blood, violence, and death (cited).
    -Novi Sad journalists protest against the criminal aggression.

    06:30:22
    - Serbian rock song about the Balkans; shown archival footage of Serbian army in WWI, WWII, and contemporary military.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 30-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 6 min
    BA797

  614. News, March 31, 1999 (news)
    06:33:16-07:00:00 Serbian Television 06:33.19 BEGINNING CUT OFF - Report on Serbian exodus from Krajina (Croatia) and Bosnia: there are over 2 million Serbs refugees around the world. August 1995 Croatian Serb refugee crisis did not affect humanitarian organizations; at the time, the New York Times reported Bill Clinton was a mass murderer of Serbs, due to help he gave Tudjman for Operation Storm. Serb refugees from Croatia are a blight on humanity. The first NATO bombs in Yugoslavia fell on these refugees housed in old army barracks in Kursumlija. (Archival SRT footage shows "Serb" ? refugees from Croatia. Policeman helping refugees might be wearing Croatian police insignia!) - Political commentary on downed F-117: the mutant NATO alliance woke up to reality as they saw they could not break spirit of a small nation. Bloodthirsty beasts become concerned over the souls of Albanian martyrs. Media monsters CNN and SKY shoot murderous arrows. Poor Albanian souls pitied by CNN. William Walker was a spy wretch. New neo-Nazi attack on the Balkans caused verifiers to leave. Rugova knew of this attack too, and that is why Albanians' leave was organized. Political commentary stresses CNN's and SKY's propaganda of Albanian refugees running away from Serbian repression. There are refugees, but less than what is said, because NATO murders them. (translate, extremely propagandist, probably worst so far!) 06:39.50 - Report from Pristina refuting CNN's lies: Hasim Taci's statement that soccer stadium in Pristina was turned to a concentration camp. Reporter shows stadium and building next to it that was bombed by NATO. Siptar leaders say only dead bodies can be found on Pristina streets, but SRT cameras show people walking down the street. Our nation and freedom fighters determined to fight for freedom from international criminals. - France Press refutes the false information that there is a concentration camp on the Pristina soccer stadium, French reporter reports stadium empty. - Report from Tabanovac border crossing at Yugoslav-Macedonian border: several tens of Albanians, mostly from Kosmet. They are not leaving Kosmet because of repression of ethnic cleansing, but because they are afraid of NATO air strikes. Interview with Albanians who say they are afraid of NATO. (translate) 06:44.39 -Milovan Drecun's report from Kosovo: Third army General Pavkovic and Pristina Corps General Major Lazarevic tour Pristina Corps troops in combat areas. Pavkovic praises soldiers - "can we tell the aggressor that our love for the fatherland is stronger than their bombs?" Mentions 1389 Kosovo Field battle. Drecun interviews General Major Lazarevic who comments on results of NATO and terrorist aggression on Kosmet and on the Pristina Corps; in eight days of war, the aggressor created humanitarian catastrophe in entire country; attack on all that is Serbian, but missiles do fall on other ethnic minorities' targets; Siptar forces are just about to be defeated; Pristina Corps with support of Third Army is defending freedom and integrity of its country; the high morale guarantees successful defense. Reporter interviews twin soldiers in Pristina Corps. 06:50.00 - Milovan Drecun reports on the night's renewed NATO attack on Pristina and Cacanica: besides air-to-surface missiles, four cluster bombs were used. TV crew records bombing action when four additional cluster bombs were used. Anti-aircraft defense system reacted. Footage of bombing, anti-aircraft defense action. - Report on the third NATO attack on Gracanica - greatest Serbian shrine in Kosmet. Commentary on the attacker's lack of spirituality and his sick mind capable of doing such a thing. Two bombs fell on edge of village. One cluster bomb exploded. Footage of damage. - Report from Lukare and Devet Jugovica villages: mostly civilian targets were hit. About ten villagers, children among them, were hurt. One family home was completely destroyed and many were damaged. A cluster bomb fell near school playground. Yugoslav army is evacuating the citizens. The bombs killed cattle, destroyed road. - Report on Kisnica, Gracanica, and Badovac villages attacked by NATO whose goal is ethnic cleansing of Serbian nation. Civilian (Serbian villager) comments on attacks. Footage of cluster bomb containers. 06:56.30 - Report from Prizren: Yugoslav Army anti-aircraft defense system neutralized three NATO missiles and one fighter plane, which probably fell in the foothills of the Sar Planina mountain last night. Terrorist attacks on about ten respectable and loyal Prizren families were carried out in the night. In Ortokol, Bazderane, and Kusus villages, Serbian and Turkish areas were attacked. - Report from Urosevac: NATO killers targeted town twice last night; two missiles hit natural gas plant, and as many hit the water reservoir and food warehouse. There may be civilian victims. Aggressors are trying to disrupt everyday functions, but are not successful. - Report from Pec: NATO killers continued attack in the afternoon, four cluster bombs were dropped. - Report from Vranje: six missiles thrown from Bulgaria. Anti-aircraft defense destroyed a missile. - Report from Cacak: foreign reporters were able to see for themselves that NATO aggressors' targets are not military objects alone. Ten missiles fell on factory of kitchen and home supplies, "Sloboda". Reporters were present at an open-air "school lesson" [i.e. protest, see report on 799] in Kragujevac. 07:00.00 END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 31-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 30 min
    BA798
    News, March 31, 1999 (news)
    07:00:00-07:24:00
    Serbian Television
    07:00.10
    - Report on victims of NATO attacks: Federal Government vice president Zoran Lilic, Minister of Defense Pavle Bulatovic, and Minister of Health Miodrag Kovac visit Belgrade's Military Medical Academy and soldiers and civilians wounded during NATO aggression. Even at this moment, no difference is being made between the victims' nationalities, so even now, there are Albanian patients being treated.
    - Interview with Dr. Slavkovic of Belgrade's Institute of Orthopedic Diseases: he discusses the victims [of NATO bombing] and their wounds.
    - Report from Nis hospital: 13 year-old from Pec wounded during the NATO aggressor's action, young man's life is in danger. 24 year-old also seriously wounded. A Serbian and an Albanian patient in next room are being treated equally.
    - Report from Belgrade's Military Medical Academy: forty year old Albanian woman, Mereme Beciri from Gnjilane, was just operated on. Mereme Beciri interviewed, (voice-over translation) -- she is well taken care of. (translate?)
    - Report from Kragujevac: three NATO missiles fell near the monument to 7,000 Kragujevac high school students shot en masse by German soldiers in WW2. A huge "school lesson" for everyone; report also a commentary. Over 100,000 people gathered to commemorate attack. Serbian poet declares he is proud to be Serbian. Actor Mihailo Janketic yells lines of old Serbian poetry. Reporter: poetry never made so much sense as in Kragujevac today.
    07:09.45
    - Report on anti-NATO and pro-Yugoslavia protest in center of Novi Sad. A concert held at Freedom Square. Serbian pop singers at concert interviewed and shown performing.
    - Anti-NATO protest in Velika Plana.
    - Anti-NATO protest and concert in Srpska Crnja, citizens burn American flag given to them by American pilots saved by the town during WW2.
    - Anti-NATO protest and concert in Valjevo.
    - Workers of a Prijepolje factory stop production for anti-NATO protest.
    - Report on anti-NATO protest and concert in Smederevo.
    - Report on anti-NATO protest in Vrnjacka Banja.
    - Report on anti-NATO protest and concert during air raid signal in Pancevo.
    - Report on anti-NATO protest and concert in Belgrade: Yugoslav volleyball team captain supports Yugoslavia, rock song about downed US fighter plane.
    07:21.13
    - Montenegro: Serbian clan Pastrovic sends support to Serbs and states readiness to defend every inch of Serbian land.
    - Gora villagers (a Kosovo ethnic minority) protest in front of US embassy in Belgrade.
    Report on foreign media coverage:
    - Skopje, Macedonia: police fails to stop anti-American protests throughout Macedonia. Macedonian national identity has awakened and stands by its Slavic brethren. Macedonia did not gain anything by extending hospitality to the NATO fighting machine. There is growing concern terrorists are dressed in NATO uniforms.
    - Banja Luka, Republika Srpska (sic): anti-NATO protests held throughout Republika Srpska. Young people and policemen protest. Footage of US and British flag burning.
    - Strumic, Macedonia: anti-American protest, peasants blocked entrance to town with tractors.
    - Bonn, Germany: Green party parliament representatives demand Joschka Fischer's resignation because of aggression on Yugoslavia and announce they are leaving the party.
    - Rome, Italy: the Italian daily Giornale characterized aggression on Yugoslavia as an unprecedented mistake; NATO cannot defeat the Yugoslav army.
    - Brazil condemned NATO's aggression and became part of all Latin American countries that are against the aggression. Brazil press reports on anti-NATO concerts and protests throughout Yugoslavia.
    - Vietnamese publication Nam Dam (sp.?) writes NATO is only helping weapon dealers.
    - New York: since the start of NATO's aggression, the stock of the American companies that produce military equipment rose on the New York Stock Exchange. However, Northrop-Gramen and Lockheed-Martin -- manufacturers of the downed F-117 -- stock fell for 1.4%, which proves that American military's failures are reflected on the exchange, and that Clinton's clique began the war to get rich.
    07:27.50
    - Kicevo, Macedonia: district court proved guilt of nine Albanian terrorists who were punished with jail sentences totaling 44 years.
    - Report from Washington, D.C.: US media are concentrating on Clinton's main goal - separating Kosovo from Serbia. Reporters stated that next phase could be independent Kosovo. James Rubin, State Dept. spokesman stated Washington still has same policy (cited).
    - London, Great Britain: Yugoslav nationals hold anti-NATO protests in downtown London. British press is full of letters to the editor protesting strikes against Yugoslavia, written by conscientious citizens.
    07:30.50
    - Brussels, Belgium: Belgrade hackers broke into NATO's internet and electronic mail server. Belgrade hackers made the NATO server break down by they flooding it with messages and viruses.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 31-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 24 min
    BA799
    News, March 31, 1999 (news)
    07:24:00-07:35:00 (approx.)
    07:31.15
    BEGINNING CUT OFF
    - Report on computer hackers from 799.
    - Report on computer hackers continued: Mission Impossible theme song. Belgrade hacker interviewed: sound and pictures will shake up their conscience. Computer animation shown: American flag stars turn to swastikas.
    - Report from Belgrade: Ramsey Clark awarded honorary Ph.D. from Belgrade University, Clark states he is happier to be in Belgrade than to be with his wife, children, or grandchildren. Clark says his degree is proof of honesty and spirituality of Serbian nation.
    07:35.00
    END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 31-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 10 min
    BA825

  615. Croatian Spring-New Political Parties in Croatia/Hrvatsko Proljece--Nove Politicke Stranke U Hrvatskoj (political program)
    00:00.00 The program was filmed to introduce the Croatian public to new political parties, because the official media is still controlled by the ruling political party (the Communist Party). Speaker outlines the beginning of Croatian movement for pluralism as beginning at the end of 1980s, mostly within the framework of various citizen petitions against human rights violations, petition for return of monument to Duke Jelacic to Zagreb's main square, and among others, a petition against repression on Kosovo. Each political party in the following program is fist briefly introduced by the speaker, and then by its own spokesperson. -HDZ (Croatian Democratic Union): Neven Jurica, one of the party's founders, speaks. Franjo Tudjman speech shown. HDZ's Ivan Govron speaks against compulsory learning the cyrillic alphabet. Neven Jurica: one of the party's main characteristics is connecting Croats from the Diaspora to Croats in Croatia. Socialist Federalist Republic of Yugoslavia is a contractual union, and ability of nations to determine whether they want to remain within it is a fundamental democratic principle. -HSLS (Croatian Social Liberal Union): Dr. Ljubomir Antic speaks on the party's foundation: first sentence of founding session was "tiredness with Communist regime", before fall of Communism in Eastern Europe. Need to reaffirm the individual through participation in multi-party political system, free enterprise, independent legal system, and everything that proved successful in Western countries, where HSLS thinks Croatia should see itself in the future. Party is against radicalism. Vlado Gotovac speaks on changes needed to be made in the institutions, beginning with the Croatian Parliament. Croatia needs to make an economic profile through international relations, revival of free market, revival of communal system within local boundaries. New economic and cultural physionomy of country needs to be created. Policy toward the police, and paramilitary and parapolice organizations which exist in Yugoslavia needs to be established. The countryside will need to be taken into consideration. - HSS (Croatian Peasant Party): Brief history of the assassination of its founder Stjepan Radic in 1928 in the Belgrade Parliament. Stjepan Herceg presents the Croatian Peasant Party: the party was renewed because its politics have been tried and found true in the past. The party made it possible for the workers and peasants to become an important political factor. HSS insists on dissolution of UDBA, or secret police. Various HSS demands were not met by the Croatian Parliament. HSS will demand for honorable return of all those who left Croatia. HSS wants to revitalize the Croatian villages and islands. HSS's goal is Croatia's development in cultural, economic, and political aspect. The party's motto has always been, and will be: "Faith in God, and peasant unity." 00:27.10 - SDSH (Social Democratic Party of Croatia): Antun Vujic speaks on foundation of party during human rights protest. The opposition needs to be united, the Green party, women and people who are for change, but not for changes which could bring risks or a catastrophe. Those kinds of changes are still possible within Yugoslavia. Many concerns are characterized as national concerns. When it comes to Croatia's role within Yugoslavia, the party's motto is "there can never bee too much federalism." Privatization is necessary, and social democracy stands for elements of socialism, especially of the Scandinavian type, but also for promoting free enterprise. The party is mostly supported by educated people and the scientific community. 00:33.55 - Trans-national Radical Party: Vito »esmadziski speaks for the party: Trans-national Radical Party seeks global solutions, and the United States of Europe. The party was founded in Italy. The party is anti-prohibitionist, against prohibitions of any kind. It is anti-militarist, a non-violent party, and an ecologically conscious party. This is a post-modern political party. The party will be a part of a coalition, and intends to found a European Federalist organization (list). The future lies in individualism, not in the collective. 00:41.10 - Green Party: Zoran Ostric speaks on behalf of the Green Party: this is not only a party but has larger goals. New knowledge should be used to the benefit of all people and not for creation of nuclear power plants and weapons. The party's long-term goal is creation of new, modern, ecological economy. Motto: No ecology without democracy, no democracy without ecology. This is a party for human rights and modern pluralist democracy. (Written by Nino Zlokic. Copyright Befra AG.)
    Producer: IVS Croatia/Croatian language, Beta SP, 45 min
    BA800

  616. Sloba & Mira (documentary film)
    Portrait of Slobodan Milosevic and Mira Markovic, Serbian leader and his powerful wife by Phil Rees, investigative journalist and narrator. The film analyzes the following: - their lives in Pozarevac, Serbia, where they first met - the character of Milosevic and Markovic, through interviews with friends and acquaintances - their relationship while students in Belgrade - Markovic's past and character - chronology of Milosevic's rise through the ranks of the Communist Party under the wing of his mentor and friend Ivan Stambolic. - Milosevic's initial trip to Kosovo Polje in April1987 and rise to power - Kosovo autonomy revoked in 1989 - Markovic's political party JUL and her influence on Milosevic - regional elections in 1997 (?) and the months of protests in Belgrade and their effect on the Zajedno coalition. -how Milosevic maintains power through the continuing external crises: the wars of the former Yugoslavia, the Dayton Peace Agreement, and the NATO bombing. Interviews with: Dusan Mitevic, former Director of TV Belgrade, Ivan Stambolic, former President of Serbia, Slavko »uruvija, slain journalist and newspaper editor, Seska Stanojlovic, former high school colleague in Pozarevac, Nebojsa Popov, Communist Party Member and Belgrade University colleague, Miroslav Solevic, Serbian Nationalist Leader, Nebojsa »ovic, former Mayor of Belgrade, Zoran Djindzic, Opposition leader and former Mayor of Belgrade, Vuk Draskovic, Opposition leader and former Deputy Prime Minister, Milo Djukanovic, President of Montenegro, and Bishop Artemije, Serbian Orthodox Church, are featured.
    Producer: BBC2 United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP, 51 min
    BA801

  617. Panorama Special -The Killing of Kosovo (documentary film)
    This program focuses on the attrocities in Kosovo committed by the Serbs. Follows Milosevic's strategy to solve the "Albanian Problem". Jane Corbin reports. Includes statements from refugees and survivors of Serbian attacks. Interviews with Andre Lommen, Human Rights Watch, Gen. Wesley Clark, NATO commander in Europe, Michael Maisonneuve, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
    Producer: BBC1 United Kingdom/English language; 28-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 39 min
    BA802; two copies

  618. Panorama - War Room (documentary film)
    - Gavin Hewitt and Tom Mangold report on the debate behind the planning of operation "Allied Force" and on evolution of a decision by NATO countries not to use the ground troops in the military action against Yugoslavia. Even while NATO bombs Yugoslavia,
    Producer: BBC1 United Kingdom/English language; 19-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 40 min
    BA803

  619. Correspondent Special - The Serbs' Last Stand (documentary film)
    Produced in 1998. Correspondent Phil Rees examines: roots of Serbian nationalism; significance of the 1389 Kosovo battle for the Serbs; Kosovar Albanians and their views of Kosovo history and Serbian nationalism; post-WWII history of Yugoslavia and Kosovo within it; Milosevic's rousing of the Serbian nationalism; ethnic tensions during the last decade; Serbian church as a symbol of Serbian patriotism; whether Milosevic's government will protect the Kosovar Serbs; Serbian nationalists as they prepare for their own defense of Kosovo; and emergence of KLA; the future of Kosovo if war breaks out. Interviews with Albanians and Serbs illustrate the role of myths in creating ethnic identities, the pervasiveness of distrust and prejudice among the two ethnic groups, and each group's views in regards to the apartheid-like division of their society. Parallel Albanian society within Kosovo is examined through educational system and other social encounters. Albanian educators reject Serbian curriculum. Crude propaganda, techniques developed under Communism, is now used skillfully to drive Serbs to war. Interviews with: Kosovar Albanian civilians; Serb nationalists Kosta Bulatovic and Savo Markovic; Albanian civilians Zechiai Metai (sp) and his wife; Pristina Serbs; Serb and Albanian Headteachers Bogi Gogic and Sedat Ramadani; Kosovo Serb who suffered at hand of KLA; and Kosovo Serb leader Momo Trajkovic. Footage included: March 1998 Serb security forces attack on an Albanian village while an Albanian farmer hides and watches; mutilated bodies; Serbian TV film on the Kosovo Battle of 1389, June 1989 celebration of the Kosovo Battle; April 1996 attack on Serbian restaurant by the KLA.
    Producer: BBC2 United Kingdom/English language; 30-May-1999, Beta SP, 45 min
    BA804

  620. Panorama - The Mind of Milosevic (documentary film)
    BBC reporter Gavin Hewitt profiles Slobodan Milosevic. Through interviews with various diplomats and experts, Hewitt shows that Milosevic defies definition and is a calculated, brutal leader at the same time. The West characterizes Milosevic, who has some popular support and is regarded in his circles as relaxed, rather human leader, as totalitarian dictator. For years, western intelligence agencies have been building a profile of Milosevic. Panorama explores Milosevic's childhood, early adulthood, and his relationship with his wife, Mira Markovic; significance of the Kosovo battle to the Serbs and Milosevic exploiting those sentiments; the war in Vukovar, Croatia and in Bosnia, including the fall of Srebrenica; and whether the west has misread the mind of Milosevic. Excerpts from Panorama interview with Milosevic from 13 December 1993 featured. Participants: Milan Panic, former Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (Milosevic is capable of violence); Tony Blaire, Madeleine Albright, President Clinton; David Owen, European envoy to Yugoslavia, 1992-95 (the greatest mistake was to threaten Milosevic with air power only). Richard Holbrooke, US Special Envoy to the Balkans (Milosevic ranges with astonishing speed from charm to brutality); Douglas Hurd, foreign secretary, 1989-95 (he could never read Milosevic's mind); Dame Pauline Neville-Jones, political director, Foreign Office, 1994-96 (Milosevic knows what he is doing); Dr. Radmila Milentijevic, Serbian information minister, 1997-98 (he is a very warm person, charming man, likes a drink occasional; she finds him a strong man and would not call him a nationalist; to link him to ethnic cleansing is to ascribe him the power that he never had); Vladislav Jovanovic, Yugoslav ambassador to United Nations (Milosevic is shy, very modest person); Dr. Jerrold Post, Director, Political Psychology Center, CIA, 1965-86 (Milosevic has a very dangerous personality, but doesn't fit classical personality disorder; has absence of scruples); Harem Suljic, Srebrenica massacre survivor; Col. Gerry Kremer, Dutch Surgeon (from 11 March 1996 Panorama); Hakija Huseinovic, Srebrenica massacre survivor; Richard Goldstone, Prosecutor, Int. Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia, 1994-96 (Milosevic guilty of war crimes); John Scanlon, US Ambassador to Yugoslavia, 1985-89. Footage: satellite imagery of NATO planes hitting targets, Serbian TV images of Milosevic, Kosovo Albanian refugees fleeing; unrest in Kosovo in 1987 (also in 483); Serbian TV reenactment of the Kosovo battle; Milosevic speaking in Kosovo in 1989; shooting in Sarajevo; Srebrenica, Ratko Mladic in Srebrenica; UN soldiers held hostage by Bosnian Serbs (26 May 1995); Serbian troops in Kosovo, aftermath of the Racak massacre.
    Producer: BBC1 United Kingdom/English language; 29-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 40 min
    BA805

  621. Shot Through the Heart (fiction film)
    This HBO movie is based on a true story of two best friends and teammates on the professional Yugoslav shooting team. Their relationship takes a tragic turn during the war in Sarajevo when one ace shooter learns that the enemy sniper he must kill is none other than his best friend.
    Producer: HBO United States/English language; 2-Oct-1998, Beta SP, 113 min
    BA807; continued on no. 622

  622. Shot Through the Heart (fiction film)
    This HBO movie is based on a true story of two best friends and teammates on the professional Yugoslav shooting team. Their relationship takes a tragic turn during the war in Sarajevo when one ace shooter learns that the enemy sniper he must kill is none other than his best friend.
    Producer: HBO United States/English language; 2-Oct-1998, Beta SP
    BA807; continued from no. 621

  623. 20/20 - The Taking of Pristina (report)
    This programs contains a series of reports on the first day of NATO troops' deployment into Kosovo after the signing of the peace agreement. - Ted Kopell follows NATO troops on their way from Macedonia into Kosovo. They leave Macedonia in the morning and arrive in Pristina in the evening. Along the way he interviews his Albanian translator Benij (sp), an unidentified Kosovar man, and ABC's Kosovo Albanian host in Pristina who made brief statements about NATO's arrival in Kosovo. - Sheila MacVicar reports from Skopje, Macedonia on UN trucks conducting final preparations before leaving for Pristina. Statements are made by two unidentified UNHCR workers and UN Regional Coordinator Dennis MacNamara (sp). - Bob Woodruff reports on his unseccessful efforts to enter Pristina airport. - Ted Kopell reports from the Pristian airport area on the Russian troops' refusal to let NATO troops enter the airport, and their standoff with NATO. Statements by an unidentified Russian soldier and British Captain Martin Gourwin (sp). - Sheila MacVicar briefly reports the UN convoy heading for Pristina came to a road block by British forces due to reported trouble in Pristina. - Ted Kopell interviews three unidentified Serb men on their feelings now that the Serb army is leaving. - Bob Woodruff reports on British soldiers entering Pristina and the joy felt by the Albanian population; one Serb policeman shot by a British soldier. Statements by an unidentified Kosovar woman and an unidentified British soldier. - Sheila MacVicar reports that UN food convoy was halted due to the Russian troops' refusal to let them pass through the airport. Statement by UN Regional Coordinator Dennis MacNamara. - Ted Kopell reports on Serbian forces' retreat from Prizren and the shootout between two Serb policemen and German NATO soldiers. Statement by one wounded policeman who later died. - Ted Kopell interviews Jim Wooten in Pristina. They discuss: the death of two German journalists, the Serbian people's attitude towards foreign media, the finding of a mass grave near Kacanik and its significance, Milosevic's indictment, demilitarization of the KLA, Russian troops' deployment into the Pristina airport
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 13-Jun-1999, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA808

  624. Crimes Against Humanity (political program)
    This program analyzes the issues pertaining to war crimes, such as what is a human right, what defines a war crime, the precedent set by the Nuremberg trials, how the commission of experts operates and its goals, detention camps during the Balkans wars, how forensic evidence is gathered, and the creation of the ICTY. Throughout the program witnesses, survivors and legal experts discuss these issues. The excavation of the Vukovar mass grave is given as an example of the way war crimes are investigated. Clinton's speech announcing the signing of the Dayton Peace Accord is shown at the end of the program. The following individuals appear: Emsuda Mujagic, President of Women of Bosnia-Herzegovina; Dr. Faruk Konjhodzic, Chief Neurosurgeon at Sarajevo Hospital; an unidentified man; two unidentified women; an unidentified young boy; James O'Dea of Amnesty International USA; Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel; Tadeusz Mazowiecki, UN Special Rapporteur, Alessandra Morelli, UNHCR Field Officer; Zvonka Jakopovic, psychologist; two unidentified former prisoners held in a detention camp; Bernard Koucher, former French Minister of Health and Humanitarian Actions; two rape victims; Telfrod Taylor, Prosecutor at the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal; Morris B. Abram former US Ambassador to the UN, Geneva; Fritz Kalshoven, Commission of Experts Chairman; Dr. Shana Swiss, Physicians for Human Rights Women's Program Director; Dame Anne Warburton of the EC Delegation to Investigate Rape; Catherine Fischer, IRC Health Coordinator; a rape witness; Simon Veil French Minister of State for Health, Social and Urban Affairs; Cherif Bassiouni, Commission of Experts Rapporteur on the facts; Ron Redman, UNHCR Geneva Spokesman; Francoise Saulnier, Doctors Without Borders Legal Expert; Eric Stover, Physicians for Human Rights Executive Director; two mothers of the disappeared from the Vukovar hospital; Dr. Clyde Snow, Forensic Anthropologist; US Ambassador to the UN Madeleine Albright; Alain Pellet, UN International Law Commission Rapporteur; Aryeh Neier, Human Rights Watch Executive Director; an unidentified woman; and President Clinton.
    Producer: USIA United States/English language, Beta SP, 53 min
    English

  625. Human Rights Watch: The Power of an Idea (documentary film)
    This program is about the history and founding of Human Rights Watch, starting with the work of political dissidents in Eastern Europe during the 70's to HRW's work in the Kosovo conflict. There are three parts covering the creation of Helsinki Watch, Latin Watch, and HRW's activities around the world.Statements are made by: Two unidentified Kosovo Albanians; Fred Abrams, Human Rights Watch Investigator; Ken Roth, HRW Executive Director; Bob Bernstein, HRW founding chair; Yelena Bonner, Moscow Helsinki Group; Yuri Orlov, founder of the Moscow Helsinki Group; Aryeh Neier, HRW founding director; Jeri Laber, Helsinki Watch founding director; Vaclav Havel; HRW Program Director Cynthia Brown; Juan Mendez, founding director Americas watch; Aryeh Neier, HRW founding director; Louise Mushikiwabo; Sidney Jones, HRW Asia Division director; Wei Jing Sheng; Dorothy Q. Thomas, HRW Women's Division; Irene Diamond, HRW board of directors.
    Producer: Human Rights Warch English language, Beta SP, 17 min
    BA811

  626. World News Tonight - Identity Cleansing (report)
    - Bob Woodruff reports from Pristina on difficulties NATO is experiencing in monitoring the peace; bags full of identitiy found by British soldiers. Statements by an unidentified British soldier Soldier and British Army officer Andrew Kevil. Martha Raddat
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 13-Jun-1999, Beta SP, 8 min
    BA811

  627. Promotional Video for the Party of Democratic Action (SDA) - May Foca Never Repeat Itself/Da se Foca nikad ne ponovi (television program)
    - History and formation of the Party of Democratic Action (SDA) in Bosnia. - Brief history of Foca beginning from the Roman times, it's golden age during the middle ages and it's demise under the kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. - Formation of the S
    Producer: SDA Bosnia and Hercegovina/Bosnian language, Beta SP, 60 min
    BA812

  628. Footage for HOT SPOTS Part 2 (report)
    CHANNEL4 News: - Alex Thompson reports from a Yugoslav-Macedonian border crossing on the continuous arrival of refugees and NATO's policy in Kosovo. Statements by four unidentified Kosovo refugees, NATO General Michael Jackson, and an unidentified man. - Interview with two unidentified Kosovo refugees. Footage of refugees arriving, men and women crying - Unidentified reports, Macedonia (?): Yugoslav military tanks moving through city, Yugoslav soldiers walking across a field. - Unidentified reporter, Serbia: report on shot down F-117. ITN - Tom Bradby reports from Southern Italy on the arrival of NATO carriers on their way to Kosovo. Unidentified NATO commander makes statement. - Bill Nealy describes the nightly bombing of Pristina and harassment suffered by foreign journalists. - Footage of missiles being launched from NATO ships (?). - Press conference by British Ministry of Defense: NATO's military policy in Kosovo. - Paul Davis reports on the civil war in Afghanistan. Footage of rebels, explosions, and graves. - Footage of bombs dropping on empty fields, some soldiers walking through the fields, and young boys cleaning rocket. ITN - Ian Glover James reports on the withdrawal of Russian troops from Afghanistan. - Lengthy report on the withdrawal of Russian troops from Afghanistan and the Afghan government fight with Mujahedin rebels. Statement by an Afghan government army commander, Afghanistan's Deputy Prime Minister, and an unidentified UN peacekeeper (?). Cut off.
    Producer: CHANNEL 4, ITN United Kingdom/English language; 19-Feb-1999, Beta SP, 45 min
    BA813

  629. Footage for HOT SPOTS Part 3 (report)
    - Eritrea (?): interview with an unidentified man, funeral, soldiers sitting around. - Colombia, February 15, 1999: street violence, statement by Colombian police officer (?). - Eritrea, February 15, 1999: soldiers standing on a field, soldiers rejoicing,
    Producer: ITN, Reuters TV United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP, 53 min
    BA814

  630. Footage for HOT SPOTS Part 4 (report)
    Eritrean soldiers. - Russian army leaving Afghanistan: two unidentified Russian officials make statements. - Planes taking off and landing. - Indonesia: protests, burning houses, Indonesia police beating up people. - Koran comfort women, WWII footage of Japanese soldiers. - Colombia: street fights; statement by Colombian policeman (?) - Israel: Jewish prayer gathering (?), protests. - Kurdish representative making statement. - Protests in Pakistan. - Kosovo: Urosevac car bombing. - Macedonia: Kosovo refugees crossing into Macedonia. - Nighttime bombing of Pristina. - Statements by Kosovo refugees; Yugoslav soldiers in a field; statement by General Mike Jackson.
    Producer: ITN United Kingdom/English language, Beta SP, 23 min
    BA815

  631. Miss Sarajevo (documentary film)
    An independent film by Bill Carter, Miss Sarajevo presents the young Sarajevans' point of view on the siege of Sarajevo. Among others, Carter interviews two sisters, high school students, a group of young kids at play, a few of his friends who play in a band while at the same time fight for the Bosnian Army, and a satiric group called the Surrealists. Each interviewee talks about how the war affected his or her life: two sisters explain how they run to avoid snipers after school; a young man, a soldier in the Bosnian Army and a musician in a local jazz band, says that Sarajevo is a super-modern concentration camp where the Sarajevans live death; a few kids talk about fetching water daily. The Sarajevo Symphony orchestra performs in the hallway of the TV building, as it has no other venue in which it could perform. Amidst this destruction and siege, the city holds a beauty pageant. Interviews are intertwined with a collage of footage depicting the shelling and destruction of Sarajevo (TVBiH archival footage is used). The film also features two montages to U2 songs.
    Director: Bill Carter; Producer: Liam Cabot, Bill Carter United States/English language; 6-Jul-1999, Beta SP, 45 min
    BA816

  632. The Savior of Kosovo; a panel discussion (report)
    - Nancy Durham (sp) follows Albanian doctor Shpetim Robai (sp) as he and his colleagues try to help refugees living in hiding in the forests of Kosovo. Statements by Shpetim, his colleague, and a refugee woman. - Statement by Richard Holbrooke. - Panel di
    Producer: CBC Canada/English language; 5-Oct-1999, Beta SP, 24 min
    BA817; Beta and VHS

  633. Senate Judiciary Committee on Immigration: Kosovar Refugees (First Panel Only) (trial proceedings)
    Three Kosovo leaders testify on the situation in Kosovo to the Senate Judiciary Committee. - Dr. Vjosa Dubruna (sp), human rights activist and founder of Pristina's Center for the Protection of Women and Children speaks on: displaced persons within Kosovo, persecution of her fellow human rights activists and individuals who worked with international organizations, how her family was deported, conditions in Macedonian refugee camps, the humanitarian situation inside Kosovo, proposal for solutions of the crisis. - Aferdita Kelmendi, director of Radio 21 in Pristina, describes her journey from Pristina through a Macedonian refugee camp, the goals of Kosovo Albanian media, and asks NATO for help. - Mentran Imani (sp), who worked with the Humanitarian Law Center (an NGO) testifies on: his organization's activities, their cooperation with Bajram Keljmendi (killed by Serb forces), his trip out of Kosovo to Belgrade and then to Albania, his work in Albania, tells stories of two refugee families. - Testimonies are followed by questions and comments by Committee members. Questions asked: Senator Hatch: how well was the expulsion of Albanians organized, where are the missing men; Senator Kennedy: is there sufficient evidence to indict Milosevic, willingness to working with the Tribunal; Senator Leahy: refugee aid; Senator Feinstein: who are the men wearing black masks; Senator Schumer: what happened to deportees after authorities closed the Yugoslav border; Senator Byden: how long has ethnic cleansing been going on, evidence of rape cases; Senator Specter: when did ethnic cleansing begin, how much rebuilding will be necessary in Kosovo, prospects of Albanians living with Serbs again.
    United States/English language; 14-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 86 min
    BA818

  634. Amateur Footage/CNN: Video Evidence of Atrocities at Izbice, Kosovo (raw footage)
    Filmed by a Kosovo Albanian journalist after the massacre at Izbice, portions of this tape appeared on CNN and at least one other major news station. Copies were sent to every member of the Senate. There is an hour-long version of this that wil be tracked down and sent to us. Footage looks as if taken with a home video camera.
    English language; 1-Mar-1999, Beta SP, 15 min
    BA819

  635. Nightline - Waging Peace (report)
    Part I - Sheila MacVicar reports on the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA or UCK), the history of the forces, their purpose, and their future in post-war Kosovo. Interviewed are four Pristina residents, KLA Spokesman Jakup Krasniqi, KLA Regional Commander Ekrem Rexha, and three US KFOR soldiers. Part II - Tom Foreman reports from Urosevac, Kosovo, on the KLA's lack of organization during the war, and the current powerstruggle within the organization. Interviewed are KLA Commander Hazni Hodza (sp), Craig Jurosevic (sp), an Australian doctor who worked on KLA frontlines, and two Serbs residents of Urosevac.
    Producer: ABC News United States/English language; 19-Jun-1999, Beta SP, 29 min
    BA820

  636. Report on Nato's bombing of the Yugoslav TV Station (RTS) (report)
    Julian Mannen (sp) reports on NATO bombing of the Yugoslav television station.
    Producer: ITN United Kingdom/English language; 23-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 3 min
    BA821

  637. Panorama-Valley of the Dead (documentary film)
    Jane Corbin investigates mass grave sites in Orahovac, Bela Crkva, Velika Kursa, and Posto Selo. - Interviews are conducted with: Rekip Bytugi, Kosovar Albanian man; Clive Donner, John Bynn, Dr. Sue Black, and David Pryor, all members of a British Forensic Investigation Team; Chriss Cobb-Smith of the OSCE (1998-1999); Selami Helshani, Kosovar Albanian who survived a mass killing in Velika Krusa; Halil Qadraku, KLA commander; Elmi Popaj, who survived the massacre in Bela Crkva; Miftar Goshi, Kosovar Albanian who witness the Serbs' reburrial of the massacred Kosovars in a village of Zrze (Xerxe); Toma Vitosevic, a local Serb from Orahovac; Lieutenant Colonel Toney Van Loon of KFOR in Kosovo; as well as other villagers. - Included is amateur footage of murdered Kosovo Albanians in Posto Selo and an unidentified village, both dated April 2, 1999; and footage of murdered Kosovars in Velika Krusa shot on April 1,1999 by Milaim Bellanica.
    Producer: BBC1 United Kingdom/English language; 7-Jun-1999, Beta SP, 40 min
    BA822

  638. World News Tonight - Compilation of Kosovo-related reports (report)
    Kosovo Peace Plan Bob Woodruff reports on the arrival of British, US, and Russian troops into Kosovo. Statement by an unidentified Albanian man. - Caught off Guard Martha Raddatz reports on the US response to Russia's entrance into Kosovo before KFOR f
    Producer: ABC United States/English language; 12-Jun-1999, Beta SP, 11 min
    BA823

  639. The Sakic Report (report)
    n/a
    Producer: CNN &Time United States/English language; 11-Jul-1999, Beta SP, 25 min
    BA824

  640. News, April 1, 1999 (news)
    n/a
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 1-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 30 min
    BA826
    News, April 1, 1999 (news)
    BEGINNING CUT OFF
    - Report from Magura and Vrelo villages: Serbian woman (possibly from Croatia) and villagers interviewed about NATO strikes. Four cruise missiles were shot down by the anti-aircraft defense. Criminals dropped cluster bombs, citizens should report to authorities if they find yellow mines from the bombs.
    -Report from Djakovica surroundings: Anti-aircraft defense units shot down guided NATO missiles. Yugoslav army anti-aircraft defense officer and soldiers interviewed.
    - Report on NATO missiles damaging Zaglavak village homes in south eastern Serbia. Villagers interviewed.
    00:35.00
    - Most victims of war waged against Yugoslavia are civilians.
    - Report on NATO air strikes civilian victims treated at the Pristina Clinical and Hospital Center. People of all ethnicities were wounded, children and many people hurt smelled of kerosene found in the bombs. Wounded children shown and interviewed.
    - Report on Russian Duma and Belarus Parliament delegations visiting NATO air strikes victims treated in Belgrade's Military Medical Academy and various hospital clinics.
    - Report on Emergency Center in Belgrade and NATO air strikes civilian victims ranging in age from 13 to 56. Doctor states there are enough medications.
    - Report from Nis hospital: five civilians were wounded in NATO air strikes. Wounded woman interviewed: NATO indiscriminate in its targets.
    - Kosmet citizens (Serbian? refugees) exhausted and ill from the strikes are being taken care of throughout Serbia.
    - Report on people leaving Pristina due to air strikes. Albanian civilian interviewed: NATO targets civilian targets. Albanians and Serbs are afraid. Civilians (Albanians and Serbs) interviewed are leaving because of air strikes. Albanians, Serbs and other ethnicities demand stop to NATO aggression. (translate)
    00:42.25
    - Report from Belgrade's Central Train Station: footage of Kosovo refugees. More than 300 refugees arrived from Kosovo to escape NATO air strikes and Albanian terrorist attacks. Refugees interviewed: an Albanian man says he and family left because they wanted to save their children. Gypsy woman interviewed. Gypsy girl interviewed. Gypsy man interviewed: refugees were given food as soon as they arrived. Albanian (?) man interviewed. (translate)
    - Report from Kraljevo: thirty women and children from Pristina, mostly Romany Gypsies, were given shelter in a village near Kraljevo. Their husbands and sons remained in Kosovo to defend fatherland. Woman interviewed. Little boy sings Serbian song praising Yugoslav army.
    - Report from Zajecar: women and children of all nationalities became refugees from Kosovo before air strikes. Women interviewed: we won't give up Kosovo even if all Serbs have to die.
    00:47.05
    - The [Yugoslav army] Pristina Corps Headquarters issues a proclamation concerning Kosovo and Metohija citizens: NATO beasts are attacking mostly villages and cities, and they do not spare any nationality. This is our common homeland. Albanians, the NATO policy will not result in anything good for you. NATO only supports the terrorist gangs. You are being sacrificed for their goals which can never be achieved. Do not fool yourself with [dreams of] an independent state. Do not follow KLA's horrible ideals. Albanians, return the weapons you have taken by force. Unmerciful and harsh measures will be taken against those who do not do so. Only life alongside others can lead to the wellbeing and a happy childhood for your children. Return to your homes. It is spring, and fields need to be sown. Do so today. (cited) (TRANSLATE!!!)
    00:50.15
    -Our country's citizens have not lost faith yet.
    - Report from bomb shelter in Leskovac: people in shelter interviewed.
    - Report from Belgrade bomb shelter: people in shelter interviewed. Two Albanian women interviewed.
    - News just in: NATO enthusiastic about Boris Yeltsin's initiative to set up meeting of G-8 foreign ministers. Javier Solana supports all diplomatic attempts to solve problem, states Yeltsin could play important role. NATO wishes to participate in final solution (sic!) to Kosovo problem. The criminals have destroyed120 schools throughout country in the past 9 days of aggression.
    00:54.30
    - Report on Jovo Todorovic, Education Minister, announcing Easter spring break. Jovo Todorovic: instruction will resume the moment the necessary conditions are met, i.e. when war stops, schools are rebuilt, and there is safety for both students and educators. Report on damaged schools. Minister speaks about the situation, and tells students, educators, and parents that this school year will end successfully just like those that came before, and those which are still to come.
    - Report from Belgrade: children cannot go to kindergarten anymore. Minister for Family Welfare speaks on need for parents to decide whether to send children to kindergarten. Certain institutions have anti-stress and anti-fear programs.
    - The Red Cross of Serbia sends emergency aid to Pristina.
    - Serbian academician Stozevic returns his Legion of Honor medal to France because he is disgusted by its participation in NATO air strikes. (cited)
    - Anti-NATO protests are held throughout the world.
    - Report on anti-NATO and pro-Yugoslav protest in Kicevo, Macedonia. Young people burned American flag and carried Yugoslav and Serbian flags, as well as pictures of Slobodan Milosevic. Anti-NATO protests held in Skopje, Bitula, and Beladona.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 30 min
    BA827
    News, April 1, 1999 (news)
    - (01:00.21) Phone report from Athens, Greece: anti-NATO protest in Salonica's port. Patra citizens protest in front of American military base by burning American base. Anti-NATO protest on Crete. Protests on Corfu continue.
    - Moscow: Boris Yeltsin is getting telegrams of support for his condemnation of NATO attacks. Several Russian political parties send letters of condemnation to US embassy in Moscow.
    - Trieste, Italy: anti-NATO protest, people shout "Kosovo is Serbia."
    - Pert, Australia: anti-NATO protest.
    - Official Beijing again demands that air strikes against Yugoslavia be stopped. China critical of Kofi Annan. China considers main culprits for refugee catastrophe are those who throw bombs on civilians.
    - New Delhi, India: Indian Ministry of Defense believes NATO aggression only worsened situation in Kosovo. India in accordance with Russia's policy on Kosovo.
    - Tripoli, Libya: Ghadafi states NATO threatens peace in the Mediterranean area.
    - Rome, Italy: Communist and Green parties demand in parliament session that Italian government ask NATO allies to stop military action and turn to diplomatic solution. If government fails to do so, the members of these parties will resign from the parliament. Italian Unions speak up for cease of NATO air strikes.
    - Lisbon, Portugal: three leading political parties, the Socialist, Social-Democrat, and Communist, demand during parliament session immediate stop to brutal aggression on Yugoslavia.
    - Bonn, Germany: Green party begins lobbying to stop NATO aggression.
    - Paris, France: increasingly, the French speak out against NATO air strikes, a former French minister condemns the French government for obeying American orders (cited).
    01:06.45
    Report on foreign media coverage:
    - Bucharest, Romania: publication Adevarul condemns brutal NATO aggression on Yugoslavia. NATO is not for peace, but for war.
    - Banja Luka, BiH: President of Bosnian and Herzegovinian Presidency, Zivko Radisic, writes in letter to Kofi Annan. NATO aggression on Yugoslavia could lead to spread of war and instability throughout the Balkans. Involvement of BiH could lead to breakdown of Dayton Agreement (cited). Republika Srpska citizens keep protesting against the genocidal bombing of Serbia and Montenegro.
    - Report from Skopje, Macedonia: Yugoslav ambassador to Macedonia states Yugoslavia's goal is to defend itself from criminal aggression and continue the political process (cited), demands cease of NATO air strikes, and withdrawal of NATO forces especially from Macedonia, asks Macedonia not to offer logistical support to NATO. Macedonian painter Vasko Taskovski speaks his painting featuring the black dove of war, representing NATO.
    01:10.30
    - Almost entire Serbia keeps protesting in the streets. Reports from:
    - Nis: anti-NATO protest, Serbian patriotic songs sung. Student speaks, people interviewed. American flag burned.
    - Subotica: anti-NATO protest. Young people are not scared by the aggression. Subotica mayor speaks. Protest held to show world people are against war. All nationalities living in Subotica have always been tolerant of each other, and therefore have right to demand cease of strikes.
    - Valjevo: anti-NATO protest.
    - Novi Pazar: anti-NATO protest. "Long live Yugoslavia! Long live the Yugoslav army! Long live president Slobodan Milosevic! Long live the entire Serbian nation!"
    - Nova Varos: anti-NATO protest. Chanting: Serbia! We won't give up Kosovo!
    - Sjenica: anti-NATO protest, concert.
    - Krusevac: anti-NATO protest. Chanting: Serbia! We won't give up Kosovo!
    - Podgorica, Montenegro: anti-NATO protest. Chanting: We won't give up Kosovo! Actress Cica Pavlovic speaks. Young student of the Music Academy in Pristina spoke and got ovations. People gathered raised three fingers in response to rock song "the Yugoslavs".
    - Belgrade: anti-NATO protest. People sing patriotic, pro-Yugoslav army song.
    01:21.00
    - Spokesperson for the Socialist party, Ivica Dacic: "War was forced upon us", Albanians are leaving because of NATO bombing. NATO caused the humanitarian catastrophe.
    - Report on Serbian Radical Party press conference. Vojislav Seselj, party leader: despite criminal NATO aggression, the nation kept its spirits up. Aggressor targets civilian targets. NATO responsible for both Serbian and Albanian exodus from Kosovo. There is no ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, only showdown with terrorists who attacked the state authorities. Humanitarian catastrophe was caused by the Americans (cited). Seselj speaks. Aleksandar Vucic, Serbian Minister of Information praised the patriotic contribution of both public and private media outlets (cited).
    BEGINNING CUT OFF
    - Democratic Party of Serbia: Albanian leaders are, according to Washington, dying and being resurrected all the time. NATO lies are just as unsuccessful as their aggression.
    -All Albanians who are members of the Kosovo Democratic Initiative fully support Slobodan Milosevic's policy and his defense of the integrity and territorial sovereignty of the country. Criminal NATO and American fascism hurts all nationalities equally.
    BEGINNING CUT OFF
    01:24.45
    - Interview with Teo Angelopulos (in French, VO translation, still picture): NATO has no right to do this, I am against the strikes and NATO presence in the Balkans. Afraid the situation could spread to the entire Balkan peninsula. American heads are probably empty, they only want to affirm their power by using force and bomb places throughout the world, which is dangerous for the entire world. Message to Serbia - admires pride of the Serbian nation, one should continue their force and say "no" to occupier.
    - Report from Belgrade: Radio amateur club is on a patriotic mission by keeping in contact with the world. Club members interviewed. There is even support from the US.
    01:28.35
    News in English
    - Incomprehensible report, footage shows Slobodan Milosevic and Ibrahim Rugova in meeting.
    - Federal Foreign Minister Zivadin Jovanovic addressed letter to Kofu Anan and called him to act immediately to stop NATO aggression (cited).
    - Russian Duma delegation, led by Sergei Baburin, arrives to Serbia. Russian government wishes to find political solution, delegates will do everything possible to stop barbarian NATO aggression (cited).
    - NATO damaged the Gracanica Monastery and bombarded national parks in Kopaonik, Tara, and Fruska Gora. NATO fascists even used radioactive weapons and cluster bombs, forbidden by the Geneva convention. The bombs killed 15 refugees in refugee camps in Nis and Pristina, as reported by international humanitarian organizations (sic). Nine refugees are proved dead, the others aren't. The refugees were refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina, international humanitarian organization reported (cited). NATO hits civilian targets and causes greatest humanitarian catastrophe in Europe since WW2, media in NATO countries reports. However, NATO aggressors admit humanitarian catastrophe of Kosmet Albanians only. Western media campaign unprecedented. Leaders of Albanian terrorists have started fighting among themselves. Hasim Taci accused Rugoba of abandoning his people and stated Albanian leaders were assassinated. Albanian leader from Djakovica fled to Berlin and is ordering liquidation of Serbs. (Report difficult to understand, due to unprofessional Serbian television translation into English.)
    01:33.30
    - Ibrahim Rugoba receives Greek journalists at his house. Rugoba stated there were speculations he was killed and his house destroyed, but he wanted to stress he was well and is being protected by the Serbian police (cited). Rugoba sent message to NATO alliance they should have understanding for all sides in the conflict. NATO should not kill people, but help to find a peaceful solution (cited).
    -Archbishop Toran meets with Milosevic and gives message from Holy Seat (the Pope) that the Holy Seat is for cease of aggression on Yugoslavia and for peaceful solution. The Pope asked NATO countries to stop military intervention before Easter (cited). Milosevic thanks the Pope and expresses belief that those forces which strive for peace, truth and justice will prevail (cited). (translate)
    - Long line of Albanian refugees forced to leave Kosovo because of fear of NATO bombing. People cited that they have to run away from NATO. Three hundred refugees arrive at Main Train Station in Belgrade (see report in Serbian on 727).
    - The Serbian Information Ministry expressed support for journalists who held anti-NATO rally on Belgrade's main square. Ministry urged all journalists to bring end to campaign of lies about the alleged humanitarian catastrophe in Kosovo.
    01:37.20
    - Explosions in Novi Sad damaged homes. Bridge was destroyed.
    - Many civilian buildings were hit in Novi Sad. University Center of Novi Sad was hit. University President sent message to Joschka Fischer and German universities. The Germans are making the same mistake as they did during Third Reich (cited).
    - NATO targeted bridge over the Danube over Breska. More than a thousand vehicles were on the bridge.
    - Two missiles fell on villages in Bajna Basta municipality -- there are no military targets for miles around.
    - NATO air force discharged more than ten missiles on area surrounding Pristina. Two missiles hit area near Slatina airport.
    - NATO air force bombarded the Pec water plant, in the vicinity of the Pec Patriarchate.
    - Hundreds of Belgrade's citizens turned to hospitals last night, due to shock and trauma caused by air strikes. The Belgrade Medical Center reports there are many babies with fever caused by nights spent in bomb shelters. Mother of ill child cited (interviewed), other women interviewed (translation, VO). (See report on 727.)
    Reports on anti-NATO protests (727):
    - Anti-NATO protest in Montenegro.
    - Anti-NATO protests throughout Macedonia.
    - Anti-NATO protest in Trieste, Italy.
    - Anti-NATO protest in Belgrade.
    01:42.10
    - Pristina Corps Information Headquarters reported that three American servicemen, James Stone, Andrew Ramirez, and Stephen Gonzalez were captured on March 21, 1999, on Federal Republic of Yugoslavia territory. The soldiers resisted capture.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language, Beta SP, 42 min
    BA828

  641. News, April 2, 1999 (news)
    Beta TC: 01:42:43-02:11:59 Serbian Television 01:42.39 - Report from Cacak: Russian and Belorussian parliament delegation visits "Sloboda" home appliance factory that had been hit by ten NATO missiles the night before. The delegation ascertained the factory did not produce anything relating to the military. Delegation representatives give statements: NATO's goal is clear - destruction of the Serbian economy; Yugoslavia should be given military and technical aid for its defense; Yugoslavia did not threaten anyone and all UN nations should help the attacked country (cited). - Report from Belgrade: President of the National Assembly holds conference on NATO aggression for foreign diplomats: open act of aggression in Europe for first time since WW2; the aggressor in cahoots with a terrorist organization; UN Charter violated; aggressor planned and carried out a humanitarian catastrophe in order to justify the aggression to the international public; the humanitarian catastrophe is a result of air strikes; aggression genocidal because mostly civilians are targeted; territorial integrity and sovereignty of country will be defended from the aggressor; the state and political leadership, as well as all political parties and our country's citizens are united; justice is on Yugoslavia's side; only solution for Kosovo is a political one which would guarantee equality to all nationalities in Kosovo and Metohija; all countries and international organizations are asked to condemn aggression and work for it to cease (cited). 01:45.59 - Report from Salonica, Greece: relatively long footage of mostly Greek folk music concert, Serbian flags waved. Zvonimir Simunec reports: Salonica supported Yugoslavia tonight as several hundreds of thousands people gathered at concert. The main theme was "Immediately stop NATO bombs!" The most popular Greek singers and a Serbian composer, Goran Bregovic, performed. Songs were interrupted by shouts of, "America is a killer! NATO get out of Greece, Greece get out of NATO! Yugoslavia is Serbia! Adolf Clinton!" and others. Serbian, Yugoslav, and Greek flags were waved. An account number where people could donate money for help to Yugoslav victims of air strikes flashed on screen. 01:50.30 - Report from Athens, Greece: A general strike was held by union activists from 1-3 p.m. throughout Greece in support of Yugoslavia. Traffic in Athens was stopped. - Report from Skopje, Macedonia: anti-NATO protest and concert. - Report from Bitolj, Pelagonia (?): anti-NATO protest. - An anti-NATO protest was held on Times Square in New York, where at least 5,000 protesters shouted anti-NATO and pro-Yugoslav slogans. - Report from Paris, France: anti-NATO march from the Republic to the Bastille Squares; 20,000 people participated; Communist party leader as well as French and Serbian students present. - Vienna, Austria: Serbs protest against NATO air strikes. NATO caused humanitarian catastrophe. - Copenhagen, Denmark: anti-NATO protest held by Serbs and Montenegrins, many Danes participated. Doves of peace were released. - New Delhi, India: Communist Party of India states it took 50 years for the world to realize NATO was not a defense organization, but an organization to further American goals. The Communist Party organized protest in front of American Embassy in New Delhi. - Sofia, Bulgaria: Mothers and Children Organization in Sofia protested tonight in front of National theatre, and spoke on behalf of all Balkan mothers and children. The message was "enough with the destruction." 01:55.45 - Yugoslavia is defending itself against NATO aggression using all means at hand: [it is using] the Yugoslav army and police, the media, and songs in all the towns throughout the country. Footage of protests and concerts in: Novi Knezevac, Kikinda, Aleksandrovac, Pozega, Bajina Basta, Pirot, Majdanpek, Sremska Mitrovica, Ivanjica, Guca, Cacak, Zajecar, Lebane, Loznica, and Prijepolje. - Report on anti-NATO protest in Podgorica, Montenegro. Serbian nationalist songs sung. The protest was peaceful. - Report on anti-NATO protest in Pjevlja, Montenegro. Short speeches by Pljevlja officials. - Report on anti-NATO protest by factory workers in "freedom-loving" Rakovica. 02:06.10 - Report on protest against NATO fascism in Kraljevo: Serbia is not afraid, it is following president Slobodan Milosevic into yet another victory. Speeches by Kraljevo residents. - Footage from anti-NATO concert in Belgrade. Serbian folk song sung. Sergei Baburin, vice president of Russian Duma sings Russian song. 02:11.05 END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 2-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 30 min
    BA 829; copy on a separate Beta cassette
    News, April 2, 1999 (news)
    - (02:11.15) Report from Novi Sad: anti-NATO march toward "Memory" Bridge which was destroyed in NATO air strike. CNN crew, headed by Brent Sadler, reported from Novi Sad. Brent Sadler told Serbian Television crew things completely opposite to what CNN has been reporting in the past two days. Sadler's statements are first shown in English, then in Serbian, so that the international public can be sure of the authenticity of this footage. "Intentional attack on civilian infrastructure... the bridge is of no strategic importance." (Serbian translation adds certain phrases.) (translate)
    - (02:14.15) Former president of Novi Sad Jewish Community, Pavle ©osberger, speaks to CNN reporters about renewed fascist threat to Novi Sad after fifty years (cited).
    - Report from Belgrade: people hold hands over Belgrade "Brankov most" bridge over the river Sava, creating a living shield. Designer of the bridge speaks.
    - Report from Zastava car factory in Kragujevac: workers continue work posing as a living shield against bombs. Tonight, workers were joined by their wives. (Wives interviewed.) Zastava workers appeal to the international public for peace.
    - (02:18.00) Yugoslav army forces are extremely proud in defending our country. Third Army Commander General Nebojsa Pavkovic: all units have successfully fulfilled their duties. Personnel are safe, morale is high. Third Army units took down seven enemy airplanes, one helicopter, one non-pilot aircraft, and 27 cruise missiles. There is complete control of the territory, many civilians were arrested because they were undermining the state. There will be many victims, regardless of which enemy we fight. (TRANSLATE!!!)
    - (02:19.55) Report on Pristina Corps Commander, General Major Vladimir Lazarevic touring his units on the border. Milovan Drecun interviews Lazarevic about terrorists on the Yugoslav borders with Albania and Macedonia. NATO aggressor is using the terrorist forces as scouts for the possible ground troop occupation of our country. Footage of Pristina corps tank unit, soldiers show three-finger sign. (translate)
    - Report from Urosevac: more than twenty cruise missiles hit the town last night. More than twenty buildings and homes are inhabitable. Power-plant was damaged. The post office was destroyed, as well as other commercial sites. There are plenty of grocery supplies, however.
    - (02:22.31 ) Report from Nogavac village near Orahovac: destructive missiles with cluster bombs launched from American bomber planes, have razed the Nogavac village near the town of Orahovac last night at two a.m. The village was mostly inhabited by Albanians. Most houses were burned to the ground. A massacre of innocent civilians was committed by NATO killers. (TRANSLATE!!! Footage of burning Albanian village!) NATO also bombed the suburb of ©tavice, near Orehovac. Several buildings were damaged, but there was no loss of lives.
    - (02:23.20) Report from Gracanica village: the village was the criminals' target for the fourth time last night. Cluster bombs were used. Much material damage was done to family homes.
    - Report from Kursumlija: one civilian died and one was wounded during the criminal attack. Grenade hit ruins of the Holy Mother of Christ Chapel from the twelfth century, one of the oldest cultural monuments in the area. Railroad was damaged, as well as a newly planted field.
    -Report from Vranje: Vranje was attacked. There was much material damage, but there was no loss of lives. The town's institutions are still in operation.
    - Report from Pristina: after yesterday's meeting of Slobodan Milosevic and Ibrahim Rugova, life has been normalized here. Albanians are returning to the city - the Albanians had, when attacks began, moved to the villages on the outskirts of the city. Albanian terrorists were the cause of this, as they demanded that the public take part in their faked humanitarian catastrophe. Some Albanians returned because they found out that NATO bombs fall on the outskirts, where mostly Albanians live, and they saw that NATO had been giving them false promises. (translate)
    - (02:26.40) Special program from Prizren: there is a humanitarian catastrophe as all ethnicities flee Kosovo due to NATO air strikes. Albanian, Turkish, Roma Gypsy, and Muslim representatives of the Rambouillet talks delegation appear in studio to talk to their people. Turkish representative speaks (in Turkish, Serbian subtitles): NATO strikes against all ethnicities, not only Serb. Albanian (in Albanian, Serbian subtitles) and Muslim representatives give short statements.
    (02:28.50) BEGINNING CUT OFF
    - Report from Pancevo: NATO criminals began aggression by targeting a non-military target, a factory of agricultural-use airplanes.
    - Report on NATO using cluster bombs (footage of cluster bombs), instructions to viewers what to do if they spot one.
    - Three American soldiers captured by the Yugoslav army are POWs. The US would not acknowledge it was at war before this.
    - A missile fell in the area of the Lipovo village in Northern Macedonia -- only the fuse exploded. Macedonian police would not allow filming because of security reasons.
    - London: a diplomatic solution must be found. Diplomatic initiatives have already been undertaken in London, a political solution may be found in the near future.
    - The Daily Telegraph: Milosevic and Rugova talks in Belgrade are impossible to ignore, which is what London and Washington would like to do. The talks are very advantageous to Yugoslavia. The Independent: despite a large-scale propaganda campaign and NATO governments' manipulations there is no hiding the fact that the NATO aggression is a terrible mistake. The London Times writes it was a bad day for NATO, and a good one for Milosevic: three American soldiers were captured and he met with Rugova. The only thing Americans can do is lie, stating the soldiers were captured in Macedonia. Milosevic and Rugova's agreement to turn to the political process poses problems for the US. China warned that international relations must not be tainted by a new type of interventionism. A Chinese daily reminds the reading public that the Chinese president stated that one of the five principles of peaceful coexistence is not meddling in key affairs of a certain country.
    - Bonn: former German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt criticized Germany and other European Union countries for letting Americans use them for their interests. Germany in particular should carry greater responsibility, as it helped along the breakup of former Yugoslavia. A lawsuit is being brought forward against German Chancellor Schroeder because the German government went against its own constitution by participating in the aggression against Yugoslavia.
    - Tel Aviv: Ariel Sharon, Israeli foreign minister, strongly criticizes the NATO aggression against Yugoslavia: the same thing could happen to Israel, since certain areas where Palestinians live can easily be compared to Kosovo (cited).
    - Local French politician denounces NATO action.
    02:36.50
    - Washington, DC: American Senator, Robert Doricelli, loudly criticized the White House leader. Pat Roberts stated Clinton's policy was wrong and counter-productive (both cited). Criticism of Clinton's mad action is increasing on Capital Hill.
    - Skopje, Macedonia: Law professor at Skopje University states "humanitarian catastrophe" was invented only to change the present world order. Macedonian Parliament president meets with Yugoslav ambassador, states NATO troops in Macedonia must not be used for anything other than a peace mission (cited).
    - Vice president of Bulgarian parliament states a group of leading Bulgarian intellectuals are loudly protesting the NATO attack on Yugoslavia.
    - Madrid, Spain: Pablo Alvarez Salas, a Spanish CEO, wrote to Yugoslav embassy stating he was ashamed of NATO's action (cited).
    - Movie theaters in Siberia have switched all their American movie features for Yugoslav ones to show protest against the criminal NATO aggression on Yugoslavia.
    - Bulgaria: two NATO missiles fell on Bulgarian territory so far. Bulgarian official states their country's anti-aircraft defense will take down any missiles that approach the Bulgarian nuclear power plant.
    02:40.28
    - Albanian president Redzep Mejdani (sp.) threatens Yugoslavia Albania will attack it using its armed forces. (translate)
    - The NATO aggressor spokesperson, Jamie Shea demanded in Brussels that the three captured US soldiers be released immediately, since they committed no crime (cited). NATO unit commanders and their spokespeople ask for mercy for the three soldiers whose existence was confirmed by NATO only after close examination of footage by Serbian television.
    - At their press conference in Brussels today, the leaders of the criminal NATO alliance have mostly focused on denying charges brought up by the Washington Post that terrorists in Kosovo are close to being destroyed, that they've been broken up, and that they are not what they seemed to be. This press conference was a propaganda session - the false humanitarian intention for the action was again stressed.
    - An expert from the Center for Strategic International Relations based in Washington DC states he is against the violence waged by the US government against Yugoslavia, the aggression is a violation of the US Charter, as well as a violation of human rights (cited).
    - Corriere Della Sera, an Italian daily, writes: Yugoslavia could turn out for Clinton what Vietnam was to LBJ. Regular Americans are hard-pressed to find a reason for aggression, and even the pro-government publications such as The Washington Post, and the New York Times have turned against the government policy after the capture of American soldiers. The Italian journal uncovered a series of lies, mostly the "humanitarian catastrophe".
    02:44.15
    - Henry Kissinger contested Bill Clinton's arguments for the aggression against Yugoslavia, stating the Kosmet territory is a national Serbian shrine, and that complete the nation has completely unified around Slobodan Milosevic's policy. Kissinger states WW1 did not break out because of Serbs, but because outside powers meddled in small countries, and that WW2 did not break out in the Balkans to begin with. The terrorist KLA's goal has always been secession. Kissinger asked Clinton to redefine his Balkan policy (cited).
    - Chicago: The Serbian Orthodox Church in the US has sued Bill Clinton for destroying monasteries and churches in Serbia and Kosovo. The Serbian Orthodox Church means to go all the way to the Supreme Court. This was a chance for church representatives to turn to American media and speak out on Kosovo.
    - Democratic Party of Serbia (DSD): American president Bill Clinton and his European gofers cannot hide the consequences of their crimes despite their frenzied propaganda campaign. On behalf of fake humanitarian values, a true humanitarian catastrophe has been caused throughout Yugoslavia, and it seems as if it will soon spread to both Macedonia and Albania.
    - Rome: Sinisa Mihailovic, a soccer player for an Italian team, meets with Italian parliament representative. Mihailovic: I have hope air strikes against my country will stop. It seems Italy is the only NATO member country which is doing everything possible to stop the war. I believe air strikes will stop soon.
    02:47.25
    NTV - German television programming in German
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 2-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 36 min
    BA830

  642. News, April 3, 1999 (news)
    831 Beta TC: 02:47:41-03:18:00 Serbian Television April 3, 1999 02:47.53 - Report on NATO's bombing of Belgrade city center: several govt. buildings in Kneza Milosa Street were hit. A missile fell only about ten meters away from the largest birthing hospital in Yugoslavia. The missiles fell on the most traffic-congested street in Belgrade. Shop windows shattered in the explosions. - Report from the Belgrade Birthing Hospital: babies slept peacefully until 1 a.m., but due to the murderers' attack they now have to be moved in the basement shelter. These children will be traumatized by NATO's inhumanity. Doctors from the hospital interviewed. All patients and staff had to be evacuated. Patients interviewed. No one could believe this would happen. Vlajko Stoiljkovic, Minister of the Interior, interviewed: Hitler's Nazis bombed Belgrade in April, 1941. In April 1999, Clinton's neo-Nazis are bombing Belgrade once more. They are harming themselves and the entire civilized world. The building they destroyed was an architectural beauty of the Balkans. This is a work of monsters and criminals. We are unified, and our descendants will build even nicer buildings than the ones the neo-Nazis are trying to destroy. Sergei Baburin, Russian Duma vice president interviewed about bombing: we saw the wounded civilians at the Medical Military Academy just a while ago tonight, and we can see the appearance of a new type of cannibal in Europe. Russia has not remained impassive, help to Serbia is unavoidable (in Russian, VO). Daniel Schiffer, French philosopher(?), interviewed: speechless, this is pure Fascism (in Serbian). - Footage of people holding hands over Belgrade bridge, chanting "Serbia". Designer of bridge states bridge is sacred and should be defended (see 830). 02:54.59 - The Western alliance aggressors and their forces known as SFOR have mined and damaged about 15 meters of the Belgrade - Bar railroad track in the Rudo municipality in Republika Srpska. Report from ©trpci: SFOR forces, mostly Americans, first killed the railroad guard, Miloje Tomic, and then mined the railroad track. After the explosion, the criminals left, and then returned to cause another explosion. SFOR helicopters supported the terrorist attack from the air. Municipality president wrote letter of protest to SFOR unit. Attack was undertaken minutes before a train carrying passengers to the coast passed, but luckily, there were no victims. (translate?) - The Belgrade city center has been shaken up by last night's explosions and fires when governmental buildings were targeted. It was a horrible sight, and caused many Belgrade residents to ask themselves, "Is this possible?" Report on Belgrade city center bombing: 8 cruise missiles targeted Belgrade. CNN had another spectacular show during prime time. As reporters described their shock and horror, anchor-people could not hide their joy of presenting a good show. During Belgrade's critical moments, they did not fail to remind people of the columns of Albanian refugees, forgetting to mention these refugees were fleeing from NATO attacks. Both CNN and SKY news plugged into Serbian Television programming at exactly 1 a.m. They did not show the report on the evacuation of babies and new mothers from the Birthing Hospital. - Russian government president Evgeny Primakov met with Yugoslav ambassador to Russia, Borislav Milosevic. They talked about the situation caused by NATO air strikes against Yugoslavia. - Igor Ivanov suggested an emergency G-8 meeting. France stated Russia could play a large role in a peaceful solution of the crisis (cited). 03:00.48 - Italian Minister Dinni supports Russian suggestion for G-8 meeting (cited). - Early this morning in the outskirts of Tirana, two powerful explosions were heard. It is not known where they came from. - A Washington Post columnist writes that the militant policy led by Washington leaders is nothing but a roadtrip to hell. A terrible mistake has been committed by Clinton, and it will turn out to be the worst for the aggressors. The columnist writes that Clinton is so traumatized by the genocide in Kosovo and the war, that he went golfing. The article is sarcastic and anti-Clinton (cited). - The Federal government President, Momir Bulatovic, wrote to the president of the European Committee in Brussels, Romano Prodi, stressing need for immediate action to stop the NATO aggression. Anti-NATO sentiments expressed. - Belgrade: report on NATO usage of cluster bombs. Cluster bombs shown at the Yugoslav Army Press Center press conference. - The center of Belgrade was hit by NATO missiles, which caused explosions and fires in the middle of the night. The consequences could not be seen until the morning, Belgrade residents were shocked and dismayed. - Report on the Belgrade city center bombing (footage of destroyed governmental institutions), Belgrade Birthing hospital shown, building for Refugee Welfare also destroyed. Extremely important archives housed in one of the governmental buildings were ruined. - Report from Pristina: NATO air strikes damaged the Sports, Youth, and Business center "Boro i Ramiz". Over a thousand square meters of "security glass" broke. About a thousand students attended extracurricular activities at the center. - Report from Magura village: two missiles fell on village where mostly Albanians and Macedonians live. 03:09.15 - Report on Yugoslav soldiers giving oath "to their nation and fatherland" upon entering the air force. General Major Djoko Radakovic spoke at the event about importance of entering the army now. - Report from Pristina: Spanish television TELE5 reporters, and a Dutch reporter were arrested near the border town of Djeneral Jankovic by the Yugoslav-Macedonian border. All three were arrested because they entered the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia illegally. Statements by reporters (translation, VO, subtitles). (translate) 03:12.14 - Incomprehensible report on a new Eurovision television Center opening up in Podgorica under name of Yurts. The rights to the name is exclusive to Serbian television in Belgrade, however. - Report from Pristina: despite the increasing NATO attacks, there are more and more Albanians on Pristina's streets. They returned to their homes, since the meeting between Milosevic and Rugova was encouraging. Albanians interviewed: they are not threatened by Serbs, only by NATO. (TRANSLATE!!!) 03:15.00 - Anti-NATO propaganda animation and footage. "Throw NATO in the mud! Today, lots of airplanes took off from Aviano. Even more came back!" (BREAK DOWN!!!) - Skopje, Macedonia: students protest against NATO. - Athens, Greece: Greek media reports on the Belgrade city center bombing by NATO. Greece is dismayed by the criminal NATO attack. It seems that the leadership of NATO has since last night been overtaken by the military commander of the fascist armada, Wesley Clark. The Greek public is loud and clear about their dismay. Protests in Greece are gathering more people every day. Peace concert was a success. Other humanitarian concerts still have to take place. 03:17.19 - The Chinese media was dismayed as they reported news that missiles fell near the Birthing hospital in Belgrade. The NATO policy is fascist, and the aggressor is losing control. - Bulgarian television showed RTS footage of the mothers and babies being evacuated from the Birthing hospital several times. Few viewers could remain untouched by the report. 03:18.30 END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 3-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 30 min
    BA831
    News, April 3, 1999 (music)
    Rabbi Tzabik Danon (sp.), former head Rabbi for Yugoslavia, appeals to all Jewish organizations and Jews throughout the world to help stop the damaging effects of NATO bombs and lies (cited). Rabbi Danon: I cannot keep silent when Serbs are being attacked for the third time, especially when all they have done is to defend their centuries-old holy land, Kosovo, for which I have said time and again it represents their Jerusalem. NATO manufactures lies about the freedom-loving and brave Serbian people (cited).
    Report on foreign media coverage:
    - The National Spanish Press Agency reports: two guided missiles hit the governmental buildings close to a medical center in the very downtown of Belgrade.
    - Le Figaro: the NATO aggression is a mistake. The aggression is what caused the Albanian exodus. Clinton will not admit defeat, and although he barely ever sleeps, he is still pretending to be decisive.
    - Germany: the number of people opposed to NATO aggression increased after the public saw footage of Belgrade in flames.
    - Osservatore Romano: the peace proposition offered by the Catholic Church was denied. For the first time ever, a Pope stood up for defense of the Orthodox Church. President of the Austrian Democratic Party, Heinz Fischer, demanded immediate stop to NATO air strikes against Yugoslavia, a peaceful solution based on UN principles must be found.
    - The Indian Express (India): critique of criminal NATO aggression, stating the US has made a mistake. US action should worry both India and the entire world.
    03:21.50
    - The servile and subjugated government in Skopje finally acknowledged that the wave of refugees arriving to Macedonia is a consequence of NATO air strikes. Even the pro-government publication Nova Makedonija published on its front page a confession of an Albanian refugee who was advised, he said, by the KLA terrorists to leave Kosovo and go to Macedonia, where he could easily get a visa for European countries. A deputy of the Macedonian Prime Minister stated to Western journalists that their countries are at fault for the catastrophe going on in Macedonia and throughout the Balkans. Take in at least one refugee, we are not getting the help your countries had promised us.
    03:22.50
    - The Executive editor of the largest Pristina Albanian daily Koha di Tore (sp.), Vatol Hadziju (sp.), is safe and sound in Macedonia, the Macedonian daily Nova Makedonija was confirmed today, stating there were rumors of the editor being dead.
    - Report from Skopje: Macedonian and Greek Defense Ministers meet. Greece cannot take part in a military campaign against its neighbors. The Kosmet crisis can only be solved through political dialogue.
    - The Guardian has run one of the strongest criticisms of Tony Blair's policy in its Saturday supplement. The Guardian commentator: what is wrong with Blair? Is he in love with Clinton? If Clinton wanted to test the atomic bomb in Blair's backyard while his wife and children were barbecuing, Blair would say, Yes, Billy! We are bombing Yugoslavia, a glorious, whole, and independent Yugoslavia, which has always been congratulated by the West for its "no" to Stalin. It is a country which fought against the Nazis, and was never anyone's puppet. The Guardian goes on to say, "perhaps this is exactly what we cannot stand, a country that is showing to others that it can stand on its own. The Serbs have shown us the brown-nosing potential of our potentially great country - Great Britain, and we do not like it. The American General Wesley Clark has many medals, I wonder, where has he earned them? Was it in Vietnam? I wonder what he has done to earn them, and what crimes against women and children he took part in. America has so much blood on its hands that it's a miracle it can still hold on to its weapons. Serbs are not doing anything against the Kosmet Albanians that various Latin American countries have not done to their people. But that is a different matter, because these countries are in the American backyard. Could Catholic NATO country members attack Great Britain for its bad treatment of North Irish Catholics? Whatever is going on in Yugoslavia, if anyone is killing anyone, is a situation caused by the West. Blair says what is being done is right, because everything now is just like WW2. And it is, except that now we have joined our Luftwaffe colleagues and become Fascists ourselves," the Guardian commentator said.
    03:25.55
    - Today too, there were protests against the criminal NATO aggression on our country around the world:
    - Report from Rome: Catholics and laymen are protesting against NATO (footage shows people carrying Communist flags.) Communist Party leader denounces NATO: NATO is waging a war against Europe.
    - Stockholm, Sweden: 5,000 protesters gathered, yelled "We won't give up Kosovo!"
    - Cyprus, Turkey: pro-Yugoslav protests.
    - Melbourne, Sydney, Queensland, Adelaide, Australia: anti-NATO protests.
    - Timisoara, Romania: anti-NATO protest and concert.
    - Budapest, Hungary: anti-NATO protest in front of American Embassy.
    - Frankfurt, Germany: over 10,000 Germans and Serbs took part in anti-NATO protest.
    - Munich, Germany: anti-NATO protest.
    - Graz, Bregenz, Austria: anti-NATO protest.
    - Cambridge, Great Britain: large anti-NATO protest, a large group of American and Canadian tourists joined the group.
    - Warsaw, Poland: anti-NATO protest.
    - Copenhagen, Denmark: anti-NATO protest, Serbs and Danes gathered.
    03:31.40
    - Russian Ministry of Defense representative, Leony Ivashev, states: NATO aggression against Yugoslavia was planned ahead in order to disrupt peaceful resolution; there was a conspiracy by NATO to start military conflict, to move in NATO ground troops; Russian Ministry of Defense is increasing its forces; NATO aggressors are unprecedented in their inhumanity; there have been 17 civilian targets so far, one of the most cruel the Birthing Hospital in Belgrade; even cultural monuments protected by the Geneva Convention are not spared (cited). Stressing that NATO strategists are now nervous because they are not getting the results they wanted, he pointed out they are also hiding their losses.
    - Citizens continue to protest throughout Serbia by holding concerts: footage from concerts and protests in: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Nis, Zrenjanin (also footage of Serbian Orthodox Church procession), Vrsac (Romanian Community president speaks stating Romanians will fight for Yugoslavia), Lajkovac, Temerin, Borca, Vrbas.
    03:40.11
    - Anti-NATO propaganda animation (Mission Impossible theme song).
    - Report from Belgrade: press conference held at the Dean's Office of the Medical Faculty of the Belgrade University, focusing on the missiles which barely avoided hitting the largest clinical center in Serbia. Medical Faculty Dean speaks, as well as Vice President of Yugoslav Government, Milovan Bojic: is targetting hospitals the main focus of the new world order? Director of the Clinical Center of Serbia states morale is high.
    - Serbian Radical Party: The terrorist armada is trying to win a victory over the unconquerable Serbian people. Various insults of NATO.
    - Yugoslav United Left: report from press conference, the terrorist nature of NATO's attack is a criminal act against peace and humanity. Taking down the Police Building is a crime, because the Police is fighting against terrorists. Closeness of the hospital did not matter to NATO, and CNN did not inform their viewers of the danger the hospital was put in. Who are the main perpetrators of crimes in Yugoslavia? Those wretches who solve their existential questions by doing the dirty work and even crimes, if needed. They are the Ramirezes, Sanchezes - the people who are among the poorest in America and throughout the NATO countries. These poor people have to die for the interests of international capitalists. (Report from press conference really a political commentary. Footage of Mira Markovic at conference).
    03:45.35
    - Report from Novi Sad: nighttime footage of bombed bridge. Footage of nighttime anti-aircraft defense action. There were civilian vehicles on the Freedom bridge at the moment it was hit.
    - Socialist People's Party of Montenegro: NATO's attack on Yugoslavia the worst aggression since WW2. All forces in Montenegro should be put into service of the country's defense - state the party leaders. Unity and inner harmony agreed upon by all the parties in Montenegro.
    03:47.30
    - Academician Mihajlo Markovic: we are creative, free, and imaginative in our defense. Belgrade must never become Washington's threshold.
    - Academician Milorad Ehmecic: another wave of student protests will begin in America. Academician Vlado Strugar speaks. Other Serbian intellectuals address the international public.
    END CUT OFF
    03:48.45
    - Serbian Orthodox Patriarch held mass for the Feast of St. Lazarus.
    END OF TAPE
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 3-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 30 min
    BA832
    News, April 3, 1999 (news)
    Report from Belgrade: "Volleyball against war" anti-war protest and volleyball match on the Republic Square in Belgrade. Interview with athletes and coach. Athletes show their solidarity with the people of Yugoslavia.
    Producer: Serbian TV Yugoslavia/Serbo-Croatian language; 3-Apr-1999, Beta SP, 2 min
    BA833

  643. News, April 4, 1999 (news)
    834 Serbian Television April 4, 1999 Beta TC: 03:50:45-04:21:28 03:50.43 - Federal Foreign Minister of Yugoslavia, Jovanovic, comments on the General Council's incompetence to intervene in NATO air strikes. NATO has endangered civilian lives and objects, as well as cultural monuments. American aggression is accompanied by a media campaign intended to pull wool over the eyes of the international public (cited). - Report from Greece: the Greek Orthodox Church archbishop speaks out against NATO aggression on Yugoslavia while commemorating a WW (1 or 2) battle in Northern Greece. Greek President was present. Foreign representatives, esp. those of Great Britain, France, and Germany were jeered at; anti-NATO protest meeting held close to Macedonian border -- 1